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第六章 动词

第六章 动词 第一节 动词的概述

abandon vt. 放弃;抛弃 拓展: abandon the ship/research 放弃船只/研究 absorb vt. 吸收;理解 拓展: be absorbed in 全神贯注于??

这位科学家终日废寝忘食地埋首于研究。 The scientist is absorbed in rese

arch all day, neglecting sleep and meals. account vi. 说明;解释 拓展: account for 说明,解释;占(百分比)

你如何解释一连输了五场比赛呢? How do you account for losing five games in a row? accuse vt. 指责;控告 拓展: accuse sb. of 指责/控告某人??

他们指控该公司未能保护公众的利益。 They accused the company of not protecting the interests of the public. adapt v. (使)适应;改编 拓展: adapt... to 使??适应??(to 为介词)

他的生活方式无法适应公司的要求,只得辞职。 He couldn’t adapt his way of life to the company, so he had to

resign. adapt (oneself) to 适应??(to 为介词)

有些留学生要过很长时间才能适应新的礼节和风俗。 It will be long before some overseas students adapt to new manners and customs. add v. 加;添加 拓展: add... to 把??添加到??

与中国人不同,英国人喜欢在茶里加牛奶和糖。 Unlike the Chinese, the English like to add milk and sugar to tea. add to 增加,增添

各色阳伞给夏日街头平添了活泼的气氛。 Colorful umbrellas add to a lively atmosphere in the summar streets. add up 把??加起来 add up to 合计达

到目前为止,我们学过的英语单词总计大约 3500 个。 The English words we have learned so far add up to about 3500. admire vt. 赞赏,欣赏;钦佩;羡慕 拓展: admire sb. for 因??钦佩某人

显然,人人都钦佩他那绝妙的幽默感。 It is clear that everybody admires him for his fine sense of

humor. admit vt. (-tt-)准许??进入;承认 拓展: admit... to/into 准许??进入??

他因成绩优异被复旦大学提前录取了。 He has been admitted to Fudan University in advance because of his excellent grades. admit doing/having done 承认做过

那个撞到老奶奶的驾驶员承认开车前喝了酒。 The driver who had knocked down an old woman admitted drinking before driving. advertise v. 为??做广告,宣传;登广告 拓展: advertise for 为征求??登广告

他在报上登广告招聘一名秘书,要求能熟练使用电脑。 He advertised in a newspaper for a secretary who could use computer skillfully. advertising (n.) [U] 广告(业)

advertising agency 广告公司 advise vt. 劝告,忠告,建议 拓展: advise doing 建议做 专家们建议实施这项工程以造福子孙后代。 The experts advised carrying out the project in order to benefit future generations.

advise sb. to do


医生建议他康复后再出院。 The doctor advised him to stay in hospital until he recovered. afford vt. 买得起;承担得起;提供 拓展: afford sth./to do 买得起;承担得起

他付不起 1000 元一月的房租。 He can’t afford 1000 yuan a mouth for a house. 在山区,很多同我年纪相仿的儿童上不起学。 In mountain areas, many children about my age can’t afford to go to school. agree v. 同意 拓展: agree to sth. agree with 同意(建议等) 同意(某人)的意见; (气候、食物)适

合(人) ;与??一致 不管怎样,我们原则上同意你的意见。 ① Anyway, we agree with you in principle. ② Anyway, we agree to your suggestion in principle. 他总是承诺要努力学习,却言行不一。 He is always promising to study hard, but his actions don’t agree with his words. agree on 就??达成共识


The committee couldn’t agree on whether to build another bridge over the Huangpu River. agree to do 同意做

她从不同意做她妈妈要求她做的事情。 She never agrees to do what her mother asks her to. agreement (n.) 同意;协议 reach an agreement disagree (vi.) 不同意 disagree with 不同意(某人)的意见; (气候、食物) 达成协议

不适合(人) ;与??不一致 aim vi. 瞄准 拓展: aim at n. 目的,目标 瞄准;目标在于

艺术节旨在提供一个让学生展示才华的机会。 The art festival aims at providing an opportunity for students to show their talent. allow vt. 允许 拓展: allow doing 允许做

老板不会允许改变日程的,这会带来许多不便。 The bos won’t allow changing the schedule because it will cause much in convenience. allow sb. to do 允许某人做


He is so independent that he won’t allow anyone to lead him by the nose. amaze vt. 使惊异,使大为惊奇 拓展: be amazed at/to do/ that 对??大感惊讶

看到她在音乐会上的精彩演出,我们惊讶不已。 We were amazed at her wonderful performance at the concert. annoy vt. 使烦恼,使恼怒;打扰 拓展: be annoyed at sth./with sb. answer v. 回答;回复 拓展: answer for apologize vi. 道歉 拓展: apologize to sb. for 为??向某人道歉 对??负责 生??的气

你该就刚才的所作所为向在场的人道歉。 You should apologize to the people present for what you have just done. appeal vi. 呼吁;上诉;吸引 拓展: appeal to 呼吁;上诉;吸引

政府呼吁人人节约用水。 The government is appealing to everyone to save water. appear vi. 出现;显得;好像 拓展: It appear (to sb. ) that... = sth. / sb. appear to do 人看来)似乎?? (在某

There appear(s) (to be)... 看后面的名词) apply v. 申请;应用 拓展: apply(to?)for

似乎有??(appear 单复数


她已向这家公司申请担任秘书。 She has applied to the company for a position as a secretary. apply? to 把??应用于??(to 为介词)

应该鼓励学生将课堂所学知识运用到实践中去。 Students should be encouraged to apply what they have learned in class to practice. appreciate vt. 感激;欣赏,赏识 拓展: appreciate sth. 感激某事(不接人)

他热泪盈眶,一再对我的帮助表示感激。 He appreciated my help again and again with his eyes filled with tears. appreciate(one’s ) doing 感激(某人)做

十分感激你给我这次面试的机会。 I really appreciate your giving me this chance of an interview. I would appreciate it(very much )if you would/could? 你??我就很感激了 如果你能帮我学习英语我将不胜感激。 I’d appreciate it very much if you could help me with my 如果

English. approach v. 接近 拓展: approach to sth. approve vt. 批准;赞成 拓展: approve(of) argue v. 争论;主张 拓展: argue with sb. about/over 就??与某人争论 某事物的学习、研究、处理方法 vi 赞成 赞成

他与我争论是否应该鼓励人们养宠物。 He argued with me about whether we should encourage people to raise pets. argue for/against 赞成/反对

arise vi. 起立;上升;升起;发生,出现 拓展: arise from arrange v. 安排 拓展: arrange(for )sth. arrange for ? to do 安排某事物 由??发生、出现


我已经安排一辆出租车去机场接你。 I have arranged for a taxi to meet you at the airport. arrive vi. 到达 拓展: arrive at 到达(小地方) ;达成(结论、协议等)

arrive in 到达(大地方) ask v. 问;请求,要求

拓展: ask(sb.) about


在西方国家绝对不要问有关工资这样的隐私问题。 In Western countries, never ask (a person) about any private affairs like salary. ask(sb.) for sth. (向某人)要某物

如有可能,我想听听王教授对我的作文的建议。 If possible, I want to ask Professor Wang for advice on my competition. ask/tell sb. to do sth. 吩咐某人做某事

assemble v. 集合,召集;装配 拓展: assembly line (工厂的)装配线 assign vt. 分配(任务) ;布置(作业) ;指派 拓展: assign sb. sth. = assign sth. to sb. 布置(作业)给某人 assign sb. to do sth. 指派某人做某事 分配 (任务)给某人;

教师指定学生写一篇有关切身体验的作文。 The teacher assigned the students (to write ) a composition about their own experiences. associate vt. 联系;联合 拓展: associate A with B be associated with 把 A 和 B 联系起来


assure vt. 向(某人)保证,使(某人)相信;确保

拓展: assure sb. that/of sth. 信?? 我向你保证这项计划会成功。


① I assure you of the success of the project. ② I assure you that the project will succeed. assure sth. 确保其事

astonish vt. 使惊讶 拓展: be astonished at/to do/that attach vt. 连接;使依附 拓展: be attached to 依附于,附属于 对??极为重视 对??感到惊讶

attach great importance to attempt vt. 企图,尝试 拓展: attempt to do


他企图隐瞒事实,结果却为此付出了沉重的代价。 He attempted to hide the fact, only to pay a heavy price for it. attend v. 出席,参加;护理,照料 拓展: attend to 仔细倾听;专心于(to 为介词)

attract vt. 吸引,引起 拓展: attract sb. to 把某人吸引到??(to 为介词)

丰富的网络资源吸引老老少少上网冲浪。 Rich information on the Internet attracts people of all ages to surfing it.

avoid vt. 避免 拓展: avoid doing 避免做

我尽量避免遇到他,因为他总是使我厌烦。 I tried to avoid meeting him because he always bored me. award vt. 授予(??奖) 拓展: award sb. sth. for = award sth. to sb. for 人??奖 这个获胜者因她的画而获得了一等奖。 The winner was awarded the first prize for her picture. ban vt.( -nn-)禁止;取缔,禁查 拓展: ban...from doing 禁止??做 因??授予某

一些减肥广告已经在电视上停播额 Some ads on losing weight have been banned from being broadcast on TV. be v. 是 拓展: be about to do sth. 正要做某事

正要付钱的时候,我的信用卡不见了 When I was about to pay the money, I couldn’t find my credit card. be going to do 即要发生的动作 be to do 表示“计划、打算做”以及命令、禁止、可 表示“计划、打算做”或客观情况下

能等情态意义 begin v. (-nn-)开始 拓展: begin/start with 由??开始

众所周知,知识始于实践。 It is known to all that knowledge begins with practice. behave v. 行为,举止 拓展: behave well/badly behave oneself believe v. 相信;认为 拓展: It is generally believed/considered/thought that... = sth./sb. be generally believed/ considered/thought to do 人们普遍认为?? 人们普遍认为吸烟有害健康。 ①It is generally believed that smoking does harm to health. ②Smoking is generally believed to do harm to health. believe in 有价值 我不相信这些所谓的保健食品有什么价值。 I don’t believe in these so -called health foods. believe it or not belong vi. 属于 拓展: belong to 属于(无进行时、无被动态) 信不信由你 信任;相信??的存在。信仰;相信?? 举止得当/恶劣


那本蓝封面的词典不是我的。 The dictionary whose cover is blue doesn’t belong to me. benefit v. 有益于;得益 拓展:sth. benefit sb. =sb. benefit from sth. 益,某人得益于某事物 做志愿者的经历让我受益匪浅。 ①I benefit a lot from the experience of working as a volunteer. ②The experience of working as a volunteer benefits me a lot. bind vt. 捆绑,捆扎;使粘合;束缚 拓展: be bound to do blame vt. 指责,责怪 拓展: blame sb. for sth.=blame sth. on sb. 把??归咎于某人 一定会??;负有??义务的 使某物使某人受

你不应该将此事归咎于她,她是无辜的。 ①You shouldn’t blame it on her,for she is innocent. ②You shouldn’t blame her for it,for she is is innocent. be to blame for 因??应受责备

昨天发生的事怪不得孩子们。 The children are not to blame for what happened yesterday. blow v. 吹 n. 吹;打击 爆炸

拓展: blow up

boast v. 吹嘘,自吹自擂 拓展: boast about/of/that 吹嘘

他总是吹嘘自己父母多么有钱,而不知自食其力。 He is always boasting about how rich his parents are,never thinking of earning his own living. boil v. 沸腾,烧开;煮熟,烹煮 拓展: boiling point bore vt. 使厌烦 拓展: be bored with 对??感到厌烦 沸点

一直要想方设法讨好老板,真让我厌烦。 I’m really bored with trying every means to please my boss all the time. borrow v. 借 拓展: borrow sth. from sb. 向某人借某物

他从图书馆借了一些参考书而不是侦探小说。 He borrowed some reference books rather than detective novels from the library. break v. 打破;违反 拓展: break out n. 破裂;休息时间,暂停


救援队在地震发生后不久就设法赶到了那里。 The rescue team managed to get there soon after the earthquake broke out. break away from 关系 从??逃离;从??脱离,与??断绝

break down (机械等)出故障 更糟糕的是,在回家的路上汽车抛锚了。 Even worse,the car broke down on the way home. break in 强行闯入;插嘴 break into sp. 强行闯入某地 突然大哭/ 大笑

break into tears/laughter break through break up 突破

打碎; (使) (关系)破裂

have/take a break (中间)休息 bring vt. 带来 拓展: bring sb. sth. =bring sth. to sb. bring up 抚养长大 父母双方必须对养育子女承担同等的责任。 Parents must be equally responsible for bringing up children. bring about bring in bring out bring sb. to build v. 建造 拓展: build up one’s confidence burst v. (使)爆裂;突然发出 拓展: burst into tears/laughter = burst out crying/laughing 突 树立信心 引起,导致 给某人带来某物

引进 显现出??;使??问世 使某人恢复知觉

然大哭/大笑 听到那一激动人心的消息,我情不自禁的大哭起来。 At the exciting news, I could’t help bursting into tears. bury vt. 掩埋 拓展: be buried in = bury oneself in 埋头于??, 专心于??

