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2016 黑龙江工业学院单招英语模拟试题及答案
第二部分:英语知识应用(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项 涂黑。 21.According to ________ announcement by Guangzhou Price Bureau, _________ new measures which have been taken recently are expected to cut the operation costs of each taxi driver by 1280 yuan A.the; 不填 填 22.----Did you remember to pay the telephone bill? -----The telephone bill? ____________ A.That isn’t due yet. C.My telephone is out of order. B.Are you sure? D.Please remember the amount. B.an; the C.不填 ; the D.an; 不

23.Jim was not _______ to the club, because at that time he was not a member of it. A.allowed D.promoted 24.After the Shenzhou VI capsule (太空舱 ) touched down, two astronauts succeeded in traveling around the earth, thus again __________ China is a global space power. B.permitted C.admitted

A.proving D.being proved 25.Generous public funding of basic science would ______ a good many benefits for the country’s health, wealth and security. A.result from down 26.Most children with healthy appetites are ready to eat almost anything that is offered and a child rarely dislikes food __________ it is badly cooked. A.if D.unless 27. ----The Singaporean singer Stefanie Sun took the Most Popular Female Award in Hong Kong. ----But when she studied in middle school, no fans could have imagined how well she _______ in the world of entertainment. A.would do D.did 28.This river has changed its course many times . It ______ always located where it _____ at present. A.isn’t; is been 29. The film brought the hours back to me ______ I was taken good care of in that far- away village. B.isn’t; will be C.wasn’t; is D.wasn’t; has B.was doing C.had done B.until C.that B.lead to C.lie in D.settle B.to prove C.to have proved

A.until D.where 30.He hesitated for a moment before kicking the ball, otherwise he ______ a goal. A.had scored have scored 31.______ with such great difficulty, Jack felt at a loss______. A.facing; what to say C.Having faced; how to tell B.Faced; what to say D.Being faced ; how to speak B.scored C.would score D.would B.that C.when

32.With online course Crazy English has over 20 million students all over China ______ the class through Internet. A.attend D.to be attending 33.The girl was so __________ by the mighty river that she would spend hours sitting on its bank and gazing at the boats and rafts going and coming. A.absorbed D.touched 34. _____ your proposal , I am pleased to inform you that most committee members consider it acceptable. A.Considering D.Supposing B.Concerning C.Seeing B.fascinated C.moved B.attended C.attending

35.----- Was ____ Bill , _____ played basketball very well, ______ helped the blind man cross the road? ------- Yes, of course. He is always ready to help others. A.it; that; who D.it; who; that 第二节:完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分 阅读下面短文,从短文后所给各题的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中选出能填入相 应空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 It was an afternoon in the winter, some friends and I were talking at a restaurant. We talked and talked and soon swimming became the ___36____. Suddenly I hit upon an idea.“ Wouldn’t it be ___37___ if we went swimming? Others went swimming in winter, and __38___ couldn’t we? Besides, we could be ___39__ if we did.” I told them about this and they all said it was a good idea indeed. Early in the morning, three days __40____, we four were standing at the bus stop, with bags in our hands, ___41___ for a bus to take us to the __42___. The sky was clear, the sun was shining, but all the same, it was very cold, __43___ our heavy overcoats were not enough to keep us ___44__. We all felt that we should go back, but no one wanted to __45___. We soon reached the sands. There was nobody there, but we were not to be discouraged.__46___ we were proud that we were the __47___ ones that dared to challenge the weather. Besides, the sun could keep us warm. So we __48__ ourselves quickly. B.this; who; that C.which; that; that

But things were not going to be so nice as we thought. The sea wind was blowing, we felt __49___ cold and we shook from head to feet. At last we decided to ____50__ the sea water. We put our feet in first, only to take them back___51___. The water was unbelievably cold.___52___ I suggested that we should all jump in at the same time. We all went back ten steps. I gave the order and we all rushed forward.We jumped.That feeling I had when I was in the water I shall never ___53_. I was up and rushed again to the seaside. So __54___ my friends. We put on our clothes as quickly as possible and went home. We four did not go to school the next three days, for we all __55__ a bad cold.We missed the lessons, but we had this unforgettable experience. 36. A.topic 37. A.lucky 38. A.how 39. A.ill 40. A.past 41. A.meeting 42. A.sands 43.A.though 44. A.warm 45. A.talk about at B.object B.interesting B.what B.worse B.later B.asking B.swimming pool B.only B.cold B.speak out C.center C.surprising C.why C.better C.before C.looking C.river C.since C.cool C.think over D.opinion D.happy D.that D.stronger D.since D.waiting D.lake D.even D.hot D.shout

