当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 2014届高三英语大一轮复习 Book 6 Unit 4 Global warming单元知识对点练(含解析) 新人教版

2014届高三英语大一轮复习 Book 6 Unit 4 Global warming单元知识对点练(含解析) 新人教版


Unit 4

Global warming

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.The old engineer’s eyes still shone bright in the wrinkled brown face and his step as he came across the room was ________,though slow. 北,

23) A.shaky 答案 D 解析 句意为: 那位老工程师的眼睛在他那棕色的布满皱纹的脸上依然闪烁着光芒, 他 那穿过房间的脚步虽然缓慢但依然很平稳。 shaky 摇晃的; heavy 重的; casual 随便的; steady 平稳的,稳定的。根据句意可知应选 D 项。 2 . He was a good student and scored ________ average in most subjects. (2011·天津,11) A.below 答案 D 解析 句意为:他是个好学生,大多数科目都在平均分以上。below average 在平均分 以下;of 不与 average 搭配;on average 平均;above average 在平均分以上。根据 句意可知应选 D 项。 3.—How did people respond to the plan to charge for plastic bags used in the supermarket? —The plan received________support throughout the country. A.widespread C.potential 答案 A 解析 由 throughout the country 可知,这项计划得到了广泛的(widespread)支持, 所以选 A 项。steady 平稳的;potential 潜在的;obvious 明显的。 4.One’s life has value________one brings value to the life of others. (2012·江苏,30) A.so that C.as long as B.no matter how D.except that B.steady D.obvious B.of C.on D.above B.heavy C.casual D.steady (2011·湖

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答案 C 解析 句意为: 只要一个人给别人的生活带来价值, 那么他的生命就有价值。 long as as 只要,引导条件状语从句;so that 以便,因此,引导目的或结果状语从句;no matter how 不管怎样,引导让步状语从句;except that 除??之外,表示排除。根据句意, 应选 C 项。 5.We firmly believe that war never settles anything. It only________violence. A.runs into C.results in 答案 C 解析 考查动词短语。 句意为: 我们坚信, 战争不能解决任何问题, 只会造成暴力。 result in 导致,造成,符合句意。run into 撞上;come from 来自;begin with 以??开始。 6.John received an invitation to dinner, and with his work________, he gladly accepted it. A.finished D.was finished 答案 A 解析 考查 with 复合结构。由语境和常识可知, 愉快的接受邀请是因为工作已经做完, 所以用过去分词表示被动和完成。 7.The food my parents cook is not so good but I have to________it. A.pay attention to C.put up with 答案 C 解析 put up with 忍受,容忍,符合句意。pay attention to 注意,留意;hold on to 紧紧抓住,坚持;keep up with 跟上,赶上。 8 . If you insist on smoking heavily like that , you will have to suffer the________sooner or later. A.achievements 答案 C 解析 考查名词辨析。句意为:如果你继续那样大量吸烟的话,你迟早得承受其后果。 consequence 后果,结果,影响。achievement 成就;cause 原因;exchange 交换。 9.—I hear you________in a pub.What’s it like? —Well, it’s very hard work and I’m always tired, but I don’t mind. (2011·江 苏,21) A.are working B.will work
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B.comes from D.begins with

B.finishing

C



having

finished

B.hold on to D.keep up with

B.causes

C.consequences

D.exchanges

C.were working 答案 A

D.will be working

解析 句意为:——我听说你在一家酒吧上班。怎么样?——噢,工作很辛苦,我总是 感觉累,不过我不在乎。由谈话时的语境可推测出隐含的时间为 now,由此可推断出空 格处应用现在进行时表示现阶段正在发生的动作, 并不是说话时正在发生的动作。 其他 选项的时态与语境不符。 10.Not until he retired from teaching three years ago ________having a holiday abroad. (2012·辽宁,32) A.he had considered C.he considered 答案 D 解析 not until 位于句首时,主句要用部分倒装,因此可以排除 A、C 两项。再分析 句子结构可知,本空所在的是主句部分,结合从句时态可知主句用一般过去时态。句意 为:直到三年前从教学上退休后他才考虑到国外度假。 11.—Do you________the idea of living a low?carbon life? —It sounds tough,but it is a tendency. A.correspond to C.cater to 答案 D 解析 问句句意为:你是否赞同低碳生活的观念?correspond to 与??一致/相符; B.apply to D.subscribe to B.had he considered D.did he consider

apply to 适用于;cater to 迎合。subscribe to 同意,赞同,符合句意。 12.A hot bath will surely________you when you are very tired. A.rebuild 答案 D 解析 考查动词辨析。 句意为: 当你很累的时候, 热水澡肯定能让你消除疲劳。 refresh 使恢复,使振作;rebuild 重建;rescue 营救;remain 保持,仍然是。 13.Researchers are now conducting hibernation experiments and can use chemicals to put living cells into sleep?like state________they don’t age. A.for which 答案 C 解析 考查定语从句的关系词。此处表示“在这种状态下,这些细胞不会衰老。”先行 词 state 在这里表示状态,属于抽象的地点,所以用 where 相当于 in which。
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B.rescue

