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定语从句学案名词性从句学案


定语从句复习导学案
学习目标:理解定语从句相关的概念如先行词,关系词;学会正确使用关系词。 学习重点:通过完成导学案,掌握关系词的正确应用;通过链接高考,明确这一考试重点。 Ⅰ.1) 先行词:先行出现,被后面定语从句所修饰的名词或代词 2)连词(即关系词)功能:1 连接主从句 2 指代先行词 3 在从句中充当成分 关系___词 _____________________

指人 ________ 指物 ________ *这四个关系代词做从句中的宾语时可以省略 人/物的 _______ ( sb’s/ sth’s 做从句中的定语) 正如 ______ (例如:____we all know?, so/ ____/the _____....as) 关系___词 _________________________ 地点 _________ 时间 _________ 原因 _________ 1. (江苏 2004)______ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. A. Which B. When C. What D. As 2. It’s such a heavy stone _____ no one can lift it. (____引导________从句,不充当成分。) 3. It’s such a heavy stone _____ no one can lift. (____引导_______从句,充当主语、宾语。 ) 4. I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life. A. when; who B. that; which C. which; that D. when; which 5. (NMET1996)After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town ______he grew up as a child. A. which B. where C. that D. when Ⅱ 只用 that 不用 which 的情况 *该部分作为基础有必要了解,但不做高考重点考察内容 1).当先行词既有人又有物时,定语从句由 that 引导。 2).先行词相关于不定代词(被不定代词修饰或本身是不定代词。如 all, every, any, no, none, some, few, little, much, -thing 等) 。 3).先行词被 the only , the very ,the last 修饰。 4). 先行词被 the+序数词/形容词最高级修饰或本身是 the+序数词/形容词最高级。 5). 主句是以 which 或 who 开头的特殊疑问句,避免重复。 6. They will never forget the things and persons _____they’ve seen or heard of during their long journey. A. which B. that C. whom D. what 7. I'm interested in ______you have said. A. all that B. all what C. that D. all which 8. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn? A. that B. / C. which D. it Ⅲ 只用 which 不用 that 1). 关系代词引导_______性定语从句(*which 引导非限制性定语从句不可置于句首;as 则 可以,位置灵活) 2). 介词+关系代词 指人 ________ 指物 ________ sb’s / sth’s ________ 特例:________ where *接在介词后的关系词不可省略

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9. (浙江 2005)Jim passed the driving test, ____ surprised everybody in the office. A.which B.that C.this D.it 10. (江苏 2004)______ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. A. Which B. When C. What D. As 11. (2008 陕西卷) The man pulled out a gold watch, __________ were made of small diamonds. A. the hands of whom B. whom the hands of C. which the hands of D. the hands of which 12.(2007 北京卷)We shouldn’t spend our money testing so many people, most of _____are healthy A. that B. which C. what D. whom 13. (天津 2005)Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from ____ effects the people are still suffering. A. that B. whose C. those D. what 14.(2007 安徽卷) Last week, only two people came to look at the house, _______ wanted to buy it. A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom Ⅳ.1). the way _____________ 注意:此时从句中缺____语;缺主宾语用__________ 15. (湖北 2004)What surprised me was not what he said but ________ he said it. A.the way B.in the way that C.in the way D.the way which * 16. The way ______he did it was different ________ we were used to. A. /; in which B. which; in what C./ ; from what D. that; from which 2). the reason why … is that… The reason why / for which 从句缺少_________ The reason that/which 从句缺少__________ 17. —The reason ____ he has been such a success is that he never gives up. —I believe so. A. when B. where C. how D. why 18. I certainly can’t accept the reason _____ you gave me for your being late. Actually the traffic was perfect this morning. A. why B. that C. what D. as Ⅴ . where 先 行 词 不 止 可 以 是 表 _______ 的 名 词 , 还 可 以 是 _______, _________, ________position, stage ,system, activity 等,前提是这些词在从句中充当_____成分。 19.(2007 江西卷)After graduation she reached a point in her career _____she needed to decide what to do. A. that B. what C. which D. where 20.—Do you have anything to say for yourselves? —Yes, there’s one point ____we must insist on. A. why B. where C. how D. / Ⅵ 定从中的主谓一致 1) 从句中的谓语动词应与__________的形式保持一致 2) 当先行词有 one of 修饰,从句谓语用_____数,有 the only one of 修饰,谓语用____ 数。 21. This is one of the best films _______. A. that have been shown this year B. that have shown C. that has been shown this year D. that you talked Ⅶ 思考 1. 定从的关系词有没有 what ? 2. 引导非限制性定从只能用 which 吗? 3. 何时关系代词可以省略?怎样确定“介词+关系代词”中的介词? 4. 时间、地点名词做先行词,关系词只能用 when/where 吗?

