How to write a Argumentative Essay(议论文)?
议论文与广东高考 2012年：教师对学生的影响 夹叙夹议 记叙文 2011年：描述一次难忘的经历。 2010年：对用金钱鼓励孩子 议论文 学习现象进行议论。
[写作内容] 1、 以约30词概括上文的主要内容。 2、
以约120词对用金钱鼓励孩子学习的现象进行议论，内容包括： （1）你对用金钱鼓励孩子学习的看法； （2）你的父母（或其他亲人）是如何鼓励你学习的；
In junior high school, one of my classmates, Ethan, was addicited to TV. This boy simply knew everything about such pop shows as Who’s the Boss? Then one day Ethan’s mother made him an offer in order to draw him back to his school subjects. She promised that she would give him 0 if he could go a full month without watching any TV. None of us thought Ethan could do it, but he did quit TV. His mom paid him 0. He went out and bought a TV, the biggest he could find. In recent years, hundreds of schools have carried out experiments with paying kids with cash for showing up or getting good grades. All school kids admire this trend. But it upsets adults. Teachers say that we are rewarding kids for doing what they should be doing of their own will. Psychologists warn thay money can actually make kids perform worse by making the act of learning cheap. The debate has become a typical battle over why our kids are not learning at the rate they should despite decades of reform and budget increases.
A summary is a short passage
giving the main points of an original article.
What’s the most important thing in an argumentative essay?
The view of the author.
How to get the main ideas of an argumentative essay? 论点 + 论据 首段/尾段 topic sentences of each paragraph
Steps for writing a summary(步骤) Read the passage for overall Read content (通读全文领略大意). Find Rewrite Reread carefully, find out the topic sentences. Write in our own words. In our final draft, insert transitional words and phrases where necessary. (用连词连接 各部分)0
1)According to the passage, we know... 2) The passage mainly tells us that +句子... 3) The writer states that… 4) The author thinks\ argues… 5) The author points out that …
Task 1: Write a summary of Passage1
Let’s have a try!
Read Passage 1& find out the topic sentence in each paragraph
It goes without saying that everyone has his own interest. For instance, some people are interested in stamp collecting, while others are fond of fishing. Some people prefer shopping. Others, on the other hand, have a liking for sports. To develop your interest will help you make way in the world. If you have a strong taste for something, you will find it enjoyable to have it done. For example, if you like to become a teacher and work hard toward this purpose, you will certainly make yourself a successful one. If you cultivate your various kinds of interest properly, you will probably find it easier to find a job or a profession. Sometimes, however, you have to give up your interest for one thing or another. If your interest seriously interferes(干扰)your work or study, you have to think of giving it up; if you have a family and still have too much interest in watching TV, you have to stop doing so, so that you can help with housework or spend sometime taking care of your lovely child.
Task 2： Step1 Find out the topic sentences of Passage 1 Para.1. Everyone has his own interest. Para.2. To develop your interest will help you make way in the world. Para3. you have to give up your interest for one thing or another.
Is it OK for us to combine these topic sentences to form the summary of the passage?
No. We should write in our own words.
Step2: Rewrite the sentence in your own words. (用同义词、 同源词或转换句式) Para.1. everyone has his own interest. everyone has an interest of his own Para2. To develop your interest will help you make way in the world. succeed替换make way Para3. you have to give up your interest for one thing or another. for some reason替换for one thing or another” 把主动语态you have to give up your interest改为被动语态。
Step3: Add some conjunctional words (衔接词) A Possible Version: The author points out that everyone
has an interest of his own and
developing an interest properly will
help you succeed. But on some
occasions, your interest has to be
given up for some reason. (35 words)
Task 3: Write a summary of Passage 2
Let’s have a try again!
Read Passage 2 and write a summary
Getting up early has been regarded as a good habit since ancient times．Many years ago, people thought that if we went to bed early and got up early, we would be energetic the whole day．So, getting up early is of great importance to us all． In fact, morning is the best time of a day．In the morning, the air is the freshest and people are usually in the best conditions．Many of us may have the experiences that we memorize some things more quickly and accurately in the morning than at any other time of the day．If we do some morning exercise or only take a short walk in the morning, we can build our bodies and become much healthier．Also we will have enough time to make a plan and get ready for our work or study of the day if we get up early．However, if we get up late, we'll probably have to do everything in a great hurry． Let us remember getting up early is a good habit and try our best to keep it．If we stick to getting up early every day, we will certainly benefit a lot from it．
Attention: also, moreover, What’s more, besides…
Find out the topic sentences of Passage2
Para.1. Getting up early has been regarded as a good habit. Getting up early is a good habit. ①we memorize some things more quickly Para.2. and accurately. We have a better memory. para.3 ②build our bodies and become much healthier. healthier body ③get ready for our work or study of the day. better preparation for the day
A Possible Version:
The passage tells us that getting up early in the morning is a good habit that will benefit us a lot. It enables us to have a better memory, healthier body and better preparation for the day．
suggestions What should you pay attention to when writing a summary? 1. Omit examples, specific, and minor supports. 2. Do not include your own opinion, but be sure to use our own words. 3. Write it in the third person .（第三人称）
Body writing 【写作内容】 2．然后以约120个词就“早起还是晚起好” 这个主题发表你的看法，并包括以下要点： （1）你是喜欢早起还是晚起，结合自己学 习或生活的例子，说明你喜欢这样做的理 由： （2）你的父母或教师有何建议： （3）你如何看待他们的建议。
正文部分： 1. 按要点顺序翻译 2. 通过回答要点, 写好主题句 1) I totally agree with the author. / I just can't possibly agree with that． (examples) 2) My parents are pleased with my good habit． 3) I think what my parents say is right. 3. 使用过渡句
1)I do agree with the author… 2)I quite/totally agree with the writer. 3)I’m for the writer’s idea that…. 4)I can’t agree with what the writer said. 5)I share the same idea with the writer. 6)I fully agree with the statement that 7)I fully support the statement above because I am very sure…
表示反对的句型： 1). I don’t agree with the writer. 2). I’m strongly against the writer’s idea. 3). I partly agree with what the writer said. 4). In some way, I agree with…, but… 5) What the writer said sounds reasonable, but…
表达自己观点的句型： ： (1)In my opinion, … (2)As far as I am concerned,… (3)As for me,… (4)From my personal angle alone… (5)From my personal point of view… (6)According to my experience, I think that…
说明理由的句型： ⑴The main reason is...what is more，....Thirdly，....As a result，... ⑵ ...mainly because... In addition，... ⑶ For one thing...；and for another...， 结论，注意前后呼应 总结句开头语 In conclusion,… In short,… To make a long story short,… In general,… In a word,… All in all,…
（一）审读阅读材料 （二）概括原文观点 （三）提出自己观点 [赞成或反对] （四）论证自己观点 [用事例论证自己的观点] （五） 得出结论
1.品味高二英语议论文概括及写作练 习，分析议论文写作方法与技巧。 2.熟记常用句型。 3.作文：完成passage3
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