当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >> 典型高考英语陷阱题详解--语法解析

典型高考英语陷阱题详解--语法解析


高考英语语法典型“陷阱题”解析
1.Mary couldn’t make herself _______ attention to because her classmates made so much noise. A. paid B. to pay C. pay D. paying 答案解析:此题容易误选C, 其实此题应选A。 pay attention to 是动

词短语,起及物动词 的作用,在句中作宾语补足语,与宾语herself构成被动关系。 2.Was it through Mary , ____ was working at a high school , _____ you get to know Tom ? A. who, who B. that, which C. who, that D. who, which 答案解析: 此题应选C, 但是许多学生刚好首先排除了C项,他们认为:(1)非限制性定语 从句不用关系代词that引导;(2) 强调句型It be + 被强调部分 + that (who)…中,who (that)前不能有逗号。 上述两点是对的,在此句中Was it…that…也的确是强调句型,但 句中的两个逗号不在强调句型中,它的作用是把非限制性定语从句who was working at a high school与句子其它部分分隔开来。整句话的汉语意思是:玛丽在一所中学工作,你是 不是通过她认识汤姆的? 3.Every minute is made full use of _______ our lessons. A. studying B. to study C. study D. being studied 答案解析:此题容易误选A,认为动名词作介词的宾语。其实此题应选B,此句是被动句,转 换成主动句就成为 we make full use of every minute to study our lessons.。是不定 式作目的状语。 4.I agree with most of what you said, but I don't agree with _____. A. everything B. anything C. something D. nothing 答案解析: 此题容易误选B, 生搬硬套不定代词用法规则: something用于肯定句, anything 用于否定句或疑问句。其实此题应选A,注意前文的I agree with most of what you said(我 同意你说的大部分内容), 其后的not与everything构成部分否定, 意为“不是所有的都同意”, 前后两部分用转折连词but连接,语气通顺、连贯。 5. —Would you like _______ , sir? —No, thanks. I have had much. A.some more oranges B.any more oranges C.some more orange D.any more orange 答案解析:选C。当用委婉的语气希望得到对方肯定回答的时候,疑问句中的some不能变成 any。从答语中的much可判断出前面的名词应该是不可数的。此句话的汉语意思是:-先生, 还要点橙汁吗?-不了,谢谢,我已喝了很多了。 6.He suggested the person referred _______ put into prison. A. is B. be C. to be D. should be 答案解析:此题应选C. referred to 过去分词作定语,be put into prison是宾语从句的 谓语部分。学生由于粗心,容易误选B或者D。 7.—Well. I do think the rabbit is a beautiful, gentle animal which can run very fast. —_____________. A.So it is B.So is it C.So does it D.So it does 答案解析:此题容易误选B, 平时同学们经常练习和so有关的倒装句:so放在句首,表示前 面的肯定内容也适用于另一个人或物。其结构为:so +助动词+主语 。因此在未完全理解题 意时,就主观地选择了B。其实最佳答案为A。本题考查\"so+主语+助动词\"结构,用来表 示赞成前一说话者所说的内容,可译为\"是的\"、\"对\"或\"确实如此\"。此句话的汉语意 思是:- 哎, 我真地认为这兔子是一只漂亮温顺的动物,跑得很快。- 确实如此。

