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英文写作技巧


写作技巧
1.假设你是李华, 现在你正在高考考场上,场下你的父母正殷切期待着你。中学生活即将结束,在这个特 殊时刻,请你按以下内容要点给自己的父母写一封感谢信。 内容要点: 1、感谢父母多年来,特别是高三这一年来无微不至的关怀。 2、自己近期学习一直十分刻苦,进步不小。这次高考考试也都很顺利,发挥出了自己的水平,希望父 母放心。 3、高考之后一定多帮父母做些家务,还要让

父母品尝一下自己亲手做的菜。 注意:1、词数 120 左右; 2、可适当增加细节,使行文连贯。 范文: Dear parents, Now I know clearly that you both are expecting me anxiously. I can say nothing but thanks to you both on this special occasion, because words have failed me when I want to express my thanks to you both for the loving care you have shown for me, especially since I went to Senior Three. These days I have been studying hard and have made some progress. And everything has got along well with my college entrance examination. I have performed my ability in this exam. I hope you both can set your mind at rest. After this exam, I intend to help you do some housework which I have seldom done before. And I also mean to learn to cook in order to prepare a dinner for you both in person. My dear parents, everything is going on well with me and do have a rest! Best wishes, Yours Li Hua 2. 假设你是李华, 你在 5 月 2 日去一家商店买衣服。当你请一个王姓服务员帮你找适合你的型号的衣服 时,她以忙为借口让你自己找,你说你找不到才来让她帮忙,她说你找不到就说明没有。你对这位服务员 的服务态度十分不满,并写信向该商店的销售经理投诉该服务员。 2、信的开头和结尾已为你写好,但不计入总词数; 3、可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 范文: May 5, 2007 Dear Sales Manager, This letter is a complaint concerning the actions of one of your salespersons. On Tuesday, May 5, 2007, around 2 P.m.., I went to your store to look for a T-shirt. When I asked a salesperson, Ms. Wang for help in finding my size, she informed me that she was busy and I would have to find one myself. I explained that the reason why I came to her was that I couldn’t find one. She then said in a rude tone that if I couldn’t find one, it meant that the store didn’t have it, and that I needed to look somewhere else. I felt that Ms Wang was rude. I hope that you will look into the matter: I shop frequently at your store and I look forward to a more pleasurable shopping experience next time. Yours sincerely , Li Hua 注 意:1、词数 120 左右;

3. 假如你是李华, 写一封信邀请你的一位外国朋友 Mike 今年暑假来你的家乡陕西旅游,先向他表达邀 请之意,再向他介绍陕西的一些情况: 1、由于西部大开发, 陕西这些年变化很大; 2、陕西有许多旅游景点,如华山、兵马俑等;还有许多地方风味小吃; 3、西安既是著名的古都,又是陕西的省会, 发展很快,新修了不少道路。 注意:1、词数 100 左右; 2、信的开头和结尾已为你写好,但不计入词数; 3、参考词汇:兵马俑---Terracotta Warriors and Horses。 范文: Dear Mike, How are you getting on recently? I am wondering if you have made a definite plan for the coming summer holiday. If not, I wish you could come here and visit my hometown Shaanxi. My family are also glad to receive you as a popular guest in my home. Due to the policy of Western Development, great changes have taken place in Shaanxi. A large number of factories have been set up. Also there are many places of interest worthy of sightseeing such as Mount Hua and Terracotta Warriors and Horses; the local style food here is also well-known. Xi’an, the capital of Shaanxi province, famous as an ancient capit al, also takes on a new look, where many new roads have been built. Hoping to see you in my hometown as soon as possible. Yours, Li Hua 4. 假如你是班长,你们班将组织一次参观历史博物馆的活动,请你写一个口头通知。相关内容如下: 时 间:本周日 活动安排: 8:00 在学校大门口集合; 8:10 集体乘车去历史博物馆; 8:40 在导游的带领下参观历史博物馆; 11:00 参观结束;集体乘车返回学校。 要 求:1、博物馆门票及乘车费(共 20 元)须在本周五前交给班长; 2、参观当天要统一穿校服; 3、参观后每人写一篇观后感。 注 意:1、词数 100 左右; 2、本通知应写成一篇连贯的短文。 范文: Fellow students, attention, please. I have something to tell you. We are going to pay a visit to the History Museum this Sunday. Be sure to arrive at the school gate before 8:00 a.m. We will set off at 8:10 a.m. by bus altogether. At about 8:40 a.m., we’ll have a visit of the History Museum following a guide. At around 11:00 the visit is over, and we plan to return at about 11:10 by bus. The total cost will be 20 Yuan;everyone should hand in the money to me,your monitor, before Friday. Don’t forget to wear school uniforms on the very day. And everyone needs to write a composition after the visiting. Hope you will enjoy the visit. That’s all. Thank you. 5. 建设节约型社会,从我做起 假设你是王明,是“陕西中学”的学生。请你围绕“建设节约型社会,从我做起”的主题,根据下面所 给出的要点提示,用英语给全国的中学生写一封倡议书。要点提示: 1、节约用水,特别是在刷牙、洗手时;要避免不必要的浪费;

