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高中英语必修三 Unit 3 The Million Pound Bank Note


Unit 3
词语 辨析 1. scene / sight / view / scenery 1. believe vt.&vi.相信; 认为

The Million Pound Bank Note
2. permit / allow / let 3. scream / shout

单元要点预览(旨在让同学整

体了解本单元要点)

belief n. 相信,信念, believable adj.可相信的 信仰 unbelievable adj.难以置 信的 survival n.幸存,幸存 者,残存物 permission n. 允许, 许 可,准许 patient adj. 有耐心的 rudely adv. 粗鲁地; 粗略地 presence n.出席,到场 adventurous adj.冒险 的,惊险的 adventurer n.冒险者 impatient adj. 不耐烦的 rudeness n.粗鲁, 不礼貌 survivor n.未死的人; 残 存者

2. survive vi.幸存,继续存 在 vt.幸免于;挺过来 词形 变化 3. permit v. 允许 n.许可证,执照 4. patience n. 忍耐,耐心 5. rude adj.粗鲁的,不礼貌 的 6. present adj. 出席的 词 汇 部 分 重点 单词 7. adventure n. 奇遇;冒险

重点 词组

1. bet n.&v. 赌;打赌;赌钱 2. fault n. 缺点;错误,过错;故障 vt.挑剔,指责 3. spot vt. 发现;认出 n. 污点;斑点;地点 4. passage n. 通道; (书、讲话、音乐等的)一段,一节;通过,消逝;旅费 5. account n. 说明;理由;计算,账目 vi.&vt.认为;说明;解释总;计有 6. seek vt.&vi. (sought, sought) 寻找;探索;寻求 7. amount n.数(量);总额 vi.(to)合计;接近 8. bow [bau] vi.&vt. 鞠躬;弯腰 [b?u] n.[c] 弓,蝴蝶结;鞠躬 1. bring up 培养;抚养;养育或教育某人;提出;呕吐某物 2. go ahead 执行,进行,前进, (于祈使句)可以,往下说,用吧,开始吧 3. by accident 偶然;无意中 4. to be honest 老实说;说实话 5. on the contrary 与此相反;正相反[只作状语] 6. take a chance 冒险,碰运气 7. as for 至于,关于 1. Towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind. 2. The next morning I? d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. 3. You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like. 情态动词的两类重要用法:1.表示推测 2.征询意见(见语法部分)

重点句子

重点语法

语言要点(模块) Ⅰ.词语辨析 (旨在提供完形填空所需材料) 1. scene / sight / view / scenery 【解释】 scene 指某一处的自然风光 scenery(总称)自然景物,天然风光,是由多个 scenes 构成的自然风景。 sight 景象,风景,名胜,侧重值得看的事物或很难看的东西和很可笑的事物;视力/眼界 view 景色,风景,侧重从人所处的角度(从远处或高处)以眼所看到的景色。

