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2012上海高考英语考试手册


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2011 年高考上海卷考试手册-英语科
一、考试性质和对象
上海市英语科高考是为高校招生而进行的选拔考试。它的指导思想是有助于高等学校选 拔新生,有助于中学实施素质教育和对学生语言综合运用能力的培养。 考试对象为 2011 年考生。

二、考试目标
英语科高

考旨在测试考生的英语基础知识和运用语言的能力。其中,着重语言运用能力 的考核。 英语基础知识包括语音、语法、词汇和语言功能。 语言运用能力指获取、理解信息的能力(听、读),按情景或要求表达思想、传递信息的 能力(写) 。 语言基础知识和听、读、写的具体测试目标为:

语言基础知识
主要测试考生对语言基础知识的掌握和运用能力,具体目标为: 1. 能在具体语境中正确识别和理解不同语音、语调所表达的意义。 2. 能在具体语境中正确识别、理解和运用语法结构。 3. 能在具体语境中正确理解和运用词汇。 4. 能在具体语境中正确理解和运用语言功能。


主要测试考生理解口头英语并完成相关任务的能力,具体目标为: 1. 能获取重要的事实信息; 2. 能根据事实信息进行简单的推断; 3. 能理解话语中隐含的意思; 4. 能归纳话语的主旨大意。

阅读
主要测试考生理解书面英语并完成相关任务的能力,具体目标为: 1. 能理解文章的基本内容; 2. 能根据上下文正确理解词语和句子; 3. 能归纳文章的主旨大意; 4. 能推测文章中的隐含意思; 5. 能运用阅读技能完成不同文体的阅读任务。


主要测试考生的书面表达能力,具体的目标为: 1. 能运用所学的语言知识译出正确通顺的句子; 2. 能根据题意正确、连贯、贴切地进行书面表达。

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三、试卷结构
英语科高考采用笔试的方式,其中口试只要求报考英语专业和其他相关专业的考生参 加,并提前单独进行(口试要求见《2011 年上海市高考英语口语考试手册》。笔试试卷结 ) 构如下: 卷号 大题结构 短对话 听力 语法和 词汇 阅读理 解 短文 长对话 语法 词汇 仔细阅读 快速阅读 第Ⅱ卷 合计 翻译 写作 单句表达 篇章表达 第Ⅰ卷 测试题型 多项选择 多项选择 填空 多项选择 选词填空 完形填空 多项选择 简短回答 配对 中译英 指导性写作 10 题 6题 8题 16 题 9题 15 题 11 题 4题 5题 5题 1题 5题 1题 90 题 35 题 25 题 24 题 题量 计分 10 12 8 16 9 15 22 8 5 20 25 150 20 25 120 分钟 50 100 分钟 25 30 20 分钟 时间

四、答题要求
笔试分为第Ⅰ卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分,要求考生在 120 分钟内完成。第Ⅰ卷第 1~16 小题、 第 25~80 小题采用多项选择题的形式,答案必须涂写在答题卡上,写在试卷上无效。第Ⅰ 卷第 17~24 小题、 81~84 小题的答案和第Ⅱ卷答案必须写在答题纸上, 第 写在试卷上无效。

五、考试内容和要求
根据《上海市中小学英语课程标准(征求意见稿),确定考试内容和要求如下: 》

1. 词汇
基本参照 2012 年上海市教育考试院的《高考英语词汇手册》 。

2. 语法
Ⅰ.词法 (1) 名词 名词复数的构成、专有名词、不可数名词、名词所有格 (2) 代词 人称代词、物主代词、指示代词、不定代词、疑问代词、反身代词、it 的用 法 (3) 数词 基数词和序数词 (4) 介词 常用介词和介词短语 (5) 形容词和副词 比较级和最高级的构成及基本用法、同级比较 (6) 冠词 定冠词和不定冠词 (7) 连词 并列连词和从属连词 (8) 动词 ① 动词时态 一般现在时、现在进行时、现在完成时、一般过去时、过去进行时、过去完成时、一般 将来时、过去将来时、现在完成进行时、将来进行时(只作理解要求) ② 动词语态
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主动语态 被动语态(一般现在时、一般过去时、一般将来时、现在进行时、现在完成时、过去进 行时、过去完成时、过去将来时、带情态动词的被动语态) ③ 动词语气 陈述语气、祈使语气、虚拟语气(只作理解要求) 非谓语动词分词(否定式、完成式、被动式;作定语、表语、宾语补足语、状语) 动名词(否定式、完成式、被动式、复合结构;作主语、宾语、表语、定语) 不定式(否定式、进行式、(2011 年没有此项)完成式、被动式、与疑问词连用;作主语、 表语、宾语、宾语补足语、定语、状语) ④ 情态动词和助动词 Ⅱ.句法 (1) 句子种类 陈述句、疑问句、祈使句、感叹句 (2) 句子类型 简单句、并列句、复合句(状语从句、定语从句、宾语从句、主语从句、 同位语从句、表语从句) (3) 倒装句 (4) 强调结构

