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河北省衡水中学2014届高三下学期期中考试 英语试题含听力 Word版含答案

2013~2014 学年度第二学期高三年级期中考试 英语试卷
本试卷分为第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分, 共 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1.答第一卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考号、考试科目用铅笔涂写在答题卡上。 2.每小题选出答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干 净后,再选涂其它答案标号。

第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分)

第一节: (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅 读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What is the woman probably doing? A. Waiting for her plane. B. Seeing the man off. C. Complaining to the man.

2. What does the woman want to buy? A. Beach blankets. B. Some pictures. C. Some film.

3. Why does the man apologise to the woman? A. He ordered the wrong table. B. He called her by mistake. C. He went to the wrong address. 4. What does the man think is wrong with the plant? A. It needs to be watered at present. B. It should be moved into a large pot. C. It is not getting enough sunshine. 5. What is the man concerned about? A. The time to fix the problem.

B. The problem of the car. C. The way to get home. 第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小 题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. Where are the speakers? A. In the man's office. 7. What is the man complaining about? A. The low salary. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. How much should the man pay in total? A.$115. B.$120. C.$125. B. The heavy work. C. The new boss. B. In a restaurant. C. In the woman's house.

9. What does the woman advise the man to do? A. Think it over before having the pants shortened. B. Have a professional tailor his pants. C. Use a plastic bag to put his pants in. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Why doesn't the woman take the direct flight? A. She wants to visit Chicago. B. It's much more expensive. C. Its time is too early. 11. When does the woman's flight leave? A. On Saturday afternoon. B. On Sunday morning. C. On Sunday evening.

12. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Customer and travel agent. B. Manager and secretary. C. Guide and tourist. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。

13. When will the woman present? A. On September 7. B. On September 8. C. On September 9.

14. What did Rachel and Sam ask about? A. The time of the meeting. B. The information on the hotel. C. The change of the schedule. 15. How will the man get everyone to know the details of the meeting? A. By phone. B. By e-mail. C. By letter.

16. What will the woman do in the morning? A. Write several reports. B. Meet Rachel and Sam. C. Prepare her lunch.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Where was Jean Dunant from? A. Italy. B. Australia. C. Switzerland.

18. Why was the Red Cross started at first? A. To help the wounded in the war. B. To provide food for the poor. C. To fight against the war. 19. What do we know about the red cross? A. It can be used to represent the first aid stations. B. It can only refer to the international organisation. C. It is an official symbol of hospital and medical treatment. 20. What will Mr John Francis talk about next? A. Something about First Aid. B. The law about the Red Cross. C. The Red Cross organisation in Australia.

第二部分: 阅读理解 (共两节, 满分 40 分)

第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。

Taking exams in a large group setting can be stressful for students and for the staff members who are watching over them. When classrooms are crowded and desks are close together, cheating might be tempting. One university in Thailand came up with an anti-cheating hat that makes it almost impossible for students to see other students’ papers. A photo of the students wearing the anti-cheating hats made its way to the Internet, and the university was criticized for making students wear those ridiculous looking homemade hats. The hats were made by stapling two pieces of paper onto a headband, one to each side of the head. After being criticized, senior academic staff at Kasetsart University in Bangkok, Thailand, released a statement saying that the hats idea came from students. They said that in a bid to prevent cheating they asked the students for ideas on how to prevent cheating in the upcoming exam, which was being taken by almost one hundred students. Students came up with different ideas, and then the paper hat idea was selected by them as the most fit. The university claims that no one was forced to use the hat, but they all chose to do so. “When wearing the hat during the exam, students felt more relaxed,” Nattadon Rungruangkitkrai, a lecturer at the university said. “It was not meant to indicate that Kasetsart students often cheat on exams. I apologize if the photo makes other people look at my students in a negative way,” Rungruangkitkrai added. 21. Why was the university criticized on the Internet? A. Wearing the anti-cheating hat made students look ridiculous. B. The homemade anti-cheating hat looked too simple. C. Wearing the anti-cheating hats couldn’t prevent students from cheating in the exam. D. The university forced students to wear the anti-cheating hat. 22. What’s most of the Kasetsart University students’ attitude towards the cheating hat? A. Skeptical B. Supportive C. Objective D. Negative

23. It can be inferred from the passage that_______ A. it’s useless wearing the anti-cheating hat in the exam. B. Kasetsart students are often caught cheating in the exam.

