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2012届高考英语语法考前复习课件-代词数词


二、代词、数词

1.(2009· 全国Ⅱ,7)Charles was alone at
home,with A.someone C.not one 解析 D looking after him.? B.anyone D.no one?

句意为:查理一个人在家,没有人照顾他。

由句中的关键词alone可知应

选no one,指?一个
人也没有?。

2.(2009· 上海,26)—Wow!You’ve got so

many
D clothes. —But now.? A.all B.both of them are in fashion

C.neither
解析

D.none?

由答语中的but可知上下句为转折关系,

句意为:——哇,你有这么多的衣服。——但现

在没有一件是时尚的。因此可排除A、B两项,而
C项是表示两者之间?没有一个?,故应排除。

3.(2009· 四川,3)I like this house with a beautiful garden in front,but I don’t have enough money to buy A.one C.this B B.it D.that? .?

解析

代替前面提到的事物用it;one泛指一类中

的任何一个。此时it代替前面的this house。

4. (2009· 北京,35)Being a parent is not always easy,and being the parent of a child with special needs often carries with

A A.it
C.one

extra stress.?

B.them
D.him?

解析

it在句中代指being the parent of a

child with special needs。

5.(2009· 重庆,22)Over the past 20 years,the Internet has helped change our world in B way or another for the better.?

A.any
C.every 解析

B.one
D.either? 句意为:在过去的20多年里,因特网已经

帮助我们在一方面或另一方面改变得更好。any任
何;every每一;either两者之中任一个(仅限于 两者之间)。

6.(2009· 宁夏海南,33)One of the most

important questions they had to consider
was A.what C.that 解析 C of public health.? B.this D.which? 句意为:他们必须考虑的最重要的问题之

一是大众健康。句中缺少表语,that为代词,指
代上文one of the most important questions, 符合题意;而this作代词时指代下文。

7. (2009· 山东,23) I felt so bad all day yesterday that I decided this morning I couldn’t face

B A.other

day like that.?

B.another
D.others

C.the other

?解析 another day另外一天。句意为:昨天一天

我感觉如此糟糕以致于今天早上我下定决心再也
不能那样面对另外一天了。

8.(2009· 江苏,35) Nine in ten parents said there were significant differences in their approach to educating their children compared with ? D C.both

of their parents.?
B.one D.that?

A.those

解析

从选项上可以看出此题考查的是代词的用

法。做题时可以先在空格处填上名词,然后再找 出相应的代词。根据句意空格处应该填the approach,所以应该用that指代。

9. (2009· 陕西,10)Jane was asked a lot of
questions,but she didn’t answer B them.? of

A.other
C.none 解析

B.any
D.some?

句意为:简被问了很多问题,但这些问题

简一个也没有回答。此处any用于否定句,意为 ?任何一个?。

10.(2009· 全国Ⅱ,12) The CDs are on sale!Buy one and you get A.other C.one 解析 C completely free.? B.others D.ones? 句意为:这些CD在廉价出售,买一赠一。

用one代替a CD。

11.(2008· 湖南,21)Our neighbors gave a baby bird yesterday that hurt it fell from its nest.? A.us;it B.us;itself? when

C.ourselves;itself
答案 解析 B?

D.ourselves;it?

句意为:昨天我们的邻居给了我们一只

雏鸟,这只雏鸟从窝里摔下来时受了伤。第一 空给?我们?,应用us;第二空?鸟伤到了自

己?,故用反身代词itself。

12. (2008· 江西,23)Isn’t it amazing how the

human body heals
? A.himself

C B.him

after an injury?

C.itself
解析

D.it?

此处用itself指代人体自身。

13.(2008· 辽宁,26)—Could you tell me how to get to Victoria Street? — Victoria Street? C is where the Grand Theatre is. ?

A.Such
C.That ? 解析

B.There
D.This

句意为:——你能告诉我怎么去维多利亚

大街吗?——维多利亚大街?那是Grand Theatre所在的地方。用that替代上文的

Victoria Street。

14.(2009· 江西,24)According to statistics,a man is more than twice as likely to die of skin cancer A.than D a woman.? B.such

C.so
? 解析

D.as
阅读题干可知此题考查倍数句式的同级

比较句型,其构成应为:倍数词+as+形容词/副

词原级+as+另一比较对象,所以此空应该填as。

15.(2008· 山东,27)Make sure you’ve got the passports and tickets and leave.? A.something C.everything B.anything? D.nothing? C before you

解析

句意为:在你离开之前,确保你带好护照、

票以及所有的一切。something指某件东西; anything任何一件东西,强调个体;everything 强调整体,由句意可知C项正确。

代词?

