Unit 4 Body language
Syllabus Vocabulary A．释义记词
tion， facial， function， subjective， hug 6．The function of the heart is to pump blood through the body. 7．Judging from his facial expression, we knew that he was very angry. 8．Race to the door when he comes home, as if you were waiting for him. Smile and hug him.
9．How can you fully believe his subjective judgment? 10．About twenty people have joined the association.
C．提示猜词 11.statement n．?搭配： make a～陈述；发表声明 词： announcement, declaration 12．greet vi. & vt.?搭配： ～sb. with a nod向某人点头致 意； ～warmly热烈欢迎 近义词： welcome, say hello to sb. 近义
13．approach vt. & vi. & n．?搭配： ～to the city通往城 里的路； with the～of随着??的来临； ～to 近义词： entrance; gathering method,
information收集信息的方法 means, way
14．major adj.?搭配： ～in English主修英语 chief, main, leading 反义词： minor
15．rank n．?搭配： social～社会等级； upper～上层； 高级别； under sb. in～地位低于某人 status 近义词： class, position,
D．联想构词 16．represent vt. 代表；象征?representation n. 表现；描 述；描绘；表现形式 17．curious adj. 好奇的?curiously adv. 好奇地 18．defend vt. 保护；保卫?defence n. 防御；保卫
19．misunderstand vt. 误解；误会?misunderstood(过去式) ?misunderstood(过去分词)?misunderstanding n. 误解；误会 20．false adj.错误的；假的?falsely adv.错误地
Key Phrases E．短语完形 21．defend against 保卫??以免受 22．be likely to 很可能??；有希望?? 23．in general 总的来说；通常 24．at ease 舒适；快活；自由自在 25．lose face 丢脸 26．turn one's back to 背对；背弃
F．短语填空(选择以上短语填空) 27．It is likely to rain, for dark clouds are gathering. 28．He is a tough man to deal with and I never feel completely at ease with him. 29．In general her work has been good, but this essay is not so good. 30．I went over to say hello to her, but she turned her back to me.
31．He was afraid of failure because he didn't want to lose face in front of his colleagues.
Key Sentences G．原句诵读 32．After half an hour of waiting for their flight to arrive, I saw several young people enter (enter) the waiting area looking (look) around curiously. 33．The first person to_arrive (arrive) was Tony Garcia from Colombia, closely followed (follow) by Julia Smith from Britain.
34．Then Akira Nagata from Japan came in smiling (smile), together with George Cook from Canada. 35．Not all cultures greet each other the same way, nor are they (他们也不是) comfortable in the same way with touching or distance between people. 36．These actions are not good or bad, but are simply ways in_which (介词＋关系代词) cultures have developed.
37．Making (make) a fist and shaking (shake) it almost always means that someone is angry and threatening another person. 38．In almost every culture, it is not usually good to stand (stand) too close to someone of a higher rank.
Grammar H．单元语法填空(动词ing形式作状语) 39．Having_finished (finish) their work, they had a rest. 40．He dropped the glass, breaking (break) it into pieces. 41．Though raining (rain) heavily, it cleared up very soon. 42．Not_knowing (not know) his address, we couldn't get in touch with him. 43．The children came into the classroom, laughing (laugh) and talking (talk).
Words 考点1 【教材原句】 represent vt.代表；象征 another student and I,
representing our university's student association, went to the capital International Airport to meet this year's international students.
【归纳拓展】 ?1?represent vt.代表；象征 represent ... as ...把??描绘成?? represent oneself as/to be自称是?? represent sth. to sb.向某人说明某事；向某人传达某事 (2)representation n．表现；描述；描绘；表现形式 make representation to ...与??交涉；向??提出抗议 (3)representative n．代表 adj.典型的；有代表性的
He was chosen to represent the company at the conference. 他被公司选为会议代表。 The king is represented as a cruel man in the play. 剧中国王的形象是一个残忍的人。
represent, on behalf of, stand for
represent：指“代表某人/某团体/政府等；某种标志代表 什么；某物?书、雕像等?表现的是什么”或“把某人/物描绘成什 么”。 on behalf of：只作状语，指“代表/代替某人”。 stand for：常用来指字母、数字、符号等“代表/象征什 么”。
对 点 自 测 Ⅰ.完成句子 ①Who will represent our government to give talks at the conference? 谁将代表政府在会上发言？ ②He represented himself to be a friend of us. 他自称是我们的朋友。
③I will represent to him the risk he is running. 我要向他指明他所面临的险境。
Ⅱ.对比填空 ④The letters PLA stand_for the People's Liberation Army. ⑤He spoke on_behalf_of all the members of the school. ⑥He represented our school to take part in the competition.
考点 2 【教材原句】
... I saw several young people enter the
waiting area looking around curiously.