C. wearing the anti-cheating hat is effective to some degree. D. some students are forced to wear the anti-cheating hat.

Italy is one country where beauty is prized more than any other virtue. That is, except in the small town of Piobbico, the self-declared World Capital of Ugly People. The road sign at the edge of the town even warns visitors that they are entering the ugly zone. People who consider themselves ugly have been gathering in Piobbico since the 1960s. That’s when Ugly Club president Telesforo Lacobelli established a dating agency for women who believed they were too ugly to attract husbands. Lacobelli believes that he is ugly himself because he has a short nose in a country where long or large noses have always been considered beautiful. People from around the world travel to Piobbico to tell their sad stories of ugliness. During the annual Festival of the Ugly, which occurs on the first Sunday of every September, hundreds of people gather in Piobbico’s town square to elect the president of the Ugly Club. Lacobelli wins the election every year. The Ugly Club has over 20, 000 members. They carry ID cards that grade their ugliness from bearable to extreme. A prize is awarded to Ugly Club members who qualify as extremely ugly. The Ugly Club president insists that ugliness is a virtue. Since beautiful people get a lot of attention for their beauty alone, they have to work hard to prove their other virtues. Ugly people, on the other hand, are genuine and do not have to prove anything to anybody, according to Lacobelli. Lacobelli is a spokesperson for ugly people everywhere. He believes that the uglier one is, the better life can be. Though the club enjoys making fun of beauty, especially beauty contests, Lacobelli has a serious side as well. He believes that too many people suffer from financial and emotional pressures because they don’t meet society’s standards of beauty. The fact that beautiful people are more successful in the workforce is a problem that Lacobelli has attempted to bring forward to the Italian public and government. 24.Piobbico is rather special in that A. it is a very small town C. it receives no visitors . B. it is home to ugly people D. it is the capital of Italy

25. Why is Lacobelli elected the president of the Ugly Club every year? A. Because he is the ugliest person in the whole world. B. Because his ugliness is always graded as bearable. C. Because he is a spokesperson for ugly people everywhere. D. Because he has won the members’ trust and admiration. 26. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Ugly people are most respected in Italy. B. The Festival of the Ugly is held every two years. C. Ugly people are unfairly treated in society. D. The uglier one is, the better life he or she lives. 27.Which of the following would be the best title for the passage? A. The Ugly Capital of the World C. Festival of the Ugly B. The Ugliest Person of the World D. Beauty Contests Should be Banned

Teaching is more than leadership. Some of the teacher’s time and effort is directed toward instruction, some toward evaluation. But it is the teacher as a group leader who creates an effective organizational structure and good working environment so that instruction and evaluation activities can take place. A group that is totally disorganized, unclear about its goals, or constantly fighting among its members will not be a good learning group. The leadership pattern includes helping to form and maintain a positive learning environment so that instruction and evaluation activities can take place. On the first day of class, the teacher faces a room filled with individuals. Perhaps a few closely united groups and friendships already exist. But there is no sense of group unity, no set of rules for conduct in the group, no feeling of belonging. If teachers are successful leaders, they will help students develop a system of relationships that encourages working together. Standards and rules must be set to keep order, make sure of justice and protect individual rights, but do not contradict school policy. What happens when one student hurts another’s individual rights? Without clear regulations agreeable to the students and teachers, the classroom can become chaotic. Students may break rules they did not know existed. If standards are set

without participation from the class, students may spend a great deal of creative energy in destroying the class environment or finding ways to break rules. No matter how skillful the teacher is in uniting students and creating a positive atmosphere, the task is never complete. Regular maintenance is necessary. Conflicts arise. The needs of individual members change. A new kind of learning task requires a new organizational structure. Sometimes outside pressures such as holidays, upcoming tests or sport competitions, or family troubles cause stress in the classroom. One task for the teacher is to recreate a positive environment by helping students deal with conflict, change, and stress. 28. The underlined word “maintain” in Para.1 probably means_______. A. keep B. build C. recreate D. evaluate

29. According to the author, the teacher should _______. A. free students from outside pressures B. set the standards and rules on his own C. be responsible for a well-organized class D. focus more on instruction and evaluation 30. From the passage we can learn that ______. A. rules cannot be changed once they’re formed B. outside pressures can not cause tension among students C. if the teacher well unites his students, he then will finish his task D. if rules are not acceptable both to students and teachers, the classroom can be a mess 31. What is the author’s main purpose of writing the passage? A. To provide information for teaching. B. To show the importance of teaching a class. C. To study the teacher’s behavior in the classroom. D. To compare the teacher’s behavior with the students’ in class.

