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新人教版 英语必修一 Unit 3 Travel journal 语言点 language points


Unit 3 Travel journal
Reading Language points

Language points
1. Since middle school, my sister Wang Wei and I have dreamed about taking a great bike trip.

从中学起, 我姐姐王薇和我梦想作一
次了不起的自行车旅行。

dream about = dream of 梦见, 梦想
My younger brother dreams of

becoming a spaceman. He always dreams about traveling
around the world. 注意 dream dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt

2. Then she persuade me to buy one.
然后她动员我也买了一辆.

persuade vt.说服; 劝服; vi.被说服
sb. sb. of sth. 使某人相信某事 persuade sb. that clause sb. (not) to do sth. sb. into / out of doing sth. Bear them in your mind!

Compare !
persuade sb. to do sth.
= persuade sb into doing sth.

persuade sb. not to do sth.
= persuade sb out of doing sth.

e.g. I persuaded him to do it.
= persuade him into doing it.

我已说服他做这件事。

注意
如果“劝说”不服, 不能直接用

persuade, 而应用try to persuade或
advise, 或者用persuade的否定式。 e.g. Some of us advised him to change his mind but no one could persuade him to do so.

实例 1. I __ him not to smoke, but he didn’t think it necessary. A. persuaded B. advised C. hoped D. suggested 2. I was able at last to ____ my mother to follow my advice. A. suggest B. advise C. persuade D. leave off

3. Finally/at last/in the end
finally 一般指一系列事物或论点的顺序的最后项 内容,或用在动词前,表示“等了好久……才”,没 有感情色彩. at last只能指时间位置,不能指时间顺序,在意思上 是指经过周折、等待、耽搁到”最后、终于” (出现所期待的结果),常常带有较浓厚的感情色彩. in the end可与at last和finally通用. 但若出现了非期待中的结果,用in the end, 还可以用于预卜未来。

1) They talked about it for hours.

Finally they decided not to go. _______
2)The children arrived home

_________________after the storm. at last/in the end
3) My dream will come true_________. in the end 4) The war lasted four years before the North won _______________. in the end/ at last 5) Your idea will turn out right in the end _________. 6)Finally I want to thank you for helping me. ______,

4. It was my sister who first had the idea to cycle
along the Mekong River from where it begins to

where it ends.
是我姐姐首先想到骑自行车沿湄公河从它的

源头行走到入海口。
这是一个强调句。

强调句的结构是:

It was/is+强调成分+that-/who-分句

如果强调的部分是人,可用who,也可用 that, 强调其他成分与内容都用that。 注意 强调时间和地点不能用when或where, 只用that。 e. g. It was in Shanghai that I saw the film. (强调地点状语) 我看这部电影是在上海。

All the members held a meeting in the club yesterday.

all the members that/who held a meeting in the club yesterday. (强调主语, was不能换用were) It was

a meeting that all the members
held in the club yesterday.

(强调宾语a meeting)

All the members held a meeting in the club yesterday.

in the club that all the members

held a meeting yesterday. It was yesterday that all the members held a meeting in the club. (强调时间状语that不可换用 where)
(强调地点状语,that不可换用 where)

All the members held a meeting in the

club yesterday.
根据上下文和语义意图,说话人可以通 过强调句分别强调主语, 宾语, 状语, 使

之成为信息中心。

All the members held a meeting in the club yesterday.

all the members that/who held a

meeting in the club yesterday.
(强调主语, was不能换用were) It was

a meeting that all the members
held in the club yesterday.

(强调宾语a meeting)

All the members held a meeting in the club yesterday.

in the club that all the members

held a meeting yesterday.
(强调地点状语,that不可换用 where) It was

yesterday that all the members held a meeting in the club. (强调时间状语that不可换用 where)

我们第一次见面是在乔林中学。
We met the first time at Qiaolin Middle School. It was at Qiaolin Middle School that we met the first time.