【归纳拓展】 ?1?curious adj.好奇的 be curious about ...对??好奇 be curious to do急于做?? It is curious that ...??很反常 ?2?curiosity n.好奇；好奇心 out of curiosity出于好奇 in/with curiosity好奇地
It's good to be curious about the world around you. 对你周围的世界感到新奇是件好事。 Curiously enough, the same thing happened again. 说来也奇怪，一模一样的事又发生了。 The children were curious to know what was happening over that. 孩子们好奇地想知道那边正在发生什么。
对 点 自 测 Ⅰ.语法填空(介、副词) ①In/With curiosity, I didn't feel at all nervous when I faced the audience. ②The little boy was curious about the origin of human beings. ③She did that just out of curiosity.
Ⅱ.完成句子 ④They were very curious about the people who lived upstairs. 他们对住在楼上的人感到好奇。 ⑤It's very curious that she left without saying goodbye. 她没道别就离开了，真奇怪。 ⑥I'm curious to know what he said. 我极想知道他说了什么。
approac vt. & vi.接近；靠近；走近 h 方法；途径
【教材原句】 Tony approached Julia, touched her shoulder and kissed her on the cheek!
【归纳拓展】 ?1?approach n.接近；方法；途径 an approach to ?doing? sth.?待人接物或思考问题的?方法；方 式；态度 at the approach of sth.在快到??的时候 the approach to sp.通向某地的路径 (2)approach vt. & vi.接近；靠近；走近 approach sb. about/for sth.向某人要求/建议某事
The job market has changed, our approach to finding work must change as well. 就业市场改变了，我们找工作的途径也要改变。 All the approaches to the airport were blocked by the police. 所有开往机场的通道都被警察封锁了。
对 点 自 测 Ⅰ.对号入座
①We approached the museum.A A.vt.接近；走近 B．vi.接近；到来 C．n.接近；到来 D．n.方法 E．n.途径；通道 ②The approach of winter brings cold weather.C ③We want to find better approaches to the study of physics.D ④The time for graduation is approaching.B ⑤The approach to the house was a narrow path.E
Ⅱ.语法填空(介词) ⑥I like his approach to the problem. ⑦The approach of the exam is making her nervous. ⑧Did he approach you about/for the matter？
考点 4 【教材原句】
She stepped back appearing surprised and
put up her hands, as if in defence.
【归纳拓展】 ?1?defend vt.保护；保卫；免遭 defend sb./sth. from保护某人/物?? defend sb. against保卫某人抵御?? defend sb.为某人辩护 ?2?defence n.保护；防卫 in defence of为了保卫?? in sb.'s/sth.'s defence为??辩护；在??的防备下
He did his best to defend us from harm. 他竭尽全力保护我们免受伤害。 The accused man had a lawyer to defend him. 被告有律师为其辩护。
defend, protect, guard
defend：指用武力或其他措施来保护某人或某物，使其在 面临危险时不受损害，受其保护的对象既可以是具体的 ?如国土、家园及人员等?，也可以是抽象的?如权利、利益及 政治观点等?，该词语义最强。 protect：侧重保护自己免受外部伤害。 guard：指格外小心地“防范”或“警戒”实际存在的或 可能出现的危险，防止可能发生的攻击或侵害。
对 点 自 测 Ⅰ.语法填空(介、副词) ①They took up arms in defence of their country. ②He made a long speech defending his views from objection (反对)． ③The soldiers fought in defence of their country's safety.
Ⅱ.对比填空 ④Their duty is to defend the country against its enemy. ⑤He raised his arm to protect his face. ⑥The dog was guarding its owner's house. ⑦She has employed several lawyers to defend her son.
However, people from places like Spain, Italy
or South American countries approach others closely and are more likely to touch them. 【要点提示】 likely既可以用人也可以用物作主语。句中
是likely的一个句型： be likely to do sth.。
【归纳拓展】 sb./sth. be likely to do sth.某人/某事可能?? It is likely that ...可能??
Armed conflict is likely to break out between the two countries. 这两国间有可能发生武装冲突。 It is likely that he will win. 他可能会获胜。
likely, possible, probable
likely：是指从外表、迹象上进行判断，有可能发生。 possible指客观上有可能，但往往含有希望很小的意味。probable 的可能比possible大，表示“很可能；十有八九”。 probable：只能用于It is probable that ...句型中。 possible：和probable都不能用人作主语，常用句型有：It is possible ?for sb.? to do sth.或It is possible that ...
对 点 自 测 Ⅰ.同义句转换 ①It is likely that she will ring me tonight. ?She is likely to ring me tonight.
