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陕西省长安一中、高新一中、交大附中、师大附中、西安中学五校2012届下学期第三次模拟考试英语试题


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陕西省长安一中、高新一中、交大附中、师大附中、西 安中学五校 2012 届下学期第三次模拟考试

英 语 试 题
命题学校:长安一中 审题学校:交大附中
第 I 卷(选择题 共 95 分) 第一部分:英语知识运用(共四节,满分 55 分) 第一节 语音

知识(共 5 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相同 的选项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 1. month A. government B. common C. along D. prove 2. area A. theatre B. breathe C. break D. heaven 3. minute A. bury B. butcher C. busy D. museum 4. official A. concert B. century C. coast D. ocean 5. cough A. daughter B. enough C. flight D. neighbor 第二节 情景对话(共 5 小题:每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 根据对话情景和内容,从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选项,并在 答题卡上将该选项涂黑。选项中有两个为多余选项。 Tom: What did you think of the lecture? Mary: 6 Tom: Did you really? Mary: 7 Tom: Certainly not . 8 Mary: So you think you know more than he does. Tom: Well, take coal for instance. Mary: 9 Tom: Coal won't become important again. Mary: Why not? Tom: It's too dirty. They won't be able to find people to work down coal mines in the future. Mary: 10 Tom: Nonsense. The only sort of power they will use in the future is atomic power. A. What about it? B. I thought he talked a lot of rubbish. C. I thought it was very interesting. D. What is it? E. Yes, didn't you? F. They'll invent new kinds of machinery. G. No, did you? 第三节 语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分)
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从每小题的 A. B. C. D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将 该选项涂黑。 11. What_____ relief! It almost took us five years to pay back all the money we borrowed from the bank. Now we are out of _____ debt. A. a; 不填 B. a; the C. the; a B. as convenient a life as D. convenient as a life as D. 不填;不填 12. Come on, Maria! You can also enjoy_____ you have been dreaming of, if you don’t lose heart. A. as a convenient life as C. as a life convenient as lots of people. A. when; that B. that; when C. when; which D. that; which 14. Of all the speeches delivered in this contest today,_____ were more impressive than “Extend the Passion” by the student from Class 18. A. few A. As long as B. nothing B. As C. no one C. while D. none D. Even 15. _____ I do feel pity, I can’t really do very much to help them out of the difficulty. 16. — You always go to the seaside and swim during the summer vacation. Don’t you want to try something different this year? — _____ A. With pleasure. B. Like what? C. Let’s go then. D. That’s all right.

13. It was on December 3, 2011_____ a big fire happened in Beijing,_____ was a great shock to

17. If any man here does not agree with me, he should_____ his own plan for improving the living conditions of these people. A. put on B. put out C. put in D. put forward

18. According to a survey, homework is_____ students most often blame for their lack of sleep. A. what B. that C. which D. why

19. You_____ be tired-you’ve only been working for an hour. A. must not B. won’t C. may not D. can’t

20. He will stop making a noise, if no notice_____ of him. A. takes B. will be taken C. is taken D. has taken

21. Chinadaily. com. cn is the largest English portal site in China,______ news, business information and learning materials. A. to provide B. providing C. provided D. provide 22. The question that puzzled them is_____ they can get rid of the air pollution in the area. A. how is it that B. that how C. what is it D. how it is that

23. Just in front of our house_____ with a history of 1,000 years. A. does a tall tree stand C. stands a tall tree B. a tall tree is standing D. a tall tree stands

24. — Are you going to see The Flowers of War by Zhang Yimou?
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—_____It’s said to be too good a film to miss. A. No problem! 25. —I’m sorry! — But_____. A. you didn't B. you hadn't C. he wasn't D. you aren't B. That’s for sure. C. Why me? D. Why bother?

I would have taken him to hospital if I had known he was seriously ill.