8. “Is there _____ here?” “No, Bob and Tim have asked for leave.” A. anybody B. everybody C. somebody D. nobody 答案解析:此题容易误选A,认为这是一般疑问句,要用anybody。其实此题应选B,主要与 上下文的语境有关。全文语境为:“大家都到齐了吗?”“没有,Bob和Tim两人请假了。” 9.“I think the teacher is wrong, _____?” “No, I don't think so.” A. don't you B. don't I C. doesn't he D. doesn't she 答案解析:此题容易误选C或D,因为按照语法规则,I think后接宾语从句时,其反意疑问 句与从句保持一致,但是退一步,即使按此规则,其反意疑问句也应是isn't he或isn't she 之类的, 而不是像C或D那样用doesn't he和doesn't she。 综合四个选项, 最佳答案为A, don't you为don't you think so之省略。 10. Don't you know _____, my dear friend, it is you that she loves? A. who B. which C. that D. what 答案解析:此题容易误选A或B,选A者认为这是指人的,故用who;选B者认为这是非限制性 定语从句,两者都是误认为这是定语从句(注意没有先行词),其实此题应选C,that引导的 是一个宾语从句(用做动词know的宾语),它只是被句中的插入语my dear friend隔开罢了。 其实此句也可说成:My dear friend, don't you know that it is you that she loves? 11. He transplanted the little tree to the garden ___ it was the best time for it. A. where B. when C. that D. until 答案解析:此题容易误选C, 把the garden看成是先行词,以为是where引导的表地点的定语 从句。其实此题应选B。这是when引导时间状语从句。 12.If the weather is fine, we'll go. If _____, _____. A. not, not B. no, no C. not, no D. no, not 答案解析:此题应选A。If not, not.为If the weather is NOT fine, we will NOT go. 之省略,全句意为“如果天气好,我们就去;如果天气不好,我们就不去”。该句的特点是: 后句与前句的用词和句式完全相同,只是前句为肯定, 后句为否定, 为了简洁起见,于是将后 句与前句相同部分省略,只保留否定词not。 13.--- Mum, why do you always make me eat an egg every day ? _____enough protein and nutrition as you are growing up. A. Get B. Getting C. To get D. To be getting 答案解析: 此处回答why, 因而答案选C. 作目的状语。 14.She's too thin. She ____ gain some weight but she _____ too little. A. would, ate B. will, eats C. would, eats D. will, ate 答案解析:此题有些难度,许多同学不知如何分析。我们先根据题目所提供的选项将句意大 致概括出来:她太瘦了。她会增加体重的,但她吃得太少了。根据句首She's too thin这 一所给信息可知,“她瘦”应是客观事实。按照一般的常识,“吃得少”就会导致“瘦”,“吃得 多”就会导致“胖”,根据句首的信息,“她瘦”是客观事实,所以她“吃得少”也应是事实,因 此第二空应填eats(即用一般现在时表示现在的事实)。根据上面的分析:“她瘦”和“她吃得 少”均为现在的事实,那么“她体重会增加”就应是假设(注意句中的转折连词but),所以第一 空应填would,其实,此句可理解为其后省略了一个条件状语if she ate more (如果她多吃 一点的话)。此题最佳答案选C。 15. — What should I do with this passage? —_____ the main idea of each paragraph. A. Finding out B. Found out C. Find out D. To find out 答案解析: 此题极易误选A。认为是动名词短语作do的宾语。其实我们把该答案代入原文,

