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河南省2013年4月英语专业高级英语模拟试题集锦


河南省 2013 年 4 月英语专业高级英语模拟试题集锦 第一套试卷 全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目除外),请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上 Ⅰ. The followingparagraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressionsmarked A to Y. Choose t

he one that best completes each of the sentences andwrite the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression foreach blank only. (25 points,1 point for each) One of the best currentexamples of what Horowitz is talking 1 is John Denver. His most 2 songs—“Sunshineon My Shoulders”, “RockyMountain High”, and “Country Road”— 3 the musical drive and power of 4 rock, while the lyrics celebrate thesimple 5 of“thegood old days”. It is all symbolized inmy mind by the hugely successful art 6 that television has made 7 to the culture, the 30-second commercial:the tiny drama of the 8 housewife who finds happiness 9 choosing the right toothpaste. When beforein human history has so much humanity 10 surrendered so much of its leisure to onetoy, one mass diversion? They had no 11 of comparison and assumed that this was a 12 of his class, just as a traveler steppingoff the liner at a foreign 13 for luncheon sums up a nation’s characterforever in the 14 businessman who happens to 15 the table with him. Each week, for example, a record of the salesresults of the 16 week for each sales office and for Sales Department as a 17 for each division of the company is keptand 18 to the sales results for the 19 week of the year 20 . But by and large thenews reports and commentaries on CBS and NBC and ABC make every 21 to present viewers with more than one 22 of an issue, either by letting 23 spokesmen have their 24 or by outlining the positions held by bothmajor parties on the subject 25 . A.folk F.preceding K.compared P.effort U.say B.means G.joys L.share Q.collectively V.aspect C.form H.in M.characteristic R.about W.whole D.combine I.corresponding N.notable S.involved X.earnest E.before J.central O.opposing T.port Y.wily

II. Each of the following sentences is given four choices of words orexpressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and write thecorresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point for each) 26. New books were displayed in a ______position on tables at the front of the shop. A. prominent B.preeminent C. dominant D.relevant 27. The government is trying to ______ thepeople into thinking that a war is necessary. A. inspire B.poison C. adopt D.brainwash 28. You need to demonstrate to the examinersthat you have more than a(n) ______ understanding of the text. A. actual B.factual C. literal D.literary 29. Such ______ of the facts cannot beallowed to go unchallenged.

A. distortion B.disturbance C. distraction D.distribution 30. Cutting the bush back in the autumn willhelp promote ______ growth in the spring. A. violent B.virtual C. vigorous D.visual 31. In this story, the clever little fox______ the hunters and escapes from the trap they set. A. outweighs B.outwits C. outnumbers D.outgrows 32. The British ______ time, effort and hugesums of money on pets. A. lavish B.grant C. provide D.supply 33. The fortunes of the major politicalparties tend to ______ and flow over time. A. halt B.fall C. ebb D.fly 34. I’m tired of listening to her ______ thevirtues of her children. A. exposing B.explaining C. extending D.extolling 35.There will be a mass ______ to the seaside, the countryside and foreign holidaydestinations during summer vacation. A. departure B.inflow C. evasion D.exodus 36. John was angry when the boss said thathis proposal was completely ______. A. disposable B.dismissible C. unapproachable D.unavoidable 37. Lack of sleep has ______ herconcentration. A. deconstructed B.impaired C. demonstrated D.repaired 38. He had long held a(n) ______ fascinationwith the horrors of contemporary warfare. A. arbitrary B.mortal C. morbid D.courteous 39. The government replaced the narrow streetwith a wide ______ with the funds raised. A. lane B.path C. boulevard D.trail 40. Like so many politicians, he had an______ appetite for power. A. innumerable B.inseparable C. insufferable D.insatiable Read the following passage carefully andcomplete the succeeding three items III, IV, V. ANC Reform: Alaska NativesBattle for Change (1) Theygathered in an office building behind closed doors, a dozen executives ofAlaska native corporations (ANCs) considering how to proceed in the face ofthreats to a government program that had given them a shortcut to billions inincome from federal contracts. For years, the leaders of ANCs had maintained aunited front of support for the ANC program, despite news accounts and auditsthat turned up allegations of abuses. (2) In August2009, just weeks after an especially critical congressional hearing,officials from

three of the ANCs proposed amajor break in the long-held habit of keeping native problems to themselves.They wanted the group to acknowledge the problems and adopt radical reforms.The room went silent when the officials announced their key proposal: a cap oncontracts that would end their ability to get deals of any size withoutcompetition. (3) “The reaction was surprisingly muted, said a person who was there that day whospoke on the ” condition of anonymity because of the nature of the meeting.“It was obvious there wasdiscomfort, but no one raised their voices or pounded the table.” (4) Oneof the reformers, Tara Sweeney, a vice president at Arctic Slope based inBarrow, said in a recent interview that advocating a position with implied criticismof Alaska natives was “not an easy path to take.” But she said that she andothers could not stand by and do nothing. “We need to do the right thing,” she said. (5)Executives at Doyon Limited and Cook Inlet Region Inc. joined those at ArcticSlope in calling for fundamental changes in the program, which has opened theway for $29 billion to Alaska native corporations over the past decade, most ofit through set-aside deals or contracts awarded without competition. (6) In aproposal handed over to the Small Business Administration (SBA) last month, thethree companies called for better tracking and reporting of benefits to Alaskanative shareholders and their communities. They reiterated their callfor limits on the size of contracts awarded without competition, requiringadditional justification for contracts of more than $100 million. They calledfor new limits on how ANC subsidiaries could operate and for better enforcement“of program rules to ensure the integrity” of small-business contracting. (7) “Ourproposed reforms will improve the program by increasing accountability, decreasingthe potential for abuse while continuing to encourage the growth of sustainablebusinesses that raise the standard of living for Alaska native people,” the three reformers said in a letter to the SBA. (8) Inthe Alaska native community, the proposals are a source of intense, debate. (9) SarahLukin, executive director of the Native American Contractors Association; said theANC program as it currently is benefits Alaska natives and taxpayers. She saidthe three reformers, who are not members of her association, “can afford to do business” without the set-aside program becauseof their natural resources and real estate holdings. (10)Lukin said critics have taken ANC problems out of context, ignoring the fact thatthe same issues, such as the use of contracts without competition, are widespreadacross the government. “The scrutiny on ANCs is disproportionate,” she said. (11) An unlikely set of allies has joined thereformers. (12) In an interview, Sen. Lisa Murkowski, oneof the most adamant ANC boosters, applauded the idea of more transparency andaccountability. “In order to continue the good forwhich this program was intended, we have to pursue the reforms that allow forappropriate oversight, ”she said. “I have defended this program, butI do not defend the program unconditionally.” (13) Sen. Claire McCaskill, chairman of acontracting oversight subcommittee that held the ANC hearing last year, saidthe contracting privileges ought to be rescinded altogether. “If you reallyunderstand what is going on with Alaska native corporations, your heart breaksfor the many poor natives who are suffering still. They’re being used,” shesaid. “Two groups of people are gettingscrewed by the program. Many Alaska natives who are not getting their fairshare, and the American taxpayers.” (14) She suggested that the governmentmake direct payments to the native shareholders. “I would

much prefer thatthe American government help Alaska natives directly than through ridiculouslyover-priced, noncompete government contracts,”she said. (15) Sheri Buretta, chairman of the board ofthe Chugach Corp., said that the government needs to keep giving ANCs room toimprove and grow. “There’s no doubt in my mind there are abuses.” Until now, native executives have beenafraid to speak up because of fears “it will be used against us. We’re tryingas hard as we can,” she said. “It’s an evolutionary process.” III. In this section, there areten incomplete statements or questions, followed by four choices marked A, B, Cand D. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your AnswerSheet. (20 points, 2 points for each) 41. The purpose of the ANC program reforms isto ______. A. encourage the growth of sustainablebusinesses B. compete with large joint ventures C. enhance taxpayers’ confidence in ANCs D. get deals of any size without competition 42. The officials of Alaska nativecorporations gathered to ______. A. discuss the reform proposals B. find ways to help native Alaska people C. improve corporate competition D. protest against the Pentagon 43. Themain proposal of officials from three of the ANCs is to ______. A. acknowledgethe problems and call for federal support B. keepnative problems to themselves C. limitthe size of contracts D. standby and do nothing 44. The word “anonymity” in the thirdparagraph means ______. A. holding a negative attitude B.calling for public attention C. keeping one’s name untold D.holding back one’s opinions 45. The corporation headquartered in Barrowis ______. A. Doyon Limited B.Cook Inlet Region Inc. C. Chugach Corp. D.Arctic Slope 46. The word “reiterated” in the sixthparagraph means ______. A. responded B.reviewed C. reconsidered D.restated 47. In the ninth paragraph, Sarah Lukin’sattitude toward the reform proposals is ______. A. tolerant B.supportive C. negative D.conservative 48. The word “disproportionate” in the tenthparagraph means ______. A. unfair B.unknown C. undone D.uneasy 49.According to Sen. Claire McCaskill, the victims of the ANC program are ______. A.Alaska officials and corporation executives B. American officials and Alaska taxpayers C. Alaska natives and American taxpayers D. American citizens and corporationexecutives