这位作家专心致志于写作,以致忘了自己重病在身。 The writer was so buried in his writing that he forgot his serious illness. call vt. 叫;打电话给 拓展: call at sp. call on sb. vi. 叫;打电话;拜访



如果你方便的话,今晚我想去您府上拜访。 ①If it is convenient for you, I want to call on you tonight. ②If it is convenient for you, I want to call at your house tonight. call on... to do 号召??做

我们学校号召学生们去了解科技发展的最新动态。 Our school calls on the students to learn about the latest development in science and technology. call for 要求,需要

做幼儿园老师需要极大的耐心。 Working as a teacher in the kindergarten calls for a lot of patience.

call off


call in 约请 call up call back 打电话给?? 回电话

can v./aux. 会,能够;可能 拓展: can not/never? too? 再??也不为过 为了承担得起出国的费用,你无论怎样节俭不过分的。 In order to afford to go abroad, you cannot be too economical. carry vt. 携带;运送;担负;刊载,报道 拓展: carry out 实施(计划等)

她的计划 听上去很好,可是我们实施起来困难重重。 Her plan sounds good, but we’ll have many difficulties carrying it out. carry on 继续 be carried away 浑然忘我

catch vt. 抓住;赶上(交通工具) 拓展: catch sb. doing 抓住某人正在做 任何考试作弊被抓住的学生都将受到严惩。 Whoever is caught cheating in the exam will be severely punished. be caught in 遇到(雨、交通堵塞等)


I’m afraid that they have been caught in a traffic jam. catch up with 赶上??

上周因为生病我缺了一些课,但是我会努力赶上大家的。 Because of my illness last week, I missed some lessons, but I will try to catch up with others. catch on (with?) cause vt. 导致 拓展: cause sb. sth. =cause sth. to sb. 带给某人不好的事物 受(??的)欢迎

我吃不准这辆二手车会不会给我带来麻烦。 I’m not quite sure wh ether the used car will cause me any trouble. cause ? to do 导致??做

在空调房待太久会使人生病。 Staying in an air-conditioned room for too long may cause people to fall ill. change v./n. 改变,变化 拓展: change... for n. 零钱;找零


我不喜欢这个颜色,我可以换一件吗? I don’t like the co lor, so may I change it for a different one? change... into 使??变成;把??兑换成 好转/恶化

change for the better/worse keep the change


check v. 检查;核对 拓展: check in 办理住宿手续;办理飞机的搭乘手续 check into the hotel 登记入住旅馆 (从旅馆)结账离开

check out (of the hotel)

cheer v. (使)振奋, (使)高兴; (向??)欢呼, (为??) 喝彩 n. 振奋,高兴;欢 呼,喝彩 拓展: cheer up (使)振奋

choose v. 选择,挑选 拓展: choose from 从??中挑选

商店里有这么多的电动玩具可供挑选,他不知道选哪一个 好。 There were so many electric toys to choose from in the shop that he didn’t know which to choose. choose sb. (as/to be)... 选某人为??

众望所归,Jim 当选了足球队队长。 As most people had expected, Jim was chosen as captain of the football team. choose to do 选择做

他选择勇敢面对失败,而不是自暴自弃。 He chose to face up to the failure instead of giving himself up. claim vt. 声称;认领; (根据权利)要求

拓展: claim that/to do


科学家们声称找到了治疗这种疾病的新方法。 ①The scientists claim that they have found a new cure for this disease. ②The scientists claim to have found a new cure for this disease. clean vt. 打扫 vi. 做清洁工作 干洗

拓展: dry cleaning clear vt. 清除;清理 拓展: clear up


大雨过后不久,天空就放晴了。 The sky cleared up shortly after the heavy rain. click v. (用鼠标)点击 拓展: click the mouse 点击鼠标

combine v. (使)结合; (使)化合 拓展: combine A with B 把 A 与 B 相结合

如果你不将理论与实践结合起来,你的研究将毫无用处。 Your research will be useless unless you combine theory with practice. come vi. 来 拓展: come on come form come across 来自 偶然遇到 快;加油

就是在那家超市我和过去的班主任不期而遇。 It was in the supermarket that I came across my former class teacher. come up with 相处,找出(答案、计划等)

大家都束手无策,最后还是彼得想出了个主意。 Everyone was at a loss what to do, but Peter came up with an idea at last. come to realize 逐渐意识到??

学生们逐渐认识到友谊胜过金钱。 The students have come to realize that relationship is more important than money. come to (oneself) come to come out come over 恢复知觉,苏醒

总计;获得(结论) 出版;结果是 (情感)涌向;影响 当谈到??(to 为介词)

When it comes to...

说到教育,大部分人认为老师应该寓教于乐。 When it comes to education, most people believe that teachers should combine education with entertainment. commit vt. (-tt-) 犯(罪、错) ;委托,交付 拓展: commit oneself to = be committed to 致力于(to 为介 词)

communicate v. 交流;传达;通信 拓展: communicate with 与??交流 学习外语的最好方法是和说那种语言的人交流。 The best way to learn a foreign language is to communicate with the native speakers. communicate sth. to sb. 把某事物传达给某人 肢体语言有助于演讲者将想法清楚地传达给听众。 Body language helps the speaker to communicate his ideas to the listeners clearly. compare vt. 比较;比喻 拓展: compare A with B 把 A 和 B 相比较 同其他学生相比,那个女孩有更强的英语听说能力。 Compared with other students, the girl has better listening and speaking abilities in English. compare A to B 把 A 比作 B 我们经常把孩子比作花朵,把老师比作园丁。 We ofen compare children to flowers and teachers to gardeners. compare with 可与??相比(常用于否定句) 不管你有多少钱,都无法和健康的身体相媲美。 However much money you have, it can’t compare with a healthy body. complain vi. 抱怨,发牢骚;投诉

拓展: complain to sb. about/that 抱怨/投诉?? 经过两个小时的讨论,他们决定向经理投诉这件事情。 After two hours’ discussion, they decided to complain to the manager about it. 她向我抱怨她丈夫天天晚上加班。 She complained to me that her husband worked extra hours every night. compose vt. 组成;创作(乐曲、诗歌等) vi. 创作;作曲 拓展: be composed of 由??组成 巴金全集主要由小说和散文组成。 Ba Jin’s complete works are mainly composed of novels and essays. concentrate v. 集中,专心 拓展: concentrate on 专注于?? 即便周围响声很大,他也能集中精力看书。 He can concentrate on his books even if it is very noisy around him. concentrate... on 集中(注意力、精力等)于?? concern vt. 与??有关,涉及;使关心,使担心 拓展: be concerned with 与??有关 警察的来访与丢失的孩子无关。 The visit of the police is not concerned with the lost child.

be concerned about 关心,担心 随着生活水平的提高,人们越来越关系生活质量。 With the improvement of living standard, people are increasingly concerned about the life quality. as/so far as... be concerned 就??而言 confuse vt. 混淆,使混乱;使困惑,使糊涂 拓展: confuse A with B 把 A 与 B 混淆 显然,他们将数量与质量混为一谈了。 It is clear that they have confused quantity with quality. congratulate vt. 祝贺,向??道喜 拓展: congratulate sb. on 祝贺某人?? 我们打算开个派对来祝贺 Helen 获得这场比赛的胜利。 We are going to hold a party to congratulate Helen on winning the game. connect vt. 连接;联系 拓展: connect A with B 把 A 与 B 连接/联系起来 这条铁路横贯平原,把那个偏远山城与海港连接了起来。 The railway crosses the plain and connects the remote mountain city with the seaport. be connected with 与??有关 consider vt. 认为;考虑 拓展: consider... (as/to be)... 把??看作??

认为现在的年轻人样样都好或者一无是处都是错误的。 It’s wrong to consider the young today (as) totally good or completely bad. consider doing 考虑做 顺便问一下,你考虑去听后天的讲座吗? By the way, do you consider attending the lecture the day after tomorrow? all things considered 综观一切(作状语) consist vi. 由??组成 拓展: consist of 由??组成 成功由三个重要因素组成:天才、勤奋加上运气。 Success consists of three important factors: talent, diligence and luck. consist in 在于?? continue v. 继续,持续 拓展: continue doing/to do 继续做 contribute v. 贡献;捐献 拓展: contribute to 对??做贡献;有助于;成为??的原 因之一(to 为介词) 定期参加体育锻炼有助于身体健康。 Taking part in physical exercise regularly contributes to one’s health.

contribute... to 把??贡献给??(to 为介词) 他毫不犹豫地将自己收藏的全部珍宝都献给了博物馆。 He contributed all his collections of treasures to the museum without hesitation. convince vt. 使确信;说服 拓展: convince sb. of/that 使某人确信?? convince sb. to do 说服某人做 cooperate vi. 合作 拓展: cooperate (well) with 与??合作(得很好) 我发现很难与那些一贯固执己见的人合作。 I find it hard to cooperate with those who always stick to their own opinions. cope vi. (成功地)应付 拓展: cope with (成功地)应付?? cost vt. 价钱为,花费;使付出(代价) ,牺牲 拓展: cost sb. sth. 使某人付出(金钱、代价等) 他没有报名参加面试,这使他失去了一份高薪工作。 He didn’t sign up for the interview, which cost him a well -paid job. cover vt. 覆盖 拓展: be covered with 被??覆盖着


Seeing the mountains covered with snow, the children were wild with joy. from cover to cover (整本书)从头到尾

cure vt. 治疗,治愈;改掉(坏习惯) 拓展: cure sb. of sth. 治疗某人的疾病;改掉某人的坏习惯

delay v. 推迟;耽误;延误 拓展: delay doing 推迟做

由于修要做进一步修改,它将书推迟到明年出版。 As the book needs further revising, he has delayed publishing the book until next year. deliver vt. 投递,分送;发表(演说) 拓展: deliver sth. to sb. demand vt. 要求;需要 拓展: demand to do 要求做 递送某物给某人

他要求出国进修,但被公司拒绝了。 He demanded to go abroad for further study, but was refused by his company. deny vt. 否认;拒绝,拒绝给予 拓展: deny doing /having done 否认做过

他否认违反交通规则,而将事故责任推到卡车司机身上。 He denied breaking the traffic rules and blamed the truck driver for the accident.

depend vi. 依靠,依赖;取决于 拓展: depend on... for/as/to do 人类依靠鱼作为蛋白质来源。 Human beings depend on fish for protein/as a source of protein/to get protein. describe vt. 描述,形容 拓展: describe... as 把??描述成?? 依靠??以获得/ 作为/做

人们经常将香港描述成国际金融与商业中心。 Hong Kong is often described as an international financial and business center. deserve vt. 应得;值得 拓展: deserve sth./to do 应得??

不管谁指出我们的缺点都应该受到回报。 whoever points out our shortcomings deserve a reward. deserve doing/to be done desire vt. 渴望 拓展: desire sth. 渴望某物 desire( sb.)to do 渴望(某人)做 值得被做

希望你早点给我们回信。 ① We desire you to reply to our letter early. ② We desire your early reply to our letter. devote vt. 奉献

拓展: devote... to


他把毕生精力花在医学研究上并且获取了很大成就。 He devoted all his energy to medical research and made great achievements. devote oneself to = be devoted to differ vi. 不同 拓展: differ from...= be different from... 他在外貌和性格上都与妹妹截然不同。 He differs completely from his sister in appearance and character. dine vi 进餐 拓展: dining room/hall 餐厅 与??不同 献身于,致力于

disappoint vt. 使失望;使扫兴 拓展: be disappointed with/to do/that 对??感到失望

从考官的表情判断,他对他对面试者大失所望。 Judging from his expression, the interviewer was greatly disappointed with the interviewees. dislike vt. 不喜欢 拓展: dislike doing do v. 做 拓展: do well/badly in 在??上做得好/ 不好 do with 处理,对待;以??将就 不喜欢做

The doctor only have a rough idea of what to do with this disease. donate v. 捐赠 拓展: donate... to 捐赠??给??