1. all,both,each等不定代词的基本用法
作主语时谓 语动词的数

所表示的内容

搭配

都(三者或三者 以上的人或物)

all the apples,all the students

复数

都不(三者或 none of 三者以上的人 the 或物) students

单复数均可

none
都不(代替不 none of his 可数名词) money

单数

每个(三者或 不能与of连 三者以上) 用 every

单数

都(人或物 两者都) both

both of them,both of the books

复数

都不(两者 ) neither

单复数均 neither of the answers 可

either

任何(两者 中的任何一 个)

either of the books

单数

2. other,the other和another

(1)other泛指“另外的”,作定语,常用来修
饰可数名词的复数或不可数名词。? (2)other的复数形式为others,泛指“别的人

或物”。
(3)the other指“两者中另一个”,常与one 连用。作定语修饰复数名词时,表示另一方“全部、

其他的”。
(4)the others是the other的复数形式,特指 “全部其余的人或物”。? (5)another任何一个、再一个、另一个,作代 词或形容词。??

3. 替代词one,it和that (1)one代替可数名词,泛指“任何一个”,常 用来代替上文中的“a/any+名词”,特指时前加the, 但前面不加不定冠词。one前可以有形容词修饰,这

时它需带冠词或受形容词性的物主代词修饰。另外,
one还可用this,that,any,some,each,the next,every,which等修饰。that代替前面提到的可数 或不可数名词,复数为 those,表示特指,以避免 重复。?

(2)it的用法? ①用作人称代词,指代前文提到过的事物。? ②用来代替指示代词this或that。

③起指示代词的作用,指一个人或事物。?
④指时间、距离、天气、环境等。? ⑤指代整个句子的内容。?

⑥作形式主语。当动词不定式、动名词或从句作
主语时,通常把它放在谓语之后,而用it作句子的形 式主语。?

⑦作形式宾语。当复合宾语中的宾语是不定式、 动名词、宾语从句时,往往把宾语放在它的补足语后 面,而用it作形式宾语,放在宾语补足语之前。?

⑧用于强调句型。?
⑨用于以下句型It is+一段时间+since从句; It is/will be+一段时间+before从句。? ⑩用于某些习语中作宾语,对这些习惯只能从整体 上理解。

I took it for granted that she would come on time.?
我理所当然地认为她会按时到来。

数词?

1.数词的分类
基数词:one,two,thirteen,fifty,one hundred, ? two thousand,ten million? 序数词:first,second,fourth,ninth,twelfth,? fortieth,ninetieth?

数词

分数:one third,two-thirds,two-fifths,a
half,? three quarters?

百分数:ten percent,forty percent?
倍数:twice,double,three times?

修饰可数名词:quite a few,many,a great/good many,a(large/great)number of,scores of,dozens of,many a+单数可数 名词? 数 量 词

修饰不可数名词:quite a little,much,a
great/good? deal of,a large/great amount of? 既修饰可数名词又修饰不可数名词: some,a lot of,

lots of,plenty of,a large quantity
of,(large)quantities of

2. “数词+普通名词+形容词”构成的合成形容 词

中,数词和普通名词都要用单数形式。?
a three-year-old boy walk? a two mile-long

3. 基数词中表示“几十”的复数形式可以表达
人的岁数或年代。 He is in his late twenties.他快30了。? The old lady died in her early seventies beside a church in New York.?

那位老太太70来岁时就死在了纽约的一个教堂
附近。?

4. 倍数的表达方式? (1)倍数+形容词(或副词)的比较级+than? This rope is twice longer than that one.? 这根绳的长度是那根绳的三倍。(比那根绳长 二倍) This hall is five times bigger than our classroom.?

这个大厅比我们的教室大五倍。(是我们教室
的六倍)?

(2)倍数+as+形容词(或much)或副词+as... ? This big stone is three times as heavy as that one.? 这块大石头的重量是那一块的三倍。(这块石头

比那块重二倍)?
The plane flew ten times as high as the kite. ? 那架飞机飞行的高度是那个风筝的十倍。(高出

九倍)?

(3)倍数+the size(length,height...)of...? This street is four times the length of that

street.?
这条街是那条街的四倍长。? This hill is four times the height of that small one.? 这座山的高度是那座小山的四倍。(比那座小

山高三倍)?
也可用:The height of this hill is four times that of that small one.

it,one,that,those,ones等的用法区别 (2008· 全国Ⅰ,33) The English spoken in the

United States is only slightly different from
spoken in England.?

A.Which
C.That

B.what
D.the one

本题是对英语中指示代词that用法的考查。 which和what常用来引导句子,而本题题干中的 横线后没有谓语动词,故排除选项A和B;选项D 中的the one相当于“the+可数名词单数”结构, 而本题中的English为不可数名词,故选项D 也 被排除,所以选项C为本题的正确答案。本题中

的that指代the English。

【解题探究】 C。it,one,ones,the one

(s),that,those,等都可以用作代词,但它们所指代的
情况不同。? (1)it通常用来指代上文提到过的那个事物,表示

特指概念,即指代同一物。?
(2)one表示泛指概念,替代可数名词单数。其复 数形式ones也表示泛指概念,用来替代可数名词的

复数形式。the one(s)的指代关系同one(s),但
它表示特指概念。? (3)that既可以用来指代不可数名词,又可以用来 指代可数名词单数形式,表示特指概念,相当于 “the+名词”结构。?