C.remain

D.refresh

B.that

C.where

D.which

14.—I heard your journey was not very pleasant. —But for the sudden rain we ________ a wonderful time. A.will have C.should have 答案 B 解析 由语境可知,该句应是与过去事实相反的虚拟语气,应用 would/should/could/ might...+have done 结构。 15.—Why does the lake smell terrible? —Because large quantities of water ________. A.have polluted C.has been polluted 答案 D 解析 large quantities of+n.作主语时,其谓语动词的单复数由 quantity 的形式来 决定,故排除 B、C 两项。又由 water 与 pollute 之间为被动关系,故选 D 项。 Ⅱ.完形填空 It was a warm sunny Saturday afternoon some fifteen years ago.I __1__ to take my daughter to the local playground.As soon as we got there,my daughter headed for the __2__ and asked for a push.As I was helping my daughter to go higher and higher, I noticed another little girl trying __3__ to get her own swing going.Her elderly grandmother was sitting quietly on a nearby bench and __4__ at me. I walked over to the little girl and __5__ if she could use a push,too.She smiled and said “Yes!”.I soon had her __6__ flying towards the clouds while she laughed __7__.For the next two hours I found myself __8__ swings and playing games with my daughter and the little girl.By the time we headed home,I was __9__ worn out, but my spirits were still flying higher than those swings. Two years later after a long day’s work I went to __10__ my kids from the local grade school.__11__ , I stood in the parents’ waiting area __12__ for my children.__13__,I felt two tiny arms around my waist.I looked down and there was the little girl from the __14__ smiling up at me.She gave me one more big __15__ before heading off to catch her school bus.__16__ I watched her back,I didn’t feel quite so tired anymore and my __17__ were once again rising in the Heavens. In this life,every single bit of love we share __18__ its way back to us again.It may take seconds or it may take years.The law of love,__19__,is never broken.The love we share,the kindness we give and the __20__ we create will always come back
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B.should have had D.had

B.is being polluted D.have been polluted

to bless us. 1.A.offered 答案 A 解析 作者主动带着孩子去当地的运动场去玩。offer to do sth.主动提出做某事,符 合句子语境;prefer to do sth.意为“偏爱做某事”,学生易误选此项。 2.A.balls 答案 C 解析 考查上下文照应。由下文可知,她们一到运动场,孩子就冲向了那里的秋千,要 妈妈给她推一把。故选 swings 符合语境。 3.A.in turn 答案 D 解析 从下文的“I walked over to the little girl and ______ if she could use a push,too.”可知那个小女孩没有荡起秋千,故选 in vain 表示“徒劳地,无益地”。 in turn 反过来;in fact 事实上;in secret 秘密地。 4.A.glared 答案 B 解析 女孩的奶奶正安静地坐在附近的一条板凳上,对着“我”笑。glare 怒目而视; scream 尖叫;laugh 大笑,均与语境不符。 5.A.asked 答案 A 解析 由下文的“She smiled and said ‘Yes!’”可知此处是“我”问女孩是否也 B.wondered C.thought D. explained B.smiled C.screamed D.laughed B.in fact C.in secret D.in vain B.flowers C.swings D.crowds B.attempted C.failed D. preferred

需要推一把。 6.A.hands 答案 B 解析 根据常识, 荡秋千时人在空中前后摆时脚的位置是越来越高的, 故这里作者将这 个过程描述为“I soon had her feet flying towards the clouds...”。 7.A.gently 答案 C 解析 根据本句中的 laughed 一词可知,女孩此时非常高兴,故用 happily 符合语境。 8.A.pulling 答案 D 解析 在以后的两个小时里,作者一直在推秋千,陪着女儿以及那个小女孩做游戏。 9.A.mentally 答案 C
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B.feet

C.arms

D.head

B.roughly

C.happily

D.bitterly

B.shaking

C.making

D.pushing

B.simply

C.physically

D.mostly

解析

与下文的“but my spirits were still flying higher than those swings”

