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(1) 不定式做宾语和宾语补足语 1)下面的动词要求不定式做宾语 attempt 企图 enable 能够 neglect 忽视 afford 负担得起 demand 要求 long 渴望 arrange 安排 destine 注定 mean 意欲,打算 begin 开始 expect 期望 omit 忽略,漏 appear 似乎,显得 determine 决定 manage 设

法 cease 停止 hate 憎恨,厌恶 pretend 假装 ask 问 dread 害怕 need 需要 agree 同意 desire 愿望 love 爱 swear 宣誓 volunteer 志愿 wish 希望 bear 承受 endeavor 努力 offer 提供 beg 请求 fail 不能 plan 计划 bother 扰乱;烦恼 forget 忘记 prefer 喜欢,宁愿 care 关心,喜欢 happen 碰巧 prepare 准备 decide 决定 learn 学习 regret 抱歉,遗憾 choose 选择 hesitate 犹豫 profess 表明 claim 要求 hope 希望 promise 承诺,允许 start 开始 undertake 承接 want 想要 consent 同意,赞同 intend 想要 refuse 拒绝 decide 决定 learn 学习 vow 起 contrive 设法,图谋 incline 有…倾向 propose 提议 seek 找,寻觅 try 试图 2)下面的动词要求不定式做宾补:动词+宾语+动词不定式 ask 要求,邀请 get 请,得到 prompt 促使 allow 允许 forbid 禁止 prefer 喜欢,宁愿 announce 宣布 force 强迫 press 迫使 bride 收买 inspire 鼓舞 request 请求 assist 协助 hate 憎恶 pronounce 断定,表示 advise 劝告 exhort 告诫,勉励 pray 请求 authorize 授权,委托 help 帮助 recommend 劝告,推荐 bear 容忍 implore 恳求 remind 提醒 beg 请求 induce 引诱 report 报告 compel 强迫 invite 吸引,邀请, summon 传唤 command 命令 intend 想要,企图 show 显示 drive 驱赶 mean 意欲,打算 train 训练 cause 引起 instruct 指示 require 要求 deserve 应受 leave 使,让 tell 告诉 direct 指导 like 喜欢 tempt 劝诱 entitle 有资格 order 命令 warn 告诫 enable 使能够 need 需要 urge 激励,力说 encourage 鼓励 oblige 不得不 want 想要 condemn 指责,谴责 lead 引起,使得 teach 教 entreat 恳求 permit 允许 wish 希望

(2)有少数动词只能用动名词作宾语 acknowledge 承认,自认 cease 停止 mention 说到,讲到 admit 承认 tolerate 忍受 dislike 不喜欢,讨厌 advocate:提倡,主张 complete 完成 dread 可怕 appreciate 感激,欣赏 confess 坦白 endure 忍受 avoid 避免 contemplate 细想 enjoy 享有,喜爱 bear 忍受 defer 拖延 envy 嫉妒 can't help 不禁 delay 延迟 escape 逃跑,逃避 can't stand 受不了 deny 否认 excuse 借口 consider 考虑 detest 嫌恶 fancy 幻想,爱好 favor 造成,偏爱 mind 介意 repent 悔悟 figure 描绘,计算 miss 错过 resent 怨恨 finish 完成,结束不得 pardon 原谅,饶恕 resist 抵抗,阻止 forgive 原谅 permit 允许 resume 恢复 imagine 设想 postpone 延迟,延期 risk 冒险 involve 卷入,包含 practise 实行,实践 suggest 建议 hate 讨厌 prevent 阻止 save 营救,储蓄 keep 保持 quit 放弃停止 stand 坚持,忍受 loathe 非常讨厌,厌恶 recall 回想 例如: I appreciate having been given the opportunity to study abroad two years ago.我很感激 两年前给我出国学习的机会。 (3)有些动词后使用动名词和动词不定式作宾语的差别 1)forget to do 忘记要去做某事(此事未做) forget doing 忘记做过某事(此事已做过或已发生) 2)stop to do 停止、中断(某件事) ,目的是去做另一件事 stop doing 停止正在或经常做的事 3)remember to do 记住去做某事(未做) remember doing 记得做过某事(已做) 4) regret to do 对要做的事遗憾 regret doing 对做过的事遗憾、后悔 5)try to do 努力、企图做某事 try doing 试验、试一试某种办法 6) mean to do 打算,有意要… mean doing 意味着 7)go on to do 继而(去做另外一件事情) go on doing 继续(原先没有做完的事情) 8)propose to do 打算(要做某事) proposing doing 建议(做某事) 9) like /love/hate/ prefer +to do 表示具体行为;+doing sth 表示抽象、倾向概念 (注)如果这些动词前有 should 一词,其后宾语只跟不定式,不能跟动名词。例如: I should like to see him tomorrow. 10) need, want, deserve +动名词表被动意义;+不定式被动态表示“要(修、清理等)”意思。 Don't you remember seeing the man before?你不记得以前见过那个人吗? You must remember to leave tomorrow.你可要记着是明天动身。