(4)those用来指代可数名词复数形式,表示特指 概念,相当于“the+可数名词复数”结构。它是 that(指代可数名词单数时)的复数形式。? (5)当that或those在句中指代事物时,它们的后

面通常使用一些后置定语。?
The information on the Internet gets around much more rapidly than that in the newspaper.(that指代不可数名词the information) 从因特网上获取信息要比从报纸上获取信息快得多。

?

it用作形式主语和形式宾语时的易失分点 felt funny watching myself on TV.? A.One B.This C.It D.That

考生有可能误选A项,认为one在这里充当句 子的主语,表示人。本题是对英语中it作形式主

语的考查。在英语中,为了避免句子“头重脚轻”,
通常用it来充当形式主语,而真正的主语位于句 尾部分。本题中的“ watching myself on TV 正的主语,故选项C为本题的正确答案。 ”为真

【解题探究】 C。在英语中,为使句子保持平衡, 通常采用it作形式主语的办法来避免句子出现“头重 脚轻”的现象,it通常可以用来代替动词不定式,动

名词短语或从句。?
It is important to learn English well.(it指代to

learn English well)学好英语很重要。?
It is no use crying over spilt milk.(it指代crying...) 牛奶洒了,哭也无用(覆水难收)。

It is our belief that improvements in health care

will lead to a stronger,more prosperous
economy.(it指代that...从句)? 我们相信,卫生保健方面的提高会形成更加强劲的、 更加繁荣的经济。 the other(s),other(s),another,the rest 等的用法区别 The manager believes prices will not rise by more than four percent.?

A.any other
C.Another

B.the other
D.other

根据句意“经理认为价格的上涨不会再超过4%”

可知,another为本题的正确答案。在英语中,
“another+基数词+名词”结构相当于“基数词+more +名词”结构,意为“再/又……”。选项A意为“任何 其他的……”,选项B意为“(特指)其他的 ……”或“两者中的另一个”,选项D意为?“其他

的”,用在本题中均不合适。

【解题探究】 C。在英语中,other(s),the other(s),another是常用的代词,它们的用法如下: (1)other意为“其他的”,其后要接可数名词复 数形式,表示泛指的概念。?

(2)others意为“其他的人或物”,其后不可以接
名词,因为它相当于“other+可数名词复数”结构, 也表示泛指的概念。? (3)the other有两种常见用法:①the other意为 “其他的”,其后要接可数名词复数形式,表示特

指的概念;②the other意为“两者中的另一个”,
常用于“one...the other...”结构。?

(4)the others意为“其他的人或物”,其后不可 以接名词,因为它相当于“the other+可数名词复 数”,表示特指的概念。? (5)another意为“又/再……”,常用于 “another+基数词+名词”结构。该结构相当于“基 数词+more+名词”。? either,both,neither,all,none等的用法误区 (2008· 全国Ⅰ,30)—Which of the two computer games did you prefer? —Actually I didn’t like . A.both of them B.either of them? C.none of them D.neither of them

做此类题时应采用这样一种方法:先断范围, 再断肯否。这里的“范围”指的是两者还是三者或

三者以上。由题干中的two可知,本题的讨论范围
为两者,故选项C可以被排除。分析题意可知, either用在这里较为合适,not...either在含义上相当 于neither,表示“两者都不”;both与否定词not等连 用时,表示部分否定概念,用在这里不合适,故

B项为本题的正确答案。

【解题探究】 B。either,both,neither,all,none,any
的常见用法如下:? either→肯定含义→作主语时谓语动词用单数 两者 ? both→肯定含义→作主语时谓语动词用复数 neither→否定含义→作主语时谓语动词用单

复数均可

all→肯定含义→作主语 三 者 或 三 者 以 上
指人时谓?语动词用复数,指物时谓语 动词用单数 none→否定含义→作主语时谓语动词用? 单复数均可,常与of短语连用any→肯定含 义→作主语时谓语动词用?单复数均可, 常与of短语连用

else用法的误区 I don’t think we’ve met before.You are taking

me for
A.some other

.?
B.someone else? D.one other

C.other person

本题是对else用法的考查。else既可以用作
形容词,也可以用作副词,意为“其他的/地”, 通常要位于疑问代词、疑问副词和不定代词的后 边。someone else意为“别人”,用在这里正合适。

【解题探究】 B。考生还应知道who else的所有格
形式为who else’s或whose else。? Whose else/Who else’s can it be?那可能会是谁 的呢? 单项填空结构型? 单项填空结构型试题就是考查考生对英语句子 结构的把握情况。结构型试题重点考查考生对强 调句型、it句型、倒装句型、省略句型、插入语及 特殊句式的运用能力。所以在解题的过程中,考

