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选修六 Unit 2 What is happiness to you? 单元检测

What is happiness to you? 单元检测

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.(2013· 南京四校联考)In the yard was an old man telling stories, with quite a few children ________ him. A.surrounding C.to surround B.surrounded D

.being surrounded

2.(2012· 湖北高考)The officer insisted that Michael did not follow the correct ________ in applying for a visa. A.pattern C.program B.procedure D.perspective

3. (2011· 安徽高考)______, I managed to get through the game and the pain was worth it in the end. A.Hopefully C.Thankfully B.Normally D.Conveniently

4.(2012· 江苏安丰中学模拟)The final exam is a battle where everybody wants to show off his or her ________. A.talent C.virtue B.character D.personality

5.(2013· 杭州二检)________ his research paper, Professor Reagan experienced various hardships and loneliness on the Antarctic exploration for nearly half a year. A.Accomplishing C.Accomplished B.To accomplish D.Having accomplished

6.(2013· 呼和浩特模拟)To his disappointment, he failed to ________ himself to the new environment. Which of the following is WRONG? A.accustom C.attach B.adapt D.adjust

7.(2012· 无锡洛社中学模拟)It's high time that Dalai Lama ________ playing politics. A.quit C.would quit 8.—How come you look so worried? —I have ________ all my pockets but I can't find my keys. A.gone after C.gone against B.gone through D.gone ahead B.will quit D.had quit

9.(2013· 南平模拟)Having been warned of danger in the street at night, she had to go home with a friend ________her. A.accompanied C.to accompany B.having accompanied D.accompanying

10.(2012· 邵阳模拟)When ________ again, the suspect had to admit that he had kidnapped the child and sold him. A.question C.questioned B.questioning D.to question

11.What he wants is ________his mother as quickly as he can; and what he must do is ________ to the hospital at once. A.to see; going C.see; to go B.to see; go D.see; go

12.(2012· 苏州二中模拟)Your job here is only ______, for you will be removed from it when we have a proper post for you. A.permanent C.temporary B.contemporary D.fundamental

13.Although the man had grown much older, ________ I saw him yesterday I knew he was the murder suspect. A.so long as C.for fear that B.every time D.the instant

14.(2012· 江苏洪泽二中月考)— ________ busy schoolwork, the children also have to take arts, music and sports classes in their free time. —I wonder what they will become. A.Rather than C.But for B.Thanks to D.Apart from

15.(2013· 江苏安宜中学检测)—How did the Short Play Festival strike you? —________.We can't think too highly of it. A.It makes no sense C.It all depends Ⅱ.阅读理解 A (2013· 江苏名校联考)People often say money talks. They mean a person with a lot of money can say how he or she wants things done. But it is not easy to earn enough money to gain this kind of power. Ask anyone in business. They will tell you that it is a jungle out there. The expression B.It is awful D.It is fantastic

probably began because the jungle is filled with wild animals and unknown dangers. Sometimes people in business feel competing businesses are as dangerous as wild animals, and that unknown dangers in the business world threaten the survival of their business. People have to be careful if they are to survive the jungle out there. They must not be led into making bogus investments. Nobody is sure how the word got started. But it began to appear in American newspapers in the eighteen hundreds. The newspaper said a criminal whose name was Borghese wrote checks to people although he didn't have enough money in the bank, and after that, he would flee from town, so people who were paid with his checks received nothing. Americans shortened and changed the criminal's name Borghese, to bogus. People trying to earn money also must be aware of being ripped off. A person ripped off has had something stolen, or at least has been treated very unfairly. It is said that the expression was first used in nineteen seventyone, on a sign that a student carried during a protest demonstration in a university. The message was that the student felt ripped off. And a successful person in business should work hard and try to get down to brass tacks. This expression means getting to the bottom or most important part of something. For example, a salesman may talk and talk about his product without saying the price. You get down to brass tacks when you say, “It sounds good, but how much does it cost?” So, if we get down to brass tacks, we can prevent ripoffs and bogus ways of earning money in that jungle out there. And, some good luck will help, too. 1.Mentioning business world, people say “it is a jungle out there” in that________. A.it is not easy to earn enough money to travel in jungles B.business world, like jungles, is full of unknown dangers C.people in business will sometimes meet with failure like through jungles D.unknown dangers in the business world threaten their life 2.If consumers feel ripped off by an advertising campaign, we can say________. A.they feel delighted C.they feel shamed B.they feel embarrassed D.they feel cheated

3.Which of the following has the expression that isn't properly used? A.Tourists complain of being ripped off by local cab drivers. B.Let's make bogus investments. How much does this computer cost? C.I'm afraid I can give you only ten minutes' time. Let's get down to brass tacks at once. D.If people say that it is a jungle out there, there will be no rule and the situation will be dangerous. 4.What does the passage mainly talk about?

