高二 选修6 Unit 2
? How many poets do you know?
? Can you remember any poems you have read in school, either in Chinese or in English?
What are the characteristics of poems? Can you give me some examples? Poems have beats. They may rhyme or may not rhyme — but they have to have rhythms. This beat is not always obvious, but it’s usually there.
诗歌 诗人 诗歌（总称） 韵, 压韵的词 (n.) 压韵 (v.) 节奏 (n.)
poet poetry rhyme rhythm rhythmic
Rhyme and rhythm are essential to poetry. Without rhythm, there wouldn’t be poems.
Twinkle twinkle little star
强 弱 强 弱 强 弱 强
How I wonder what you are, Up above the world so high Like a diamond in the sky.
构成一个韵节的四种情况: 强+弱, 强+弱弱
唐诗分五言,七言。根据韵节来分 英诗可分为单韵诗、双韵诗、三韵 诗……至八韵诗。
Why do people write poems? People write poems to tell a story to express feelings to make others laugh to tell the life or friendship to delight the kids to tell stories to describe the seasons or scenes for entertainment as the lyric of a song
Let’s enjoy an English poem in the form of a song: Do-Re-Me and try to find out the rhymes and the rhythm.
Do re mi
Doe a deer a female deer
Ray a drop of golden sun
Me a name I call myself Far a long long way to run Sew a needle pulling thread La a note to follow Sew
Tea a drink with jam and bread That will bring us back to Doe oh-
That will bring us back to Doe
1. Do you have a favourite poem in Chinese or in English? Why is it your favourite poem?
Chinese Ancient Poets
Qu Yuan 《离骚》
Du Fu 《春望》
Li Bai 《静夜思》
Chinese Ancient Poets
Wang Wei 《相思》
Bai Juyi 《草》 《暮江吟》
Su Dongpo 《念奴娇》
Chinese Modern Poets
Guo Moruo 《凤凰涅槃》
Wen Yiduo 《死水》
Ai Qing 《大堰河》
Chinese Modern Poets
Dai Wangsu 《雨巷》
Xu Zhimo 《再别康桥》
Ancient poets in England
George Gordon William Byron Shakespeare (1564～1616) (1788—1824 ) Don Juan《唐璜》 154 sonnets
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792～1822) Ode to the West Wind
Other famous poets in foreign countries
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882） America
Rabindranath Robert Frost Tagore (1861-1941) (1874～1963) India America《荒野》 Jitanjali（吉檀枷利）（Desert Places） Stray Bird（飞鸟集）
A Few simple forms
of English Poems
Read the text carefully and fill in the blanks.
Forms of Poems 1______ Nursery _______ rhymes
Have strong 2_________ rhythm and rhyme __________ Have a lot of repetition Easy to learn and to recite 3_________
Easy to write phrases Repeat 5 _________ and 4_________ List poems some rhyme while other do not Easy to write five lines Made up of 6 ____________ Cinquain Conveys a 7_______________ strong picture in just a few words
A Japanese form of poetry 17 syllables Made up of 8 ___________ Easy to write clear Gives a 9______ picture Creates a special feeling in just a few words translations The 10___________ have a free form.
Read and answer these questions. Hush, little baby, don’t say a word, Papa’s going to buy you a mockingbird. If that mockingbird won’t sing, Papa’s going to buy you a diamond ring. If that diamond ring turns to brass, Papa’s going to buy you a looking-grass.
If that looking-grass gets broke,
Papa’s going to buy you a billy-goat.
If that billy-goat runs away,
Papa’s going to buy you another today.
1. What is the baby’s father going to buy if the mirror gets broken? If the mirror gets broken, the baby’s father will buy a billy-goat instead. 2. What is the baby’s father going to do if the goat runs away? He’s going to buy the baby another billy-goat.