生要学会识别干扰因素,认真分析句子的成分,理清
句子结构,保持清醒头脑,提高抗干扰的能力,从而 提高解题的准确率。

替代?
所谓替代,是用其他词代替句子中重复或相同的 部分。如用it,one,that替代句子中重复出现的名词或 代词;so,not替代前面提到的内容;在两个分句中, 当两者(人或物)情况相同时,用so,neither,nor连 接第二个分句,表示前面的情况也适用于后者;用不 定式符号to替代前面提到的不定式;用do,did,does来 代替前面出现的动词形式等。?

—You haven’t lost the ticket,have you??
— A .I know it’s not easy to get another

one at the moment.
A.I hope not C.I hope so B.Yes,I have? D.Yes,I’m afraid so

解析 考查交际用语中的替代。?I hope not.?是 ?I hope I haven’t lost the ticket.?的替代 说法。

省略句型? 英语中,某些句子为避免重复常使用省略结构。 ? 在时间、条件、让步、原因等状语从句中,如果 从句的主语和主句的主语相同或者从句中的主语是it, 从句中谓语动词又含有be的某种形式时,可以省略 从句中的主语和be动词。这种省略结构使句子简练、 流畅,也不影响句意表达。比较状语从句的省略更 为复杂一些。在比较状语从句中,为了避免重复, 常在as或than引导的分句中省略某些与主句相同的 成分,有时甚至省略整个as或than从句,从而把相 比的部分突出出来。省略类试题常常采用“补全 法”。即:有些题目的题干被挖去了一些成分,如 果考生补上所缺的部分,就能识破命题者所设的 “陷阱”,从而找到答题的突破口。?

(2008· 安徽,32)—Have you got any particular plans for the coming holiday? —Yes. D ,I’m going to visit some homes for the old in the city. ?

A.If ever
C.If anything 解析

B.If busy
D.If possible

句意为:——对于即将到来的假期你有什么

特别的计划吗?——有。如果可能的话,我打算拜访 一下城市里的一些敬老院。A项?如果曾经有的话?;

B
项?如果忙的话?;C项不是固定结构;D项?如果可 能

插入语 插入语是对一句话进行补充、解释或意义延伸

的单词、短语或句子,是与全句没有直接语法关系
的独立成分。主要表示说话人对句中所陈述内容的 态度、语气或附加说明。它在句中的位置比较灵活,

句中、句首、句末都可以,常用逗号隔开。高考单
项填空题中插入语的运用增加了试题的灵活性、迷 惑性和结构的复杂性,对考生分析句子结构的能力 提出了较高的要求。解答这类题时通常用化简法, 考生只要去掉冗余信息(插入语、同位语等),句

子结构就一目了然了。?

Personally I think it is the sales manager,rather than the sales girls, A.Is B to blame.?

B.that is

C.Are
解析

D.who are?
rather than the sales girls形成了一定的

干扰性。去掉rather than the sales girls就可以
看出这实际上是一个强调句式,被强调的部分是the sales manager,根据主谓一致原则,选B。

强调句型?
强调句型的句式结构为:“It is/was+被强调部 分+that/who+其他”。在强调时间、地点、原因或 方式状语时,一律用that,而不用when,where,的 why或how;在强调主语和宾语时,如果主语或宾

语指代人,则可用who来代替that,但是从句中的人
称和数要与被强调的主语或宾语保持一致。解答这 类题时通常用还原法。即:有些题是以疑问句、被 动句、感叹句、倒装句等变式句形式出现,做题时 应将其还原,变为正常语序或主动语态。

It

we had stayed together for a couple of

weeks

I found we had a lot in common.?
B.was until;that? D.wasn’t until;that

A.was until;when C.wasn’t until;when 答案 解析 D

本题考查强调句。强调句的基本结构为:It

is/was+被强调部分+that从句。句意:?我们在一
起呆了几个星期后我才发现我们有许多共同之 处。?not...until...直到……才……。

1. (2009· 金丽衢十二校二次联考)Lei Feng is a
hero, D ,I think,that will be remembered by Chinese forever.?

A.who
C.which ? 解析

B.it
D.one 考查代词的用法。one此处为同位语,与

前面的a hero构成同位关系,同时作后面定语从 句的先行词。

2. (2009· 安徽示范性名校联考(二))I don’t like

C
of the three books.Only one in

particular has attracted my attention.?
A.either B.both

C.all

D.any

? 解析 考查代词辨析。从语意可知只有一本书吸 引了?我?,因此选C。用not all表示部分否 定: 这三本书我并非都喜欢。

3.(2009· 安徽皖南八校联考(三))—The garden has four gates in different directions,so you may enter it and relax through D

of them in the daytime.
—Very convenient.? A.none C.all 解析 B.either D.any 三者或三者以上中的任何一个用any表示。

4.(2009· 龙岩市质量检查)—Did you reach the

top of the mountain?
—Yes.Even I myself didn’t believe I could make A.that C.one ? 解析

B

.? B.it D.any

考查固定短语。make it是固定词组,表示

?成功做到某事?。

5.(2009· 福建质量检查)—Could you please buy me an MP4 as well as a digital camera,Mum? —You can choose

C

,not both,my dear.?

