1.前置。单个的过去分词作定语，放在被 修饰的名词前，表被动和完成的意思。 A.表 被动意义 an honoured guest 一个受尊敬的客人 the injured worker那个受伤的工人 B. 表完成意义 a retired teacher一个退休的老师 a fallen leave一片落叶
被修辞的名词间有被动 的关系,放在被修饰的名词后，可以转换成一 个表被动的定语从句。
Eg. Local people invited to attend a meeting are very pleased to share their experiences. = Local people who are invited to attend a meeting are very pleased to share their experiences.
1.前置。单个的现在分词作定语，放在被修 饰的名词前，表主动和进行意思。 a running boy 一个奔跑的男孩 The sleeping boy is Tom.那个正在睡觉的男 孩是汤姆。
现在分词短语放在所修饰的名词后，相当 于一个定语从句。 1.The girl standing under the tree is beautiful.= The girl who is standing under the tree is beautiful.
Tom, wearing beautiful clothes, followed me down the hill. = Tom, who is wearing beautiful clothes, followed me down the hill. Tell the children playing outside not to make too much noise. = Tell the children who are playing outside not to make too much noise.
6. The ____ A waiter came up to us and said, “You are welcome.” A. smiling B. smiled C. smile D. to smile 7. Do you know the boy___ under the big tree? A. lay B. lain C. laying D. lying
1.Most of the artists _____to the party were from South Africa. A. invite B. inviting C.invited D.to invited 3. The ship, ____ by a piece of iceberg, came to a sudden stop. A. hit B. hitted C. hitting D. hits
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