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Unit One Caring for Our Earth
Passage A Care for Our Mother Earth

Group work Work in groups and translate the following into English. 2009年9月2日消息,一位海洋 摄影师(an ocean photographer) 日前在挪威(Norway)斯瓦尔巴德 群岛(Svalbard Islands)东北地岛 (Svalbard Islands) 偶然拍摄到冰盖(an ice cap) (an cap)融化 (melt)形成的天然雕塑 (sculpture)——一张哭泣的脸。 Speaking What can you see in the picture? And what can you learn from it? 这似乎是大自然对我们的警告— —地球母亲正在为我们的环境状 况担忧。“她”那只不愿张开的 眼睛里饱含痛苦,而“眼泪”— —冰盖融化而成的水则不断地流 着。

Brainstorming ? List as many environmental problems as you know. ? air pollution, water pollution, deforestation, desertification, acid rain, global warming, drought, flood, indoor pollution, etc.

Look Around
Look at the following pictures, and think about it’s effect on environment.

Heat island effect Destroy ozone layer Cooler or warmer? what? – Mid-gate of Chongqing University

Art of advertisement? – the fourth dinning hall of Chongqing university

Can you imagine what the effect will be if the water is drained into Jialing River directly?

What to drink?

A newly formed desert near Qinghai Lake because of over pasturing. It was a piece of grassland several years ago.

The Yellow River

Coal dust and gases-- Linfen, Shanxi

Sandstorm --- Hetian, Xinjiang What to breathe? And how?

Lead-in
Listen to the following passage about global warming and try to fill the missing words in the blanks. You will hear the passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its original idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

First time ? Globala warming may be the most harmful environmental Plant tree. Trees “6) ________” carbon dioxide, but only as long 1) _____________ problemas they’re living. have created, and the most difficult to ? Install low-flow shower heads and faucets. You’ll use less solve. Our society is largely 2) ________ by the fossil fuels that than half the water without 7) ___________________. cause global warming. Its electronics and appliances. Then, ? Buy energy-efficient growing consequences ― ecological disruption, floods, droughts, diseaseuse.are convincing more and turn them off when they’re not in ― ? Reduce! that we Recycle! Recycling a stack of newspapers more people Reuse! must cut down 3) ___________ pollution. only 8) _____________ will save a good sized tree. ? Many people view 9) _________ against global warming. Mount a local global warming as a problem too large and too 4) ________ community they can do to 5) ________________. Educate your for anything about how to cut greenhouse gas pollution. reality, measures at the national and to stop, or However, inSupportthere are lots of things we can dolocal levels that increase energy efficiency, and that 10) _________ the at least to reduce it. use of clean, renewable solar and wind technology.
2nd time

Second time ? Globala warming may be the most harmful environmental Plant tree. Trees “6) ________” carbon dioxide, but only as long 1) _____________ problemas they’re living. have created, and the most difficult to ? Install low-flow shower heads and faucets. You’ll use less solve. Our society is largely 2) ________ by the fossil fuels that than half the water without 7) ___________________. cause global warming. Its electronics and appliances. Then, ? Buy energy-efficient growing consequences ― ecological disruption, floods, droughts, diseaseuse.are convincing more and turn them off when they’re not in ― ? Reduce! that we Recycle! Recycling a stack of newspapers more people Reuse! must cut down 3) ___________ pollution. only 8) _____________ will save a good sized tree. ? Many people view 9) _________ against global warming. Mount a local global warming as a problem too large and too 4) ________ community they can do to 5) ________________. Educate your for anything about how to cut greenhouse gas pollution. reality, measures at the national and to stop, or However, inSupportthere are lots of things we can dolocal levels that increase energy efficiency, and that 10) _________ the at least to reduce it. use of clean, renewable solar and wind technology.
3rd time

Third time ? Globala warming may be the most harmful environmental Plant tree. Trees “6) ________” carbon dioxide, but only as long 1) _____________ problemas they’re living. have created, and the most difficult to ? Install low-flow shower heads and faucets. You’ll use less solve. Our society is largely 2) ________ by the fossil fuels that than half the water without 7) ___________________. cause global warming. Its electronics and appliances. Then, ? Buy energy-efficient growing consequences ― ecological disruption, floods, droughts, diseaseuse.are convincing more and turn them off when they’re not in ― ? Reduce! that we Recycle! Recycling a stack of newspapers more people Reuse! must cut down 3) ___________ pollution. only 8) _____________ will save a good sized tree. ? Many people view 9) _________ against global warming. Mount a local global warming as a problem too large and too 4) ________ community they can do to 5) ________________. Educate your for anything about how to cut greenhouse gas pollution. reality, measures at the national and to stop, or However, inSupportthere are lots of things we can dolocal levels that increase energy efficiency, and that 10) _________ the at least to reduce it. use of clean, renewable solar and wind technology.
Check up

