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第一周 课时作业 1

第一周 课时作业 1 姓名_____________ 分数___________________ 第一部分 完形填空 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可 以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑 Joe Simpson and Simon Yates were the first people to climb the West Face

of the Siula Grande in the Andes mountains. They reached the top 1 , but on their way back conditions were very 2 . Joe fell and broke his leg. They both knew that if Simon 3 alone, he would probably get back 4 . But Simon decided to risk his__5__ and try to lower Joe down the mountain on a rope(绳). As they 6 down, the weather got worse. Then another 7 occurred. They couldn?t see or hear each other and 8 , Simon towered his friend over the edge of a precipice(峭壁). It was 9 for Joe to climb back for Simon had to pull him up. Joe?s 10 was pulling Simon slowly towards the precipice. 11 , after more than an hour in the dark and the icy cold, Simon had to 12 . In tears, he cut the rope. Joe 13 into a huge crevasse(裂缝) in the ice below. He had no food or water and he was in terrible pain. He couldn?t walk, but he 14 to get out of the crevasse and started to 15 towards their camp, nearly ten kilometers 16 . Simon had 17 the camp at the foot of the mountain. He thought that Joe must be 18 , but he didn?t want to leave 19 . Three days later, in the middle of the night, he heard Joe?s voice. He couldn?t 20 it. Joe was there, a few meters from their tent, still alive. 1. A. hurriedly B. carefully C. successfully D. early 2. A. difficult B. similar C. special D. normal 3. A. climbed B. worked C. rested D. continued 4. A. unwillingly B. safely C. slowly D. regretfully 5. A. fortune B. time C. health D. life 6. A. lay B. settled C. went D. looked 7. A. damage B. storm C. change D. trouble 8. A. by mistake B. by chance C. by choice D. by luck 9. A. unnecessary B. practical C. important D. impossible 10. A. height B. weight C. strength D. equipment 11. A. Finally B. Patiently C. Surely D. Quickly 12. A. stand back B. take a rest C. make a decision D. hold on 13. A. jumped B. fell C. escaped D. backed 14. A. managed B. planned C. waited D. hoped 15. A. run B. skate C. move D. march 16. A. around B. away C. above D. along 17. A. headed for B. traveled to C. left for D. returned to 18. A. dead B. hurt C. weak D. late 19. A. secretly B. tiredly C. immediately D. anxiously 20. A. find B. believe C. make D. accept 第二部分 阅读理解 A

Want to improve your writing skills? New Writing South is directing the way! · Towner Writer Squad (班组)for kids aged 13-17 Led by comedy and TV writer, Marian Kilpatrick, Towner Writer Squad will meet once a month at the contemporary art museum for 11 months, starting 12 October, 2014. The FREE squad sessions will include introductions to a wide range of writing styles, from poetry to play writing and lyrics (抒情诗)to flash fiction, to support the development of young writers. Application & Selection If you would like to apply to be part of the Towner Writer Squad, please send a sample piece of your writing (about 500 words), responding to the title?LUNCH,?with your name, age, address and e-mail address to: debo@newwritingsouth.com. Once all applications are in, com you will be invited to an open selection event on 17 September,4-5pm, at the gallery of Towner. This will be an informal opportunity to meet the Squad Leader, Squad Associate and other young people. You will also have a chance to get to know the fantastic gallery space and get a taste of what?s to come. Deadline for applications: 8 September, 2014 For further information go to: facebook.com/towner or towner.org.uk or newwritingsouth.com Any questions 一 feel free to send your e-mail to Towner Writer Squad Associate: whame@towner.gov.uk · Beginner Writing Project for kids aged 10-13 Due to popular demand, a writing project will be started for eager beginners. Start time: 6 September, 2014 Meet every other Saturday,2-4pm, at the Towner Study Centre. Study and write at your own pace 一 you do not have to rush 一 as you have a year to go through the project. Practise under the guidance of some experienced writers and teachers who can help you with basic writing skills. Most importantly, build confidence and have fun while writing! No previous experience or special background is required. Many others have been successful this way. If they can do it, why can?t you? Fee: ? 179 For more information go to: newtowner.org.uk or generate.org.uk 1. A. B. C. D. 2. A. B. C. Towner Writer Squad will be started _______. to train comedy and TV writers to explore the fantastic gallery space to introduce a contemporary art museum to promote the development of young writers To join the Writer Squad,each applicant should first _______. provide a piece of their writing meet the Writer Squad Leader offer their family information

