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【2014年备考】2013版高中英语全程复习课件:必修5 Unit 4 Making the news(人教版)


Unit 4 Making the news

制作新闻

Ⅰ. 单词盘点 根据词性和汉语意思写出词汇 eager 1. ______ (adj. ) acquire 2. _______ (vt. ) assess 3. ______ (vt. ) inform 4. _______ (vt. ) 渴望的;热切的 获得;取得;学到 评估

;评定 告知;通知

meanwhile 5. __________ (adv. ) case 6. ____ (n. )

其间;同时 情况;病例;案例 指责;谴责;控告 需求;要求 强烈要求 精确的;正确的 加工;处理 过程;程序;步骤

accuse 7. ______ (vt. )
demand 8. _______ (n. ) (vt. ) accurate 9. ________ (adj. )

process 10. _______ (vt. )
(n. )

photographer photograph 11. __________ (n. )照片 (vt. )给??照相→_____________ (n. )摄 影师 delight delighted 12. _________ (adj. )快乐的;欣喜的→_______ (n. )快乐, 高兴; (vt. )使高兴,使愉快 admirable admire 13. _________ (adj. )值得赞扬的;令人钦佩的→_______ (vt. )钦 佩,羡慕 assistance assist 14. _____ (vt. )帮助;协助;援助→ _________ (n. )帮助;协助

assistant → ________ (n. )助手;助理;售货员

professional profession 15. _________ (n. )职业;专业→ ___________ (adj. )专业的;职业 的( n. )专业人员 concentrate concentration 16. ___________ (vi. & vt. )集中;聚集→_____________ (n. )集中 technically technical 17. ________ (adj. )技术(上)的;技巧方面的→ _________ (adv. ) 技术上;工艺上

approval approve 18. _______ (vt. )赞成;认可;批准→________ (n. )赞许,赞成,
同意

【品词自测】根据所给词的适当形式填空

delighted delight ①Much to my _______, the little girl seemed _________ at the
performance. (delight) ②We went to the gallery last weekend and all the artists are very admirable _________ . In other words, we admired the artists for their _______

admirable _________ skills. (admire) assistant assisted ③As an ________, he _______ the professor with the experiment.
assistance And his _________ made the experiment easier to do. (assist)

Ⅱ. 短语回放 1. 集中;全神贯注于 2. 依靠;依赖 3. 因??指责或控告?? 4. 为了(做)?? 5. 在??前面 concentrate on ______________

depend on __________
accuse. . . of ___________ so as to (do sth. ) _______________ ahead of _________

6. 对??有敏感的嗅觉
7. 通知某人某事 8. 记住 9. 被制成?? 10. 约会,预约 11. 应该;本应

have a nose for ______________ inform sb. of sth. _______________ keep sth. in mind ________________ be processed into _______________ make an appointment ____________________ be supposed to _____________

Ⅲ. 句式扫描
Never will 1. __________ (永远不) Zhou Yang(ZY) forget his first assignment at the office of a popular English newspaper. was to strongly 2. His discussion with his new boss, Hu Xin (HX), _____________ influence ________ (将会产生重要影响) his life as a journalist. Not only am I interested in 3. _______________________ (我不仅对??感兴趣) photography, but I took an amateur course at university to update my skills.

4. Have you ever had a case where (这一种情况)someone accused ___________ your journalists of getting the wrong end of the stick? how the story goes 5. This is _________________ (故事如何发展的). 6. A footballer was accused of taking money for deliberately not so as to let the other team win scoring goals __________________________(为了让另一队赢 球).

【仿句自测】根据下面句式仿写句子 ①not only. . . but (also). . . 连接的并列句 仿写: 她不仅工作出色, 还乐于助人。 Not only does she do well in her job, but she is always ready to help others. ②so as to do作目的状语

仿写:他大声说话,以便让人听到。
He spoke loudly so as to be heard.

核 心 要 点

meanwhile
depend on 部分倒装

三年2考
三年1考 三年7考

1. assist vt. 帮助;协助; 援助

(1)assist sb. to do sth.
assist sb. in/with sth.

帮助某人做某事
帮助某人某事

assist sb. in doing sth.
(2)assistance n.

帮助某人做某事
帮助, 援助

(3)assistant adj.
n.

副的;辅助的;助理的
助手, 营业员

①Could you assist me with those parcels?

你能否帮我拿那些包裹?
②My father assisted us in building our new house. assisted to build =My father _______ us __ _____ our new house. 我父亲帮助我们盖新房子。

【拓展】翻译以下短语 give/lend assistance to sb. afford/offer assistance come to one’s assistance 给某人提供帮助 _______________

提供援助 __________
帮助某人 __________

2. inform vt. 告知;通知 (1)inform sb. of/about sth. 告知某人某事

inform sb. (that/wh-). . .
inform oneself of sth.

