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【创新设计】2014-2015学年高中英语课时精练:Unit 22 Period 1(北师大版选修八,课标通版)]


Unit 22 Environmental Protection Period One Warmup and Lesson 1 课时精练(北师大版选修 8,课标通用)
时间:45 分钟 Ⅰ.用适当的介、副词填空 1.Because ________ the greenhouse effect, the Earth is ________ the atmosphere.

2 . Global warming is an increase ________ time of the ________ the Earth. 3.Global warming refers ________ an average increase in that, in turn, leads ________ climate change. the Earth's temperature average temperature warmed by gases trapped

4.The amount of carbon dioxide ________ the atmosphere has risen ________ more than 30% in the last 250 years ________ half of this increase occurring since 1960. 5.Many experts insist that the blame ________ this pinned ________ human activities. global warming can mostly be

6.If we continue to produce carbon dioxide and other gases ________ such huge quantities, we are condemning life ________ Earth. 7 . Serious diseases will spread and industries that rely ________ fishing will be badly affected. ________ nature such

8.If less carbon dioxide goes ________ the atmosphere,global warming will slow ________. 9.Even simple things like using recycled paper or switching ________ the lights when you leave a room can help. 10. If we add ________ all these small changes made ______ everyone worldwide, they won't be such small changes. 答案 1.of;in 2.over;of 3.to;to 4.in;by;with 7.on;as 8.into;down 9.off

5.for;on 10.up;by Ⅱ.单词拼写

6.in;on

1.Because of the greenhouse effect,the Earth is warmed by gases ________(困在) in the atmosphere.

2.Overfishing is harmful to the ________(生态) of the sea. 3.Breweries are often built in nature ________(保护区). 4.In the last few decades,scientists have reached ________(一致的意见) that human beings are causing changes in the Earth's climate. 5.How is global warming ________ (与……相联系) to our lives? 6.Without these naturally occurring gases,the sun's rays would b________ back into space. 7.If you continute to produce CO2 and other gases,you are c________ life on Earth. 8.Many people believe that they are simply not prepared to s________ the amount of money they make from industry to save the Earth. 9.They suggest making small changes like taking public transport and r________. 10.After all,there's no s________ for our Earth. 答案 1.trapped 2.ecology 3.reserves 4.consensus 5.relevant 6.bounce

7.condemning 8.sacrifice 9.recycling 10.substitute Ⅲ.佳句翻译与仿写 1.In the last few decades,scientists have reached consensus and reported that human beings are causing changes in the Earth's climate—something previously seen as beyond our control. 翻译:__________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________ 仿写:在过去的四年里,汤姆游遍了中国的大部分城市。 ____________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 2.Looking ahead,scientists believe that global warming could be one of the biggest environmental problems facing the 21st century. 翻译:____________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 仿写:受到老师的鼓励后,李华展望未来,充满了信心。 ________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________ 3.Without these naturally occurring gases,the sun's rays would bounce back into

space leaving the Earth cold

and impossible to live on.

翻译:__________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 仿写:如果地球上没有水,植物就会死亡。 _____________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 4. As a result of increased industry, agriculture, the cutting down of forests, the increase in transport and the burning of fuels, nearly 6 tonnes of carbon dioxide goes into the atmosphere every year for every one of the Earth's 6 billion people. 翻译:_________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ 仿写:她由于交通阻塞而迟到了。 _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 5.This is no easy task,however,and some governments, federal government,express caused by human activities. 翻译:_______________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ 仿写:这种病是否会传染还存有疑问。 There is some doubt as to ____________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________. 答案 1.在过去的几十年里,科学家一致认为,人类正在造成地球气候的变化—— 这是一种原来被认为是超出我们控制能力的现象。 In the last four years,Tom has traveled to most of the cities in China. 2.展望未来,科学家们认为全球变暖可能是二十一世纪所面临的最严重的环境问 题之一。 Looking ahead,Li Hua is full of confidence after his teacher encouraged him. for example,the USA's

reservations about whether global warming is really

3.如果没有这些自然生成的气体,太阳光线就会反射回太空中,使得地球处于寒 冷之中,不适合生物生存。 Plants would die without water on the earth.

4.由于工业、农业(的规模)不断扩大,成片成片的森林被砍伐,交通运输日益频 繁,燃料消耗不断增长,对于地球上 60 亿人口中的每个人来说,每年有大约 6 公吨的二氧化碳被释放到大气中。 She was late as a result of the traffic jam. 5.这不是一项简单的工作,然而一些政府,例如美国的联邦政府,对于全球变暖 是否真正由人类活动引起仍持保留意见。 whether the illness is infectious Ⅳ.单项填空 1.Revise reported speech and practise vocabulary ________ global warming, natural disasters and ________ animals.

