现在分词 1分词有现在分词和过去分词两种。现在 分词由动词原形加词尾-ing构成。现在 分词除了具有动词的性质外，还具有形 容词和副词的性质。 1）Working hard, you will succeed. 2)Do you know that man carrying a large umbrella? 3）The story is interesting. 4) We h
eard him singing and dancing. 5) Being ill, he didn’t come.
2 形式 doing being done having done having been done 3现在分词作表语（相当于形容词） 实验的结果令人鼓舞。 The book is more interesting than any that I’ve ever read. 这本书比我所读过的都更有趣。 4现在分词作定语 1）exciting news 振奋人心的消息 a developing country 发展中国家 2）I like the girl sitting on the right. Diligence is the path leading to happiness.
The result of the experiment is encouraging. I like the girl who is sitting on the right.
Diligence is the path which leads to happiness. 3)a) drinking water(=water for drinking)饮用 水 b) drinking horses (= horses that are/were drinking) 正在饮水的马 a sleeping baby /a sleeping car
a sleeping baby 睡觉的婴儿 a sleeping car 卧铺车厢
5现在分词作宾语补足语 1)His words set me thinking. 他的话引起了我的思考。 set sb doing sth 使某人开始做某事 see, watch, notice ,observe, hear, listen to, look at, smell, find, think, feel… have, make, get… set ,keep, catch, leave… 2) I heard the door bell ringing. 我听见门铃在响。 （听的时候门铃正在响）
I heard someone knock at the door.我听见有人敲 门了。（门已经敲完了） I saw him go upstairs. I saw him going upstairs. 6现在分词作状语 １）作时间状语 Walking down the street, I ran into Sue. 我沿着街道走的时候碰到了苏。 Having finished his speech, he answered our questions.做完演讲后，他回答了我们的问题。 While going to school , I met a friend of mine.
While I was going to school , I met a friend of mine. 2）作原因状语 Being sick I stayed at home. Not knowing the language and having no friends in the country, he found it impossible to get a job. Having lived there for some time, she knew the place quite well. 3）作伴随或方式状语 All night long he lay awake, thinking of the problem. 他整夜未眠，躺着考虑这个问题。
He sat in the chair reading newspapers. 他坐在 椅子里读报。 He earns a living driving a lorry. 他靠开卡车 谋生。 ４）作结果状语 It rained heavily, causing severe flooding in that country. 大雨滂沱，造成了那个国家洪水泛滥。 5）作条件状语 Working hard, you will succeed. If arriving by plane, please let my secretary know.
7现在分词的形式 １）完成式（常用作状语，表示时间和 原因） Having noted down our names and addresses, the policeman dismissed us. Not having met him, I cannot tell you what he is like. 2)被动式 Being surrounded, the rebel troops were forced to surrender. 叛军被包围了,结果被迫投降。
Having been seriously injured in the accident, he had to be taken to the hospital immediately. 由于在事故中严重受伤，需要立刻把他送到 医院。 The question being discussed now involves pollution. 现在正讨论的问题涉及污染问题。 I can hear this song being sung in the hall now. 我现在能听见这首歌正在大厅内被人演唱。
由于他缺席，什么事也没法干。 __________ ,nothing could be done.
8独立结构（名词/代词+现在分词） 如果现在分词的逻辑主语与主句的主语不一致时， 就应在现在分词前加上逻辑主语，这便构成了现在 分词的独立主格结构，在句中常作时间状语、原因 状语、条件状语和伴随状语。 1）表示原因 The guide leading the way, we had no trouble getting out of the forest.(=As the guide led the way…)向导领着路，我们毫不费劲地走出森林。 由于他缺席，什么事也没法干。
He being absent, nothing could be done.
2）表示时间 All the students having sat down, the lecture began. (After all the students had sat down…) The bell ringing ,the students went into the classroom. 3)表示条件 Time permitting, we will answer your questions after discussion. (=If time permits…) 如果时间允许的话，我们会讨论之后回答你的问题。 There being another chance, he will certainly do better.
4表伴随动作 His hand waving in the air ,the little boy ran away.( As his hand was waving in the air…)小男孩的手在空 中摇晃着跑开了。 Diana stood motionless at the end of the diving board. Tears streamed down her cheeks.
Diana stood motionless at the end of the diving board, tears streaming down her cheeks. 9现在分词构成句子状语 独立成分 generally speaking 一般来说 He did quite well, taking everything into consideration. 总的来说，他干得很不错。
1)_____, the more expensive the camera, the better its quality. A. General speaking B. Speaking general C. Generally speaking D. Speaking generally 2)The manager,_____ it clear to us that he didn’t agree with us, left the meeting room. A. who has made B. having made C. made D. making
3)He is a student at Oxford University, _____ for a degree in computer science. A. studied B. studying C. to have studied D. to be studying 4) _____ in the queue for half an hour, the old man suddenly realized he had left the cheque in the car. A. Waiting B. To wait C. Having waited D. To have waited
5) _____ that he was in great danger, Eric walked deeper into the forest. A. Not realized B. Not to realize C. Not realizing D. Not to have realized 6)_____ that she was going off to sleep, I asked if she’d like that little doll on her bed. A. Seeing B. To see C. See D. Seen
1C 2 B
4 C 5C 6A
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