通知某人??
了解,熟悉某事

(2)informed adj.
keep sb. informed

了解情况的;见识广的
使某人了解情况

①You ought to inform the police about/of that man who’s been hiding in the bushes outside your gate. 那人一直藏在你门外的矮树丛中, 你应该把这情况告诉警察。

②Can you inform me when to begin our final examination?
你能告诉我什么时候开始我们的期末考试吗?

(句型转换) ③The old man let her know the matter yesterday. informed of =The old man _________ her __ the matter yesterday. ④The Internet lets us know the latest news every day. informed of /about =The Internet keeps us ________ ________ the latest news every day.

3. meanwhile adv. 此时;同时;其间 n. 同时(=meantime) in the meanwhile在此期间(=in the meantime) ①Meanwhile, two other actors had carried two large food

baskets to a shady spot under some trees. 与此同时, 另外两位演员把两个盛着食物的大篮子拿到树下阴

凉的地方。
②In the meanwhile I’ll visit an old friend of mine. 在这期间我将去拜访我的一位老朋友。

【真题链接】 ①[2010辽宁,23]Jim went to answer the phone. _______,

Harry started to prepare lunch.
A. However C. Besides B. Nevertheless D. Meanwhile

【解析】选D。句意:吉姆去接电话,与此同时,哈里开始准 备午餐。考查副词的用法。前后两个句子是相同的语意关系, 在时间上表示同时,所以用meanwhile。

②[2009浙江,5] The incomes of skilled workers went up. _______, unskilled workers saw their earnings fall. A. Moreover B. Therefore

C. Meanwhile

D. Otherwise

【解析】选C。考查副词的用法。句意:熟练工人的收入增加

了。与此同时,非熟练工人发现他们的收入下降了。该题前后
两句话之间是对比关系,所以正确答案为C。

4. demand vt. 强烈要求

n. 需求;要求
(1) demand sth. demand to do sth. demand of sb. to do sth. demand sth. of sb. 要求??,需要?? 要求干?? 要求某人干某事 要求某人某事

demand+that从句

要求(谓语动词用虚拟语气 should
+动词原形)

(2)in (great) demand satisfy/meet one’s demands

(迫切)需求 满足某人的需求

① The work demands your attention without delay. 这项工作要求你立刻关注。 ②He demands that he (should) be told everything. (句型转换) to __ told =He demands __ be ____ everything. in great demand ③Her books are __ _____ ________ at the moment. 目前她的书非常畅销。

【点津】 demand的主语是物时,常用demand doing 或demand to be

done结构。require, want, need, deserve 等词都有此用法。

5. approve v. 赞成;认可;批准
(1)approve sth. 通过、批准某事

approve of sth. / sb.
approve of one’s doing sth. (2)approval n. give one’s approval to with approval of. . .

赞同、赞成??
允许某人做某事

批准, 认可, 同意, 赞同 批准 经??的批准

approve __ my leaving school ①He doesn’t ________ of ____ _______ ______ this year.
他不同意我今年离校。 ②The minister approved the building plan. 部长批准了该建筑计划。 ③I can’t give my approval to such an agreement. 我不赞成这样的协议。

6. concentrate on 集中;全神贯注于

concentrate on sth.

全神贯注于某事, 精神集中于某事

concentrate (sth. ) on (doing) sth.

集中于;专心于??
concentrate one’s attention/efforts/thoughts on. . .

把注意力/努力/思想集中到??
be concentrated on/upon sth.

集中于,专心于

①I can’t concentrate on my study with that noise going on. 吵闹声不绝于耳, 我无法集中精力学习。 ②This firm concentrates on the European market. 这家公司把工作重点集中在欧洲市场。 concentrate on ③We must ___________ our efforts ___ improving education. 我们必须致力于改进教育工作。

【想一想】你知道还有哪些词组也可以表示“专心”吗? 【拓展延伸】 focus/fix one’s attention on put one’s mind/heart in apply oneself/one’s mind to be absorbed in/be lost in devote oneself to sth. /doing sth. pay attention to 集中注意力于?? 专心于?? 专心于?? 全神贯注于?? 致力于?? 专心于??,注意??

7. depend on 依靠,依赖,相信 depend on /upon+n. depend on/upon sb. to do depend on/upon it that. . . 依靠,依赖,相信 指望某人做?? 指望??