50. The sentence “It’s an evolutionaryprocess.” in the fifteenth paragraph implies that ______. A. it takes courage B.it takes time C. it is an easy path to take D.it is the right thing to do IV. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write thetranslation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each) 51. Itwas obvious there was discomfort, but no one raised their voices or pounded thetable. 52. Inthe Alaska native community, the proposals are a source of intense debate. 53. In order tocontinue the good for which this program was intended, we have to pursue thereforms that allow for appropriate oversight. 54. If you reallyunderstand what is going on with Alaska native corporations, your heart breaks for the many poor nativeswho are suffering still. 55. Shesuggested that the government make direct payments to the native shareholders. V. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words.Write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points) 56. What is yourattitude to reforms? Illustrate your point of view with one or more appropriateexamples. VI. Translate the following sentences intoEnglish and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 pointseach for 57-60, 4 points for 61, 8 points for 62) 57.一个致力于在少数特定地区增加个人财富的政府系统永远不会为公众谋求利益。 58.黑人区至少不再满足于其美国城区私生子的地位。 59.男人可以用报纸作为屏障与妻子隔开。 60.当年医生出于对个人自由的坚定不移的尊重而不去杀害健康的、渴望活下去的人们。 61.首先,作为防止无聊的手段,工作是可取的。因为与终日无所事事百无聊赖相比,从事 必要而乏味的工作所感受的无聊就算不了什么了。 62.亚裔美国老人是这样一种公众印象的牺牲品:他们有家人的独立照顾,因此不需要外界 帮助。然而来到这个国家的亚裔美国入的移民模式、文化障碍、语言障碍、语言问题和他们 遭遇的歧视,都给这些老人及其家人带来伤害。 第二套试卷 请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上,全部题目用英语作答(英译汉题目除外) I. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by alist of words or expressions marked A to X. Choose the one that best completeseach of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet.One word or expression for each blank only. (12 points, 0.5 point for each) So at least the historical evidenceseems to suggest. When I was graduating from college, my 1 alsofound the world in a mess. The economic machinery had 2 down almost everywhere: In this country 3 a quarter ofthe population was out of work. A major war seemed all too 4 . As a college newspaper editor atthat time, I protested 5 this just as vehemently as student 6 are protesting today. But today she passed the baker’s by,climbed the 7 , went intothe little dark room—her room like a cupboard—andsat down on the red eiderdown. She sat 8 for a long time. The box 9 the fur came out of was 10 the bed. She unclasped the neckletquickly; quickly, 11 looking, laid it inside. But whenshe put the 12 on she thought she heard something crying. The Watts-as-a-way-station mentality has a firmhold on 13 those who remain and those who leave.Such as 14 is, the ghetto is regarded as 15 place to make a career for those who

havea future. Without 16 , the primeAmerican values underscore the 17 . Negroes, inside it or out, and whitestoo, behave toward the 18 like travelers. I know that American technical genius, and 19 of all the moon landing, seems to givethe 20 to too summary a condemnation of the 21 system, but there is more toeducation 22 the segmental equipping of the mind.There is that transmission of the value of the 23 as a force still miraculously fertile andmoving—mostly 24 from American education at all levels.

II. In this section, there are fifteen sentences taken from thetextbooks with a blank in each, followed by a list of words or expressionsmarked A to X. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences andwrite the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression foreach blank only. (15 points, 1point for each) 25. Like all artists, these rockmusicians _____ feelings and beliefs that help us see and form our own. 26. If you don’t do what the doctorsays you’ll have to go to the hospital, the mother admonished her _____. 27. I hope that the example of my _____will convince other women to get into politics—and not just to stuff envelopes,but to run for office. 28. There was a little path besidethe rocky road, and Mrs. Flowers walked _____ swinging her arms and picking herway over the stones. 29. It has become _____ to thinkthat, like fast food, fast ideas are the way to get to a fast-moving, impatientpublic. 30. All skilled work can bepleasurable, provided the skill _____ is either variable or capable ofindefinite improvement. 31. She frowned, conscientiouslyworrying over what _____ he might secretly be longing for which she had beentoo busy or too careless to imagine. 32. When salesmen are doing well,there is pressure upon them to begin _____ better, for fear they may startdoing worse. 33. Television also provides a wide _____of opinion by setting up four or five experts and letting them knock each otherdown. 34. I guess before we’re _____ shemay have something more serious than preserves to worry about. 35. She brought a cigarette out ofher apron pocket and tucked it deep into one _____ of her mouth, the way shedid when something pleased her. 36. Except for some exclusive clubsin London, there were _____ occasions where racial lines were drawn. 37. Undoubtedly the desire for foodhas been, and still is, one of the main causes of great _____

events. 38. At the same time, of course, theproducer must do his bit by producing nothing but the most perishable _____. 39. The northern wind blowsviciously today, and there’s no _____ heating to turn on, but it will bepleasant when the wind drops.

III. Each of the followingsentences is given two choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence andwrite the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point foreach) 40. His _____ andunwillingness to learn from others prevent him from being an effective memberof the team. A. arrogance B.advantage 41. We must try to create a more caring, more _____ society. A. compassionate B.competitive 42. It was _____ and she did not know enough to analyze each problemproperly. A. encouraging B.exhausting 43. Although eachTV series will be rated on the basis of its usual content, the ratings can _____ fromweek to week. A. flow B.fluctuate 44. This _____factor means that there is often a connection in appearance and temperamentbetween parents and children. A. historical B.hereditary 45. Though she _____ and pleaded, he refused to go to the dance. A. coaxed B.admonished 46. Jack managedto get 147 tapes and 100 books plus lots of magazines through customs ina(n) _____ way. A. incredulous B.miraculous 47. These days people are becoming more and more _____ about the foodthey eat. A. sophisticated B.selective 48. The question of going to the United States for a doctor’s degree _____his mind. A. preoccupied B. intruded 49. In the lasttwenty years, breakthroughs in technology have _____ advanced the way wecommunicate, bringing us computers, cell phones and the Internet. A. profoundly B.deeply 50. In ourculture, we are accustomed to sophisticated prescription drugs containing a _____of

chemical ingredients. A.plenty B.variety 51. We cannot _____ the country’s telecommunications to unqualifiedpeople. A. trust B.entrust 52. Imagine howmany times restaurants and merchants had to change their posted prices duringthe _____ 1970s, when prices almost doubled. A. inflationary B.extraordinary 53. Compared with the _____ period last year, average temperatures havebeen low. A. corresponding B.related 54. In the middle of these otherwise _____ plains is a striking range ofmountains. A. featureless B.pointless Read the following passagecarefully and complete the succeeding three items IV, V and VI. BrightSparks (1) By the timeLaszlo Polagar’s first baby was born in 1969 he already had firm views onchild-rearing. An eccentric citizen of communist Hungary, he had written a bookcalled “Bring up Genius!” and one ofhis favorite sayings was “Geniuses are made, not born”. (2) An expert onthe theory of chess, he proceeded to teach little Zsuzsa at home, spending upto ten hours a day on the game. Two more daughters were similarly hot-housed.All three obliged their father by becoming world-class players. The youngest,Judit, is currently ranked 13th in the world, and is by far the bestfemale chess player of all time. (3) Would theexperiment have succeeded with a different trio of children? If any child canbe turned into a star, then a lot of time and money are being wasted worldwideon trying to pick winners. (4) America haslong held “talent searches”, using test results and teacher recommendations toselect children for advanced school courses, summer schools and other extratuition. This provision is set to grow. In his state-of-the-union address in2006, President George Bush announced the “American Competitiveness Initiative”,which, among much else, would train 70,000high-school teachers to lead advanced courses for selected pupils inmathematics and science. Just as the super powers’ space race made Congress putmoney into science education, the thought of China and India turning outhundreds of thousands of engineers and scientists is scaring America intostimulating its brightest to do their best. (5) The philosophybehind this talent search is that ability is innate; that it can be diagnosedwith considerable accuracy; and that it is worth cultivating. (6) In America,bright children are ranked as “moderately”, “highly”, “exceptionally” and “profoundly”gifted. The only chance to influence innate ability is thought to be in thewomb or the first couple of years of life. Hence the craze for “teaching aids”such as videos and flashcards for newborns, and “whale sounds” on tape which apregnant mother can strap to her belly. (7) In Britain,there is a broadly similar belief in the existence of innate talent, but alsoan egalitarian (平等主义的) sentiment which makes people queasyabout the idea of investing resources in grooming intelligence. (8) Teachers areoften opposed to separate provision for the best-performing children, sayingany extra help should go to stragglers. In 2002, in a bid to help the ablewhile leaving intact the ban on most selection by ability in state schools, thegovernment set up the National Academy for Gifted