3. 语言功能
(1) Greetings 问候 A. Hello/Hi! Good morning/afternoon/evening! How are you? B. Hello/Hi! Good morning/afternoon/evening! Fine, thanks. And you? Very well, thank you. And you? (2011 年没有此句。 ) Please give my regards /best wishes/love to …… Please remember me to…… (2) Introductions 介绍 A. This is Mr/Mrs/Miss/Ms…… B. How do you do? Nice /Glad/ Pleased to meet you. C. How do you do? Nice /Glad/ Pleased to see/meet you, too My name is …… I’m a student/doctor/ etc. (3) Farewells 告别 Goodbye/Bye-Bye/Bye! See you later /tomorrow/see you. Good night ! Well, I must be off now . I really must be going now.

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(4) Thanks 感谢 A. Thank you (very much ). Thanks a lot Many thanks. Thanks for… That’s very kind of you. B. Not at all. You’ re welcome. It’s a pleasure . Don’t mention it . (5) Invitation 邀请 A. I’d like to invite you to …… Will you come to ……? Would you like to ……? How about ……? (2011 年为:How about to…?) B. Yes, I’d love to /like to Yes, it’s very kind /nice of you to… Thank you. I’d be glad to. C. I’d like to, but …… I’m sorry, but …… (6) Good wishes and congratulations 祝愿和祝贺 A. Good luck ! Best wishes to you ! Wish you a pleasant journey. Have a good time. Congratulations ! Congratulations on your success! Happy birthday to you! Merry Christmas! Happy New Year! B. Thank you. Thank you. The same to you. Merry Christmas! Happy new year! (7 )Attracting attention 提醒, 引起注意 Excuse me, … (8) Requesting clarification 澄清 Pardon? Please say that again. What do you mean by…… ?
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I’m sorry I can’t follow you I’m sorry I didn’t catch you (9) Identifying 辨别 This/That is…… These / Those are …… This/That is…… mine /yours. These / Those ……are mine /yours. This /That boy is my brother. These / Those girls are my classmates. (10) Reporting (including describing and narrating )报告 They did /had /were …… He said/told me that they had done /were doing/would do…… (11)Correcting 改正 No... He/She has no... He/She has not any.. There is/are no... There is/are not any... He/She has never done/been.. You/They(2011 年为 You/She) do not... He/She does not.. There is nothing... (He/She is/dose not…, is/does he/she? Yes, he/she is/does. No, he/she isn't/doesn't.) (12) Asking for information 询问 Ask/Do you/they...? Is he/she/that...? When/Where/Why/Which/What do you...? What's the... like...? What day (date) is it today? Who/How...? Can/Could you tell me...? (13) Likes and dislikes 喜好和厌恶 A.I like/love...(very much/best) B.I don't like... I hate... (14) Preferences 偏爱
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I like... better than... I'd prefer...(to...) (15) Intention, want and desire 意愿和欲望 A. I'm going to... I'd like to... I will... I want/hope/intend/plan/wish... B. Are you going to...? Would you like to...? Do you want to...? Will you...? (16) Agreement and disagreement 同意和反对 A. Yes, please. All right/O.K. Sure/Certainly/Of course. Yes, I think so. I agree with you. B. No, I don't think so. I'm afraid not. I'm afraid I don't/can't agree with you. (17) Ability and inability 能够和不能够 I can... I can't... I'm able to... I'm not able/unable to... (18) Certainty and uncertainty A. I'm sure(of that). I'm sure(that)... B. I'm not sure(of that.) I'm not sure whether/if... I doubt if... I can't be certain... C. Perhaps... Maybe... 肯定和不肯定