便发现不行。因为do finding out…是绝对不能搭配的。其实此题应选C。考查祈使句。此 句话的汉语意思是:- 我应该怎么处理这段文章?- 归纳出每段的中心思想。 16.She can't help _____ the house because she's busy making a cake. A. to clean B. cleaning C. cleaned D. being cleaned 答案解析:此题容易误选B,简单地套用can't help doing sth这一结构。其实此题应选A, 注意以下两个结构均可用,但是含义不同:can't help doing sth =禁不住做某事,情不自 禁地做某事;can't help to do sth =不能帮助做某事。前者为引申用法,一般辞书均将其 作为固定搭配列出来,许多老师对此也比较强调,从而就使同学们形成了思维定势;而后者 为help表示“帮助”时的本义用法,因同学们平时对此不大注意,一看到上面的试题马上就联 想到can't help doing sth这一结构,从而误选了B。 17. The prize of the game show is $30,000 and an all expenses __________ vacation to China. A. paying B. paid C. to be paid D. being paid 答案解析:选B。此句话的汉语意思是:“联众秀”的奖金是3万美元和一次一切费用全免的 中国之旅。paid和expenses之间存在着逻辑上的动宾关系,过去分词作定语修饰expenses。 整个all expenses paid又作定语修饰vacation。 多数考生没把all expenses paid看成一 个整体,而认为all expenses和pay 存在着逻辑上的主谓关系;pay 和vacation存在着逻辑 上的动宾关系;而误选答案A。 18. I'm examining the composition he has just finished ____ the possible mistakes in it. A. correcting B. to correct C. corrected D. correct 答案解析: 此题容易误选A, 因为习惯思维finish 后接doing. 但从句he has just finished 为定语从句。答案选B,动词不定式作目的状语。 19. He ________ more than 5,000 English words when he entered the university at the age of 15. A. has learned B. would have learned C. learned D. had learned 答案解析:此题容易误选C, 学生见到过去时间点,就会依据平时的经验选择一般过去时。 其实此题应选D。掌握了5000多个单词并非在15岁上大学时发生,而是早在之前就完成了, 过去的过去, 所以要用过去完成时。此句话的汉语意思是:在他15岁上大学时,就已经掌 握了5000多个单词了。 20. The judge paid no attention to _____ he had just lost his wife. A. that B. which C. what D. the fact that 答案解析:此题容易误选A或B:选A,认为to 后应接一个that引导的宾语从句;选B,认为其后是一个定语从句,介词后应用关系代词 which。其实此题应选D。注意不能选A的原因是,在通常情况下,介词后不能直接跟that从 句(极个别介词如except, but等除外),遇此情况,应在that从句前加上 the fact(此时the fact用做介词宾语,其后that从句用做the fact的同位语)。 21. ____ a broken chair, the room is empty A. Except B. Except for C. Except that D. Besides 答案解析:except所指项目,必须在主句内有所交代,except for 用来表示从某一细节方 面来修正前面概括性说法, 其后的宾语一般与句子所涉及的东西不同类。 因此a broken chair 与 the room 不是同类,答案为B。 22.— What should I do with this passage? —_____ the main idea of each paragraph. A. Finding out B. Found out C. Find out D. To find out

答案解析: 此题极易误选A。认为是动名词短语作do的宾语。其实我们把该答案代入原文, 便发现不行。因为do finding out…是绝对不能搭配的。其实此题应选C。考查祈使句。 此 句话的汉语意思是:- 我应该怎么处理这段文章?- 归纳出每段的中心思想。 23.The wonderful time they had been looking forward ____ at last. A. to arrive B. to arrived C. to arriving D. should arrive 答案解析:此题迷惑选项为C,因受look forward to doing的影响,但此题主语为the wonderful time,后面they have been looking forward to 为定语从句,分析句子结构, 找出句子的主干The wonderful time arrived at last.不难发现正确答案应为B. 24. --- What do you think made Mary so upset ? --- ____ her new bicycle. A. As she lost B. Lost C. Losing D. Because of losing. 答案解析:此题迷惑项为D,这是犯了Chinglish之错,问句中的 what只能用动名词短语 Losing her new bicycle来代替。答案B为过去分词不作主语,答案A不构成主语从句。若 将答语补充完整,全句为Losing her new bicycle made Mary so upset.因此缺少主语, 正确答案为C. 25.He wrote a lot of novels, none of _____ translated into a foreign language. A. them B. which C . it D. what 答案解析:同学们容易误选B,理由是none前没有并列连词 and 或 but,但B项是一个陷阱。 此题的最佳答案应是A,注意此句不是并列句也不是含有非限制性定语从句的复合句。逗号 后面其实是一个独立结构。translated 不是谓语,而是一个非谓语动词(过去分词),所 以假若在 translated 前加一个助动词 was,则此题应选(which),构成一个非限制性定语 从句。所以做这类题要特别小心,千万不要想当然,更不要受思维定势的影响。 26.Mr. Smith is a painter, _____ I should also like to be. A. that B. which C. who D. it 答案解析: 此题很容易误选C, 因为许多同学认为指人时总是用who, 不能用which, 选项A(that) 虽然也能指人,但这是非限制性定语从句,也不能用。其实此题应选B(which),因为这里的 which其实指的不是具体的某个人,而是指一个人的特征或属性,此时不能用who。 27. As soon as he comes back, I’ll tell him when _______ and see him. A. you will come B. will you come C. you come D. do you come 答案解析: 选A。 此句话的汉语意思是: 他一回来, 我就会告诉他你什么时候会来看他。 when 引导的是一个宾语从句,不是状语从句。根据题意要用一般将来时。 粗心考生会把when引 导的句子误认为是状语从句,从而得出错误的结论:主句用一般将来时,从句用一般现在时 表将来而误选C。 28.After ____ seemed like hours he came out with a bitter smile. A. which B. it C. what D. that 答案解析: 此题应选C,其余三项都很容易误选。误选A,认为介词后应接关系代词which (但是,若填关系代词,其前没有先行词);B或D也不能选择,因为介词后可接what引导的 宾语从句,但通常不能跟that引导的宾语从句或没有引导词的从句。另一方面,引导名词 从句的that也不能充当句子成分(句中的seemed缺主语)。选C,what引导的是宾语从句,用 做介词after的宾语,其中的what可理解为some time that。 29.He was so angry at all _____ she was doing _____ he walked out. A. what, that B. that, that C. that, which D. what, as 答案解析:此题关键短语be angry at sth.因此all后的she was doing为定语从句,修饰all. 第二个空考查so...that...句型, 答案应为B 。

