当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> Book1Unit4 语言点

Book1Unit4 语言点


高一必修一 Unit4 之 Language points

Unit 4 Earthquakes [Warming up]& [pre-reading] 1. Now, image there has been a big earthquake. 现在想象一下已经发生了一 次大地震。 ? (1) there be 句型表示“在什么地方有什么” ,其结

构为:There be + 主 语+其余部分。 there 为引导词, 本身无意义, be 的单复数取决于主语, 有两个或两个以上并列主语时,则依据最近的主语单复数。 (2) there be 句型还有非谓语词形式:there to be 与 there being。它们在 句中可作主语、宾语、状语。 It’s impossible for there to be any more. 不可能再有了。 There being a bus stop nearby is a great advantage. 附近有个公共汽车站台, 真是一大好处。 2. Imagine your home begins to shake and you must leave it right away. 假设你家开始晃动,你必须立刻离开。 ? shake: shake hands 握手 shake one’s head 摇头 shake a bottle 摇瓶子 shake with fear 害怕得发抖 ? right away 立刻,马上 I’m getting in touch with him right away. 我马上同他联系。 【链接】 at once 立刻,马上 right now 现在;此刻;立刻 immediately adv. 立刻,马上 [Reading] 1. For three days the water in the village wells rose and fell ? rise vi. 过去式,过去分词: (rose ; risen)上升(常用于日月云霞、 烟、水蒸气、物价、温度、河水、潮水及人的职位等) ;升起;上涨 raise vt. 过去式,过去分词: (raised ; raised)抬高;提高 The sun rises at seven o’clock. Prices have risen steadily during the past ten years. The price of eggs has been raised recently. 2. in the city, the water pipes in some buildings cracks and burst . 在市内,有些建筑物里的水管爆裂开来。 ? crack: vi 开裂;破裂 n. 裂缝 Don’t go skating today---there are dangerous cracks in the ice. ? burst: vi 破裂;开裂 (pt; pp): (burst ; burst ) e.g.: The balloon burst suddenly and we were shocked by it. 气球突然爆炸,我们大吃一惊。 (shock) burst 短语: burst into sth. 或 burst out doing sth.,表示“突然开始(做某事) ” e.g.: burst into tears = burst out crying 表示“ 突然哭起来 ” burst into laughter = laughing 表示“ 突然笑起来 ” burst: n. 【C】a burst of laughter 一阵笑声 a burst of anger 勃然大怒
1

高一必修一 Unit4 之 Language points

3. But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events , were asleep as usual that night.但是, 唐山市的一百万居民几乎都没有 把这些情况当一回事,当天晚上照常睡着了。 ? think little of sth. /sb. 不重视,不在乎,认为…没价值 think nothing of 认为…没什么,对…无所谓 think highly/ well of 对… 评价很高;看重 think badly/ill of 认为… 不好 4. It seemed as if the earth was at an end . 世界似乎到了末日。 ? (1) as if = as though : 仿佛;好像 She spoke to me as if she knew me . (好像她早就认识我似的)。 (2) as if 常用于系动词 feel, look, seem, sound, smell 等后引导表语从 句, 时常可转换成 that 从句: It seemed/seems as if = It seemed/seems that… e.g.: It seemed as if/ that the child was tired . 那个孩子好像是累了。 ? 区分 at an end; at the end of ; by the end of; in the end at an end 结束,终结,一般做表语 at the end of 在….末尾时;在……尽头 by the end of 到…..末为止;在……结束时 in the end 最后,终于 练习: (1) The war was at an end .战争结束了。 (2) At the end of the film we stayed to watch the credits.电影结束后我们留下 来看全体演员表。 (3) By the end of last month, he had been on that ship for two years. 到上个月 末为止,他在那条船上已待了两年。 (4) They gave up the plan in the end. 最终他们放弃了那项计划。 put…to an end 结束,终止 come to an end 完结 end up with 以??结束 5. In fifteen terrible seconds a large city lay in ruins . 在可怕的 15 秒内,一座大城市就沉沦在一片废墟之中。 ? lie vi. ( lay , lain , lying )躺,卧;处于,位于 lie ( lied , lied , lying )撒谎 lay vt. ( laid , laid , laying )放置 6. Two- thirds of them died or were injured during the earthquake. ? 以分数、百分数作为主语的,谓语动词是单数还是复数取决于后面跟 的名词是可数还是不可数。如: 1) One-third (三分之一) of the students in our class are (be) girls. 2) Three-fifths (五分之三) of the soil was washed (wash) away by the flood last night. ? 比较 hurt, wound, injure,harm hurt: 伤害,疼痛。即可指肉体上的伤害,也可指精神上的伤害。 wound: 一般指外伤,多指在战争或打斗中所受的枪伤,刀伤,剑伤。常
2