【练习】根据句子意思用 scene,sight,view,scenery 的适当形式填空。 1). Guilin is famous for its beautiful _______. 2). The _______ is a perfect dream when you see the sun rising slowly in the east. 3). You can get a wonderful _______at the top of the tower. 4). The flowers are a lovely _______ in spring. 5). He began to lose his _______six years ago. Keys: 1). scenery 2). scene 3). view 4). sight 5). sight 2. permit / allow / let 【解释】 let 允许,让,常用于口语中,一般不用于被动语态。后接不带 to 的不定式作宾补。 permit 和 allow 意思相近,都表示“允许,准许”。permit 稍正式一些,多指上级对下级或长 辈对晚辈的准许,语气较强;allow 多指听任或不管教某人做某事。 常用句型 allow/permit sb. to do sth. be allowed/permitted to do sth. allow/permit doing sth. 【练习】根据句子意思用 permit,allow 或所给词的适当形式填空。 1). Students are not _________ to enter the Net Bar. 2). My mother wouldn? t let me _______ (go) to the film. 3). We don? t allow _______ (smoke) in our office. 4). Weather _______ (permit), we? ll go outing this weekend. Keys: 1). allowed/permitted 2). go 3). smoking 4). permitting 3. scream / shout 【解释】 scream 指因痛苦、恐惧、激动或生气而喊叫、尖叫,声音大而尖利,常与 to 连用 shout 指因愤怒或为引起注意而发出的声音,大喊,大叫,大声说话,常常与 at 连用 【练习】根据句子意思用 scream,shout 的适当形式填空。 1). There was a huge bang and people started _______. 2). Two women were _______ at each other outside the supermarket. 3). I had to _______ to make myself heard. 4). The fans _______ with excitement when they saw him. Keys: 1). screaming 2). shouting 3). shout 4). screamed Ⅱ. 词性变化(旨在提供语法填空所需材料) 1. believe vt.&vi.相信;认为 2. survive vi.幸存,继续存在 vt.幸免于;挺过来 3. permit v. 允许 n.许可证,执照 4. patience n. 忍耐,耐心 5. rude adj.粗鲁的,不礼貌的 6. present adj. 出席的 7. adventure n. 奇遇;冒险 belief n. 相信,信念,信仰 survival n.幸存,幸存者,残 存物 permission n. 允许,许 可,准许 patient adj. 有耐心的 rudely adv. 粗鲁地;粗略地 presence n.出席,到场 adventurous adj.冒险 的,惊险的 adventurer n.冒险者 impatient adj. 不耐烦的 rudeness n.粗鲁,不礼貌 believable adj. 可 相 信 的 unbelievable adj.难以置信的 survivor n.未死的人;残存者

【练习】用括号内所提供词的适当形式填空。 1). The principal? s ________ (present) at the party didn? t seem to be very welcome. 2). Finally he lost his ________ (patient) and started to yell at his mother. 3). It would be _______ (believe) that such an honest fellow should have betrayed his friends. 4). My husband loves ________ (adventure) life while I enjoy a more peaceful life. 5). He was punished for his _______ (rude) to his teacher.

6). They entered the area without. ________ (permit). 7) You cannot enter a military base without a _______ (permit). 8). The prisoners _________ (permit) two hours? exercise a day. 9). This grand park is a rare _________ (survive) from the eighteenth century. Keys: 1). presence 2). patience 3). unbelievable 4). adventurous 5). rudeness 6). permission 7). permit 8). are/were permitted 9). survivor Ⅲ.重点词汇(旨在提供词汇综合运用材料) 1. bet n. 赌;打赌 v. 打赌;赌钱 [典例] 1). He often bets a 1ot of money on horses. 他经常在赛马上豪赌。 2). I bet that it will rain tomorrow. 我敢肯定说明天一定会下雨。 [重点用法] bet on 为某事打赌 make a bet on 为某事打赌 win/lose a bet 打赌赢/输了 [练习] 按要求翻译。 1).We ______ ______ ______ ______ (打赌)the outcome of the next horse race. 2).他把所有的钱都用在赌马上。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). make a bet on 2). He spends all his money betting on horses. 2. fault n. 缺点;错误,过错;故障 vt.挑剔,指责 faulty adj.有缺点的;不完善的 faultless adj.不可挑剔的 [典例] 1). I like him despite his faults. 虽然他有种种缺点, 但我仍然喜欢他。 2). No one could fault his performance. 他的演出无懈可击。 [重点用法] find fault (with sb/sth) 找(某人/事物的)错/茬儿;埋怨(某人/事物) It? s one? s fault 是某人的过错 [练习] 按要求翻译或填空。 1). It was _______ _______ (他的过错) that we were late. 2). I have no fault to find _______ (介词) your work. 3). 她总是找我的茬儿。 ______________________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). his fault 2). with 3). She? s always finding fault with me. 3. spot vt. 发现;认出 n. 污点;斑点;地点 spotless adj. 没有斑点的,干净的 [典例] 1). She spotted her friend in the crowd. 她在人群中认出了她的朋友。 2). She was wearing a white skirt with red spots 她穿着一件白底红点儿的裙子。 3). This is the very spot where he was murdered. 他就是在这儿遭谋杀的。 [重点用法] spot sb. doing sth. 看到某人正在做某事 on the spot = on the scene 到(在)现场;当场 [练习] 用 spot 的短语或其适当形式填空。 1). The police ______ him driving a stolen car. 2). The police were ______ ______ ______ within a few minutes of my telephone call. 3). He keeps his house _______. Keys: 1). spotted 2). on the spot 3). spotless 4. passage n. 通道; (书、讲话、音乐等的)一段,一节;经过,通过,消逝;旅费 [典例] 1). They were denied passage through the occupied territory. 他们被禁止穿越占领区。 2). He worked his passage to Australia. 他在去澳大利亚旅行的船上做工偿付船费。

