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2014外研版英语必修五module1


杨杨英语老师课堂

2014 外研版 必修五 module1 必背单词 1.accent n. 口音 2.obvious adj. 显然的; 3.underground n. (英)地铁 6.omit vt. 省略

4.confusing adj.令人困惑的;5.compare vt.比较 7.variety n. 种类 9.remark

n. 评论;讲话 12.satellite n. 卫星 15.structure n. 结构;体 18.edition n. 版 21in favour of 同意;支持 24.attempt n. 努力;尝试 27.thanks to 幸亏,多亏 31.standard adj. 标准的 重点短语 1.confuse A with/and B 2.compare. . .with. . . 3.variety of=varieties of 4.have sth.in common (with sb./sth.) 5.make a difference 6.be similar to 把 A 和 B 相混淆

8.differ vi. 不同;有区别 8.settler n. 移民;定居者 10.variation n. 变化 13.switch n. 开关 6.rapidly adv. 迅速地 11.steadily adv.持续地 14.lead to 引起;导致 17.announcement n. 声明 20.add vt. 加;增加 23.refer to as 称?为 26.combination n. 组合

19.cute adj. 逗人喜爱的 22.present vt. 陈述 25.simplify vt. 简化

29.distinctive adj.与众不同 30.criticize vt. 批评 32.reference n. 参考;查阅

和??比较 各种各样的 和某人或某物有相同之处.

有关系;有重要性; 与??相似

7.have some/much difficulty(in)doing sth.做某事有些/很多困难 8.quene up 站队 重点知识讲解

杨杨英语老师课堂

1. except 和 except for 的区别 (1) except 表示“除去,不包括” ,强调所排除的“不包括在内” ,一般表示同类 之间的关系,常同 nothing, all, none, nobody, any 等不定代词以及 every 连用。 ① The office is open every day except Sundays. 除了星期日这家公司每天 都营业。 except that+句子 (2)except for 也表示“除?以外” ,指对某种基本情况进行具体的细节方面的 修正。I can answer all the questions except for the last one. 除了最后一题 外,所有题目我都可以解答。 Your writing is good except for a few grammar mistakes. 除了几处语法错 误外,你的作文写得很好。 2. divide?into?指把整体分成若干个部分 例句:please divide our class into 4 group. 3. Read the passage and find four ways in which British and America are fifferent. The way 的用法 意为 ‘方式, 方法’ , 作先行词, 在定语从句中做状语时, 引导词用 that 或 in which, 或不加引导词。 I don’t like the way you spoke to her. Way 在句子中做主语,宾语时,引导词用 that 或 which 4. Americans use a flashlight, while for the British,it’s a torch. While 在句中用作连词,连接两个句子,意为‘而,然而’ You like tennis, while I’d rather read.

杨杨英语老师课堂

5. sometimes the same word has a slightly different meaning, which can be confusing.有时候,同一个单词在意义上有一点细微的差别,这会让人困惑。 本课语法:which 引导的非限制性定语从句 Confusing, confuse sb , be confused about,get confused 6. after all,放在句首或句中意为‘毕竟,终究’ ,用来说服或提醒对方 例句:Mary didn’t pass the exam,but after all, she had done her best. 7. as much as 意思是‘多达?..,?..之多’ The price of clothes is as much as 500 RMB.这套衣服的价格高达 500 元 8. it+be+adj+(for sb.)to do sth 例句:it’s difficult for us to pass the exam.对我们来说通过这次考试是 困难的。 原句是:to pass the exam is difficult for us. 但是为了避免头重脚轻,用 it 来做形式主语,真正的主语放在后面。 9. suggest 意为‘建议,提议’时它所引导的宾语从句或由它做谓语的主语从句都 必须用虚拟语气,即 should+动词原形。 He suggested that we should start out earlier.他建议我们早些动身,实际 上动身的这个动作还没有发生 当它意为‘暗示,表明,启发’宾语从句需用陈述语气,主谓动作一致。 His smile on his face suggested that he did well in the test.(已经做过 的事情) Ⅰ.单词荟萃 1. _________ adj.使人困惑的→ ________ adj. 感到困惑的→confuse v.使人困惑; 混淆

