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2014届高考专题训练-任务型阅读


2014 届高考专题训练—任务型阅读
任务型阅读是根据《普通高中课程标准(实验) 》提出的“优化学习方式,提高自主 学习能力”的理念设计的,旨在考查考生根据学习任务的需要“用英语获取信息、处理信 息、分析和解决问题的能力” 。该题型要求考生在阅读所给语言材料的基础上对相关信息 进行加工,在读透文章、把握主题、理清文脉和审清题意的基础上以完成表格或图表的形 式完成相关文字

表达的任务。 一、文脉导引细节理解类 二、主题概括同意转述类

任务型阅读:
请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入恰当的单词。 注意:每个空格只填一个单词。 Have you ever wondered why there are so many skin colors in the world? Do you know why people living in particular areas usually have a certain color? Biology and history are the two reasons for this. Skin contains something called melanin, which determines a person’s skin color. The more melanin a person has, the darker his or her skin will be. The amount of and the production of melanin are controlled by genetics, but can be affected by other things, such as sunlight. If a person lives in a place with less sunlight, a person’s body will produce less melanin, making the skin lighter. Skin color is also affected by another source ---- vitamin D. humans all need vitamin D to build bones. People can get it by eating foods such as fish and milk, or from sunlight, so sunlight absorbed by melanin cannot be used for vitamin D production. Therefore, a dark—skinned person will produce less vitamin D than a light—skinned person when they received the same amount of sunlight. The connection between vitamin D production and skin color is clear when we look at evolution. The earliest humans lived in Africa, their dark skin produced less vitamin D because of their dark skin. As a result, their skin made less melanin, so they could get enough sunlight to produce vitamin D. their skin gradually got lighter and they lost hair. Now, people living in areas with strong sunlight like Africa, have darker skin, while people living in other areas have lighter
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skin. The exception to this is the Inuit, who live in a place with little sunlight, but have dark skin because they eat a lot of fish and have enough vitamin D. Evolution has given us a rainbow of skin colors. Humans have always had melanin to determine our skin color. What has changed through history is the environment where we have lived. This has in turn changed our melanin production, and eventually, skin color. A World of Skin Color Brief 1 People living in a particular 2 usually have the same skin color and

there are many different skin colors in the world. Reason for skin color Biology reasons The reasons for different skin colors mainly ? 3 in biology and history. 4 ,

The amount of melanin, by which a person’s skin color is

varies from people to people. The more melanin a person has, the 5 his or her skin will be. ? Vitamin D is another source 6 skin color. Vitamin D is

necessary for humans to build bones. Sunlight contributes to vitamin D in the skin. Historical reasons ? ? ? The earliest people in Africa dad dark skin with hair covering it because the sunlight is very strong. When they moved to places where they could not get enough sunlight to 7 vitamin D, their skin color became lighter.

Generally speaking, people in areas with strong sunlight, have darker skin 8 people in other areas have lighter skin.

9

Melanin

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an important role in our skin color. With our living

environment changing, melanin production is changed, which leads to the changes in our skin color.

江苏高考任务型阅读解题的有效性---- 表格式:

一、审题:
1、审题目要求。 ①、是否可用文中的词填写。 ②、弄清字数限制。 此任务阅读限定每个空格只填一个词;对是否用文中的词填写没有限制即可用文中的词。 2、审任务设置类型。 ①、 表格式。 (结构常为对比陈述;通常分左右栏,左栏为文章提纲右栏文章细节。 ) 此短文设置表格任务型。左栏为文章提纲:brief introduction、reasons、biology reasons、
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historical reasons、conclusion;右栏为支撑每一 topic 的细节。 ②、 树状式。 (结构常为先总后分; 通常分上下框, 上框为 topic sentences,下框为 supporting sentences。 )

二、阅读:
1. 读图表。 (快速浏览,了解短文的写作提纲。 ) 浏览图表,了解:topic sentence 1 2. 读短文。 ①、快读:快速浏览全文,抓住文章主题,同时结合图表,洞悉文章结构。 Paragraph 1 Topic sentence 1 … details topic sentence 2 details …

②、细读:仔细阅读,获取充分信息,查出答题的对应信息点。 第一空 paragraph 1 归纳结构类词; 第二空对应信息点为 why people living in particular areas usually have…; 第三空对应信息点为 biology and history are the two reasons for this,要求学同义转换; 第四空对应信息点为 which determines a person’s skin color; 第五空对应信息点为…by producing more melanin, making the skin darker; 第六空对应信息点为 skin color is also affected by another source—vitamin D; 第七空对应信息点为… a dark—skinned person will produce less…; 第八空对应信息点为… having darker skin, while people …; 第九空对应信息点为 paragraph 5 归纳结构类词; 第十空对应信息点为… had melanin determine our skin color.