46. A.Instead 47. A.lucky 48. A.enjoyed 49. A.a little 50. A.go into 51. A.quickly 52. A.Next 53. A.forget 54. A.do 55. A.felt B.For B.only B.helped B.such B.go down B.carefully B.Last B.remember B.did B.became C.Unless C.happy C.changed C.a bit C.take off C.finally C.Then C.tell C.had C.caught D.Sometimes D.younger D.dressed D.very D.jump into D.bravely D.When D.believe D.were D.turned

第三部分:阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳答案,并 在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A Are you single and dreaming of an exciting voyage vacation, but unsure of the next step? You are not alone! Many single travelers wonder which voyage will have the most singles on board, how they ’ll meet other singles, what the voyage will cost and whether they’ll enjoy themselves. Our hosted singles voyage is ideal for singles of all ages. No other form of travel affords as many opportunities to meet people and make friends,. In fact, our Singles

Division can help you find a singles voyage on a ship that’s just right for you and make sure you meet many other singles on board. We have scheduled singles voyage on sailings throughout 2005, to all of the world’s greatest destinations. And we’ve selected popular itineraries ( 旅行路线) on large, newer ships for different audiences, so you can find one that suits your tastes. If you’re looking for a roommate to cut costs, our Match Program can pair you with a same- sex single in one stateroom ( on hosted sailings only), enabling us to offer you the same per-person pricing that couples receive. We guarantee to find you a roommate, whenever you sign-up before the cut-off date. If we don’t , you only need pay the per-person, double- occupancy rate. If you prefer the privacy of you own stateroom, the single supplement rates will apply. Either way, we’ll provide our own on board host to organize singles cocktail parties, mixers, games, single-mingle dining and more. Once you’ve booked your voyage, we will also give you private access to our singles chat site where you can get to know other singles before you depart. We expect our staterooms on these sailings will be full quickly, so please book early to avoid disappointment. To get started, click on any singles voyage in the calendar to the left. Hope to see you on board! Note: If you can’t take advantage of one of our hosted singles cruises but still wish to travel as a single, click here for more information. 56. The voyage which is strongly recommended in the text is for _______. A.young singles B.singles of all ages who want to meet people and make friends C.single travelers D.singles who intend to go to the world’s greatest destinations

57.What can Match Program do for travelers according to the text? A.To match a single man with a proper woman B.To match a single woman with a proper man C.To have a match between same- sex singles in one room. D.To pair a willing person with a same- sex single in one room. 58.Which activity is NOT included in the voyage? A.Having singles cocktail parties. B.Having private access to our singles chat site. C.Mixers, games, single- mingle dining etc D.Finding a roommate. 59.The text probably comes from _______. A.a guide book newspaper C.a website B United States President George W. Bush is expected to issue a directive in the next few weeks. It will give the US Air Force a green light for the development of space weapons, US media reported last week. This would potentially start a new global arms race, some experts have warned. D.a magazine B.an ad.on

To keep that from happening, last Wednesday the White House explained that it was not considering putting weapons in space. It said it was making a shift in US space policy to allow for protection of satellites. But some defense analysts and arms control advocates argue that the policy will pave the way for the US to put both defensive and offensive weapons in space. “No one should be fooled,” said Theresa Hitchens, an American weapons expert. The US is now restricted by a 1996 directive signed by President Bill Clinton. Plans for space weapons were vetoed ( 否决) by the Clinton cabinet. The directive emphasized the peaceful use of space , in agreement with almost unanimous (一致 的 ) global opinion. The US military has placed importance on space and has sent up numerous satellites for troop communications and to provide intelligence and data to guide bombs to their targets. The US Air Force wants to develop space- based weapons that could strike targets anywhere in the world within 90 minutes of receiving the order to open fire. These new weapons under development cover a wide range. They include hunter- killer satellites and orbiting weapons. And they use lasers, radio waves, or even dense metal tubes, known as “ Rods from God”, dropped from space to do the damage. There are many barriers to the setting up of this kind of program, experts say. First is the coast. It is estimated that the budget may be US $220 billion to US $ 1 trillion ( 万亿). The technical difficulties of developing reliable space weapons are also a problem.