杨杨英语老师课堂

2. _____v. 不同,有区别→ different adj. 有区别的,不同的→ _________ n. 区 别,差异 3. ______ n. 种类→variation n. 变化→_______ adj.各种各样的→ ____ v. 变化, 不同 4. _____________n.通告;宣告;通知→ _________ vt.通告,宣告→announcer n.广 播员,播音员 5.add v.增加→ _______ n. 增添,增加→ ___________ adv. 另外 6. _______ v. 简化→ simple adj.简单的→ ______ adv.简单地,仅仅 7. combination n. 组合,结合→________ v. 组合,结合 8. _______v.批评→ _______ n. 批评→ critical adj. 批评的 9. ________n. 参考,查阅→ refer v.谈及,提及,涉及,参考 Ⅲ.佳句再现 1. It doesn’t ______________________ a teacher speaks British __ American English. 老师说英国英语还是说美国英语没有多大影响。 2. The other two areas ______ the two varieties ____ are spelling and pronunciation. 在两种英语中另外两个领域的区别是拼写和发音。 3. The British use prepositions ______ Americans sometimes _____ them? 英国人使用介词的地方,美国人有时省略?? 4.When the Irish writer George Bernard Shaw _________ _____________ that the British and the Americans are two nations _______ by a common language, he was _________

adj. 附加的,另外的→

杨杨英语老师课堂

obviously _____________ the differences. 当爱尔兰作家萧伯纳讲那句名言——英国和美国是被同一种语言分开的两个民族—— 的时候,他显然想到了他们的区别。 5. _______ , there is probably ________________ of pronunciation within the two countries

as between them.

毕竟,两个国家境内的口音差别可能跟两个国家之间的口音差别一样多。 6 . A Londoner ______________________________ a Scotsman from Glasgow than understanding a New Yorker. 伦敦人要听懂来自格拉斯哥的苏格兰人讲话可能比听懂纽约人讲话更难。 7.This nonstop communication, the experts think, ________________ for British people and Americans _____________________ . 专家们认为,这种不间断的交流使得英国人和美国人彼此理解变得更容易了。 8.But it has also _____ lots of American words and structures ____________ British English, _______ some people now believe that British English will disappear. 但是,这也导致了大量的美语单词和结构进入英式英语。结果,现在许多人都认为英 式英语将会消失。 9. ____________it was selling one million copies a year, _________ one of the most popular school books ____ . 到 19 世纪 50 年代时,这本书每年都销售一百万册,使它成为最受欢迎的学校用书之 单项选择 1. Do you know the difficulty I had the work? A. on finishing B. to finish C. finishing D. having finished

杨杨英语老师课堂

2. I know nothing about the young lady____she is from Beijing. A. except B. except for C. except that D.besides

3. His_____story made us______ A. confusing , confused C.confused,confusing B. confusing, confusing D. confused, confused

4. In a-100-people group,32 women smoke_____ 28 men. A. comparing to B. comparing with C. compared to D. compared with PART TWO 知识点 课本例句: 1.The prime minister is making an important announcement at the moment. 首相此刻正在发表一项重要声明。 Announcement,名词,声明,宣布,动词:announce 例句:Everyone was silent as he announced the list.他宣布这个名单时大家都很 安静。 2. How long did it take her to understand what people were saying? It + takes /took +sb+some time+to do sth Take 表示花费某人?时间做某事 It took me ten minutes to go to the post office. Spend 的主语必须是人。spend+on+sth, spend+ving 例句: 3. Mary picked up the local accent and she started to use it. pick up 的用法 1. 偶然学会,得到,获得 例句:How did you pick up these information?