[重点用法] with the passage of time 随着时间的推移 [练习] 按要求翻译或填空。 1). Her confidence grew. _______ _______ (随着时间的推移) that we were late. 2). Several passages _______ (介词) the book were printed in a national newspaper before it was published. Keys: 1). with the passage of time 2). from 5. account n. 说明;理由;计算,账目 vi.&vt. 认为;说明;解释总;计有 [典例] 1). I? m going to the bank to open a new account. 我去银行开个新账户。 2). Bad weather accounted for the long delay. 长期的延缓是因为坏天气。 [重点用法] account for 导致;做出解释;总计有 on account of = because of 因为 open an account 在银行开个户头 keep an account of 记录,记载 take sth. into account/consideration 考虑到某事 [练习] 用 account 的短语填空。 1). The League members in our school ______ ______ half of the students. 2). He doesn? t drink alcohol _______ _______ his health. 3). She couldn? t _______ _______ her foolish mistake. Keys: 1). account for 2). on account of 3). account for 6. seek vt.&vi. (sought, sought) 寻找;探索;寻求 [典例] 1). You must seek permission from the manager. 你需请求经理批准。 2). The explanation is not far to seek. 这种解释不难理解。 3). They are seeking to mislead us. 他们竭力误导我们。 [重点用法] seek (for/after) sth./sb. 寻找某人/某物 seek to do sth. 试图做某事 seek happiness/comfort/wealth/success 追求幸福﹑安逸﹑财富、成功 [练习] 用所给词的适当形式填空。 1). I think it? s time we ________ (seek) legal advice. 2). They are seeking ________ (change) the rules. Keys: 1). sought 2). to change 7. amount n.数(量);总额 vi.(to)合计;接近 [典例] 1). Can you really afford this amount? 你真付得起这个总数吗? 2). The cost amounted to 250. 费用共达 250 英镑。 [重点用法] a (large/small) amount of + n.[u] + v. (单数) (large/small) amounts of + n.[u] + v. (复数) in (large/small) amounts [作状语]大(少)量地 amount to... 共达……,合计…… [练习] 用 amount 的短语翻译或所给词的适当形式填空。 1). Duting the earthquake, a large amount of damage _______ (do) in a very short time. 2). Large amounts of money _______ (spend) rebuilding the temple. 3). At that time, mall amounts of land _______ (use) for keeping animals. 4). Food was provided _______ _______ _______ (供应多少不等). 5). The total cost of repairs _______ _______ (供应多少不等) US$100. Keys: 1). was done 2). were spent 3). were used 4). in different amounts 5). amounted to 8. bow [bau] vi.&vt. 鞠躬;弯腰 [典例] [b?u] n.[c] 弓,蝴蝶结;鞠躬