If your preschoolers turn up their noses at carrots or celery, a small reward like a sticker(贴画) for taking even a taste may help get them to eat previously disliked foods, a UK study said. Though it might seem obvious that a reward could encourage young children to eat their

vegetables, the idea is actually controversial, researchers wrote in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. That’s because some studies have shown that rewards can backfire and cause children to lose interest in foods they already liked, said Jane Wardle, a researcher at University College London who worked on the study. Verbal praise, such as “Brilliant! You’re a great vegetable taster”, did not work as well. The study found that when parents gave their small children a sticker each time they took a “tiny taste” of a disliked vegetable, it gradually changed their attitudes. The children were also willing to eat more of the vegetables—either carrots, celery, cucumber, red pepper, cabbage or sugar snap peas—in laboratory taste tests, the study said. Researchers randomly assigned (分派) 173 families to one of these groups. In one, parents used stickers to reward their children each time they took a tiny sample of a disliked vegetable. A second group of parents used verbal praise. The third group, where Parents used no special vegetable-promoting methods, served as a “control”. Parents in the reward groups offered their children a taste of the “target” vegetable every day for 12 days. Soon after, children in the sticker group were giving higher ratings to the vegetables—and were willing to eat more in the research lab, going from an average of 5 grams at the start to about 10 grams after the 12-day experience. The turnaround(转机) also seemed to last, with preschoolers in the sticker group still willing to eat more of the once-disliked vegetable three months later. Why didn’t the verbal praise work? Wardle said the parents’ words may have seemed “insincere” to their children. 32. The purpose of writing the passage is .

A. to show the procedure of an experiment on children’s diet B. to introduce a practical method of making children eat vegetables C. to explain why children hate to eat vegetables D. to present a proper way of verbal praise to parents 33. The underlined word “backfire” in Paragraph 2 probably means “_______”. A. shoot from behind the back C. produce an unexpected result B. make a fire in the backyard D. achieve what was planned

34. Which of the following statements is true according to the passage?

A. Most children are born to dislike carrots or celery. B. Children in the sticker group will never lose interest in eating vegetables. C. Oral praise works quite well in encouraging children to eat vegetables. D. It remains a question whether rewarding is a good way to get children to eat vegetables. 35. What can we learn from the last paragraph? A. Children like rewards, not verbal praise. B. Parents should give up verbal praise. C. Children are difficult to inspire. D. Parents should praise their children in a sincere tone.

第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,共 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。 The Importance of Accessibility Awareness At a recent Teen Leadership of Jewish Family Services meeting, people with disabilities talked about their lives. 36 However, what amazed me most was the great importance of education

about handicap accommodations (残疾人便利设施). One school-teacher who is blind, and a woman who has used a wheelchair all her life are two important members of the National Group for Disabled Persons, devoted to raising awareness about disabilities. 37 These include handicap parking spots, handrails, and wheelchair ramps. 38

One big concern is the people who take advantage of aids, such as handicap parking spaces. And the meeting focused on educating the public.

Some handicap spots have extra room next to them, marked with the “No Parking” signs. “As long as I'm not in the spot, I can take the no-parking area next to it,” some people say. However, the woman who uses a wheelchair disagrees to this. The space exists to allow someone in a wheelchair to have room to get in or out of their car. 39

Some walkways have handrails next to them to help those who require extra assistance.