and Talented Youth. This outfitruns summer schools and master classes for children nominated bytheir schools. To date, though, only seven in ten secondary schools havenominated even a single child. Last year all schools were told they must supplythe names of their top 10%. (9) Pickingwinners is also the order of the day in excommunist states, a hangover from thetimes when talented individuals were plucked from their homes and ruthlesslytrained for the glory of the nation. But in many other countries, oppositionto the idea of singling out talent and grooming it runs deep. InScandinavia, a belief in virtues like modesty and social solidarity makes people flinchfrom the idea of treating brainy children differently. (10) And in Japanthere is a widespread belief that all children are born with the same innateabilities - and should therefore be treated alike. All are taught together,covering the same syllabus at the same rate until they finish compulsoryschooling. Those who learn quickest are expected then to teach theirclassmates. (11) Statisticsgive little clue as to which system is best. The performance of the most ableis heavily affected by factors other than state provision. Most state educationin Britain is nominally non-selective, but middle-class parents try to livenear the best schools. Ambitious Japanese parents have made private,out-of-school tuition a thriving business. And Scandinavia’s egalitarianismmight work less well in places with more diverse populations and less competentteachers. For what it’s worth, the statistical data suggest that somecountries, like Japan and Finland, can avoid selection and still thrive. Butthat does not mean that any country can ditch selection and do as well. (12) Mr. Polgarthought any child could be a prodigy given the right teaching, an early startand enough practice. Some say the key to success is simply hard graft.Judit, the youngest of the Polgar sisters, was the most driven, and the mostsuccessful; Zsofia, the middle one, was regarded as the most talented, but shewas the only one who did not achieve the status of grand master. “Everythingcame easiest to her,” said her older sister. “But she was lazy.” IV. In this section, there are ten incompletestatements followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the bestanswer and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2points for each) 55. In their childhood, the three daughters of Polagar _____. A. played chess inhouse all day long B. had plenty ofintense training on chess C. took variouslessons on games in house D. revealed theirtalent in playing chess 56. In paragraph 3, the author tends to _____ Polagar’s view onchild-rearing. A. support B. despise C. question D.defend 57. In America, student winners are usually picked out on the basis of _____. A. test results andpraises from teachers B. teacherrecommendations and test papers C. test scores andteacher recommendations D. self-presentationand teachers’ evaluations 58. The American “talent searches” is based on the belief that _____. A. there is no innateability

B. few have inborntalent C. education can helpdevelop talent D, one’s innateability can be measured 59. In paragraph 7, the word “queasy” is closest in meaning to _____. A. curious B.worried C. unhappy D.comfortable 60. According to the passage, in Britain, _____. A. state schools areforbidden to select winners by talent B. state schools areallowed to select students by ability C. secondary schoolsare eager to pick talented students D. the government isentitled to picking talented children 61. In paragraph 8, the word “outfit” is closest in meaning to _____. A. corporation B.community C. government D.organization 62. In Scandinavia, people value virtueslike modesty and social solidarity, so they _____. A. approve of theidea of selecting different brains B. single out thetalented children from the dull ones C. refuse to teachtalented children in normal ways D. avoid pickingtalented children for special education 63. In paragraph 11, the word “ditch” is closest in meaning to _____. A. abandon B.embrace C. welcome D.denounce 64. Of the Polgar sisters, _____. A. all achieved thestatus of grand master B. two becameworld-class chess players C. the youngest wasthe most diligent one D. the eldest wasunder the greatest pressure V. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write thetranslation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each) 65. … the thought of China and Indiaturning out hundreds of thousands of engineers and scientists is scaringAmerica into stimulating its brightest to do their best. 66. To date, though, only seven inten secondary schools have nominated even a single child. Last year all schoolswere told they must supply the names of their top 10%. 67. But in many other countries,opposition to the idea of singling out talent and grooming it runs deep. 68. And Scandinavia’s egalitarianismmight work less well in places with more diverse populations and less competentteachers. 69. Mr. Polgar thought any childcould be a prodigy given the right teaching, an early start and enoughpractice. VI. Answer the following essay question in English within80-100 words. Write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points) 70. Do you believe ininnate ability? Why or why not?

VII. Translate the following sentences into English and write thetranslation on your Answer Sheet. (18 points, 2 points each for 71-75, 8 pointsfor 76) 71.不幸的是,我们地球上高尚的野蛮人和未被玷污的地方越来越少,除了北极和南极,边 疆地区已无处可觅。 72.美国唯一没有受到经济萧条影响的产业就是美容业。 73.在消费者中有组织的浪费是我们工业繁荣的先决条件。消费者将买来的东西越快扔 掉 并购买新的,对生产者就越好。 74.这一切至关重要且相互关联的因素共同决定一个人晚年生活的质量。 75.对于这些产品领导者,竞争的不是价格或顾客服务(尽管那些不容忽视),而是产品的性 能。 76.读写能力可能算不上一项不可剥夺的人权,但我们极有学问的开国元勋们并不觉得 它 不合理, 甚至达不到。 从统计数字看, 我们不仅没有在全国范围内达到人人都能读写的目标, 而目离达到这个目标越来越远。 尽管我不会简单到认为电视是造成这一局面的直接原因, 我 却相信它起了一定作用,是一个影响因素。 第三套试卷 请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上,全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目除外) I. Thefollowing paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of wordsor expressions marked A to Y. Choose the one that best completes each of thesentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word orexpression for each blank only. (25 points, 1 point for each) West Germany, bycontrast, will not be able to 1 any form of euthanasiafor a long time to come. Opposition is 2 fierce, because of theshadow of the past. Countries 3 an uninterruptedrecent libertarian tradition have less to fear from setting some 4 rules for voluntary euthanasia. By 5 to discuss it, they usher in something worse. We watched whilepride allowed unimportant battles to be 6 into the mostimportant stands of the war-because we couldn’t 7 and we couldn’tretreat and because it didn’t matter how many American 8 were provided to prove that point. Now we are told that we have to 9 quietly while theAmerican lives are lost so that we can exercise the 10 arrogance of Vietnamizing the Vietnamese. Newspapers havetwo great advantages 11 television. They can be used by menas barriers 12 their wives.It is still the only effective screen against the morning features of the lovedone, and, as such, performs a unique human 13 . The second advantage is that youcan’t line a 14 pail with atelevision set—it’s usuallythe other way 15 . It is onlylately that I have found how much science of genetics is 16 . Agronomists and the like have takento 17 all sorts of vegetables and fruits-changing their 18 nature. This sounds wonderful andoften is 19 . For the scientists have not as arule taken any 20 whatsoeverin the taste of the things they’ve tampered with! My own lack ofshame in the rioting then taking place in America 21 me. In one sense, I was the 22 of the ghetto child who through hardwork and initiative was 23 himself toward a better life. I wasthe 24 , the exception. It was my life thatwas held up to Watts youth to 25.