我们认为有必要为地震的受害者捐款。 We think it necessary to donate money to the earthquake victims. doubt n. 怀疑(肯定句后接 whether,否定句或疑问句后接 that) 拓展: There is no doubt that... = No/Without/Beyond doubt... 毫无疑问 毋庸置疑,坐飞机比坐汽车安全。 There is no doubt that taking a plane is safer than taking a bus. draw v. 拉;拔(牙等) ;吸引;画,描绘;提取(存款等) 拓展: be drawing near 正在临近

随着日子一天一天地过去,高考正在逼近。 As the day passes by, the college entrance examination is drawing near. dream v. 做梦;梦想 拓展: dream of 梦见;梦想

这个孩子梦想着有一天能登上月球。 The child is dreaming of landing on the moon some day.

dress v. (为??)穿衣 拓展: dress oneself in 穿上??(表示动作) be dressed in 穿着??(表示状态) 那个穿白衣服的女孩多才多艺,给我留下了深刻印象。 The girl dressed in white was of many gifts, which left a deep impression on me. dress well/badly 穿着得体/ 糟糕 dress up 盛装打扮

drink v. 喝;喝酒 拓展: drink to 为??举杯祝贺 drive v. 开车;驱赶;逼迫;驱动 拓展: drive sb. home/to... driving test 开车送某人回家/去??


drop v. (使)掉落; (使)滴下;下降,降低 拓展: drop in on sb. drop in at sp. 顺便拜访某人


drown v. (使)淹死 拓展: drowning child dry v. (使)变干 拓展: dry up (使)干涸 溺水儿童

earn vt. 赚;挣得 拓展: earn sb. sth. 使某人博得(名声、赞赏等)

educate vt. 教育 拓展: educate sb. to do 教育某人做

要教育人们注意保护环境并不容易。 It is not easy to educate people to pay attention to protecting the environment. elect vt. 选举 拓展: elect sb. (as)... 推选某人为??

employ vt. 雇用,聘请;使用 拓展: employ sb. as enable vt. 使能够 使某人能够做某事 雇用、聘请某人担任??

拓展: enable sb. to do sth.

和园丁们一起工作让我们学到许多关于花卉的知识。 Working with gardeners enables us to obtain a lot of knowledge of flowers. encourage vt. 鼓励 拓展:feel happy and encouraged encourage sb. to do sth. 欢喜鼓舞


应鼓励年轻人按照自己的特长选择职业。 Young people should be encouraged to choose their careers according to their own strong points. end v. 结束,终止 拓展: end sth. with sth./by doing 以??结束某事物

最后,我想引用一首诗来结束我的演讲。 Finally, I want to end my speech by quoting a poem. end in failure 以失败告终 以住院/坐牢告终

end up in hospital/prison end up with 以??告终

我从来没有怀疑过我最终会找到一份更好的工作的。 I’ve never doubted that I will end up with a better job. end up (by) doing 以做??告终

如果你不研究对手,最终你将会输掉这场比赛。 If you don’t study your opponent,you will end up losting the game. engage vt. 使参与,使从事;使订婚 拓展: be engaged in 参与,从事 近来,他在从事关于做笔记对学习效果的研究。 Recently, he has engaged in a research on the effects of taking notes on study. be engaged to 与??订婚

enrol(l) v. 登记,注册; (使)入学、入会、入伍 拓展: enroll in 登记、注册以参加;入(学) ,入(会) ,入 (伍) ensure vt. 确保 拓展: ensure sth./that 确保??

All possible measures must be taken to ensure that the Olympic Games will go on well. 必须采取一切可能的措施以确保奥运会顺利进行。 enter v. 进入(其后不加介词,直接接某场所) 拓展: enter university 进入大学 enter for 报名参加

She wanted to enter for the model competition,which was strongly opposed by her parents. entitle vt. 给予??权利(或资格) ;冠名,给??称号 拓展: entitle sb. to sth./to do sth. 人 她的才华与经验赢得了同事们的尊敬。 Her talent and experience entitled her to the respect of her colleagues. 在场的观众有权利为他们喜欢的歌星投票。 The audience present are entitled to vote for their favorite singer. equip vt. 装备于,配备于 拓展: equip...with... 用??装备?? 把??的权利或资格给某

我们必须用知识武装头脑,以便将来为人民服务。 We must equip ourselves with knowledge so as to serve the people in the future.

escape v. 逃跑,跳脱; (液体或气体)泄漏 拓展: escape sth./doing 逃脱??

escape from 从??逃离 escape from prison 越狱

escape from reality 逃避现实 establish vt. 建立;确立 拓展: establish oneself as estimate vt. 估计 拓展:it is estimated that... 据估计?? 确立自己??的地位

据估计大约有超过 5000 万人感染过这种病。 It is estimated that more than 50 million people have been infected with this disease. exchange vt. 交换;兑换 拓展: exchange...with sb. exchange A with B 与某人交换?? 用 A 交换 B

我发现和你父亲交换看法很令人耳目一新。 I’ve found it very refreshing to exchange ideas with your father. 您的旧家具在我们任何一家连锁店都能以旧换新。 You can exchange your old household appliances for new ones in any of our chain stores. excite vt. 使激动,使兴奋 拓展: be excited about 因??而激动

excuse vt. 原谅 拓展: excuse sb. for doing=excuse one ’s doing 某事 excuse oneself for excuse sb. from sth. except vt. 期待;预料 拓展: except to do except...to do 期望做 期望??做?? 对某人期望某物 为??辩解 使某人免除(义务等) 原谅某人做

expect sth. of sb. as expected


explain v. 解释,说明 拓展: explain...to sb. 向某人解释??

为避免误会,你最好向她解释清楚这个问题。 To avoid misunderstanding,you had better explain the problem to her clearly. expose vt. 使接触;使暴露 拓展: expose... to 使??接触??;时??暴露?? 让皮肤长时间晒太阳是有害的。 It is harmful to expose one’s skin to the sunlight for long. 为了学好英语,学生应尽可能多地接触真实的语言环境。 To learn English well, student should be exposed to real language environments as much as possible.

express vt. 表达 拓展: express oneself 表达自己的意思

fail v. 失败;不及格;未能; (健康等)衰弱 拓展:fail in 在??失败

他在试验中多次失败,但他相信失败是成功之母。 He has failed in his experiments many times, but he believes that failure is the mother of success. fail to do 未能做

物理课上,他没听懂王教授所讲的内容。 In the physics class, he failed to understand what Professor Wang was talking about. fall vi. 倒下,落下;下降;变得 拓展:fall off (从??)跌落

我边骑车边和朋友聊天,结果从车上摔落下来。 I chatted with my friend while riding, and as a result, I fell off my bike. fall on 上 我的生日今年正逢星期六。 My birthday falls on a Saturday this year. 决定将由校长来做。 It will fall on the headmaster to make the decision. 落在(某一天) ; (责任等)落在(某人)身

fall asleep/ ill

入睡/ 生病

演出还没有结束,孩子们就睡着了。 The children had fallen asleep before the performance ended. fascinate vt. 迷住,强烈地吸引住 拓展: be fascinated by/ with /at 为??所迷

我完全被那景色迷住了,无法移开视线。 I was so fascinated by the sight that I could not take my eyes off it. fasten vt. 系,系牢 feed vt. 喂(养) 拓展:feed on (动物)以??为食 be fed up with 厌烦?? 众所周知,牛以草为食。 As is known to all, cows feed on grass. feel v. 感觉;觉得 拓展:feel...do/doing /done 感觉??做/正在做/被做 feel like doing sth. 想要某事 今天阳光明媚,我想去野餐。 As is sunny today, I feel like going for a picnic. feel for 摸索?? feel one’s way 摸索着前进 fetch vt. 去拿来(物) ,去带来(人)

拓展:fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb. 去拿某物給每人 如果方便的话,请帮我从邮局取回包裹。 If convenient, please fetch me the parcel from the post office. fill vt. 使充满;填补;满足(需要等) 拓展:fill...with 用??充满 仅仅往大脑中蓄满知识是不够的。 It is no use just filling your mind with knowledge. be filled with 充满?? 当你看着太阳冉冉升起的时候,心中就会充满希望。 While you are watching the sun rising slowly, you will be filled with hope. fill in/ out 填写(表格等) 志愿去云南教书的必须先填写申请表。 Those who volunteer to teach in Yunnan must fill in an application form first. find vt. 找到,发现 拓展:find...doing /done 发现??正在做/被做(表状态) 每次妈妈回到家里,都发现他们在打牌。 Every time the mother came back home, she found them playing cards. 他喜欢嘲笑别人,结果发现自己被人嘲笑。 He enjoyed laughing at others, only to find himself laughed at.

find out 发现;找出;查明 只有通过仔细的观察和分析我们才能发现问题所在。 Only through careful observation and analysis can we find out what the problem is. finish v. 完成;结束 拓展:finish doing 做完?? finish off 吃完,喝完 fix vt. 修理;安装;固定 拓展: keep one ’s eyes fixed on 目不转睛地看着?? with one ’s eyes fixed on 目不转睛地看着??(作状语) 他目不转睛地看着相册。想起了许多头童年趣事。 With /Keeping his eyes fixed on the photo album, he recalled much fun in his childhood. focus v. 集中;聚焦 拓展:focus on 集中注意力于?? focus...on 集中(注意力、精力等)于?? 学校应该注重培养学生对科学的热爱。 Schools should focus (their attention) on cultivating students’ love for science. follow v. 跟随;遵循 拓展: as follows 如下所示 forbid vt. 禁止

拓展:forbid doing 禁止做 当地政府禁止在交通繁忙的街道上停车。 The local government forbids parking cars on busy streets. forbid sb. to do =forbid one ’s doing 禁止某人做 我们学校禁止学生在校内吃零食和乱扔垃圾。 ①Our school forbids the students to have snacks and litter in the school. ②Our school forbids the students’ having snacks and littering in the school. forgive vt. 原谅 拓展:forgive sb. sth. 原谅某人的?? forgive sb. for 原谅某人的?? 即使他向我道歉,我也决不会原谅他的无理行为。 ①Even if he apologizes to me, I will never forgive him for being rude. ②Even if he apologizes to me,I will never forgive his rudeness. fry vt. 油炸 拓展:frying pan 煎锅 fried chicken 炸鸡 gaze v. 注视,凝视 拓展: gaze at (因惊讶、憧憬、喜悦、兴趣等而)注视


的情景。 The little boy gazed at the night sky, imaging himself traveling in space by spaceship. get v. 得到;到达;变得 拓展: get...to do/doing/done 使??做/发动或开始/被做

我打算明天去理发,头发长得受不了了。 I’m going to get my hair cut tomorrow because I can’t bear such long hair. get along 生活; (工作等)进展 与??相处;进行(工作等)

get along with

在美国逗留期间,我与格林一家相处和睦。 During my stay in America, I got along well with the Greens. get down to get on get off get into get out of get over 静下心来处理??(to 为介词)

上车(火车、公共汽车、自行车) 下车(火车、公共汽车、自行车) 上车(轿车、出租车) 下车( 轿车、出租车) ;改掉(坏习惯) 克服(困难等) ;自(疾病等)恢复

说实话,我真后悔没有帮助他克服困难。 To tell you the truth, I really regret not helping him get over the difficulty. 我真希望奶奶能尽快康复。

I really hope that my grandmother will get over her illness as soon as possible. get through get to 到达 聚会 通过;完成

get together get up 起床

give v. 给;赠送 拓展: give sth. back to sb. give sth. out 分发某物 把某物归还给某人

老师刚要分发试卷,这时响起了手机铃声。 The teacher was about to give out the test paper when a cell phone rang. sth./sb. give out 某物用尽;某人精疲力尽

give up 放弃;献出(生命等) 因为缺乏资金,他们只好放弃开发那个新软件。 For lack of money, they had to give up developing the new software. give sth. up to 让出(座位等)给??

give away 泄露(秘密等) ;赠送 give in (to...) give off 屈服(于??)


glance v. 看一眼,一瞥

拓展: glance at = cast a glance at 我看了一眼手表,正好 12 点。


I glanced at my watch, and it was exactly 12 o’clock. glue v. 用胶水粘 拓展: be glued to go v. 去;走 拓展: go around/round 足够分配;参观;访问;顺便走访 我宁愿多买些水果,否则不够分发是很尴尬的。 I’d rather buy more apples, or it will be awkward if I haven’t got enough to go around. go across go after 过(马路) (=cross) 追赶;追求 追溯到(用一般现在时) 紧附于;集中于

go back to go bad

(事物)变质 经过; (时间)过去,流逝

go/pass by

不知不觉三年很快过去了。 Three years went by quickly before we knew it. go down go in for go on (价格等)下降 参加;爱好

继续;发生,进行 继续做原来那件事

go on doing/with sth.


