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2015-06-10高中英语语法填空题技巧公开课课件


题型解读
一篇200字左右的短文或对话 5-7个空白根据给出单词的正确形式填空 3-5个根据上下文填写空白处所需内容 (不多于三个单词)

能力考查:
理解语篇、句子结构、 运用语法、单词拼写

解题步骤:
解题四步走
提示:四步走归根到 底其实就是寻找依

总结提升

>
据.每一个语法填空
的空格里所需的单词 或短语其实都可以在

检查搭配, 前后连贯 根据语义, 确定词形

所在的句子中或 者上下文中找到
它的依据

分析句子,确定词性
通读全文,理解大意

真题导航

语 法 填 空

命题探究
技巧点拨 实战演练 课后巩固

Yangshuo, China It was raining lightly when I 61____________ (arrive) in Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn’t care. A few hours 62________________, I’d been at home in Hong Kong, with 63__________ (it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and fresh, even with the rain. I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the Li River 64___________ are pictured by artists in so many Chinese 65__________ (painting). Instead, I ‘d head straight for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it’s only an hour away 66__________ car and offers all the scenery of the better-known city. Yangshuo 67__________(be) really beautiful. A study of travelers 68__________(conduct) by the website TripAdvisor names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the world. And the town is fast becoming a popular weekend destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it 69______________(regular) arranges quick getaways here for people 70_________ (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

Yangshuo, China arrived (arrive) in It was raining lightly when I 61____________ 62. 副词 Yangshuo just before dawn. But I didn’t care. A few hours 61. 谓语动词 62________________, earlier/ before I’d been at home in Hong Kong, with 63__________ (it) choking smog. Here, the air was clean and its fresh, even with the rain. 63. 代词 I’d skipped nearby Guilin, a dream place for tourists seeking the limestone mountain tops and dark waters of the 引导词 by artists in so many Li River 64___________ pictured which/thatare64. Chinese 65__________ ). Instead, I ‘d head straight paintings (painting 65. 名词 for Yangshuo. For those who fly to Guilin, it’s only an hour away 66__________ and offers all the scenery of the 介词 by 66. car better-known city. 67. 谓语动词 is Yangshuo 67__________(be) really beautiful. A study of travelers 68__________(conduct) by the website TripAdvisor conducted names Yangshuo as one of the top 10 destinations in the 68.is 非谓语动词 world. And the town fast becoming a popular weekend 69. 副词 destination for people in Asia. Abercrombie & Kent, a travel company in Hong Kong, says it 69______________(regular) regularly arranges quick getaways here for people 70_________ living (live) in Shanghai and Hong Kong.

1. 纯空格试题(62、64、66)
62. 副词 64. 引导词 66. 介词

earlier/ before
which/that by arrived is

题三 思个 路解

2. 给出了动词的试题(61、67、68、70)
61. 谓语动词 67. 谓语动词

68. 非谓语动词
70. 非谓语动词

conducted living

3. 词类转换题(63、65、69)
63. 代词 65. 名词 69. 副词

its paintings

regularly

命题探究

纯空格试题
若两句(一个主谓关系算一个句子)之间没 有连词,也没有分号或句号,一定是填连接 词 /引导词 ①It’s also a good idea to take notes of emotions related to what ____ you eat. ②Life would surely be difficult for most if we had no such inventions. people ____

纯空格试题
③Teachers should take advantage of the many methodswhich/that ________ can help them learn about their students. ④Then he returned to Russia to work with his father and mother, _____ who worked on explosive weapons. ⑤Many people said he was a bad person because ______he invented destructive weapons.

纯空格试题
名词前是空格,若该名词前无限定词,则 很可能是填限定词,即冠词,形容词性物 主代词,名词所有格,基数词,序数词,量 词或some, any, other(s), another等;
Once a year, people win this prize for _____ their work in physics, chemistry, medicine, literature, economics, or world peace.

纯空格试题
若结构较完整,空格后的谓语动词是原 形,特别是与上下文时态不一致或主谓 不一致时,很可能是填情态动词或表示 强调或倒装的助动词(do, does, did) ①But I’m only going to give you a warning about exceeding the speed limit. ____ Do be careful next time!

must ② Thank you very much!...I think I _____ have left it by your airline counter at the airport.

1. 从句----引导词

(1) … There was some practical application which in the exam,[that/ _________ strengthened almost everything I knew.] 定语从句 (2) My face turned red on hearing ________ what my mother said. ]
宾语从句

2. 并列句----并列连词(and, but, or, so, while然 而, when这时,etc) ①Each winner receives a gold medal, a diploma, ____ and a sum of money.

②Teachers sometimes spend much time
talking about students to their parents _____ but little time actually talking to students themselves.

3. 代词

(1) Firstly, we must understand the language it when we hear ______ spoken.
(2) …they can never do anything quite right, themselves as unfit or then they will regard __________ unable persons. his right hand (3) The little boy pulled ______ out of the pocket and studied a number of coins in it.