Whether it is a blind person seeking guidance or an elderly person seeking support, the rail is there for walking. Sometimes the rail is blocked, by a parked bicycle for instance, and consequently made useless. bike rack. Meeting some of the people who are affected by the lack of education about accommodations made me see that there is work to be done. If more people were educated about the proper uses of accommodations, there would be fewer challenges for people with physical disabilities. 40 People who are informed of the rail’s use would be less likely to mistake it for a

A. Accommodations will vary according to the needs of the disabled. B. As with the parking spot, this is more likely a case of lack of education. C. They educate about all the accommodations for people with disabilities. D. Improvement must be made so that disabled people can fully participate. E. If there is a car in that space, the handicap parking spot is no longer useful. F. So people without disabilities need to be educated about these accommodations. G. I was amazed to hear about the challenges faced by people with physical disabilities.

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 America’s Beauty Is in Its Diversity America is built on the idea of freedom, and there is no exception for Muslim women. I 41 the freedom of religion and speech. But mostly, I believe it’s OK to be who and what you are. So I believe in wearing the hijab. The hijab is a religious head covering, like a scarf. I am Muslim, and keeping my head covered is a 43 of maturity (成熟) and respect toward my 44 and to Allah’s will. 45 , I also like 42 , and to stand up for

to wear it to be different. I don’t usually like to do what everyone else is doing. I want to be a(n) 46 , not just part of the crowd. But when I first wore it, I was also afraid of the get at school. 47 that I’d

I 50 51


on my own that sixth grade was the


I should start wearing the hijab. I was

about what the kids would say or even do to me. I thought they might make fun of me, or be scared of me and 53 52 my headscarf. Kids at that age usually like to be all the same,

and there’s little or no

of differences. 54 thoughts behind my back and walked in with 55 I was also proud to be a Muslim,

On the first day of school, I put all those

my head held high. I was holding my breath a little, but proud to be wearing the hijab, proud to be different. I was 56

about everything I thought the kids would say or even do to me. I actually met a

lot of people because of wearing my head covering. Most of the kids would come and ask me questions — 57 — about the hijab and why I wore it. I did hear some kids were making fun of me, 58 there was one girl----she wasn’t even in 59 me, and I wasn’t even there! I

my class, and we never really talked much---and she spoke

made a lot of new friends that year, friends that I still have until this very day, five years later. Yes, I’m different, but everyone is different here, in one way or another. This is the America. 41. A. believe in 42. A. dependent 43. A. signal 44. A. religion 45. A. In a word 46. A. princess 47. A. praise 48. A. hoped 49. A. time 50. A. disappointed 51. A. still 52. A. show off 53. A. rejection 54. A. negative 55. A. often B. stick to B. free B. sign B. country B. In general B. heroine B. punishment B. expected B. chance B. scared B. already B. pull off B. ignorance B. optimistic B. inside C. carry out C. sensitive C. reminder C. parents C. To be exact C. individual C. reaction C. realized C. case C. enthusiastic C. even C. pick up C. awareness C. serious C. only D. push for D. different D. cause D. status D. To be honest D. adult D. reflection D. decided D. occasion D. angry D. ever D. put up D. acceptance D. strange D. outside 60 of

56. A. concerned 57. A. respectfully 58. A. and 59. A. in terms of 60. A. significance

B. particular B. cautiously B. so B. in front of B. beauty

C. wrong C. suspiciously C. but C. in charge of C. value

D. convinced D. critically D. or D. in favor of D. power

第 II 卷(以下主观题均转写在答题纸上)
第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题,每小题 1.5 分,共 15 分)

阅读下面短文,按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求,在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空,并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 61~70 的相应位置上。 Since the one-baby policy ___61___(carry) out in China, Chinese families have been shrinking from one with over 10 members to the other with only three including parents and one baby. Things are usually out of our expectation. Apart from the benefits ___62___ have been mentioned enough, small families are now beginning to have ___63___ own problems. Because parents are having fewer children, they increasingly feel the need ___64___(control) the lives of those children. As a result, many children are becoming less ___65___(depend), determined and ambitious than in the past. Parents today discourage their children from doing housework, extracurricular activities and socializing ___66___ they fear it will interrupt their education. For example, when I was younger I wanted to learn the guitar ___67___ my parents wouldn’t allow me because they believed it would distract me from my studies. They are happy as long as I perform ___68___(wonder) in my exams but don’t seem concerned about how I develop ___69___ a person. To some extent, I understand parents’ concerns, but I think they should love their children for ___70___ they are, not what they want them to be. We deserve the chance to chase our own dreams and learn on our own. Even if we fail, we can learn from those failures.