A.each
C.either

B.any
D.none

? 解析

考查代词的用法。语境为:你可以任选其

一,但不是两个。either(两者中的)一个。

6.(2009· 山东名校联考优化卷(九))Human facial expressions differ from D of animals in the degree to which they can be controlled

on purpose.?
A.it C.that B.one D.those

? 解析 考查代词的用法。因为前面有复数名词
facial expressions,所以后面应该用those代替 前面的facial expressions,故选D项。

7.(2009· 山东名校联考优化卷(七))Some of

these problems,similar to
weightlessness.? A.it C.one B.them D.those

D

of living in

outer space,are pressure,lack of oxygen and

? 解析

考查代词。空格后有of短语作定语,而且

代指的是复数名词problems,所以用those。

8.(2009· 山东名校联考优化卷(二))Jinan City will hold the 11th National Games.We are facing A good opportunity, that will lead to our prosperity.?

A.a;one
C.the;one ? 解析

B.a;the one
D.the;the one

考查冠词、代词的用法。a good

opportunity一个好的机遇,这里用a表泛指, 后面用one作同位语。

9.(2009· 山东名校联考优化卷(一))There were
many students and teachers at the party yesterday.I tried to look for two seats to sit down with my friend,Tim,but there were C .? A.neither B.nothing

C.none

D.no one

? 解析 题意强调在所有的座位当中寻找,结果一个 座位也没有找到,故只能用none,而不能选neither。 none意为?没有一个?,用于三个或更多的人或物 中;neither指两个人或事物,意为?两者都不?。

10.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(九))Some American women think it is men’s business

A to spend it.?
B.their

to earn money and
A.theirs

C.them

D.they

? 解析 名词性物主代词作表语,相当于 their(women’s) business。

11.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(八))

Beer?There’s A
some lemonade.? A.none C.nothing ? 解析

left.You can have
B.no one D.no

考查不定代词。根据语境?啤酒?一点也

没剩下?可知,答话人回答的是数量,所以用 none,意为?没有一点,毫无?,故A项正确。no one只能指人,不指物;nothing意为?没有什

么,没有一件东西?,用来回答what提出的问
句;no意为?不,没有?,一般用于否定的回答。

12.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(六))If you
need a programmer in your company,there is D better than Charlie,who won the B.someone first prize in the national competition.? A.anyone

C.nothing


D.none

? 解析 考查代词。none相当于?no+前述名词?, 这里相当于no programmer。句意为:如果你们 公司需要程序员,没有人比Charlie更合适的 了,他在全国大赛上赢得了第一名。

13.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(三))—Have

you got accustomed to the weather here,
Jane. —Yes.But I don’t like ? A.those C.this ? 解析 B.that D.it 句意为:——简,你习惯这里的天气了 D when it is wet.

吗?——是的,但是我不喜欢雨季。本题中it是

形式宾语,主要用于enjoy,like,hate等后,代替
其后的从句,it只起先行引导作用,本身无词义。

14.(2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(二))— Have you got your MP4 by mail or from a shop? — C . I always like shopping online.? B.Either D.Both

A.None C.Neither

? 解析 考查代词。从后面的回答可知,此处表示

对两者的全部否定。

15. (2009· 山东命题专家原创卷(一))Mr.Green asked me to borrow a book for him, B about how to be a good volunteer.?

A.it
C.ones ? 解析

B.one
D.which 考查代词。one在这里作同位语,解释

说明a book;it指代上文提到的同一个事物;
which应引导定语从句;ones代替前面提到的复 数名词。故选B项。

16.(2008· 烟台高三模块检测)Because Henry and Mark had to work, yesterday.? A.both B.none C of them came

C.neither
? 解析

D.either

考查代词的用法。句意为:因为Henry和

Mark要工作,所以昨天两人都没来。?两者都 不……?用neither;?两者都……?用 both;?三者

(以上)都不……?用none;?两者之一……?


17.(2008· 山东命题专家原创卷(一))—Does A —Sure!? please you to give gifts to others?

A.it
C.one ? 解析

B.that
D.he 考查it作形式主语的用法。句意为:

——送礼物给别人让你高兴吗?——当然!这
里it 是形式主语,真正的主语是to give gifts to others。

18.(2008· 济南二次统考)We’ve been looking

for
cheap houses but haven’t found we like yet.? A.one B.other

A

C.it
?