1). We all bowed to the Queen. 我们都向女王鞠躬致敬。 2). His back was bowed with age. 他因年老而驼背。 [重点用法] bow to/before sb. 向某人鞠躬 bow to sth. 向……低头;接受某事 [练习] 用 bow 的短语或其适当形式填空。 1). The boss ______ ______ the demands of the workers. 2). The cast ______ as the audience applauded. Keys: 1). bowed to 2). bowed Ⅳ.重点词组(旨在提供词汇综合运用材料) 1. bring up 培养;抚养;养育或教育某人;提出;呕吐某物 [典例] 1). She brought up five children. 她养育了五个孩子。 2). Her parents died when she was a baby and she was brought up by her aunt. 她出生後不久 父母双亡, 是由姑母抚养大的。 [重点用法] bring sb. up to be/as 培养某人成为 bring sb. up to do sth. 培养某人要…… [练习] 用 bring 的短语填空。 1). He was ______ ______ ______ ______ authority (从小就受到尊敬师长的教育). 2). He ______ ______ a good suggestion at the meeting. 3). She was so sick that she ______ ______ all that she had had. Keys: 1). brought up to respect 2). brought up / put forward 3). brought up 2. go ahead 执行,进行,前进, (于祈使句)可以,往下说,用吧,开始吧 [典例] 1). Despite the bad weather, the journey will go ahead. 尽管天气不好,旅行将照常进行。 2). The building of the new bridge will go ahead as planned.新桥的修建将按计划进行。 [短语归纳] (be) ahead of 在之前;领先于;胜过 ahead of time / in advance 提前 [练习] 用 ahead 短语填空。 1). After a pause, he ______ _______ with his speech. 2). The new bridge was completed _______ _______ _______. 3). _______ _______ _______ (径直向前走) for 200 meters and then turn left. 4). —— Could I use your bike? —— _______ _______. Keys: 1). went ahead/on 2). ahead of time 3). Go straight ahead 4). Go ahead 3. by accident = by chance 偶然;无意中 [典例] 1). Last time I ran across her in the street by accident. 上次我偶然在街上碰见她。 2). I only found it by accident. 我只是碰巧找到的。 [短语归纳] by + n. 短语: by contrast 对比之下 by mistake 错误地 by hand 用手,用体力 [练习] 用 by + n. 构成的词组填空。 1). I was in such a hurry that I took someone else? s umbrella ________. 2). These toys are made ______ instead of ______, so they are very expensive. 3). She had found the file ______. Keys: 1). by accident/chance 2). by hand; by machine 3). by accident 4. to be honest = to tell (you) the truth = honestly speaking 老实说;说实话

by machine 用机器

[典例] 1). To be honest, I have no time to do it. 老实说,我没有时间做这件事情。 2). To be honest, I don't think we have a chance of winning. 说实话, 我认为我们没有获胜的可能. [短语归纳] 英语中表示“……说”的短语: generally speaking 一般来说 exactly speaking 确切地说 in general 一般地来说 in other words 换句话说 to sum up 概括地说 that is 也就是说 [练习] 用表示“……说”的短语填空。 1). ________, women live longer than men. 2). He got home late last night, _______ early this morning. 3). ________, I don? t enjoy the performance. Keys: 1). Generally speaking 2). or rather 3). To be frank/honest to be frank = frankly speaking 坦率地说 or rather 更确切地说

5. on the contrary 与此相反;正相反[只作状语] [典例] 1). It doesn? t seem ugly to me; on the contrary, I think it? s rather beautiful. 我觉得它并不丑, 恰恰相反, 它挺美。 2). It wasn? t a good thing; on the contrary, it was a huge mistake. 这并不是一件好事,相反,这是个巨大的错误。 [短语归纳] contrary 短语: to the contrary(表明是)相反的;相反地[作定语和状语] (be) contrary to 违反(某事物) ;与……相反 [练习] 用 contrary 短语填空。 1). The car isn? t expensive. ______ ______ ______, it?s quite cheap. 2). I will come on Monday unless you write me ______ ______ ______. 3). I will continue to believe it until I get proof ______ ______ ______. 4). The results were ______ ______ expectation. Keys: 1). On the contrary 2). to the contrary 3). to the contrary 4). contrary to 6. take a chance = take chances 冒险,碰运气 [典例] He took a big chance when he made the investment. 当时他投资时是冒了大风险的。 [短语归纳] chance 短语: have a good chance/no chance/not much chance of (doing) sth/ to do sth/ that....大有希望/没有可能/没什麽希望做某事 by chance: by accident: accidentally: unintentionally 偶然地;意外地;非有意地 the chances are (that)...: it is likely that... 很可能…… give sb. a chance 给某人一个机会 a chance of lifetime 千载难逢的机会 [练习] 用 chance 短语填空。 1). The guide book didn? t mention there being any hotels, but we decided to ______ ______ ______. 2). You should never ______ ______ when driving a car. 3). What are the chances ______ (介词) his coming? 4). 很可能她要来。 ____________________________________________________________________________________________ 5). 我遇见她完全是偶然的。 ____________________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). take a chance 2). take chances 3). of 4). The chances are that / It? s likely that she? ll be coming. 5). I met her quite by chance. 7. as for 至于,关于 [典例] As for you, you ought to be ashamed of yourself. 至於你, 你应该感到惭愧。 [短语归纳] contrary 短语: as to 至于,关于;提到;就……而论(至于,说到)