And, the program will draw strong criticism from around the world.Experts worry about starting a space arms race. 60.Which of the following might be the best title for the passage? A.US Military Plans B.The Global Arms Race C.A Comparison between Two Presidents D.President George W. Bush and the World Peace 61.According to this passage, which of the following is NOT true? A.President George W. Bush supports space weapon development. B.The space weapon program will threaten world peace C.Clinton government was poorer than Bush government. D.The US space weapon project is very expensive. 62.After reading this passage, it can be inferred that “___________ “. A.George W. Bush’s directive to be issued will be against global opinions B.The White House is right in explaining that US new space policy aims to protect satellites C.US government has little difficulty in developing new space weapons D.President George W. Bush and Bill Clinton share a lot in common 63.The author’s attitude towards the coming space weapon development is _______.

A.optimistic B.critical C Every day 25 million US children ride school buses. The safety record for these buses is much better than for passenger cars: but nevertheless, about 10 children are killed each year riding on large school buses, and nearly four times that number are killed outside buses in the loading zones. By and large, however, the nation’s school children are transported to and from school safety. Even though the number of school bus accidents is not large, the safety of children is always of intense public concern. While everyone wants to see children transported safely, people are divided about what needs to be done- particularly whether seat belts should be compulsory. People in favor of seat belts on school buses- many of them parents and medical organizations -argue that seat belts are necessary not only to reduce fatality and injury, but also to teach children lessons about the importance of using them routinely in any moving vehicle. A side benefit, they point out, is that seat belts help keep children in their seats, away from the bus driver. People who object to seat belt installation suggest that children are already well protected by the school buses that follow the Nation Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s (NHTSA) safety requirements set in 1977. They also believe that many children won’t wear seat belts anyway, and that may damage the belts or use them as weapons to hurt other children. A new Research council report on school bus safety suggest that there are alternate safety devices and procedures that may be more effective and less expensive . For example, the study committee suggested that raising seat backs four inches may have the same safety effectiveness as seat belts. The report sponsored by the Department of transportation at the request of Congress, reviews seat belts extensively while taking a broader look at safety in and around school buses. C.excited D.indifferent

64. According to the passage, the “school bus ” is __________ A.the bus offered by the school and different from the public bus B.the bus that has no difference from the public bus C.the bus that is driven by the students D.the bus that is not safe 65.According to the passage , who has the greatest degree of control of the school buses “ safety”? A.A new Research Council B.The Department of Transportation C.The Medical Organization D.National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 66. It may be inferred from this passage that ___________. A.many of the opponents of seat belt installation are parents and officials of the Department of Transportation. B.proposals of seat belts on school buses would be seriously considered C.an alternate safety device ( raising seat backs four inches) may be taken into consideration D.The Department of Transportation may either take the idea of seat belts or other measures when it reviews the whole situation

67.The title below which best expresses the idea of the passage is _________ A.Making School Buses Even Safer for Children B.Seat Belts Needed on School Buses C.Alternate Safety Devices and Procedures D.Safety in and around School Buses D Does a drink a day keep heart attacks away? Over the past 20 years, numerous studies have found that moderate alcohol consumption, say, one or two beers, glasses of wine or cocktails daily helps to prevent coronary heart disease . Last week a report in the New England Journal of Medicine added strong new evidence in support of that theory. More important, the work provided the first solid indication of how alcohol works to protect the heart. In the study, researchers from Boston’s Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvad Medical School compared the drinking habits of 340 men and women who had suffered recent heart attack with those of healthy people of the same age and sex. The scientists found that people who sip one to three drinks a day are about half as likely to suffer heart attacks as nondrinkers are. The apparent source of the protection: those who drank alcohol had higher blood levels of high density lipoproteins, the so called good cholesterol, which is known to prevent heart disease. As evidence has mounted, some doctors have begun recommending a daily drink for patients of heart diseases. But most physicians are not ready to recommend a regular happy hour for everyone. The risks of teetotal ling (绝对戒酒 ) are nothing compared with the dangers of too much alcohol, including high blood pressure, strokes and liver troubles---not to mention violent behavior and traffic accident. Moreover, some studies suggest that even moderate drinking may increase the incidence of breast and colon cancer. Until there is evidence that the benefits of a

daily dose of alcohol outweigh the risks, most people won’t be able to take a doctor’s prescription to the neighborhood bar or liquor store. 68. The medical article quoted in the first paragraph indicates________. A.the way in which alcohol can help the heart. B.how a couple of cocktails daily can stop heart problems C.why alcoholic drinks are dangerous to one’s health D.that reports on the advantages of alcohol were misled 69. Experiments showed that nondrinkers had___________. A.Larger amounts of good cholesterol cholesterol C.higher blood pressure D.lower blood pressure B.smaller amounts of good