完形填空练习(1) One summer night, on my way home from work, I decided to see a movie. I knew the theatre would be air-conditioned and I couldn’t face my 1 apartment. Sitting in the theatre I had to look through the 2 between the two tall heads in front of me. I had to keep changing the angle (角度) 3 she leaned over to talk to him, 4 he leaned over to kiss her. Why do Americans express such feelings in a 5 place? I thought the movie would be good for my English, but 6 it turned out, it was an 7 movie. After about an hour I decided to give up on the movie and 8 my popcorn. I’ve never understood why they give you so much popcorn! It tasted pretty good, 9 . After a while I heard 10 more of the romantic-sounding Italians. I just heard the 11 of the popcorn crunching (嘎扎的响声) between my teeth. My thought started to 12 I remembered when I was in South Korea, I 13 to watch Kojak on TV frequently. He spoke perfect Korean—I was really amazed. He seemed like a good friend to me, 14 I saw him again in New York speaking 15 English instead of perfect Korean. He didn’t even have a Korean accent and I 16 like I had been cheated. When our family moved to the United States six years ago, none of us spoke any English. 17 we had begun to learn a few words, my mother suggested that we all should speak English at home. Everyone agreed, but our house became very 18 and we all seemed to avoid each other. We sat at the dinner table in silence, 19 that to speaking the difficult language. Mother tried to say something in English, but it 20 out all wrong and we all burst into laughter and decided to forget it! We have been speaking Korean at home ever since. 1. A. warm 2. A. hole 3. A. any time 4. A. while 5. A. private 6. A. since 7. A. English 8. A. exchange 9. A. too 10. A. much 11. A. voice 12. A. wonder 13. A. enjoyed 14. A. until 15. A. formal 16. A. felt 17. A. While 18. A. empty 19. A. connecting 20. A. worked B. hot B. blank B. the moment B. whenever B. public B. when B. Italian B. eat B. still B. any B. sound B. wander B. happened B. because B. informal B. looked B. If B. quiet B. stopping B. got C. heated C. break C. some time C. or C. theatrical C. what C. Korean C. threw away C. though C. no C. signal C. imagine C. turned C. then C. perfect C. seemed C. Before C. still C. referring C. came D. cool D. space D. every time D. and D. open D. as D. American D. taste D. certain D. few D. noise D. leave D. used D. therefore D. practical D. appeared D. Once D. calm D. preferring D. made


完形填空练习(2) What is intelligence anyway? When I was in the army I 1 an intelligence test that all soldiers took, and, against 2 of 100, scored 160. I had an auto-repair man once, who, on these intelligence tests, could not 3 have scored more than 80. 4 , when anything went wrong with my car I hurried to him—and he always 5 it. Well, then, suppose my auto-repair man 6 questions for some intelligence tests. By every one of them I’d prove myself a 7 . In a world where I have to work with my 8 , I’d do poorly. Consider my auto-repair man 9 . He had a habit of telling 10 . One time he said, “Doc, a deaf-and-dumb (聋哑) man 11 some nails. Having entered a store, he put two fingers together on the counter and made 12 movements with the other hand. The clerk brought him a hammer. He 13 his head and pointed to the two fingers he was hammering. The clerk 14 him some nails. He picked out the right size and left. Well, Doc, the 15 man who came in was blind. He wanted scissors. 16 do you suppose he asked for them?” I lifted my right hand and made scissoring movements with my first two fingers. He burst out laughing and said, “Why, you fool, he used his 17 and asked for them. I’ve been 18 that on all my customers today, but I knew 19 I’d catch you.” “Why is that?” I asked. “Because you are so goddamned educated, Doc. I knew you couldn’t be very 20 .” And I have an uneasy feeling he had something there. 1. A. failed 2. A. an average 3. A. always 4. A. Then 5. A. fixed 6. A. answered 7. A. teacher 8. A. brains 9. A. again 10. A. lies 11. A. bought 12. A. cutting 13. A. nodded 14. A. brought 15. A. clever 16. A. What 17. A. imagination 18. A. trying 19. A. for sure 20. A. clear B. wrote B. a total B. possibly B. Thus B. checked B. practiced B. doctor B. effort B. as usual B. jokes B. tested B. hammering B. raised B. packed B. other B. How B. hand B. proving B. at once B. silly C. received C. an exam C. certainly C. Therefore C. drove C. designed C. winner C. hands C. too C. news C. found C. waving C. shook C. sent C. right C. Who C. voice C. practicing C. in fact C. slow D. chose D. a number D. frequently D. yet D. changed D. tried D. fool D. attention D. as well D. tales D. needed D. circling D. turned D. sold D. next D. Which D. information D. examining D. right now D. smart




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