高一必修一 Unit4 之 Language points

用于被动 injure: 一般指由于意外或事故而受伤。常用于被动 harm:一般指伤害有生命的东西,常指伤及人的健康、权利、事业等 (1) He was badly injured in the accident. (2) What he said hurt me deeply. (3) He got wounded in the fighting. (4) Smoking seriously harmed his health. 7. The number of people who were killed or injured reached more than 400,000. ? the number of : …的数目 ,谓语用 单 数 a number of : 许多的;大量的 ,谓语用 复 数 e.g. (1) The number of the dead has risen to fifty. 死亡人数上升到 50 人。 (2) A number of people have written to express their support. 许多人书面表达了他们的支持。 8. Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed . 人们无论朝哪里看,哪里的一切都几乎被毁了。 ? everywhere 相当于 wherever = no matter where 在这里做 连词 ,引导 让步状语从句 如: Everywhere he appears he is popular. 无论他出现在哪里, 他都是受欢迎的。 ? 区别 destroy, ruin, damage destroy: 毁灭;摧毁;毁坏。表示在肉体上,精神上或道义上彻底摧毁, 使之无法复原。也可指希望,计划等被打破。 (1) An atom bomb would destroy a city. (2) All his hopes were destroyed . ruin: vt. 使毁灭,使崩溃。常指对美好的或希望中的事物的破坏。也可 作名词。 (1) Smoking ruined his health. (2) The island has been ruined by tourism. (3) The house has fallen into ruins . damage: 损害,损毁。一般指对物体或生命的局部损坏。 The accident did some damage to his car. 9. People were shocked . 人们惊呆了。 ? shock: v 意思是 震惊;震动 ,常用于被动;也可作名词,意思是 休 克;打击;震惊 常用结构: be shocked at/by 对…吃惊; be shocked to do sth. 因做某事而吃惊 It shocked sb. to see/ hear? 看到/听到??使某人震惊 【Ex.】He was shocked B his son playing all day. A .knowing B. to know C. at know D. known
3

高一必修一 Unit4 之 Language points

10. Some of rescue workers and doctors were trapped under the ruins. ? rescue: n/v 意思是 援救;营救 ? trap n. 陷阱 ; vt. 使…陷入困境 be trapped in? 困在??中,陷在??中 trap sb. into(doing) sth. 诱 使某人(做)某事 The miners who had trapped for two days in the mine were rescued finally. 被困在煤矿里两天的矿工们最后终于得到了营救。 11. All hope was not lost. 翻译: 并非所有的希望都破灭了。 ? all…not = not all…. 意为 “并不都” ,表示部分否定。 在英语中,all, both, every, everyone, everything 等与否定词 not 连用时, 表示的是部分否定,意为“并非都?? ,并非总是??” ★ 注: 若要表示全部否定, 则用相应的表示全部否定的词。 如: all→none, both→neither, everyone→no one (nobody) , everything→nothing 等 部分否定 全部否定 I don’t know all of them. I know none of them. Not everyone agrees with me. Nobody agrees with me. All that glitters is not gold. None glitters here is gold. 【Using Language】 1. Congratulations! 恭喜你! ? congratulation 作“祝贺语”讲时常用复数形式。 表示 “因某事向某人祝贺” 时常用 (offer、 send one’s) congratulations to sb. on sth.。 2. Your speech was heard by a group of judges, all of whom agreed that it was the best one his year. 评委会的五位评委听了你的演讲,他们都认为你的演 讲是今年最好的。 本句为主从复合句。是由“介词 +关系代词”引导的非限制性定语从 句,补充说明前面的 judges;在该定语从句中,that 引导宾语从句。 ? judge n.& v. judge by/ from… 由??判断(该短语作状语时,常 用现在分词形式) n.法官,审判员 v.判断;断定;认为 vt.裁判;评判;担任裁判 That judge judged that these ancient pictures should be judged by some judges of art. 那位法官认为这些古画应该有一些艺术鉴定家来鉴定 3. Your parents and your school should be very proud of you!你的父母和你的 学校都应为你而骄傲! ? be proud of “为??而骄傲/自豪” ,后跟名词、代词或动名词作宾语 proud 的名词为 pride, 常用短语 take pride in “从??中获得自豪” He took pride in his achievements. 他为自己的成就感到自豪。
4


更多相关文档:

Book1Unit4 语言点

Book1Unit4 语言点_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高一必修一 Unit4 之 Language points Unit 4 Earthquakes [Warming up]& [pre-reading] 1. Now, image there ha...

book1 unit4语言点训练案

book1 unit4语言点训练案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。book1 unit4 重点语言点 训练 测试Book1 Unit4 知识点训练案一、根据句意用本单元所学单词的正确形式填空。...

高中英语Book1Unit4语言点

高中英语Book1Unit4语言点_高二英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高中英语Book1Unit4语言点今日推荐 88份文档 2014年全国注册造价工程师 ...

人教版高一英语 book1 unit4语言点学案

人教版高一英语 book1 unit4语言点学案_英语_高中教育_教育专区。Unit4 Earthquake Language Points For students 一 根据提示写出相对应的汉语或英语(反复读写,把...

牛津高中英语模块六Unit 1-4语言点

牛津高中英语模块六Unit 1-4语言点_高二英语_英语_高中教育_教育专区。牛津高中英语模块六语言点 Unit 1 Laughter is good for you 、Reading 1. stand up ...

Unit1Book4语言点(供复习)

63页 1财富值 unit1book4 14页 2财富值如要投诉违规内容,请到百度文库投诉中心;如要提出功能问题或意见建议,请点击此处进行反馈。 ...

Book1Unit 4知识点

book1unit5教案4 5页 1财富值 知识点4 暂无评价 3页 免费 知识点4 暂无评价 2页 免费如要投诉违规内容,请到百度文库投诉中心;如要提出功能问题或意见建议,请...

Book 4 语言点(复习1-4)

Book 4 语言点(复习1-4) 好好隐藏>> Book 4 Unit 1 I. New words 1. respectable a. considered to be socially acceptable 体面的,正派的 a respectable...

Book 4 Unit 1 语言点

高一英语必修 4 内容要点 Book 4 Unit 1 语言点 1. achieve 「课文原句」She has achieved everything she wanted to do… (P3) 「名师点拨」achieve v. ...

单元知识点-BOOK1UNIT4

单​元​知​识​点​-​B​O​O​K​1​U​N​I​T​4 暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档单元知识点 BOOK 1 UNIT 4 TEST ...
更多相关标签:
book4 unit1 | book6 unit1 art | book2 unit1 | book1 unit5 | book1 unit3 | book1 unit5 writing | 英语周报book4unit5 | book4 unit2 |
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com