The scientist is raising money in order to go on doing/with his scientific research. go on to do sth. 接着做另外一件事

在描述完事故的经过后,他继续说明如何减少其影响。 After describing the accident, he went on to explain how to reduce its effects. go out go over (火、灯)熄灭 复习;仔细检查

他每天抽出一些时间复习学过的知识。 He set aside some time every day to go over what he has learned. go through 通过;经历;仔细检查

只有经历艰难困苦的人才明白人生的真谛。 Only those who have gone through hardships understand the true meaning of life. go through with 完成 go up (价格等)上升 走到??跟前

go/come to go with


有钱不一定就幸福。 happiness does not necessarily go with money. go without 没有??而将就

graduate v. 毕业 拓展: graduate from 从??毕业

高中毕业后,他被送去农村体验生活。 After graduating from high school, he was sent to the countryside to experience the life there. grow v. 生长,成长;增长;发展;变得 拓展: grow up 长大成人 尽管在城市里长大,他却一点也不喜欢时髦。 Though he was grown up in the city, he doesn’t li ke fashion at all. hand v. 递给 拓展: hand sb. sth. = hand sth. to sb. hand...on to... 依次传递;传阅 把某物递给某人

hand down 把??传给后世 hand in 上交 教授要求我们我们学期结束时上交研究报告。 The professor required us to hand in our research report at the end of the term. hand out hand over 分发 移交

hang v. 悬挂; (被)吊死, (被)绞死 拓展: hang up 挂断电话

hang around/about 闲荡,徘徊,逗留 happen v. (偶然)发生;碰巧 拓展:sth. happened to sb. 某事发生在某人身上

看来他们家发生了出人意料的事情。 It seems that something unexpected has happened to their family. It (so) happens that... = sth. /sb. happen to do 我们打电话时,碰巧他们出去了。 ①It happened that they were out when we called. ②They happened to be out when we called. There happen(s) to be... 碰巧有?? 碰巧

那只瓶子里碰巧有治胃病的药。 There happens to be some medicine for stomachache in the bottle. have vt. 有;吃,喝;使 拓展: have to do 不得不做 使??做/一直做/被做

have... do/doing/done

班长打算让谁为墙报写篇文章? Who is the monitor going to have write an article for the wall newspaper? 快点!他们让车停在门口等我们呢。 Be quick! They have the car waiting foe us at the gate.

你最好检查一下你的眼睛,很明显你的视力在下降 You’d bett er have your eyes examined as obviously your eyesight is failing. can’t/won’t have... doing have... to do 不允许??做


我们还有很多问题要解决,现在放松为时过早。 We still have a lot of problems to solve, so it’s too early to relax ourselves now. have... to be done 有??要做(别人做) 我现在急需一名秘书,我有许多文件等着打。 I badly need a secretary now as I have many documents to be typed。 have... on 穿着??

她穿着红色毛衣,我一眼就认出来了。 She had a red sweater on and I recognized her at first sight. have... on/with/about sb. 随身带着??

吃完饭,我突然想起身上没带钱。 After the meal, it occurred to me that I had no money with me. have something/nothing/much/little to do with 与??有关/无关/ 有很大关系/几乎没有关系 没人料到这件事与那个沉默寡言的人有关。 Nobody expected that the incident had anything to do with the

man with few words. have to do with 与??有关

head v. (使) (朝某处)行进;率领(代表团等) 拓展: head for 朝??行进

毫无疑问,没有什么能阻止他们走向胜利。 No doubt nothing can prevent them heading for victory. hear v. 听见;听说 拓展: hear... do/doing/done 听见??/做/正在做/被做

我经常听见隔壁的老奶奶晚上给孩子们讲童话故事。 I often hear the next-door old lady tell fairy tales to the children in the evening. 一阵敲门声过后,那个孩子听见妈妈的声音在叫他。 After a knock at the door, the child heard his mother’s voice calling him. 你听过那首歌用意大利语来唱吗? Have you ever heard that song sung in Italian? hear about/of 听说?? 当父亲听说女儿在大学中的优异表现时,他满面春风、容光 焕发。 When the father heard about his daughter’s excellent performance in university, his face lit up. hear from sb. = receive a letter from sb. 收到某人的来

信 help v. 帮助;有助于 拓展: help(to) do sth. 帮助做某事;有助于做某事

据说,临睡前喝一杯热牛奶有助于睡眠。 It is said that drinking a cup of hot milk helps to sleep well. help sb. (to) do sth. 某事 适当的放松一下自己有助于你提高学习效率。 Relaxing yourself properly helps you to improve the efficiency in study help sb. with sth. 在??上帮助某人 帮助某人做某事;有助于某人做

她哥哥要帮助她做作业,但她婉言拒绝了。 Her brother offered to help her with her homework, but she declined. help sb. out 帮助某克服困难 禁

can’ t help doing = can ’ t help but do = can ’ t but do 不住??;不得不?? 看了杰克画的卡通画,他的母亲忍俊不禁。

On seeing the cartoon drawn by Jack, his mother couldn’t help laughing. can’t help(to) do 不能帮助做??


I’m so busy that I can’t help do anying for you. help oneself (to...) 自行取用(食物等) with the help of 在??的帮助下

在叔叔的帮助下,汤姆写成了一首动人的诗。 With the help of his uncle, Tom succeed in writing a toughing poem. go/come to one’s help 去/来帮助某人

hesitate vi. 犹豫,踌躇,迟疑不决 拓展: hesitate to do 犹豫做??

有不懂的地方就求教于老师,不要犹豫。 Don’t hesitate to ask your teachers for help if you can’t understand anything. hide vt. 隐藏,遮掩;隐瞒 拓展: hide sth. from sb. 向某人隐瞒某事

这次考试考得太差,他决定不将成绩告诉父母。 He did so badly in this exam that he decide to hide the score from his parents. hold v. 抓住;持有(观点) ;可容纳;举行;担任(职位) 拓展: hold up 举起;阻止,使延误;抢劫 幸亏这位医生,病人的手术才没有被耽搁。 Thanks to the doctor, the patient’s operation was not held up. hold back 阻止;抑制

hold on 别挂断;坚持;抓牢 hold out 伸出(手等) ;提供 持有??观点 抓住

hold (the view) that...

catch/get/seize/take hold of

honor vt. 给??以荣誉,尊敬,向??表示敬意 拓展:in honor of 为纪念;为祝贺;为向??表示敬意

Next week we will hold a farewell party in honor of the retired workers. 这位年轻战士因帮助一位残疾老人而受到嘉奖。 be honored for 因??受到表彰、嘉奖

下星期我们要为退休工人举行一次欢送会。 The young soldier was honored for helping a disabled old man. hunt v. 打猎;寻找 拓展: hunt for job hunt imagine vt. 想象 拓展:imagine (sb./sb.’s) doing 想象(某人)做 寻找 找工作

难以想象彼得在讲台上演讲的样子。 It’s hard to im agine Peter making a speech on the platform. impress vt. 给??以深刻印象 拓展:sth. deeply impress sb. = sb. be deeply impressed by sth. 某事物给某人留下深刻印象

上海近十年的巨变给我留下了深刻印象。 The great changes in Shanghai in the past decade have deeply impressed me. I have been deeply impressed by the great changes in Shanghai in the past decade. impress sb. with sth. = impress sth. on/upon sb. 铭记 那个姑娘又活泼又幽默,给面试官留下了深刻印象。 The girl impressed the interviewer with her liveliness and humor. infect vt. 传染;感染 拓展: be infected with/by 被传染??;感染?? 勤洗手可避免传染疾病。 Washing hands often can avoid being infected with disease. inform vt. 通知;告知 拓展:inform sb. of/that 通知、告知某人?? 使某人

你及时通知我那件事,真是考虑的太周到了。 You are so thoughtful in informing me of it in time. 母亲获悉女儿已平安到达。 The mother was informed that her daughter had arrived safe. 因特网可以使我们不断了解国内外发生的事情。 The Internet keeps us informed of what is happening at home

and abroad. insist v. 坚持要求;坚持主张 拓展:insist on 坚持要求;坚持主张 他不顾个人安危,执意留守在岗位上。 He insisted on keeping to his post regardless of his own safety. insist on sb.’ s doing sth. insist that... 坚持/ 一定要做某事


inspire vt. 鼓舞;赋予??灵感 拓展:inspire sb. to do sth. 鼓舞某人做某事

许多年轻人受到鼓舞为服务公众而贡献时间和精力。 Many young people were inspired to devote time and effort to serving the public. inspire sb. with hope/confidence intend vt. 打算 拓展:intend to do sth. 打算做 激起某人的希望/信心

我们打算在电视上宣传我们的新产品。 We intend to advertise our new product on TV. be intended for/to do 旨在

这本字典是给小孩子用的,不适合你。 The dictionary is intended for children, so it is not suitable for you. 这个实验旨在验证他提出的理论。

This experiment is intended to test the theory that he put forward. introduce vt. 介绍;引进 拓展:introduce...to sb. 向某人介绍??

请允许我介绍些外国友人给你认识。 Please allow me to introduce some foreign friends to you. introduce...into/to introduce oneself 把??引进?? 自我介绍

他查阅了很多资料,想要了解番茄是何时引入中国的。 He consulted a lot of information to find out when tomatoes were introduced into China. invite vt. 邀请;招致,引起 拓展: invite sb. to sth./to do 做?? 我们请了所有邻居参加今晚的聚会。 We’ve invited all the neighbors to tonight’s party. 除非被邀请发言,否则在会上你应该保持沉默。 Unless invited to speak, you should remain silent at the meeting. involve vt. 使卷入;涉及 拓展: be/get involved in 卷入;参与 邀请某人赴?? / 邀请某人

大多数人不愿意介入这场毫无意义的争论。 Most people aren’t willing to get involved in this meaningless

argument. involved doing 需要;包含 卷入

involved sb. in doing sth. isolate vt. 使隔离;使鼓励

拓展:isolate... from 使??与??隔离、孤立 他住在一个小岛上,过着于现在生活隔绝的日子。 He lived on a small island, isolated from modern life. join v. 参加;连接 拓展:join A to B join in 参加 把 A 连接于 B

join sb. in sth./doing 加入某人一起?? 你这个周末有空,为什么不和我们一起去溜冰呢? Since you are free this weekend, why not join us in going skating? join the army/club join in) join force to do sth. join hands 协力做某事 参军/参加俱乐部(加入组织不能用


judge v. 判断;审判;评判 拓展:judging from 从??判断

从你的成绩单来看,所有老师都对你相当满意。 Judging from your school report, all your teachers are quite

satisfied with you. judge...by... 根据??判断 我们可以从一个人的字迹判断他的个性。 We can judge a person’s character by his handwriting. keep v. 保持;保存;抚养;饲养 拓展: keep doing 保持做??

keep on doing 继续做?? 继续努力,你会梦想成真。 Keeping on trying and your dream will come true. keep... doing/done 保持??一直做/被做

很抱歉,让你等这么久。 I’m sorry for having kept you waiting for so long. 我随时让你了解案件的进展。 I will keep you informed of the progress of the case. keep... from doing 阻止??做 他的建议是我没有犯严重的错误。 His advice kept me from making a serious mistake. keep sth. from sb. keep to 岗位) 无论风雨多大、雨多急,警察一直坚守在岗位上。 No matter how hard the rain falls and the wind blows, the police 不让某人知道某事

遵守(约定、规则) ;不离开(位置、场所、

keep to their posts. keep up with 跟上??

人们发现越来越难跟上现代科学的发展。 People find it harder and harder to keep up with the development of modern science. keep away from 远离??

我患了重感冒,你最好不要靠近我。 I have a bad cold, so you’d better keep away from me. keep...away from 使??远离??