(19) Obligations 职责 I/We/You/He/They must... I/We/You/He/They have to... I/We/You/He/They should/ought to... It is necessary to.../that...
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(20) Asking for permission 请求同意及应答 A. May I...? Can/Could I...? I wonder if I could.../if it is possible to... Would/Do you mind...? B. Yes/O.K. Sure/Certainly/Of course. That's all right. Please go ahead. Not at all. Certainly not. C. I'm afraid... I'm sorry... You'd better not... I don't think that's possible. (21)Apologies 致歉及答应 A. I’m (very) sorry.(Sorry) I’m sorry for/about….. Excuse me (for…) I apologize for… B. That’s all right ./That’s O.K. It doesn’t matter. That’s nothing. Don’t worry. It’s nothing. Never mind about that… (22)Appreciation 赏识 It’s very good/nice. That’s good idea. (23)Surprise 惊奇 Really? Oh dear! Is that so? (24)Pleasure 喜悦 I’m glad/pleased to… That’s nice/great/wonderful… (25)Concerns 关心 What’s worry (with you)? What’s the matter (with you)?
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Is there anything wrong/the matter? (26)Regret and sympathy 遗憾和同情 A. What a shame! What a pity! It’s a pity that… B. I’m sorry to… I’m sorry for/about… (27)Requests 恳求及答应 A. Can/Could/Will/Would you…? Please… Don’t…, please. No…, please. B. O.K Sure/Certainly/Of course I’d be glad/happy to. C. I’m afraid… I’m sorry… (28)Offers 提供帮助及报答 A. Can/Could/Shall I help you? What can I do for you? Let me…for you Do you want me to… Would you like (to)…? Would you like me to…for you? Is there anything (else) I can do for you? Would you like some…? B. Yes, please. Thanks. That would be nice/fine. C. No, thanks/thank you (all/just the same) That’s very kind of you, but… (29) Advice and suggestions 劝告和建议 A. You’d better… You should/ought to… You need (to)… I suggest that… B. Shall we…? Let’s… Let’s…, shall we? What/How about…? (30) Warnings and prohibition 警告和禁止
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A. Look out! Be careful! If you…,you’ll… B. Don’t… You can’t/mustn’t… (31) Judgement and opinion 判断和意见 A. It certainly is. I find it very interesting/enjoyable/exciting/amusing. That’s great/wonderful/too bad. B. In my opinion,… It seems… So far as I know,… (32)Complaint 抱怨 Could you…? Why can’t you…? I’m sorry to have said that, but… I wish you wouldn’t have… (33) Satisfaction and dissatisfaction 满意和不满意 It couldn’t be better. It was a wonderful /marvelous /great …… What a great success! What a disappointment! 4.话题 具体内容见《上海市中小学英语课程标准(征求意见稿) 》中“基本素材” 。 5.体载 具体内容见《上海市中小学英语课程标准(征求意见稿) 》中“呈现形式” 。 六.题型示例 第Ⅰ卷 I. Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. At a studio. B. Near a railway station. C. At the airport. D. Near a movie theatre. 2. A. He doesn't like tea. B. He doesn't want coffee. C. He prefers milk and sugar. D. He's sorry for causing trouble.
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Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passages. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. Some engineers. B. The landlord of the pub. C. The former employees. D. Some customers of the company. 2. A. Three years. B. Five years ago. C. Last year. D. This year. 3. A. Why a company lost its customers. B. Why a company went out of business. C. How a company went from bad to worse. D. How a company got out of its difficult situation. Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have hear. Write your answers on your answer sheet. (A) Complete the message. Write ONE WORD for each answer. TELEPHONE MESSAGE For: Sale 1 From: Name: Sarah 2 Company: Family Shopping Center Tel No: 3 Message: Could you demonstrate the new 4 at the Shopping Centre next week?

(B) Complete the Form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer. What happened to schools in England in the Many schools became 1970s? Why do girls do better at single-sex schools? They learn to be 2 about their appearance. Why do boys' parents prefer to send their kids They think girls will be to mixed schools? In what aspect do girls perform better than In 4 . boys? 1 . and less worried 3 on boys.