5. Although she didn’t know the best way of getting get to places, she insisted that we find the sources of the river and begin our journey there. 尽管她不知道旅行的最佳方式, 她坚决 主张我们找到河流的源头并在那里开 始旅程。

although, though引导让步状语从句不 能再和but, and, however连用, 但可以 和副词yet, still连用。
although从句多放在句首, though从句 可在主句前,中,后任何位置,而且 though可以作副词用于句末,作 “但 是,不过”讲,而although无此用法。

insist : declare firmly 坚持认为,坚持主张 1) insist on/upon one’s doing sth 坚持做, 坚决做 e.g. I insisted on/upon his coming with us. 2) insist that +从句坚持说(后表示一个事 实), 后接的从句用陈述语气, 既按需要 选择时态。

e.g. He insisted that he hadn’t stolen the girl’s handbag. 3) insist that sb. (should) do sth. 坚决 主张做某事, 后接的宾语从句常用虚 拟语气, 既 “should +v.” e.g. Mary was ill. Her parents insisted that she (should) see a doctor.

6. My sister doesn’t care about details.
我姐姐是不会考虑细节的。

care about : be worried about 忧虑,
关心 e.g. He doesn’t care much about what happens to me.

care for sb/sth : look after, love or like
希望, 喜欢, 照顾

1) Would you care for a drink?
2) He cares for her deeply. 3) Who will care for your child if you are out?

7. She gave me a determined look –the kind that she wouldn’t change her mind. 她坚定地看了我一眼----这眼神表明她 不会改变主意。 determine v. 决定, 下定决心, 确定 1) determine to do sth. e.g. He determined to learn French.

2) determine +从句 e.g. She determined that she would never see him again. 3) determine +疑问词+ to do

e.g. Have you determined where to spend
the holiday next week?

determined adj. 坚决的, 有决心的

be determined to do sth. 决心做
e.g. She was determined to go to

university.
change one’s mind 改变某人的主意

e.g. No matter what you say, I won’t
change my mind.

make up one’s mind 下定决心 read one’s mind 看出某人的心思 speak one’s mind 直言不讳 give/ put one’s mind 专心于

keep…in mind 记住

8. When I told her that our journey would begin at an altitude of more than 5000 meters, she seemed to be excited about it. 当我告诉她我们将 在海拔5000米处开始旅程, 她好像 对此很兴奋。 at an altitude of = at a height of 在海拔……米处

e.g. The plane is flying at a height /

altitude of 10,000 feet.
注意

at 在此处表 “在……处/时,
以……”后接年龄, 速度, 长

宽深高, 价格, 费用等

at the age of at a high / low price at a depth/width of at the cost of at a distance of

9. When I told her the air would be hard to breath and it would be very cold… 当我告诉她将呼吸困难, 天气严寒…… 主语 + be + adj.+ to do sth. 是一常用句 式既不定式用主动形式表达被动含义 e.g. The problem is really hard to work out. My boss is easy to deal with.

10. Finally, I had to give in. 最后, 我只好让步。 give in (to sb./sth.) 屈服于, 让步, 递交 e.g. He had to give in to my views. It’s time you gave in your papers. give up 放弃, 认输 give out 筋疲力尽;分配 give away 捐赠, 泄露

练一练
1) After the long trip, both the men and the horses ________. gave out 2) Because of his small salary, he had to gave up his dream trip to Europe. _______ 3) Seeing that he could not persuade me, he had to ___________ my view. gave in to

4) He gave awaymost of his fortune to the poor. _________ 5) Please keep the secret, don’t gave it _____. ____ away

11. It becomes rapids as it passes
through deep valleys, traveling

across western Yunnan Province.
穿过深谷流经云南省西部时它变成

急流. across prep. 穿过 through

辨析:
across 常表示从一定范围的一边

到另一边或事物交叉位置, “横穿,
横跨” 表面, 含义与on 有关 through 表达两边穿过或穿过空间 内部, 含义与in 有关 over表示 “越过” 是指越过较高

的物体从一侧到另一侧

e.g. She swam across the river. The river flows through the city from west to east. Walk across the square and go through the gate, then you’ll come to the cafe. The thief climbed over the wall and ran away.

Homework
Try to retell the reading in the third person. Prepare for Learning about language.


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