第四节 完形填空(共 20 小题:每小题 1. 5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题的 ABCD 四个选项中,选出合适填入对应空白处的最佳选 项,并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。 When my son, Mark, was in the third grade, he saved all his pocket money for over three months to buy holiday presents for those he loved. He had 26 twenty dollars. The third Saturday in December, Mark said he had 27 his list and had his money in his 28 . I drove him to a 29 supermarket. Mark picked up a hand basket and went off on his own 30 I waited 31 reading a book at the front of the store. It 32 Mark over 45 minutes to choose his presents. When he came up to the checkout(结账台), the smile on his face was truly 33 . The clerk rang up his purchase(在收款机输入金额)as I politely looked at the other way. Mark kept 34 his budget and 35 into his pocket for his money. 36 was not there! There was a hole in his pocket, but no money. Mark stood 37 the store holding his basket, tears rolling down his cheeks. His whole body was 38 with his sobs. Then a(n) 39 thing happened. A 40 shopping in the store came up to Mark. She knelt down and took him 41 her arms. “You would do me the favor if you let me 42 your money,” said the woman. “It would be the most wonderful present you could ever give me. I only ask you could 43 . One day, when you grow up, I would like you to find someone you can help. I know you feel as good about it 44 I do now when you do help other people.” Mark took the money, tried to dry his 45 and ran to the checkout as fast as he could go. 26. A. collected B. gathered C. spared D. saved 27. A. wrote B. made C. had D. shown 28. A. wallet B. purse C. pocket D. backpack 29. A. nearby B. close C. near D. distance 30. A. while B. when C. though D. as 31. A. worriedly B. patiently C. politely D. regularly 32. A. spent B. cost C. took D. needed 33. A. disappointing B. upset C. surprising D. joyful 34. A. in B. within C. out of D. over 35. A. put B. reached C. turned D. stretched 36. A. It B. There C. They D. That 37. A. at the front of B. at the back of C. in the middle of D. outside 38. A. breathing B. worrying C. frightened D. shaking 39. A. interesting B. happy C. dramatic D. amazing 40. A. customer B. clerk C. stranger D. guard 41. A. by B. with C. in D. on 42. A. reply B. return C. give D. pay 43. A. pass it on B. pass it down C. continue it D. keep it
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44. A. that 45. A. sweat B. as B. pocket

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C. what C. presents D. which D. tears