听力材料及参考答案: Section A 1. M: Did you get the tickets? W: Yes, I did. Let's go in. The movie is about to start. Q: Where does the conversation probably take place? (D) 本题考核目标为能根据事实信息进行简单的推断。 (2011 年为:是获取重要的事实信息的能
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力。 ) 2. W: How do you take your coffee? Milk? Sugar? M: Actually, I would prefer tea, if it is not too much trouble. Q: What does the man mean? (B ) 本题考查目标为能理解话语中隐含的意思。 Section B Five years ago I had to make a big decision. At the time I was working for a small engineering company. However, things were not going very well for the company and it was losing money. One day the boss told us that the company was out of business. We were all unemployed. That lunch-time we went to the pub as usual. We were all very depressed. Well, of course we talked about the problem.Then the landlord of the pub heard the news. He said: "Why don't you buy the company? " At first we all laughed, but then we started to discuss it properly. We knew the problems. The company had lost a lot of customers because it hadn't developed new products. But finally we decided to go for it. So we bought the company. The first few years were very difficult. But we worked hard and we had a bit of luck. We began to improve three years ago. Since then we have done pretty well. Last year we took on four new people and so far this year we have taken on another ten. 1. Who bought the company that was out of business? (C ) 本题考核目标为获取话语中的事实信息。 (2011 年为:重要的事实信息的能力。 ) 2. When did the company start to employ new people? (C ) 本题考核目标为能获取话语中的事实信息。 (2011 年为:获取重要的事实信息的能力。 ) 3. What did the story mainly tell us? (D) 本题考核目标为归纳话语的主旨大意。 Section C (A) W: Good morning. Could I speak to the Sales Manager please? M: I'm sorry. He's not in this morning. Who's speaking, please? W: Sarah Jones of the Family Shopping Centre. Have you got any idea when he'll be back? M: I'm afraid he probably won't be back until tomorrow. Can I give him a message? W: Yes, please. M: Would you mind spelling your name, please? W: Sarah Jones, that's J-O-N-E-S. M: And your telephone number? W: He can reach me most easily on 574430. M: And what's the message? W: Well, I was wondering if he could give a demonstration of your company's new radios in the Family Shopping Centre––any time next week that's convenient for him. M: OK, I'll tell him that as soon as he comes in tomorrow. 1. Manager
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本题考查目标为能获取话语中的事实信息。 2. Jones 本题考查目标为能获取话语中的事实信息。 3. 574430 本题考查目标为能获取话语中的事实信息。 4. radios 本题考查目标为能获取话语中的事实信息。

(2011 年为:获取重要的事实信息的能力。 ) (2011 年为:获取重要的事实信息的能力。 ) (2011 年为:获取重要的事实信息的能力。 ) (2011 年为:获取重要的事实信息的能力。 )

(B) M: In England today are schools mixed or single sex? W: Well, there are both. Fifty years ago all schools used to be single sex, I mean girls only or boys only. Then in the 1970s, many schools changed and became mixed. M: Do parents still prefer mixed schools? W: No, things have changed. Today many parents, especially parents of girls, think that their children get a better education in single-sex schools. M: Why do girls do better at single-sex schools? W: Because girls learn to be more self-confident and less worried about their appearance. M: What about boys? W: Well, today, many parents of boys want to send them to mixed schools. They think that the girls will be a positive influence on boys. M: So, generally speaking, who does better at mixed schools? W: Oh, the girls. They get better exam results than boys. 1. mixed 本题考查目标为能获取话语中的事实信息。 (2011 年为:获取重要的事实信息的能力。 ) 2. more self-confident 本题考查目标为能获取话语中的事实信息。 (2011 年为:获取重要的事实信息的能力。 ) 3. a positive influence 本题考查目标为能获取话语中的事实信息。 (2011 年为:获取重要的事实信息的能力。 ) 4. exams 本题考查目标为能根据事实信息进行简单的推断。 (2011 年为:获取重要的事实信息进 行简单的推断。 ) II. Grammar and Vocabulary Section A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. 1. —Did you tidy your room? —No, I was going to tidy my room but I visitors. A. had B. have C. have had D. will have 答案为 A,本题考查时态。 2. The Town Hall in the 1800's was the most distinguished building at that time. A. to be completed B. having been completed C. completed D. being completed
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答案为 C,本题考查非谓语动词。 Section B Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A. honoured F. granted B. set G. route C. historic H. briefly D. secretly I. restoration E. citizen J. leading