杨杨英语老师课堂

2. 捡起:please pick up the paper on the ground.请捡起地上的纸 3. because, since, as ,now that 的区别 because, as, for, since 这几个词都是表示“原因”的连词,语气由强至弱依 次为:because→since→as→for;其中 because, since, as 均为从属连词,引 导原因状语从句;而 for 是并列连词,引导并列句。

because 表示直接原因,它所指的原因通常是听话人所不知道的,其语气最强。
常用来回答 why 的提问,一般放于主句之后,也可以单独存在。例如: (1)I stayed at home because it rained. 因为下雨我呆在家里。

since 侧重主句, 从句表示显然的或已为人所知的理由, 常译为 “因为” 、 “既然” ,
语气比 because 稍弱,通常置于句首,表示一种含有勉强语气的原因。例如: (1)Since he asks you, you”ll tell him why. 他既然问你,那就告诉他为什 么吧。 (2)Since everyone is here, let ”s start. 既然大家都到齐了,我们就出发 吧! as 是常用词,它表示的“原因”是双方已知的事实或显而易见的原因,或者理 由不是很重要,含义与 since 相同,但语气更弱,没有 since 正式,常译为“由 于,鉴于” 。从句说明原因,主句说明结果,主从并重。例如: (1)As I had a cold, I was absent from school. 因为我感冒了,所以没去 上课。 (2)As Xiaowang was not ready, we went without him. 由于小王没有准备好, 我们只好不带他去了。

for 用作连词时,与 because 相似,但它所表示的原因往往提供上文未交待过的
情况。 for 不表示直接原因, 表明附加或推断的理由, 因此 for 被看作等立连词,

杨杨英语老师课堂

它所引导的分句只能放在句子后部(或单独成为一个句子),并且前后两个分句 间的逻辑关系不一定是因果关系,其间用逗号隔开,且 for 不可置于句首,for 的这一用法常用在书面语中,较正式。例如:(1)The days are short, for it is now December. 白天短了,因为现在已是十二月份。 (2)It must have rained, for the ground is wet. (从“地面潮湿”作出“下 过雨”的推测,但地湿并不一定是下雨所致, for 不可以换为 because。) (3)The ground is wet because it has rained. ( “下雨”是“地上潮湿”的 直接原因。) 前后两个分句间有一定的因果关系时(有时很难区分是直接原因,还是推测性 原因),for 与 because 可以互换使用。例如: (4)I could not go, for / because I was ill. 我没能去,是因为我病了。 (5)He felt no fear, for / because he was a brave boy. 他没有害怕,因 为他是个勇敢的男孩 小试牛刀 翻译:既然你忙,我来帮你做吧。 填空:1.He may be ill, ______he is absent for school. 2.______I am well again ,I go on with my work. 4.Carry out research 进行试验 Carry out tests on dogs,对狗进行了实验。 Carry on 继续 5.as well as 也,既.又. 以及,又,相当于 not only?but also? I'm learning French as well as English. 我学英语之外还学法语。

杨杨英语老师课堂

6.Now add some more ideas in favour of your choice. add 加,增加,if you add to five ,you’ll get seven. add?to?往?里加?please add some salt to the water.请往水里加盐 in favour of 同意, I’m in favour of his opinion. 7.Present your ideas to your classmates.向你的同学陈述你的观点。 Present 陈述,提出,赠送 意为“赠送”时常考的用法:present sb with sth 或 present sth to sb, present sb with sth. 例句: I will present this doy to my sister. I will present my sister with this doy。 8.The Chinese refer to their language as Han ,as it became popular among the people during the Han Dynasty.中国人把他们的语言称作汉语,因为它在汉朝 refer to(1)把?称做(2)提到,谈到,例句:He reffered to his experiences in Italy.他谈到了他在意大利的经历 (3)查阅,参考:Refer to your dictionary when you meet new words. 遇到生词 时请查字典。 巩固基础 1. I’m glad you_____this matter in person. A.lead to B.see to C.turn to D refer to 2. The reporter _______the election results. A.tell B.announce C.say D.speak 3. He ______some French while he was in Paris.

杨杨英语老师课堂

A. get up B.picked up C.gave up D.took in 4. I ______every Saturday working in an animal hospital. A.pay B.get C.take D.spend 5. My sister was against my suggestion while my brother was _____it. A.in honour of B.in memory of C.in favour of D.in search of

6.She ______her views to her parents very clearly. A.preserved B.presented C.provided D.supplied

7.That’s all I have to say.Is there anything you want to ______? A.talk B.require C.add D.deliver


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