D. 3. A. B. C. D. 4. A. B. C. D. 5. A. B. C. D.

complete an application form Applications for the Writer Squad should be e-mailed no later than _______. 6 September, 2014 8 September, 2014 17 September, 2014 12 October, 2014 What is most important for the beginners? Practising as much as possible. Gaining confidence and having fun. Studying and writing at their own pace. Learning skills from writers and teachers. More information about Beginner Writing Project can be found at _______. facebook.com/towner newwritingsouth.com newtowner.org.uk towner.org.uk B In the mid-1950s, I was a somewhat bored early-adolescent male student who believed that doing any more than necessary was wasted effort. One day, this approach threw me into embarrassment In Mrs. Totten?s eighth-grade math class at Central Avenue School in Anderson, Indiana, we were learning to add and subtract decimals (小数). Our teacher typically assigned daily homework, which would be recited in class the following day. On most days, our grades were based on our oral answer to homework questions. Mrs. Totten usually walked up and down the rows of desks requesting answers from student after student in the order the questions had apeared on our homework sheets. She would start either at the front or the back of the classroom and work toward the other end. Since I was seated near the middle of about 35 students, it was easy to figure out which questions I might have to answer. This particular time, I had completed my usual two or three problems according to my calculations. What I failed to expect was that several students were absent, which threw off my estimate. As Mrs. Totten made her way from the beginning of the class,I desperately tried to determine which math problem I would get. I tried to work it out before she got to me, but I had brain freeze and couldn?t function. When Mrs. Totten reached my desk,she asked what answer I?d got for problem No. 14. “I…I didn?t get anything,” I answered,and my face felt warm. “Correct,” she said. It turned out that the correct answer was zero. What did I learn that day? First, always do all your homework. Second, in real life it isn?t always what you say but how you say it that matters. Third,I would never make it as a mathematician. If I could choose one school day that taught me the most, it would be that one.

6. What does the underlined part in Paragraph 1 indicate? A. It is wise to value one?s time. B. It is important to make an effort C. It is right to stick to one?s belief. D. It is enough to do the necessary. 7. Usually, Mrs. Totten asked her students to _______. A. recite their homework together B. grade their homework themselves C. answer their homework questions orally D. check the answers to their homework questions 8. The author could work out which questions to answer since the teacher always _______. A. asked questions in a regular way B. walked up and down when asking questions C. chose two or three questions for the students D. requested her students to finish their usual questions 9. The author failed to get the questions he had expected because _______. A. the class didn?t begin as usual B. several students didn?t come to school C. he didn?t try hard to make his estimate D. Mrs. Totten didn?t start from the back of the class 10,Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A. An Unforgettable Teacher B. A Future Mathematician C. An Effective Approach D. A Valuable Lesson C The behaviour of a building?s users may be at least as important as its design when it comes to energy use, according to new research from the UK Energy Research Centre (UKERC). The UK promises to reduce its carbon emissions (排放) by 80 percent by 2050, part of which will be achieved by all new homes being zero-carbon by 2016. But this report shows that sustainable building design on its own — though extremely important- is not enough to achieve such reductions: the behaviour of the people using the building has to change too. The study suggests that the ways that people use and live in their homes have been largely ignored by existing efforts to improve energy efficiency (效率),which instead focus on architectural and technological developments. ?Technology is going to assist but it is not going to do everything,?explains Katy Janda, a UKERC senior researcher,?consumption patterns of building users can defeat the most careful design. ?In other words,old habits die hard, even in the best-designed eco-home. Another part of the problem is information. Households and bill-payers don?t have the knowledge they need to change their energy-use habits. Without specific information, it?s hard to estimate the costs and benefits of making different choices. Feedback (反

馈) facilities, like smart meters and energy monitors,could help bridge this information gap by helping people see how changing their behaviour directly affects their energy use; some studies have shown that households can achieve up to 15 percent energy savings using smart meters. Social science research has added a further dimension (方面) ,suggesting that individuals?behaviour in the home can be personal and cannot be predicted 一 whether people throw open their windows rather than turn down the thermostat (恒温 器) , for example. Janda argues that education is the key. She calls for a focused programme to teach people about buildings and their own behaviour in them. 11. As to energy use, the new research from UKERC stresses the importance of________. A. zero-carbon homes B. the behaviour of building users C. sustainable building design D. the reduction of carbon emissions 12. The underlined word “which” in Paragraph 2 refers to”________.” A. the ways B. their homes C. developments D. existing efforts 13. What are Katy Janda?s words mainly about? A. The importance of changing building users, habits. B. The necessity of making a careful building design. C. The variety of consumption patterns of building users. D. The role of technology in improving energy efficiency. 14. The information gap in energy use _______. A. can be bridged by feedback facilities B. affects the study on energy monitors C. brings about problems for smart meters D. will be caused by building users? old habits 15. What does the dimension added by social science research suggest? A. The social science research is to be furthered. B. The education programme is under discussion. C. The behaviour of building users is unpredictable. D. The behaviour preference of building users is similar.



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