II. Each of the followingsentences is given four choices of words or expressions. Choose the right

oneto complete the sentence and write the corresponding letter on your AnswerSheet. (15 points, 1 point for each) 26.These arguments have never been _________ accepted. A. amply B.drastically C. perpetually D.universally 27. It takes the most cool-headed andgood-tempered of drivers to resist the temptation to revenge when subjected to_________ behavior. A. unfamiliar B.uncivilized C. unsatisfied D.uncommon 28. The emergency services said it was_________ that no one was seriously injured in the air crash. A. miraculous B.mysterious C. ridiculous D.relentless 29. Banks _________ receive money fromtheir customers in two distinct forms: on current account, and on depositaccount. A. formally B.narrowly C. normally D.particularly 30.The recession has _________ so many firms that many can no longer survive. A. lessened B.weakened C. decreased D.reduced 31.In science, a theory is a reasonable __________ of observed events. A. explanation B.excavation C. expression D.evaluation 32.Children do not learn what it is to lose and will __________ violence torelease their disappointment. A. refer to B.attribute to C. point to D.resort to 33.Asincere __________ is like the sunshine which can boost our morale. A. compliment B.supplement C. accomplishment D.complement 34.He was arrested when his __________ scheme to evade taxes came to light. A. fake B.fraudulent C. false D.foreign 35.This old room has not been much in use of late. No wonder it has such a_______ appearance. A. vulgar . B.fancy C. shabby D.cheap 36.That little boy was so naughty that he tried to _________ feathers from achicken. A. flick B.twist C. pluck D.toss 37.The task of a teacher _________ patience and conscientiousness. A. commands B.demands C. amends D.mends 38.She gave us unfailing _________ and became an essential part of our family. A. devotion B.inspection

C. exploration D.indication 39.As we were saying goodbye, the train started with a_________. A. shake B.shiver C. tremble D.jerk 40. Parents should attach importanceto their children’s _________ from adolescence to adulthood. A. permission B.position C. transmission D.transition Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeedingthree items III, IV, V. Why I Came to College (1) Why have I chosen to attendcollege? I have put this question to myself at many times and in various formsduring the past three and a half months which have constituted the firstsemester of my freshman year. Have I come because of parental influence, orbecause I have some goal of my own that I wish to pursue? After ponderingthese questions on many occasions, I have finally reached the conclusion that Ihave come to college not for one single reason, but for many, and that it issomething that I truly want to do. (2) Originally, my parents didinfluence my opinions about education in general. My mother, an elementaryschool teacher, was always proud of my academic successes, but she never reallypushed me or demanded that I achieve excellent grades. However, from thebeginning of my schooling, my parents seemed to assume that I would attendcollege, and by the time I reached high school, I had become accustomed to thatidea as well. (3) When I entered high school, Ienrolled in the college preparatory program offered there, looking ahead fouryears to college attendance. However, as I proceeded further through highschool into my junior and senior years, I became genuinely interested inmany of the subjects which I was studying. Chemistry, physics, and calculuswere the courses which held my interest most strongly and I felt that I wantedto continue to study those areas beyond the high school level. Up to thatpoint in my life, I had always claimed that I wanted to attend college. butdidn’t realize why until my high school career drew to a close. (4) Finally, I began to recognize in myselfa strong drive to obtain knowledge. I knew that I would not be content tosimply end my educational career with high school and enter the working world.I truly felt a need to continue learning in order to gain a betterunderstanding of the world around me. My final decision to attend collegeseemed a natural one, and my choice of engineering as a field of study cameeasily as well, since the profession fit well with my academic preferences. (5) The fact that I enjoy learning andgaining knowledge was my main reason for choosing to enter college, but I mustadmit that it was not the sole reason. In today’s world, a college educationhas become almost essential if one wishes to compete in the job market. In thenext several years, this trend will surely continue, with a Bachelor’s degreebecoming almost indispensable if one wishes to find a worthwhileposition, and a Master’s degree becoming highly desirable for advancedpositions. Although it may sound materialistic, I felt that attending collegewas a practical and necessary step which I took to ensure a secure future formyself and my family. I made my choice to study engineering primarily on the basisof my love of mathematics and the physical sciences; however, the fact that itis a well-paid and respected profession did have some influence on my final decisionto study engineering, rather than a pure science curriculum. Either field wouldhave allowed me to study those subjects which hold my interest, but the decisionto pursue

the one which would ultimately be more profitable was not a difficultchoice to make. (6) A third reason that I am attendingcollege is that I have always hoped that I could make a contribution to theworld. I knew that a career involving science and technology would give me thebest opportunity to do this. I also knew that in order to pursue such a career,I would be required to go through college. Hopefully, this will enable me tosomeday make a contribution to the expansion of the frontiers of society’sknowledge, and to in some way benefit mankind. (7) Finally, I chose to attend adiversified college, as opposed to a purely technical institute, because I feelthat college should allow a person to grow in areas other than pure academics.It should also expose that student to a variety of social and political ideas,helping to expand his mental horizons. Attending Rutgers University hasdefinitely allowed me to come into contact with a wide variety of lifestyleswhich could only be found together on a collegiate campus. Additionally, whileI am able to major in a scientific field at Rutgers, I am able to simultaneouslytake courses which explore other fields of study and allow me to become a morediversified and well-rounded person. This overall gain of general knowledgewhich is available only to the college student is another reason that I waslured toward the pursuit of a higher education. (8) Thus, I came to college not forone reason, but for several different ones. It was something that I hadplanned, even without fully knowing why, for several years. It was certainlythe next logical step in my educational career after the completion of highschool. However, only in my final two years of high school did I actually beginto recognize in myself the inherent desire to obtain information and learningwhich pursue the other goals which I had set for myself. I also knew that Iwanted to become a more diversified person, and that a college education wasthe best means to attain that end. (9) Why have I chosen to attendcollege? Sometimes I am unsure of the exact reason myself. I am sure, however,that it is what I should do and what I want to do with the next four years ofmy life. III. In this section, there are tenincomplete statements or questions, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose thebest answer and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (20points, 2 points for each) 41.According to the passage, the author came to college mainly __________. A. out of his own will B.because of social pressure C. out of respect for his parents D.because of financial attraction 42.The word “pondering” in Paragraph l can be bestreplaced by __________ . A. answering appropriately B.exploring thoroughly C. dealing with efficiently D.thinking carefully about 43.According to Paragraph 2, which of the following is true about the author’sparents? A. They were demanding. B. They were open-minded. C. They were indifferent to his future. D. They were anxious about his future. 44.Which of the following is closest in meaning to the word “genuinely” in Paragraph 3 ? A. really B.completely C. immediately D.finally 45.It can be inferred from Paragraph 5 that _________ . A. few people study for Bachelor’sdegrees

B. a college degree means more than everbefore C. college education is required for agood future D. a Master’s degree can guaranteeadvanced positions 46.Which of the following can best explain the word “indispensable” in Paragraph 5? A. ingenuous B.essential C. advantageous D.helpful 47.The author chose engineering mainly because _________ . A. it was more popular B.he could make more money C. he was more interested in it D.he could be more successful 48.College education was expected to make the author _________ . A. realistic B.technically sophisticated C. intelligent D.comprehensively developed 49.The author states in Paragraph 7 that _________ . A. a diversified college can provideknowledge in various fields B. a diversified college is the onlyplace where a person can learn C. higher education in a diversifiedcollege can ensure success in the future D. a student can learn as many subjectsas he likes in a diversified college 50.The purpose of the author in writing this passage is to _________ . A. advertise educational institutions B. persuade people to obtain collegedegrees C. emphasize the importance of highereducation D. express his understanding of today’seducation systems IV. Translate the followingsentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (10points,2 points for each) 51. Have I come because of parentalinfluence, or because I have some goal of my own that I wish to pursue? 52. When I entered high school, Ienrolled in the college preparatory program offered there, looking ahead fouryears to college attendance. 53.Up to that point in my life, I hadalways claimed that I wanted to attend college, but didn’t realize why until myhigh school career drew to a close. 54.I knew that I would not be contentto simply end my educational career with high school and enter the workingworld. 55.I also knew that I wanted to becomea more diversified person, and that a college education was the best means toattain that end. V. Answer the following essay question in Englishwithin 80-100 words. Write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points) 56.Why did you decide to have higher education? VI. Translate the following sentences intoEnglish and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (20 points,2 points eachfor 57-60,4 points for 61,8 points for 62) 57.这一解决方式的弊端在于它已不再广泛适用。 58.当这个富足的国家没有孩子饿着肚子上床时,我可能会乐于回去教书。 59.美国人做的比看电视更多的事情只有工作和睡觉。 60.那种认为艺术应该与政治脱钩的观点本身就是一种政治态度。

61.鱼露出水面,闪动着身子在线的另一端挣扎。他紧紧地将鱼攥在手里,把鱼钩从嘴里取 出来。 62.瓦茨那里有抱负又有远见的年轻人谈论的是走出去创业。他们正是那样做的。有才能的 年轻人成群结队地离开瓦茨。他们共同拥有的一个本领就是逃离这个贫民窟。 第三套试卷 全部题目用英文作答(翻译题除外),并将答案写在答题纸相应位置上 I. Thefollowing paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of wordsor expressions marked A to Y. Choose the one that best completes each of thesentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word orexpression for each blank only. (25 points, 1 point for each) Today’s heroes—some of them, anyway—tell usthey enjoy their 1 . “And I 2 myselfat the men and the ladies. Who never 3 of us billion-dollar babies.” The 4 “culture hero” who 5 that is Alice Cooper. to