A.Several expressions related to business. B.The fierce competition in business world. C.Some principles in business. D.The role money plays in business. B Ever thought about becoming a vegetarian? Perhaps the idea of giving up meat doesn't appeal, but you may think twice after reading this. In reality, becoming a vegetarian can help a lot. Being vegetarian could help the poor. A huge percentage of the world's grain is fed to animals. Apparently, if just 10% of this was given to poor countries, it'd be enough to prevent world famine. Eating meat supports cruelty to animals. While it's nice to think that animals are killed quickly and painlessly, it isn't always true. Also, most livestock animals (家畜) spend their lives in small, cramped cages with no sunlight. Some, such as chickens, are bred specifically for meat, and are given chemicals so they grow more quickly. Recent studies have shown that pigs, cows, sheep and chickens are actually smarter than cats and dogs — animals that most people would never dream of eating. Cows can make lifelong friends with other cows, and show genuine excitement when they learn something new; chickens and pigs have successfully completed complex tasks designed for chimpanzees. Going vegetarian can help the environment. Producing meat causes more than 40 percent of all greenhouse gas emissions. That's more than all the cars, trucks and planes in the world combined. The meat industry is also responsible for the destruction of forests (which are cut down to provide land for cattle), and it also creates pollution when transporting,manufacturing and packaging the meat. Cows also emit a lot of methane (甲烷) gas, which is 23 times more damaging to the environment than carbon dioxide. In fact, one Japanese study found that a kilogram of beef is responsible for more greenhouse gas than someone driving their car for three hours as well as leaving all their lights on at home. Finally, studies show that a meatfree diet is good for your health.The excessive consumption of meat can lead to high cholesterol (胆固醇) levels and obesity.It is also thought to be a major cause of serious health problems such as cancer and heart disease.In general, vegetarians are slimmer and they're known to live six to ten years longer than meat eaters.And it's a myth (荒诞的 说法) that vegetarians aren't as strong or healthy as meateaters — just ask Jackie Chan and Arnold Schwarzenegger, who both agree that eating a vegetarian diet is a healthy way to live. Going vegetarian helps feed the world, benefits animals, and reduces greenhouse gas emissions. Above all, going vegetarian is beneficial to our health. Why not become a vegetarian? Join us! 5.Producing meat ________. A.causes over half of all greenhouse gas emissions

B.emits more methane gas than carbon dioxide C.causes more greenhouse gas emissions than all the cars, trucks and planes in the world combined D.costs a lot of money and consumes a lot of energy 6.According to the passage, eating too much meat can lead to the following EXCEPT ________. A.overweight C.sleeplessness 7.What is the main idea of the passage? A.Health benefits of meatfree diet. B.Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. C.Advantages of balanced diets. D.Top reasons for not eating meat. 8.Which of the following shows the structure of the passage? CP: Central point P:Point Sp: Subpoint (次要点) C: Conclusion B.high cholesterol levels D.heart attack

Ⅲ.书面表达 (2013· 江苏省南京市高三一模)右图是一幅有关某些人应对安全问 题的漫画。请你根据对这幅漫画的理解,用英语写一篇短文。短文应 包括以下内容: 1.这幅漫画描绘了什么内容; 2.这幅漫画反映了现实生活中的什么现象; 3.你怎样看待这种现象,就如何应对安全问题有什么建议。 注意:1.可参照漫画和文字提示适当发挥想象;

2.词数 150 左右(开头已经写好,不计入总词数); 3.作文中不得提及考生所在学校和本人姓名。 参考词汇:椰子 coconut Safety problems have been bothering people all the time.__________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

What is happiness to you? 单元检测 Ⅰ.1.选 A 考查非谓语动词。children 和 surround 存在逻辑上的主动关系,故用现在分 词作宾语补足语。 2.选 B 考查名词辨析。句意:这位官员坚持认定迈克尔没有按照正确的程序申请签 证。 procedure“程序”, 符合句意。 pattern“模式”; program“节目”; perspective“远景”。 3.选 C 考查副词辨析。句意:谢天谢地,我终于打完比赛了,所有的辛苦都是值得 的。hopefully “满怀希望地”;normally “正常地”;thankfully “感激地”;conveniently “方便地”。根据句意答案选 C 项。 4.选 A 句意:期末考试是一场每个人都想展示自己才能的地方。talent“才能,才干, 天赋”,符合句意。character“性格,品质”;virtue“美德”;personality“个性,性格”。 5.选 B 考查非谓语动词。句意:为了完成研究论文,里根教授在南极考察的近半年 中经历了各种磨难和孤独。根据题意可知,这里应用不定式短语作目的状语,故选 B。 6.选 C 考查动词辨析。句意:令他失望的是,他未能适应新环境。accustom oneself to “习惯于”;adapt/adjust oneself to “使适应”;attach ...to ...“把??系在??上”。 7.选 A It's (high) time that ...句型中,that 从句应用虚拟语气:“should+动词原形” 或动词过去式。quit 的过去式应为 quit 或 quitted。 8.选 B 考查动词短语辨析。答句句意:我把所有的口袋都翻遍了,就是找不到我的 钥匙。go after“追求”;go through“检查,经历”;go against“违背”;go ahead“开始, 进行”。 9.选 D 句意:因为受到警告夜里街上有危险,所以她不得不在一个朋友陪伴下回家。 accompany 和 friend 构成主动关系,故用现在分词作宾语补足语。C 项不定式表将来。

