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倒装 强调


倒装 一、完全倒装 完全倒装即将整个谓语部分全部放在主语之前,主要用于以下几种情况: 1.以某些副词开头的句子,如:here, there, now, then, up, down, in, out, away, thus, ahead, back, over, off 等,谓语动词为 be, come, exist, fall, follow, go, lie, remain, seem, stand, run 等,而主语 又是名词时,构成完全倒装句。Away flew the bird. Then followed three days of rain. 注意:主语是人称代词不倒装。 In he came and the lesson began. Thus began the revolution. 2.介词短语置于句首,表方位,表地点时。 Among the children was their teacher who was loved by her pupils. Through the window came in the terrible smell. 3. 在 there be 句型中或 there 加其它表示类似“存在”的动词(如 seem, happen, exist, stand, lie, appear, live, rise 等)结构中。 There stands a large chemical plant near our school. 二、部分倒装 部分倒装即将谓语的一部分,如助动词、情态动词或系动词置于主语之前。应用于下列情景 1. Only+状语或状语从句置于句首时。 Only when one loses freedom does one know its value. 注意:only 后接主语不倒装。Only five people were injured in the accident. 2. 否定副词、 短语或否定状语从句位于句首时, 句子要部分倒装。 此类词有 neither, nor, never, not, nowhere, hardly, scarcely, rarely, seldom, little, no longer, at no time, by no means, in no way, in no case, under no circumstances, on no account, not only, not until, in vain 等。 By no means was he able to handle the tough problem. 注意: 如果 hardly, scarcely 后面接的是 any, ever, at all 时,意义类似 almost no/ not/ never(几乎 不、从不) ,则无须倒装。 Hardly any people having been invited went there. 3. 当一些关联词如 no sooner?than, scarcely?when, hardly?when, not only?but also, neither. . . nor 等位于句首时,从句部分要倒装。 No sooner had he come back home than it began to rain. 注意:只有当 not only? but also 连接两个分句时,才在第一个分句用倒装结构。如果置于句首 的 not only? but also 仅连接两个并列词语,不用倒装结构。Not only did we lose all our money, but we also came close to losing our lives. Not only you but also I am fond of music. 4. 当 “so/such? that” 结构中的 so, such 位于句首时。 So proud is the young man that he is reluctant to accept others’ opinion. 5. often, always, once, many a time, now and again, every other day, every two hours 等表频率时 Many a time has he helped me with my schoolwork. 6. 形容词位于句首时。 Lucky is he who has been enrolled into a famous university.在此句型中, 形容词在句子中作 be 动词的表语。 一般副词、 分词或介词短语被强调时, 句子也可以完全倒装。 例如: Lying on the grass was a wounded soldier.

7. 当 so, neither, nor 位于句首加强语气时。 He didn’t say anything.Nor/Neither did his mother. 注意:指代同一物体时不倒装。It is warm today. So it is! 三、倒装的特殊情况 1. 由 as 或 though 引导的让步状语从句有时也用倒装句,即把表语或部分谓语提前。Try as he might, he couldn’t open the box. 2. 由 no matter how, however 和 how 引导的状语从句部分倒装,因为形容词或副词通常紧跟在 这三个引导词后面, 然后才是主语和谓语, 形成形式上的部分倒装句。 I’ ll go to school no matter how hot it is. 3.在表示祝愿的句型中。May our country become prosperous and strong. 4.if 引导的虚拟条件从句,如果省略 if,就将 were,should 和 had 置于从句的主语前。Should you change your mind, no one would blame you. 练习 1. Try______ she might, Sue couldn’t get the door open. (全国卷 I) A. if B. when C. sine D. as 2. Only when he reached the tea-house ______ it was the same place he’ d been in last year. (全国卷 I) A. he realized B. he did realize C. realized he D. did he realize 3. —It’s nice. Never before ______ such a special drink! (福建卷) —I’m glad you like it. A. I have had B. I had C. have I had D. had I 4. Only after they had discussed the matter for a few hours _____a decision. A. they reached B. did they reach C. they reach D. do they reach 5. John opened the door. There ___ he had never seen before. (陕西) A. a girl did stand B. a girl stood C. did a girl stand D. stood a girl 6. I am going to the meeting, and _____. A. so does Dave B. so is Dave C. so goes Dave D. Dave is so 7. We laugh at jokes, but seldom ____ about how they work.(四川) A.we think B.think we C.we do think D.do we think 8. At the meeting place of the Yangtze River and Jialing River ____ , one of the largest cities in China. (重庆) A. lies Chongqing B. Chongqing lies C. does lie Chongqing D. does Chongqing lie 9. —Is everyone here?—Not yet…Look, there__ the rest of our guests! A. come B. comes C. is coming D. are coming 10. Not until he left his home ______to know how important the family was for him.(江西) A. did he begin B. had he began C. he began D. he has began 11. _____ got on the train when it started to move. A. Scarcely I had B. Scarcely had I C. No sooner I had D. No sooner had I 12. Not only ____ all our money, but we also came close to losing our lives. A. do we lose B.