Frederick Douglass was an escaped slave in the movement that fought to end slavery in the United States. He became a 1 voice in the years before the Civil War. A few weeks ago, the National Park Service (NPS) 2 Douglass's birth and Black History Month with the reopening of his home at Cedar Hill, a 3 site in Washington, D.C. The two-story house, which contains many of Douglass's personal possessions, had undergone a three-year 4 . (Thanks to the NPS website, however, you don't have to live in the nation's capital to visit it. Take a tour online.) He was born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey to a slave mother and a white father he never knew. Douglass grew up to become the first black 5 to hold a government office--as US minister and consul general (总领事) to Haiti. As a youth, he never went to school. Educating slaves was illegal in the South, so he 6 taught himself to read and write. At 21 years old, he escaped from his slave owner to Massachusetts and changed his last name to Douglass, to hide his identity. In the 1850s, Douglass was involved with the Underground Railroad, the system 7 up by antislavery groups to bring runaway slaves to the North and Canada. His home in Rochester, N.Y. was near the Canadian border. It became an important station on the 8 , housing as many as 11 runaway slaves at a time. He died in 1895. In his lifetime, Douglass witnessed the end of slavery in 1865 and the adoption of the 15th Amendment to the US Constitution (美国宪法修正案), which 9 African-Americans the right to vote. 参考答案: 1. J 2. A 3. C 4. I 5. E 6. D 7. B 8. G 9. F 本大题考查词汇知识及能在具体语境中正确理解和运用词汇。 (2011 年为:根据语篇意义 和句子结构运用词汇的能力。 ) III. Reading Comprehension Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. Everyone in business has been told that success is all about attracting and retaining (留住) customers. It sounds simple and achievable. But, 1 . words of wisdom are soon forgotten. Once companies have attracted customers they often 2 the second half of the story. In the excitement of beating off the competition, negotiating prices, securing orders, and delivering the product, managers tend to become carried away. They forget what they regard as the boring side of business— 3 that the customer remains a customer. 4 to concentrate on retaining as well as attracting customers costs businesses huge amounts of money annually. It has been estimated that the average company loses between 10 and 30 per cent of its customers every year. In constantly changing 5 . this is not surprising. What is surprising is the fact that few companies have any idea how many customers they have lost.
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Only now are organizations beginning to wake up to these lost opportunities and calculate the 6 implications. Cutting down the number of customers a company loses can make a big 7 in its performance. Research in the US found that a five per cent decrease in the number of defecting (流失的) customers led to 8 increases of between 25 and 85 per cent. In the US, Domino's Pizza estimates that a regular customer is worth more than $5,000 over ten years. A customer who receives a poor quality product or service on their first visit and 9 never returns, is losing the company thousands of dollars in 10 profits (more if you consider how many people they are likely to tell about their bad experience). The logic behind cultivating customer 11 is impossible to deny. "In practice most companies' marketing effort is focused on getting customers, with little attention paid to 12 them", says Adrian Payne of Cornfield University's School of Management. "Research suggests that there is a close relationship between retaining customers and making profits. 13 customers .tend to buy more, are predictable and usually cost less to service than new customers. Furthermore, they tend to be less price 14 . and may provide free word-of-mouth advertising. Retaining customers also makes it 15 for competitors to enter a market or increase their share of a market." 1. A. in particular B. in reality C. at least D. first of all 2. A. emphasize B. doubt C. overlook D. believe 3. A. denying B. ensuring C. arguing D. proving 4. A. Moving B. Hoping C. Starting D. Failing 5. A. markets B. tastes C. prices D. expenses 6. A. cultural B. social C. financial D. economical 7. A. promise B. plan C. mistake D. difference 8. A. cost B. opportunity C. profit D. budget 9. A. as a result B. on the whole C. in conclusion D. on the contrary 10. A. huge B. potential C. extra D. reasonable 11. A. beliefs B. loyalty C. habits D. interest 12. A. altering B. understanding C. keeping D. attracting 13. A. Assumed B. Respected C. Established D. Unexpected 14. A. agreeable B. flexible C. friendly D. sensitive 15. A. unfair B. difficult C. essential D. convenient 参考答案:l. B 2. C 3. B 4. D 5. A 6. C 7.D 8. C 9. A 10. B 11. B 12. C 13. C 14. D 15.B 本大题考查根据上下文,理解语篇意义的能力。 Section B Directions: Read the following passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) The "Bystander Apathy Effect" was first studied by researchers in New York after neighbours ignored---and in some cases turned up the volume on their TVs---the cries of a woman as she was
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murdered (over a half-hour period) . With regard to helping those in difficulty generally, they found that: (1) women are helped more than men; (2) men help more than women; (3) attractive women are helped more than unattractive women. Other factors relate to the number of people in the area, whether the person is thought to be in trouble through their own fault, and whether a person sees himself as being able to help. According to Adrian Furnham, Professor of University College, London, there are three reasons why we tend to stand by doing nothing: (1) "Shifting of responsibility"- the more people there are, the less likely help is to be given. Each person excuses himself by thinking someone else will help, so that the more "other people" there are, the greater the total shifting of responsibility. (2) "Fear of making a mistake"- situations are often not clear. People think that those involved in an incident may know each other or it may be a joke, so a fear of embarrassment makes them keep themselves to themselves. (3) " Fear of the consequences if attention is turned on you, and the person is violent." Laurie Taylor, Professor of Sociology at London University, says: "In the experiments I've seen on intervention (介入) , much depends on the neighborhood or setting. There is a silence on public transport which is hard to break. We are embarrassed to draw attention to something that is happening, while in a football match, people get involved, and a fight would easily follow." Psychotherapist Alan Dupuy identifies the importance of the individual: "The British as a whole have some difficulty intervening, but there are exceptional individuals in every group who are prepared to intervene, regardless of their own safety. These would be people with a strong moral code or religious ideals." 1. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage? A. Pretty women are more likely to be helped. B. People on a bus are more likely to stop a crime. C. Religious people are more likely to look on. D. Criminals are more likely to harm women. 2. Which factor is NOT related with intervention according to the passage? A. Sex. B. Nationality. C. Profession. D. Setting. 3. Which phenomenon can be described as the "Bystander Apathy Effect" ? A. When one is in trouble, people think it's his own fault. B. In a football match, people get involved in a fight. C. Seeing a murder, people feel sorry that it should have happened. D. On hearing a cry for help, people keep themselves to themselves. 4. The author wrote this article . A. to explain why bystanders behave as they do B. to urge people to stand out when in need C. to criticize the selfishness of bystanders D. to analyze the weakness of human nature 参考答案: 1. 答案为 A。 本题考查目标为理解文章的基本内容。
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2. 答案为 C。 本题考查目标为理解文章的基本内容。 3. 答案为 D。 本题考查推测文章中的隐含意思。 4. 答案为 A。 本题考查归纳文章的主旨大意。 (B) Products: mail order Buy 3-piece luggage set for only £69.99 Pack with confidence, Travel in Style…. Arrive Intact This elegant luggage is manufactured in a new hard-wearing plastic which is strong and very light in weight. · Light but hard-wearing · locks (2 key and 1 combination lock )for total security 3 · Supplied with initials for personalization MD 9572 £69.99 ALL ORDERS DELIVERED FREE TO YOUR DOOR