30. --- When shall we meet again ? --- Make it ____ day you like; it's all the same to me . A. one B. any C. another D. some 答案解析::...you like和...it's all the same to me 表明说话人不在意哪一天,因此 some day是错误的;another day需要前提:已谈论的时间不合适,应另选时间,但对话无 此意。One day并不指"任意选择的一天",而any day则有此意,故正确答案为B. 31. —Did Jack come back early last night? —Yes. It was not yet eight o’clock _______ he arrived home. A.before B.When C.that D.until 答案解析: 此题容易误选, 学生误认为此题在考查: (1) it…before…句型; (2) 强调句; (3) not…until…句型。其实此题应选B。eight o’clock是时间点,这是when引导的时间状语从 句。此句话的汉语意思是:-杰克昨晚回来得很早吗?-是啊,他到家的时候还不到8点 32.--- Alice , you feed the bird today , ______? --- But I fed it yesterday . A. do you B. will you C. didn't D. don't you 答案解析:此题易受you feed the bird today 中的you的影响,认为不是祈使句。但祈使 句并非都无主语,为了加强语气,指明向谁提出请求或命令,引起听话者的注意时,可说出 主语。所以正确答案是B而不是D. 33.She is quite a different girl _____ she was five years ago. A. from B. to C. than D. with 答案解析: 按照英语的表达习惯,要表示甲与乙不同,通常用be different from,如: Mary is different from Jane.玛丽与简不同。其中的介词from在英国英语中也可换成to, 在美国英语中也可换成than, 但两者均不如用from普遍。 许多同学据此将上题的最佳答案确 定为A, 但错了,最佳答案应是C。 一般说来, 若两个比较的对象是名词、 代词或状语短语等, 则用different from[to, than]。但是若提出来供比较的对象是一个没有引导词的句子, 则通常只用different than。 34. Few pleasures can equal ______ of a cool drink on a hot day. A. some B. any C. that D. those 答案解析::一看到few pleasures,容易错选D.但后面所设条件为a cool drink,因而正确 答案应为C. 35. Use an umbrella to _____ you from the rain. A. stop B. prevent C. keep D. protect 答案解析:许多同学一看到题干中的from,再联系到选项中的prevent,便马上想起了 prevent ... from ...这个常用搭配,于是选择了B答案。这样分析的同学,没有完全弄清 prevent ... from ...的用法特点。在prevent A from B这一句式中,A和B通常具有主谓关 系,如在The rain prevented us from going out (下雨使我们不能出去)中,“我们”与“出 去”就具有主谓关系。 而上面一题不具备此特点, 此题正确答案应是D, protect ... from ... 意为“保护……免受……”。 36. Who did the teacher have ___ an article for the wall newspaper just now? A. written B. writing C. write D. to write 答案解析:此题易误选A,受have的影响。其实此处所用句型为have sb.do sth不妨把who 换为Tom,利用还原句子结构的方法变为肯定句:The teacher had Tom write an article for the wall newspaper just now.因此,答案应选C。 37. He transplanted the little tree to the garden _____ it was the best time for it.