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2011 高考定语从句真题
1. The prize will go to the writer ____ story shows the most imagination.(全国卷,第 31 题) A. that B. which C. whose D. what 2. The school shop, ______ customers are mainly students, is closed for the holidays.(四川卷, 第 17 题) A. which B. whose C. when D. where 3. She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students _____ allows them to communicate freely with each other.(福建卷,第 24 题) A. which B where C. what D. who 4. The old town has narrow streets and small houses____ are built close to each other.(山东卷, 第 32 题) A. they B. where C. what D. that 5. She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction _____ had taken more than three years.(江西卷,第 34 题) A. for which B. with which C. of which D. to which 6. Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others, _____, of course, made all the others upset.(北京卷,第 26 题) A. who B. which C. what D. that 7. Julie was good at German, French and Russian, all of ____ she spoke fluently.(湖南卷,第 25 题) A. who B. whom C. which D. that 8. Whatever is left over may be put into the refrigerator, _____ it will be kept for two or three weeks.(安徽卷,第 28 题) A. when B. which C. where D. while 9. I walked up to the top of the hill with my friends, _____ we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake. (陕西卷,第 11 题) A. which B. where C. who D. that 10. The days are gone ________ physical strength was all you needed to make a living. A. when B. that C. where D. which 11. Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, ____ the audience can buy ice-cream. (江 苏卷,第 24 题) A. when B. where C. that D. which 12. English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, each of ___ uses it somewhat differently.(浙江卷,第 8 题) A. which B. what C. them D. those 13. Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt, ______ is a stupid thing to do in such weather. (全国卷 II 7) A. this B. that C. what D. which 14. A bank is the place _____ they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it begins to rain. (浙江卷 10) A. when B. that C. where D. there 15. You’ll find taxis waiting at the bus station _____ you can hire to reach your host family.(上海 卷 39) A. which B. where C. when D. as

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名词性从句复习导学案
在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词从句 (Noun Clauses)。 名词从句的功能相当于名 词词组, 它在复合句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语、介词宾语等,因此根据它在句中 不同的语法功能,名词从句又可分别称为___________、 、 和 。 一、引导名词性从句的连接词 引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类: 1. 连词:_______(无意义, 不充当成分) _____, ___________(“是否”) ________/__________(“好像”,“似乎”) 2. 连接代词:_______, _______, _______, _______, _______,及疑问词+_____所构 成的缩合词等,(在从句中充当主语、宾语及定语成分) 3. 连接副词:______, _______, _______, _______(在从句中充当状语) 考点:主要是连接词,还会考到宾从的时态、语序,以及涉到某些词相关的从句用 should+动词原形构成虚拟语气的情况。 二. 主语从句 1、作句子主语的从句叫主语从句(除 if 一般都可引导主从)。 1. ______ he wants to tell us is not clear. 他要跟我们说什么,还不清楚。 2. _______ will win the match is still unknown. 谁能赢得这场比赛还不得而知。 3. ______ is known to us how he became a writer. 我们都知道他是如何成为一名作 家的。 4. _______ the English evening will be held has not yet been announced. 英语晚会将 在哪里举行,还没有宣布。 2、whether 与 if 均为"______"的意思。在选项中同时出现则选_______。但只有 if 翻译为_____,whether 无此意。(只用 whether 不用 if 的情况:1.引导主、表、同位语从 句或在句首 2.作介词宾语从句 3. 从句后有"or not" 4. whether+ to do 5. 做 discuss、 decide 等词的宾语从句) 1. _________he will come is not clear. 2. _______there is life on the moon is an interesting question. 3. The question is _______she should have a low opinion of the test? 4. Everything depends on ________we have enough money. 5. I wonder _______ he will come or not. 6. Can you tell me _______ to go or to stay? 3、大部分连接词引导的主语从句都可以置于句末,用_____充当形式主语。 1. ______is not important who will go. 2. It is still unknown ________ team will win the match. 4、另注意在主语从句中用来表示惊奇、不相信、惋惜、理应如此等语气时,谓语动词 要用虚拟语气“(should) +do”,常用的句型有: It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc.) that ? It is a pity (a shame, no wonder, etc.) that? It is suggested (requested, proposed, desired, etc.) that? 5、主谓一致,what 引导主从,谓语常用单数;如果表复数概念则用复数谓语。 1. What I want to know ______ this. 2. What we need _____ books. 三、宾语从句 用作宾语的从句叫宾语从句。 引导宾语从句的关联词与引导主语从句表语从句的关联词 大致一样,在句中可以作_______词或_____词及非谓语动词的宾语。

