（一） 、对比观点 1、提出主题 （1）The topic of（主题）is becoming more and more popular nowadays. （2） There is a widespread concern over the issue that? （3）?has attracted extensive（广泛的）attention of the society
. （4）There is no consensus(一致) of opinion among people as to the view of? （5）Different people have different opinions on it./ Opinions on this phenomenon differ from person to person. 2、展开 （1）Firstly?secondly(besides)?thirdly(finally) （2）For one thing?for another?what’s more? （3）On one hand?on the other hand?moreover? 3、转折 （1）On the contrary? （2）however, as a coin has two sides? 4、自己的看法 （1）In my opinion （2）As far as I am concerned （3）From my point of view, （4）With reference to my standpoint , （5）I think / I firmly support? 5、喊口号 （1）Only through?can we? 对比观点例文 1 There is a widespread concern over the issue that （作文题目）But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一_. In their views there are two factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place,原因 一.Furthermore, in the second place, 原因二. So it goes without saying that 观点 一 . People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that 观点二. In their point of view, on the one hand，原因一. On the other hand,原因二. Therefore, there is no doubt that 观点二_. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that 观点一或二. It is not only because ____, but also because ____. The more ____, the more___. 对比观点例文 2 _____ is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some people say ____ is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ____. What is more,_____。Moreover,______. While others think that _____ is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,_____. Secondly (besides),______. Thirdly (finally),___. From my point of view, I think _____. The reason is that _____. As a matter
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of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice. （二）说明利弊 1、说明事物现状(一句带过） （1）Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)作文题目. （2）In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in 题目议题. 2、事物本身的优缺点 （1）Its advantages can be seen as follows? （2）Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows? （3）The negative aspects are also apparent? 3、展开 （1）Firstly, _优点一_. And secondly _优点二_. （2）To begin with,(缺点一). In addition, (缺点二). To make matters worse? 4、你对现状（或前景）的看法 （1）Through above analyses, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh(胜于) the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ..． （2）From the comparison between? （3）We should do it according to the circumstances we are in. 5、喊口号 （1）Only through?can we have a bright future. 说明利弊例文 Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First (Ａ的优点之一). Besides,（Ａ的优点之二）. But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that (Ａ的第一个缺点)．To make matters worse, (Ａ的第二个缺点)． Through above analyses, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to (我的看法)． (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, (对前景的预测)．) （三）图表作文 1、描写图表变化趋势 （1）上升：increase / rise / go up / rocket （2）下降：decrease / reduce / come down / decline （3）快：quickly / rapidly / sharply / dramatically （4）慢：slowly / gradually 2、分析原因，展开论述变化的原因 （1）Several factors contribute to such changes.
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（2）(reasons) account for 3、谈看法＼对策 4. 最后喊口号
lead to，result in，cause，be responsible for， 自己的观点 It’s high time that + 一般过去时
图表作文例文 As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table (graph/picture/pie/chart), _ 作 文 题 目 的 议 题 _has been on rise (goes up/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/ steadily rising/ decreasing from_％ in _年_ to _％_ in _年_. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that __现象总结___. There are at least two good reasons accounting for __. On the one hand, ____. On the other hand, ___ is due to the fact that __. In addition, __ is responsible for ___. (Maybe there are some other reasons to show ______. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. ) As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. 再加上对 策、口号。 四、书信作文模板 （一）开头部分 （1）How nice to hear from you again. （2）Let me tell you something about the activity. （3）I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th. （4）I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit. （5）I’m writing to thank you for your help during my stay in America. （二）结尾部分 （1）With best wishes！ （2）I’m looking forward to your early reply. （3）I’d appreciate it if you could reply earlier. 书信作文例文(注意：开头结尾格式不做要求) Your address Month, Date, year Receiver's address Dear ..., I am extremely pleased to hear from you. And I would like to write a letter to tell you that_____. ?? I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/I am looking forward to your replies at your earliest convenience. Best regards for your health and success.