三、答题。
1. 结构类的词: ⑴、 熟记常见结构类词汇。归纳掌握常见的表达文章结构的概括性词汇:introduction(导 入 ) 、 cause/reason( 原 因 ) 、 advantage( 优 点 ) 、 disadvantage( 不 足 ) 、 attitude( 态 度 ) 、 result/effect/consequence(结果)、suggestion/advice/tip(建议)、及 dos 和 don’ts 等。 ⑵、 确定答案。 ①、联系图表左栏的上下栏,确定用词及词的形式。 (大小写、单复数、动词+ing 等) ②、联系图表左栏与之相对应的右栏的细节,归纳结构类用词和词的形式。 (大小写、 单复数、动词+ing 等 2. 细节类的词:
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⑴、明确信息点。细读文章,明确答题的相应信息点在文中的具体位置,确定用词后归纳 用词。 ⑵、上下前后。 ①、对照短文中的信息点,联系图表右栏的上下栏目,确定词(文中原词或归纳的词的形 式。 (大小写、单复数、动词+ing 等) ②、对照短文中的信息点,联系所填词的前后,确定用词(文中原词或归纳的词)的形式。 ⑶敲定答案。根据短文信息点,联系填空上下前后,敲定答案。 第一空 introduction;第九空 conclusion,联系图表上下前后开头字母大写、单数。 第二空信息点为 areas, 联系前后搭配 a … 故用 area; 第三空同义转换 are lie;

第四空信息点为… which determines…, 联系前后搭配… color is… 转换为 determined; 第五空信息点为… making the skin darker,故用 darker; 第六空信息点为… is also affected by…,联系前后句子结构故用 affecting 做后置定语。 第七空信息点为… will produce less vitamin…联系前后 to…, 故用原型 produce。 第八空信息点为… skin, while people living in other …, 故用 while。 第十空信息点为… had melanin determine our … 联系前后搭配故用 plays。

四、检查。
检查单词的拼写、大小写、单复数、时态、语态等。 introduction affecting 实例分析: Teamwork is just as important in science as it is on the playing field or in the gym. Scientific investigations(调查) are almost always carried out by teams of people working together. Ideas are shared, experiments are designed, data are analyzed, and results are evaluated and shared with other investigators. Group work is necessary, and is usually more productive than working alone. Several times throughout the year you may be asked to work with one or more of your classmates. Whatever the task your group is assigned, a few rules need to be followed to ensure a productive and successful experience.
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area produce

lie while

determined Conclusion

darker plays

What comes first is to keep an open mind, because everyone’s ideas deserve consideration and each group member can make his or her own contribution. Secondly, it makes a job easier to divide the group task among all group members. Choose a role on the team that is best suited to your particular strengths. Thirdly, always work together, take turns, and encourage each other by listening, clarifying, and trusting one another. Mutual support and trust often make a great difference. Activities like investigations are most effective when done by small groups. Here are some more suggestions for effective team performance during these activities: Make sure each group member understands and agrees to the task given to him or her, and everyone knows exactly when, why and what to do; take turns doing various tasks during similar and repeated activities; be aware of where other group members are and what they are doing so as to ensure safety; be responsible for your own learning, though it is by no means unwise to compare your observations with those of other group members. When there is research to be done, divide the topic into several areas, and this can explore the issue in a very detailed way. You are encouraged to keep records of the sources used by each person, which helps you trace back to the origin of the problems that may happen unexpectedly. A format for exchanging information (e.g., photocopies of notes, oral discussion, etc.) is also important, for a well-chosen method not only strengthens what you present but also makes yourself easily understood. When the time comes to make a decision and take a position on an issue, allow for the contributions of each member of the group. Most important of all, it is always wise to make decisions by compromise and agreement. After you’ve completed a task with your team, make an evaluation of the team’s effectiveness — the strengths and weaknesses, opportunities and challenges.