[练习] 翻译。 1). He was uncertain ______ ______ (至于) which road to take. 2). Would you be so kind _______ _______ (至于) help me to move the stone? 3). 关于我的过去,我什么都不会告诉你。 ___________________________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). as to 2). as to 3). As for my past, I? m not telling you anything. Ⅴ.重点句子(旨在提供句子结构等所需材料) 1. Towards nightfall I found myself carried out to sea by a strong wind. 快到黄昏的时候,我发现自己被一阵大风刮到了大 海上。 [解释] find +sb./sth. + 宾语补足语 = find + (that) + sb./sth. + 谓语动词 搭配 find +sb./sth. doing 发现……在做……(主动) find sb./sth. done 发现……被做……(被动) find oneself in/at... 发觉自己在某处/处于…… 例如: 1). I found that the boy was hiding behind the door. = I found the boy hiding behind the door. 2). When day broke, we found ourselves in a small village at the foot of the mountain. [练习] 用所给词的适当形式填空或翻译。 1). I found the boy _______ (hide) behind the door. 2). When day broke, we _______ _______ _______ (发现我们到了一个村子里) a small village at the foot of the mountain. 3). The film star________ ________ ________ ________ (发觉自己被围住) a group of fans immediately he got off the car. 4). He found a wallet ________ (lie) on the ground. Keys: 1). hiding 2). found ourselves in 3). found himself surrounded by 4). lying 2. The next morning I? d just about given myself up for lost when I was spotted by a ship. 第二天早上, 正当我感到绝望时一 船发现了我。 [解释] 句中 when 为并列连词,译为“就在这时”,表示一种未预料到或突然发生的情况,常用于讲述过去发生的事情 或故事。when 常用于以下句型: 1). be about to do …when… 正要做某事就…… 2). be on the point of doing…when… 正要做某事就…… 3). be doing…when… 正在做某事就在这时…… 4). had just done sth. when... 刚做完某事就…… 5). had hardly done…when… 几乎还没有做完某事就…… 例如: 1). He was about to go out when it bagan to rain. 他正要出去时天下起雨来了。 2). I? d just finished my test paper when the bell rang. 我刚做完试卷下课铃就响了。 3). The boy was riding when he fell off his bike. 那个小孩正在骑车,就在这时,摔了下来。 [练习] 翻译句子。 1) 他正要出去时天下起雨来了。 ________________________________________________________________________________________ 2) 我刚做完试卷下课铃就响了。 ________________________________________________________________________________________ 3) 那个小孩正骑着车,就在这时,摔了下来。 ________________________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). He was about to go out when it bagan to rain. 2). I? d just finished my test paper when the bell rang. 3). The boy was riding when he fell off his bike. 3. You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like. 您只要想来随时欢迎,您想吃什么尽管吃。 [解释] (1)疑问词+ ever 可引导名词性从句,相当于 anyone who, anything that, any time when 等,用来加强语气

