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副词性从句讲解


副词性从句
时间状语从句
常用引导词:when, as, while, as soon as, before, after, since , till, until 特殊引导词: the minute, the moment, the second, every time, the day, the instant ( 瞬 间,顷刻) , immediatel

y , directly (不久,立即) , no sooner … than (一 ... 就 ... ) , hardly …when(刚一...就...) , scarcely … when(几乎没有……的时候) I didn’t realize how great my mother was until I became a mother. 直到我成为了一个成年人我才意识到我的母亲是多么的特殊。 While John was watching TV, his wife was cooking. 当约翰在看电视时,他的妻子正在做饭。 The children ran away from the orchard(果园), the moment they saw the guard. 孩子们一看到守卫就逃走了。 No sooner had I arrived home than it began to rain. 还没等我到家就开始下雨了。 Every time I listen to your advice, I get into trouble. 每当我听取你的建议的时候,我就会惹上麻烦。

地点状语从句
常用引导词:where 特殊引导词:wherever, anywhere, everywhere Generally, air will be heavily polluted where there are factories. 一般来说,有工厂的地方空气污染就严重

Wherever you go, you should work hard. 无论你去哪里,你应该努力工作 地点状语从句一般由连接副词 where, wherever 等引导, 已经形成了固定的句型, 例如: Where there is no rain, farming is difficult or impossible. 在没有雨水的地方,耕作是困难的,或根本不可能的。 They were good persons. Where they went, there they were warmly welcomed. 他们都是好人。因此他们走到哪里都受到热烈欢迎。 You should have put the book where you found it. 你本来应该把书放回原来的地方。 Where the Communist Party of China goes, there the people are liberated. 哪里有了中国共产党,哪里人民就得解放。 Wherever the sea is , you will find seamen. 有海就有海员。

原因状语从句
常用引导词:because, since, as, for 特殊引导词:seeing that, now that, in that, considering that, given that. My friends dislike me because I’m handsome and successful. 我的朋友不喜欢我,因为我又英俊又成功。 Now that everybody has come, let’s begin our conference. 既然每个人都到了,让我们开始我们的会议吧。 The higher income tax is harmful in that it may discourage people from trying to earn more.

更高的收入税是有害的,因为它或许会阻碍人们努力赚钱。

目的状语从句
常用引导词:so that, in order that 特殊引导词:lest, in case, for fear that,in the hope that, for the purpose that, to the end that The boss asked the secretary to hurry up with the letters so that he could sign them. 老板要求秘书快写函件以便他能在上面签字。 The teacher raised his voice on purpose that the students in the back could hear more clearly. 为了让后面的学生听得更清楚,老师有意地提高了他的声音。

结果状语从句
常用引导词:so … that, such … that, 特殊引导词:such that, to the degree that, to the extent that, to such a degree that, He got up so early that he caught the first bus. 他很早起床以便赶上第一班公共汽车 It’s such a good chance that we must not miss it. 这是一个好机会,千万不能错过它 To such a degree was he excited that he couldn’t sleep last night. 他激动到这个程度,以至于他昨晚睡不着

条件状语从句
常用引导词:if, unless,whether(whether...or not)

特殊引导词:as/so long as, only if, providing/provided that, supposing that, in case that, on condition that We’ll start our project if the president agrees. 如果总统同意,我们将开始我们的项目 You will certainly succeed so long as you keep on trying. 你一定会成功,只要你继续努力 Provided that there is no opposition, we shall hold the meeting here. 如果没有人反对,我们就在这里开会

让步状语从句
常用引导词:though, although, even if, even though 特殊引导词: as( 用在让步状语从句中必须要倒装 ) , while ( 一般用在句首 ) , no matter …, in spite of the fact that, whatever, whoever, wherever, whenever, however, whichever Much as I respect him, I can’t agree to his proposal. 尽管我很尊敬他, 我却不同意他的建议。 The old man always enjoys swimming even though the weather is rough. 老人喜欢游泳,即使天气很恶劣 No matter how hard he tried, she could not change her mind. 不论他如何努力,她不会改变她的主意 He won’t listen whatever you may say. 他不会听你说什么