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We must never think ( __ ) we are good in everything while others are good in nothing. 1、宾从要注意_______和________. 1. I know (that) he ____________ English next year.(study) 2. The teacher told us that Tom _________ us for America the day before.(leave) 3. I want to know what _____told you. (A. he has B. has he ) 4. She always thinks of how _____ work well.(A . can she B. she can ) 2、注意:在 demand、order、suggest、decide、insist, desire, request, command 等 表示要求、命令、建议、决定等意义的动词后,宾语从句常用“(should)+ 动词原形”的 虚拟语气。(该点适用于各种名词性从句。)例如: 1. I insist that she _________her work alone. (do) 2. The commander ordered that troops __________ at once.(set off) 4、特殊的宾从:当宾从的引导词为疑问词,且主句中谓语动词为 think,say, guess, suppose 等时,经常将疑问词放到句首,主句为疑问语序,宾从仍为陈述语序。 1. Who do you think ______to the party? A. will he invite B. he will invite 2. Which _________he would take? A. did you say B. you said 3. I don’t know what was the matter with the machine. 四、表语从句 在句中作表语的从句叫表语从句,放在系动词 seem, look, appear, sound, taste, feel, remain 等系动词后。(一般不用 if 引导表从。) 1. The fact is _______ we have lost the game. 2. That’s just _______ I want. 3. This is_______ our problem lies. 4. It looks______ it is going to rain. The reason _____.....is ______..... 6. The reason why he was late was______ he missed the train by one minute this morning . 五、 同位语从句 同位语从句说明其前面的名词的具体内容。同位语从句常由 that 等引导(if 不能引 导同位语从),可用于同位语从句的名词有 advice、demand、doubt、fact、hope、idea、 information、 message、 news、 order、 problem、 promise、 question、 request、 suggestion、 truth、wish、word 等。例如: 1. The news _______ we won the game is exciting. 2. I have no idea ______ he will come back home. 3. The thought came to him _______ Mary had probably fallen ill. 4. His explanation ______ he couldn’t see it is unsatisfactory. The story goes…. 六、注意事项 1、名词性从皆用________语序 2、which “__________” 强调在一定范围中的选择性,在句中作主、宾、表、定语。 what “__________”相当于 all that, the thing(s) that, 成分同上。 that 无意义,不充当成分,只起连接作用。 whatever “__________” 相当于 the things that 或 anything that, what 语气强。 比 (想想 whoever) _________was said must be kept secret.

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2011 名词性从句高考真题
1. _______Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness. A. Which B. What C. That D. Whom

2. The shocking news made me realize ________ terrible problems we would face. A. what B. how C. that D. why

3. There is clear evidence ____the most difficult feeling of all to interpret is bodily pain. A. what B. if C. how D. that

4. The message you intend to convey through words may be the exact opposite of _____ others actually understand. A. why B. that C. which D. what 5. I am afraid he’s more of a talker than a doer, which is __ he never finishes anything. A. that B. when C. where D. why 6. We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know______ she’ll accept it. A. where B. what C. whether D. which 7. The villagers have already known ______ we’ll do is to rebuild the bridge. A. this B. that C. what D. which 8. It was never clear _______ the man hadn’t reported the accident sooner. A. that B. how C. when D. why 9. His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out _it is he is trying to express. A. that B. how C. who D. what

