Unit 2 The Olympic Games 词汇学案
1 compete Vi 比赛；竞争；对抗
compete in (a game, a match) 在-----方面竞争；参加 compete for 为------ 而竞争 compete with / against 与-----竞争 compete with
/ against sb. for sth. 为得到某物与某人竞争；因…而与某人竞争 eg: 1) I think you should compete _______ the monitor. 2) Will you compete ________Tom________ the swimming race(比赛)?
【高手过招 】 用方框内所给短语的适当形式填空
(compete with/compete against/compete for/compete in ) ① It’s difficult for small markets to ______________big ones. ② Will you _____________ the 100-metre race? ③ The two athletes will ________________ the gold medal（金牌）. 【拓展】 ： competition n.比赛；竞争 competitor n.比赛者;竞争者 competitive adj.竞争的;有竞争力的 2. take part in 参加 eg: Mr. Black took part in our conversation（谈话） They organized a discussion(讨论),but I didn’t take part . 辨析 ： take part in, join, join in , attend (1) take part in : 指参加会议或群众性活动等，重在说明主语参加该项活动并在其
中发挥一定的作用。 （2） ___________: 指参加正在进行的活动，如参加竞赛、娱乐、谈话等。 （3）____________: 通常指参加某组织或团体，并成为其中的一员。 （4）____________: 指参加会议或婚礼、典礼或上课、上学、听报告等. 【高手过招 】 选词填空(join/join in/take part in/attend)
① —How many countries ____________the Olympic Games in Athens? —202.
必修二 Unit 2 The Olympic Games 词汇学案 41
② The famous professor (教授)will come to give us a lecture（演讲）. Will you go to ___________it ? ③ His brother ___________ the army three years ago. ④ May I __________ your game? 代表；象征
3 .stand for 联想拓展 stand by stand by sb. stand out
eg: What does EU stand for? EU 代表什么？
袖手旁观；无动于衷 支持；站在……一边 显眼；突出
【高手过招 】 完成句子
1) Don’t just ___________ . You can do something to help. 2) His red hair made him ___________ in the crowd. 3) The letters UN ___________（代表） United Nations.
4. admit v. (1)允许（人/ 物）进入；让…进入 【用法指南】? admit sb to/ into 允许某人进入 =sb be admitted into ? be admitted as … 作为…被接受（后接表示成员的名词） eg: 1) The lady opened the door and admitted me into the house. 2) Only one hundred boys ______________ ____（招收）the school every year. 3) He __________________(被接受受为)a member of the Party last month. (2) 承认，供认 【用法指南】：? admit sth 承认某事 ? admit doing / havingdone sth 承认做过某事 eg: 1) He admitted his guilty（罪行） 2) Will you admit having broken the window?
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5. as well 和 as well as 也 ，还 试比较 I can swim as well. He speaks Spanish and English as well as French. 总结：as well 用于____________相当于 too，either as well as 用于____________ 【高手过招 】 I heard that the famous player________his coach （教练）would come to our school for a visit. I heard the news________.
A．and；too B. as well as；as well C．as well as；as well as D．with；either
6. host n 主人，（男）主持人，主办方 Vt 做主人，主办 ，招待 (1) n. eg: 1) He acted as host to his father's friends. 他当主人款待父亲的朋友。 2) China is the host country of the 29th Olympic Games。此处 host 意为____ （2）Vt. eg: 1) He is willing to host the visitors. 此处 host 意为_________ 2) London will host the 30th Olympic Games in 2012. 此处 host 意为
hostess 女主人 ,(女)主持人
7 replace. 代替；取代；替换 【用法指南】 replace sth./sb = take the place of--------代替；取代……
replace sb./sth. with/by = sb/sth be replaced by 用……替换，以……接替 eg: 1) We can replace sugar by honey. 2) Can anything replace a mother's love?
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3)Teachers will never be replaced by computers in the classroom. 课堂上
【拓展 】replacement 替换品，替换物[C] 【高手过招 】 用适当的介词填空 1）He replaced the old tyre ________ a new one . 2）He came here by bus instead ____ by train . 3）Can you take the place _____ Jack in the team ?
一 选择下列词的适当形式填空 （host, admit , compete ，as well , stand for , replace） 1 If you leave the club，you will not be________back in. 2 John is ill and I want to know who is going to ____________him. 3 Rio de Janeiro (里约热内卢)will be _________ of the 2016 Olympic Games . 4 Yao Ming is good at playing basketball and he does well in learning foreign languages ____________ 5 The two teams will ____________for the championship (冠军) 6 Do you know what the letter MBA _____________
二. 根据首字母填写单词 （非粗体单词） 1. Many s_______ will be built for the Olympics. 2. He was given a m________ for his 40 years’ teaching. 3. We Chinese successfully h______ the Beijing Olympic Games in 2008. 4. The first Olympic Games began in a______ Greece. 5. N________ many people travel by air.
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