If I said that being black is a greater 6 than being a woman, probably no one would 7 me. Why? Because “we all know” there is 8 against black people in America. Thatthere is prejudice against women is an idea that still 9 nearly all men—and, I am afraid, mostwomen—as 10 . There is, however, another 11 possessed by the best work, which is evenmore important as a 12 of happiness than is the exercise of 13 . This is the element ofconstructiveness. In some work, though by no 14 in most, something is built up whichremains as a 15 when the work is completed. My own state of mind, when I left Wattseight years ago to take up the 16 year at Whittier College, was 17 . It was to me less of a 18 ; it was the stepping off point of anOdyssey that was to take me through Whittier College and Oxford University, toYale Law School, and back to Watts. I had 19 then, as now, to make Watts my 20 . Well, it’s a good life and a good 21 , all said and 22 , if you don’t 23 , and if you know that the big wideworld hasn’t 24 from you yet, no, not by a long way,though it won’t be long now. The float bobbed more violently than before and,with a 25 on his face, he began to wind in thereel. A. handicap F. question K. source R skill U. rewards B. element G. freshman L. different Q. laughed V. departure C. weaken H. home M. conceived R. prejudice W. intended D. means I. strikes N. particular S. monument X. world E. heard J. done O. grin T. sings Y. bizarre

II. Each of thefollowing sentences is given four choices of words or expressions. Choose theright one to complete the sentence and write the corresponding letter on your AnswerSheet. (15 points, 1 point for each) 26. The citizensare grateful to the government for the ______ environment. A. wholesome B.wholesale

C. noisome D.tiresome 27. The farmers’______ from the contest aroused heated debates. A. omission B.exclusion C. inclusion D.emission 28. He owed hisvictory to endurance and ______. A. instance B.existence C. subsistence D.perseverance 29. He killedhis enemy and received a ______ wound himself. A. moral B.fateful C. mortal D.factual 30. To removethe paint, he had to apply a knife to ______ the table. A. scrape B.rub C. dab D.peel 31. The localgovernment decided to ______ money for the building of a new post office. A. distribute B.divide C. contribute D.allot 32. She was ______of her notorious family scandal. A. shameful B.shameless C. ashamed D.shamed 33. Since then,the contrast between his two careers has become even more ______. A. symbolized B.distinguished C. predominated D.pronounced 34. I recall how______ it was years ago when people littered everywhere in our city. A. annoying B.scaring C. frightening D.humiliating 35. I don’t complain about the smoking ______because I hate watching people smoking in hospitals. A. programs B.restrictions C. arguments D.advertisements 36. His musclesare firmest and his ______ colds and infections is highest. A. ignorance of B.independence of C. resistance to D.attribution to 37. Regardlessof ______ poll results, a number of objections have been published in newspapers. A. practical B.sensible C. favorable D.outstanding 38. At British universities, it is ______to cease work and spend a half-hour or so sipping tea and eating cookies withthe members of one’s department. A. satisfactory B.extraordinary C. contemporary D.customary 39. The concentration of populations incities has given ______ to many problems of housing, education, and medicalservices. A. rise B.reason C. result D.response 40. Thisdiscovery is highly ______ in the circle of science.

A. measured B.appreciated C. calculated D.experimented Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeedingthree items III, IV, V. A Wrong Man in Workers’ Paradise (1) The man had never believed in mereutility. (2) Having had no useful work, heindulged in mad whims. He made little pieces of sculpture—men, women andcastle, quaint earthen things dotted over with sea-shells. He painted. Thus hewasted his time on all that was useless, needless. People laughed at him. Attimes he vowed to shake off his whims, but they lingered in his mind. (3) Some boys seldom ply their books andyet pass their tests. A similar thing happened to this man. He spent his earthlife in useless work and yet after his death the gates of Heaven opened widefor him. (4) But mistakes are unavoidable even inHeaven. So it came to pass that the aerial messenger who took charge of theman made a mistake and found him a place in Workers’ Paradise. (5) In this Paradise you find everythingexcept leisure. (6) Here men say: “God! We haven’t amoment to spare.” Women whisper: “Let’s move on, time’s a-flying.” Allexclaim: “Time is precious.” “We have our hands full, we make use of everysingle minute,” they sigh complainingly, and yet those words make them happyand exalted. (7) But this newcomer, who had passed allhis life on Earth without doing a scrap of useful work, did not fit inwith the scheme of things in Workers’ Paradise. He lounged in the streetsabsently and jostled the hurrying men. He lay down in green meadows, or closeto the fast flowing streams, and was taken to task by busy farmers. He wasalways in the way of others. (8) A hustling girl went every day to asilent torrent (silent, since in the Workers’ Paradise even a torrent would notwaste its energy singing) to fill her pitcher. (9) The girl’s movement on the roadwas like the rapid movement of a skilled hand on the strings of a guitar.Her hair was carelessly done; inquisitive wisps stooped often over her foreheadto peer at the dark wonder of her eye. (10) The idler was standing by thestream. As a princess sees a lonely beggar and is filled with pity, so thebusy girl of Heaven saw this one and was filled with pity. (11 ) “A—ha !”she cried with concern. “You have no work in hand, have you?” (12) The man sighed, “Work! I have not amoment to spare for work.” (13) The girl did not understand hiswords, and said: “I shall spare some work for you to do, if you like.” (14) The man replied: “Girl of the silenttorrent, all this time I have been waiting to take some work from your hands.” (15) “What kind of work would you like?” (16) “Will you give me one of yourpitchers, one that you can spare?” (17) She asked: “A pitcher? You want todraw water from the torrent?” (18) “No, I shall draw pictures on yourpitcher.” (19) The girl was annoyed. (20) “Pictures, indeed! I have no time towaste on such as you. I am going.” And she walked away. (21) But how could a busy person getthe better of one who had nothing to do? Every day they met, and every dayhe said to her: “Girl of the silent torrent, give me one of your clay pitchers.I shall draw pictures on it.”

(22) She yielded at last. She gave himone of her pitchers. The man started painting. He drew line after line; he putcolor after color. (23) When he had completed his work, thegirl held up the pitcher and stared at its sides, her eyes puzzled. Browsdrawn, she asked: “What do they mean, all those lines and colors? What is theirpurpose?” (24) The man laughed. (25) “Nothing. A picture may have nomeaning and may serve no purpose.” (26) The girl went away with her pitcher.At home, away from prying eyes, she held it in the light, turned it round andround and scanned the painting from all angles. At night she moved out of bed,lighted a lamp and scanned it again in silence. For the first time in her lifeshe had seen something that had no meaning and no purpose at all. (27) When she set out for the torrent thenext day, her hurrying feet were a little less hurried than before. For a newsense seemed to have wakened in her, a sense that seemed to have no meaning andno purpose at all. (28) She saw the painter standing by thetorrent and asked in confusion: “What do you want of me?” (29) “Only some more work from yourhands.” (30) “What kind of work would you like?” (31) “Let me make a colored ribbon foryour hair,” he answered. (32) “And what for?” (33) “Nothing.” (34) Ribbons were made, bright withcolors. The busy girl of Workers’ Paradise had now to spend a lot of time everyday tying the colored ribbon around her hair. The minutes slipped by,unutilized. Much work was left unfinished. (35) In Workers’ Paradise work had oflate begun to suffer. Many persons who had been active before were now idle,wasting their precious time on useless things such as painting and sculpture. Theelders became anxious. A meeting was called. All agreed that such a state ofaffairs had so far been unknown in the history of Workers’ Paradise. (36) The aerial messenger hurried in,bowing before the elders and made a confession. (37) “I brought a wrong man into thisParadise,” he said. “It is all due to him.” (38) The man was summoned. As he came theelders saw his fantastic dress, his quaint brushes, his paints, and theyknew at once that he was not the right sort for Workers’ Paradise. (39) Stiffly the President said: “This isno place for the like of you. You must leave.” (40) The man sighed in relief andgathered up his brush and paint. But as he was about to go, the girl of thesilent torrent came up tripping and cried: “Wait a moment. I shall go withyou.” (41) The elders gasped in surprise. Neverbefore had a thing like this happened in Workers’ Paradise—a thing that had no meaning and no purpose at all. III. In thissection, there are ten incomplete statements or questions, followed by four choicesmarked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letteron your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points for each). 41. What do youthink is the main point of the story? A. The love of apainter for a pretty girl. B. Theopposition between beauty and utility. C. The change ofheart in a girl who used to believe in mere utility.

