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动词时态和语态练习题及答案讲解


时态语态专项练习
( )(02 全国)—You haven’t said a word about my new coat,Brenda.Do you like it? —I’m sorry I _____ anything about it sooner.I certainly think it’s pretty on you. A. wasn’t saying (

B.don’t say C.won’t say D. didn’t say )2.(02 全国高考题)I wonder why Jenny ________us recently.We should have A.hasn’t written ( B.doesn’t write C.won’t write D.hadn’t written

heard from her by now. )3.(03 北京)—When will you come to see me,Dad? —I will go to see you when you ________ the training course. A.will have finished ( A.were you employed C.had you been employed ( A.would be completed C.has been completed ( B.will finish C.are finishing D.finish )4.(03 北京)—How long ________ at this job? —Since 1990.

B.have you been employed D.will you be employed B.was being completed D.had been completed

)5.(03 上海)By the end of last year,another new gymnasium _____ in Beijing.

)6.(02 北京)The little girl _______her heart out because she ________ her toy A.had cried; lost B.cried; had lost C.has cried; has lost D.cries; has lost

bear and believed she wasn’t ever going to find it. ( )7.(02 北京)—Excuse me,sir.Would you do me a favor? —Of course.What is it? —I ________ if you could tell me how to fill out this form. A.had wondered ( B.was wondering C.would wonder D.did wonder )8.(02 上海)He will have learned English for eight years by the time he _______ A.will graduate ( ( ( A.is to blame A.has been B.will have graduated B.is going to blame B.does C.has C.graduates D.is to graduate D.should blame

from the university next year. )9.(02 上海)I feel it is your husband who _______for the spoiled child. C.is to be blame D.is )10.He has been writing the composition the whole morning and he still _____. )11.If city noises ________ from increasing, people ________ shout to be heard A.are not kept; will have to C.do not keep; will have to ( B.are not kept; have to D.do not keep; have to

even at the dinner table 20 years from now.

)12.The price _______,but I doubt whether it will remain so.

A.went down (

B.will go down

C.has gone down

D.was going down

)13.—How long ____ each other before they ______ married? —For about a year. A.have they known; get C.do they know; are going to get B.did they know; get D.had they known; got C.is being painted D.is painting D.I don’t notice

( ( ( ( (

)14.You can’t move in right now.The house ________. A.has painted B.is painted )15.—Hey,look where you are going! A.I’m not noticing A.was traveling A.is hanging —Oh,I’m terribly sorry.________.

B.I wasn’t noticing C.I haven’t noticed

)16.The reporter said that the UFO ______ east to west when he saw it. B.traveled C.had been traveling D.was to travel —No,mine ________ there behind the door. D.hang )17.—Is this raincoat yours?

B.has hang C.hangs

)18.I turned around and saw everybody ________ at a man who ________ A.was staring; was shouting C.staring; shouting B.was staring; shouting

loudly in a foreign language. D.stared; shouted C.was thinking C.didn’t find D.was thought D.don’t find

( ( (

)19.Henry remained silent for a moment.He ________. A.thought B.had thought )20.We would like to go and thank him ourselves, but we __ out his address yet, A.haven’t found B.hadn’t found )21.Shirley ________ a book about China last year but I don’t know whether A.has written B.wrote C.had written D.was writing

she has finished. ( )22.—Have you got your test result? A.are not correcting C.are still being corrected ( ( ( ( A.will A.tastes B.is going to B.is tasting —Not yet.The papers ________.

B.have not corrected D.have already been corrected C.must C.is tasted D.certainly D.has tasted D.is belonging to

)23.See the clouds! It ________ rain! )24.Do I have to take this medicine? It ________ so terrible. )25.Don’t take the magazine away.It ________ me. A.is belonged to B.belongs to C.was belonged to )26.Is this the third time that you ________ late?

A.have been (

B.am

C.was

D.had been

)27.—Do you know when Tom ________ from abroad? —Perhaps it will be a long time before he ________. A.will come; will come C.will come; comes B.comes; will come D.comes; comes D.won’t hear

( (

)28.My uncle said that he would telephone but I _____from him so far. A.didn’t hear B.hadn’t heard C.haven’t heard )29.The telephone ________ four times in the last hour,and each time it A.has rung; was B.has been ringing; is C.had rung; was D.rang; has been

________ for my roommate. ( )30.A storm ________ by a calm. A.is often being followed C.is often followed ( ( A.think; lost B.was often followed D.has often been followed C.think; had lost D.thought; lost

)31.The pen I _______ I ______ is on my desk,right under my nose. B.thought; had lost )32.—We could have walked to the station.It was so near. —Yes,a taxi ________ at all necessary. A.wasn’t B.hadn’t been C.couldn’t be D.won’t be D.had been broken into

( (

)33.A friend of mine returned to his house after a holiday only to find it ____. A.to be broken B.had broken into C.was broken )34.They believed that by using computers the production of their factory _____. A.will greatly increase C.would be increased greatly B.would greatly increase D.will have been greatly increased B.had long expected D.was long expected —Yes,it ________ very well. D.wrote C.writes

