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定语从句分析讲解


定语从句:是指在复合句中, 修饰名词或 代词的从句. 被定语从句所修饰的名词或代 词叫做“先行词 ”. 引导定语从句的词叫“关系词 ”

引导定语从句的关系词
指代人 who,whom,that 指代事物 which,that 所属关系 whose,of which 指地点 where 关 指时间 when 系 指原因 why 副 词 关 系 代



关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
A plane is a machine. The machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences: A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine the machine can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences: A plane is a machine. The machine can fly. A plane is a machine that /which can fly.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:

The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl we saw her yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
her The girl

we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her we saw

yesterday is Mary.

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl her is Mary.

we saw

yesterday

关系代词的实质
Join the following sentences:
The girl is Mary. We saw her yesterday.
The girl that/who/whom is Mary.

we saw yesterday

注意避免重复

一. Warming up

二.当先行词为物时只用that的情况 三.当先行词为人时只用that的情况 四.当先行词为人时,只用who的情况 五.先行词为一些特定的词时 六.先行词为地点或时间名词时 七.介词加which结构 八.非限定性定语从句 九.注意及特例 十. Exercise

Warming up
Please make sentences with the pictures and the given key words, using the attributive clauses.

a boy has a scar forehead

Harry Porter is a boy who/that has a scar on his forehead.

the city
Beijing is the city where /in which the 2008 Olympic Games will be held.

Beijing

2008

Oct. 1, 1949

the day

found

Oct.1,1949 is the day when/ on which the PRC was founded.

Yining

people live happily

a city

Yining is a city where/in which people are living happily.

He is the man who taught us how to be a soldier.先行词

To lead the clause 关系词
To act as one part of the clause

1. All All, that ismuch, needed isnone, a supply of oil. 1. everything,

anything, something, the one作先行 what 词时 2. The city is the one that /--- I remember.

3.The first book that I chose yesterday is interesting 2. 当先行词是序数词或被序数词修饰时 just the book 5. This is the best film that has been made by 4.当先行词为最高级或被最高级修饰时 children. He is the best man that/who/whom/--- I have met. (人不受限制)

4.This is the very/right that/--I, am looking 3.当先行词被 onlybook ,any ,just right , for

very,few,little,no,all修饰时

6. They are talking about the 5.当先行词中有人又有物时 people and the school that/--they paid a visit to.

6.which引导的特殊疑问句,避免 7. Which is the book that/--- you bought? 重复只用that 7.当关系代词在从句中作表语时 It isn ’ t the beautiful pig that it was. 只用that,且不可以省
8. 它不再是以前那只漂亮的小猪了。

1. 由who引导的特殊疑问句,为避免 重复只用that eg:Who is the man that is talking with Mr. Black? 2.当关系代词在从句中作表语时只用 that eg: He isn’t the clever boy that he was. =used to be.

1.先行词为one,ones,anyone, those,he时,只用who eg:He who laughs last laughs best. 2.在there be句型中,先行词为人 只用who

eg: 那儿有个偷东西的人。 There is a man who is stealing.

1.当先行词被the same修饰时,填that 或as He wears the same hat ___I as bought last year. two hats (两顶帽子比较) This is the same hat _____I that lost last year. only one hat(就是那顶丢失的帽子) 2.当先行词被such, so修饰时,用as eg:Don’t read such books as you can’t understand.

3. the way作先行词: 宾语 which/that/---Is this the way

状语
in which/that/----

which/that/---- you told me? _______

in which/that/----you spoke at the meeting? _______ 你就是以这种方式在会上讲话的吗?

4. the reason作先行词: 宾语 which/that/---eg:This is the reason why/for which he came late. ______ which/that/---______he gave for his being late. 状语 why/for which

5.先行词与从句的主语构成从属关系 eg: He is the lawyer whose daughter went abroad. = the daughter of whom = of whom the daughter eg: 他们住在一间门是兰色的房子里。 They live in a house whose door is blue. = the door of which = of which the door

Is this the village _____________left which/that 1.当先行词为地点名词时,关系 you a deep impression? 词有三种可能 which/that/---_______________you can’t which/that 主语 forget?

宾语

where/ in which ______________you stayed which/that/---during the vacation? which/that/---______________you lived in?