D. The idealsociety where no time is wasted and no idler is tolerated. 42. What is theauthor’s attitude in this story? A. He isindifferent to the artist. B. He is insympathy with the artist. C. He isabsolutely objective in telling the story. D. He makes funof those who believe in Paradise. 43. In thesentence “...but they lingered in his mind” in Paragraph 2, “they” refers to______. A. his whims B.his vows C. the things hemade D.the people he met 44. What is theproper meaning of the phrase “a scrap of” in Paragraph 7? A. a lot of B.a load of C. a bit of D.a pile of 45. In Paragraph 8, with the sentence“...in the Workers’ Paradise even a torrent would not waste its energysinging”, the author intends to ______. A. state a fact B.laugh at the man C. praise theWorkers’ Paradise D.scoff at the Workers’ Paradise 46. What is themeaning of the phrase “get the better of” in Paragraph 21 ? A. pick B.make use of C. defeat D.make fun of 47. What is themeaning of the word “quaint” in Paragraph 38? A. disgusting B.strange C. ugly D.disturbing 48. Based on theauthor’s description of the girl, we know that ______. A. she was curious B. she was notvery attractive C. she was muchbusier than the others D. she was theprincess of the Workers’ Paradise 49. When theelders asked the man to leave the Workers’ Paradise, the man was ______. A. disappointed B.worried C. pleased D.surprised 50. From the endof the story we can infer that ______. A. the girl wonagainst the elders B.the elders won against the girl C. the elderswon against the man D.the man won against the elders IV. Translatethe following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your AnswerSheet. (10 points, 2 points for each) 51. Having had no useful work, heindulged in mad whims. 52. So it came to pass that the aerial messenger whotook charge of the man made a mistake and found him a place in Workers’Paradise. 53. Here men say: “God! We haven’t a moment tospare.” Women whisper: “Let’s move on, time’s a-flying.” 54. The girl’s movement on the road was like therapid movement of a skilled hand on the strings of a guitar. 55. As a princess sees a lonely beggar and is filledwith pity, so the busy girl of Heaven saw this one and was filled with pity.

V. Answer thefollowing essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your answers onthe Answer Sheet. (10 points) 56. Do you think art is something thathas no meaning and no purpose at all? Why or why not? VI. Translatethe following sentences into English and write the translation on your AnswerSheet. (20 points, 2 points each for 57-60, 4 points for 61, 8 points for 62) 57.心情好时,我可以谱写出恢弘的交响乐,绘制出壮丽的画卷。 58.这家事务所还强烈反对离婚、追求女色以及酗酒。 59.五个月前她得到杰利在战场上失踪的消息。 60.如果你一辈子都拒绝吊在眼前的诱饵,那就根本算不上活着了。 61.大概 17 岁到 24 岁期间,我试图摈弃这个念头,但这样做的同时我清楚这违背了我的本 性,我知道自己迟早都要安定下来写作。 62.我认为,这几十年里报纸已经成为一种习惯,而不是一种功能。报纸已享有太长时间的 特权,任何变化都会让人们难以接受。实际上,我不知道近 20 年里还有哪种媒体的变化像 日报那样小。反对变化就是停止发展,进而使报纸失去作用。 河南自考报名网址:http://www.zdzyedu.com 第四套试卷 全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目除外),请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上 Ⅰ. The followingparagraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressionsmarked A to Y. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences andwrite the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression foreach blank only. (25 points,1 point for each) One of the best currentexamples of what Horowitz is talking 1 is John Denver. His most 2 songs—“Sunshineon My Shoulders”, “RockyMountain High”, and “Country Road”— 3 the musical drive and power of 4 rock, while the lyrics celebrate thesimple 5 of“thegood old days”. It is all symbolized inmy mind by the hugely successful art 6 that television has made 7 to the culture, the 30-second commercial:the tiny drama of the 8 housewife who finds happiness 9 choosing the right toothpaste. When beforein human history has so much humanity 10 surrendered so much of its leisure to onetoy, one mass diversion? They had no 11 of comparison and assumed that this was a 12 of his class, just as a traveler steppingoff the liner at a foreign 13 for luncheon sums up a nation’s characterforever in the 14 businessman who happens to 15 the table with him. Each week, for example, a record of the salesresults of the 16 week for each sales office and for Sales Department as a 17 for each division of the company is keptand 18 to the sales results for the 19 week of the year 20 . But by and large thenews reports and commentaries on CBS and NBC and ABC make every 21 to present viewers with more than one 22 of an issue, either by letting 23 spokesmen have their 24 or by outlining the positions held by bothmajor parties on the subject 25 . A.folk F.preceding K.compared P.effort B.means G.joys L.share Q.collectively C.form H.in M.characteristic R.about D.combine I.corresponding N.notable S.involved E.before J.central O.opposing T.port

U.say

V.aspect

W.whole

X.earnest

Y.wily

II. Each of the following sentences is given four choices of words orexpressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and write thecorresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point for each) 26. New books were displayed in a ______position on tables at the front of the shop. A. prominent B.preeminent C. dominant D.relevant 27. The government is trying to ______ thepeople into thinking that a war is necessary. A. inspire B.poison C. adopt D.brainwash 28. You need to demonstrate to the examinersthat you have more than a(n) ______ understanding of the text. A. actual B.factual C. literal D.literary 29. Such ______ of the facts cannot beallowed to go unchallenged. A. distortion B.disturbance C. distraction D.distribution 30. Cutting the bush back in the autumn willhelp promote ______ growth in the spring. A. violent B.virtual C. vigorous D.visual 31. In this story, the clever little fox______ the hunters and escapes from the trap they set. A. outweighs B.outwits C. outnumbers D.outgrows 32. The British ______ time, effort and hugesums of money on pets. A. lavish B.grant C. provide D.supply 33. The fortunes of the major politicalparties tend to ______ and flow over time. A. halt B.fall C. ebb D.fly 34. I’m tired of listening to her ______ thevirtues of her children. A. exposing B.explaining C. extending D.extolling 35.There will be a mass ______ to the seaside, the countryside and foreign holidaydestinations during summer vacation. A. departure B.inflow C. evasion D.exodus 36. John was angry when the boss said thathis proposal was completely ______. A. disposable B.dismissible C. unapproachable D.unavoidable 37. Lack of sleep has ______ herconcentration. A. deconstructed B.impaired C. demonstrated D.repaired 38. He had long held a(n) ______ fascinationwith the horrors of contemporary warfare. A. arbitrary B.mortal

C. morbid D.courteous 39. The government replaced the narrow streetwith a wide ______ with the funds raised. A. lane B.path C. boulevard D.trail 40. Like so many politicians, he had an______ appetite for power. A. innumerable B.inseparable C. insufferable D.insatiable Read the following passage carefully andcomplete the succeeding three items III, IV, V. ANC Reform: Alaska NativesBattle for Change (1) Theygathered in an office building behind closed doors, a dozen executives ofAlaska native corporations (ANCs) considering how to proceed in the face ofthreats to a government program that had given them a shortcut to billions inincome from federal contracts. For years, the leaders of ANCs had maintained aunited front of support for the ANC program, despite news accounts and auditsthat turned up allegations of abuses. (2) In August2009, just weeks after an especially critical congressional hearing,officials from three of the ANCs proposed amajor break in the long-held habit of keeping native problems to themselves.They wanted the group to acknowledge the problems and adopt radical reforms.The room went silent when the officials announced their key proposal: a cap oncontracts that would end their ability to get deals of any size withoutcompetition. (3) “The reaction was surprisingly muted, said a person who was there that day whospoke on the ” condition of anonymity because of the nature of the meeting.“It was obvious there wasdiscomfort, but no one raised their voices or pounded the table.” (4) Oneof the reformers, Tara Sweeney, a vice president at Arctic Slope based inBarrow, said in a recent interview that advocating a position with implied criticismof Alaska natives was “not an easy path to take.” But she said that she andothers could not stand by and do nothing. “We need to do the right thing,” she said. (5)Executives at Doyon Limited and Cook Inlet Region Inc. joined those at ArcticSlope in calling for fundamental changes in the program, which has opened theway for $29 billion to Alaska native corporations over the past decade, most ofit through set-aside deals or contracts awarded without competition. (6) In aproposal handed over to the Small Business Administration (SBA) last month, thethree companies called for better tracking and reporting of benefits to Alaskanative shareholders and their communities. They reiterated their callfor limits on the size of contracts awarded without competition, requiringadditional justification for contracts of more than $100 million. They calledfor new limits on how ANC subsidiaries could operate and for better enforcement“of program rules to ensure the integrity” of small-business contracting. (7) “Ourproposed reforms will improve the program by increasing accountability, decreasingthe potential for abuse while continuing to encourage the growth of sustainablebusinesses that raise the standard of living for Alaska native people,” the three reformers said in a letter to the SBA. (8) Inthe Alaska native community, the proposals are a source of intense, debate. (9) SarahLukin, executive director of the Native American Contractors Association; said theANC program as it currently is benefits Alaska natives and taxpayers. She saidthe three reformers, who are not members of her association, “can afford to do business” without the set-aside program becauseof their natural resources and real estate holdings.