她的病使她几星期无法上班。 Her illness kept her away from work for several weeks. keep off 不接近;不接触 请勿践踏草坪,违者重罚。 Keep off the grass, or you will be severely punished. keep...off 使??不接近;使??不接触

参观博物馆时,请勿触摸展品。 Please keep your hands off the exhibits while visiting the museum. keep back 抑制(情感等) keep sth. up 继续;维持

know v. 知道;了解;通晓(语言等) ;认识;能识别 拓展: know about 了解

我对这位是人的生活背景图知之甚少。 I know little about the life background of the poet. be known to 被??所熟知

在那个偏僻的山村,人人都知道这个热心的邮递员。 The warm-hearted postman is known to everyone in the lonely mountain village. As we all know= As is known to all= It is known to all that... 众所周知 众所周知,在浓雾中驾车是很危险的。 As we all know, it is dangerous to drive in a thick fog. get to know lack vt. 缺乏 拓展:lack (v.) sth. = be lacking in sth. 缺乏某物 认识了(强调动作)

尽管缺钱,她还是设法把儿子送进大学。 Though she lacked money, she managed to send her son to university. last vi. 持续 拓展:last sb. some time 足够某人维持一段时间

如果管理得好,这笔钱够我用三个月。 If managed properly, the money can last me three months. last well 经久耐用

laugh v. (大)笑

拓展:laugh at 之

嘲笑;因??而发笑; (对于困难)一笑置

如果你穿这样的衣服在街上行走,肯定会人笑话的。 You will surely be laughed at if you wear this king of clothes in the street. lead vt. 引导;带领;领导 拓展:lead to 导致;通向(to 为介词)

在公共场所随地吐痰会传播疾病。 Spitting in public may lead to the spread of disease. lead sb. by the nose lead up to 完全控制某人


take the lead 带头;负责领导 learn v. 学习;得知 拓展:learn about 了解

广泛阅读能使我们了解感兴趣的东西 。 Wide reading enables us to learn about what we are interested in. learn sth. by heart 熟记,背

只有当你理解了这一知识,你才能记住它。 Only when you understand the knowledge can you learn it by heart. leave v. 离开;把??留给;落下

拓展:leave for sp.


你不用给我回信了,我打算下个月去意大利。 You needn’t reply to my letter as I’m going to leave for Italy next month. leave ...doing/done 使??处于某种状态

不要让水淌个不停,节约用水人人有责。 Don’t leave the water running as it is everyone’s duty to save water. 他的自行车没锁,这给了小偷可乘之机。 His bike was left unlocked, which gave the thief a chance. leave...behind 留下;落下 leave...out lend v. 借给 拓展:lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb. 把某物借给某人 遗漏;省去,删除;不考虑,忽视

我们不能戒糖给你,因为我们自己也缺呢。 We can’t lend you any sugar because we are short of it ourselves. let v. 让;出租 拓展:let sb. down 让某人失望 let out 出租 lie v. 躺;平放;位于 放出,释放;发出(声音) ;泄露(秘密) ;

拓展:lie down lie in



缓解压力的方式在于学会放松。 The way to relieve stress lies in learning to relax. 拓展:light up (脸)容光焕发

like v. 喜欢;想要 拓展:How do you like...? = What do you think of...? 为??如何 as you like/please limit v. 限制 拓展:limit...to... 把??限定在??(范围)内 随你喜欢,随你的便 你认

作为高三学生,我们不应该将理想局限于大学教育。 As Senior Three students, we shouldn’t limit our dreams to college education. line v. 沿??排列 拓展:line up 排成一列 list v. 把??列成(或列入)一览表;列举 拓展: be listed as litter v. 乱扔垃圾 拓展: no litter 不准乱扔垃圾 live v. 居住;生活;活 拓展: make/earn a/one ’s living(by...) (靠??)谋生 被列为??

她在那个小山村以种花为生。 She makes a living by growing flowers in the small mountain village. live up to 符合;不辜负

locate v. 确定??的位置;使??坐落于 拓展: be located in 坐落于??

这个体育场位于市中心,这使大家很容易达到那里。 The stadium is located in the city center, which makes it easy for all the people to get there. lock v. 锁 拓展:lock up long v. 渴望 拓展:long for sth. 渴望某物 渴望(某人)做 把??锁起来

long (for sb.) to do

他渴望能为那些艾滋病儿做些事情。 He longed to do something for those kids suffering from AIDS. look v. 看;看起来,好像 拓展:look after 照顾 环视,东张西望 回顾??

look around/about

look back on/upon/to

我们不仅要回顾过去,更要展望未来。 We should not only look back on the past but also look forward

to the future. look down upon/on 轻视??

老师不应该看不起偶尔制造麻烦的学生。 Teachers shouldn’t look down on the students who make trouble occasionally. look into look to 调查?? 依赖,指望

lose v. 丢失,失去;输掉 拓展:lose oneself= lose one ’s way= be/get lost be lost in 陷入,沉湎于 迷路

陷入沉思,他没有注意到外面发生的事情。 Lost in thought, he didn’t notice what was going on outside. the Lost and Found love v. 爱;喜欢 拓展:fall in love with sb. major v. 主修 拓展: major in 主修?? 作为一名服装设计专业的学生,她渴望有一天能去巴黎。 As a student who majors in fashion design, he desires to visit Paris some day. make v. 做;使 拓展: make it 做成;成功 爱上某人 失物招领处

make out


你的作文改动很多,我很难辨认。 You made so many changes in your composition that I could hardly make it out. make up 组成;化妆;编造(故事等)

他有写小说的潜质,因为他擅长编故事。 He has potential for writing novels because he is good at making up stories. be made up of 由??组成

这个医疗队由年龄在 30 至 50 岁之间的医生组成。

30 to 50.

team. make up for 勤能补拙。 Hard work can make up for the lack of intelligence. manage v. 设法做到;设法对付;管理,经营 拓展: manage to do 设法做到 弥补,补偿

虽然交通拥挤,他还是把游客及时的送到了机场。 In spite of the heavy traffic, he managed to send the tourists to the airport in time.

marry v. 娶;嫁;结婚 拓展: marry sb. 娶了/嫁给某人(短暂性动作) get married to sb. be married to sb. match v. 相配 拓展: match...in... 在??上与??匹敌 matter v. 要紧 拓展:对于我们来说,重要的不是输赢,而是参与。 What matters to us is not to win but to take part. 不管多么困难,我绝不会丧失信心。 Never will I lose confidence no matter how/however difficult it is. mean v. 意思是;意味着 拓展: mean to do 打算做 与??结婚(短暂性动作) 与??(可延续)

他想取悦听众,吸引他们的注意力,但没有成功。 He meant to please the audience and draw their attention, but failed. mean doing 意味着做

做一件毫无价值的工作就意味着浪费我们宝贵的时间。 Doing a worthless job means wasting our precious time. be meant for/ to do 旨在??


The magazine is meant for young girls who like fashion. meet v. 遇见;会面,会见;迎接;满足(需要)等 拓展: meet with 遭遇到(困难、事故等) 无论遇到什么困难都不要半途而废。 Don’t give up halfway whatever difficulty you meet with. mention v. 提及 拓展: as (is) mentioned above mess v. 弄乱;弄糟 拓展: mess up 弄乱;弄糟 陷入困境 如上所述

get into a mess mind v. 介意;注意

拓展: mind (one’s) doing 或疑问句) 你擦一下窗好吗?


Would you mind cleaning the window? mind your own business 别管闲事

never mind 别介意,没关系,不要紧 take a load/weight off sb.’s mind 如释重负

miss v. 错过,未赶上;缺(课等) ;躲过;思念 拓展: miss doing 错过做;躲过做

miss out 漏掉;遗漏 mistake v. 弄错;错认

拓展: mistake A for B

把 A 误认为 B

那位英语老师常常被误认为是学生,因为她看上去很年轻。 The English teacher is often mistaken for a student as she appears young. mix v. 混合;拌合 拓展: mix A with B mix up move v. 使感动 拓展: be deeply moved 深受感动 把 A 和 B 混合


她被那部电影深深感动了,禁不住留下了泪水。 She was deeply moved to tears by the film. name v. 给??取名、命名 拓展: be named after 被以??的名字命名

这张新专辑是以歌手母亲的名字命名的。 The new album is named after the singer’s mother. need v. aux. & v. 需要 拓展: need/want/require doing/to be done 需要被做

啤酒瓶可以循环再利用,但需要彻底清洗。 Beer bottles can be recycled, but they need cleaning thoroughly. needn’t have done 本不必做(但实际做了)

我大可不必今天完成任务,但我还是完成了。 I needn’t have finished the task today, but I did anyway.

notice v. 注意(到) 拓展: notice sb. do/doing 注意到某人做/ 正在做

她全神贯注地看书,没注意我进来。 She was so absorbed in reading that she didn’t notice me come in. object v. 反对,不赞成 拓展:object to 反对??(to 为介词)

我们没人反对周末去野营。 None of us objects to going camping at the weekend. oblige v. 迫使;使感激(常用被动) 拓展: be obliged to do 不得不做,被迫做;有义务做 因某事对某人非常感激

be much obliged to sb. for 非常感谢你帮忙照看我的宠物。

I am much obliged to you for helping to look after my pet. obliged sb. to do sth. 强迫某人做某事

observe v. 观察;注意到;遵守;庆祝 拓展:observe sb. do/doing 注意到某人做/正在做

observe a rule 遵守规则 occupy vt. 占据;占有 拓展: be occupy with sth. / occupy oneself with sth. / in doing 从事,专心于,忙于 这些天,杰克正忙于筹备他的婚礼。

These days Jack is occupied in preparing for his wedding. occur vi. 发生;被想起,浮现 拓展: It (never) occurred to sb. that... 到?? 我突然想起雨伞忘在电影院了。 It (never) occurred to me that I had left my umbrella in the cinema. 我没有想到汤姆会被选为学生会主席。 It never occurred to me that Tom would be elected chairman of the Students’ Union. sth. occurred to sb. 某人突然想到?? 某人突然(从没)想

今早醒来时,我突然想到一个很棒的点子。 A wonderful idea occurred to me when I woke up this morning. offer vt. (主动)提供;提议;出价 拓展:offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb. 提供某人某物

他建议我们应该向学生开设更多的课程。 He suggested that we (should) offer more courses to the students. offer to do (主动)提供做??

虽然她孤身一人,无亲无故,但邻居们都向她伸出了援助之 手。 Although she lives alone with no relatives or friends, all her

neighbours offer to help her. operate v. 操作,运转;经营,营业;动手术 拓展:operate on sb. 为某人动手术

医生坚持要为这个病人立即动手术。 The doctor insisted that the patient (should) be operated on at once. oppose vt. 反对 拓展: be opposed to 反对??(to 为介词)


myself. order vt. 定购;叫(菜、饭、饮料等) ;整理;命令 拓展:order sth. from 向??定购某物 命令某人做某事

order sb. to do sth. owe vt. 把??归功于;欠

拓展:owe... to... 把??归功于?? 那位工程师平易近人,总是将自己的成功归功于同事们的帮 助。 The engineer is easy to get along with and always owns his success to his colleagues’ help. owe sb. some money = owe some money to sb. 人??钱 欠某

pass v. 传递;经过;通过 拓展: pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb. pass...on to sb. pass away 把某物递给某人


死去;去世 把??传给后世(常用被动)

pass down/on

这句谚语已代代相传。 The proverb has been passed down from generation to generation. pay v. 付款;付代价 拓展: pay (sb.) (some money) for 为了??付款(给某人)

那位母亲因儿子打坏玻璃而赔了邻居 10 美元。 The mother paid her neighbor 10 dollars for her son’s breaking the window. pay (a high/heavy price) for 的)代价 假如你一意孤行,你将为此付出代价。 If you keep on doing like this, you will pay for what you have done. pay back pay off 偿还 还清(贷款) 预付 为??付出 (高昂的/ 沉重

pay in advance permit vt. 允许

拓展: permit doing 允许做 permit sb. to do 允许某人做 天气/时间允许的话

weather/time permitting persevere vi. 坚持

拓展: persevere in 坚持不懈?? persevere to the end persist vi. 坚持;固执 拓展: persist in 坚持?? 无论家人怎么劝说,她仍然执意要和那个外国人结婚。 No matter how her family tried to persuade her, she persisted in marrying the foreigner. persuade vt. 说服 拓展: persuade sb. to do sth./into doing sth. 说服某人做某事 坚持到底

我竭力劝说他不要赌博,但他根本听不进去。 I tried hard to persuade him not to gamble, but he didn’t listen at all. persuade sb. out of doing sth. pick vt. 摘;选 拓展: pick up 拾起; (用车、船)接某人,给某人搭便车; 说服某人不去做某事

学会;收到(信号等) ;偶然 买到;重新开始 他答应六点来接我,但到现在还没有出现。

He promised to pick me up at 6 o’clock, but he hasn’t turned up yet. pick out 挑出;分辨出

你能在这人群中找出你多年未见的兄弟吗? Can you pick out your brother who you haven’t seen for years in the world? plan v. 计划 拓展: plan to do 计划做

我正计划今年暑假去游览一些名胜古迹。 I’m planning to visit some places of interest and historical sites during this summer holiday. plan for doing sth. 做某事的计划

point v. 用手指;把??指向;指出 拓展: point at/to point out 指向?? 指出??