A.relating to; endangering B.related to; endangering C.relating to; endangered D.related to; endangered 解析 句意:复习间接引语并练习与全球变暖、自然灾害及濒危动物有关的单

词。第一空 relating to“与……有关”,现在分词短语作定语修饰 vocabulary; 第二空 endangered“濒危的”,修饰 animals。因 animals 与 endanger 构成被动 关系,故用其过去分词作定语。所以应选 C 项。 答案 C

2.________ the greenhouse effect,the Earth is warmed by gases ________ in the atmosphere. A.Because; trapping C.Because of;trapping 解析 B.Because; trapped D.Because of;trapped

because 引导原因状语从句;because of+名词或名词短语。由句式结构

分析,第一空应用 because of,故排除 A、B 两项;第二空 gases 与 trap 之间属 被动关系,故应用过去分词 trapped 修饰 gases,所以应选 D 项。 答案 D

3.Overfishing is harmful ________ the ecology of the sea.

A.for 解析 答案

B.on

C.to

D.with

句意:捕捞过度对海洋生态是有害的。be harmful to sth 对……有害。 C are at risk from flooding.

4.So high ________ in several places that many homes A.the water level has risen B.has the water level risen C.the water level is risen D.is the water level risen 解析

句意:一些地方的水平面已经上升得如此高以致于许多住宅有被洪水淹

没的危险。so+adj./adv.置于句首,句子要用部分倒装结构,所以排除 A、C 两 项。rise 属不及物动词,不能用被动形式,故应选 B 项。 答案 B

5.But what exactly is global warming and how is it relevant ________ our lives? A.with 解析 答案 B.to C.on D.of

考查固定短语。be relevant to...与……有关。 C Earth's temperature that,

6.Global warming refers to an average increase in the ________,leads to climate A.in turn C.in short 解析 change. B. in return D.in case

句意:全球变暖指的是地球温度平均增长,继而导致气候变化。in turn short 简言之;in case 以防万一。由句

转而;反过来;in return 作为回报;in 意知应选 A 项。 答案 A

7.Over the last 100 years, the global average temperature ________ by 1 A.increases C.will increase B.increased D.has increased



解析 答案

in/over the last...用作时间状语, 句子往往用现在完成时, 所以应选 D 项。 D terrible climate changes

8.Recent reports warned that global warming will cause ________ more frequent A.include C.including 解析

flooding, heat waves and droughts. B.includes D.included

句意:最近的报告警告说全球变暖会引起可怕的气候变化,包括更加频

繁的洪水、热浪与干旱。including prep.意为“包括”,常位于所修饰的名词、 代词前面。而 included adj.意为“包括在内的”,常位于所修饰的名词、代词 之后。所以应选 C 项。 答案 C

9.How can these disasters be ________ happening? A.stopped C.prevented 解析 B.kept D.stopped from doing sth 阻止某人/物干某

考查固定用法。stop/keep/prevent sb/sth from

事,其中 from 与 stop 或 prevent 连用时可以省略,但在被动语态中 from 一般 不能省略。所以应选 D 项。 答案 D

10.________,give reasons for your answers. A.If it necessary C.If necessary 解析 B. If is necessary D.If you are necessary necessary=if it is

句意:如果有必要的话,给出你的答案的理由。if

necessary。 答案 C

11.The secretary should have all the ________ documents ready before the meeting begins. A.concerning B. respecting

C.relevant 解析 答案

D.regarding

relevant 在此意为“相关的”。 C

12.—May I take this table,please? —Sorry, it has been ________ by someone else. A.preserved C.conserved 解析 B.reserved D.deserved

句意:——我可以用这张桌子吗?——对不起,这张桌子已被别人预订

了。preserve 保存;reserve 预订;conserve 保护;deserve 值得。 答案 B

13.The man insisted ________ a taxi for me even though I told him I lived nearby. A.find C.on finding 解析 答案 B.to find D.in finding

insist 后常接从句或 on doing 结构,不接不定式或 in doing 结构。 C

14.It was foolish of him to ________ his notes during that important test, and as a result, he got punished. A.stick to C.keep to 解析 B.refer to D.point to

句意: 在那次重要的考试中他查看笔记真是太蠢了, 结果他受到了惩罚。

stick to 坚持;refer to 查阅;keep to 坚持;point to 指向。 答案 B

15.The revolutionaries sacrificed themselves ________ our country during the past years. A.for 解析 B.to C.of D.in

句意:在过去的日子里,许多革命者为了我们的国家而作出牺牲。

sacrifice...for sb/sth 为某人/某事而牺牲,是习惯搭配,故选 A 项。

答案

A

Ⅴ.语篇填词 Can we take the heat? In the last few decades,scientists have reported that human beings are causing changes in the Earth's climate, which was considered __1__ our control. They claim that in the last 50 years, gases pumped into the Earth's atmosphere have been __2__ the process of global warming and affecting our climate. Global warming,which is seen as one of the biggest __3__ problems facing 21st century,is a danger to our lives. Global warming __4__ an average increase in the Earth's temperature that, __5__, leads to climate change. The temperature of the Earth is controlled by greenhouse gases,without which the Earth can be cold and impossible to live on.However,when the presence of these gases in the atmosphere increases, the Earth's temperature __6__. Over the last 100 years, as a result of human activities including industry, agriculture, the cutting down of forests,the increase in transport and the burning of fuels, the global average temperature has increased by __7__. If it continues to rise, we human beings will suffer severe consequences such as flooding, heat waves, droughts, serious diseases. How can we stop these disasters from happening? __8__ all over the world have a responsibility to reduce greenhouse gases. Some governments express __9__ about whether global warming is really caused by human activities. Even ev ery average person can play their part. They can make small changes ,which can

be added up to __10__ our future. After all, there's no substitute for our Earth. 答案 1.beyond 2.speeding up 3.environmental 4.refers to 5.in turn 6.rises