have we lost C. had we lost D. did we lose 13. So fast _____ that it is difficult for us to imagine its speed. A. light travels B. travels the light C. do light travels D. does light travel Answers: DDCBD BDAAA BDD it 和强调句型 ---北京四中 周敏 强调句型 It is/was + 被强调部分 + that/who/whom + 其他部分 I met Tom in the street this morning. It was I who/that met Tom in the street this morning. It was Tom whom/that I met in the street this morning. It was in the street that I met Tom this morning. It was this morning that I met Tom in the street. It was not until midnight that he came back home. 指代刚提到的东西以避免重复。 My pen is lost. I’m looking for it. 确指是谁(在某处或做某事) Who is that (knocking at the door)? It’s me. 指动物或未知性别的婴儿 Is it a boy or a girl? 指天气、时间、距离、环境等 It’s twenty minutes’ drive to our university. 形式主语,形式宾语 It hit/struck/occurred to me that he might be the right person for the job. I find it important to learn English. 练习 1. The weather in summer in Beijing is cooler than ___ in Shanghai. A. that B. it C. this D. one 2. —It’s a lovely day, isn’t it?—Yes. I love _____ when the weather is like this. Why don’t we sit outside and have our lunch? A. this B. that C. one D. it 3. The baby is crying. Who is looking after _____? A. her B. him C. it D. that 4. ___ took him two years to write that book. A. That B. This C. It D. What 5. —Who is there?—Oh, _____ Alice. A. he is B. she is C. this is D. it is 6. My pen is missing. I can’t find _____ anywhere. A. that B. this C. it D. one

7. Was it on a lonely island ______ he was saved one month after the boat went down? (四川卷) A. where B. that C. which D. what 8. It is not how much we do but how much love we put into what we do ______ benefits our work most. (陕西卷) A. who B. which C. that D. what 9. —Have you seen the film Under the Hawthorn Tree? — Of course, I have. It was in our village _____ it was made. A. that B. where C. when D. which 10. It’s not what we do once in a while ______ shapes our lives, but what we do consistently. (湖南 卷) A .which B. that C. how D. when 11. It was from only a few supplies that she had bought in the village _______ the hostess cooked such a nice dinner. (安徽) A. where B. that C. when D. which 12. John's success has nothing to do with good luck. It is years of hard work ______ has made him what he is today. (湖南) A. why B. when C. which D. that 13. The doctor thought ______ would be good for you to have a holiday. (全国 II) A. this B. that C. one D. it 14. The fact that she was foreign made _____difficult for her to get a job in that country. (辽宁) A. so B. much C. that D. it 15. We feel _____ our duty to make our country a better place. A. it B. this C. that D. one 16. ——I’ve read another book this week. (浙江) ——Well, maybe _____ is not how much you read but what you read that counts. A. this B. that C. there D. it 17. Being a parent is not always easy, and being the parent of a child with special needs often carries with _________ extra stress. (北京) A. it B. them C. one D. him 18. They are good friends. _____ is no wonder that they know each other so well. A. This B. That C. There D. It 19. Was it during the Second World War _____ he died? A. that B. while C. in which D. then 20. I’ve just seen no more than one copy of Gone with the Wind in the bookshop opposite. Tom, go and buy _____ back. A. one B. any C. it D. some 21. It’s _____ thing to enjoy watching someone playing football, but it’s quite _____ to play football yourself. A. a; another B. one; other C. one; another D. a; other

22. —Have you heard the news? —Yes, I’ve got _____ from your brother. A. it B. them C. they D. their 23. —Do you like the pen I bought for you? —Yes, very much. It’s just _____ I wanted. A. one B. that C. this one D. the one 24. Understanding the culture habits of another nation, especially _____ containing as many different subcultures as the United States, is a difficult task. A. one B. it C. that D. the one Answers:ADCCD CBCAB BDDDA DADAC CADA


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