70. According to the passage, moderate drinking_______. A.is recommended by most doctors for heart patients B.should be allowed on prescription C.is still not medically advisable D.is not related to liver problems 71. The main theme of this passage is A.the change in recent drinking habits B.the connection between cancer and alcohol

C.whether moderate drinkers outlive nondrinkers D.whether alcohol may be good for one’s health C My topic today is the internet . It was prompted(引出 ) by the first letter , which I am unable to answer fully for the reasons given! Dear David, I am a middle school student. Now I am preparing for a writing competition . Could you please check the mistakes in my article about using the Internet and give me some advice? Thank you. No name David writes: I am very sorry to say that I think it would be very unfair for me to help you win a competition---unfair to the other competitors! But I will say that your article is very interesting and I wish you good luck .Your article makes some good points that deserve talking about in this column!. --------Dear David, I’m now learning English by myself . Can you introduce some useful websites where I can make friends with foreigners ? Please help me. David writes: Well, dear moonlight , I bet you will make a good choice by using the Internet in your studies. Two very good websites I would suggest to you are: www. British council. org. cn and www.britishcouncil. Org. cn /learn English. By the way ,for those readers interested in the teaching of English , there is an Internet discussion group called English Language Teaching Contacts Scheme China List.

And also, a healthy warning to all my readers : If over used, the Internet can be a WOMBAT----a Waste of money , Brains and Time! 72. David is probably a _______. A.language expert chairman 73. What is the reason why the first letter is unable to be fully answered? A.David is unable to think out good advice B.David thinks it is expected to be fair in the competition C.David is going to talk on another topic -----the Internet D.David finds no mistakes in that article 74. “www. British council. org. cn ” is a (an)________ A.English newspaper for students and language teachers B.website where one can join a discussion group C.newspaper column for answering readers’ questions D.website where one can make foreign friends 75.Which of the following is NOT David’s opinion of the Internet? A.English teachers can exchange opinions on the Internet. B.The Internet is of much help to English learners C.Using the Internet is a waste of money and time B.computer expert C.college student D.club

D.We should make proper use of the Internet.

第二卷(共 35 分)
第四部分:写(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(满分 10 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断:如无错误,在该行 右边横线上画一个勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正: 该行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也 用斜线划掉。 该行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的 词。 该行错一个词;在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意:原行没有错的不要改。

“Practice makes perfect” was an old saying. It tells us that it does not any matter if we are slow at doing something. As long as we keep on trying and practice, we’ll do a good job in the end. The saying is especial useful in English study. Since a student is poor at speaking, he should grasp every chance to open mouth and speak English. His oral English maybe excellent One day due to his hard works. Not only is the saying useful in English study, it is also helpful in our

76. __________

77. __________ 78. __________ 79. __________ 80. __________ 81. __________ 82. __________ 83. __________

daily life. To an extent, it is no short cut in doing everything since key to success lies in “Practice makes perfect”. 84. __________ 85. __________

第二节书面表达(满分 25 分) 请根据以下提示,以“Global Shortage of Fresh Water”为题,用英语写一篇 120—150 词的短文。 1.人们以为淡水是取之不尽的(提示:雨水、河水、井水……) 2.实际上淡水是非常紧缺的(提示:人口增加,工业用水增加,污染……) 3.我们应该怎么办……

II.单项选择: 21-25 BACAB 26-30 DACCD 31-35 BCBBD III.完形填空: 36-40 ABCDB 41-45 DADAB 46-50 ABCDD 51-55 ACABC 36.A 意为“话题”,符合语境。 37.Btopic 在作者和朋友看来,游泳是一件“有趣的”事情