Plan your journey the easy way This portable Traveler will give you directions from A to B anywhere in England, Scotland and Wales. Just enter the start and the end of your journey and the Traveler will work out the quickest route. The Traveler can also estimate the journey time, average speed and fuel consumption. Need to change your journey at any stage? The Traveler will give you a new set of directions. Other features include auto shut-off and a built-in light for night-time use. Powered by 4AA batteries (not supplied). MD 7437 Traveler £69.99 How much do you know? Everyone, young and old, enjoys and challenge of quizzers. Our electronic Quizmaster contains 5,400 questions and answers in 6 classifications—general knowledge, sport, science, geography, art and history. Each of these is further divided into 3 skill levels (easy, medium and difficult)so younger children can fairly compete against teenagers and adults. PLUS! Every Quizmaster includes: · Games of Hangman 8 · Fortune Teller Games · 10-digit calculator · life cell batteries included long MD 9569 Quizmaster was £19.99 now £14.99 1. In advertisement 2, the Traveler enables us to learn__________. A. the road conditions from London to Oxfords B. all the garages along the chosen route C. the time and speed of the journey in Britain D. the directions from London to Paris. 2. In advertisement 3, the Quizmaster_________.
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A. contains nothing but 5400 questions B. can only answer challenging questions C. can be purchased in many shops D. can be used by people of all 3. These advertisements are presented to those_________. A. who like to order goods at home B. who are going to travel abroad C. who do market researches D. who are interested in intelligence tests 参考答案: 1. 答案为 C。 本题考查理解文章的基本内容。 (2011 为:细节内容。 ) 2. 答案为 D。 本题考查理解文章的基本内容。 (2011 为:细节内容。 ) 3. 答案为 A。 本题考查归纳文章的主旨大意。 Section C Directions: Read the following text and choose the most suitable heading from A-F for each paragraph. There is one extra heading which you do not need. A. Maintain a Balanced Diet. B. Keep a Healthy Self-image. C. Difficulty in Curing Eating Disorders D. Best Prevention of Eating Disorders E. What Factors Bring about an Eating Disorder? F. How Does One Develop an Eating Disorder?