Global warming may be the most human beings harmful environmental problem 1) _____________ have created, and the most difficult to powered solve. Our society is largely 2) ________ by the fossil fuels that cause global warming. Its growing consequences ― ecological disruption, floods, droughts, disease ― are convincing more and more people that we must cut down 3) ___________ pollution. greenhouse Many people view global warming as a problem too large and too 4) ________ for anything they can do to 5) ________________. However, in reality, there are lots of things we can do to stop, or far away make reduce it. at least to a difference

? Plant a tree. Trees “6) ________” carbon dioxide, but only breathe in as long as they’re living. ? Install low-flow shower heads and faucets. You’ll use less decreasing performance than half the water without 7) ____________________. ? Buy energy-efficient electronics and appliances. Then, turn them off when they’re not in use. ? Reduce! Reuse! Recycle! Recycling a stack of newspapers only 8) four inches high will save a good sized tree. _____________ campaign ? Mount a local 9) _________ against global warming. Educate your community about how to cut greenhouse gas pollution. Support measures at the national and local levels encourage that increase energy efficiency, and that 10) _________ the use of clean, renewable solar and wind technology.

Words and Expressions Relating to Environment
desertification deforestation water and soil erosion industrial dust discharge motor vehicle exhaust global warming fossil fuels greenhouse gases/ effects ozone layer sewage treatment/ sewerage ecosystem non-renewable resources environment-friendly products bio-degradable plastic topsoil sustainable development

World Environment Day Themes
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 2000 2000 The Environment Millennium - Time to Act 2000 环境千年 - 行动起来吧! 2001 Connect with the World Wide Web of life 世间万物 生命之网 2002 Give Earth a Chance 让地球充满生机 2003 Water - Two Billion People are Dying for It! 水--二十亿人生命之所系 2004 Wanted! Seas and Oceans - Dead or Alive? 海洋存亡 匹夫有责 2005 Green Cities - Plan for the Planet! 营造绿色城市,呵护地球家园 2006 Deserts and Desertification-Don’t Desert Drylands! 沙漠和荒漠化--莫使旱地变荒漠 2007 Melting Ice–a Hot Topic? 冰川消融,后果堪忧 2008 Kick the Habit! Towards a Low Carbon Economy. 转变传统观念,推行低碳经济

Read and Explore
? Read the first part of the interview on Aman Motwane. And find the key word of Mr. Motwane’s opinion about the environmental problem. ? interconnectedness ? Can you explain “interconnectedness” in your own words? ? Everything is dependent on one another. Everything affects and is affected by its surroundings.

? Read the second part of the interview on Dr. Semkiw. ? What environmental issues does Dr. Semkiw find most pressing? ? Deforesting and global warming. ? Deforesting has been caused by the loss of trees and global warming results from the burning of fossil fuels and release of greenhouse gases. Can you explain the importance of trees to the environment?

Answers:
2. The two most pressing environmental issues are deforesting and global warming. cut down trees fail to build topsoil Man Deforested lands Loss of tree causing Loss of rainfall Can’t purify underground water Fail to convert carbon dioxide to oxygen transformed into upset deserts ecosystem Burning of fossil fuels causing Greenhouse gas trapping heat resulting in Global warming

? Read the third part of the interview on Mr. Nacson. According to Mr. Nacson, what can we do to deal with the environmental problem? ? Not to impact on it. ? What does “not to impact on it” mean? ? Try not to destroy the environment, try to take as little resource as possible from it, and put back as much as you can. ? According to Mr. Nacson, air and water pollution are most serious among environmental problems exhaustible because they are .

? Read the fourth part of the interview on Amrit Desai. How does Mr. Desai understand the environmental problem? ? According to Mr. Desai , on one hand, human beings are the cause of the environmental problem. On the other hand, human beings are the victims of the environmental problem. How human beings become the cause of environmental problem, according to Mr. Desai? It’s because human’s greed for more and more conveniences, comfort and possessions.

? Read the last part of the text aloud. ? In the end, Dr. McKinley calls for the readers to take action and develop their own strategy to deal with environmental crisis.

Read the whole text and fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word. word. In an interview for Awareness Magazine, four specialists discuss their views on environmental i_______________ with Dr. McKinley. ssues Leon Nacson is particularly worried about air and water p_______________ and Walter Semkiw is especially concerned with ollution d_______________ and global warming. Aman Motwane believes that eforestation we have to realize that everything is r_______________, and therefore elated that every action has a consequence; and Amrit Desai makes a link between c_______________ and global r_______________, arguing onsumption esources that human greed poses a serious t_______________ to Mother Earth. hreat The message is that the environment is OUR r_______________ and esponsibility that we all have a part to play if we want to save our planet.

Language Focus
? Read the whole text again, and underline those words which seem new to you. ? Share the new words with your neighbors and try to remember them. Then check whether you’ve remembered them, at least some of them. You can also choose those words to remember, which are shown to you by the teacher at the beginning of the class.