第四部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分)

第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。

增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改: 在错词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

Patience is of great importance in our daily life. Once I waited a bus to come at a stop. 30 minutes past, but no bus came. Both upset and annoyed, I decided to walk on feet. But no sooner had I left when the bus arrived. I thought if I had waited for one more minute, I would have caught it. If I chose to take a next bus, I would have to wait for other 30 minutes. Only then do I realize my problem. Being impatient will possible waste all the effort that we have put it in. Now whenever I am close to lose my patience, I’ll think of this experience.

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) ?以下是一本图书的基本信息及相关报道 基本信息: ⑴书名:Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother ⑵作者:Amy Chua,美籍华人,耶鲁(Yale)大学教授 ⑶出版时间:2010 年 ⑷内容:作者用中国传统方式教育两个女儿的故事 ⑸效应:引发中美教育方式孰优孰劣的讨论 相关报道: ⑴中文版:2011 年初开始在中国销售 ⑵意外反应:多数中国妈妈不赞同作者的做法

要求: 根据以上信息写一篇图书介绍,内容包括: 1.图书的基本信息 2.图书的相关报道 3. 100 词左右。

2013~2014 学年度第二学期高三年级期中考试

第三部分 完形填空 ADBAD

第二卷(非选择题 共 50 分) 语法填空 61. was carried 66. because 62. that/which 67. but 63. their 64. to control 65. independent 70. who

68. wonderfully 69. as

第四部分 写作 第一节 短文改错 Patience is of great importance in our daily life. Once I waited ∧a bus to come at a stop. 30 for minutes past, but no bus came. Both upset and annoyed, I decided to walk on feet. But no sooner had

passed foot I left when the bus arrived. I thought if I had waited for one more minute, I would have caught it. If I than chose to take a next bus, I would have to wait for other 30 minutes. Only then do I realize my the another did problem. Being impatient will possible waste all the effort that we have put it in. Now whenever I am possibly close to lose my patience, I’ll think of this experience. losing 第二节 书面表达 Version 1 A book entitled Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother by Amy Chua was published in 2010. It tells how the author, a Chinese American and professor at Yale University, educated her two daughters in the traditional Chinese way. Its publication has started a debate as to which way of parenting is superior, the traditional Chinese way or the American way. It is reported that the Chinese version of the book began to sell in China early 2011. Unexpectedly, the majority of mothers in China disagree with the author though her 17-year-old elder daughter was lately reported to have got offers from both Harvard and Yale.

Version 2 A book entitled Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother was published in 2010. Its author is Amy Chua, a Chinese American and professor at Yale, who tells stories in her book about how she educated her two daughters in the traditional Chinese way. Ever since its publication, a heated discussion has been around about whether the Chinese way of educating is better than the American way. The Chinese version of the book began to sell in China early 2011, but surprisingly most Chinese mothers do not agree to Amy Chua’s way of parenting. A recent report says that Amy ’s elder daughter, 17, has been accepted by both Harvard and Yale. Version 3 A newly-published book, Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother, written by an American-Chinese Amy Chua in 2010, has been sold in China from the beginning of 2011. Ms. Amy, who is the professor in Yale University, deals with the stories of her educating her two daughters in the traditional Chinese ways. Her elder daughter has been admitted to both the Yale and Harvard universities. This book caused heated discussion on the differences between the Chinese and American ways in educating Children successfully. The majority of Chinese mothers disapprove of Ms. Amy’s idea. 听力材料: (Text 1) M: My plane leaves at 8: 00, and…hey Kate, are you crying? W: Well, it's summer vacation and you're going away. (Text 2) W: I need some film to take some pictures on my vacation.