I saw a fish-pond all on fire
I saw a fish-pond all on fire I saw a house bow to a squire,
I saw a person twelve-feet high,
I saw a cottage in the sky,
I saw a balloon made of lead,
I saw a coffin drop down dead,
I saw two sparrows run a race, I saw two horses making lace,
I saw a girl just like a cat,
I saw a kitten wear a hat,
I saw a man who saw these too,
And said though strange they all were
Our first football match
We should have won… If Jack had scored that goal, If we’d had just a few more minutes, If we had trained harder, If Ben had passed the ball to Joe, If we’d had thousands of fans screaming,
If I hadn’t taken my eye off the ball,
If we hadn’t stayed up so late the
If we hadn’t take it easy, If we hadn’t run out of energy. We should have won… If we’d been better!
1. What is the poem about? 2. Did the author’s team win the match? 3. Why didn’t the players win the match? 4. Does the author really believe his or her excuses? How do you know?
Sample answers: 1. The speaker is writing about football. 2. No, his or her team didn’t win. 3. The players didn’t win because: Jack didn’t score that goal; they didn’t have enough time; they hadn’t train hard….
4. No, because at the end of the poem the speaker admits that they just did not play well enough to win…
Brother Beautiful, athletic, Teasing, shouting, laughing Friend and enemy too Mine Summer
Sleepy, salty, Drying, drooping,
dreading, Week in, week out, Endless
1. What are the poems about? 2. Do the authors like the subjects? Give your reasons.
1. his /her brother summer 2. Yes. Although the speaker describes a couple of negative aspects of his/ her brother, the reader can feel the affection that the speaker feels for his/ her brother.
No. The reader gets the feeling that
the speaker cannot wait until the summer is over. The words drooping, dreading, week in, week out and endless convey this feeling.
What is the story that the poem tells? Tell the story in your own words. Circle one or more of the feelings below that you think the woman has. Give reasons for your answers: loneliness joy love trust anger hate sorrow
Where she awaits her husband on and on the river flows. Never looking back, transformed into stone. Day by day upon the mountain top, wind and rain revolve. Should the journeyer return, this stone would utter speech.
望夫处，江悠悠, 化为石，不回头。 山头日日风复雨， 行人归来石应语。
1. A woman’s husband has gone away. The woman waits for him by the river where she last saw him. She waits and waits, never moving from that spot and never speaking, while the river continues to flow and the wind and rain come and go.
2. The woman has the feelings of: Loneliness: she was alone watching her husband on the mountain top. Love: she waited year after year despite wind and rain. Trust: she believed her husband would come back one day. Sorrow: year after year, she waited and waited without seeing any hope of her husband’s coming back, she was very sad.
Read the text carefully and choose the best answers. 1.What is the baby’s father going to buy if the mockingbird won’t sing in Poem A? A. A billy-goat. B. B A diamond ring. C. A looking-glass. D. A computer. 2. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in Poem B? A. A fish-pond on fire. B. A cottage in the sky. C. A girl like a cat. D. D A person ten-feet high.
3. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in Poem F? A. B. A branch. A A child. C. A butterfly. D. A blossom. 4. What kind of feeling is conveyed in Poem G? A. Sorrow. B. Love. C. Happiness. D. Loneliness. C
Enjoy more Tang poems
A SPRING MORNING I awake light-hearted this morning of spring, Everywhere round me the singing of birds But now I remember the night, the storm, And I wonder how many blossoms were broken. (by Meng Haoran)
The Willow The slender tree is dressed in emerald all about, A thousand branches droop like fringes made of jade. But do you know by whom these slim leaves are cut out? The wind of early spring is sharp as scissor blade. By Meng Haoran
In the quiet night So bright a gleam on the foot of my bed--Could there have been a frost already? Lifting myself to look, I found that it was moonlight. Sinking back again, I thought suddenly of my home. By Li Bai
1. Read the text aloud and recite
2. Prepare your favorite Tang poem (s) and translate it/them into English.
Sample translation of Tang poems COMING HOME
I left home young, I return old. Speaking as then, but with hair grow thin; and my children, meeting me, do not know me. They smile and say: Stranger, where do you come from?
ON THE MOUNTAIN HOLIDAY
All alone in a foreign land. I’m twice as homesick on this day, when brothers carry dogwood up the mountain, each of them a branch– and my branch missing.
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