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Sincerely yours, Lihua. 五、口头通知常见写作模板 （一）称呼语及开场白部分 （1）Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make. （二）正文部分 （1）All the teachers and students are required to attend it. （2）Please take your notebooks and make notes. （3）Please listen carefully and we’ll have a discussion in groups. （4）Please come on time and don’t be late. （三）结束语部分 （1）Please come and join in it. （2）Everybody is welcome to attend it. （3）I hope you’ll have a nice time here. That’s all. Thank you. 六、日记写作格式 Friday Feb.15th 2006 sunny
星期和日期写在左上角，天气写在右上角 日期格式用月日年（美式）或日月年（英式）都可以 1. 年、月、日都写时，通常以月、日、年为顺序，月份可以缩写，日和年用逗号隔开。例 如：December 18, 2003 或者 Dec. 18, 2003。 2. 如果要写星期，星期要紧挨日期，它既可以放在日期前面，也可以放在日期后面，星期 也可以省略不写。星期和日期之间不用标点，但要空一格，星期也可缩写。例如：Thursday Dec. 18, 2003 或 Dec.18，2003 Thursday 3. 天气情况必不可少。天气一般用一个形容词如:Sunny, Fine, Rainy, Snowy 等表示。天 气通常位于日记的右上角。 作文类型及例文 一、看现象，讲道理 1． 世博期间，上万的志愿者参加志愿工作，请你谈谈此现象的看法。 During the period of holding the World Expo in Shanghai, tens of thousands of citizens are participating in volunteer work, hoping to devote themselves to the grand occasion. As far as I am concerned, everyone ought to enter for it. Here are the reasons I want to mention. It can be argued that the advantages of doing unpaid volunteer work are enormous, because volunteer work is actually a two-way street. First of all, volunteer work should always benefit people who need help. Those who need help will feel happier due to our immediate help. On the other hand, as far as the young people ourselves are concerned, we have more opportunities to develop the sense of responsibility, independence as well as interpersonal skills in the process of helping others. Through this kind of work, we become confident and mature. In addition, we can make many friends and increase our chances of getting the jobs of our dreams. Furthermore,
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volunteer work plays an active role in building up a harmonious society. In a word, compared with the merits of volunteer work offered by the young adults, the demerits of that are just a few though they cannot be overlooked. The youth volunteers do make a difference by the voluntary work! Why not join them and do something for our country? 2．你班将组队参加学校组织的集体舞比赛(group dancing competition)，班长希望大家积 极参与。对此谈谈你的想法。 （09 年高考题） 你的文章必须包括以下内容： ? 你是否会参加比赛 ? 你做出该决定的具体理由 Version 1： A group dancing competition will be held in our school and the monitor calls on everybody to take an active part in it. While most of my classmates are still hesitating whether to participate, I have said yes to our monitor with great pleasure. Generally speaking, there are two reasons for my decision. First, it is a good opportunity for me to relax myself, which will enable me to study more efficiently. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy, so goes the saying, which clearly shows us the importance of relaxation. Besides, I think I am a good dancer after learning dance for more than five years. Participating in the contest will be a golden chance for me to show my dancing skills and make some contributions to the class. For the two reasons mentioned above, it is no surprise that I have such a strong enthusiasm on the group dancing competition. 二、标题作文 1． 以“诚实是美德”(Honesty Is a Virtue)为题写一篇短文。短文的内容需包括： 1. 列举社会上的某些不诚实行为 2. 谈谈你对对不诚实行为的看法 3. 议论一下“诚实是美德” What is honesty? Honesty means speaking the truth and being fair and upright in act. Considered a virtue, honesty is admired in every country and every culture. However, there are still some dishonest people living in this world. Some people try to take advantage of other people whenever they can. Some businessmen are not always honest in their dealings. Some students are caught cheating over exams and punished to leave school. Some newspapers carry some untrue news just in order to attract more readers. Actually, being dishonest is generally looked upon as an evil, and is despised and condemned by the society. But being an honest person, we can benefit a lot. First, we can have s peaceful life, for we will not have the burden of remembering every lie we have told. Second, being an honest person, we can be trusted by other people and have more friends, which will do good to our lives. I do believe honesty is a virtue which is the only key to open the door to the success in our careers and lives.
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So let’s be honest and make this world more beautiful. 三、信件类文章 1． 你校在为一批来自加拿大的交流学生(exchange students) 征寻为期两周的住宿家庭。 假定你叫李宏，写一封信给校长申请接待加拿大交流学生。信的内容需包括： 1. 说明你申请的理由 2. 你家所具备的接待条件 Dear Principal, My name is Li Hong and I’m a senior three student. I have learned that our school is seeking some students’ families which can offer proper two-week accommodations for exchange students from Canada. I think my family meets the requirements. In order to improve my oral English, I have been looking for the opportunity to communicate with native speakers of English. Receiving exchange students is a wonderful chance for me. My parents and I are now living in a flat with three bedrooms and two living rooms. So we have a spare room for one or two exchange students. My mother is a warn-hearted woman who likes kids very much and is quite good at cooking. We will prepare a lot of delicious traditional Chinese food for the exchange students and I’ll show them my collections of stamps and coins. And we will also chat with them about the different cultures and customs of the two countries. I believe they will have a good time in my family and hope that you will give me the chance. I’d appreciate it if you could consider my application. Sincerely Yours Li Hong 四、记叙文 1． 描述一位你所尊敬的并与你关系极为密切的人。你的描述必须包括： 他/她是谁？ 你的尊敬他/她的原因。 举至少一个具体事例。 My mother is always the one I respect most. She is the first guide of my life, and the pillar of our family. Once in my childhood, I desired so much to look beautiful. Mother told me," Vanity is a crime. Beauty is only skin-deep." She then bought me lots of interesting books, from fairy tales to collections of essays. From time to time, she took me to travel with her in the country and open my eyes to so many new things, which I would not have otherwise seen. Mother devotes most of her time and energy to our family. Immediately after coming back from work every work，she keeps herself busy around the apartment, cleaning, washing and cooking. Our happiness is her greatest joy; our achievements are her greatest pride. We can never forget how bravely she acted the day Grandma passed away. My respect for Mother grows with time. She is my most beloved person in the world.
