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Unit 4
Text A Text Organization 1. Parts Part One Part Two Paragraphs Paras 1-3 Paras 4-5 Main Ideas Introduction to Davos Man and the World Economic Forum Debate over the impact of glob

alization on current society and culture History of globalization and its recent trends and future prospects Globalization versus nationalism and the challenges it faces

Part Three Paras 6-8 ppppPTThre eThree Part Four Paras. 9-11 2.

Main Events 1. Davos man spends a lot of time in places other than his native country. 2. Davos Man sees their identity as a mater of personal choice, not an accident of birth. 3. Davos Man believes that globalization, the unimpeded flows of capital, labor and technology across national borders, is both welcome and unstoppable. 4. Davos Man sees the world increasingly as one vast, interconnected market-place in which corporations search for the most advantageous locations to buy, produce and sell their goods and services.

Vocabulary I. 1. 1) advantageous 2) let alone 3) witnessing/vanishing 4) landmark 5) entitled 6) displace 7) Establishment 8) patriotic/strengthen 9) contradictions 10) aspires 11) divorced 12) pendulums 2. 1) come to 2) dozed off 3) believed in 4) was set apart 5) take in 6) sucks in 7) clean up 8) turn away 3. 1) …… makes no/little difference whether we go there by train or by bus. 2) …… overtaken General Motors as the world’s biggest car maker. 3) …… at odds with his wife over money matters. 4) …… been at the forefront of nanotechnology research. 5) …… let alone cook a meal. 4. 1) is increasingly/to accelerate/their investment 2) economy/make an earnest/domestic/strike a balance between 3) a handful of/be endorsed by/on a large scale II. Word Formation WTO World Trade Organization GDP Gross domestic product ATM Automated teller machine VAT Value-added tax CAD Computer-aided design IT Information technology IDD International direct dialing MTV Music television Radar Radio detecting and ranging IOC International Olympic Committee VIP Very important person Laser Light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation CPU Central processing unit

世界贸易组织 国内生产总值 自动出纳机 增值税 计算机辅助设计 信息技术 国际直拨电话 音乐电视 雷达 国际奥委会 贵宾,大人物 激光 中央处理器

III. Usage 1. An unusual present, a book on ethics, was given to Henry for his birthday. 2. The reason (he gave) that he didn’t notice the car till too late was unsatisfactory. 3. Football, his only interest in life, has brought him many friends. 4. Cloning had been raised as a possibility decades ago, then dismissed, something that

serious scientists thought was simply not going to happen anytime soon.

Comprehensive Exercises
I. Cloze (A) 1. academics 3.a variety of 5. vanish 7. endorsing 9. sweeping aside 11. erasing (B) 1. aided 3.distances 5. invested 7. prevailing 9. volume 2. networking 4. growth 6. facilitate 8. outlook 10. patriotic 12. strike a balance 2.effects 4. connected 6. features 8. qualitatively 10. Distinguishing

II. Translation 1. Due to his pessimistic outlook on the European economy, John has moved his assets from Europe to elsewhere.

2. I like hiring young people. They are earnest learners and committed to work. 3. Unlike her girl friends who center their lives on their children, Mary cares more about her personal growth. 4. Why is it that a considerable number of colleagues are at odds with you? 5. The Chinese government has introduced a variety of policies to strengthen cooperation with developing countries. 2. Globalization has great implications for young Chinese. For example, young farmers are moving on a large scale to urban areas to look for jobs. And for those young people who aspire to study abroad or work in foreign-invested enterprises, English has become increasingly important. At the same time, a considerable number of overseas Chinese students have returned home in recent years, for they hold an optimistic outlook for the long-term growth of the Chinese economy. The internet has strengthened the links between Chinese young people and those elsewhere. They follow the latest trend and copy foreign fashions. Some of them don’t seem to care for traditional Chinese virtues, let alone carry them forward, which has given rise to worries that the traditional Chinese culture might one day vanish. Part III Text B Comprehension Check 1. c 3. b 5. c Translation 1. 如果9/11 有什么引人注目的地方,那就是恐怖主义者们来自世界上全球 化程度最低、最不开放、融合程度最低的地方:沙特阿拉伯、也门、阿富 汗和巴基斯坦西北部。 2. “全球化疲劳在欧美仍很显著,而在中国和印度这样的地方,你会发现人 们急切地想参与到经济扩张迚程中来,”印度国大党的首席经济顾问杰伦 兰密施说。 3. 印度大多数人是不是还生活在贫穷的乡村?确实如此。我们是不是需要强 迫富裕的西方国家迚一步开发市场,好让贫穷国家销售它们最擅长的东西; 2. a 4. b 6. d

食品和纺织品,以使全球化更公平呢?当然需要。 4. 一,全球化有优点也有缺点,但如果参与全球化的国家有恰当的制度和管 理,它们就能从中获得最大的好处,并且能缓和最不利的方面造成的影响。 Language practice 1. 1) d 2. 1) globalizing 3) stable 5) A majority of 7) add to 9) blew up 11) phase out 2) software 4) subsidies 6) in evidence 8) so be it 10) take advantage of 12) You bet 2) f 3) e 4) a 5) b 6) g 7) h 8) c


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