2、教室或家中无人时一定要确保关上灯和其他电器,白天无须开灯时不要开灯; 3、节约纸张等学习用品; 4、主动向父母及周围亲朋宣传节约能源的思想。 2、倡议书的开头和结尾已为你写好,不计入词数; 3、内容可适当发挥,要注意行文连贯。 范文: Dear fellow students, Our government is aiming to build a “conservation-oriented society” (节约型社会). I think it is every citizen’s duty to achieve this goal. As high students, what should we do? We should focus our attention on details around ourselves. We should form the habit of saving water, especially when we brush our teeth and wash hands, and never leave water running unnecessarily. Meanwhile, we ought to save electricity. When we leave classrooms or our homes we should make sure that the light and some electrical equipments have been turned off. Do never make the light on in the daytime if unnecessary. We should also save our every piece of paper as well as other writing materials. What’s more, we should offer to recommend our relatives and friends as well as our parents to save energy. Dear fellow students, let’s start right now, and spare no effort to do every little bit from every detail on! Wang Ming 高考英语话题作文模版 Nowadays, there are more and more (某种现象) in (某种场合). It is estimated that (相关数据). Why have there been so many (某种现象)? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows. The first one is (原因一). Besides, (原因二). The third one is (原因三). To sum up, the main cause of (某种现象) is due to (最主要原因). It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing, ( 解决办法一). On the other hand, (解决办法二). All these measures will certainly reduce the number of (某种现象). 高考英语文章主体段落三大杀手锏 举实例 思维短路,举实例!提出一个观点,举实例!提出一个方案,举实例!而且者也是我们揭示一个观 点最好的方式,任何情况下,只要我们无法继续文章,不管三七二十一,尽管举例子! in order to attract more customers, advertisers have adopted every possible stimulative factor in making ads, such as sound, light, colours, cartoon films and human performance. for instance, to advertise a certain food, advertisers will ask an actor or actress to sit at a table and devour the seemingly delicious food while they fime him or her. 更多句型:to take … as an example, one example is…, another example is…, for example 二、做比较 方法:写完一个要点,比较与之相似的;又写完一个要点,再比较与之相反的; 世界上没有 同样的指纹, 没有相同的树叶, 文章亦同, 只有通过比较, 你才会发现二者的相同点 (through comparison) 和不同点(through contrast)。下面是一些短语: 相似的比较: in comparison, likewise, similarly, in the same manner 相 反 的 比 较 : on the other hand, conversely, whereas, while, instead, nevertheless, in contrast, on the contrary, compared with …, … 三、换言之 没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字,或者文邹邹地说,是让读者更充分的 理解你的观点。 实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 i love you! i am enthusiastic about you. that is to say, i love you. i am wild about you. in other words, i have fallen in love with you. 或者上面我们举过的例子: i cannot bear it. 可以用短语表达:i cannot put up with it. 因此可以 这样说:i cannot bear it. that is to say, i cannot put up with it or i am fed up with it. 更多短语: in 注意:1、词数 100 左右;

