高三学生高考前必须掌握的英语句型 ◆Living near the sea, we enjoy healthy air and beautiful sight.分词短语作状语 ◆Seen from the moon, the earth looks like a blue ball. ◆To learn English well, we must study even harde
r. ◆Hearing the good news, we couldn’t help crying. 分词作状语时，其逻辑主语必须与主句的主语一致。 cf. When he heard the good news, tears came to his eyes. ◆I am sorry to see/hear you fail in the exam. 不带 to 的不定式作宾补 get sth to do ◆I will have my bike repaired tomorrow. 分词作宾补 ◆Who had the light burning all night long? 分词作宾补 ◆To see is to believe. (眼见为实) 不定式作主语，表语 cf: Seeing is believing ◆Losing the new bike made Tom very upset. 动名词作主语 ◆Time permitting (If time permits), I will pick you up at six this evening.独立主格结构 ◆Ten people were killed in the accident, Tom included./including Tom. ◆One hundred scientists were praised, 20 of them women=20 of whom were women. ◆Nothing else to do, I watched TV all day at home. ◆The policeman followed the thief in, gun in hand/with a gun in his hand.. ◆They had to wait for help all the money gone(=as all the money was gone). ◆Everybody out(As everybody was out), I had to put a note on the door. ◆The woman with a baby in her arms is my sister. with 复合结构 ◆I really didn't know when it was that she had arrived in Kunming .强调句型 ◆It is because he was careless that he failed to pass the examination. ◆What on earth was it that he told you about in the street yesterday? ◆Was it in 1969 that the American astronaut succeeded in landing on the moon ? ◆Was it in 1939 when World War Two broke out that they got married?强调句型＋定语从句 ◆Only when the bus has stopped can you get off it 倒装 ◆Not until the early years of the 19th century did man know what heat is. ◆Not only will I give you the book, but I also will give you some money. ◆Hardly/Scarcely had I gone out of the room when I heard the bell ring. No sooner…than ◆Doctor as /though he is, he can't cure her of the disease. 倒装＋让步状从 ◆Were I you(If I were you) ,I would go there myself. 倒装＋虚拟语气 ◆It is necessary/strange/ important/natural/a pity that we (should) change our plan.虚拟语气 ◆Had it not been for /But for/Without your help, our experiment wouldn’t have been so successful. ◆If it should rain tomorrow, we would have to put off the match. ◆If you had taken the medicine last night, you would feel better now. ◆Given more time(=If we had been given…), we could have done better. ◆It is about time that you went home now. ◆I would rather you came here tomorrow morning./I would rather you hadn’t said that yesterday ◆You should have finished your homework yesterday. ◆If only I could fly like a bird./ I wish I could fly like a bird ◆He suggested that we should set off early as was suggested that we should set off early ◆His suggestion was that we (should) set off early. His suggestion that we should set off early was considered.. ◆The teacher insisted that Tom was a good student and that he should be praised. ◆It is so difficult a maths problem that we could hardly work it out. 结果状语从句 ◆It is so easy an exercise that all of us can do it.=It is such an easy exercise that all of us can do it. ◆It is so difficult a maths problem as we could hardly work out. 定语从句 ◆It is such an easy exercise as all of us can do. ◆This is the very/best/last book (that) I am looking for. All that could be done has been done. ◆Is this museum the one (that) they visited that day? Cf: Is this the museum (that) they visited that day?