Assignment
? Look up the following words and expressions in your dictionary or reference book. Try to make them as your own words. And then we’ll have a check on these words in the next class. ? isolate consequence deforesting convert purify result from result in impact convenience exploit priority addicted take action

? Fill in the blanks with the words or expressions given above. Make changes where necessary. to computer games ? 1. Some students are so that they neglect their studies. ? 2. I decided to buy the house for the of living near to my parents. in most ? 3. Agriculture is still a high developing countries. ? 4. Falling export rates the country’s economy quite considerably. ? 5. The flood has the village from outside for two weeks. ? 6. The safety procedures had been ignored, with potentially tragic . ? 7. The government is emergency to deal with the power shortage. head ? 8. Fifty percent of road accidents injuries.

? Fill in the blanks with the words or expressions given above. Make changes where necessary. ? 1. Some students are so addicted to computer games that they neglect their studies. ? 2. I decided to buy the house for the convenience of living near to my parents. ? 3. Agriculture is still a high priority in most developing countries. ? 4. Falling export rates have impacted on the country’s economy quite considerably. ? 5. The flood has isolated the village from outside for two weeks. ? 6. The safety procedures had been ignored, with potentially tragic consequences. ? 7. The government is taking emergency action to deal with the power shortage. ? 8. Fifty percent of road accidents result in head injuries.

Sentence Dictation:
1. The sandstorm is a horrible phenomenon. The clouds of dust are so heavy that you can hardly breathe. It is so dark that it may cause traffic accidents. 2. Droughts result from lack of water, which is essential for plants and animals. The failure of crops leads to food shortage, and sometimes even famine. 3. The flood washes away houses, destroys fields, and causes life and property losses. People may be left homeless and suffer diseases. 4. The increase of disasters is mainly caused by human activities. with the growth of population, we need more resources from the Earth. Deforestation, over-cultivation, together with other factors, lead to the imbalance of the ecosystem. And this in turn causes more natural disasters.

Frog Story

Time Place Narration

lately

A log cabin in woods of Northern Wisconsin the author characters a tree frog The author amazingly Plot observed that the frog preferred staying in his studio rather than in the green house. He wants to encourage readers to fight against pollution.

Humorous & figurative

Home assignment 1.Review Unit 1 (2 passages) and understand language focus well and make good use of them. 2. Visit the culture Salon by yourself and make a summary. 3.Simulate and design an Invitation Card to an international symposium on city garbage disposal.(Place: Chengdu; co-sponsors: the Chengdu Municipal Government the Environment Institute of China) 4. Preview Unit 2 (passage A)and think about a question: What do you think made Einstein a successful scientist?

What do you think made Einstein a successful scientist?
Qualities 1. Evidence in the text

The first time he had seen a compass…

2. 3. 4.Genius 5. 6. Hard-working

? Read through the text quickly within 3 minutes. Fill in the blanks of the following summary.
? In this story the author who works withenvironmental topics is surprised when a tree frog takes up residence in his greenhouse . Puzzled at first by the frog’s apparent preference for the studio rather than a studio attached to the cabin, one day the author seems to make telepathic (心灵感应的) contact with the animal. At first he seems to understand that the frog is attracted by the sound of the computer that resembles the sounds made by other tree frog, but then he starts to realize that the frog is there to remind him of his responsibilities to protect the environment.

? Read the text carefully and then finish Content Awareness Ex.10 on page 21.

? Translate the following sentences into Chinese.
? 1. After a while I got quite used to the fact that as I would check my morning email and on-line news, he would be there with me surveying the world. ? 2. For five months mow he had been riding there with me and I was suddenly overtaken by an urge to know why he was there and not in the greenhouse, where I figured he’d live a happier frog life. ? 3. At that rate I knew that the maple trees that I love to tap each spring for syrup would not survive for my children. ? 4. He then began to turn a very subtle, but brilliant shade of green and leaped full force onto the computer. ? 5. It said that because frog’s skin is like a lung turned inside out, their skin was being affected by pollution and global climate change.

1. After a while I got quite used to the fact that as I would check my morning email and on-line news, he would be there with me surveying the world.

过了一些日子,我就习惯了有他做伴,清晨我上网查收邮件 和阅读新闻的时候,他也在一旁关注这个世界。

2. For five months mow he had been riding there with me and I was suddenly overtaken by an urge to know why he was there and not in the greenhouse, where I figured he’d live a happier frog life.

五个月了,他一直这样陪着我。我突然有一股强烈的欲望想 了解他:为什么他要呆在这儿而不乐意呆在花房里?我认为 对树蛙来说,花房显然要舒适得多。

3. At that rate I knew that the maple trees that I love to tap each spring for syrup would not survive for my children.

我知道,照这种速度下去,每年春天我都爱去提取树桨制糖 的这片枫林,到我孩子的那一代就将不复存在。

4. He then began to turn a very subtle, but brilliant shade of green and leaped full force onto the computer.

然后他起了微妙的变化,全身呈现出一种亮丽的绿色,用尽全 力跳到电脑上。

5. It said that because frog’s skin is like a lung turned inside out, their skin was being affected by pollution and global climate change.

消息说因为青蛙的皮肤就像一个内里朝外的肺,所以正在受到 污染和全球气候变化的影响。


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