Title

Working Together

5

Theme General rules

Effective performance needs highly cooperated (71) ? ▲ . ·Keep an open mind to everyone’s (72) ? ▲ . · Divide the group task among group members. · ?▲ (73) and trust each other. task of one’s own.

(74) ? ▲

· Understand and agree to the (75) ? ▲ · Take turns doing various tasks. · Show concern for others to ensure safety. · Take (76) ? ▲ for one’s own learning.

· Compare your own observations with those of others. Explore an issue · Break the (77) ? ▲ into several areas.

· Keep records of the sources just in (78) ? ▲ . · ?▲ (79) your information with others via proper format.

· Make all decisions by compromise and agreement. (80) ? ▲ Effectiveness · Analyze the strengths and weaknesses. · Find out the opportunities and challenges.

[语篇解读] 本文重在讲述如何使团队协作更为有效地进行。 第一段概述团队协作在科学研 究中的意义;第二、三段联系学生实际引出同学间团队协作的三个规则;第四、五段提出 调查研究类活动中如何进行有效协作;最后一段讲述如何对团队协作的有效性进行评估。 [答案与剖析] 71.[答案] teamwork [剖析]这是对全文的高度概括,文中第一段的中心句即第一句

“Teamwork is just as important in science as it is on the playing field or in the gym.”也给予了 较为明显的暗示。 72.[答案] ideas/opinions/views/thoughts [剖析] 由文中第三段第一句“What comes first is to keep an open mind, because everyone’s ideas deserve consideration and each group member can make his or her own contribution.”可知。注意:名词单复数的变化。 73.[答案] Support/Encourage/Back [剖析] 由文中第三段最后两句“Thirdly, always work
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together, take turns, and encourage each other by listening, clarifying, and trusting one another. Mutual support and trust often make a great difference.”可知。注意:根据表格中的行文规律, 这里是祈使语气,应用动词原形且须大写,与上两行“Keep, Divide”相一致。 74.[答案]Suggestions [剖析]由文中第四段中心句,即该段第二句“Here are some more

suggestions for effective team performance during these activities.”可知。此外,表格中对应的 右边一格正是 suggestions 的具体内容。注意:名词的单复数变化和大、小写。 75.[答案] given/assigned [ 剖 析 ] 由 第 三 段 第 三 行 “Make sure each group member

understands and agrees to the task given to him or her,”可知。注意:这里可以使用 given 的 同意词 assigned“分配”。 76.[答案] responsibility [剖析]由文中第四段倒数第三行“be responsible for your own

learning,…”可知。注意:这里根据表格内的表达方式需要进行词形转换。将形容词 responsible 转化成名词 responsibility. 77.[答案]topic/subject/issue [剖析]由文中第五段第一句“When there is research to be done,

divide the topic into several areas, and this can explore the issue in a very detailed way.”可知。 注 意:这里可以使用 topic 的近义词:subject, issue. 78.[答案] case [剖析] “just in case”在这里表示“以备用,以防用得着”,根据文中第五段

第二句“You are encouraged to keep records of the sources used by each person, which helps you trace back to the origin of the problems that may happen unexpectedly.”可知。 79.[答案] Exchange/Share [ 剖 析 ] 由 文 中 第 五 段 第 三 句 “A format for exchanging

information (e.g., photocopies of notes, oral discussion, etc.) is also important,…”可知。 80.[答案] Evaluate [剖析] 由文中最后一段可知。注意:根据表格中表达方式的需要, 文中名词 evaluation 应转化成动词 Evaluate. 高频词用法 第一组“观点类” (opinion/view/attitude/idea/thought/mind) Opinion 意见、想法(feelings or thoughts) (about/of/on)

View 1.(a personal)看法、意见、见解、态度 (about/on)
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2.(理解或思维的)方式/方法 (a way) (of) Attitude 态度、看法 (to/towards)