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1． The picture above shows that a junior school student is working assiduously late in the midnight while his mother is bringing in some snack so as to urge him to study harder. It goes without saying that the students nowadays are under a tremendous burden on their studies. All the parents have become a great drain on both the parents and the students’ energies. As the saying goes, “All roads lead to Rome.” Being admitted to a famous university is not the only access to a promising future. Nor does it necessarily mean a successful life. Also, working hard is not equal to exerting oneself round the clock. In the meantime, parents should pay more attention to their children’s abilities rather than their grades. I firmly believe that through mutual efforts and understanding, the parents and students will lead a more colourful life 六、图表作文 下表是对某中学高三一班 50 个学生健康问题的调查表。请根据表格内容，综述学生当前存 在的健康问题，并就中学生如何保持身心健康提出自己的建议。 问 题 学习焦虑 类型 人数 比例 35 70％ 逆反心理 20 40％ 缺乏交往 15 30％ 睡眠不足 40 80％ 缺乏锻炼 25 50％ 视力不佳 35 70％
词数要求: 120-150 ___________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ As is apparently shown in the chart above, many middle school students have problems both physically and mentally, with 70% of students having learning anxieties as well
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as bad eyesight, and a larger percentage lacking sleep. Coming next is the lack of physical exercise. 40% of the students surveyed won't obey their parents or teachers. Still fewer claimed not to have enough communication with others. So far as 1 am concerned, we students should balance our physical exercise and studies. Just like a saying goes:" All work but no play makes Jack a dull boy," without a sound body one cannot achieve anything; however, too much attention has been paid only to studies. Therefore, I suggest we be given less homework and more time for out-of--classroom activities to solve all the problems. Only in this way can we lead a healthy life.
下面的饼状图 （pie chat） 显示了你对你校学生兴趣爱好的调查结果。 请你用英语给 English Weekly 写一篇短文，报道你的调查结果，并对此结果发表你的看法或建议。字数 120 词左 右。首句已给出（不计入词数） 。
A recent survey shows what the students of our school like to do in their spare time. A recent survey shows what the students of our school like to do in their spare time. From the pie chat, we can see 53% of the students like sports, so doing sports is the most popular activity in our school. The second popular activity for students is surfing the Internet and 36 % of the students have interest in it. Only a few students, about 8 percent of them, take reading as a hobby. And even fewer are fond of playing musical instruments. In my point of view, our school should have more sports facilities built to satisfy the need of the students. Guidance should be given to students on surfing the Internet and ways must be found to arouse students’ interests in reading and music. 七、材料作文 面对中学生“出国热”，社会对此有不同的看法。请你以 Studying Abroad 为题，根据以下 提供的信息，谈谈自己的看法。 Advantages disadvantages
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1．良好的语言环境，更利于预言学习。 2．拓宽视野，学习国外先进的科学技术。 3．传播各民族间的不同文化。
1．年纪小，缺乏生活经验，自立能力差。 2．情感孤独，思乡。 3．生活学习费用高。
注意：1．第一句已为你写好，不计入总词数。 2．词数不少于 120 字 3．参考词汇：媒介，中间人 mediator In recent years, studying abroad has been popular．Tens of thousands of Chinese students have gone to foreign countries to study．Many people are trying their best to apply to apply to go abroad. There are many advantages in attending schools abroad．First, students who have studied abroad can act as mediators between people of different cultures．Second, we can learn much more advanced knowledge of science and technology from foreign countries．Third, we can learn much foreign languages more quickly. However, there are some disadvantages．Most of the students are too young to live alone without any living experience．Besides, being far away from their home country, they may feel lonely and homesick．Also, of course, the costs are much higher there than at home． spite of theses, advantages are more than disadvantages． my opinion, In In it is advisable to attend schools abroad.
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