如: 1). Whoever says that is a liar. 说那话的人是个骗子。 2). I? ll believe whatever you say. 我将相信你所说的一切。 3). You can choose whatever you like in the shop. = You can choose anything that you like in the shop. (2)疑问词+ ever 还可引导让步状语从句, 相当于 no matter + 疑问词。如: 1). Whoever breaks the rule, he must be punished. = No matter who breaks the rule, he must be punished. 2). Whenever you have problems, you may turn to me for help. = No matter when you have problems, you may turn to me for help. [练习] 翻译。 1). _______ _______ _______ (无论何时) you have problems, you may turn to me for help. 2). 我将相信你所说的一切。 ________________________________________________________________________________________ 3). 无论你说什么,我都相信你。 ________________________________________________________________________________________ Keys: 1). Whenever / No matter when 2). I? ll believe whatever you say. 3). Whatever you say, I? ll believe you. / No matter what you say, I? ll believe you. 课文要点(模块) Ⅰ.课文词汇填空(旨在复习本课文中的单词拼写和主要词语等) 根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法: The tale was set in London in 1903. Henry, 1 American, was rescued in the sea by accident. 2 (lose) in London and having no money on him, he 3 (游荡)in London streets, 4 (hunger). He was spot by two rich brothers and invited to step into a house. Henry was given an 5 (信封)with money in it and asked not to open it until two p. m. With the envelope in hand, Henry entered a 6 (餐馆). He ordered some food. After 7 (eat) Henry opened the letter and found 8 was a million pound banknote. The owner and the waiter 9 (感到震惊). They couldn't believe Henry 10 was in rags could be so rich. The owner thanked Henry for his coming to his little eating place and even asked Henry to forget the meal bill. 答案:1. an 2. Lost 3. was wandering 4. hungry 5. envelope 6. restaurant 7. eating 8. it 9. were shocked 10. who Ⅱ.课文大意概括(旨在训练用 30 个单词概括大意的能力) 阅读课文,试着用 30 来个单词概括课文大意或将下面的短文译成英语。 亨利,一个身无分文的美国人,意外地在英国登岸。两个有钱的兄弟给了他一个装有百万英镑的信封,以及在一 家餐馆发生在他身上的令人惊奇的故事。 _____________________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ 答案:Henry, a penniless American, landed in Britain by accident. He was given a letter with a million pound note by two rich brothers and something amazing happened to him in a restaurant. Ⅲ.课文佳句背诵与仿写(旨在培养对难句的理解和写作能力) 1【原句】 It is Henry Adams, an American businessman, who is lost in London and does not know what he should do. [模仿要点] 强调句型:it is +被强调的名词+,同位语 ,+that / who + 并列谓语 【模仿 1】就是林小姐,我的英语老师,她是一个善良的人,当我遇到困难的时候,她总是帮助我。 ________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:It is Miss Li,my English teacher, who is a warm-hearted woman and always helps me when I am in trouble. 【模仿 2 】我的一个叫做 Tom 的朋友在上学的路上发现一只受伤的 小鸟,他立刻把它送达附近的动物园。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案: It was Tom, a good friend of mine, who found a wounded bird on his way to school and sent it to the zoo nearby without hesitation. 2 【原句】 It's amazing how much pleasure you get out of the simple things in life, especially if you can't have them for a while. [模仿要点] 句子结构:it is +adj +that 从句… especially +从句 【模仿 1】千真万确我们从老师的表扬中获得很大的欢乐,尤其当我们身处麻烦和困境久了。 ________________________________________________________________________________

答案:It?s true that how much joy we can get from the teachers? praise, especially when we meet some difficulties and are in trouble for a while. 【模仿 2】令人惊异的是李华这学期在学习方面取得那么大的进步,尤其自他有了自己的学习方法以后。 ________________________________________________________________________________ 答案:It is amazing how much progress Li Hua has made in his studies this term, especially since he had his way of learning. 单元自测 (模块) 1 完形填空 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从 1—10 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 字数:230 完成时间: 15 分钟 难度:***

