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天津版2016届高三上学期第一次月考 英语


第一次月考英语试题【天津版】
第 I 卷(选择题,共 115 分) 第一部分:听力测试(共两节,满分 20 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标 在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段 对话仅读一遍

。 1. Why can’t the woman help the man? A. She is too busy at the moment. B. She doesn’t know where the station is. C. She just wants to play a trick on him. 2. Why didn’t the man take any pictures of the tower? A. He showed no interest in it. B. He didn’t take his camera. C. There was no film left. 3. How long is the river? A. 2,500 miles. B. 1,250 miles. C. 625 miles. 4. What is the relationship between the speakers? A. Boss and worker. B. Doctor and patient. C. Teacher and student. 5. What is the world record set by Mike Powell? A. 8.95 meters. B. 8.59 meters. C. 7.52 meters 第二节 (共 10 个小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 听下面几段材料。每段材料后有几个小题, 从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并涂 在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前, 你将有时间阅读 m 小题(每小题 5 秒钟), 听完后, 你将 有 5 秒钟时间回答各个小题。每段材料读两遍。 听下面一段对话,回答第 6 至 8 题。 6. Where was O. Henry born? A. In South Carolina. B. In North Carolina. C. In New York. 7. Why was O. Henry put into prison? A. He was thought to have stolen money from the bank. B. He set fire to the house of his neighbor ’s. C. He was trying to kill a person who he hated. 8. What were O. Henry’s stories mostly about? A. His experiences in the prison. B. His childhood and sufferings. C. New York and its poor people. 听下面一段对话,回答第 9 至 11 题。 9. Why does the man call the woman? A. To apply for a job in her company. B. To get some information of a position in her company. C. To recommend his daughter to the woman. 10. Which of the following is mentioned in the conversation? A. Height. B. ID card number. C. Home address.

11. What can we know about the man’s daughter? A. She wants to be an air hostess. B. She is over 30 years old. C. She can speak three foreign languages. 听下面一段独白,回答第 12 至 15 题。 12. What does a vegetarian version of a hotdog contain? A. Pork. B. Beef. C. Tofu. 13. What kind of hotdogs do American people enjoy most? A. Those made from pork. B. Those shaped like a tube. C. Those cooked over a fire. 14. Why is a hotdog also called frankfurter or frank? A. The people in Frankfurt-am-Main enjoy hotdogs most. B. The city of Frankfurt-am-Main is said to be its birthplace. C. The butcher Frankfurt is said to have made the first hotdog. 15. How many cities claim that it created the food? A. 2. B. 3. C. 4. 第二部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 16. It is generally accepted that ______ boy must learn to stand up and fight like ______ man. A. a; a B. a; the C. the; the D. /;/ 17. Wind is now the world’s fastest growing ______ of power. A. source B. sense C. result D. root 18. Anyway, we’re here now, so let’s ______ some serious work. A. come up with B. get down to C. do away with D. live up to 19. The young couple have been looking for houses, but haven’t yet found ______ they can afford. A. one B. that C. them D. it 20. It is reported that the U.S. consumes ______ energy as the whole of Africa. A. as four times B. four times much C. four times much as D. four times as much 21. In China, the number of cities is increasing ______development is recognized across the world. A. where B. which C. whose D. that 22. He had to pause from time to time to wipe the sweat from his forehead, because the air-conditioning system ______. A. broke in B. broke up C. broke out D. broke down 23. It was not until near the end of the letter ______ she mentioned her own plan. A. that B. where C. why D. when 24. –Oh, you sounded just like a native. --______. I still have trouble expressing myself. A. Well, not quite B. I don’t care C. Yes, you’re right D. I’m glad you like it 25. John thinks it won’t be long ______ he is ready for his new job. A. when B. after C. before D. since 26. I’m sorry, David. It wasn’t my _______ to cause a quarrel between you and Joan. A. point B. meaning C. intention 27. It is the most instructive lecture that I ______ since I came to this school. A. attended B. had attended C. am attending 28. – Have you finished the book? --No. I’ve read up to ______ the children discover the secret cave. A. which B. what C. that D. view D. have attended

D. where

29. Many of the students who hope to enter the university will be disappointed because only one third ______ for admission will be accepted. A. apply B. to apply C. applied D. applying 30. I ______ Peter with his work, but I had a lot of things to do myself. A. must have helped B. should have helped C. needn’t have helped D. can’t have helped 第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