Ⅱ.完成句子 ②It is likely that they will lose the election. 他们可能会在竞选中失败。 ③The young man who works hard will be most likely to succeed. 那位工作刻苦的年轻人最有可能获得成功。
Ⅲ.对比填空 ④If you sleep short of 7 hours, you are three times likely to catch a cold. ⑤It seems probable that we might meet some unexpected troubles. ⑥Would it be possible for me to leave a message for her？
Phrases 考点6 【教材原句】 in general 总的来说；通常
In general, though, studying international
customs can certainly help avoid difficulties in today's world of cultural crossroads!
Generally speaking, we enjoyed the trip. 总的来说，我们这次旅行很愉快。 In general, her work has been good. 总的来说她的作品不错。
对 点 自 测 完成句子 ①As a whole (就整体来看), the book is worth reading. ②In a word (总之), we should take measures to prevent air pollution. ③Generally speaking/In general (一般来说), women cry more easily than men. ④I like games in general (大体上), and especially football.
at ease 舒适；快活；自由自在 The most universal facial expression is, of
course, the smile — its function is to show happiness and put people at ease.
【归纳拓展】 feel/look at ease感到/看上去心情放松 put/set sb. at ease使某人放松/松弛 take one's ease休息；轻松一下 ease sb. of sth.减轻/消除某人的?痛苦、负担等? at ease舒适；自由自在?可作表语和状语? with ease容易地；轻松地?只作状语?
Don't overwork yourself and take your ease. 不要过度操劳，休息一会儿。 You'd better listen to some light music to put you at ease. 你最好听些轻音乐，使自己放松一下。
对 点 自 测 Ⅰ.语法填空(介词) ①He answered the question with ease. ②Her smiling face set him at ease. ③What can we do to ease him of his troubles?
Ⅱ.选词填空 take； put/set； look； feel ④He sat back on the chair looking at ease. ⑤I did my best to make him feel at ease. ⑥She sat down and took her ease by the fire. ⑦The dentist soon put/set the small girl at ease.
考点 8 【教材原句】
lose face 丢脸
There are unhappy smiles, such as when
someone “loses face” and smiles to hide it.
【归纳拓展】 ?1?face n.脸面 save one's face挽回脸面 in face of面对；在??面前；不顾?问题，困难等?；由于；因为 pull/make faces/a face耷拉着脸/做鬼脸 face to face面对面地 ?2?face v.面对 face up to勇敢地面对/对付 be faced with面临；面对
对 点 自 测 Ⅰ.选词填空 save， pull， make， in ①In face of the mistakes, Jack made a face in order to save his face. But the manager was very serious, pulling a long face.
Ⅱ.短语填空 ②Lily and I sat face to face. 莉莉和我面对面坐着。 ③Jack felt he lost face when his father scolded him in front of his friends. 父亲当着他朋友们的面斥责他，使杰克感到很丢面子。
Sentences 考点9 “the first/second/last ...＋名词＋to do”句式 The first person to arrive was Tony Garcia
from Colombia, closely followed by Julia Smith from Britain. 【要点提示】 被序数词、形容词最高级或only, no, all, any
等限制词修饰的名词。一般用不定式作定语，且与该名词为主动 关系。句中person被the first修饰，用不定式to arrive作后置定 语， person与arrive存在逻辑上的主谓关系。
【归纳拓展】 ?1?不定式一般只作后置定语，表示尚未发生的将来动作。 ?2?常见的用不定式作定语的名词有： ability， chance，
idea， promise， fact， excuse， answer， reply， attempt， belief， reason， way， time， moment等。
?3?作定语的不定式在下列情况下要有必要的介词： ①不定式是不及物动词； ②不定式所修饰的词是不定式动作的地点、工具等。 ?4?作定语的不定式和被修饰词是逻辑上的动宾关系，但如果 动作是由句子的主语，或是句子中另外一个名词/代词发出的， 则不定式用主动形式表达被动意义。
对 点 自 测 Ⅰ.句式分析 ①I'm the first person to get to the office. (person被the first修饰， person与不定式之间是逻辑上的主 谓/主动关系，即person执行get动作)
②He has the ability to adapt to the new environment. (ability是接不定式作定语的名词，不定式实际上是在解释说 明该名词的内容，它们之间是同位关系) ③He is a nice person to get along with. (get along为不及物动词短语，故加上介词with) ④He has a beautiful house to live in. (house是不定式动作的地点，故加上介词in)
⑤You give me a piece of paper to write on. (不定式与paper之间存在逻辑上的动宾/被动关系，由于 write动作由me发出，故不定式用主动形式表达被动意义) ⑥The car to be bought next month is for his father. 下个月要买的汽车是给他父亲的。 (car与buy之间存在逻辑上的动宾/被动关系)
Ⅱ.语法填空(不多于3个单词) ⑦He is always the first to_come (come) and the last to_leave (leave)． ⑧I must keep the promise to_pay (pay) within a month.
copyright ©right 2010-2020。