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高二英语过去分词的用法


过去分词

Sum up
英语中,过去分词可以用作宾语补 足语。能用作宾语补足语的过去分词 一般是及物动词,表示被动意义或已 完成意义,有时候两者兼而有之。作 宾语补足语的过去分词与宾语有逻辑 上的动宾关系,即宾语是过去分词动 作的对象。如:

She found the door broken in when she

came back. 此句中过去分词broken in作宾语补足语, 与宾语door之间具有被动关系,表示一种
状态。 一、过去分词用在表示状态的动词keep, leave等的后面。

They kept the door locked for a long time. Don’t leave the windows broken like this all the time. 二、过去分词用在get, have, make的后 面,应注意以下几点: 1.“have+宾语+过去分词”的两种 用法:

A)表示“让某人或组织某人做某事”。 I have had my bike repaired. The villagers had many trees planted just then. B)表示“遭遇到某种不幸;受到打击” 等。 I had my wallet stolen on a bus last month.

The old man had his leg broken in the

accident.
2.“make+宾语+过去分词”,在这

种结构中,过去分词的动词必须是表示
结果含义的。

I raised my voice to make myself
heard.

They managed to make themselves

understood in very simple English. 三、过去分词用在感观动词watch, notice, see, hear, listen to, feel, find等的 后面。
When we got to school, we saw the door locked.

We can hear the windows beaten by the heavy rain drops. 四、过去分词用在want, wish, like等 表示“希望,愿望”这一类动词后面作 宾语补足语。

The boss wouldn’t like the problem discussed at the moment. I want the suit made to his own measure.

五、过去分词用在“with+宾语+宾 补(过去分词)”这一结构中,过去分词与 宾语之间是动宾关系。 The thief was brought in with his hands tied behind his back. With many brightly-colored flowers planted around the building,his house looks like a beautiful garden.

1. ______ poor at English, I’m

afraid I can’t make myself ______.
A. To be; understand B. I’m; to understand

C. Being; understanding
D. D Being; understood

2. I have had my bike ______, and

I’m going to have somebody
______ my radio tomorrow.

A. repair; to repair
B. repairing; to be repaired C. C repaired; repair

D. to repair; repairing

3. You must get the work ______ before Friday. A. do B. to do C. doing D. done

4. ______ the room, the nurse
found the tape-recorder ______ . A. Entering; stealing

B. Entering; gone B
C. To have entered; being stolen

D. Having entered; to be stolen

5.We are pleased to see the

problem ______ so quickly.
A. A settled

B. having been settled
C. be settled

D. settling

Homework
1. Finish the rest of vocabulary exercises.
2. Finish the rest of grammar exercises

on workbook.


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