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高中英语必修五unit1 知识点


1.characteristic 特征特性 It’s characteristic of sb to do sth.这是某人做某事的特点 2.put forward 提出,推荐,把…提前,拨快(钟) put forward a good suggesion 提出 put you forward as 推荐你为… You ought to put your watch forwardby ten minutes. put oneself forward 毛遂自荐,出风头 put forwardthe production 促进生产 3.conclude 结束推断出 conclusion n. draw a conclusion 得出结论 draw the conclusion that 得出…的结论 bring…to a conclusion.使结束 come to/ draw/ reach/ arrive at a conclusion 结束,告一段落,得出一个结论。 In conclusion=finally 最后 Conclude sth .(from sth.) 推断出断定 Conclude (from sth.) that 推断出断定 Conclude sth. with sth.以…结束 4.analyse 分析 analysis n. analyses 复数 analyticaladj. 5.infect 传染 Infectious adj Be infected with 被…感染上 6.expert adj 熟练的,经验或知识丰富的。n.专家 beexpert in. 7.attend 照顾;护理;出席;参加 attend a meeting/ a wedding/ school/ church/ sb attend to sb 照顾某人/ 认真听某人说 attend on sb (无微不至地)照顾/伺候/服务某人 8.expose 暴露揭露使曝光 Exposure n. Be expose to 暴露于 exposesth./sb./oneself to sth My job as journalist is to expose the truth.我作为记者的职责就是揭露事实。 Being exposed to too much light hunts our skin. Expose your children to as many cultures as possible. 9.cure 治愈 Find a cure for sth 治疗…的方法 Cure sb of sth 治愈某人的疾病 10.challenge 挑战向…挑战 Face a challenge 面临着挑战 offer a challenge 具有挑战性 accept a challenge 接受挑战 sb. Challenge sb.

11.absorb 吸收,吸引,使专心 be absorbed in doing sth 聚精会神做 sth absorb light/knowledge/nutrition. 12.suspect 认为怀疑。 Suspicious adj. Suspect sb of sth Suspect …to be.. What she said sounded convincing ,but I suspectit to be a lie. 13. investigate 调查 Investigation n. =Look into=see to sth. 14.blame vt.责备谴责 n.过失,责备 be to blame 该受责备 You’re not to blame for what happened. Blame sb for sth She blamed him for the failure of their marriage . Blame sth on sb Who is to blame for the big fire? 谁该为那场大火负责? Bear/take/get the blame for 对…承担责任 Put/lay the blame on sb 怪在…身上 15link 连接;联系 Link … to … 将…和…联系或连接起来 Link together 把…连接在一起 Link up with 与…联合;使与…衔接 Regular air trafficlinks the cityto the rest of the country. 16.announce 宣布通告 It is announced that have an announcement to make 17.instruct 命令指示教导 Instruct sb to do Instruct that sb should do Follow the instructions ask for instructions 请示 installation instructions 安装说明书;安装说明装配规定 18construct 建设修建 Under construction 19.contribute 贡献捐献捐助 Make a contribution to Contributesth. to Smoking contributes to lung cancer. 20 apart from 除..之外;此外 Besides expect 辨析 21.firework Set off fireworks 22.chart 图表;航海图;排行榜

They laid out the chart of their destiny to come. 他们展开了他们未来命运的蓝图。 23.positive negative 24.be strict with 对…严格 25.revolutionary adj 革命的 n.革命家 26.make sense 讲得通;有意义 Make sense of 弄懂… in a sense 在某种意义上;在一定程度上 common sense 普通的见识;常识 make great sense to dose’n make any sense to there is no sense in doing sth. 27.loop 圈 In the loop 在决策圈内 A belt loop 皮带 The news really knocked me for a loop. 让我惊慌失措 28.spin 使旋转纺 Spin a coin 旋转硬币 go for a spin. 兜风 Spin a story 编造故事 Spin sth off 派生出 spin sth out 拖延 Give sth a spin 用脱水机给 sth 脱水 29.enthusiastic 热情的热心的 Be enthusiastic about 热衷于 30.cautions 小心的,谨慎的,细心的 Be cautions of/about (doing) sth.谨防 31.reject 拒绝 Rejectone’s offer of help Be rejected by 被。 。 。拒绝 32.Make room for 为…腾地方 33.handle 门把手处理操纵 handle with 处理 door handle get a handle on [口语]控制,掌握,驾驭,左右 handle with care 小心轻放;小心装卸 Do you know how to handle the machine? 你知道这机器应怎样操作吗? 33.Without any movement as if dead 像死了一样一动不动 34.Life-changing experiences 令生活改变的经历 35.Once seen,it can never be forgotten.它令人过目不忘 36.they would link up with each other. 37.So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.

38. So good was the news that everyone laughed. 39. This is so large a room that it can hold a great number of people =This is such a large room that it can hold a great number of people 40.Fallen leaves buried in the earth. 41.Only if you put the sun there did the movements of the other planets in the sky make sense. 42 People absorved this disease into their bodies. 43.gather information. 44.make further investigations. 45.the water was to blame. 46.She had it delivered to her house every day. 47.where the out break was very severe 48.developed a severe illness 49.the past participle 50.lie dying 51.Yet Copernicus’ theory is now the basis on which all our ideas of the universe are built. 52.Paragraph 1:Tell Copernicus who you are and why you want him to publish his ideas. Paragraph 2: The first reason.( eg problems with the present theory) Paragraph3: The second reason.(eg: science cannot develop unless people publish their ideas) Conclusion: Ask him again to reconsider publishing his ideas. 53.presuasive writing


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