M: Will you be shooting mainly indoors or outdoors? W: Outdoors. I'll be on the beach every day. (Text 3) M: Is this Partelli Mattresses? I'd like to order a table for two. W: You have the wrong number. This is a private house, not a store. What number were you trying to reach? M: 288-2351. Oh, wait------ I read the listing wrong. Sorry to have bothered you. (Text 4) W: It doesn't look as though these plants have been watered for a long time. M: I came around with the watering pot just two days ago. Are you sure the leaves are getting enough light? W: Maybe that's the answer. Can you help me move this plant closer to the window? (Text 5) M: Hi. My car's been making a strange noise and I seem to be losing power. W: OK, I will have a look at it and should be able to tell you what's wrong in about an hour. M: An hour! I'm in a bit of a hurry. Do you think you can finish any sooner? W: I'm sorry but these things take time. We'll be happy to call a taxi for you if you don't have time to wait. (Text 6) M: Hi Mari. Sorry I'm late. W: That's OK.I haven't ordered yet. So, what's new? M: Nothing much. How're things with you? W: Same as usual. Overworked. Underpaid. M: Oh, I’ve got this new boss. She works twenty-five hours a day, and expects everybody else to do the same. I've been working till at least ten o'clock every night this week. W: Well, it's Friday evening now, so you can relax a bit. (Text 7) W: Thank you for shopping at Dale's Clothing Store. Your total is $120. Would you like a plastic bag for your clothes? M: No, but I need to shorten these pants. Do you provide a tailoring service, too? W: Yes, sir. We have professionals to do that for you for an extra $5 per pair of pants. However, please be advised that once clothes are changed, they can't be returned anymore. M: I understand. So when is the soonest time to pick up my pants? W: Well, I think tomorrow is OK. (Text 8) M: What can I do for you? W: I'd like to go to Walt Disney World, but I have never been there before. So I need your help to plan my trip. Can you tell me some information on flights to Florida?

M: OK. Do you want to go first class, business class, or economy class? W: Oh, economy class, of course. I'd like the lowest fare you can find. M: All right. And that's one way or round trip? W: Round trip. I'd like to leave on Sunday the 12th and return on Saturday the 18th. M: Well, there's a very low fare. It's only $345, but it's not direct. You have to change planes in Chicago. There's a direct, nonstop flight, but the fare on that one is $680. W: That's OK. I'll change planes in Chicago. M: OK. That's flight 690. It departs at 8:15 a.m. on Sunday the 12th and arrives in Orlando at 12:15. W: That sounds good. (Text 9) W: Hi, Mark. Can you give me some details about the meeting next month? M: OK. I'll help if I can. W: Well, firstly, according to the schedule, when am I presenting? M: Your presentation is on Tuesday 8th September at 10 a.m. Is that OK? W: Wednesday at 10 would be better for me. M: Fine. I’ll change your time to Wednesday. W: Thanks. What about the hotel? M: Everyone is staying in the Manor. W: I’ll tell Rachel and Sam. They asked me this morning. M: I'm going to post everybody an information paper with the meeting details, probably at the end of next week. Please tell Rachel and Sam. W: OK. I'll let them know. In fact, we're meeting later today at 4 so I can tell them then. M: Right. So any plans for the rest of the morning? W: Not really. I'm just going to finish a few reports and then it's lunch. M: Sounds good. Thanks for your call. You can get further information by e-mail. W: OK. Thanks. Bye. M: Bye. (Text 10) W: Good afternoon, everyone. We're delighted to welcome today a representative from the Red Cross, Mr John Francis, who is going to talk to us about the work of the organisation and about some basic aspects of First Aid. M: Thank you, Mrs Brown. Well, I'm pleased to tell you something about this organisation. The Red Cross movement was started by a businessman called Jean Henri Dunant. His interest in the innocent people caught up in war began in 1859 when he witnessed the effects of a very fierce battle in Italy. At the time, he organised all the villagers to help the wounded soldiers and make sure they had food and basic medical attention. In 1864, the same gentleman, together with four Swiss colleagues from his hometown, organised a conference which laid the foundations for the now famous organisation. So that Red Cross workers could always be recognised, they created their own symbol. They chose a red cross on a white background. It is protected by the laws. Sometimes we find that the red cross has been used as a decorative symbol or to represent first aid stations but this is actually wrong because using the red cross for anything other than the international

organisation is actually against the law. Even though we often associate a red cross with hospitals and medical treatment. In Australia, as in many countries, the recognised symbol for first aid and medical centres, in fact, is a white cross on a green background.


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