专家指出,医疗不能代替均衡饮食在保健中的作用。 Experts point out that me dical care can’t replace a well -balanced diet in keeping healthy. post vt. 邮寄 拓展: post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb. postpone vt. 推迟 拓展: postpone doing 推迟做 把某物邮寄给某人

praise vt. 表扬,赞扬 拓展: praise sb. for 为??表扬某人

那个女孩因在这次灾难中的勇敢表现而受到高度赞扬。 The girl is highly praised for her brave behavior in the disaster. prefer vt. 更喜欢;宁愿 拓展: prefer sth. /doing to sth. /doing 比起??来更喜欢??

比起历史,我的学生更喜欢小说,因为小说更吸引人。 My students prefer fiction to history because the former is more attractive. 我宁愿上网购物也不愿去百货商店。 I prefer shopping online to shopping in a department store. prefer to do ? rather than do = would do ? rather than do = would rather do ? than do 宁愿做??也不愿做??

我宁愿去看电影也不愿待在家里。 I prefer to go to the movies rather than stay home. prefer to do 宁愿做 他选择了西班牙,而我本人倒更喜欢去希腊。 He chose Spain, but personally I’d prefer to go to Greece. prefer? to do 宁愿??做 委员会认为这个问题放到下次会议上讨论更好。 The committee would prefer the matter to be discussed at next meeting.

prepare v. 准备 拓展: prepare (sb.) for/to do (使某人)为??做准备

教育的正真目的是使我们的孩子为将来的生活做好准备。 The real purpose of education is to prepare our children for the future life. 该医疗小组正准备明天飞往灾区。 The medical team is preparing to fly to the disaster area tomorrow. be well/fully prepared for/to do 为??做好充分准备

她为这次求职面试做好了充分的准备,一点也不紧张。 She is well prepared for the job interview, so she isn’t nervous at all. pretend v. 假装 拓展: pretend to do/that 假装??

令人费解的是,他总喜欢不懂装懂。 What’s puzzling is that he always pretends to know what he doesn’t know. prevent vt. 阻止,妨碍;预防 拓展: prevent/stop? (from) doing/being done 被做 必须采取严厉措施以阻止对苏州河的进一步污染。 Severe action must be taken to prevent the Suzhou River being 阻止??做/

further polluted. promise v. 允诺;预示 拓展: promise sb. to do/that 答应(某人)??

保险公司已经承诺赔偿我们的损失。 The insurance company has promised to make up for our loss. promise sb. sth. = promise sth. to sb. promise to do 可望 答应给某人某物

用不着担心,明天可望是个好天气。 You needn’t worry as it promises to be a fine day tomorrow. promote vt. 促进;促销;晋升 拓展: promote sb. to ? 晋升某人为??

他在工作中粗心大意,却被提升为经理。 He is careless in work, but was promoted to manager. promote oneself protect vt. 保护 拓展: protect ? from? 保护??免受?? 毛遂自荐

戴太阳眼镜可以保护眼睛免受强烈阳光的灼伤。 Wearing sun glasses can protect your eyes from the strong sunlight. prove vt. 证明 vi. 结果是 结果是,被证明是(用主动)

拓展: prove (to be)


The task prove to be much more difficult than expected. provide vt. 提供 拓展: provide sb. with sth. = provide sth. for sb. 某物 许多书籍和杂志能给我们提供精神食粮。 Many books and magazines can provide us with spiritual food. pull v. 拉;拔 拓展: pull down pull in/out pull off punish vt. 惩罚 拓展: punish sb. for 因??惩罚某人 拆毁(建筑物) (列车等)进站/出站 为某人提供


毫无疑问,他将因不遵守校规而受到严惩。 No doubt he will be severely punished for disobeying the school rules. push v. 推 拓展: push one’s way push down 推倒 促使/ 督促某人做某事 挤过去

push sb. to do/into doing sth. put vt. 放 拓展: put aside

留出(钱、时间) ;把??搁置一旁

put away 收拾好

put down put forward put in put off

放下,使下车;记下;镇压 提出(建议等) ;拨快(钟表)

插(话) 推迟

他从不把今天的事拖到明天 He never puts off what must be done today till tomorrow. put on put out 穿上 熄灭,扑灭;出版;公布;伸出(手等)

持续了五个星期的森林大火终于被扑灭了。 The big forest fire which had lasted five weeks was put out at last. put through put up 留宿 put up with puzzle vt. 使困惑 拓展: be puzzled about 对??感到困惑 忍受 接通电话

举起;建造,搭建;张贴;提出(计划等) ;

qualify vt. 使有资格,使胜任 vi. 取得资格 拓展: qualify sb. for/to do/as 使某人有资格做??

这项培训课程将使你胜任更好的工作。 This training course will qualify you for a better job. 你仅凭知识并非就有资格教书。

Knowledge alone doesn’t qualify you to teach/as a teacher. qualify as 取得??资格

她今年取得了医生资格。 She qualified as a doctor this year. quarrel vi. 争吵 拓展: quarrel with sb. about sth. quit v. 停止;放弃;离去 拓展: quit/leave one ’s job 辞职 quit doing 停止做;放弃做 为了某事与某人争吵。

当他意识到自己的健康每况愈下时,他决定戒烟。 He decided to quit smoking when he realized that his health was going from bad to worse. reach v. 到达;达到;延伸;伸手够到 拓展:reach for 伸手去拿 在某人够不着/ 够得着的地

out of/within one’s reach 方 react v. 反应 拓展:react against react to 反对;反抗


知道如何对突发事件做出适当的反应是十分明智的。 It is very wisely to know how to react properly to unexpected incidents.

record v. 纪录;录音;录像 拓展: It is recorded that... 据记载??

sth./sb. is recorded to do 被记载?? 据记载,这个地区历史上发生多次地震。 It is recorded that a lot of earthquakes happened in this area in history. recover v. 康复;恢复 拓展:recover one’s senses/consciousness recover from 从??恢复 苏醒过来

劳累一天后洗澡可以解乏。 Having a bath after working hard for a whole day, you can recover from tiredness. refer v. 提及;参考,查阅;指 拓展:refer to 参考;提及;指

虽然老师没有提及名字,但是每个人都知道她指的是谁。 The teacher didn’t mention any name, but everyone knew who she was referring to. regard v. 把??看做;看待,评价 拓展:regard...as... 把??看作??

他为中国人赢得了巨大的荣誉,被认为是民族英雄。 He has won great honor for us Chinese, and is regarded as a national hero.

regret v. 后悔;遗憾 拓展:regret doing/having done 后悔做过

说实话,我真后悔失去了获得奖学金的机会。 To tell the truth, I really regret missing the chance of winning the scholarship. 令他遗憾的是,那些原来支持他的人现在转而反对他。 To his regret, those who were once for him are against him now. relate v. (使) 有关联 拓展:relate A with B relate A to B 使 A 与 B 配合 把 A 和 B 联系起来

人们往往把美丽单纯的女孩与天使联系在一起。 People often relate beautiful and innocent girls to angels. relieve v. 减轻;解除;使宽慰;救济 拓展:relieve pain/pressure 减轻痛苦/压力

做演讲之前,深呼吸能消除你的紧张感。 Before a speech, a deep breath can relieve you of your nervousness. rely v. 依靠 拓展:rely on...for/as/to do 高中生没必要事事靠父母。 High school students needn’t rely on their parents for everything. 依靠??以获得/ 作为/做

remind v. 提醒;使想起 拓展: remind sb. of/to do/that 起?? 这张照片使我想起了我们在夏令营度过的日子。 This photo reminds me of the days we spent in the summer camp. 我提醒过他要用功,但收效甚微。 I have reminded him to study hard, but it hardly works. replace v. 取代 拓展:replace A with B 用 B 取代 A 提醒某人??,使某人想

我们可以用机器人代替人做一些危险的工作。 We can replace man with robots to do some dangerous jobs. request v. 请求 拓展:request sb. to do 请求某人做

他们请求我们向他们书店赠送一万册书。 They request us to present ten thousand books to their library. require v. 要求;需要 拓展:require sb. to do 学校要求每位学生每天为家里做力所能及的家务。 The school requires every students to do a piece of housework that they can every day. resist v. 抵抗

拓展:resist doing


这些苹果看起来如此可爱,我忍不住想尝一个。 These apple look so lovely that I can’t resist trying one. respect v. 尊敬;尊重 拓展: be respected for/as 因/作为??而受到尊敬

他因战后重建此城市而受到尊敬。 He is respected for rebuilding the city after the war. have/show respect for ab. respond v. 回答;回复;回应 拓展:respond to 回答;回复;回应 尊敬某人

始料不及的是, 观众对我们的访谈节目反应糟糕。 Unexpectedly, the audience responded badly to our talk show. result v. 导致 拓展:result in 导致,带来

工作环境的改善并没有带来高效率。 the improvement of the working conditions didn’t result in high efficiency. result from 由??导致、带来 这个经济问题是由贫富差距导致的。 The economic problem resulted from a gap between the rich and the poor. reward v. 报答;奖赏

拓展:reward sb. with sth. for


那个男孩因为帮助了陌生旅客而被奖励两块巧克力。 The boy was rewarded with two chocolates for helping the strange travelers. risk v. 冒??的风险;使(生命、财产)遭受危险 拓展:risk doing 我不想冒着亏本的风险。 I don’t want to risk losing money to invest. rob v. 抢劫 拓展: rob sb./sp. of sth. 抢劫某人或某地的某物

太大的压力使孩子失去了快乐的童年。 Too much pressure of study has robbed many children of a happy childhood. run v. 跑;使运转;操作;经营 拓展:run across run after 偶然遇到 追赶

sth. run out run out sth. 用完 今天我一定要回家,因为钱要用完了。

satisfy vt. 使满意;满足

拓展: be satisfied with


她从来不满足自己已经取得的进步。 She is never satisfied with what she has achieved. say v. 说; (报纸、牌示等)说 拓展: It is said that...=sth./sb. be said to do 据说在那个湖底发现了一个古城的遗址。 It’s said that the site of an ancient city has been discovered at the bottom of the lake. say to oneself (vt.) 自言自语 口是心非 据说??

say one thing and mean another It goes without saying that... scold v. 责备;训斥 拓展:scold sb. for search v. 搜寻 拓展:search (sb./sp.) for sth. 某物 我将口袋翻遍了也没有找到零钱。 因??责骂某人


(在某人身上/ 某地)搜寻

I searched my pockets thoroughly, but couldn’t find any change. seat vt. 使就坐;容纳 拓展: be seated = seat oneself 坐下

see v. 看见;观看;领会;见证 拓展:see...do/doing/done 看见??做/正在做/被做

我经常看见这个小孩在河边玩耍,很是为他担心。 I often see the child play by the river , and I am very worried about him. 昨天的这个时候,我看见这个小孩在河边玩耍,很是为他担 心。 I saw the child playing by the river this time yesterday, and I was very worried about him. 看见女儿被照顾得很好,她很高兴。 She was glad to see her daughter taken good care of. see...off 为??送行

很抱歉,我不能为你送行了,我要参加儿子的毕业典礼。 I’m sorry that I can’t see you off as I must attend my son’s graduation ceremony. see through see to 看穿


你知道谁负责安排下次班会吗? Do you know who will see to the arrangements for the next class meeting? see (to it)... that 务必, 确保 (从句用一般现在时代替将来时)

下次借书时,请务必随身携带借书卡。 Please see to it that you have your library card with you next time you come to borrow books.