10.Our teachers always tell us to believe in ______ we do and who we are if we want to succeed. A. why B. how C. what D. which

11. Twenty students want to attend the class that aims to teach ______ to read fast. A. what B. who C. how D. why

12. When the news came _____ the war broke out, he decided, to serve in the army. A. since B. which C. that D. because

13. Modern science has given clear evidence ______ smoking can lead to many diseases. A. what B. which C. that D. where 14. I’d like to start my own business----that’s ____ I’d do if I had the money. A. why B. when C. which D. what

15. It is still under discussion __________the old bus station should be replaced with a modern hotel or not. A. whether B. when C. which D. where

16. It is not always easy for the public to see _______ use a new invention can be of to human life. A. whose B. what C. which D. that

17. Before a problem can be solved, it must be obvious ______the problem itself is. A. what B. that C. which D. why

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定语从句复习导学案
学习目标:理解定语从句相关的概念如先行词,关系词;学会正确使用关系词。 学习重点:通过完成导学案,掌握关系词的正确应用;通过链接高考,明确这一考试重点。 Ⅰ.1) 先行词:先行出现,被后面定语从句所修饰的名词或代词 2)连词(即关系词)功能:1 连接主从句 2 指代先行词 3 在从句中充当成分 关系___词 _____________________ 指人 ________ 指物 ________ *这四个关系代词做从句中的宾语时可以省略 人/物的 _______ ( sb’s/ sth’s 做从句中的定语) 正如 ______ (例如:____we all know?, so/ ____/the _____....as) 关系___词 _________________________ 地点 _________ 时间 _________ 原因 _________ 1. (江苏 2004)______ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. A. Which B. When C. What D. As 2. It’s such a heavy stone _____ no one can lift it. (____引导________从句,不充当成分。) 3. It’s such a heavy stone _____ no one can lift. (____引导_______从句,充当主语、宾语。 ) 4. I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life. A. when; who B. that; which C. which; that D. when; which 5. (NMET1996)After living in Paris for fifty years he returned to the small town ______he grew up as a child. A. which B. where C. that D. when Ⅱ 只用 that 不用 which 的情况 *该部分作为基础有必要了解,但不做高考重点考察内容 1).当先行词既有人又有物时,定语从句由 that 引导。 2).先行词相关于不定代词(被不定代词修饰或本身是不定代词。如 all, every, any, no, none, some, few, little, much, -thing 等) 。 3).先行词被 the only , the very ,the last 修饰。 4). 先行词被 the+序数词/形容词最高级修饰或本身是 the+序数词/形容词最高级。 5). 主句是以 which 或 who 开头的特殊疑问句,避免重复。 6. They will never forget the things and persons _____they’ve seen or heard of during their long journey. A. which B. that C. whom D. what 7. I'm interested in ______you have said. A. all that B. all what C. that D. all which 8. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn? A. that B. / C. which D. it Ⅲ 只用 which 不用 that 1). 关系代词引导_______性定语从句(*which 引导非限制性定语从句不可置于句首;as 则 可以,位置灵活) 2). 介词+关系代词 指人 ________ 指物 ________ sb’s / sth’s ________ 特例:________ where *接在介词后的关系词不可省略