相对应,“我”尽管身体上已经是筋疲力尽,但是情绪却要比秋千飞得还要高,用 physically 相照应。 10.A.pick up C.look after 答案 A 解析 从下文的“I stood in the parents’ waiting area ________ for my children” 及“before heading off to catch her school bus.________ I watched her back...” 可知,故事讲的是作者在经过一天的工作之后去学校接孩子。 11.A.Puzzled 答案 C 解析 从故事中的“after a long day’s work”及下文的“I didn’t feel quite so tired anymore”可知,此处要用 tired 符合语境。 12.A.calling 答案 D 解析 作者在家长等候区等待孩子。watch for 在句中意为“等待”。 13.A.Suddenly D.Nervously 答案 A 解析 突然有两只小胳膊抱住了“我”的腰。此处与下文的“looked down and there B.Finally C.Fortunately B.speaking C.caring D.watching B.Satisfied C.Tired D.Worried B.send for D.see off

was the little girl from the ________ smiling up at me.”相照应,说明事件发 生得非常突然。 14.A.stadium 答案 B 解析 在故事的前半部分,作者提到自己带女儿到运动场玩,偶遇了小女孩,与之相照 应,此处应填 playground 符合语境。 15.A.kiss 答案 D 解析 one more big 与前面的“I felt two tiny arms around my waist”相照应, B.touch C.blow D.hug B.playground C.classroom D.school

女孩再次拥抱作者,用 hug。kiss 吻;touch 碰,接触;blow 打击,殴打。 16.A.As 答案 A 解析 “我”看着女孩的背景,再也不感到劳累。此处用 as 表示时间。 17.A.thoughts B.memories C.spirits
6

B.Although

C.Until

D.Since

D.feelings 答案 C 解析 与上文的“my spirits were still flying higher than those swings”相呼

应,“my ________ were once again rising in the Heavens.”,意为“我的情绪再 次升上了天空”。 18.A.clears 答案 B 解析 考查动词短语辨析。 由作者对故事的叙述可知, 与小女孩的再次相遇勾起了作者 对过去的美好回忆。find one’s way back 字面意义为“找到回去的路”,这里指回 忆起过去发生的事。 19.A.instead 答案 D 解析 与前句的“It may take seconds or it may take years.”形成让步关系,故 B.besides C.therefore D.though B.finds C.fights D.feels

要用 though,此句意为“然而,这种爱的法则永远不会被打破”。 20.A.image 答案 C 解析 与上文提到的作者与小女孩发生的那段快乐邂逅故事相呼应, 此处用 joy 符合语 境。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 “Teenagers who argue with their mothers are less likely to give in to peer(同 龄人) pressure and turn to drink and drugs,” say child psychologists. Instead of concealing opinions and feelings,it is best if older children are open and frank with their mothers,according to a study by university researchers.And it is often disagreements rather than heart?to?hearts that help the most. If a teenager can stand up to their mother in a row about a girlfriend or boyfriend or poor grades then they are more likely to resist peer pressure,says the study.It is certainly better to have the occasional disagreement than not to take part in face?to?face conversations at all,it adds. The study shows that such arguments have the most beneficial effect when they are with a mother rather than father,other family member or friend.This is because teenagers tend to use more logical arguments when being blamed by a mother. Child psychologists from the University of Virginia analysed the behavior of both teenagers—studied progressively from aged 13 to 16—and their parents.They found: “Teens who more openly express their own viewpoints in discussions with their
7

B.idea

C.joy

D.value

moms,even if their viewpoints disagree,are more likely than others to resist peer pressure to use drugs or drink.Teens who hold their own in family discussions are better at standing up to peer influences to use drugs or alcohol.Among the best protected are teens who have learned to argue well with their moms about such topics as grades,money,household rules,and friends.” While the research suggests having disagreements can help,the important point is the regular contact with a parent,and a mother in particular.The report added: “Teens who are secure in their ability to turn to their mothers under stress are less likely to end up feeling overly dependent upon close friends.” 1.Who is most likely to resist peer pressure? A.A teenager who has the same opinion as his mother. B.A teenager who is dependent on close friends. C.A teenager who argues with his mother. D.A teenager who argues with his teacher. 答案 C 解析 细节理解题。 根据第一段以及第四段第一句可知, 那些会跟母亲争辩的孩子最能 够抵挡住同辈压力。 2.The underlined word “concealing” in Paragraph 2 can be replaced by ________. A.hiding C.protecting 答案 A 解析 词义猜测题。 根据第二段第一句中的 “instead of” 可推知,concealing opinions “ and feeling”应与“open and frank”意义相对,故 concealing 的词义应为“隐藏” 。 3.What best helps a teenager resist peer pressure? A.Mother’s love. C.Real friendship. 答案 D 解析 细节理解题。根据第二段最后一句可知,和母亲之间的分歧对孩子的帮助最大。 4.We can infer from the passage that peer pressure ________. A.can lead to real friendship B.can have positive influence on teenagers C.can influence teenagers to do bad things D.is more powerful than influence from parents 答案 C
8

B.expressing D.changing

B.Self?confidence. D.Disagreements.

解析 推理判断题。 文章第一段和倒数第二段都提到, 同辈的压力可以导致孩子酗酒或 者吸毒,故可推知 C 项正确。

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