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语法填空题解题技巧


语法填空题解题技巧

一、命题形式
? 1. 提示词填空题。 ? 2. 自由填空题。

二、 提示词填空的 解题技巧
此类题可以考查对单词形式变化的掌握程 度。单词形式变化主要有两种,一是词的形、 数等变化,二是词的派生变化。在判断出词的 变化之后还应该进一步审题,看是否需要使用 复合的变化形式,这一点是很重要的。<

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技巧一:
名词形式变化
名词的形式变化主要有单复数、所有 格的变化。
例1:There are many students

living at school. The__(child) houses are all far from school.

技巧二:
动词形式变化
动词的形式变化比较多,有谓语的变化(时态、语态、 人称、数以及语气),遇到时态和语态时要看时间提示、 上下句或前后文的时间暗示;也有非谓语的变化(不定 式、动名词、现在分词、过去分词)。遇到非谓语动词 是要分析句子结构,按“确定成分、确定主被关系、确 定动作所发生的时间”这三步来解决。
例2:A talk__(give) tomorrow is written by Professor Zhang.

技巧三:
代词形式变化
代词形式变化通常是与人称变化有关的三大类 五小类,即人称代词(主格和宾格)、物主代 词(形容词性和名词性)、反身代词。另外还 有几个不定代词的形式变化,如no one/none、 other/another等。 例3:The king decided to see the painter by __(he).

技巧四:
形容词、副词比较级变化
英语中大部分形容词和表方式的副词都有原级、 比较级和最高级的变化。构成比较级和最高级的 方式,或通过加后缀-er和-est,或在词前加 more/less和most/least,且形容词的绝对最高 级还要加the。 例4:I am__(tall) than Liu Wen. He is the tallest students in my class.

技巧五:
数词形式变化
数词的形式变化包括基数词、序数词,或加后 缀-teen、-ty的变化,甚至还有作分母用的序 数词的单复数形式,以及one/two的特殊变化 形式once/twice。
例5:To my three sons I leave my seventeen horses. My eldest son shall take a half, my second son shall take a__(three).

技巧六:
? 词的派生
词的派生现象在英语单词中是很常见的,派生 现象主要发生在名词、动词、形容词、副词四 种词中。这种题型还有可能检测对词根、前后 缀、派生词的掌握。(做什么句子成分需什么 样词性的词)
例6:Lious lost his wallet yesterday, so he was very__(happiness).

三、自由填空题的解题技巧

技巧一:
固定短语结构
根据句中横线前后及整句来判断横线前后是 否构成一个固定短语,但有时要对横线前或后 的几个单词“视而不见”才能命中答案。
例7:The children were playing on the ground, enjoying__, dirty but happy. 例8:His boss was__angry as to fire him.

技巧二:
从句引导词
从句是此题型最为常见的一个考试方向,主要 检测对引导词的掌握程度。(先判断是什么从 句,然后注意所填词在从句中充当什么句子成 分) 例9:He did not do__his father had asked him to do.
例10: Those__want to go to the village must sign here.

技巧三:
短语动词结构
短语动词是以动词为中心的两个或多个词构成 的短语,此类短语中往往是动词与介词或副词连 用的多些。 例11:The US consists__fifty states. 例12:Mrs. Baker was ill, so her daughter had to ask for leave to take__of her.

技巧四:
短语介词结构
短语介词即多个词的组合起介词作用的短语, 如:except for, due to等。 例13:Mr. Smith took a plane to London__ of taking a train.

例14:Just then, he saw a blackboard in__ of him.

技巧五:
连词、关联短语结构
先弄清句子意义,了解句子之间的逻辑关系, 再决定连词的使用。常用的连词有and, or, but, so, for, while等,常用的关联短语有 both...and, either...or, neither...nor, not only...but also等。 例15:Little Wang Jun could not go to school, __his family was too poor. 例16:__Mary and Jenny like going to the theatre.

技巧六:
冠词、介词和常用的副词
冠词只能是在a,an,the之间判断;常用的介 词有in,at,on,before,during等,通常考 查固定搭配;副词的量还是比较多,如: however,never,yet,much等,但一般不 会考查-ly形式的方式副词。

例17:Jackie likes to drive at__high speed.

例18:Old Tom’s grand-daughter used to visit him__Saturday afternoon. 例19:Though Liu Qian did the same work__Zhang Wen did,he got a lower pay__Zhang. 例20:It was only one day left,__, his father had no idea to answer him.

四、解题步骤
? ? ? 1.通读全文,理解大意。 2.分析句子,确定词性。 3.检查搭配,前后连贯。

五、实战演练
? Once there lived a rich man 1 wanted to do something for the people of his town. 2 first he wanted to find out whether they deserved his help. In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed 3 very large stone. Then he 4 (hide ) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow. “Who put this stone in the centre of the road?” said the old man, but he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way. 5 man came along and did the same thing; then another came ,and another.

?

?

All of them complained about the stone but not tried to remove 6 . Late in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone, 7 (say) to himself: “The night 8 (be) very dark. Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.” Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his 9 (strong) to move it. How great was his surprise at last! 10 the stone, he found a bag of money.

Key
? 1.who 2. But 3.a 4. hid 5.Another 6. it 7. saying 8. will be 9. strength 10. under

Homework
? In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are neccessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear 1 spoken. Secondly, we must be able to speak it correctly with confidence and without hesitation. 2 ,we must be able to read the language , and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct.

?

There is no easy way to success 3 language learning. 4 good memory is of great help, but it is not enough only 5 (memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long list of words and 6 meaning, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. 7 we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the language. “Learn through use” is a good piece of 8 (advise) for those 9 are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and 10 (write) the language whenever we can.

key
? 1.it 2. Thirdly 3. in 4. A 5. to memorize 6. their 7. If 8. advice 9. who 10. writing


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