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9. (浙江 2005)Jim passed the driving test, ____ surprised everybody in the office. A.which B.that C.this D.it 10. (江苏 2004)______ is often the case, we have worked out the production plan. A. Which B. When C. What D. As 11. (2008 陕西卷) The man pulled out a gold watch, __________ were made of small diamonds. A. the hands of whom B. whom the hands of C. which the hands of D. the hands of which 12.(2007 北京卷)We shouldn’t spend our money testing so many people, most of _____are healthy A. that B. which C. what D. whom 13. (天津 2005)Last month, part of Southeast Asia was struck by floods, from ____ effects the people are still suffering. A. that B. whose C. those D. what 14.(2007 安徽卷) Last week, only two people came to look at the house, _______ wanted to buy it. A. none of them B. both of them C. none of whom D. neither of whom Ⅳ.1). the way _____________ 注意:此时从句中缺____语;缺主宾语用__________ 15. (湖北 2004)What surprised me was not what he said but ________ he said it. A.the way B.in the way that C.in the way D.the way which * 16. The way ______he did it was different ________ we were used to. A. /; in which B. which; in what C./ ; from what D. that; from which 2). the reason why … is that… The reason why / for which 从句缺少_________ The reason that/which 从句缺少__________ 17. —The reason ____ he has been such a success is that he never gives up. —I believe so. A. when B. where C. how D. why 18. I certainly can’t accept the reason _____ you gave me for your being late. Actually the traffic was perfect this morning. A. why B. that C. what D. as Ⅴ . where 先 行 词 不 止 可 以 是 表 _______ 的 名 词 , 还 可 以 是 _______, _________, ________position, stage ,system, activity 等,前提是这些词在从句中充当_____成分。 19.(2007 江西卷)After graduation she reached a point in her career _____she needed to decide what to do. A. that B. what C. which D. where 20.—Do you have anything to say for yourselves? —Yes, there’s one point ____we must insist on. A. why B. where C. how D. / Ⅵ 定从中的主谓一致 1) 从句中的谓语动词应与__________的形式保持一致 2) 当先行词有 one of 修饰,从句谓语用_____数,有 the only one of 修饰,谓语用____ 数。 21. This is one of the best films _______. A. that have been shown this year B. that have shown C. that has been shown this year D. that you talked Ⅶ 思考 1. 定从的关系词有没有 what ? 2. 引导非限制性定从只能用 which 吗? 3. 何时关系代词可以省略?怎样确定“介词+关系代词”中的介词? 4. 时间、地点名词做先行词,关系词只能用 when/where 吗?

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2011 高考定语从句真题
1. The prize will go to the writer ____ story shows the most imagination.(全国卷,第 31 题) A. that B. which C. whose D. what 2. The school shop, ______ customers are mainly students, is closed for the holidays.(四川卷, 第 17 题) A. which B. whose C. when D. where 3. She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students _____ allows them to communicate freely with each other.(福建卷,第 24 题) A. which B where C. what D. who 4. The old town has narrow streets and small houses____ are built close to each other.(山东卷, 第 32 题) A. they B. where C. what D. that 5. She showed the visitors around the museum, the construction _____ had taken more than three years.(江西卷,第 34 题) A. for which B. with which C. of which D. to which 6. Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others, _____, of course, made all the others upset.(北京卷,第 26 题) A. who B. which C. what D. that 7. Julie was good at German, French and Russian, all of ____ she spoke fluently.(湖南卷,第 25 题) A. who B. whom C. which D. that 8. Whatever is left over may be put into the refrigerator, _____ it will be kept for two or three weeks.(安徽卷,第 28 题) A. when B. which C. where D. while 9. I walked up to the top of the hill with my friends, _____ we enjoyed a splendid view of the lake. (陕西卷,第 11 题) A. which B. where C. who D. that 10. The days are gone ________ physical strength was all you needed to make a living. A. when B. that C. where D. which 11. Between the two parts of the concert is an interval, ____ the audience can buy ice-cream. (江 苏卷,第 24 题) A. when B. where C. that D. which 12. English is a language shared by several diverse cultures, each of ___ uses it somewhat differently.(浙江卷,第 8 题) A. which B. what C. them D. those 13. Ted came for the weekend wearing only some shorts and a T-shirt, ______ is a stupid thing to do in such weather. (全国卷 II 7) A. this B. that C. what D. which 14. A bank is the place _____ they lend you an umbrella in fair weather and ask for it back when it begins to rain. (浙江卷 10) A. when B. that C. where D. there 15. You’ll find taxis waiting at the bus station _____ you can hire to reach your host family.(上海 卷 39) A. which B. where C. when D. as