◆Mrs Wang was disappointed to find the TV set she had had repaired went wrong again ◆Is there a shop around where we can get fruit? ◆I like the city of Hangzhou, where stands a famous tower. ◆The manager will see you on Sunday, when he will be free from all those troubles. ◆The news (that) Tom told us was true. ◆The news that our team had won was true. 同位语从句(that 不能省略，不充当句子成份) ◆What do you think of the suggestion that she (should) try it once more? ◆Their suggestion that we(should) open up another oil field here made us excited ◆The news that we would go to Mount Tai during the summer holidays delighted us. ◆Have you any idea how the problem would be solved ? ◆Whatever I have will be yours sooner or later. 主语从句 ◆It worried her a bit that her hair was turning grey./It's quite clear that he will go to the doctor's tomorrow. ◆It is well known that the earth moves around the sun./Whether he'll go to his uncle's is still unknown. ◆What he has done has nothing to do with us. /What we need are experienced doctors ◆That you don't like him is none of my business. ◆Whoever told you that was lying.(=Anyone who told you that was lying.) ◆Whether he will accept the gift doesn’t matter at all. ◆What the workers insisted on was that they be given more pay.主语从句+表语从句 ◆What the old man's sons wanted to know was where the gold had been hidden. ◆What he is worrying about is whether he can find a job soon. ◆That is just where they are mistaken.表语从句 ◆The reason why I don't go to France was that I got a new job. 定语从句＋表语从句 ◆Whether we can go camping depends on whether it will be fine tomorrow.主从+宾从 ◆These ancient Indians used to live in what is now a part of the United States. ◆The bike is in good order except that there's something wrong with the front wheel. ◆When he invented the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell was still a young man.时间状从 ◆He had just got up/ I was watching TV when someone knocked at the door. ◆It was 11:30 when we got home last night. cf. It was at 11:30 that I got home last nigh ◆Each/Every(Last/Next) time he tried the experiment , he got the same result. ◆The minute/moment/second/instant/Immediately/Instantly I saw Tom, I recognized him.(=as soon as) ◆Stay where you are until I come back .地点状从 Where there is a will, there is a way. ◆Young people should go where they are most needed. 地点状从 ◆If you work hard, you'll make much progress.条件状从=Work hard, and you’ll make much progress.并列句 ◆The harder you work, the better progress you will make.=If you work harder, you will make better progress. ◆He talks about the US as if he had been there many times./ You must do as the teacher tells you to. 方式状从 ◆This room is 4 times as large as that one.=the size of that one/ 3 times larger than that one 比较状从 ◆However hard the job is(=No matter how hard …), we ought to try our best. 让步状从 ◆Even if I know he won't agree, I'll still try to persuade him. Whether you like it or not, you should study hard. ◆While I agree that Tom is not perfect, he is still a good student. ◆Whatever the house costs(=No matter what …), it will be worth it. 让步状从 ◆Whatever he says(=Anything that he says) sounds reasonable. 主语从句 ◆I have seen him twice during the past week. 现在完成时 ◆He hurried to the station only to find that the train had gone ◆He is the only one of the students who is good at singing. 主谓一致 ◆It is Tom and Mary that are to blame for the accident. ◆Neither you nor I am a fool; Not you but Tom is a fool. ◆All are here and all is going well. ◆No one but/except Tom and Mary knows my address。 1. It goes without saying that… 显而易见 eg. It goes without saying that your parents will never give you up .