D.that

解析 考查代词的用法。此处表示泛指,代替 单数可数名词,故用one。it用来代指上文提到 的同一个事物。句意为:我们一直在找便宜的 房子,但是还没找到一所我们喜欢的。

19.(2008· 山东名校联考优化卷(二))— How many presidents are there before Abraham Lincoln? — Fifteen,so he was A .? A.the sixteenth president? B.the sixteen president?

C.president sixteen?
D.president the sixteen? 解析 本题考查序数词的表达方法。由题意知,

在林肯前面有15位总统,所以他是美国的第16位
总统。A项为正确表达方法,若选D项则应表示为 president the sixteenth。

20.(2008· 山东名校联考优化卷(四))The weight of the moon is only about D of the earth.

? A.one eight
C.one eighties 解析

B.one eighth?
D.one eightieth?

分数的表达法是:分子为基数词,分母为

序数词,当分子大于1时分母要用复数。由常识 知,月球的重量大约是地球重量的八十分之一,

故答案选D项。

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.(2009· 南京调研)In A.the thirties C.his thirty ? 解析 one’s+ B ,he went to

America and settled there.?
B.his thirties? D.the thirtieth

表示?在某人几十多岁?时,用in

整十的复数形式,不可用冠词the替换one’s。

2.(2009· 江苏锡山模拟)I would appreciate C

,

to be frank,if the goods could be delivered as

soon as possible.?
A.you C.it ? 解析 B.this D.myself 句意为:坦白地说,如果这些货物能尽快

发送的话,我将不胜感激。表示喜欢、憎恨等心 理方面的动词,如love,like,appreciate,hate 等,后加it作形式宾语,再加if/wh?从句作真 正的宾语。

3. (2009· 山东胜利油田一中模拟)—Which of
these dictionaries do you like most? — A .They are both expensive and of little use.? A.None B.Neither?

C.Nothing

D.No one?

4.(2009· 山东潍坊模拟)He is a good leader who

always thinks more of the public than of
himself, A.which C.the one ? B we should follow the B.one D.whoever example of.?

5.(2009· 山东省实验中学模拟)

A

seems to

be a strong competition in China for senior high students to enter college or university.

? A.It
C.What

B.Which
D.That

6.(2009· 江苏重点中学模拟)You must keep

in mind

A

you are a student in this

school,so you should observe school rules.

? A.it;that
B.such;as? C.everything;which D.something;because ?

7.(2009· 济南模拟)I invited Joe and Linda as well as Tom to dinner,but came.? A.neither B.none B of them

?C.either
? 解析

D.both

neither两者都不;none没有人,指三者

或三者以上;either两者中任何一个;both两者

都。根据句意选B。

8.(2009· 福建高中毕业班质检)I did the crossword just in half an hour—there was C to it.? B.anything? D.something

A.everything C.nothing ?

9. (2009· 浙江五校联考)It showed me that the way of education in Canada is quite different from A.one

C

in China.? B.it

C.that
? 解析

D.those
that代替上文中的the way of

education,避免重复。one虽然也可以代替一个 单数可数名词;但表示泛指意义,此处?中国的 教育方法?显然是特指;those指代上文中的复


可数名词;it代替上文提到的同一事物。

10.(2009· 太原五中模拟) that county A.Two third;are C.Two third;is 答案 ? 解析 B

of the land in

covered with green B.Two-thirds;is? D.Two-thirds;are

plants and beautiful flowers.?

英语中的分数由基数词和序数词构成,

基数词作分子,序数词作分母,当分子大于1时 分母要用复数;分数+名词作主语时谓语动词的 单复数由名词的数来决定。

11.(2009· 江西临川模拟) Never ever should we forget about the war in Iraq and the sufferings ? A.it C.that A caused to the people there. B.which D.what

? 解析

句意为:我们永远都不应忘记发生在伊拉

克的战争以及这场战争带给当地人们的灾难。It 此处用来指代the war。在sufferings后省略了关 系代词that/which。

12. (2009· 河南示范性高中联考) Chinese parents think less of money when educating their children.? A.one ? 解析 B.he C.that D.it D comes to

考查常用句型。when it comes to...表

示?当提及……,当说到……?。

13.(2009· 湖北襄樊模拟)No bread eaten by man is
so sweet as B earned by his own labour.

? A.one
C.such ? 解析

B.that
D.what

在表达比较的句子中,用来代替上文提到

的同类但不同等的单数名词时,应使用that。本 句中that用来代替上文中的名词bread。

14.(2009· 湖北黄冈模拟)Medical care in the countryside cannot compare with cities. B big

? A.one of
C./

B.that of
D.the one of

? 解析

句意为:农村的医疗保健不能和大城市的

相比。that表特指,指代不可数名词,表已提到 过或已知的人或事物。

15.(2009· 友谊中学月考试题)Little Anna’s parents walked slowly,one after search for her lost bag.? D , through the shallow water of a stream to

A.another
C.others ? 解析 用

B.other
D.the other

本题考查代词辨析。Anna的父母亲是两

个人,表示?(两个人中的)一个接一个?时
?one after the other?。

16.(2009· 黄冈中学9月模拟)—Sorry,but the CDs of Secret Garden have been sold out. —How I wish I had bought ? A.those C.one ? 解析 B.that D.them 根据句意可知空白处的词用来代替a CD,

C

earlier!