比较状语从句

常用引导词:as(同级比较), than(不同程度的比较) 特殊引导词:the more … the more … ; just as …, so…; A to B is what/as X is to Y; no … more than; not so much A as B She is as bad-tempered as her mother. 她和她妈妈一样脾气很坏 The house is three times as big as ours. 这房子是我们的三倍大 The more you exercise, the healthier you will be. 你运动的越多,你就越健康 Food is to men what oil is to machine. 食物之于人,犹如油之于机器。

方式状语从句
常用引导词:as, as if, how 特殊引导词:the way When in Rome, do as the Roman do. 入国问禁,入乡随俗 She behaved as if she were the boss. 她表现得就好像她是老板 Sometimes we teach our children the way our parents have taught us. 有时,我们用父母教导我们的方式教导我们的孩子

状语从句的简化

状语从句的省略 状语从句同时具备下列两个条件:①主句和从句的主语一致, 或从句主语为 it; ②从句主 要动词是 be 的某种形式。从句中的主语和 be 动词常可省略。例如: When ( the museum is ) completed , the museum will be open to the public next year . 当(博物馆)完成,该博物馆将于明年向公众开放 He’ll go to the seaside for his holiday if (it is ) possible. 如果可能,他将去海边度假的话 另外,比较状语从句经常省略。例如: I’m taller than he (is tall ). 我比他高 The higher the temperature (is), the greater the pressure (is ). 温度越高,压力越大 就状语从句而言,有时为了使语言言简意赅,常常将状语从句进行"简化"。状语从句的"简 化"现象在口语中较为普遍,而且在高考中的复现率也较高。因此,有必要对其进行全面、透彻 的了解。 状语从句的"简化"现象常存在于以下五种状语从句中:①由 if, unless 等引导的条件状语 从句;②由 although, though, even if / though 等引导的让步状语从句;③由 when, while, as, before, after, until / till 等引导的时间状语从句;④由 as, as if 等引导的方式状语从句;⑤由 as, than 等引导的比较状语从句。下面针对这五种情形作一归纳。 (1)当状语从句的主语是 it,且谓语动词是 be 时,it 和 be 要完全简化掉。例如: If (it is) possible, he will help you out of the difficulty. 如果可能的话,他会帮你摆脱困境。 You must attend the meeting unless (it is) inconvenient to you。 除非情况对你来说不方便,否则你必须出席这次会议。

(2)当状语从句的主语和主句的主语一致时,从句可以将主语和 be 动词简化掉。常用于 以下几种情形:

连词+形容词
As (he was) young, he learned how to ride a bike. 他小时候就学会了骑自行车。 Whenever (she is) free, she often goes shopping. 她有空就去逛商店。 Work hard when (you are) young, or you'll regret. 少壮不努力,老大徒伤悲。

连词+名词
While (he was) a young boy, he was always ready to help others. 他在孩子时代就乐于助人。 Although (he was) a farmer, now he is a famous director. 尽管他曾是个农民,但现在他是位著名的导演了。

连词+现在分词
As (she was) walking along the river bank, she was singing a pop song. 她沿着河堤边走边唱着流行歌曲。 Although (he is) doing his best in maths these days, he has still got no good marks. 尽管近来他一直在学数学,但他仍然没有取得好成绩。

连词+过去分词

He won't go there with us unless (he is) invited. 除非受到邀请,否则他不会和我们一道去那里。 The concert was a great success than (it was) expected .这场音乐会出乎意料地取得了巨大成功。

连词+不定式
He stood up as if (he were) to say something. 当时他站起来好像要说什么。 He wouldn't solve the problem even if (he were) to take charge. 即使他来负责,他也解决不了这个问题。

连词+介词短语
She looked anxious as though (she was) in trouble. 她看上去很焦急,好像遇到了麻烦。 He had mastered the English language before (he was) in the USA. 他到美国之前就懂英语了。 注意:当从句主语和主句主语不一致时 ,从句部分要么用完全形式 ,要么用独立主格结构 来表达。例如: When the meeting was over, all the people went out of the meeting-room. 当会议结束时,人们都走出了会议室。(=The meeting over)


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