(

)35.His eyes shone brightly when he finally received the magazines he _____. A.had long been expected C.has long expected

( (

)36.—Do you like the new pen? A.is written B.is writing

)37.—Oh,it’s you? I didn’t recognize you. —I ________ my hair cut,and I ________ new glass. A.had; was wearing B.have had; am wearing C.had; wore D.have had; wear

(

)38.As she _______ the newspaper,Granny _______ asleep. A.read; was falling C.was reading; was falling B.was reading; fell D.read; fell

( ( ( ( ( ( (

)39.However hard you _______,you will never succeed in pleasing her. A.try B.will try C.should try D.would try D.doesn’t work D.haven’t felt )40.—Can I help you, sir? A.didn’t work A.didn’t feel A.had gone B.won’t work B.wasn’t feeling B.had set off )41.—How are you today? —Yes, I bought this radio yesterday, but it _____. C.can’t work C.don’t feel C.had left —Oh,I ___ as ill as I do now for a very long time.

)42.When Jack arrived he learned Mary ________ for about an hour. D.had been away D.would repair D.had just stared )43.By this time tomorrow we ________ the machine. A.have repaired A.just stared B.shall have repaired C.will repair )44.I don’t think Jim saw me,he ________ into space. B.was just staring C.has just stared )45.Helen ________ her key in the office so she had to wait until her husband A.had left; came B.has left; comes C.I go C.left; had come D.I’m going D.had left; would come

________ home. ( ( )46.—You have left the light on. A.I’ll go earthquake. A.killed ( ( ( A.is wrote A.take A.seated B.is killed B.reads B.take of C.was killed C.writes C.be taken D.was killing D.is read D.be taken of D.had seated )48.The notice ________ “No smoking.” )49.Good care must ________ babies particularly while they are ill. )50.Shortly after we ____,a waiter came over to our table with a smile. B.were seated C.sat ourselves B.I’ve gone —Oh,so I have._______ and turn it off.

)47.This is Ted’s photo.We miss him a lot.He ________ trying to save a child in

(

)51.—You look pale,what troubled you? A.am thinking about C.had thought about D.will think about

—I ________ my dead friend.

B.was thinking about

(

)52.John and I ________ friends for eight years.We first got to know each other A.had been; have seen C.have been; had seen B.have been; have seen D.had been; had seen C.should D.have get

at a Christmas party.But we ________ each other a couple of times before that.

( (

)53.Do make sure that you ________ a seat today! A.got B.get )54.We ________ at the house as we ________ of buying it. A.looked; were thinking C.were looking; thought B.were looking; were thinking D.looked; had thought —Who ________ so? C.says D.has said C.didn’t think D.was thinking

( ( (

)55.—I’m told that you are leaving for Beijing. A.said B.had said

)56.I ________ the room to be empty but found it occupied. A.had thought B.have thought )57.Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because A.will have changed B.has changed C.is changing D.will change C.played D.play D.request

technology ________ so rapidly. ( ( ( )58.I ___ ping-pong quite well, but I haven’t had time to play since the new year. A.will play A.will request A.caught in B.have played B.are requested B.had caught )59.Visitors ________ not to touch the exhibits. C.are requesting C.were caught )60.They ________ a snowstorm on their way home. D.were caught in

1~5 DADBD

6~10 BBCAD

11~15 ACDCB 16~20 AAACA 21~25 DCBAB 26~30 ACCAC 31~35 BADCC 36~40 CBBAD

41~45 DDBBA 46~50 ACBDB 51~55 BCBBC 56~60 ACDBD 【解析】 1.用过去时表达没能早说之意。 2.用完成时表达到目前为止本应发生的动作。 3.主句将来时,状语从句用一般现在时表示将来。 4.本句用完成时当无疑问,值得注意的是后面的结构是系表结构表状 态,不是被动语态。 5.受 by the end of last year 的影响,本句是典型的过去完成时。 6.体会一下时间的先后就可明白,前一句是一般过去时,后一句是过 去完成时。 7.空格所指的是说话前正在考虑的动作。 9.本句是强调句型,sb. is to blame 是“得怪谁”的意思。 10.填空处是现在进行时的省略。 14.现在进行时的被动语态。 16.强调看见时 the UFO 正在发生的动作。 22.答语为现在进行时的被动语态,指“试卷正在被批改”。 23.有征兆表明某事即将发生一般用 be going to 表达。

24.taste 为连系动词,因而没有被动语态。 25.belong to 没有被动语态。 30.全句意为“暴风雨过后是一片宁静”。 33.only to 引导的是一个结果状语,所填空处是典型的过去完成时的 被动语态。 40.一般现在时陈述事实。 43.受 by this time tomorrow 这一时间状语的影响,本题所填是中学 不太常见的将来完成时。


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