1. The causes of eating disorders are not clear. There may be genetic or biochemical factors in some cases. There may be psychological problems from early childhood or the present (such as school or family conflicts) that trigger the problem. Often, there is the double pressure to enjoy life through food and yet remain ultra-slim. Society all around us encourages eating and drinking as main ways to enjoy life. To be popular, you are supposed to eat, eat, eat. 2. But in real life most people, if they keep consuming like that, just keep pulling on more and more weight They then find themselves in conflict with another dominant pressure in society — to stay slim and trim. Models in ads, even those shown eating fairy foods, are usually physically lit and quite thin. All of these pressures put teens in a terrible situation. The "solution" that some teens choose is to deny themselves all the time so as to keep temptation away. Bui soon, hunger and food boredom lead to overeating. Over time they develop anorexia or bulimia. 3. Once an eating disorder has become firmly established, there is no easy cure. Someone who's never suffered anorexia and never known an anorexic might be tempted to think. "It's simple — just tell them to eat more!" Unfortunately, it's not that simple. Even when anorexics have been brought into the hospital and arc receiving physical care, nutritional therapy, and psychiatric care, many don't improve much.

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4. Our society's obsession with thinness, together with a constant emphasis on the theme that rich food means pleasure, puts many teens in a difficult situation. Being drawn to overeating on the one hand and self-denial on the other can bring about anorexia or bulimia — or both. Anorexics seem to feel that no matter how much weight they lose, they are still too fat Therefore, it is important for each person in our society to try to maintain a healthy and realistic self-image. Don't compare yourself with the models and actors in the media Set your sights more realistically by comparing yourself with family and friends, if anyone. 5. Self-denial is the typical first step toward an caring disorder. Eventually, desires for what you've denied yourself become unbearable, and you react with either a binge or overly fierce self-control. The answer is not of course, to eat all the snacks and treats you fancy. But 10 avoid that first step that leads to overeating, strive for a good and healthy diet Such a diet is based primarily on grain products, fruits, and vegetables, with moderate amounts of meat and dairy products and with small amounts of snacks and desserts. Research demonstrates that this kind of diet leaves you more alert and energetic. 参考答案:1. E 2. F 3. C 4. B 5. A 本大题考查通过快速阅读归纳段落的主旨大意。 Section D Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Sociologists have long recognised that organisations of less than 200 individuals can operate through the free flow of information among the members. Once their size goes beyond this figure, the organisations are getting less flexible. So it seems necessary to prevent total disorder resulting from failures of communication. One solution to this problem would, of course, be to structure large organisations into smaller units of a size that can act as a group. By allowing these groups to build reliance on each other, larger organisations can be built up. However, merely having groups of, say, 150 will never of itself be a complete solution to the problems of the organisation. Something else is needed: the people involved must be able to build direct personal relationships. To allow free flow of information, they have to be able to communicate with each other in a casual way. Maintaining too formal a structure of relationships inevitably prevents the way a system works. The importance of this was drawn to my attention two years ago by the case of a TV station. Whether by chance or by design, it so happened that there were almost exactly 150 people in the station. The whole process worworked very smoothly as an organisation for many years until they were moved into purpose-built accommodation. Then, for no apparent reason, the work seemed to be more difficult to do, not to say less satisfying. It was some time before they worked out what the problem was. It turned out that, when the architects were designing the new building, they decided that the coffee room where everyone ate their sandwiches at lunch times was an unnecessary luxury and so did away with it. And with that, they accidentally destroyed the close social networks that strengthened the whole organisation. What had apparently been happening was that, as people gathered informally over their
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sandwiches in the coffee room, useful information was casually being exchanged. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN EIGHT WORDS.) 1. What size of an organisation may lead to communication failures? 2. What are the two solutions to the communication problem within a large organisation? 3. After the TV station moved into new accommodation, its operation . 4. From the case of the TV station, we can conclude it is that make(s) an organisation more successful. 参考答案: 1. An organisation of more than 200 individuals. 本题考查目标位能理解文章的基本内容。 2. Smaller organizations and direct personal relationships. 本题考查目标位能理解文章的基本内容。 3. seemed to be more difficult / less satisfying. 本题考查目标位能理解文章的基本内容。 4. casual communication / close social networks / free flow of information 本题考查目标为能归纳文章的主旨大意。 2011 年为: 1. complaints about frequent rate increases 本题考查理解文章的细节内容。 2. By using 2-or-3-cent stamps. 本题考查理解文章的细节内容。 3. It will keep its (first-class) mailing value forever. 本题考查推测文章中的隐含意思。 4. be even used by your great-grandchildren 本题考查根据上下文正确理解词语和句子。