(10)Lukin said critics have taken ANC problems out of context, ignoring the fact thatthe same issues, such as the use of contracts without competition, are widespreadacross the government. “The scrutiny on ANCs is disproportionate,” she said. (11) An unlikely set of allies has joined thereformers. (12) In an interview, Sen. Lisa Murkowski, oneof the most adamant ANC boosters, applauded the idea of more transparency andaccountability. “In order to continue the good forwhich this program was intended, we have to pursue the reforms that allow forappropriate oversight, ”she said. “I have defended this program, butI do not defend the program unconditionally.” (13) Sen. Claire McCaskill, chairman of acontracting oversight subcommittee that held the ANC hearing last year, saidthe contracting privileges ought to be rescinded altogether. “If you reallyunderstand what is going on with Alaska native corporations, your heart breaksfor the many poor natives who are suffering still. They’re being used,” shesaid. “Two groups of people are gettingscrewed by the program. Many Alaska natives who are not getting their fairshare, and the American taxpayers.” (14) She suggested that the governmentmake direct payments to the native shareholders. “I would much prefer thatthe American government help Alaska natives directly than through ridiculouslyover-priced, noncompete government contracts,”she said. (15) Sheri Buretta, chairman of the board ofthe Chugach Corp., said that the government needs to keep giving ANCs room toimprove and grow. “There’s no doubt in my mind there are abuses.” Until now, native executives have beenafraid to speak up because of fears “it will be used against us. We’re tryingas hard as we can,” she said. “It’s an evolutionary process.” III. In this section, there areten incomplete statements or questions, followed by four choices marked A, B, Cand D. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your AnswerSheet. (20 points, 2 points for each) 41. The purpose of the ANC program reforms isto ______. A. encourage the growth of sustainablebusinesses B. compete with large joint ventures C. enhance taxpayers’ confidence in ANCs D. get deals of any size without competition 42. The officials of Alaska nativecorporations gathered to ______. A. discuss the reform proposals B. find ways to help native Alaska people C. improve corporate competition D. protest against the Pentagon 43. Themain proposal of officials from three of the ANCs is to ______. A. acknowledgethe problems and call for federal support B. keepnative problems to themselves C. limitthe size of contracts D. standby and do nothing 44. The word “anonymity” in the thirdparagraph means ______. A. holding a negative attitude B.calling for public attention C. keeping one’s name untold D.holding back one’s opinions 45. The corporation headquartered in Barrowis ______. A. Doyon Limited B.Cook Inlet Region Inc.

C. Chugach Corp. D.Arctic Slope 46. The word “reiterated” in the sixthparagraph means ______. A. responded B.reviewed C. reconsidered D.restated 47. In the ninth paragraph, Sarah Lukin’sattitude toward the reform proposals is ______. A. tolerant B.supportive C. negative D.conservative 48. The word “disproportionate” in the tenthparagraph means ______. A. unfair B.unknown C. undone D.uneasy 49.According to Sen. Claire McCaskill, the victims of the ANC program are ______. A.Alaska officials and corporation executives B. American officials and Alaska taxpayers C. Alaska natives and American taxpayers D. American citizens and corporationexecutives 50. The sentence “It’s an evolutionaryprocess.” in the fifteenth paragraph implies that ______. A. it takes courage B.it takes time C. it is an easy path to take D.it is the right thing to do IV. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write thetranslation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each) 51. Itwas obvious there was discomfort, but no one raised their voices or pounded thetable. 52. Inthe Alaska native community, the proposals are a source of intense debate. 53. In order tocontinue the good for which this program was intended, we have to pursue thereforms that allow for appropriate oversight. 54. If you reallyunderstand what is going on with Alaska native corporations, your heart breaks for the many poor nativeswho are suffering still. 55. Shesuggested that the government make direct payments to the native shareholders. V. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words.Write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points) 56. What is yourattitude to reforms? Illustrate your point of view with one or more appropriateexamples. VI. Translate the following sentences intoEnglish and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 pointseach for 57-60, 4 points for 61, 8 points for 62) 57.一个致力于在少数特定地区增加个人财富的政府系统永远不会为公众谋求利益。 58.黑人区至少不再满足于其美国城区私生子的地位。 59.男人可以用报纸作为屏障与妻子隔开。 60.当年医生出于对个人自由的坚定不移的尊重而不去杀害健康的、渴望活下去的人们。 61.首先,作为防止无聊的手段,工作是可取的。因为与终日无所事事百无聊赖相比,从事 必要而乏味的工作所感受的无聊就算不了什么了。 62.亚裔美国老人是这样一种公众印象的牺牲品:他们有家人的独立照顾,因此不需要外界 帮助。然而来到这个国家的亚裔美国入的移民模式、文化障碍、语言障碍、语言问题和他们 遭遇的歧视,都给这些老人及其家人带来伤害。 第五套试卷 全部题目用英文作答(英译汉题目除外),请将答案填在答题纸相应位置上

I. The followingparagraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to Y. Choosethe one that best completes each of the sentences and write the correspondingletter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (25points, 1 point for each) This strategy also has ancient antecedents.Ever since civilization began,certain 1 have tried to run away from it in hopesof finding a simpler, more 2 ,andmore peaceful life. Unlike the dropouts,they are not 3 . They are willing to support themselvesand to 4 something to the general community, but they simply don’t like the environment of civilization; thatis, the city, with all its 5 and tension. I had the lonely child’s habit of 6 stories and holding conversations with 7 persons,and I think from the very start my literary ambitions were mixed up with thefeeling of being isolated and 8 . I knew that I had a facility with wordsand a power of facing 9 facts,and I felt that this created a sort of private world in which I could get myown back for my 10 in everyday life. Only two people shared her “special”seat: a fine old man in a velvet coat,his hands 11 over a huge carved walking-stick, and a big old woman, sitting 12 ,with a roll of knitting on her embroidered apron. They did not speak. This was 13 ,for Miss Brill always looked forward 14 the conversation. She had become reallyquite 15 , thought, at listening as she though she didn’t listen,at sitting in other people’slives just for a minute while they talked round her. Our research shows that no company cansucceed today by trying to be all things to all people. It must instead findthe 16 value that it alone can deliver to achosen market. We have identified three distinct value 17 ,so called because each discipline produces a different kind of 18 value. Choosing one discipline tomaster does not mean that a company 19 the other two, only that it picks a dimension of value onwhich to 20 its market reputation over the long term. The value of snobbery in general, its humanistic “point”,consists in its power to 21 activity. A society with plenty ofsnobberies is like a dog with plenty of 22 : it is not likely to become comatose.Every snobbery demands of its devotees 23 efforts,a succession of sacrifices. The society-snob must be perpetually lion-hunting;the modernity-snob can never rest 24 trying to be up-to-date. Swiss doctorsand the Best that has been thought or said must be the daily and nightlypreoccupation of all the snobs respectively of 25 and culture. A.making up B.unique C.upright D.customer E.ugliness F.disciplines G. imaginary H.parasites I.to J.stake K.fleas

L.clasped M.disease N.disappointing O.failure P.individuals Q.expert R.undervalued S.contribute T.abandons U.unceasing V.pastoral W.from X.stimulate Y.unpleasant

II. Each of thefollowing sentences is given four choices of words or expressions. Choose theright one to complete the sentence and write the corresponding letter on yourAnswer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point foreach) 26. What you say is far ______ from what yousaid before. A. moved B.removed C. proved D.disproved 27. There will be live ______ of the concerton TV and radio. A. transaction B.transition C. transmission D.transportation 28. The first priority for a government is toenable its citizens to live in peace and ______ . A.tranquility B.altitude C. complexity D.attitude 29. The pianist was ______ with the mostextravagant applause from the audience. A. loaded B.burdened C. pressed D.weighed 30. The problem of poverty didn’t ______itself until the earthquake. A.manifest B.demonstrate C. emerge D.exhibit 31. They got their just ______ when thescheme was finally uncovered. A. desert B.dessert C. deserts D.desserts 32. The tail of the whale ______ their boatand they all fell into water. A. plucked B.flicked C. pecked D.flapped 33. In time of prosperity, friends will be plenty; in time of ______ , not one among twenty. A. dilemma B.adversity C. insomnia D.deadlock 34. He refused to ______ of such a solutionto his problem.