20 世纪下半叶,伦敦发生了巨变。 The second half of the 20th century saw great changes in London. seem vi. 好像,似乎 拓展:It seems (to sb.) that ... = sth./sb. seem to do (在某人看 来)似乎?? 他似乎没理解我的意思。 It seems that he hasn’t grasped what I meant. / He seems not to have grasped what I meant. There seem(s) (to be)... 面的名词) 他们之所以改变计划看来有几个理由。 There seem to be several reasons for them to change the plan. sell v. 买;买起来 拓展:sell/ wash/write/read/tear + 副词 来/读起来/ 撕起来?? (如 sell well, wash easily, write smoothly, read clearly, tear easily) sell out 卖完 卖起来/ 洗起来/ 写起 似乎有??(seem 单复数看后

令他失望的是,他想要买的字典已经卖完了。 To his disappointment, the dictionary he wanted to buy had (been) sold out.

sell at sell off

以(某个)价格出售 贱价出卖

send vt. 送;寄;派遣 拓展:send after send for 派人去追(刚走的人) 派人去叫(拿)

下水道可能堵住了,快请人来疏通。 Maybe the drain is blocked and hurry to send for someone to get it through. send in 提交;寄出去投稿 派某人去??

send sb. to sp./to do sth.

考虑到他的年龄,我们还是没派他去那个偏远的山区。 Considering his age, we didn’t send him to the remote mountain area. 送孩子出国留学是否是件好事要因人而异。 Whether it is good thing to send a child to study abroad varies from person to person. separate vt. 使分开 拓展:separate A from B 把 A 和 B 分开

一条大河把这座城市的北部和南部隔开了。 A large river separates the north of the city from the south. serve v. 为??服务;起作用;供应(饭菜) 拓展: serve the people 为人民服务 (误: serve for the people )

serve as


一间房间只好既作卧室又作客厅。 One room has to serve as both bedroom and living room. set v. (-tt-) 放置;设置; (日、月)落下 拓展:set about doing = set out to do 着手做

只有收集了所有的数据和资料后你才可以着手写论文。 You can’t set about writing your paper before you have collected all the data and information. set aside 留出、拨出(时间、金钱) ;把??搁置一 旁 为了保持健康,我每天尽量腾出一些时间来锻炼身体。 In order to keep healthy, I try to set aside some time every day to do exercise. 他们同意抛开分歧,一起为和平而努力。 They agreed to set aside their differences and work together for peace set off/out 出发,动身

为了准时到达机场,他没吃早饭就出发了。 He set out without breakfast so as to get to the airport on time. set up 建立 我叔叔工作过的那家银行创建于 19 世纪 50 年代。 The bank where my uncle used to work was set up in the 1850s.

settle v. 定居;安顿;决定;解决 拓展:settle down 定居;安顿下来

许多人一直梦想将来有一天能在月亮上安家。 Many people have been dreaming of settling down on the moon some day in the future. shake v. 摇动;颤抖 拓展:shake hands with sb. share vt. 分享;分担 拓展:share sth. with sb. 与某人分享(分担)某物 与某人握手

朋友是无论发生什么都能与你同甘共苦的人。 A friend is a person who can share joys and sorrows with you no matter what happens. shock vt. 使震惊 拓展: be shocked at 对??感到震惊

无论到哪里,他都被龙卷风造成的破环景象惊呆了。 Wherever he went, he was shocked at the destruction caused by the tornado. shoot v. 射中,射死;射击 拓展:shoot at 向??射击( shoot sth.意为“射中、射死” )

should v. 将会(shall 的过去时) ;应该;竟然 拓展:should (not) have done = ought (not) to have done (不)应该做 本

你不应该让孩子独自留在家里玩电脑游戏。 You shouldn’t have left the child alone at home playing computer games. shout v. 叫喊 拓展:shout at 对??叫喊

show vt. 出示;告知;展出;说明;表明 拓展:show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb. show sb. around sp. 给某人看某物


世博会志愿者的职责之一就是带领游客参观展馆。 One of the duties of the Word Expo volunteers is to show the tourists around the exhibition halls. show off 炫耀

她又在卖弄有关地理方面的知识了。 She’s showing off her knowledge of geography again. show up 出现,露面 show the door shut v. (-tt-) 关闭 拓展:shut up 闭嘴(口) 使??远离别人 关闭 让离开

shut away shut down shut off


sign v. 签名;签订;签约

拓展:sign up for


你们有多少人报名参加下周的校运动会? How many of you are going to sign up for the school sports meeting next week ? sleep v. 睡 拓展: go to sleep 入睡 他两点钟的时候睡着了。 He went to sleep at two o’clock. slip vi.( -pp-)滑,滑倒;悄悄移动 拓展:slip through ones fingers slow v. (使)慢下来 拓展:slow down 慢下来;放慢 (机会等)从指间溜走

当你到达主干道时请慢下来。 Slow down when you come to the main road. smell v. 嗅,闻;闻起来;发出臭味 拓展:smell... doing 闻到??在??的气味

他正在全神贯注地听广播,这时突然闻到有东西烧焦的气 味。 He was listening to the radio attentively when he smelt something burning. smell sweet/bad smile v. 微笑 闻起来香/臭

拓展:smile at 你正在笑谁?


Who are you smiling at? spare v. 腾出(时间等) ;省去;饶恕 拓展:spare sb. some time 腾出一段时间给某人

我想知道您能不能抽出 15 分钟时间和我谈谈。 I wonder whether you can spare me fifteen minutes to talk with me. speak v. 说话;演讲 拓展:frankly/strictly/properly speaking 地说 speak/think highly of speak well/ill of 对??评价很高 坦白地/ 严格地/ 恰当


speed vi. 疾驰;超速 拓展:speed up 加速

为了能够追上火车,司机加速开车。 The driver sped up the car in order to catch up with the train. spend vt. 花费;度过 拓展:spend... (in) doing/on sth. spend oneself 耗尽心力 花费??做/在某物上

学生应该将大部分时间花在学习上而不是看电视上。 Students should spend most time on study instead of in watching

TV. 他为教育事业耗尽心力。 He spent himself in the educational career. split vt. 劈开;切开;使破裂 拓展:split hairs 吹毛求疵 vi. 被劈开;裂开

split up 分成小组 别再吹毛求疵了,让我们尊重事实吧。 Let’s not split hairs over words; let’s look at the facts. 班级被分成了四个小组。 The class was split up into four groups. spread v. 伸展;传开 拓展:spread out spread over 张开;伸开


张开你的手指。 Spread out your fingers. 水淹没了地板。 The water spread over the floor. stand vi. 站立; (建筑物等)矗立 疑问句) ;经受住 拓展:stand up 站起来 stand by stand for 袖手旁观;支持(某人) 代表 vt. 忍受(常用于否定或

在大多数国家,手势“ V”代表“胜利” 。 In most countries, the “V” sign stand for “victory”. stand out 突出,引人注目

stare v. 凝视,注视 拓展:stare at 盯着??看

瞪着眼睛看别人是不礼貌的。 It is bad manners to stare at others. starve vi. 挨饿;饿死 拓展:starve to death starve for 渴望 vt. 使挨饿;使饿死 饿死

孩子们渴望得到关爱。 These children starve for love. start v. 开始;出发; (机器等)发动 拓展:start off/out start to do/doing start with 出发,动身 开始做??


stay vi. 停留,逗留;暂住; (后接形容词)保持 拓展:stay up 熬夜 不去(某处)

stay away from stay at home


stick v. 刺;粘贴;陷入,卡住 拓展:stick out 伸出;突出

stick to

坚持(to 为介词)

不要把你的头伸出去。 Don’t stick your head out. 如果你坚持复习课堂所学知识,你一定能成功。 If you stick to reviewing what you have learned in class, you’ll certainly succeed. stop v. (-pp-)停止;阻塞;阻止 拓展:stop... doing 停止做 stop to do 停下来去做

不要无事生非了,否则我就报警。 Stop making trouble out of nothing, or I will call the police. 经过书店时我停了下来,走进去随便翻了翻几本畅销书。 When passing the bookstore, I stopped to go in and look through some best-sellers. stretch v. 延伸;伸展;拉伸 拓展:stretch oneself 舒展身体,伸懒腰

strike v. 打,击; (灾害、疾病等)袭击;敲报(点钟) ;突 然想到;打动 拓展:It (never) struck sb. that... sth. struck sb. 某人突然(从没)想到??


strive vi. 努力,奋斗 拓展:strive for/to do 为??而努力

他努力想要赢得老板的欢心,但却事与愿违。 ①He strove for his boss’s favor, but the result was contrary to his wish. ②He strove to win his boss’s favor, but the result was contrary to his wish. struggle v. 斗争;奋斗;挣扎 拓展:struggle against struggle for struggle with 和??作斗争

为??而斗争 同??斗争

他一生都在与不平等作斗争。 He struggled against injustice for all his life. 穷人不得不为生存而斗争。 The poor had to struggle for a living. 全国人民都在同侵略者作斗争。 The nation was struggling with the intruders. substitute v. 代替 拓展:substitute A for B 用 A 代替 B

在过去的几年里,这家工厂用塑料代替木头来降低成本。 In the past few years, this factory has substituted plastics for wood in order to reduce the cost. A substitute for B A 代替 B


Nothing can substitute for Luxun’s great contributions to the Chinese literature. succeed vi. 成功 拓展:succeed in 在??上成功 只要专心学习,你一定能顺利通过考试。 So long as you con centrate on your studies, you’ll succeed in passing the exam. suffer v. 受苦,受损害;遭受 拓展:suffer from 为??所苦;患??病

许多遭到洪水侵害的农民别无选择,只得解雇一些工人。 Many farmers who suffered from the flood had no choice but to dismiss some workers. suggest vt. 建议;暗示,表明 拓展:suggest (sb./sb.’s) doing 建议(某人)做

我劝他不要老是生活在上次失败的阴影中。 I suggested him not always living in the shadow of the last failure. suit vt. 适合 拓展:suit oneself 随自己的心意 适合;适宜于

be suited for (to) 他不适合做老师。

He is not suited for being a teacher.

我说你不要走,但还得看你自己的意思。 I say you should not go, but suit yourself. supply vt. 供应;供给 拓展:supply sb. with sth.=supply sth. to sb. 人 联合国向难民们提供了许多衣物和药品。 The UN supplied the refugees with many clothes and medicines. suppose vt. 以为,猜想;假定 拓展: be supposed to do 理应做 把某物供应给某

布朗夫人应该上周就出发去西班牙了。 Mrs. Brown is supposed to have left for Spain last week. surf v. 冲浪;网上冲浪 拓展: go surfing 去冲浪 上网冲浪

surf (on) the Internet surprise vt. 使惊讶

拓展: be surprised at/to do/that


这小餐馆里的美食种类多得令我们在场的人都很惊讶! All of us present were surprised at the variety of the delicious food in this small restaurant! 参观者惊奇地发现这些油画保存得这样好。 The visitors were surprised to find that the oil paintings had been preserved so well.

surround vt. 包围;环绕 拓展: be surrounded by (with) surround...with... 城市被群山环绕。 The city is surrounded by mountains. 他用篱笆把田地圈了起来。 He surrounded the filed with fence. survive vt. 从??中逃出 vi. 幸存 周围都是??


拓展:survive by 比??活得长 他比他的妻子多活了 20 年。 He survived his wife by twenty years. swallow vt. 吞下;咽下 拓展:swallow one’s words swallow up 收回自己的话


老板生气了,于是他不得不收回他的话。 His boss was angry with him, so he had to swallow his words. 洪水吞没了整个村庄。 The flood swallowed up the whole village. sweep vt. 扫;打扫 拓展:sweep up sweep over 地板打扫干净了吗? vi. 打扫地板(或房间等)

打扫;收拾干净 席卷;蔓延开

Did you sweep up the floor? 20 世纪 60 年代, “文化大革命”席卷全国。 The Culture Revolution swept over the whole country in 1960s. switch vi. 转换 拓展:switch on/off 打开/关掉

take vt. 拿;带走;带领;就(座、职) ;吃,喝;服(药) ; 搭乘(交通工具) ;量(体温 等) ;采取(措施等) ;花费,需要(时间等) 拓展: It takes sb. some time to do sth. 时间 靠他独立完成这项试验要花费一年多的时间。 It will take him more than one year to finish the experiment independently. take in take off take on 吸收;理解;欺骗 起飞;脱下 呈现;承担;雇用 做某事花费某人多少

重新设计后,我们的网站呈现出新的面貌。 After being designed again, our Website is taking on a new look. take over take up 接管 开始从事;占据(时间或空间)

假如你想从事这项工作,你必须先接受三个月的训练。 If you want to take up this job, you should first be trained for

three months. 集邮几乎占据了他所有的业余时间。 Collecting stamps takes up almost all of his spare time. take after take away take down take A for B take to (长相或性格)像(父母等) 拿走,带走 拿下;写下,记下;拆毁(建筑物) 误认 A 为 B

喜欢上(to 为介词)

talk vi. 谈话,讲话;商谈,商讨 拓展:talk (to/with sb.) about talk/speak of (与某人)谈论??