Idea 想法、构思、主意(a plan,thought or suggestion)(for/of) 1. 意见、看法、信念(an opinion or a belief) (about) 2. 3.目标、意图 Thought (of)

1.想法、看法、记忆 (of)

2.关心、关怀、顾虑、忧虑 (a feeling of care or worry) (for) 3.意图、打算;希望、念头(an intention or hope)(of) Mind 心思(thoughts, interest) 第二组“原因类” (reason/cause/explanation) Reason 原因、理由、解释 (for)正当理由、道理、情理 (to do/for) Cause 理由、动机(a reason) (for) 原因

Explanation 解释、说明、阐述 (for) 解释性文字、说明性文字 第三组“对比因果类” (advantage/function/quality/significance/disadvantage/ problem/consequence/result/outcome/effect/response) Advantage 优点 优势、有利条件 (over) Function 功能、机能(a special activity or purpose of a person or thing) Quality 质量、品质 Significance (尤指对未来有影响的)重要性、意义 Disadvantage 不利因素、障碍 (of/to) Consequence 后果、结果 (for) Result 后果、结果(of) Outcome 结果、效果(the result or effect) Effect 效应、影响、效果(the effect of heat on metal)(艺术家或作家所要创造的)外观声响 效果 Response 反应、响应(a reaction) (to)回复、答复(spoken or written) (to) 第四组“方法类” (way/solution/method) Way 方法、手段、途径、方式 (to do sth./of doing sth.)

Solution 解决方法、处理手段(to)答案、谜底(to sth.) Method 方法、办法、措施(a particular way) (of/for)
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第五组“目标类” (prediction/expectation/hope/aim/purpose/dream) Prediction 预言、预测 Expectation 预期、期待(of)希望、盼望、期望、指望 Hope 希望(a belief that sth. you want will happen) (of/for) 希望期望的事情(东西) Dream 梦想、理想 Aim 目的、目标 Purpose(the intention)意图、 (aim)目的、 (function)用途/目标 第六组“意见类” (suggestion/advice) Suggestion 建议、提议(for/about/on) Advice 劝告、忠告、建议、意见 (on) 第七组“信息类” (news/information/content/period) News 消息、音信 媒体对重要事情的新闻报道 Information 信息、情报 (about/on)

Content 主题、主要内容 Period 人生或国家历史的阶段时期(时代)

任务型阅读专项训练
1(303,字数不足,未做过) 认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空格 1 个单词 Human ancestor had mix of primitive, modern traits This undated handout photograph shows scientists David Lordkipanidze and Tea Jashashvili with remains of early human ancestors excavated at a site in the nation of Georgia. The earliest-known human ancestors to migrate out of Africa possessed a surprising mix of human-like and primitive features, according to scientists who studied remains dug up at a fossil-rich site in the former Soviet republic of Georgia. Writing on Wednesday in the journal Nature, the scientists described remains of three adults and one adolescent dating from about 1.77 million years ago, excavated at Dmanisi, about 55
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miles southwest of the Georgian capital, Tbilisi. The remains shed light on a little-understood but critical period in human evolution -- the transition from the more ape-like creatures known as australopithecines to the genus Homo, of which modern humans are a member. The spines and lower limbs found at the Dmanisi site appear very much like modern humans, suggesting these individuals, which walked fully upright, were highly capable of long-distance treks, the researchers said. But other aspects of the skeletons had more archaic characteristics. The arms were more like australopithecines than people, and the primitive skulls encased relatively small brains. Their simple stone tools also are less advanced than one might have expected, the researchers said. They described the remains as "a surprising mosaic" of primitive and modern features. "These are the earliest humans found outside of Africa. This is the time when our genus spread outside of Africa," David Lordkipanidze of the Georgian National Museum, who led the research, said in a telephone interview. "Their heads are primitive. Their legs are very human-like." Scientists had previously described skulls found at the site, but in recent years found far more extensive remains of the skeletons of these creatures, giving them a more detailed understanding of these denizens of early human history. Title: Human ancestor had mix of primitive, modern traits P ara. 1 Discovery The earliest-known human ancestors to migrate ___1___ Africa ____2__ a surprising mix of human-like and primitive features. 3 The The remains drew ___4___ to a little-understood but topic The details

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___3___ discovery 4

of

the

critical ___5___ in human evolution.