Someone else’s easiest ___34___ to criticism from others, is to become defensive and either reject others’ claim as over-reaction or ___35___ their message with ―You completely misunderstood me‖ or ―You’re completely ___36___‖. By deflecting(使转向)the blame back onto others, we deny their feelings and blame them for the way that they feel. This ___37___ defuses(平息)the situation and more commonly makes the ___38___ into a full argument and leaves both parties feeling ___39___ about the situation. We need to realize that what others are doing is not launching a personal ___40___ on us, but instead, they are expressing what they felt. First of all, we should find out whether we ___41___ have wronged them. If we have done, we should ___42___ to them. If not, we should explain to them gently and ___43___. We need to keep good mind and don’t mind what they said. Getting back to my situation from the other week, I ___44___ the second attitude. I sought to understand his opinion before ___45___ to get him to understand mine. After listening to his point of view, I ___46___ how my actions unintentionally wronged him. I took responsibility for my actions, apologized for the ___47___ I did to him, explained my reasoning, and apologized again. A few weeks later we ___48___ for coffee and not only developed a personal friendship, but also found ways to ___49___ each other and develop our company. Rather than gaining a(n) ___50___, I made a powerful new friend and business partner. 31. A. expect B. accept C. trust D. consider 32. A. notice B. action C. responsibility D. time 33. A. faced B. pleased C. satisfied D. excited 34. A. view B. attitude C. behavior D. reaction 35. A. return B. take C. avoid D. spread 36. A. cool B. curious C. kind D. wrong 37. A. usually B. finally C. rarely D. perfectly 38. A. matter B. task C. topic D. theory 39. A. freer B. worse C. funnier D. calmer 40. A. attack B. concept C. point D. result 41. A. mainly B. really C. deeply D. nearly 42. A. explain B. listen C. apologize D. reply 43. A. gratefully B. patiently C. bravely D. proudly 44. A. added B. found C. chose D. mentioned 45. A. moving B. trying C. wishing D. preferring 46. A. inferred B. thought C. asked D. understood 47. A. job B. justice C. harm D. good 48. A. spoke up B. stood up C. looked out D. went out 49. A. observe B. help C. watch D. feel

50. A. method

B. opportunity

C. enemy

D. duty

第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题:每小题 2.5 分,满分 50 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 A In 1978, Bill Clinton began serving his first of five years as Governor of Arkansas. In 1980, Hillary Clinton gave birth to their first daughter, Chelsea Clinton. As the First Lady of Arkansas, she pursued many causes working for children, education and families. She also wrote a weekly newspaper column where she discussed political and social issues. Bill Clinton ran for President in 1992. Hillary Clinton took an active part in her husband’s election with her sharp tongue. Her ―no nonsense‖ manner made Hillary Clinton an easy target for controversy. It became quickly evident that she was not going to stand in the shadow of anyone. Immediately, Hillary Clinton devoted herself to healthcare reform. Her work drew intense criticism, and her first efforts were eventually given up. Hillary did, however, create the Children’s Health Insurance Program in 1997. The program was considered to be her most successful achievement as First Lady. Regardless of whether people agreed with her, Hillary was doing the work that she felt needed to be done. She kept an office in the White House and attended meetings when her husband was addressing issues that she was working on. She stayed in the spotlight while her husband served as President. Not everyone appreciated Hillary’s involvement. In 1993, it was rumored that she had illegally profited from a development in the Ozarks called ―Whitewater‖, for which she was charged in the court. In 1998, Bill Clinton admitted having an affair with a White House intern (实习生) named Monica Lewinsky. Hillary stood behind her husband and supported him.

51. Before becoming American President, Bill Clinton __________. A. served as Governor of Arkansas B. wrote articles for a newspaper column C. made his wife the First Lady of the states D. devoted himself to working for healthcare reform 52. About Hillary Clinton, it can be inferred that __________. A. she was strongly against political reform in her country B. she had little interest in political activities throughout her life C. her ―no nonsense‖ manner aroused different views from people D. her being the First Lady of the states lasted for more than thirty years 53. Hillary Clinton made her most successful achievement as First Lady in __________. A. Bill Clinton’s presidential election B. the involvement in ―whitewater‖ C. the Monica Lewinsky incident D. the Children’s Health Insurance Program 54. From the passage, Hillary Clinton is a woman of __________. A. importance in politics B. profound knowledge C. great controversy D. attractive appearance 55. The best title of this passage should be __________. A. The First Lady B. Hillary Clinton