说到公司的福利和工作条件,所有雇员都闭口不谈。 Talking of the welfare and working conditions of the company, all the employees said nothing. talk over 好好商量 自言自语

talk to oneself (vi.) teach v. 教,讲授;教书

拓展:teach sb. sth.=teach sth. to sb. teach sb. to do/that/whteach sb. a lesson teach school tear vt. 撕;撕起来





拓展:tear down 扯下;拆毁(建筑物) tear up 撕碎 tear sth. into pieces tear apart 把某物撕成碎片


这一家人被意外事故弄得四分五裂。 The family was torn apart by the accident. tell vt. 说出;告诉;讲述;吩咐;分辨 拓展:tell A from B=tell A and B apart 辨别 A 与 B

这对双胞胎长得如此相像,很难区分他们。 The twins look so much alike that it is difficult to tell them apart. tell right from wrong 分辨是非 tell the truth 说实话

tell a story 讲故事 tell a lie 说谎 tempt vt. 引诱,诱惑 拓展:tempt sb. to do 引诱某人做

许多公司用虚拟广告引诱消费者购买其产品。 Many companies tempt consumers to buy their products through false ads. tend v. 倾向于;照管,护理 拓展:tend to do 往往,易于

一个人如果长期生活在巨大的压力下,就容易患各种疾病。 If a person lives under great pressure for a long time, he tends to suffer from different diseases. thank vt. 感谢,谢谢 拓展:thank sb. for 因??而感谢某人

谢谢你为我们提供了这么多切实可行的建议。 Thank you for offering us so many practical suggestions. think v. 思考,想;认为 拓展:think about 考虑

你有没有想过将来的社会会是什么样? Have you thought about what the future society will be like? think of 想起,想到;考虑;为??着想

我想到了一个可以安居乐业的地方。 I have thought of a place where I can live in peace and enjoy my work. think of...as think over 把??看作 仔细考虑

不管你做什么,你都必须三思而后行。 Whatever you do, you must think it over before doing it. think hard 冥思苦想 自思自忖

think to oneself threaten vt. 威胁

拓展: be threatened with/by


该地区的生物正受到工业污染的严重威胁。 The living things in this area are seriously threatened with industrial pollution. threaten to do 威胁说要??

他恐吓说如果经理解雇他,他就把照片公开。 He threatened to make the photo public if the manager dismissed him. tire vt. 使疲倦;使厌倦 拓展: be tired out 感到筋疲力尽

走了一整天,我筋疲力尽。 I was tired out after walking a whole day. touch v. 触摸,接触;涉及;使感动 拓展: keep in touch with sb. 与某人保持联系

用手机与朋友保持联系对我们来讲既快又方便。 It is quick and convenient for us to keep in touch with friends by mobile phone. be in touch with sb. 与某人有联系

你与玛丽还有联系吗?我想让你捎个口信给她。 Are you still in touch with Mary? I want you to give her a message. get in touch with sb. 与某人取得联系

我费了九牛二虎之力,终于和她取得了联系。 With a lot of difficulty, I finally got in touch with her. lose touch with sb. 与某人失去联系(表动作)

be out of touch with sb. 与某人失去联系(表状态) 我和他多年没有联系了,不知他近况如何。 I’ve been out of touch with him for years, so I wonder how he is getting along these days. touch on/upon 涉及 trace v. 追踪;追溯 拓展: be traced(back) to 追溯到??

她很怕水,起因可归于儿时的一次事故。 Her fear of water can be traced back to a childhood accident. trade v. 从事贸易;进行交易 拓展:trade in 做某一行;做??买卖 他从事进出口生意。 He is trading in import and export business. trade for 用??换取??

我拿自行车来换你的字典。 I trade my bike for your dictionary. train v. 训练;培养 拓展:train sb. to do 训练、培养某人做


Students should be trained to make effective use of reference books. translate v. 翻译 拓展:translate... into... 把??翻译成??

他把我的书翻译成了德文。 He translated my book into German. travel v. 旅游,旅行 拓展:travel for 为??到各处推销商品

我妻子在为一家公司到处推销商品。 My wife travels for a company. travel in 到处推销商品 他到处推销袜子。 He travels in socks. travel round the world 周游世界

treat vt. 对待;看待,视为;医治,医疗;处理;请客 拓展:treat... as 把??当作??

她像对待自己儿子一样对我。 She treated me as her own son. treat with 和??谈判;和??商谈

他们决定同敌人谈判。 They decided to treat with the enemy. try v. 尝试;试验;试图;努力;审讯,审判;考验

拓展: have a try 试一次 试一试再去找一份工作。 Have a try to find another job. try for 设法找到

为什么不设法得到一份好工作呢? Why don’t you try for a better job? try on 试穿

她在试穿一件新衬衫。 She was trying on a new shirt. try one’s best 尽最大的努力

你要尽最大努力去工作。 You should try your best to work hard. try to do try doing 你能尝试用自己的话复述这篇文章吗? Can you try retelling the article in your own words? try out 试用

新设备试用一段时间,你就会发现它多么有用。 Try out the new device for some time and you will find how useful it is. turn v. (使)转动,转向; (使)变成 拓展:turn around 回头,转身

turn away 转过脸去 turn back turn down 往回走 调低??的音量;拒绝

在我学习时你把收音机的音量关小,你真的很体谅人。 It is considerate of you to turn down the radio while I am studying. turn up turn in turn into 调高??的音量;出现,露面 上交;拐弯进入 (使变成)

我们只有通过努力奋斗才能把理想变为现实。 Only by striving can we turn our dreams into realities. turn on/off turn out 打开/关掉

生产 结果是,

sth./sb. turned out(to be) = It turned out that 原来是 turn over turn to 翻到(某页) 有困难请向警察求助。 Please turn to the police for help when in trouble. turning point 转折点,转机 轮到某人做某事 移交;仔细考虑;翻阅

求助于,求教于,查阅; (把注意力)转向;

It’ s one’ s turn to do sth.

这次轮到你洗碗了。 It’s your turn to wash the dishes this time. take turns at doing sth. = do sth. by turns 三兄弟轮流照看生病的母亲。 The three brothers took turns at looking after their sick mother. in turn 依次;转而 在世纪之交 轮流做某事

at the turn of the century

understand v. 理解;懂;熟知;通晓;认为;推断 拓展:understand about 他对飞机懂行。 He understand about airplane. unite v. 联合,结合;团结 拓展:the United Nations 联合国(略作 the UN ) 美利坚合众国, 美国 (略 懂得;懂行

the United States(of America) 作 the USA 或 the U.S. )

the United Kingdom 联合王国,英国(略作 the UK) use vt. 使用 拓展:use up 用完,耗尽

当油用完时,仪器上的红灯会亮的。 When the oil is used up, a red light on the instrument will be on. be used to do 被用来做


Plastic can be used to make different kings of things. in use 使用着 (充分)利用

make(full/good) use of

充分利用时间并不意味着从早到晚不停地看书。 Making full use of time doesn’t mean keeping reading books from morning till night. It’s no use/no good doing sth. 好处(本句型的两种变换形式 做某事没有用处/ 没有 I don ’ t

think it any use/good doing sth./Do you think it any use/good doing sth.? ) 你装糊涂是无济于事的。 It’s no use pretending you don’t kno w. 边听音乐边做功课是没有好处的。 It’s no good doing your homework as you are listening to music. used vi. 过去常常(助动词 did 或 used) 拓展:used to do 过去常常做 我过去常去看电影,可现在总是抽不出时间来。 I used to do the cinema, but I never get the time now. used to be 过去是 通过体育锻炼,他比以前更充满活力。 Through physical exercise, he is more energetic than he used to be.

There used to be...


过去这条河里有许多鱼,现在被严重污染了。 There used to be a lot of fish in the river, but now it’s seriously polluted. be/get used to 习惯于??(to 为介词)

他很快适应了高中新的学习环境。 He soon got used to the new learning environment in high school. view vt. 看;查看 拓展: view... as 把??看作??

好奇心和想象力常常被认为是成功的关键。 Curiosity and imagination are often viewed as the key to success. wait vi. 等候 拓展:wait for 等待??

观众们焦急地等待宣布谁是最佳女演员。 The audience were waiting anxiously for announcing who was the best actress. wait (for sb.) to do 等待(某人)做

她迫不及待地要回家告诉家人这个好消息。 She couldn’t wait to go home to tell her family the good news. 无论多晚,母亲总是等着儿子一起共进晚餐。

However late it was, the mother was always waiting for her son to have dinner together. waiting room 候诊室;候车室

wait and see 拭目以待 wake v. 醒来;唤醒 拓展:wake up 醒来;唤醒 want vt. 想要;需要 拓展:want (sb.) to do 想要(某人)做

其实老师并不想让学生怕他们。 In fact, teachers don’t want their students to be afraid of them. want sth. (to be) done 想要某物被做

我希望这份报告在明天以前完成,不容耽搁。 I want this report (to be) finished by tomorrow without delay. warm v. (使)变暖 拓展:warm up warn vt. (使)变暖;做热身运动 vi. 发出警告 警告某人??


拓展:warn sb. of/to do/that

我多次警告他有危险,可是他置若罔闻。 I warned him of the danger many times, but he turned a deaf ear to it. 警方警告市民不要网上交友,以免上当受骗。 The police warn the citizens not to make friends on the Internet

in case they are cheated. 我警告你,晚上一个人出去很危险。 I warn you that it is dangerous to go out alone at night. wash v. 洗;洗起来;冲走 拓展:wash up = wash the dishes wash away 冲掉;冲走 waste vt. 浪费 拓展:waste... (in) doing/on sth. 浪费??做/在某物上 洗餐具

不要把时间浪费在打电子游戏上。 Don’t waste time playing/on video games. watch v. 观看,注视,观察;照看,看守,监视 拓展:watch... do/doing 看着??做/ 正在做

看着火车从视野中消失后我才回家。 Only after I watched the train go out of sight did I go home. 看着朋友们滑雪,我迫不及待地也想体验一下。 Watching my friends skiing, I couldn’t wait to try it myself. wave vi. 挥手示意;波动;起伏 动 拓展:wave at sb. 向某人挥手 向某人挥手告别 vt. 挥手向??示意;挥

wave goodbye to sb.

wear v. 穿着,戴着;穿旧,磨坏;耐用,耐穿 拓展:wear out (使)耗尽、穿旧、磨坏

be worn out wish v. 希望;祝愿 拓展:wish for sth.



我希望得到刊登在今天报纸上的秘书职位。 I wish for the post of secretary advertised in today’s newspaper. wish (sb.) to do 希望(某人)做

他希望叔叔把所有财产都留给他。 He wished his uncle to leave all his property to him. wish sb. sth. 祝愿某人?? 我感谢各位嘉宾的光临,并祝各位身体健康、万事如意。 I’d like to thank you for coming, and wish you good health and good luck in everything. wish you a pleasant journey 祝你一路顺风

work v. (使)工作; (使)运转;起作用 拓展:work at/on sth. 从事某事;致力于某事

如果一个人心中有了目标,并且为此而努力,他就一定会达 到目标。 One is certain to achieve his goal if he has one in mind and works hard at it. work as 担任??工作

放学后玛丽没有直接回家,而是去做清洁工了。 Instead of going straight home after school, Mary went to work

as a cleaner. work out 解出(题目) ;算出;制定出

我们将留给班长去拟定这个计划的详细内容。 We’ll leave our monitor to work out the details of the plan. worry v. (使)担心 拓展: be worried about/that = worry about/that 不要担心你上大学的费用,我们会鼎力相助。 Don’t be worried about your expenses for university education, and we will try our best to help you. wrap vt. 包,裹 拓展:wrap... up in... 用??把??包起来 担心??

父母用毛毯把生病的孩子包裹起来送往医院。 The parents wrapped up their sick child in a blanket and sent him to hospital. write v. 写;写作 拓展:write down 写下,记下 write to sb. 写信给某人


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