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2013高考英语书面表达讲义及训练(1)及参考范文:如何提高英语写作


2013 高考英语书面表达讲义及训练(1)及参考范文:如何提高英语写作
(2011· 山东卷) 假设你是李华,你的美国朋友 Tom 上个月来到北京学习。七月份你将去北京参加暑期 中学生英语演讲比赛(speech contest),你在资料搜集、语言运用等方面遇到了困难。请根据 以下要点给 Tom 写一封电子邮件: 1.询问 Tom 的生活和学习情况; 2.谈谈你的困难并请 Tom 帮忙; 3.告诉 Tom 你打算赛后去看他。 注意: 1.词数:120~150; 2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ 参考范文 Dear Tom, I have missed you very much.How about your study and life in China? I should tell you that I have something to be helped by you.In July, I will take part in an English speech contest for middle school students in Beijing in summer vacation.I want to make a speech about American scientist Thomas Edison.But I don't know about him deeply.Could you tell me about some background about him, especially how hard he studied science.Please tell me more about his spirit to devote to science, his story to innovation in science.I wish I could become a scientist like Thomas Edison to invent many new things to the world.And please tell me how to use the American motto and logion, which can make my speech more vivid.I will visit you after the speech contest.Thanks a lot! Faithfully yours, Li Hua *************************************************************结束

如何展开你的文章是英文写作必不可少的一步。如果不了解展开文章的技巧和方法,你的写作可能 会是一篇糟糕透顶的、令读者大跌胃口的、不能称之为文章的文章。读完下面的 tips,也许你会有所感悟。

I. Writing down ideas

As you begin to plan your writing, you may already have some ideas concerned with points you wish to write. Write them down on a sheet of paper or card as they come to you.

As you continue to study your subject, be sure to add further ideas and information. Your finished list might look something like this: Topic: The School Library

Ideas:

1. a very well designed modern building 2. a large number of useful books

3. bright and quiet reading rooms 4. patient and helpful librarians...

II. Building a thesis sentence Having completed your list of ideas, your next step is to build a thesis sentence by organizing those ideas in relation to each other, because while planning writing, you must make certain that you have a central idea in your mind. Such a central idea is called a thesis sentence.

As a thesis sentence indicates the central idea that you will develop in your paper, you should use only one in the writing. You need not always express a thesis sentence in the paper itself, although you should clearly control the development of any writing that requires one. If you do use such a statement, it had better appear in the very first paragraph. Why? Because it works for the entire writing in the way a topic sentence does in a paragraph. It tells the readers of your paper what the "big idea" is-and also helps you keep on track in developing that idea. Take your writing with the topic "The School Library" for example.

From our study of the school library we have got two possible thesis sentences:

1. The library is a nice place to study in. 2. The library plays an important part in both teaching and students' study and life.

III. Making an outline

One useful way of planning a piece of writing is a formal outline. An outline is an organized list of related items of ideas. Some people object to outlining. They believe that preparing a formal outline steals valuable time from actual writing and that an outline acts as a brake on the free flow of their ideas. Both objections make some sense. But time spent on an outline will be more than repaid when one begins to write. Also, few of us always think logically. So the final step in organizing your ideas is to make an outline.

Take your writing with the topic "The School Library" for example. Topic: The School Library

Thesis: The school library plays an important part in both teaching and students' study and life. Outline:

1. There are bright and quiet reading rooms in the library, so students can study and read in them. 2. Students borrow books from the library when they need reference books for their studies.

3. The library provides students with a large number of useful books ***********************************************************结束


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