4. 冠词-a, an, the

a new word, (1) When you meet ______

look it up in your dictionary. Your
dictionary is your most useful book.

(2)… But my mood quickly changed the when I saw ______ first question.

5. 介词 (1)First, they fail to find suitable words to express themselves due to a limited vocabulary…The third reason is that not enough attention is to paid_____listening. to (2) …,experts say if the bears cannot adapt ______ changing situations, they will face almost extinction before the end of the 21st century. (3)_________the help of the map he made, he got a With valuable clue about the cause of the disease and was able to announce that the water was to blame.

6. 固定结构
1. … ________ was only after I heard she became sick It that I learned she couldn’t eat that food!
I learned she couldn’t eat that food only after I heard she became sick.

强调句式
that I had forgotten all about 2. I was so careless ________ that.

句式:so…that….

that 3. … It is thanks to the MOS exam ________ I am able to stand out with my skills and confidence. Thanks to the MOS exam , I am able to stand out with my skills and confidence.

强调句式
4. Discovering about the nature of DNA in the 1940s it made ________ possible for cloning experiments to progress.

句式: it 作形式宾语 的句式

给出了动词的试题
首先,要确定是谓语动词还是非谓语动词。 若句中没有别的谓语动词,所给动词就是谓语动词。 若是谓语动词,就要考虑时态和语态。若句中已有谓 语动词,又不是并列谓语时,所给动词就是非谓语动 词。若是非谓语动词就要确定用Ving形式、Ved形式, 还是用不定式形式(to do),确定方法如下:

Ving形式表主动,进行 或介词后 Ved形式表被动,完成 To do形式表主动,将来,也作目的状语、 结果状语及形容词后的状语

explaining ①He got interested in two theories _____ (explain) how cholera killed people.

building ② He was most famous for ______ (build) weapons of war.
drawn (draw) to a package ③ My eyes were __________ that had a picture of a fridge on it.

To complete 4.…… ____________(complete) the project as planned, we’ll have to work two more hours a day.
5. The young student did all that he could to pass (pass) the examinations. ______ 6. Some people say that oldest children, who are smart and strong-willed, are very likely ___________(success.) to succeed

注意 :作目的状语或者在固定结构中,一 般用to do形式。

saying to 7. He saw the stone, ______(say) himself: “The night willl be very dark.”
注意 :分词作伴随状语,原因状语,条件 状语等时,要看它与逻辑主语的关系确定形 式。

starting 8. There will be a meeting, _______(start) later this year to review the film. learned (learn) in sports 9. ……. Lessons ________ can help us in our dealing with other people.
注意 :分词做后置定语也要看它与被修饰 词之间的关系确定形式。

10. Mr. Green was disappointed to see the repaired washing machine she had had ______
(repair) go wrong again.

11. Can you tell me the way you thought of to work (work )out the problem. _________
注意 :固定结构如: have sth. done , see sth. done, the way to do 等。

词类转换题
作表语,定语或补语,通常用形容词形式 ①I helped him know he could be helpful ______ (help) to others. ②The students study the effects of environmental (environment) realities. ____________

词类转换题
作主语、及物动词或介词后宾语,用名词形式 John Snow was able to announce with certainty ______ (certain).

词类转换题
在冠词、形容词性物主代词后,或“冠词 +形容词”后,用名词形式 ①On December 10, the anniversary of the death (die) of Nobel… ______ ②Recognizing what your bad eating habits importance(important) in are is of great ___________ correcting the behavior.

valuable ③This gave him a _________(value) clue about the cause of the disease.

词类转换题
修饰动词、形容词、副词,或整个句子, 作状语,用副词形式

Sadly (sad) the library had moved from its ①______ original place into another building.
②By bending or pressing down in your seat, swiftly (swift) . you can move ______

词类转换题
有可能是词义转换题,词类不用变,主要是考 察具有与词根意义相反的派生词,需根据句子 意思及前后逻辑关系,在词根前加un-,im-等, 在词根后加-less等 ①Also the more children young couples have, the unhappier _________ (happy) they become. ②Your mistake caused a lot of __________ unnecessary (necessary) work in the office.

解题技巧总结 冠词 代词 介词 形、副 连词 谓语动词 非谓语 词性变化 … 无提示词, 名词之前

总结提升

无提示词,在句子中作主语或宾语,定语 无提示词, 注意搭配问题 有提示词,in /of介词短语或形容词前 有the,最高级;than前用比较级 无提示词, 两个主谓结构连接
抓住主谓结构,确定主句,剩下的部分,如有连 词,则是句子,仍然有主谓结构,否则就用非谓 语;是谓语就思考时态,语态,主谓一致,是非 谓语就看主动被动,有否先后关系。

有提示词, 介词,冠词,所有格后接名词,形容词, 修饰名词,副词修饰形容词动词或整个句子

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