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定语从句知识清单


定语从句考点归纳: 考点清单一: 关系代词与关系副词的使用区别 1. I still remember the day _____________ I first came to Beijing. 2. I still remember the day _____________ I spent in Beijing. 3. This is the house _________

____ I lived 2 years ago. 在句中做________语

在句中做________语

在句中做________语

4. This is the house _____________ I bought 2 years ago. 在句中做________语 5. The reason _____________ he was late is that his car broke down. 在句中做________语 6. The reason _____________ he gave us is not reasonable. 在句中做________语

思考:先行词是时间/地点/原因时,引导词一定用 when/where/why 吗? 考点清单二:先行词是物时,关系代词 that 与 which 的区分 用 that 不用 which 记忆口诀: 不定序数最高级,有人有物有疑问词,only, very, right 来修饰,还有作表语是特例。 1. China isn’t the country that it used to be. 2. Mary was much kinder to Jack than she was to the others, _____ of course, made all the others upset. (11,北京) A. who B. which C. what D. that

3. Julie was good at German, French and Russian, all of _____ she spoke fluently. (11, 湖南) A. who B. whom C. which D. that

用 which 不用 that 的情况:___________________________________________ 。 考点清单三:定语从句中介词的正确使用: 1. Gun control is a subject ______ Americans have argued for a long time. (09, 陕西) A. of which B. with which C. about which D. into which

2. Wind power is an ancient source of energy _______we may return in the near future. (10 上海) A. on which B. by which C. to which D. from which

3. It is reported that two schools, both________ are being built in my hometown, will open next year.(07,四川) A. of which B. with which C. about which D. into which

4. By nine o’clock, all the Olympic torch bearers had reached the top of Mount Qomolongma,

__________ appeared a rare rainbow.(08 福建) A. of which B. on which C. from which D. above which

思考:介词与哪些关系代词连用?你知道定语从句中介词的选用取决于什么? _________________________________________________________________________. 考点清单四:关于 whose 1.The old temple _______ roof was damaged in a storm is now under repair. (10, 陕西) The old temple is now under repair,the roof ________ was damaged in a storm. 强调: whose +n= ___________________________ / _________________________________ 考点清单五:关系代词 as 1 This is the same pen________ I lost yesterday.

2.Don’t read such books ________ you didn’t understand.. 3. Mike, _______ we expected, attended the meeting 4. ________is often the case with young people, he is overconfident. 5. The weather turned out to be very good, _______was more than we could expect. 思考:as 什么时候引导限制性定语从句?as 和 which 引导的非限制性定语从句有何区别? 考点清单六:where 的先行词必须是一个地点吗? 1. Can you think of some cases ________ students obviously know the problems but can't work them out? 2. I have reached a point in my life _____ I am supposed to make decisions of my own. (09, 浙江) A. which B. where C. how D. why

3. ---What do you think of teaching? ---I find it fun and challenging. It is a job______ you are doing something serious but interesting.(09, 北京) A. where B. which C. when D. that

总结:表示一个“模糊地点” ,其后常用 where 引导定语从句的先行词还有哪些? _______________________________________________________________________________ 考点清单七:way 做先行词时,关系词如何使用? The way ______________ he explained to us was quite simple

The way _______________he explained the sentence to us was not difficult to understand. 考点清单八:分隔式定语从句和含有插入语的定语从句 1. She has a gift for creating an atmosphere for her students _______ allows them to communicate freely with each other. (11,福建) A. which B. where C. what D. who

2. You have never been to Tibet, but it is the place _____. A. where I think you'd like to visit C. I think you most want to visit B. in which I think you'd like to visit D. that I think you want to visit it most

技巧点拨:分隔式要理清句式,找准先行词;含有插入语要去除插入语,理清句子成分。 考点清单九:判定定语从句和并列句 1. I saw some trees, and the leaves of _______ were black with disease. 2. I saw some trees ;the leaves of ______ were black with disease. 3.I saw some trees, the leaves of ______ were black with disease. 考点清单十:定语从句与名词性从句和强调句的区别与联系: 1.The fact 2. The fact we talked about is very important. (定语从句/ 同位语从句?) the Chinese invented the compass is known to all. (定语/ 同位语)?

3. _______ is known to all, the 2012 Olympic Games will take place in London. = _______ is known to all is that the 2012 Olympic Games will take place in London. = _______ is known to all that the 2012 Olympic Games will take place in London. 4. It is on the farm _________ we worked _________ we got to know each other. 思考:如何区分定语从句和名词性从句?含定语从句的强调句如何辨别?


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