所以用one。

17.(2009· 济南统一考试) C person with a little common sense should be able to avoid making such a mistake.? A.Either C.Any B.Each D.One

?

解析

any用于肯定句中,表示?任何一个?。

18.(2009· 泰安高考模拟)—Mum,have you seen
my mobile phone? — I haven’t seen . you bought last week?I’m afraid

A.The one;it

B.The one;one?

C.One;it D.One;one ? 答案 A? 解析 第一空是特指上文提到的移动电话,因此 使用the one,第二空也是代指上文提到的那个 电话,当第二次出现代指上文提到的相同的某

东西时,一般用it代替。

19.(2009· 太原五中模拟)He got a gold medal in the and was given a holiday.? A.100-metre race;3-day B.100-metres race;3 days?

C.100 metres’ race;3-day
D.100-metres-race;3 days’? 答案 解析 A? 在与基数词合成的定语中,名词用单数不

用复数,也不用所有格形式。

20.(2009· 河南五市模拟) She doesn’t know anyone here.She has got ? A.anyone C.everyone ?解析

D

to talk to.

B.someone D.no one

根据题干中前一句话意思可知,后句话应

选否定的意思。

21.(2008· 浙江温州模拟) I appreciate

D

in the

spring when all plants turn green.? A.one C.this ? 解析 B.that D.it like,hate,appreciate后常用it作形式宾

语,而把真正的宾语放在句末。

22.(2008· 兰州高三诊断考试)I prefer a pen

made in Shanghai to
Shenzhen.? A.it C.one ? 解析

C

made in

B.that D.this 此处one代指a pen,表示类指。

23.(2008· 友谊中学11月月考)In the ceremony,our headmaster required B students to improve our

competitive awareness in modern society. ? A.we C.our B.us D.ours

?

解析

us作require的宾语,同时students是

us的同位语。

24.(2008· 四川成都模拟) — Excuse me,I want to have my watch fixed,but I can’t find a repair

shop.
—I know

A nearby.Come on,I’ll show

you the way. ?

A.one
C.it 解析 即

B.this
D.that 根据句意所填词表示?同类而不同物?,

同类中的一个,应用one,选A。it,this,that都

指代同一物。

25.(2008· 汕头模拟)

B

makes sense that

each of us does his best to devote himself

to helping the disabled.?
A.What C.As that ? 解析 B.It D.Which

根据题意可知,本句话真正的主语应该

是that引导的从句,为了避免句子头重脚轻所

以用it作形式主语,代替that从句。

Ⅱ.阅读理解 A (2009· 济南联考A) Forest guards in western India are using

cellphones with ringtones of cows mooing,goats
bleating and roosters crowing to attract leopards

that have wandered into human settlements,
officials said on Monday.?

“The wild cats in the state of Gujarat often get into villages near forests in search of

food”,said officials,adding that this results in
attacks on people.But rather than use methods

such as live baits (诱惑物) like goats tied to
trees to lure the leopards,which then fall into large pits dug by guards,officials said they had found a safer method to trap the cats.?

“The moos of a cow,bleating of a goat

from the phone has proved effective to trap
leopards,”said D.Vasani,a senior forest official in Gujarat.“This trick works.”Vasani said forest guards had downloaded the sounds of over a dozen animals as ringtones on their mobiles which they attached to speakers and fixed behind a cage.They then played the ringtone continuously for up to two hours until

the curious leopard appeared and moves into
the cage looking for its easy meal.?

At least five leopards have so far been lured from villages since the new ringtone method was introduced three months ago.The cats have all been released back into forest

areas.?
Wildlife activists welcomed the new initiative saying that previous methods of trapping the cats using pits often resulted in the animals getting injured.?

1. What can be the best title of the passage?? A.Cellphones to Hunt Animals? B.Practical Uses of Cellphones? C.Wildlife and New Technology? D.Phone Ringtones to Catch Leopards

?答案
?解析

D
主旨大意题。第一段是文章的主题,再结

合下文内容可知D项作为本文的标题最合适。

2. Forest guards in India try to catch leopards
mainly because A

A.leopards attack villagers
B.they want leopard fur? C.leopards attack animals D.they have new ringtones 解析 细节理解题。根据第二段内容可知豹常常

进入山林附近的村庄找食物,这导致村民受到袭 击。

3.According to wildlife activists,the new method

is

C

.?