That (all) depends. / It (all) depends. (口语)视情况而定 同义词:rely on/count on

①He depends on you to help him.
他指望着你帮助他。

② It depends on the weather whether we can go out for a picnic.
我们是否去野餐取决于天气。

③— Can you finish the work before Sunday? ——你可以在星期天之前完成这项工作吗? It/That all depends. — __________________ ——这要看情况而定。 depend on it that ④ You may ______ __ __ ____ she will help you. 你可以相信她会帮助你的。

8. accuse. . . of 因??指责或控告??
①The man was accused of murder. 这个人被指控谋杀。 ②I don’t think anyone can accuse me of not being frank. 我想任何人都不能指责我不坦率。

【辨析】理解下列区别并选词填空
作“指控,控告”讲时,常与介词of连用,构 accuse 成accuse sb. of sth. 作“指控,控告”讲时,与with连用,构成 charge charge sb. with sth.

charged ③He was _______ with cheating in the examination.
accused =He was _______ of cheating in the examination.

9. Never will Zhou Yang(ZY) forget his first assignment at the
office of a popular English newspaper. 周阳永远不会忘记他在 一家知名的英语报社第一天上班的工作任务。 否定词never等置于句首,句子要用部分倒装,即把谓语的一 部分 (助动词、情态动词或be动词) 置于主语之前。

①Never will I break my promise.
我永远不会违背我许下的诺言。

②Seldom does __ ___ home. 他很少回家。 ____ he go

【想一想】置于句首能引起部分倒装结构的具有否定或半否定

意义的副词、介词短语还有哪些?
【拓展延伸】 置于句首能引起部分倒装结构的具有否定或半否定意义的副词、 介词短语还有little, few, not, no, seldom, nowhere, hardly, scarcely, barely, in no way, at no time, in no case, by no

means 等。

10. His discussion with his new boss, Hu Xin(HX), was to
strongly influence his life as a journalist. 他与新上司胡昕的讨论对他的记者生涯必将产生强烈的影响。

“be to+动词原形”的常见用法:

(1)表示“按计划、安排即将发生某事或打算做某事”。
(2)指该做或不该做的事情(语气上接近于should, must, ought

to, have to),表示命令、吩咐或禁止的语气。
(3)表示不可避免将要发生的事情,后来注定要发生的事情。 (4)用于条件从句,意为“如果想??,设想”(接近if. . . want to/if. . . should)。

①Every member of the party was to pay his own expense.
参加晚会的所有人费用自理。(吩咐,命令) ②They are to be married. 他们打算结婚。(意图)

are __ succeed ③If you ___ to _______, you have to make more efforts. 如果你
想成功的话,你必须更加努力。

【真题链接】
[2010新课标全国卷, 32]The discovery of gold in Australia led thousands to believe that a fortune _______. A. is made C. was to be made B. would make D. had made

【解析】选C。考查谓语动词的时态和语态。句意:在澳洲发 现金矿,这件事使得成千上万的人相信他们一定会发大财。

make a fortune“发财”,此处应该用被动式,排除B项和D项。
根据句中谓语动词用的过去时态led排除A项。be to do表示 “注定会??,一定会??”。符合句意。

(1)be supposed to do sth. “被期望,应该;获准”的使用
(2)not only. . . but (also)在语境中的具体应用

(3)so as to 与in order to的辨析使用
(4)delight以及形容词的灵活运用

1. _______ prevent himself from harm, he _______ being made use of by his manager. A. So as to;refused B. In order to;denied

C. In order to;refused

D. So as to;denied

【解析】选B。句意:为了使自己不受伤害,他否认被经理利

用。因为so as to不可位于句首,in order to可位于句首,refuse
后跟不定式,deny后跟动名词,所以只有B项符合要求。

2. _______ at her success, her parents took her to an expensive restaurant to celebrate. A. To delight C. Delighted B. To be delighted D. Delighting

【解析】选C。句意:由于对她的成功非常高兴,她的父母带 她去了一家昂贵的餐厅庆祝。Delighted at her success 为分词 短语作状语。由于描述的是 “她的父母”的状态,应用 delighted 。

3. Not only _______ interested in football but _______ beginning to show an interest in it. A. the teacher himself is;all his students are B. the teacher himself is;are all his students

C. is the teacher himself;are all his students
D. is the teacher himself;all his students are

【解析】选D。not only. . . but (also). . . 在连接两个句子的时候,
not only置于句首时,其所在分句要用倒装语序, but (also)分句 仍用陈述语序。

4. 完成句子 supposed to have come ①He is ____________________ to the meeting now. 他现在本该已到会了(但他没来)。 are not supposed to ②You _________________ walk on the grass. 不准践踏草地。


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