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Ⅹ.答案 Ⅰ 连接主从句,指代先行词,在从句中充当成分 关系代词 (主、 which 不做表语) who(m) that which whose as (例如 as we all know, 宾、 so/ _such /the same ....as ) 关系副词(状语) where when why Ⅲ 非限制性; Whom Which whose 特例:from where Ⅳ (that) in which 注意:此时从句中缺 状 语;缺主宾语用 that/which; Ⅴ where 先 行 词 不 止 可以 是 表 地 点 的 名 词 ,还可 以 是 case, situation, point, position, stage ,system, activity 等,前提是这些词在从句中充当状语成分。 Ⅵ 先行词;复;单; Ⅶ 1、没有; 2、不是,除了 that 都可引导非限制性定语从句 3、做从句中的宾语可以省略,但如果放在介词后则不可省略; 介词的选择: 根据①定从中谓语动词的某种习惯搭配 ②主句先行词的某种习惯搭配 4 不是。要根据这些名词在从句中所充当的成分来确定是用关系代词还是关系副词。 Ⅰ—Ⅶ中例题答案 1—5 D(that,that,结果状语) (as,as,定语)DB 6—10 BAAAD 11—15 DDBDA 16—20 CDBDD 高考真题:CBADC BCCBA AADCA 21 A

名词性从句复习导学案答案 在句子中起名词作用的句子叫名词从句 (Noun Clauses)。 名词从句的功能相当于名词词组, 它在复 合句中能担任主语、宾语、表语、同位语、介词宾语等,因此根据它在句中不同的语法功能,名词从句又 可分别称为____主从______、 宾从 、 表从 和 同位语从 。 一、引导名词性从句的连接词 引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类: 1. 连词:___that____(无意义, 不充当成分) ___if__, ______whether_____(“是否”) ____as if____/_____as though_____(“好像”,“似乎”) 2. 连接代词:____what___, ____which___, ____who___, ___whom____, ____whose___,及疑问词 +___ever__所构成的缩合词等,(在从句中充当主语、宾语及定语成分) 3. 连接副词:___when___, ___where____, ____why___, ____how___(在从句中充当状语) 考点:主要是连接词,还会考到宾从的时态、语序,以及涉到某些词相关的从句用 should+动词原形 构成虚拟语气的情况。 二. 主语从句 1、作句子主语的从句叫主语从句(除 if 一般都可引导主从)。 1. ___what___ he wants to tell us is not clear. 他要跟我们说什么,还不清楚。 2. ___who____ will win the match is still unknown. 谁能赢得这场比赛还不得而知。 3. ____it__ is known to us how he became a writer. 我们都知道他是如何成为一名作家的。 4. ____where___ the English evening will be held has not yet been announced. 英语晚会将在 哪里举行,还没有宣布。

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2、whether 与 if 均为"____是否__"的意思。在选项中同时出现则选___whether____。但只有 if 翻译 为___如果__,whether 无此意。(只用 whether 不用 if 的情况:1.引导主、表、同位语从句或在句首 2. 作介词宾语从句 3. 从句后有"or not" 4. whether+ to do 5. 做 discuss、decide 等词的宾语从句) 1. _____whether____he will come is not clear. 2. ___whether____there is life on the moon is an interesting question. 3. The question is ___whether____she should have a low opinion of the test? 4. Everything depends on ____whether____we have enough money. 5. I wonder ____whether___ he will come or not. 6. Can you tell me ___whether____ to go or to stay? 3、大部分连接词引导的主语从句都可以置于句末,用_____充当形式主语。 1. ___it___is not important who will go. 2. It is still unknown ____which____ team will win the match. 4、另注意在主语从句中用来表示惊奇、不相信、惋惜、理应如此等语气时,谓语动词要用虚拟语气 “(should) +do”,常用的句型有: It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc.) that … It is a pity (a shame, no wonder, etc.) that… It is suggested (requested, proposed, desired, etc.) that… 5、主谓一致,what 引导主从,谓语常用单数;如果表复数概念则用复数谓语。 1. What I want to know ___is___ this. 2. What we need ___are__ books. 三、宾语从句 用作宾语的从句叫宾语从句。引导宾语从句的关联词与引导主语从句表语从句的关联词大致一样,在 句中可以作____动___词或___介__词及非谓语动词的宾语。 We must never think ( _that_ ) we are good in everything while others are good in nothing. 1、宾从要注意____时态___和____语序____. 1. I know (that) he ______will study______ English next year.(study) 2. The teacher told us that Tom _____had left____ us for America the day before.(leave) 3. I want to know what __A___told you. (A. he has B. has he ) 4. She always thinks of how __B___ work well.(A . can she B. she can ) 2、注意:在 demand、order、suggest、decide、insist, desire, request, command 等表示要求、命 令、建议、决定等意义的动词后,宾语从句常用“(should)+ 动词原形”的虚拟语气。(该点适用于各种 名词性从句。)例如: 1. I insist that she _____(should ) do____her work alone. (do) 2. The commander ordered that troops ______(should) set off____ at once.(set off) 4、特殊的宾从:当宾从的引导词为疑问词,且主句中谓语动词为 think,say, guess, suppose 等时, 经常将疑问词放到句首,主句为疑问语序,宾从仍为陈述语序。 1. Who do you think ___B___to the party? A. will he invite B. he will invite 2. Which ____A_____he would take? A. did you say B. you said 3. I don’t know what was the matter with the machine. (语序不变) 四、表语从句 在句中作表语的从句叫表语从句,放在系动词 seem, look, appear, sound, taste, feel, remain 等系动 词后。(一般不用 if 引导表从。) 1. The fact is ___that____ we have lost the game. 2. That’s just ___what____ I want. 3. This is____where___ our problem lies. 4. It looks____as if__ it is going to rain. The reason ___why__.....is ___that___..... 6. The reason why he was late was___that___ he missed the train by one minute this morning . 五、 同位语从句 同位语从句说明其前面的名词的具体内容。同位语从句常由 that 等引导(if 不能引导同位语从), 可用于同位语从句的名词有 advice、demand、doubt、fact、hope、idea、information、message、news、 order、problem、promise、question、request、suggestion、truth、wish、word 等。例如: 1. The news ____that___ we won the game is exciting. 2. I have no idea ___when___ he will come back home. 3. The thought came to him ____that___ Mary had probably fallen ill. 4. His explanation ___that___ he couldn’t see it is unsatisfactory. The story goes that …. 六、注意事项 11