8.Governments 9.reservations Ⅵ.完形填空 When the population of the port town began to suffer from poisoning, the police came to find out the cause.They __1__ someone was poisoning the people on purpose but no one knew how it was __2__. Then people took the __3__ that the 10.save

pork was poisoned,for it was a __4__ food everyone ate and could have possibly made everyone sick. Anyone who had possession of the __5__ no one in the town __6__ eat the pork. Posters were posted on poles and letters were sent to everyone to people of the pork. However , shortly afterwards , __8__ __7__ policemen in high threw it out and

positions were also getting sick. Soon it became political. In order to get more support,politicians __9__ to the town and promised that they would find out the cause and __10__ if they were elected. However, everyone was so __11__ that they didn't care about politics. Everyone was in a situation __12__ he or she didn't know what to do any more. They went to the __13__ to mail posters out asking for help. One day,a wellknown scientist from New York came to the town with a huge box __14__ many instruments. He went to some pools of the town to make measurements. And some days later,he made a __15__ at a newspaper meeting room to announce his findings. “I am sorry to say the __16__ you drink is so heavily polluted. I know who has been __17__ you all for such a long time. It is you who have been poisoning yourselves with __18__. A great deal of rubbish has been __19__ the water day after day. No one here has taken good care of the environment. It is no __20__ all of you have been sick.” Shocked at the news,the people present were lost in thought. 1.A.thought 解析 答案 2.A.false 解析 答案 B.knew C.realized D.directed

这个小镇的人们开始中毒,所以人们“认为”是有人在故意投毒。 A B.necessary possible 表示可能性。 D B.chance C.position D.aid C.fit D.possible

3.A.charge 解析 毒了。 答案 4.A.salty C

position 在此意思是“看法;观点”。句意:有些人认为是猪肉被人投

B.popular

C.precious 解析 答案 5.A.meat 解析

D.smelly

从修饰语 everyone ate 判断,“这是一种受欢迎的食物”。 B B.fish C.pork D.chicken “threw it out”可知应该

从前文的“...the pork was poisoned”以及后文的

填 pork。 答案 C B.would C.could D.must

6.A.should 解析 答案 7.A.warn 解析 答案 8.A.just 解析 答案

would 表示“意愿”。没有人愿意吃猪肉。 B B.rob C.cure D.cheat warn。

张贴告示与写信都是提醒人们当心猪肉,所以用 A B.so C.although D.even

even 表示一种递进,意思是“甚至”。 D B.preferred D.referred

9.A.removed C.rushed 解析

政客想利用这个机会来拉选票,所以体现到动作上应该是 “ 火速赶

来”,故用 rush。 答案 C B.result D.problem

10.A.solution C.beginning 解析

为避免人们中毒,应该是“找到解决的办法”。句意:他们许诺如果他

们当选的话,他们会找出原因及解决的办法。 答案 A

11.A.moved C.disappointed 解析 答案 12.A.that 解析 答案

B.sick D.smart

中毒的人很多。所以说“每个人都病得没有心思关心政治”。 B B.whether C.which D.where

where 引导定语从句修饰 situation。 D B.supermarket D.post office

13.A.police station C.railway station 解析 答案

邮寄东西,当然是在“邮局”。 D B.containing D.exhibiting

14.A.buying C.selling 解析 答案

这位科学家是来调查中毒的原因的,所以“箱子里带了一些设备”。 B B.note C.face D.speech

15.A.paper 解析 答案

最后一段是科学家就中毒事件阐明的原因。make a speech 发言。 D B.food C.air D.noise

16.A.water 解析

从下文“A great deal of rubbish has been __19__ the water day after day.”

可知是“水”受到了污染。 答案 A B.poisoning D.confusing

17.A.risking C.attracting 解析 答案

poison 施毒。句意:我知道是谁在这么长的时间给你们施毒。 B B.techniques

18.A.snacks

C.custom 解析 答案

D.pollution

从下文提到的“A great deal of rubbish”可知是人对水造成了“污染”。 D B.made off with D.run out of

19.A.pulled out of C.thrown into 解析 答案

句意:大量的垃圾日复一日地被倒入水中。 C B.secret D.thrill 正是因为多年来不注意环境保护,所以“你们都生病了也不足为奇”。 A

20.A.wonder C.joy 解析 答案


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