A. where B. when C. that D. until 答案解析:此题容易把the garden看成是先行词,以为是where引导的表地点的定语从句而 误选C。 其实此题应选B。 此句话的汉语意思是:他把小树在最合适的时候移植到花园。 38. Shirley _____ a book about China last year, but I don't know whether she has finished it. A. has written B. wrote C. had written D. was writing 答案解析:受last year的干扰而误选B项,但句意为"Shirley去年(一段时间)在写一本有 关中国的书,但我不知她现在是否写完",因此答案为D. 39. --- Who should I send this message to ? --- The mayor is the one ___ ? A. to send it B. to be sent C. for sending D. to send it to 答案解析:第一句提供了语境"应把消息送给谁?""应送给市长"。故A是错误的,正确答案 为D,即send the message to the mayor.被修饰的名词为不定式的间接宾语时,不定式后 应加上适当的介词。 40.It is so difficult a problem that _____ student in this class _____ work it out. A. any, can't B. no, can C. every, can D. no, can't 答案解析:此题很容易误选A,因为从句意上看,选A可将此句理解为“这个问题是如此之难, 这个班上任何一个学生都不可能做出来”。但按英语习惯,any(任何一个)作为非肯定词,它 只能出现在否定词not之后,而不能在其前,即可说not any,但不说any not。所以正确答 案应选B。 41.The young man spent as much time as he _____ over his lessons. A. went B. can go C. could going D. could to go 答案解析: 此题除考查理解句子结构的能力外, 还考查了动词短语spend some time(in)doing sth的用法,所以答案为C。 42_____ is known to everybody, the moon travels round the earth once every month. A. It B. As C. That D. What 答案解析: 此题很容易误选A, 认为此处应填一个形式主语, 况且It is (well) known to ... 也是一个常用句型,读起来也很上口,但是选A错了。同学们仔细想想看,假若选A,横线处 填一个形式主语(it),那么其后就应有一个真正的主语,但事实上没有。但是若将句中的逗 号改成that,则只能选A,因为这样一来,that便成为一个引导主语从句的引导词。此题的 最佳答案是B,as引导的是一个非限制性定语从句,可置于主句前(常译为“正如”)或主句后 (常译为“这一点”),句意为“正如大家所知,月球每月绕地球转一周”。 43. —Must I turn off the gas after cooking ? —Of course . You can never be _______ careful with that. A.enough B.too C.so D. very 答案解析:选B。can / could not...too是一个固定搭配,表示“无论怎样也不过分;此句 话的汉语意思是:- 做完饭后一定要把煤气关掉吗?- 当然,你越小心越好。 有些学生 误认为can never be too…是一个孤立的结构,而逐字翻译,从而误选D。 44. Mrs. Brown was much disappointed to see the washing machine she had had ____ went wrong again. A. it B. it repaired C. repaired D. to be repaired 答案解析:此题句型为have sth done, she had had repaired为定语从句,修饰the washing machine, C为正确答案。迷惑选项为B项。