2. I hate/dislike/highly appreciate it if/when… eg. I hate it when people smoke in public. I would highly appreciate it if you can reply to me early. 3. There is a chance that…= Chances are that… eg. There is a chance that their team will win. 4. Nothing is +adj.比较级+than to do … eg. Nothing is more important than to receive education. 5. A is to B what C is to D =A is to B just as C is to D eg. Air is to us what water is to fish. 6. When it comes to sth… 当涉及到，当谈到 eg. When it comes to playing computer games, he is really a genius. 7. There be 句型的独立主格形式 eg. There being no time left, we must hurry. =Because there was no time left, we must hurry. 8. There is no point/sense (in)doing … eg. There is no point in arguing further. 9. It/This is the +序数词+time +现在完成时 eg. It is the first time that I have been late for school. That was the second time that I had been to BJ. 10. It occurred to me that/to do… eg. It occurred to me that I had ever seen him somewhere before. 11. It’s like sb to do sth. (用来描述一个人的行为特征）在很像…的所作所为,一贯作风 eg. It’s quite like him to have been so rude to the strangers. 12. What do you think of… =How do you like/find… 你认为…怎么样？ 13. as soon as…=directly/immediately/instantly=the moment/the second/the minute/the instant… eg. They informed us of the result of the exam immediately they got it. 14. On / Upon + n./doing eg. Upon his return to his country, … On hearing the news, … 15. before 的特殊用法 （1）还没来得及/尚未…就…before 后的从句中如果出现 “had time to do/could do”时，要考虑用“before” eg. The roof fell before he had time to dash into the room to save his baby. To my great disappointment, my favorite singer left the concert before I could have a word with her. 15. before 的特殊用法 （2） 过了多久才… eg. They worked day and night about three days before everything returned to normal. I spent all the money with me before I knew it.不知不觉就花光了 I hadn’t waited long before he came. We waited a long time before the train arrived.我们等了很长时间火车才到 we waited until the train arrived.我们一直都到火车到达 15. before 的特殊用法 (3) 趁着还不…, 趁还没有… eg. We are thinking of buying the house before the prices go up. Take action before it is too late. we’ll have to take effective measures before it goes worse. 趁着事情还没有恶化，我们必须采取有效的措施。 15. before 的特殊用法 （4）It was + 段时间+before 过了多久才… It was not long before… 不久就…
It will be + 段时间+ before… 要过多久才… eg. It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position. 不久他就意识到处境的危险 It will not be long before we set foot in society. 16. …when…=and just at that moment, suddenly 强调另一件事的突然 （1) was/were doing …when… (2) had hardly done…when… (3) was/were about to do…when… =was/were on the point of doing…when… eg. I was walking along the river when I heard a crying for help. 17. While 在…期间 While in University, she took many small jobs to make money. while=although 尽管 While I was angry with her, I didn’t lose my temper. 趁着 Enrich yourself and do something meaningful while you are still young. 18. How come… 为什么会…是怎样的…要求对发生的事情解释或说明理由） eg. If she spent five years in Paris, how come she can’t speak a word of French? You were an hour late this morning, how come? 19. As it is = as things are “照现在的情形看 He promised to study hard, but as it is,he does no better than before. Life is difficult as it is. 生活本来就不容易。 20. 疑问词+ever=no matter +疑问词 (引导让步状语从句） Whatever/No matter what may happen, we shall not lose heart. Whoever/No matter who comes, he will be welcome.= Whoever comes will be welcome. However/No matter how hard I have tried, I can’t argue my father into giving up smoking. 21. too…to… 太…而不能… The boy is still too young to go to school. too…to…和 not, never 连用，表肯定意义。 We are never too old to learn. We teenagers are never too young to make a difference to the world. 我们年轻人也可以对世界 有所作为。 too…to…和表好心情的词连用，表肯定意义。 ready/glad/surprised/happy/willing/eager/kind.. too= very 表肯定意义。 I am too glad to see you here . He was too ready to talk. I would too happy to help. can’t/can never 和 too 搭配表示 “无论怎样…都不过分” While you are doing your homework, you can’t be too careful. He is such a great man that we can’t praise him too much. One can never be too careful in one’s work. 22. 现在分词做独立成分： Generally /comparatively/frankly/exactly speaking Speaking of/talking of 谈到/说到 Judging from…从…来判断 Supposing…假定… Considering…考虑到… 鉴于…就…而论… Taking everything into consideration…纵观一切 Providing that… 以…为条件， 假如 Considering her age, she is very active. Talking of looking for job, what kind of job would you like to take in the future?