第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文, 从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中, 选出最佳选项, 并在答 题卡上将该选项涂黑。 A This is a time of year when we think about giving and receiving presents. Can you find a little extra to give? On this page we suggest a few organizations you might like to help. Littleton Children’s Home We DON’T want your money, but children’s toys, books and clothes IN GOOD CONDITION would be very welcome. Also, we are looking for friendly families who would take our children into their homes for a few hours or days as guests. You have so much─will you share it? Phone Sister Thomas on 55671 Children’s Hospice We look after a small number of very sick children. This important work needs skill and love. We cannot continue without gifts or money to pay for more nursing staff. We also need storybooks and toys suitable for quiet games. Please contact the Secretary, Little Children’s Hospice, Newby Road. Street Food In the winter weather, it’s no fun being homeless. It’s even worse if you’re hungry. We give hot food to at least fifty people every night. It’s hard work, but necessary. Can you come and help? If not, can you offer a little money? We use a very old kitchen, and we need some new saucepans(平底锅). Money for new ones would be most welcome indeed. Contact Street Food, c/o Mary’s House, Elming Way. Littleton Phone 27713 Littleton Youth Club Have you got an unwanted chair?─a record-player?─a pot of paint ? Because we can use them! We want to get to work on our meeting room! Please phone 66231 and we’ll be happy to collect anything you can give us. Thank you! The Night Shelter We offer a warm bed for the night to anyone who has nowhere to go. We rent the former Commercial Hotel on Green Street. Although it is not expensive, we never seem to have quite enough money. Can you let us have a few pounds? Any amount, however small, will be such a help. Send it to us at 15, Green St, Littleton. Please make check payable to Night Shelter. 46. What kind of people are these organizations designed for? A. Homeless and sick children B. Less fortunate members of our society C. Hungry people who have no beds to sleep in D. Friendly members of our society to help others
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47. If you like children and you could offer a happy family to a homeless child, you may contact _____. A. Street Food B. The Night Shelter C. Littleton Children’s Home D. Children’s Hospice 48. What can be concluded from the passage? A. There are too many social problems in this society. B. People are very poor during the time of giving. C. To offer help is just an excuse for these organizations to collect money. D. There are many organizations trying to solve social problems. 49. What kind of things would Littleton Youth Club like to collect? A. Old furniture and second-hand electrical equipment. B. An apartment and some saucepans. C. Hot food and storybooks. D. A sum of money and children’s toys. B Anne Whitney, a sophomore at Colorado State University, first had a problem taking tests when she began college. "I was always well prepared for my tests. Sometimes I studied for weeks before a test. Yet I would go in to take the test, only to find I could not answer the questions correctly. I would blank out because of nervousness and fear. I couldn’t think of the answer. My low grades on the tests did not show what I knew to the teacher." Another student in microbiology had similar experiences. He said, "My first chemistry test was very difficult. Then, on the second test, I sat down to take it, but I was so nervous that I was shaking. My hands were moving up and down so quickly that it was hard to hold my pencil. I knew the material and I knew the answers. Yet I couldn’t even write them down!" These two young students were experiencing something called test anxiety. Because a student worries and he is uneasy about a test, his or her mind does not work as well as it usually does. The student can’t write or think clearly because of the extreme tension and nervousness. Although poor grades are often a result of poor study habits, sometimes test anxiety causes the low grades. Recently, test anxiety has been recognized as a real problem, not just an excuse or a false explanation of lazy students. Special university counseling courses try to help students. In these courses, counselors try to help students by teaching them how to manage test anxiety. At some universities, students take tests to measure their anxiety. If the tests show their anxiety is high, the students can take short courses to help them deal with their tension. These courses teach students how to relax their bodies. Students are trained to become calm in very tense situations. By controlling their nervousness, they can let their minds work at ease. Learned information then comes out without difficulty on a test. An expert at the University of California explains. "With almost all students, relaxation and less stress are felt after taking our program. Most of them experience better control during their tests. Almost all have some improvement. With some, the improvement is very great." 50. To “blank out” in the first paragraph is probably______. A. to be like a blanket B. to be unsure of an answer C. to show wrong knowledge to the teacher
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D. to be unable to think clearly 51. Poor grades are usually the result of _______. A. poor hygienic habits B. laziness C. lack of sleep D. inability to form good study habits 52. To deal with this problem, students say they want to ______. A. take a short course on anxiety B. read about anxiety and know how to deal with it C. be able to manage or understand their anxiety D. take tests to prove they are not anxious 53. What can be inferred from the passage? A. all students could overcome the anxiety after taking a special test anxiety program B. most of the students felt relaxed after taking a University of California counseling course C. students found it difficult to improve even if they had taken a special test anxiety course D. students found it easy to relax as soon as they entered a counseling course C How Many Lies Do the Children Tell You? Mothers who feel their children don' t appreciate them can add another grievance to the list: half the time, their children are lying to them.A study designed to expose the truth about lying shows that undergraduates lie to their mothers in 46% of their conversations.Still, mums should feel better than total strangers, who