more difficult language, in simpler words, put it more simply 高考英语作文开头万能公式 开头万能公式一:名人名言 有人问了,“我没有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?”,很好办:编! 原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是,所以尽管编,但是一定要听起来 很有道理呦! 而且没准将来我们就是名人呢! 对吧? 经典句型: a proberb says, “ you are only young once.” (适用于已记住的名言) it goes without saying that we cannot be young forever. (适用 于自编名言) 更多经典句型:as everyone knows, no one can deny that… 2. 开头万能公式二:数字统计 原理:要想更有说服力,就应该用实际的数字来说明。 原则上在议论文当中 十不应该出现虚假数字的,可是在考试的时候哪管那三七二十一,但编无妨,只要我有东西写就万事大吉 了。所以不妨试用下面的句型: according to a recent survey, about 78.9% of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation. 看起来这个数字文邹邹的, 其实都是编造出来的, 下面随便几个题目我们都可以这样编造: honesty 根据最近的一项统计调查显示,大学生向老师请假的 理由当中 78%都是假的。 travel by bike 根据最近的一项统计调查显示,85%的人在近距离旅行的时候 首选的交通工具是自行车。 youth 根据最近的一项统计调查显示,在某个大学,学生的课余时间的 70% 都是在休闲娱乐。 five-day work week better than six-day work? 根据最近的一项统计调查显示, 98%的人同意每周五天工作日。 更多句型: a recent statistics shows that … 高考英语作文结尾万能公 式 结尾万能公式一:如此结论 说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后 终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也 必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子: obviously(此 为过渡短语) , we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others. 如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了! 更多过渡短语: to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus 更多句型: thus, it can be concluded that…, therefore, we can find that… 2. 结尾万能公式二:如此建议 如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值 的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。拽! obviously, it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem. 这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来 经常考这个句型, 而如果我们自己写出来, 你说考官会怎么想呢? 更多句型: accordingly, i recommend that some measures be taken. consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken. 高考英语书面表达十练与范文 (1)说明:今天是星期天,爸爸。妈妈和我,叔叔、婶婶和妹妹都去看爷爷和奶奶。请根据下图内容写一 日记。注意:日记须包括所有图画的内容,可适当增加某些情节,使短文连贯。字数 100 左右。 One possible version:This afternoon all of us went to see Grandparents. My father and mother brought them something delicious. My grandparents were in poor healthy so my uncle and aunt brought them the medicine they wanted. My mother and aunt said they would prepare the supper and we had a talk with Grandparents in the sitting room. My little sister and I told them that we were getting on well with our studies and they were very happy. to see them on Sundays. (2)李华在放学回家的路上经历了一次扑灭火灾的经过,请根据下图内容写一短文。注意:短文须包括所 有图画的内容,可适当增加某些情节,使短文连贯。字数 100 左右。已给出短文第一句。One possible version: One day Li Hua saw a big fire break out on his way home from school. The firefighters tried their best to control the fire. With the help of the firefighters a lot of people left the building Supper was ready, and all of us gave our best wishes to Grandparents. On our way home I was thinking I should often go

safely. At that time, a foreign woman came in a hurry to tell the firefighters something. But they didn't understand what she said. Li Hua came to the woman and asked her what had happened. The woman told Li Hua that her daughter was still in the building. Li Hua told the firefighters about it at once. They immediately ran into the building. Two minutes later they rushed out with the little girl. The foreign woman was very thankful to Li Hua and the firefighters for their help. (3) One possible version: Xiaoming used to send a lot of cards to his friends at new year time.But one day he read a report in the newspaper,which said that cards are made from trees and that at present more and more trees have been cut down leading to serious floods in some areas.Xiaoming felt shocked at the report in the newspaper and realized the importance of protecting trees.From now on he decides to send his wishes to his friends by telephone instead of sending cards.to his friends at new year time (4)书面表达一致辞类假如史密斯先生是你校聘请的外籍英语教师,现在聘期已满,下周就要回伦敦。明 天你们要开一个欢送会,对史密斯先生表示欢送和感谢。现在,请你根据下列要点写一篇欢送词。1.感谢 史密斯先生二年来的辛勤工作;2.平易近人,和蔼可亲;3.对学生既严格又耐心;4.上课生动有趣, 大家喜欢上他的课;5.学生的英语水平有了很大的提高;6.祝他身体健康,一路平安。注意:1.格式 要求正确;2.必须包括所有要点,但可适当增减细节,使内容连贯。3.词数 100 个左右。 One possible version: Dear friends,How times flies! It is two years since Mr Smith came to our school. He will leave for London next week. In the past two years, Mr Smith has worked hard. He was strict with us in our English learning and always ready to help us with patience. He made his classes so lively and interesting that all of us enjoyed every minute of them. Our English has been improved greatly because of his creative work. Now, we' d like to express our thanks to him. We wish him a pleasant journey home and good health.Thank you. (5)书面表达-活动安排你 3 月 15 日(星期六)一天的活动安排如下,请根据此活动安排用英语写一篇 日记。 时 间 地 点 活 动 安 排 8: 00 校门口 欢迎德国学生 (约 30 人) 到校参观访问 8: 30-9: 30 体育馆 联欢会(get-together),交换礼品 9:30-10:30 校园内 参观教学楼、实验楼、宿舍楼等 10:30-11:30 篮球场 友谊篮球赛 12:00 校门口 欢送德国学生离校 14:00-17:00 数家书店 和 同学一块购买书籍和磁带等注意:词数 100 左右。生词:交换 exchange;体育馆 gymnasium 、One possible version:March 15 our school today . Saturday Fine About thirty German students came to visit We gathered at the school gate at 8 o'clock to give them a warm