The with

The spines and lower limbs found at the Dmanisi site ___7___ very much like modern humans------walking fully upright and highly capable of long-distance treks. The arms were more like australopithecines than from people, and the primitive skulls encased relatively small brains. Their simple stone tools also are less advanced than one might have ___9___.

___6___

modern humans 5 The

___8___

modern humans

7

The more

___10___ scientists have found far more extensive remains of the skeletons of these creatures, giving them a more detailed understanding of these denizens of early human history. 2(字数 373,未做过)

helpful evidence

认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空格 1 个单词 Central bank may raise mortgage rate The central bank is supposed to increase the interest rate of mortgage loans (按揭贷款) to 1.1 times the benchmark(标准)one-year lending rate this week, sources said. The move is an attempt to curb(控制) the rise in house prices and speculation 投机) in the ( property market.The current five-year lending rate has reached 7.83 percent after the central bank raised the interest rate for the fifth time this year on September 13.This means the interest rate for five-year mortgage loans could reach as high as 8.613 percent if the central bank makes a move this week."With the expansion of mortgage loans, and as the central bank continuously raises interest rates, mortgage loans are beginning to face a high danger of default(违约)," China Construction Bank (CCB) said in its latest report. Total non-performing mortgage loans in three major commercial banks - CCB, the
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Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, and Bank of China - rose to 19.2 billion yuan at the end of 2006 from 18.4 billion yuan in 2005, according to CCB. The central bank is likely to stipulate commercial banks to raise mortgage deposits to at least 40 percent for homebuyers who intend to buy a second apartment, according to the source. "Homebuyers will have to make a down payment of 40 percent to buy a second apartment, and for apartments for commercial use, the down payment will be raised to as high as 50 percent," he said. The minimum deposit for an apartment of more than 90 sq m is currently 30 percent while for apartments less than 90 sq m it's 20 percent. The central bank will also ask commercial banks to end lending to property developers who hoard(囤积)land and house for speculation(投机) purposes, according to the source. Property prices in 70 major cities jumped 8.2 percent in August from a year earlier after gaining 7.5 percent in July, according to figures from the National Development and Reform Commission. Housing prices in Beijing rose 12.1 percent from a year earlier, while prices in Shenzhen went up 20.8 percent. Title: Central bank may raise mortgage rate 1). The central bank is ___2___ to increase the interest rate of mortgage loans to 1.1 times the benchmark one-year The ___1___ from the informed sources lending rate. 2). It is ___3___ for the central bank to stipulate commercial banks to raise mortgage deposits for homebuyers who plan to buy___4___ apartment. 3). The central bank will also ___5___ commercial banks to ____6__ lending to property developers who hoard land and house for speculation purposes.

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The ___7___ for raising the mortgage rate A ___9___ possible

The action aims to ___8___ the rise in house prices and speculation in the property market. As the central bank raises interest rates, mortgage loans may face a high __10___ of default.

3(字数不足,未做过) 认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空格 1 个单词 Men aren't as tough as they think they are Frailty(脆弱), your name is man. So said China's doctors Sunday on the eighth "Men's Health Day".Men in China are widely affected by bad living habits, a lack of awareness about mental and physical health issues, and a lack of exercise. Shan Li, a psychologist with the DRM Professional Counseling, said men are more heavily burdened with "social responsibilities". "They live in poorer 'mental circumstances' and have poorer life quality than women in general, often frustrated but don't feel free to vent their emotions," Shan said. Zhang Kan, a psychologist, said: "Men have shorter life expectancy than women an undeniable part of the reason lies in the psychology". Professor Gu Jun from the Shanghai University said men frequently are burdened with the pressure of work, marriage troubles, and at times difficulties with children. Shanghai Women's Federation (SWF) found that some 20 percent of complaints it received were from men.This has sparked calls that there was a need for a federation for men. Other statistics show men have a general laxsidasical attitude towards health issues. Figures from the 412 Hospital in Shanghai showed that 90 percent of men don't know they should or believe they should have an annual health check.Twenty percent of men never do any kind of physical exercise.Many claimed they did not want to exercise because they were busy, tired, or
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focused too much on other "more important" matters. Men, more than women are also more likely drink, smoke and get ill.A urologist with 412 Hospital said occurrences of male diseases such as prostate(前列腺) problems and male sterility(不育) were rising. 1.______ ____with men in China The men in China are widely affected by bad living habits, 2___ of mental and physical health issues and a lack of exercise. to SWF. 4). They are more likely to get ill. 5). prostate problems and male sterility are rising. 1). They are often frustrated but don’t feel free to 4______ their emotions. 2). Men have shorter life 5______ with women in general. 3). Many of them 6_____ 1). Men are 8________ with the pressure of work, marriage troubles and difficulties with children. 2). Most of them don’t have 9______ their health checked. 3). 20 percent of them never do any kind of exercise. 4). Many of them are 10______to drinking or smoking. Details to 3_______ 7________for the situation