A. deceive B.receive C. conceive D.perceive 35. He felt proud to proclaim that he knewonly English and somehow ______ of his native culture. A. contemporary B.temporary C. contemptuous D.contemptible 36. There is a growing recognition that weshould abolish racial ______. A. segregation B.separation C. integration D.evaporation 37. It is desirable to ______ the chemicalsbefore the plant is seriously damaged. A. splash B.spill C. pour D.spray 38. I didn’t expect him to descend to ______abuse. A. common B.personal C. ordinary D.individual 39. Make a phone call if you are wishing torenew your ______ to our magazine. A. contribution B.distribution C. subscription D.attribution 40. He began to ______ as the intense coldpervaded the room. A. shake B.quake C. jerk D.shiver Read the following passagecarefully and complete the succeeding three items III, IV, V. (1) “Duringthe whole of a dull, dark and soundless day in theautumn of the year, when the clouds hung oppressivelylow in the heavens, I had been passing alone, on horseback,through a singularly dreary tract of country; and at length found myself, as the shades of the evening drew on, within view of the melancholy House ofUsher.” Thus Edgar Allan Poe opened hisstory of “The Fall of the House of Usher” in 1839. In this beautifully craftedsentence he captured so much that is essential to the horror story—darkness, ominous solitude, foreboding calm, apprehension and uncertainty, and a deep feeling of melancholy that couldsoon turn to fear. (2) Many kinds of fiction are self-explanatory:mysteries, westerns, love stories,spy thrillers, and science fiction definethemselves by the terms used to name them. The horror story is less easilydefined, perhaps because other types offiction so often use the trappings of terror to enhance their plots. Charles Dickens used the vehicleof an old-fashioned ghost Story to tell “AChristmas Carol”, but that book is not a horrorstory. Nor does a Grimm brothers fairy tale such as “H? nsel and Gretel,” with its child-devouring witch, belong to the genre. (3) The nature of the horror story is bestindicated by the title of the 1990s television series Tales from the Dark Side. Human beings have always acknowledgedthat there is evil in the world and a dark side to human nature that cannot beexplained except perhaps in religious terms. This evil may be imagined ashaving an almost unlimited power to inspire anxiety, fear, dread, and terror in addition to doingactual physical and mental harm. (4) In the tale of horror quite ordinarypeople are confronted by something unknown and fearful, which can be neither understood norexplained in reasonable terms. It is the emphasis on the unreasonable that liesat the heart of horror stories. (5) This kind of literature arose in the 18thcentury at the start of a movement called Romanticism.

The movement was areaction against a rational,ordered world in which humanity was basically good and everything could beexplained scientifically. The literary type that inspired the horror story isGothic fiction,tales of evil,often set in sinister medieval surroundings.This original kind of horror fiction has persisted to the present. An early20th-century master of the type was H.P. Lovecraft, most of whose stories appeared in themagazine Weird Tales. A more recentwriter was Stephen King,author of Carrie (1974), The Shining (1977), Pet Sematary (1984), Misery (1987),and Rose Madder (1995). (6) Much horror literature is grounded insuperstition, fear of demons, and the dread of death. No single tale brings all of theseelements together so well as the vampire legend,an ancient folk superstition. The vampire is described as undead, an entombed individual who rises eachnight to feed on the blood of the living. In literature its best representationis Dracula (1897) by Bram Stoker. Thelegend was retold in Interview with theVampire (1976) by Anne Rice. The Dracula story was eagerly taken up byHollywood in the 1931 film that starred Bela Lugosi,and numerous movies on the theme have beenmade since. (7) Similar to the vampire legend is thestory of the wolfman, the human being under a curse who turns into a half man, half wolf presumably when the moon is full. This creature prowls around, devouring animals, people,or corpses, but he returns to human form byday. As with Dracula, the wolfman became a popularsubject for movies, beginning with The Werewolfof London (1935) and the wolfman films of the 1940s. According to onesuperstition the werewolf,after being killed, turns into a vampire. (8) The belief that the dead can return tohaunt and harm the living has long been an element of fiction. Ghoststories are at least as old as the Bible: in the Old Testament, King Saul calls up the ghost of Samuel toforetell the outcome of a battle. In Shakespeare’sHamlet,the ghost of the slain king provides the information from which Hamletplots revenge for his father’smurder. One of the masters of the modern ghost story was Ambrose Bierce, some of whose stories were collected in Ghost and Horror Stories of Ambrose Bierce(1964). A variation on the ghost theme is the haunted house, about which hundreds of stories have beenwritten. (9) Between the vampires and the ghosts arecreatures called the living dead and zombies who return from the grave todevour the living. Hollywood celebrated this story in Night of the Living Dead (1968) and other films. In literature oneof the best examples is the intriguing book TheBeast with Five Fingers (1928; film version 1946) by W.F. Harvey. It is thestory of a severed hand that goes on living after its owner dies. The movie Friday the 13th (1980) and its sequelsalso used the revived corpse as villain. In the 1986 film Trick or Treat,a dead rock music star is called back to life. III. In thissection, there areten incomplete statements or questions, followed byfour choices marked A, B, C andD. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your AnswerSheet. (20 points, 2 points for each) 41. In the first paragraph, Edgar Allan Poe’s story is quoted to show ______. A. how beautiful his writing is B. what a horror story is like C. He was good at writing horror stories D. His stories are dark and mysterious 42. The word “ominous” in the first paragraphmeans ______. A. foreshadowing evil B.foretelling luck

C. forecasting rain D.forbearing pain 43. “Many kinds of fiction areself-explanatory” in the second paragraph means ______. A. they target ordinary readers B. they are easy to understand C. their categories show what they areabout D. they often employ horror to develop theirplots 44. The most important element that makes ahorror story is ______. A. uncertainty B.suspension C. irrationality D.superstition 45. The assumption behind horror stories isthat ______. A. humanity is evil in nature B. humanity is basically good C. humanity can be taught to be good D. humanity can be explained 46. The word “entombed” in the sixthparagraph means ______. A. wicked B.fainted C. wounded D.buried 47. The word “slain” in the eighth paragraphmeans ______. A. captured B.killed C. bitten D.beaten 48. Stories of haunted houses deal with thetheme of ______. A. vampires B.zombies C. werewolves D.ghosts 49. A typical example of a zombie story is______. A. Carrie B.The Beast with Five Fingers C. Dracula D.The Werewolf of London 50. The purpose of this passage is to ______. A. persuade B.inform C. entertain D.reason IV. Translate thefollowing sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your AnswerSheet. (10 points, 2 pointsfor each) 51. The horror story is less easily defined, perhaps because other types of fiction sooften use the trappings of terror to enhance their plots. 52. Human beings have always acknowledgedthat there is evil in the world and a dark side to human nature that cannot beexplained except perhaps in religious terms. 53. Much horror literature is grounded insuperstition, fear of demons, and the dread of death. 54. Similar to the vampire legend is thestory of the wolfman, the human being under a curse whoturns into a half man, half wolf presumably when themoon is full. 55. The belief that the dead can return tohaunt and harm the living has long been an element of fiction. V. Answer thefollowing essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your answers onthe Answer Sheet. (10 points)

56. Do you like horror stories? Why or whynot? VI. Translate thefollowing sentences into English and write the translation on your AnswerSheet. (20 points, 2 pointseach for 57-60, 4 points for 61, 8 points for 62) 57.我很擅长这些欺骗伎俩,虽然我不能每次都骗得了自己。 58.我同意我们的食物有营养,而且我们大多数人的饮食是均衡的。 59.但我还没有放弃找到加速入睡的办法的希望。 60.我认为对于知识的追求主要源于对权力的热爱,而所有科技上的进步亦是如此。 61.老年生活既不是本来就痛苦,也不是本来就美满的。它和生活的每个阶段一样,有自己 的问题、欢乐、恐惧和潜力。 62.这个国家的一切——社会结构、家庭组织形式、经济、国际地位——变得更加复杂,而 不是更加简单。然而,其占主导地位的传播工具,作为国家的主要连接纽带,却对通常难以 解决的人类问题向人们兜售简单的解决方案。 河南自考报名网址:http://www.zdzyedu.com

以上考题有河南自考助学网:http://www.zdzyedu.com 作者陈老师整理


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