welcome .Then we had a get-together in the gymasium .Our headmaster told them something about our school .And then we talked with each other and exchanged gifts .From nine thirty we showed them around our school .They visited our classroom buildings ,the lad building ,and the dorm-tories. A friendly basketball game started on the sports ground at ten thirty .At twelve o'clock all German students left our school . 6)会议通知 1.某中学将有一位美国教授布菜克博士来 访, 该教授将给师生们作一次报告, 介绍美国的教育情况。 学校要求同学们在星期三下午 2: 30 准时到 105 大教室参加报告会,并带上笔记本,以便会后讨论。请你根据上面要点,用英语写一通知。(字数:80 左 右)参考词语 美国教授 American professor 有关教育的报告 a report on education 作笔记 to take notes 讨论 to have a discussion Notice An American professor, Dr Black will visit our school this Wednesday afternoon. He will give us a report on the education in America. Everyone is supposed to be in Room 105, the big classroom exactly at 2:30 p.m. Wednesday. Please bring your notebooks with you and take notes while listening to the lecture, so that we can have a discussion about it after it is over. (7)郊游通知[题 材] 假如你是高三(2)班班长,你班要在 5 月 4 日即下星期六去庐山郊游。请你拟一份

通知,准备向同学们宣读。内容包括: 摄影等;

1、郊游日期:5 月 4 日,下星期六;

2、主要内容:攀登比赛、

3、早餐后 8 点坐校车出发,午餐自带,下午 3 点回校;

4、欢迎全体同学参加。凡参加者先

登记并交给班长 5 元钱。 注意: 通知词数约 70—120。 要求意思连贯。 [范 文]An Outing to Lushan An Announcement Class, please be quiet. I am glad to tell you that we have decided to have an outing to Lushan next Saturday, May 4th. The expense is about five yuan. Those who wish to go should put down the names on this piece of paper and give the money to me. We will go by school bus which is to start after breakfast at 8:00 a. m. and come back to school at 3:00 p.m.. Remember to bring your lunch with you. We’ll have a contest of climbing the hill and take Monitor Class 2 of photos there. All the students are welcome. That’s all. Thank you.

Senior Grade 3 (8)晚会通知假如你是班长,通知你班同学本周星期六晚上 7:30—在本班教室举行一 次英语晚会,节目有唱歌、朗诵、讲故事、话剧等,要求本班同学都参加,欢迎外班同学光临,请同学们 作好准备。 (字数: 80 左右)参考词语朗诵 recitation 节目 programme (或 program)欢迎 to be welcomed 表演 to perform Fellow students, attention, please.I have some good news to tell you. We’re going to have an English evening, in our classroom at 7:30 on Saturday evening. The programme includes songs, recitations, storytelling and short plays. Everyone in our class must take part in it and students form other classed are also welcome. Everyone who takes part in the party should perform once. That’s all. Thank you. 高二 1.12 月 28 日,周六去人民公园,上午浏览东湖;2.中午在湖边野餐;3.下 早上 6:50 在校门集合;7:00 开车。注意 The (10)游玩的通知请你以学生会名义,根据下面表格的内容写一则去人民公园游玩的通知。参加者 年级全体学生活动内容 事项 午参观植物园(the botanical garden ).集合时间和地点 1.词数 100 左右。2.通知的格式已写出。

1.穿运动鞋;2.自带午餐和饮料;3.如有可能,每班带 1——2 部照相机;4.准时集合。注意: Notice Attention, please.Notice Attention, please .

students of Senior Grade Two will go to the people’s Park for an outing on December 28,Saturday. In the morning ,we will visit the East Lake . We’ll have a picnic by the lake at noon .After that , we’ll visit the botanical garden .Please wear your sports shoes ,and take your lunch and drinks with you ,If possible ,each class can take a couple of cameras along so that you can take some pictures of the beautiful sights . We are to meet at the school gate at 6:50 a.m. The buses will start at 7:00 a.m. Don’t be late .The Student’s Union


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