Judging from his accent, he is from America. Taking everything into consideration, he is more qualified for the job. (Everything taken into consideration) Suppose/supposing that you had only three days to live on, what would you do? 23. cannot but do, cannot help but do, cannot choose but do “不得不…, 只好… It’s raining hard. I cannot help but stay at home. Being endangered, most animals cannot choose but wait for their destiny. 24. 不定式的固定用法： to be frank/ to be honest/ to tell the truth/ to be safe 为安全起见 to be short 简短地说 to be exact 精确地讲 to make things / matters worse to begin with= to start with 首先 To be frank, he is not fit for the job. To be short / in short, we are faced with many issues and need to take immediate action to solve them. to be safe, you’d better take your cellphone while outing. To make matters worse, it started to snow when evening came. 25. the + 比较级…, the + 比较级… The more, the better. The more you read, the better you understand. The higher up you go, the colder it becomes. The more you practice, the better you will be at maths. 26. no + 比较级 + than not + 比较级 + than A 和 B 都不… He works no harder than I .他和我都不用功. He doesn’t work harder than I .他不如我用功 more than 不仅仅 no more than 只不过,仅仅 not more than = at most 不多于 more + adj/ n + than + adj / n 与其说……倒不如说… There are no more than ten students in the classroom. There are not more than ten students in the classroom. He is no more than a child, so I don’t take him too seriously. In our students’ eyes, he is more than a teacher, he is more like our friend. He is more diligent than clever.与其说他聪明,倒不如说他勤奋. 27. it’s only/just a matter of doing… ….只不过是…..; ….无非是….. Learning English is just a matter of doing more listening, speaking, reading and writing. Bring up a child is not only a matter of feeding, clothing and housing him. You must give him self-confidence and also let him know some important values in life. 28. have + n + do 让某人去干….(一次性动作) have + n + doing 让……持续(反复进行) have + n + done 请人干……/ 使遭受到…../ 使某事完成 He had his students translating sentences all the time in class. I’ll have the report typed by the secretary. Yesterday on the bus he had his money stolen. Don’t be worried, I’ll see to the matter and have everything prepared well in advance. 29. get + n + to do 让某人去干……(一次性行为) get + n + doing 使……开始……/ 使……动起来 get + n + done 请人干…../使某事做完 He teacher got the student to read the news to his classmates.
The boy is always keeping silent. Can you get him talking? The workers are on strike. Can you get them working? 30. get + n + to do 让某人去干……(一次性行为) get + n + doing 使……开始……/ 使……动起来 get + n + done 请人干…../使某事做完 He teacher got the student to read the news to his classmates. The boy is always keeping silent. Can you get him talking? The workers are on strike. Can you get them working? 31. had hoped to do = hoped to have done 表示没有实现的希望,打算,意图。 类似的词还有 expect, think, intend, mean, suppose, want, would like / love to have done…. ; was/were to have done…. I had hoped / intended / meant / expected / wanted to call on my grandfather the other day, but I was prevented by a heavy rain. ----Did you go to see the film “Titanic” yesterday? ----I would like to have, but my mother suddenly fell ill and I had to attend her. Did you attend Tom’s birthday party yesterday? I’d like to have, but I was on duty. 32. So + adj./adv. + 倒装句 + that … Such + n./ n 短语 + 倒装句 + that… So busy is he that he can’t attend the concert. Such a fine day is it that we’d like to play outside. So sudden was the attack that the enemy had no time to escape. 33. only + adv/介词短语/状语从句+ 倒装 Only in this way can we solve the problem on time. Only when he told me did I realize what trouble he was in. Only when he lost health did he know its value. Only socialism can save China. 34.表示主语的某种属性特征的动词. 如: read, write, act, cut, draw, drive, sell, wash, clean, wear, open, cook, lock, shut, dry, eat, drink.这类动词一般不单独使用,常有一个修饰语. This coat dries easily. Nylon clean easily. The door won’t lock. Food can keep fresh in a fridge. His book does not sell well. Your pen writes smoothly. The match won’t catch. The plan worked out wonderfully. The recorder won’t play. The engine won’t start. This knife cuts well. The cloth washes well. 35.关系副词 where 的用法;高考对 where 的考察驱于复杂,从先行词为明显的地点,转为地点模糊化.当先行词表示 某人/物的 situation,或某事物所发展的 stage,或表示某事物的某方面时都可用 where. The accident had reached a point where both their parents are to be called in. Where will all this trouble lead? That is where you are mistaken. You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is where I disagree. I can think of many cases, where students obviously knew a lot of English words and expressions but couldn’t write a good essay.
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