第Ⅱ卷
I. Translation Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the word or phrase given in the brackets. 1.我希望尽快收到你的照片。(hope) 2.不在房间的时候别让灯开着。(when) 3.这款手机式样新颖、携带方便,深受年轻人的欢迎。 (popular) 参考答案: 1. I hope (that) I can/will receive your photo (s) as soon as possible. 本题考查动词搭配。 2. Don't leave the light on when you are not in the room. 本题考查句子结构。 3. The mobile phone is fashionable/modern in style and convenient to carry, so it is very popular with youngsters/young people/the young. 本题考查句子结构和活用。

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II. Guided Writing (A) Directions: Write an English composition in 120 - 150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 某海外学校举办英语夏令营,开设了如下课程:园艺(gardening) 、烹饪(cooking) 、 防身术(self-defence) 、护理(nursing) 。假如你是王跃华(不可以用自己的真实姓名) ,写 一封申请信,报名参加其中一门课程的学习。信的内容必须包括: ? 你感兴趣的课程 ? 你期望从这门课程中学到什么 ? 为什么想学这些内容 参考答案: Dear Sir / Madam, It is said that a summer camp is to be held by your school and a few courses are available to choose from. I am interested in gardening, for I believe it features my character and gives me much pleasure. So I apply to take the course of gardening. During the learning period, I expect to gain some useful knowledge. I'd like to know how to tell different species of plants and flowers apart. A little knowledge concerning the proper cutting time and the reasonable planting positions is also something I want to learn. The main reason why I choose to learn these things in gardening is that I want to help my parents with their work in the domestic garden. Besides, by attending the course, I will have a meaningful summer vacation, which may add a brilliant touch to my life. Your s sincerely, Wa ng Yuehua (B) Directions: Write an English composition in 120—150 words according to the chart and instructions given below in Chinese. 根据所给图表,简要简述某城市近年每百人手机(mobile phone)用户增长情况,并试分析其 增长原因。

参考答案: People use mobile phones everywhere in the street, in a shop and in the underground. As is in the chart, back in 1995, only one out of 100 people had a mobile phone, while in 2001, it is fifty. It's almost 50 times that of 5 years ago. It is still developing at a surprising speed. The mobile phone provides us with a lot of conveniences. It can be carried wherever we go,
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as it is so small in size and light in weight. Furthermore, with its price decreased, many people can afford it now. Above all, it has various functions. Apart from making calls, we can send or receive messages, use it as an alarm clock and look up words in it. With so many advantages, more people will use mobile phones. (C) Directions: Write an English composition in 120–150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 下图是小学新生的课堂一脚,对照你当时的上课情况,作出比较并谈谈你的感受。你的作文 必须包括: ●描述图片里学生上课的场景 ●比较你同时期的上课情况 ●简单谈谈你的感受

参考答案: Look, the classroom is neat and clean. The kids are smiling, looking bright and cute. They are elementary school pupils, who are having a class with their teacher walking around. Everyone is raising their hands, eager to answer the teacher's questions. How lively the classroom is! I still have a good memory of my elementary school days. We sang songs and played games in class. However, instead of answering the teacher's questions actively, we were nervous, afraid of making mistakes. Very often, we sat straight and looked at the teacher direct with our hands held behind. Obviously, the classroom lacked liveliness. I think pupils, especially little kids, are all curious and eager to learn. Not only are they looking forward to learning actively and independently, but also they want to learn in a relaxing and merry environment, thus the elementary schools days will stay in their minds as a beautiful memory. 本大题考查目标为能根据题意正确、连贯、贴切地进行书面表达。 (2011 年没有此句)

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