10.选 C 考查非谓语动词。句意:当再次被审问的时候,嫌疑人不得不承认他绑架了 这个孩子,并且把他卖了。还原句子为 when he was questioned,省略了主语和 be 动词,故 选 C。 11.选 B 主语中若含动词 do 的某种形式,表语可用省略 to 的不定式; 若无则用带 to 的不定式。 12.选 C 考查形容词词义辨析。句意:你在这儿的工作只是临时的,当我们有合适的 岗位给你的时候,你就会被调走。 permanent “ 永久的 ” ; contemporary“ 当代的 ” ; temporary“暂时的”;fundamental“基本的”。 13.选 D 句意:尽管那个男人苍老了很多,但昨天我一见到他就知道他是那起谋杀案 的嫌疑犯。the instant = as soon as 表示“一??就??”,符合句意。so long as“只要”; every time“每次”;for fear that“唯恐”。 14.选 D 句意:“除了繁忙的功课,孩子们还要在业余时间学习美术、音乐和体育课 程。”“我想知道他们会变成什么。”rather than “胜过,而不是”;thanks to “由于,多 亏”;but for “除了,要不是”;apart from “除??之外还有”。根据句意可知应选 D。 15.选 D 考查交际用语。根据“We can't think too highly of it.”可知,D 项“真是太棒 了”,符合句意。 Ⅱ. 语篇解读: 本文主要介绍了在商场中经常使用的几个表达方式, 讨论了它们的来源和意 义的发展变化。 1.选 B 事实细节题。由第二段可知,商场就像丛林,充满了未知的凶险,而竞争对 手就像丛林中危险的野兽,这些未知的凶险会威胁企业的生存。故选 B 项。其他选项与文 意不符。 2.选 D 推理判断题。根据第五段和第六段可知,rip off 的意思是“敲诈,讹诈”。 故选 D 项“他们感到被欺骗了”。 3.选 B 细节理解题。根据 B 项中的第二句话可知,此处误用了 bogus。A 项游客们 抱怨被当地的出租车司机敲了竹杠;C 项恐怕我只能给你 10 分钟的时间,我们马上转入正 题;D 项如果人们说那是一个弱肉强食的地方,有可能那里缺少规则,形势险恶。 4.选 A 主旨大意题。文章主要讲述了在商场中经常使用的几个表达方式,并解释了 其起源和意义,故 A 项最能概括本文主旨。 语篇解读:本文为议论文,主要阐述了成为素食主义者的好处。 5.选 C 细节理解题。根据第四段中的第二、三句可知生产肉制品所产生的温室气体 排放量比全世界所有汽车、卡车和飞机加起来排放的还要多。 6.选 C 细节理解题。根据倒数第二段第二、三句可知,吃肉过多可能会导致胆固醇

过高、肥胖、癌症及心脏病,并没有提到失眠。 7.选 D 主旨大意题。根据本文的主题句 In reality, becoming a vegetarian can help a lot 可知本文主要讲成为素食主义者在很多方面都有益。 8.选 A 篇章结构题。本文第一段提出了论点:成为素食主义者在很多方面都有益。 第二、三、四、五段分别从防止饥荒、善待动物、保护环境和有益健康等角度论述了这个观 点。最后一段再次归纳要点,得出结论,与第一段前后呼应。 Ⅲ.参考范文: Safety problems have been bothering people all the time. The whole society are trying to solve them in different ways. As we can see from the drawing above, two men are chatting in a boat under a coconut tree without worrying about any danger because they know the boat is on land. Contrary to expectations, a coconut is falling down right in the direction, which has aroused our concern. To be safe, some people just try avoiding taking adventures. As is known in the drawing, the men get the boat out of water to prevent themselves from getting drowned. Actually, potential danger often comes against expectations if we don't take everything into consideration. I don't think it is wise to take stopgap measures. Instead, we should raise our selfawareness of safety and focus on the prevention. Besides, we must obey all safety rules. Only in this way can we enjoy a safe and happy life.


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