1、名词性从皆用____陈述____语序 2、which “_____哪一个_____” 强调在一定范围中的选择性,在句中作主、宾、表、定语。 what “_____所…的”或“什么_____”相当于 all that, the thing(s) that, 成分同上。 that 无意义,不充当成分,只起连接作用。 whatever“_____所……的一切_____”相当于 the things that 或 anything that, what 语气强。 比 (想 想 whoever) _____what/whatever____was said must be kept secret. who "谁",只在从句中做主语,构成疑问句。 whoever "任何…的人",即在主句中充当成分,又在从句中充当成分。强调 "(…的)人".

2011 名词性从句高考真题 1. __________ Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness. A. Which B. What C. That D. Whom 2. The shocking news made me realize ________ terrible problems we would face. A. what B. how C. that D. why 3. There is clear evidence _____ the most difficult feeling of all to interpret is bodily pain. A. what B. if C. how D. that 4. The message you intend to convey through words may be the exact opposite of __ ___ others actually understand. A. why B. that C. which D. what 5. I am afraid he’s more of a talker than a doer, which is ____ he never finishes an ything. A. that B. when C. where D. why 6. We’ve offered her the job, but I don’t know______ she’ll accept it. A. where B. what C. whether D. which 7. The villagers have already known ______ we’ll do is to rebuild the bridge. A. this B. that C. what D. which 8.It was never clear _______ the man hadn’t reported the accident sooner. A. that B. how C. when D. why 9.His writing is so confusing that it’s difficult to make out _____it is he is trying to expr ess. A. that B. how C. who D. what 10. Our teachers always tell us to believe in ______ we do and who we are if we want to succeed. A. why B. how C. what D. which 11. Twenty students want to attend the class that aims to teach ______ to read fast. A. what B. who C. how D. why 12. When the news came _____ the war broke out, he decided, to serve in the army. A. since B. which C. that D. because 13. Modern science has given clear evidence ______ smoking can lead to many disea ses. A. what B. which C. that D. where 14. I’d like to start my own business----that’s ____ I’d do if I had the money. A. why B. when C. which D. what 15. It is still under discussion __________the old bus station should be replaced with a m odern hotel or not. A. whether B. when C. which D. where 16. It is not always easy for the public to see _______ use a new invention can be of to human life. A. whose B. what C. which D. that 17. Before a problem can be solved, it must be obvious ______the problem itself is. A. what B. that C. which D. why BADDD CCDDC CCCDA BA

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