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unit2 Olympic games 词汇学案


Unit 2 The Olympic Games 词汇学案
1 compete Vi 比赛;竞争;对抗
【用法指南】

compete in (a game, a match) 在-----方面竞争;参加 compete for 为------ 而竞争 compete with / against 与-----竞争 compete with

/ against sb. for sth. 为得到某物与某人竞争;因…而与某人竞争 eg: 1) I think you should compete _______ the monitor. 2) Will you compete ________Tom________ the swimming race(比赛)?
【高手过招 】 用方框内所给短语的适当形式填空

(compete with/compete against/compete for/compete in ) ① It’s difficult for small markets to ______________big ones. ② Will you _____________ the 100-metre race? ③ The two athletes will ________________ the gold medal(金牌). 【拓展】 : competition n.比赛;竞争 competitor n.比赛者;竞争者 competitive adj.竞争的;有竞争力的 2. take part in 参加 eg: Mr. Black took part in our conversation(谈话) They organized a discussion(讨论),but I didn’t take part . 辨析 : take part in, join, join in , attend (1) take part in : 指参加会议或群众性活动等,重在说明主语参加该项活动并在其
中发挥一定的作用。 (2) ___________: 指参加正在进行的活动,如参加竞赛、娱乐、谈话等。 (3)____________: 通常指参加某组织或团体,并成为其中的一员。 (4)____________: 指参加会议或婚礼、典礼或上课、上学、听报告等. 【高手过招 】 选词填空(join/join in/take part in/attend)

① —How many countries ____________the Olympic Games in Athens? —202.

必修二 Unit 2 The Olympic Games 词汇学案 41

② The famous professor (教授)will come to give us a lecture(演讲). Will you go to ___________it ? ③ His brother ___________ the army three years ago. ④ May I __________ your game? 代表;象征

3 .stand for 联想拓展 stand by stand by sb. stand out

eg: What does EU stand for? EU 代表什么?

袖手旁观;无动于衷 支持;站在……一边 显眼;突出

【高手过招 】 完成句子

1) Don’t just ___________ . You can do something to help. 2) His red hair made him ___________ in the crowd. 3) The letters UN ___________(代表) United Nations.

4. admit v. (1)允许(人/ 物)进入;让…进入 【用法指南】? admit sb to/ into 允许某人进入 =sb be admitted into ? be admitted as … 作为…被接受(后接表示成员的名词) eg: 1) The lady opened the door and admitted me into the house. 2) Only one hundred boys ______________ ____(招收)the school every year. 3) He __________________(被接受受为)a member of the Party last month. (2) 承认,供认 【用法指南】:? admit sth 承认某事 ? admit doing / havingdone sth 承认做过某事 eg: 1) He admitted his guilty(罪行) 2) Will you admit having broken the window?

必修二 Unit 2 The Olympic Games 词汇学案 42

5. as well 和 as well as 也 ,还 试比较 I can swim as well. He speaks Spanish and English as well as French. 总结:as well 用于____________相当于 too,either as well as 用于____________ 【高手过招 】 I heard that the famous player________his coach (教练)would come to our school for a visit. I heard the news________.
A.and;too B. as well as;as well C.as well as;as well as D.with;either

6. host n 主人,(男)主持人,主办方 Vt 做主人,主办 ,招待 (1) n. eg: 1) He acted as host to his father's friends. 他当主人款待父亲的朋友。 2) China is the host country of the 29th Olympic Games。此处 host 意为____ (2)Vt. eg: 1) He is willing to host the visitors. 此处 host 意为_________ 2) London will host the 30th Olympic Games in 2012. 此处 host 意为
_________

【拓展】

hostess 女主人 ,(女)主持人

7 replace. 代替;取代;替换 【用法指南】 replace sth./sb = take the place of--------代替;取代……

replace sb./sth. with/by = sb/sth be replaced by 用……替换,以……接替 eg: 1) We can replace sugar by honey. 2) Can anything replace a mother's love?
必修二 Unit 2 The Olympic Games 词汇学案 43

3)Teachers will never be replaced by computers in the classroom. 课堂上
电脑永远不会取代老师。

【拓展 】replacement 替换品,替换物[C] 【高手过招 】 用适当的介词填空 1)He replaced the old tyre ________ a new one . 2)He came here by bus instead ____ by train . 3)Can you take the place _____ Jack in the team ?
课后练习

一 选择下列词的适当形式填空 (host, admit , compete ,as well , stand for , replace) 1 If you leave the club,you will not be________back in. 2 John is ill and I want to know who is going to ____________him. 3 Rio de Janeiro (里约热内卢)will be _________ of the 2016 Olympic Games . 4 Yao Ming is good at playing basketball and he does well in learning foreign languages ____________ 5 The two teams will ____________for the championship (冠军) 6 Do you know what the letter MBA _____________

二. 根据首字母填写单词 (非粗体单词) 1. Many s_______ will be built for the Olympics. 2. He was given a m________ for his 40 years’ teaching. 3. We Chinese successfully h______ the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008. 4. The first Olympic Games began in a______ Greece. 5. N________ many people travel by air.

必修二 Unit 2 The Olympic Games 词汇学案 44


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