38.C 本句用“”引导一个反问句,用来加强语气。 39.D 作者认为去游泳可以使人更加“强壮”。 40.B 从逻辑上看,去游泳这件事应是三天以后才生的事。 41.D 作者和朋友一起在火车站当然是“等”公共汽车。 42.A 从第三段第一句 We soon reached the sands 可知。 43.D 本题用 even 表示一种递进关系。 44.AKeep us warm 意为“使我们感到暖和”。 45.B 由于天气冷,大家都想回去,但碍于面子谁也不愿“说出来”。 46.A 此出用 instead 表示转折。 47.B 海边没有其他的人,因而作者和朋友们是海边“仅有的”游泳人。 48.C 这里指“换衣服”。 49.D 从 we shook from head to feet”可知,“当时我们感到非常冷”。 50.D 句意为“最后我们决定跳进水里”。 51.A 由于海水冷,我们伸进水里的脚“很快”就缩了回来。 52.Cthen 在这里表示时间顺序,意为“接着”。 53.A 这次到海边游泳自然是“难忘的”经历。 54.BSo did my friends 意为“我的朋友们也一样”

55.C 由于受寒,所有去游泳的人都“感冒”了。 IV .阅读理解: 56-59 BDDC 60-63 ACAB 64-67 ADBA 68-71 BBCD 72-75 ABDC

56.B 考查细节理解。从第二段的第一、二句话可知。 67.D 考查综合推断。从第四段的第一句话可知。 58.D 考查正误判断。从倒数第三段可知,D 项是他们服务的内容之一。 59.C 考查综合推理。文章倒数第二段和最后一段最后一句都提到通过 click 获得信息, 根据此推测本文可能来自于网站。 60.A 主旨大意题。文章以布什总统即将签署的指示为引子,介绍了美国的军事发展 计划,将研制什么武器以及此举会有什么后果,所以选 A。选项 B 是美国的太空武器 发展计划可能会带来的后果,而非全文的主旨;虽然文中提到了现在美国总统和前总 统,只是提到了他们对发展太空武器的不同态度,并非主要比较他们之间的相同和不 同之处,所以排除 C。 61.C 细节理解题。选项 C 的叙述是错误的,因为文章没有比较布什政府和克林顿政 府的经济状况,我们也不能根据克林顿不支持耗资庞大的太空武器发展计划而推断出 其政府的经济情况。 62.A 推理判断题。文中提到美国前总统克林顿反对发展太空武器,与世界人民的心 愿是一致的,而布什么却支持发展太空武器,由此可推断他即将签署的命令是背离民 心的,所以 A 项符合文意。

63.B 推理判断题。推断作者观点态度。作者报道了一些事实,提出美国发展太空武 器的潜在影响,并且这样发展下去是违背民心的,由此可见作者对该计划持批评态度。 64.A 65.D 此题是问谁最有权控制学校班车的安全。文章第四段讲到:National Highway Traffic Safety Administration 在 1997 年制订的安全措施很好地保护了孩子们的安全。 据此可以推断出,该机构有权就校车安全问题制定相关规定,它是最有权威的,所以 答案应该是 D。A 属于非官方,B 指交通部,但文中只指出它能“ review”,并未指出或 暗示它能“控制 ”; C 不属于交通方面,故不对。 66.B 文章最后一段讲到,国会的要求下,交通部发起的这份调查报告要求详尽地考 察座位安全带问题,同时要广泛调查校车:内部以及周围的安全环境。因此选择 B。 67.A 通篇文章讲的是学生乘坐校车的安全问题。许多人要求采取更安全的措施。所 以答案应该选 A。 68-75 略

V.短文改错: 76.was 改为 is 77.去掉 any 78.practice 改为 practicing 79.especial 改为 especially 80.Since 改为 If 81.mouth 前加 his 82.works 改为 work 83.正确 84. it 改为 there 85.key 前加 the VI 书面表达:

One possible version

Global Shortage of Fresh Water Fresh water seems everywhere, in rivers, lakes, wells, as well as the rains, which makes some people think that we should never worry about it. As a matter of fact, global shortage of fresh water is getting more and more serious with the development of industries and the rising population. We are consuming much more water than what our mother earth is able to provide. To think of the pictures of the barren lands in many parts of the world and the poor children in African deserts who are dying for water. What’s worse, much of the limited water has been polluted, making it unfit to drink. Therefore, we should no longer be indifferent about this. To protect our valuable water resources, we should call on people to cherish every drop of fresh water.
Do remember: we are not saving water; we are saving our own lives.



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