James sat outside the office waiting for the interview. He felt so 1 that he didn't know what to do with (the) 2 . The person who had gone in before him had been in there for nearly an hour. And she looked so confident( 自信的) when she went in, not like James. He felt 3 that she had already got the job. The problem was that he wanted this job 4. It meant 5 to him. He had thought it such a lot before the day of the interview. He had imagined himself 6 brilliantly(出色地) at the interview and 7 the job immediately. But now here he was feeling terrible. He couldn't remember all those things he had planned to say. At that moment, he almost decided to get up and 8 . But no he had to do this. He had spent so much time considering it that he couldn't give like that. His hands were hot and sticky and his mouth felt dry. At last the door of the office opened. The woman ,who had gone in an hour earlier, came out looking very 9 with herself. She smiled sympathetically at James. At the moment, James hated her. The managing director then appeared at the office door. "Would you like to come in now, Mr Davis? I'm sorry to have kept you waiting.” James suddenly wished that he had gone home after all. He got up, legs 10 and forehead sweating and wondered whether he looked as terrified as he felt. 1. A. healthy B. nervous C. careless D. confident 2. A. interviewer B. woman C. himself D. situation 3. A. doubtful B. sure C. angry D. astonished 4. A. hopelessly B. naturally C. easily D. so much 5. A. everything B. happiness C. difficulty D. nothing 6. A. explaining B. performing C. answering D. writing 7. A. offered B. asked for C. being offered D. being asked for 8. A. leave B. go in C. prepare D. practise 9. A. ugly B. pleased C. sad D. pretty 10. A. shaking B. bending C. walking D. stopped 答案: 本文通过对比的手法,描述了 James 面试前紧张不安、不知所措的心理状态。 l.B 由后面的不知所措,可见其“紧张”。 2.C 是他“自己”不知所措。 3.B 从他后面担心得不到工作来分析,他是“确信”那位女士面试出色的。 4.D 从他后面对这份工作的憧憬来看,他“十分”希望得到这份工作。 5.A 前面说了他非常想得到这份工作,而且为面试做了精心准备,可见这一工作对他来说意味着“一切”。 6.B 其他三个选项不能涵盖面试的方方面面。 7.C 想象中面试出色,所以当场得到了那份工作。 8.A 根据行文逻辑选定。 9.B 由后面的行为来看,她对自己的面试表现是满意的。 10.A 根据常识提供的信息:紧张时两腿“发抖”,这是正常现象。 2.语法填空 阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词语的正

确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 1—10 的相应位置上。 字数:143 完成时间:8 分钟 难度:** In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are necessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear 1 spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it ourselves correctly with confidence and without hesitation. 2 , we must be able to read the language, and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success 3 language learning. 4 good memory is a great help, but it is not enough only 5 (memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long lists of words and 6 meanings, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. 7 we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. “Learn through use” is a good piece of 8 (advise) for those 9 are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and 10 (write) the language whenever we can. 答案: 本文主要讲述了学习英语的一些好的方法。 1. it 指代前面的 foreign language。 2. Thirdly 根据上下文得知这是第三点。 3. in 在语言学习方面没有容易取得成功的办法。 4. a 好的记忆力有助于学习,memory 为可数名词。 5. to memorize 不定式作真正主语。 6. their 指代前面的 words。 7. If 前后是条件关系。 8. advice 一条建议,此处应用名词。 9. who 引导定语从句,先行词是 those。 10. writing 练习做某事应用 practise doing sth。 3.阅读理解 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 词数:329 完成时间:6 分钟 难度:** I want to talk about a soldier. I saw him yesterday as my husband and I were enjoying a wonderful lunch in the cave-like dining room of an old hotel. It is hard to imagine being comfortable in a room that probably seats a thousand, but the real magic of the place is its wonderful setting. Every comer is a wood and stone masterpiece, with high glass windows that look out to the huge cliffs (悬 崖) of the valley. A man entered with his family and took a seat. He wasn't in uniform, but he walked with the dignity of a soldier, and a slight limp (瘸). My suspicion was confirmed when he removed his hat and placed it on the table where I could see it. Embroidered (绣) on the cap were the words: "Iwo Jima Survivor". As they were waiting for lunch, the others talking happily, this gentleman was stating out of the window. He was content to be left out of the conversation and allowed to take in the wonderful and impressive view of the waterfall. I watched him, and imagined how much horror he had seen in the war. What losses did he suffer, and how many friends did he lose? What he had witnessed should have given him a good reason to lose faith in the world. Yet this tired soldier was smiling at the sky, at the sun and the roaring of the waterfall. Somehow, after everything, the world was still beautiful to him. I walked over to him and said, "Excuse me, sir. I'm sorry to interrupt, but I saw your hat, and I just wanted to say thank you for serving." He looked up at me, surprised, and said proudly, "You're welcome, and thank you, too." I told him I would go home and tell my children about this experience that I'd met him. 1. The place where the author enjoyed lunch was __ A. only open to people of the upper classes B. once visited by many famous people C. attractive because of its beautiful surroundings D. modeled on scenes from American history