4(331,未做过) 认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空格 1 个单词 Wealthy Chinese do not have a good reputation, a survey by China Youth Daily and Sina.com has found. The poll, conducted last week, showed about 70 percent of 3,990 interviewees believe the well-off are immoral and not worthy of respect. Only 4 percent thought rich people are good, the
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survey said. For the rich to become popular they need to do three things, the survey suggested. First, they need to have a sense of social responsibility. Second, they need to be self disciplined, and third, they need to have a caring heart. The number of people who make at least $50,000 a year increases by 15 percent a year and, according to the China Economic Times, the country now has 1.5 million rich people. The China Youth Daily and Sina.com survey found interviewees questioned how the rich became rich in the first place. "Some rich people are thought to have accumulated their wealth through illegal means, such as bribery," said a post-graduate student at the Communication University of China. Even so, the survey found wealthy people who abide by( 遵守) the law, have a sense of social responsibility and a caring heart, are respected. The poll showed about 60 percent thought these kinds of wealthy people were worthy of respect. The survey suggested many voters were much better disposed toward rich people from Hong Kong, Macao, Taiwan and Western economies - rather than the mainland. Hong Kong property tycoon(巨头,大亨) Li Ka-shing was most highly regarded, followed by Bill Gates, mainland property tycoon Wang Shi and basketball player Yao Ming. "Rich people on the mainland invest too little in charity and gain too much," a student from Beijing Sports University said. Yu Guoming, a professor at Renmin University of China, called on the heads of Chinese companies to think and invest in a long-term way. "Corporate social duty is not only about charity, it also connects the company with the government and the public."

Title

Our Nation’s rich have poor reputation

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The ___1___ survey Things that the rich ___3__ of the

About 70 percent of 3,990 interviewees believe the well-off are not ___2___ and not worthy of respect. Only the percentage of 4 thought rich people are good. 1. They need to be ___4___ for the __5____. 2. They need to be self disciplined. 3. They need to have a caring heart.

People’s ___6___ rich . towards

1. Some rich have ___7___wealth through illegal means. 2. People who ___8___ the law, have a sense of social responsibility and a caring heart, are respected. 3. Rich people on the mainland invest too little in charity and ___9___ too much.

A professor’s view

Corporate social ___10___ is not only about charity, it also connects the company with the government and the public.

5(字数足,未做过) 认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入最恰当的单词。 注意:每空格 1 个单词,不得用文章中的单词。 Once a circle lost a piece. The circle wanted to be whole, so it went around looking for its missing piece. But because it was incomplete, it rolled very slowly. On the way, it admired the flower along the road, chatted with worms and enjoyed the sunshine. One day the circle found the piece that fitted perfectly. It was so happy that it could be whole, with nothing missing, the circle put the missing piece into itself and began to roll. Now that it was a perfect circle, it could roll very fast, too fast to notice flowers or talk to the worms. When it realized how different the
16