状语

(作in的宾语)

where=prep.+which

which/that/---I ll remember the days_____________ 2’.先行词为时间名词时 : I spent in the town. 宾语 状语 when/in ____________we which lived together. which/that/---- when=prep.+which when/on which we lived the day________________ together. eg: 昨天是你念念不忘的一天。 on which we lived together. the date _________ Yesterday is the day _______________you can never forget which/that/----

This is has the hundreds book _____which I spent China on of islands, the 8 yuan. largest _____which is Taiwan. of _____which for I paid 8 yuan. to He is the person_____whom you will from _____ which I learned a lot. write. by_____which about the they talking. _____whom bookare was written. from _____ in which there are few new _____whom I learnt a lot. _____whom towords. I can turn for help. (turn to sb. for help) with _____whom I worked in the factory.

This is the river I have lots of friends, some/none of _____are friendly. whom by/beside _______which there is a factory. _______ there is a boat. on which I have lots of friends, and some of them ____are friendly. ______________a over/across which bridge was built. along I havewhich lots of friends. Some of __________we often have a walk. them ____are friendly.

Non-restrictive attributive clause(非限定 性定语从句) 特征:用逗号隔开,起补充说明作用,译 成两句话.

He will go to see his wife, who is in Beijing 他将去北京看望妻子,她在北京工作. (没有逗号翻译成:他将去看望在北京 工作的那个妻子.)
He passed the exam, which makes me happy.

The babies after whom the nurse is looking are very healthy. 一.注意: (F)

1.有些固定的短语介词不提前 The babies (whom / who / that) the 含有介词的短语动词一般不拆开, nurse is looking after are very 介词仍放在短语动词的后面。如: healthy. ( T ) look for, look after, take care of 等。
This is the watch (which / that) I am looking for.

2.注意主谓一致 I who ____your am friend, will always The family, wants Anyone who ________(want) to see back you up. which____ going to move, isshould the film for it. are buying The manager is pay tickets. want Those one of who_________ the people who (want) ____going to get are to see who _______ (love) the film should paymusic, for it. are buying love prizes. tickets. the only one of the people who ____ is

going to…

1.As is known to all, you have got 2 关系代词 as在非限制性定语从句中指代整 件事,充当从句中的主语或者宾语,翻译 prizes in the military training. 为“正如”。 2.As is expected, he married Helen. 3.As we all know, he is a famous scientist.
As引导限制性定语从句时,经常和the same, such, as一起搭配使用,共同构成 一个固定词组。

Sheis has the book book as you This such ansame interesting as have. we all like.

as引导定语从句可放在句首,句中, 句末,可以使用被动语态,而which 引导定语从句不能放在句首. as译为正 如,which 则没有此义。 1. ____ As everyone knows, it is necessary to
build a hospital in this small town. 2. It is necessary to build a hospital in this as/ which is clear to us. small town, _________ 3. Our department will hold the meeting, as __________ is known by us.

1. Watch the girl and her dog _____ are crossing the bridge! A.which C. they B. who D. that

D

2. He is the only one of the three _____ got the new idea. A. who have B. whom have C. who has D. whose had

3. As a teacher, I seldom give my students so difficult a problem _____ they can not work out. A. that C. in order that B. if D. as

4. _____ we know now, bats(蝙蝠) come out at night. A. As C. That B. Which D. What

5. In the school there are one thousand students, and 45% of _____ are girls. A. which C. whom B. those D. them

6. The reason _____ he didn’t do his homework was _____ he wasn’t told to. A. why; that B. which; because

C. which; that D. why; because

7.You can hardly imagine the difficulty she had ______ enough evidence(证据)to prove the case. A. collected B. to collect C. collecting D. to have collected

8. Can you think of a scene _____ this word can be used?

A. where C. while

B. which D. why

9. He is the same teacher _____ spoke at the meeting on the opening ceremony. A. as C. that B. whom D. who

10. This is the point _____ they met some difficulty.

A. when C. at which

B. in which D. that

11. Was _____ at the air battle on June 8, 1994, _____ was led by Captain Johnson _____ Peter lost his life?

A. B. C. D.

it; when; that that; that; who it; which; that it; which; when

12. The film brought the hours to me _____ I was taken good care of in that faraway village. A. until C. when B. that D. where

13. Was it in the village _____ we used to live in _____ the accident happened? A. where; that B. which; that C. that; where D. where; which


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