A.appreciated because it benefits leopards? B.not good because it may injure animals? C.effective because it hurts no leopard? D.not safer than the former one

?解析 细节理解题。根据最后一段内容可知
wildlife activists欢迎这种新方法是因为先前 的方法会使动物受伤,而新方法既保护人类又不

伤害动物。

4. We can learn from the passage EXCEPT that
.? A.forest guards don’t mean to hurt leopards ?B.forest guards no longer use pits to trap leopards?

C.forest guards used goats to attract
leopards D.recorded animal sounds are used to lure leopards

解析

推理判断题。考生答题时要注意题干中的

except。由文章内容可知A、D选项均正确。第二段 中讲到一种办法是将山羊一类的诱惑物拴在树上诱 捕豹,然后豹就会掉进警卫挖好的大坑,由此可判 断C选项是正确的,但文中并未表明现在不再用这种 方法了,故选B。

答案

B

5.What will be needed to trap leopards using the new method?? ①cellphones animals A.①②③④ ②animals ③sounds of ④cages ⑤large pits B.②③⑤

C.①④⑤
答案 D

D.①③④

解析 推理判断题。②和⑤都是老方法所需要的, 故排除。

B? (2009· 佛山市教学质量检测(二)) So far,scientists have named about 1.8 million living species (物种),and that’s just a small part of what probably exists on Earth.With

so many plants,animals,fungi,and other
organisms covering the planet,it can be tough to figure out what type of spider is crawling up your leg or what kind of bird just flew by.?

A soon-to-be-launched website might help.An international team of researchers has announced the creation of a web based Encyclopedia of Life(EOL).The project aims to

catalogue every species on Earth in a
single,easy-to-use reference guide. To get the encyclopedia started,the creators will use information from scientific databases that already exist.And eventually,in special

sections of the site,nonscientists with

specialized know ledge will join.Gardeners,for
example,will be able to record the dates that their flowers first bloom each year.Bird?watchers will be able to input which birds they’ve seen and where.The technology for this kind of tool has

only recently become available.?
As the EOL develops,you might find it useful for school projects.The site will have special pages for kids who are studying ecosystems in their neighborhoods.To make sure the en

cycloped ia is accurate,scientists will review much of the information added to it.People who visit the site will be able to choose to skip

pages that haven’t been reviewed.?
Another convenient characteristic of the EOL is that you’ll be able to pick the level of

detail you see to match your interest,age,and
current knowledge.If you want to learn about polar bears for a science class report,for example,you could use the “novice” setting to

get basic information about the animals.On the

“expert” setting,on the other hand,you could
get much more detailed information about the history,literature,and exploration of polar bears. It has taken years for scientists to collect all the data they need to describe and analyze species.The creators of the Encyclopedia of Life hope that their new tool will speed that process.

??

Keep an eye on www.eol.org. Pages will begin to go up sometime next year,and you

might find them useful for your school
reports.The EOL team might have the basics for all 1.8 million entries online as early as

2017.Someday,you might add your own notes.?
6. What is implied in the last sentence of Paragraph 1?? A.No one can become an expert on spiders and birds.?

B.So many spiders have crawled up your leg.
?

C.There are far more than 1.8 million living species.? D.Scientists have named a lot of living species.

答案 C
解析 根据第一句?180万种物种仅仅是世界上存在 的物种中的一小部分?,和?很难弄明白正爬上你

的腿的蜘蛛是哪一种,刚刚飞过的是什么鸟?可知,
该句旨在说明物种非常多,不只有已经被命名的180 万种。

7. Which of the following statements is TRUE? ?A. You can find information of all living species online in 2017. B.Nonscientists will be able to add their own

notes to the website.?
C.The kids preparing school reports can not have access to the information.?

D. You are not free to choose the amount of
detailed information. 答案 B

解析 根据第三段第二句?...nonscientists
with specialized knowledge will join.?可知答案。

8. What does the underlined word

“novice”probably mean in Paragraph 5??
A.Beginner. C.Scientist. ?答案 ?解析 A 根据第五段第一句?...pick the level B.Specialist. D.Pupil.

of detail you see to match your interest,age,and current knowledge.?和第三 句?On the ‘expert’ setting,on the other

hand...?可知,此处novice应与expert相对应,
其意思是beginner初学者。

9. Who are the intended readers of this passage? ?A.Students.? B.Researchers.? C.Bird watchers or gardeners.?

D.People in general.?
答案 A ?解析 根据第四段第一句中的?school projects? 和最后一段第二句中的?school reports?可知 这

篇文章是为学生写的。

10.What is the best title for the passage?? A.Exploring Polar Bears? B.Visit Our Website Now?

C.How to Do School Projects?
D.E-book of Life 答案 D

? 解析 本篇文章主要讲了即将开办的电子生物百
科全书的目的、搜集资料的途径及用途。

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