are told lies an astonishing 77 % of the time. Bella Depaulo and a team of psychologists from the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, asked 77 undergraduates to keep a record of all their conversations for a week, and write down whether they lied at any time.DePaulo named lying broadly, as "when you intentionally try to mislead someone", so she would catch the smallest of lies. The students told an average of two lies a day.They said they had been studying when they had been out drinking.One told his parents that a textbook cost $50 rather than $20 so that they would send him extra money.Female students constantly told their plain-looking roommates that they were pretty."They are everyday lies," says DePaulo. DePaulo and her colleagues conclude that people tend to tell fewer lies to those they feel closest to. College students lied to their best friends 28% of the time but lied to acquaintances 48% of the time.In close relationships, people were more likely to tell "kind-hearted" lies, designed to protect feelings, rather than self-serving lies. Romantic partners are somewhere between close friends and acquaintances.Students lied to romantic partners about a third of the time. DePaulo thinks that unmarried lovers can expect less honesty than best friends because of the insecurity that comes with romance. Mothers can take heart from one other finding. They may have been lied to, but at least their children talked to them.The students were recorded telling few lies to their fathers because they had little interaction with them. 54. According to the passage, college students felt closest to ______. A. mothers B. best friends C. acquaintance D. romantic partners
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55. Female students lied to their roommates to . A. get money from them B. offer them the services C. gain more security D. make them happy 56. What is the purpose of this article? A. To present a fact. B. To argue an idea. C. To tell a story. D. To explain a theory. D New rules will let millions of Americans know where more of their food comes from. The law is known as COOL—Country of Origin Labeling. American Congress first passed the law in 2002. Stores have had to label seafood by country of origin since 2005. But industry pressure delayed other requirements until last week. Products that must now be labeled include fresh fruits and vegetables, muscle meats and some kinds of nuts. But the rules are complex, and many foods are excluded. For example, organ meats are free to be labeled. So are processed foods, including cooked or smoked food. The United States has imported more and more food in recent years to save money and expand choices. Country-of-origin labeling has become more common lately but has still been limited in many stores. Food safety is one reason why some shoppers pay close attention to where foods came from. For example, when a large number of people recently got sick from salmonella(沙门菌病), officials blamed peppers from Mexico. Yet the last big food scare involved spinach (菠菜) grown in California. But labeling is also a way for people to know they are getting what they want. Some want to buy local foods or foods from a particular country. The country-of-origin labeling law gives stores 30 days to correct any violations that are found. Stores and suppliers that are found to be deliberately violating the law could be fined 1000 dollars per violation. Federal inspectors are not to take action to enforce the law for six months to give time for an education campaign. Some food safety activists say they are generally pleased with the law. They call it a good step that will give people more useful information. 57. Why has more and more food been imported to the United States in recent years? A. Because it is economical and provides people with more choices. B. Because the United States is short of food supply. C. Because Americans need more and more food recently. D. Because foreign food is of higher quality than native food. 58. What’s the regulation in the new rules? A. Stores have to label food by its producing date from now on. B. The country-of-origin labeling has to be marked on more food. C. Stores have to label seafood by country of origin. D. Labeling of food should include more useful information. 59. The new rules of the country-of-origin labeling law will come into effect ______. A. right now B. in a month C. in three months D. in half a year 60. Consumers are more concerned about where foods came from because
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______. A. they are curious about the country of the food origin B. they are particular about the tastes of the food C. they are concerned about food safety and want to get what they want D. most of the shoppers are food safety activists themselves 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从下框 A~F 选项中选出能概括每段主题的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该 选项涂黑。选项中有一项为多余项。 A. How to take notes and rewrite in one`s own words B. Advantages of taking notes C. Taking some useful notes D. Taking notes is a help to create new ideas in the future E. Need to change information from an encyclopedia into one`s own F. Two ways of writing a note and their advantage 61. In school and out, many people need to put the information they find in an encyclopedia into words of their own. The student who is writing a composition, the businessman who is writing a report, and the housewife who is preparing a talk for a woman`s club often need the kind of information they find in an encyclopedia. But no one wants what he writes to read as it were copied from an encyclopedia. What you write should read as if it came from you. 62. Even if you have every intention of rewriting the material in your own words, it is unwise to copy information from an encyclopedia word for word. Instead, write brief notes to remind yourself of the facts you wish to express. Later with the encyclopedia closed, you can expand those notes into sentences and paragraph of your own. 63. The advantage of note-taking over copying is that it forces you to think for yourself at least twice-first when you are reading and second when you are using your notes. It is easy to copy a paragraph without being sure of what it means. But to make a note expressing the meaning of a paragraph in your own words requires you to prove to yourself that you have understood that paragraph. Note-taking also helps you to remember what you have read. It is much easier to remember what you have sa