45. I'll come to see you if _____. A. you're convenient B. it is convenient for you C. you feel convenient D. it is convenient with you 答案解析:此题最佳答案为B,但很容易误选A或C,因为按汉语意思,我们常说“如果你方便 的话”,所以许多同学就将此直译为if you are convenient或if you feel convenient。 但事实上,英语中convenient的意思不是“感到方便的”,而是“使人感到方便的”,所以be convenient的主语不能是“人”。要表示“如果你方便的话”,英语通常说if it is convenient for[to]you,其中的介词可用for或to,但一般不用with。 46.Sarah hopes to become a friend of _____ shares her interests. A. anyone B. whomever C. whoever D. no matter who 答案解析:此题不能选A,假若选A,应在其后加上who,即用 anyone who;也不能选B,一 是因为横线处应填一个作主语的词(因为其后有谓语动词 shares),二是因为在现代英语中 whomever这个词已基本废除 也就是说,在现代英语中whoever 既用做主语,也用做宾语, 如:Give it to whoever you see in the meeting-room. 你在会议室里看见谁就把它给谁); 也不能选D,因为 no matter who只用于引导让步状语从句,不用于引导名词性从句。此题 正确答案为C,whoever 在此相当于 anyone who。 近年来,高考试卷中也常有这种"陷阱" 题出现。当同学们遇到这种题时,既不可“轻易下手”,也不可不知所措,而应做到先三思而 后行。首先,同学们要认真审题,发现“陷阱”。要灵活地运用语法规则,理顺思路,寻找“陷 阱”。其次,要运用多向思维,分析“陷阱”。不要用习惯的、单一的、片面的思维去解题。 再次,要去伪存真,识别“陷阱”。要抓住基本知识点及特殊现象,不厌其烦地归纳理解,认 清选择题目中的“鱼目”及“珍珠”,避免落入“陷阱”。最后就是要加强验证,跳出“陷阱”。这 就要求学习者要有良好的检查验证习惯,掌握验证的方法,即使落入了“陷阱”,也能在验证 过程中,发现“陷阱”,并迅速地跳出来。。

7


更多相关文档:

典型高考英语陷阱题详解--语法解析

典型高考英语陷阱题详解--语法解析_英语_高中教育_教育专区。典型高考英语陷阱题详解--语法解析高考英语语法典型“陷阱题”解析 1.Mary couldn’t make herself __...

英语语法高考英语典型陷阱题解析91例

英语语法高考英语典型陷阱题解析 91 例 1.Mary couldn’t make herself ___ attention to because her classmates made so much noise. A. paid B. to ...

典型高考英语陷阱题详解

高考英语语法专题备考课件... 143页 免费如要投诉违规内容,请到百度文库投诉中心...典型高考英语陷阱题详解-定语从句 1. The factory was built in a secret place...

典型高考英语陷阱题详解2答案

典型高考英语陷阱题详解2习... 24页 免费 英语:语法专项突破试题(含... 30...Everyone 此题很容易误选 A,因为从汉语意思来分析,可理解为"任何人来都欢迎"...

典型高考英语陷阱题详解2习题

典型高考英语陷阱题详解2答... 37页 免费 英语:语法专项突破试题(含... 30...will D. would .分析如下: (1)"so + 助动词 + 主语"是一个很有用的...

英语语法高考英语典型“陷阱题”解析95例教师版

英语高考语法英语高考语法隐藏>> 英语语法高考英语典型陷阱题英语语法高考英语典型陷阱题解析 95 例 1.Mary couldn’t make herself ___ attention...

高考英语语法备考之名词考点(典型陷阱+分析+练习)

高考英语语法备考之名词考点(典型陷阱+分析+练习)_英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考...the cattles are 【陷阱】此题容易误选 A,想当然地认为 cattle 是单数,并且...

高考英语陷阱题语法详解

高考英语陷阱题语法详解—... 8页 2财富值 高考英语语法典型陷阱题解... 2...other 【陷阱】容易误选 A、B。 【分析】最佳答案为 C。是从语法上看,...

高考英语典型陷阱题详解定语从句1.

高考英语典型陷阱题详解定语从句1._英语_高中教育_教育专区。高考英语典型陷阱题详解?定语从句 1. The factory was built in a secret place, around ___ high ...

典型高考英语陷阱题详解:非谓语动词

高考英语陷阱题语法详解—... 5页 2财富值 高考英语陷阱题总结归纳—... 22...典型高考英语陷阱题详解:非谓语动词典型高考英语陷阱题详解:非谓语动词隐藏>> 1...
更多相关标签:
德国情欲陷阱剧情详解 | 典型的需求陷阱 | 奶酪陷阱分集剧情详解 | 传奇3跑船陷阱详解 | 薄冰实用英语语法详解 | c define语法详解 | yaml语法详解 | 陷阱 致命的诱惑解析 |
网站地图

文档资料共享网 nexoncn.com copyright ©right 2010-2020。
文档资料共享网内容来自网络,如有侵犯请联系客服。email:zhit325@126.com