By Wei Yan
Say something about the Three Gorges Dam
The largest dydro-electric dam in the world More than 1.5 kilometers wide across the Yangtze Rive
Its reservior is more than 500 kilometers long
Stept1 Read the whole passage quickly and decide them if true or false
1. Mao Zedong once dreamed that there would be a great dam to harness the power of the Yangtze River. T 2 .The Three Gorges Dam will provide enough hydroelectric power for the whole country. F
3.The dam will generate a lot electricity causing much less air pollution. T 4.A large number of historical relics have been damaged because of the dam.
Step2 Read the paragraph 1&2
1.what is the dream of Mao Zedong “Walls of stone to hold back clouds and rain till a smooth 更立西江石壁, lake rises in the narrow gorges” 截断巫山云雨, 高峡出平湖. 2. Why was the Three Gorges Dam built?
To control flooding and provide hydro-electric power
才饮长沙水, 又食武昌鱼. 万里长江横渡, 风樯动, 龟蛇静, 起宏图.
不管风吹浪打, 胜似闲庭信步, 今日得宽余, 子在川上曰:
天堑变通途. 更立西江石壁, 截断巫山云雨, 高峡出平湖.
2. Why was the Three Gorges Dam built?
To control flooding and provide hydroelectric power 3.What is the size of the Three Gorges Dam? The dam is nearly 200 meters high and 1.5 kilometers wide. It is the largest hydro-electric power station.
Read the paragraph 3 and answer questions
1. Who first suggested the idea of a dam across the Yangtze River? Sun Yan-sen suggested the idea in 1919.
2. What is the advantage of the Three Gorges Dam?
To generate heat and electricity and prevent air pollution and help reduce the global warming
Read Paragraph 5 and answer the questions 1.What happened after the reservior built?
The reservior has flooded 2 cities , 11 cities, 140 towns and more than 4000 villages.
2.How are people in different area?
They are living a happy new life in different areas.
Questions for Paragraph 6 1.What has happened to the historical sites?
Many historical relics and historical sites were flooded and have been submerged.
2.How should we protect and save the relics?
Some of them are being removed and some are being put into museum.
Phrases and sentences
Listen to the text and fill in the following blanks.
Mao Zedong _____________ building a dam to ________ dreamed of hold back the Yangtze River to ________ the power of the great river. harness The Three Gorges Dam is the largest hydro-electric power ____________ station and is used to control flooding and _______ hydro_______ provide electric power.
In the past, China burned a lot of coal for heating and generating ____________ electricity but it causes serious air pollution and increases _________________. The dam will generate global warming electricity ______ about 40 million tons of coal. equal to
The reservior has ______ a large area and more flooded than a million people have _______ from their moved homes and now they are living a happy life in different areas.
The project has flooded some of China’s most famous________________ including the Qu Yuan historical sites Temple. We have saved many historical relics by _________ them and putting them into ________ removing museums
? Do you think the advantages are more than the disadvantages?
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