2. What confirmed the author?s suspicion that the man was a soldier? A. The words on his cap. B. The way he sat. C. His disability. D. The way he walked. 3. What do we learn from the passage? A. The author at first thought the gentleman was famous. B. The gentleman stood out because of his uniform. C. The gentleman?s family didn?t like to talk with him. D. The gentleman wasn?t expecting the author to thank him. 4. What encouraged the author to talk to the soldier? A. His disability. B. His loneliness. C. His contribution to his country. D. His bravery to fight in the war. 5. What is the author?s attitude towards the soldier? A. Admiring. B. Satisfied. C. Sympathetic. D. Doubtful. 答案: 作者和丈夫在一家看起来像洞穴似的饭店用餐时,见到了一位没穿制服但极具军人气质的瘸腿士兵。这名士兵虽 然在战争中经历了很多困苦,甚至可能失去了朋友,但是他对这个世界仍然充满着希望。 1. C 细节理解题。根据第二段中的“…but the real magic of the place is its wonderful setting.”可知 C 正确。 2. A 细节理解题。 根据第三段的“My suspicion was confirmed when he removed his hat and placed it on the table where I could see it. Embroidered on the cap were the words: ?Iwo Jima Survivor?.”可知,是帽子上的字最终使作者确信 他是一名士兵。 3. D 推理判断题。 根据倒数第二段中“He looked up at me, surprised, and said proudly, ?You?re welcome, and thank you, too.?”可知他没有想到在这个地方会有人对他表示感谢。 4. C 推理判断题。从作者对那名士兵说的话“…and I just wanted to thank you for serving.”可知 C 正确。 5. A 作者态度题。从第五段可以看出,这名战士虽然在战场上失去了很多,但他仍觉得现实生活还是很美好的, 这种心态让作者很赞赏。从最后一段“I told him I would go home and tell my children about this experience that I?d met him.”可知,作者对这名士兵非常敬佩。 4.基础写作

[写作内容] 时间 地点 事件 评价 感受 上星期六下午 在中山公园里的湖边 我和朋友在散步,湖中一个女孩在呼救。我们跳进湖中救人,对她做了人工呼吸。孩子恢复知觉后, 被送进医院。我们打电话通知孩子的家长,孩子得救了。 家长很感激,医生对我们的急救给予高度评价。 懂得急救知识很重要。

[写作要求] 1.必须使用 5 个句子介绍全部所给的内容。 2.将 5 个句子组织成连贯的一篇短文,使用必要的连接词。 ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________

答案: On the afternoon of last Saturday, my friend and I were practicing drawing by the lake in Zhongshan Park when suddenly we heard a girl calling for help in the lake. We hurried to jump into the lake without taking off our clothes, swam towards her and pulled her out. We made her breathe using mouth-to-mouth way before she came to herself. Then she was sent to hospital and we telephoned the girl's parents. Afterwards, we were told that the girl was saved because of the timely rescue. Her parents were very thankful to us and the doctors thought highly of our first aid, which made us realize that knowing first aid is very important for everyone.


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