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词型转换4


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would not have succeeded 1 Without your help, I ________________________(not, succeed) in catching that big fish..
? Without your help=If you hadn’t helped me ? 考点:介词短语引导虚拟

语气。 ? 解题要点:将介词短语转换成if条件句。转换时注意时态。 . 从句 主句 对过去虚拟 had done would have done

对现在虚拟
对将来虚拟

did did were to do should do

Would/should/might do
Would/should/might do

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类似的介词短语: But for your help, I would have been fired(开除) by my boss. 要不是你帮忙,我可能会被老板炒鱿鱼了。 Without your help, I could not have succeeded. 没有你帮忙, 我不可能成功。 Under such circumstances(情况) I would probably have done the same. 在这种情况下,我可能也会这么做。 With better equipment(设备), we could have done it better. 如 果有更好的设备,我们能做的更好。 Given more time, I could have done much better. 如果有更多的 时间,我们能做的更好。

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hearing (hear) it before, so I can’t answer 2 I don’t remember_______ question. 1 介词后接动名词/名词 2 后接动名词作宾语的动词 mind 介意 delay 耽搁 risk 冒险 enjoy 喜欢 deny 否认 consider 考虑 suggest 建议 stop 停止 bear 忍受 admit 承认 imagine 想象 keep 保持 avoid 避免 mean 意味着 escape 逃避

用合适的形式填空
better 3 This article is slightly (稍微)______(well) organized than that one. 考点:比较级 a bit/little much 修饰比较级的副词有: slightly
far even a lot

4 He thought he would be alone all the day, but on the 解题步骤: afternoon he had a/an ___________ (expect) visitor.

unexpected

分词 -ed分词 【 记忆策略---词缀法】 expected: adj. 预料之中的;期待中的 unexpcted: adj. 预料之外的

定语

反义

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5 Nearly half of thebored _____ (bore) audience had left the meeting before it was closed. 解题思路:分词作定语,同第四题。

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例外: 有些过去分词,只表示完成, 不表示被动 1) 和情感有关 excited satisfied bored interested

disappointed
2 其他 retired professor risen sun fallen leaves

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6 i needs some comfort, but I really can’t think of anything _________ suitable (suit) to say. 【 记忆策略---词缀法】 suit: v. 适合;与….相配 suitable: adj. 合适的

unsuitable: adj. 不合适的

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fortunate (fortune) enough to be accepted by the 7 She’s ___________ multi-national company.
【 记忆策略---词缀法】 fortune: n. 财富;运气 fortunate: adj. 运气好的 unfortunate: adj. 倒霉的

用合适的形式填空
appreciation(appreciate) of the finer things in 8 Max has no ___________ life.
【 记忆策略---词缀法】 appreciate: vt. 感谢;欣赏;鉴赏 appreciation: n.

用合适的形式填空
9 Thinking is one of the most productive ___________ (product) activities of a human being. 【 记忆策略---词缀法】 produce: vt. 生产 production: n. 生产 productive: adj. 多产的/高产的;富有成效的

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valuable 10 A thief stole some ____________ (value) paintings from the museum.
Value: 价值 【 记忆策略---词缀法+比较法】 Valuable: adj. 有价值的

invaluable: adj. 无价之宝的

Valueless: adj. 没有价值的

priceless: adj. 无价之宝的

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difficulties 11 We made plans for a visit but the subsequent _____ (difficult) with the car prevented it.
subsequent: adj. 随后的 【 记忆策略---词缀法】 continually (continue) for half a month 12 It has been raining __________ and there is still no sign of any improvement. sign: n. 指示牌;迹象/征兆;符号;姿势/手势;签名 【 记忆策略---词缀法+比较法】 continue: v. continuous: adj. 持续的(强调一直不停)happen all the time without stopping continual: adj. 持续不断地(强调很频繁) happen often continously: adv. Continually: adv.

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13 The acceptance __________ (accept) of the atomic theory by physicists has led to many scientific discoveries. atomic: adj. 原子的 theory: n. 理论 discovery: n. 发现 【 记忆策略---词缀法】 acceptance: n. acceptable: adj. 可以接受的 unacceptable: adj. 不可接受的

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14 These college students spent a whole month traveling in Northwest China, which greatly broaden _________ (broad) their vision and knowledge. 【 记忆策略---词缀法】 broaden: v. Vs. narrow: vt 使….缩小;缩小 【 记忆策略---联想法】 widen: vt. deepen: vt. lengthen: vt. shorten: vt. heighten: vt.

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classic 15 Her daughter particularly likes reading the_________ (class) English novels.
【 记忆策略---词缀法】 class: n. 班级;等级;阶层 classic: adj. 经典的

Proposals (propose) were put forward to increase sales. 16 __________
【 记忆策略---词缀法】 propose: vt. 建议 【 用法】 ~+n/to do….. proposal: n. 建议

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17 Extensive reporting on television has helped to generate variety (various) of sports and interest in a wide _________ activities. extensive: 广泛的;大规模的 Generate: vt. 产生;造成 【 记忆策略---词缀法】 various: adj. 各种各样的 variety: n. 种类 【用法】 great/wide ~ of sth: 各种各样的东西

用合适的形式填空
18 The flowers need __________ (water) , otherwise they’ll wither. need 用法:

watering

① n. 需要

~ to do….; ~ for…..

② 情态动词 ~ do…. ③普通动词 ~ to do…. ④普通动词 ~ doing…. (主语和动词构成被动关系, 主动表示被动)

用合适的形式填空
Equipped (equip) with facts and figures like these, you 19 __________ are sure to persuade them to act on your suggestions.
figure: n. 数字 persuade: vt. 劝说 act on: 奉行某事物(根据….行事)

分词作状语表时间 分词作状语

用合适的形式填空
convinced (convince) that the 20 We all left the meeting ___________ project was feasible (可行的). convince: vt. 使信服 【用法】 ~ sb of sth convinced: adj. 确信的 【用法】 be ~ that…
分词作状语表补充说明


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