world seemed when it rolled quickly, it stopped, left that piece by the side of the road and rolled slowly away. The lesson of the story is that, in some sense, we are more perfect when we are missing something. The man who has everything is in some ways a poor man. He will never know what it feels like to expect, to hope and to nourish (滋养) his soul with the dream of something better. There is a wholeness about the person who has come to accept his limitations and who has been brave enough to throw away unrealistic (不切实际的) dreams and does not feel like a failure for doing so. There is a wholeness about the one who has learned that he or she is strong enough to go through hard times and survive. Life is not a spelling game, where no matter how many words you’ve got right, you fail if you make one mistake. Life is more like a baseball season, where even the best team loses one third of its games and even the worst team has its good days. Our goal is to win more games than we lose. When we accept that imperfection is part of being human, and when we can continue rolling through life and enjoy it, we will have reached a wholeness. That is what life asks of us ---- not “be perfect”, not “don’t even make a mistake”, but “be whole”. If we are brave enough to love, strong enough to forgive, generous enough to rejoice in another’s happiness, and wise enough to know there is enough love around us all, then we can achieve a sense of fulfillment that no other living creature will ever feel. Title: The wholeness of life Main comparisons The incomplete circle Contexts Searching for its missing piece, it (1) ____ slowly, doing what it wanted to on the way. The perfect circle After (2) ____ the missing piece to itself, it rolled fast, unable to take (3) ____ of everything. Thinking (4) ____, it left the piece and became slow.

17

A something

person

(5)

____

He is even (6) ____, in some ways than the one with everything. He (7) ____ expect, hope and nourish his soul with the dream of something better. The author’s attitude toward life

A person with everything

(8) ____ conclusion

Accepting his limitations and throwing away unrealistic dreams (9) ____ can make a person successful. And to live a whole life, a person must learn about himself, his strength and (10) ____ hard times and survive.

我提供一个不知是否做过: In a fast changing world, people seldom see a device or equipment that lasts for a long time these days. There are always new inventions, different models, or upgrades cropping up one after the other and as consumers people highly anticipate the faster and better kind than what they already have. Therefore it is quite a surprise that a mini projector(投影仪) is still in use today not only in small scale businesses, schools, or homes but in big corporations and institutions as well. Sure it has a few additional features here and there but the main function is the same. A mini projector today has been fitted with top of the line parts and high quality materials to ensure its efficiency and performance can meet the demands of whoever it is for. It is so designed that it can be used indoors or outdoors with the same functions. The mini projector, as the name suggests, is handy and compact and can easily be brought anywhere by just one person. It can support a broader scope of signals now; USB and card readers are now installed to cope with the pieces of equipments that people use today to store data. It can be used at home where it can provide as a form of entertainment or start a
18

conversation during family bonding times. The owner can easily use the mini projector to share with other members the photos and videos of one particular vacation, or just to play a series of beautiful landscapes. Offices also benefit from a mini projector especially during an important meeting or presentation. With at par resolution(标准的分辨率), employees can easily decipher(辨认) the text or data with the use of a mini projector, its bright LED light is sufficient enough to provide a bright and clear image without distortion(变形). Users can now bring this anywhere with them and can be especially useful on a location where the voltage(电压) is unknown. Perhaps one of the more common places where a mini projector is used constantly is in schools. Teachers or professors use this as an aid to a lesson or discussion to provide better visual aids than usual and to even deliver their lecture with the use of a mini projector and minimize the use of a board and writing pen. It is often said that children have a very short attention span but they remember things more when things are presented to them visually. This is the perfect use of a mini projector in classrooms where kids easily forget their lesson for the day. Teachers use this to show the class pictures or illustrations that tie with the topics for students to remember. Title Theme are still widely used though there are newer and more modern inventions. · works efficiently and can meet the specific demands of its(73)_______. It · ______ used indoors or outdoors, the mini project remains the same (74) Additional (72)_______ function. ·Handy and compact, it’s easy for a single person to carry wherever he likes. · (75)______ a broader scope of signals. It ·What’s more, people can use it to store data by (76)____ USB and card The mini projector and its uses (71)_______ many other devices in this fast changing world, mini projectors

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readers. · mini projector makes family times more interesting, allowing family A The (77)_______ of a mini projector members to (78)______ themselves. · With a mini projector, employees have little (79)______ in explaining the text or data at an important meeting or presentation. · Aided by a mini projector, teachers and professors can present a lesson or discussion visually, which will help students achieve (80)_____ study results.

71.Unlike 76.installing

72 features

73 users 74 Whether 79.difficulty

75 supports 80.better

77.benefits 78 enjoy

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