D. Secretary of State B Libraries are my world. I've been a patron (老主顾) all my life, and for the past nine years I've worked at multiple libraries and archives in and around Detroit. The library as an institution has many roles, but as our country struggles through an economic crisis, I have watched the library where I work evolve into a career and business center, a community gathering place and a bastion (堡垒) of hope. In the spring of 2007 I got a library internship at the Southfield Public Library (SPL), just north of Detroit. Summers at SPL were usually slow, but that year, we experienced a library that was as busy as science-fair project week, midterms or tax season. Yet patrons weren't looking for Mosby's Nursing Drug Reference or tax return forms. They were coming for information on growing their small business. I interpreted people's interest in our business collection as the first step to pursuing their dreams, but these patrons were not motivated by dreams. They were responding to reality, and they were looking for Plan B. Things worsened in 2008, and in 2009 the economic crisis continues to plague Michigan. Last year, we put up a display with a variety of job resources that we restocked every hour. Each night the library closed, the display was bare. While we normally keep displays up for a week, we kept the job resources display up for months. Then there's the tightening credit market. People see the writing on the wall and they want to get educated. They can't afford a financial adviser, but checking books out is free. Some of the most popular titles now are Rich Dad, Poor Dad. Think and Grow Rich, and Suze Orman's 2009 Action Plan. The economic downturn affects us all. I have had to work long hours and don't get to see much of my boyfriend or experience any kind of social life lately, but I am thankful to be in a position where I can help people overcome this struggle. In Michigan, we haven't lost hope. As long as there are libraries here, there will always be hope. 56. What changes has the current economic crisis brought to the library? A. It has opened its age-old archives to the general public. B. It has become a job and business information center. C. It has evolved into a place for business transactions. D. It has had to cut its budget to get through the crisis. 57. What does the author say about the Southfield Public Library in the summer of 2007? A. It was overflowing with visitors. B. It launched a science project series. C. It added many books on business to its collection. D. It was full of people seeking information on drugs. 58. What can be inferred from people's strong interest in the library's business collection? A. They think it is now time to realize their dreams. B. They find economics helpful in tiding over the crisis. C. They consider it a trend to start their own business. D. They are concerned about the worsening economy. 59. Why were there no more job resources on display by the end of the day? A) The library staff could not do the restocking quickly enough. B) People competed with each other for the jobs listed in the ads. C. People were much interested in the job resources on display. D. All the materials on display were free of charge to the jobless. 60. How did the author feel about working in the library? A. She felt contented to be in a position to provide help. B. She felt pleased to be able to give hope to the jobless. C. She felt rewarded to have gained a lot of experience.

C. Political Stars

D. She felt sorry to miss the social life. C With child behavior, there is almost much more than it meets the eye. Because it occurs at so many different levels, child behavior that seems simple at one level can often be much more complex and meaningful at another. For instance, a little child’s pattern of getting into cupboards, drawers and closed rooms, even after being told not to, is easily considered as bad behavior. When viewed at that level, the pattern is unacceptable and could lead to punishment. But it can be viewed at a more complex and meaningful level, namely child exploration. If a child regularly experiences an angry parent who seems determined to prevent any exploratory activities, the child will decide to continue to achieve future discoveries. When parents view this behavior as born out of natural curiosity rather than simple opposition, they are more likely to accept and appropriately monitor it. Although it may lead to warning responses to ensure the child’s safety, it is less likely to lead to punishment. There are countless other examples. Holding a goldfish outside its bowl is foolish at one level but also can be seen as a young child’s attempt to express physical affection for a pet. Spending time with friends rather than family is selfish at one level but also indicates a teen’s need for independence.

61. According to Paragraph 1, we can know that child behavior __________. A. is very changeable B. occurs at different levels C. is inacceptable D. is fully understood by adults 62. The example in the passage mainly shows that __________. A. parents should properly punish child behavior B. there are different attitudes to child behavior C. children’s behavior shows their interests D. parents should keep their children’s safety in mind 63. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 most probably mean? A. The child will have to make frequent decisions. B. The child will insist on doing things with determination. C. The child will make new discoveries in the future. D. The child will develop a strong sense of achievement. 64. It can be inferred from Paragraph 3 that __________. A. child behavior reflects a child’s need B. children spending time with friends show their selfishness C. children tend to do something to show their dependence to their parents D. what a child does can mean differently when seen from different aspects 65. What does the writer suggest parents should do with a child’s behavior? A. View it at the basic level. B. Ignore the improper behavior. C. Have a positive attitude towards it. D. Watch over it from head to foot. D When Italian designer Arturo Vittori and Swiss architect Andreas Vogler first visited Ethiopia in 2012, they were shocked to see women and children forced to walk miles to access what, for them, had always

been within easy reach, water. Only 34 percent of Ethiopians have access to a reliable water supply. The vast majority travel for up to six hours a day to fetch some or, even worse, has to use pond water polluted by human waste, subject to the spread of disease. Worldwide, about 768 million people—two and a half times the U.S. population—don’t have access to safe drinking water. So just imagine if we could just pull water out of thin air? That was what Vittori and Vogler asked once they saw the severe problem and promised to take action. Their firm, Architecture and Vision, has since come up with WarkaWater, a grand palm-like structure that may look like something you’d see in a modern art museum, but it’s been designed to harvest water from the air. WarkaWater, which is named after an Ethiopian fig tree, consists of a 30-foot bamboo frame containing a fog-harvesting nylon net that can catch water easily, can be easily lowered for repairs and allow communities to measure the water level. Collecting water through condensation (水珠) is hardly a new technique, but the creators of WarkaWater say their tree-inspired design is more effective, maximizing the surface and perfecting every angle to produce up to 26 gallons of drinkable water a day—enough for a family of seven. Western NGOs have been working to provide clean water access in Africa for decades, so WarkaWater joins a very long list of earlier attempts. So far, high-tech solutions, like the once promising Playpump, have failed, mostly due to high costs and maintenance issues. This is where WarkaWater stands apart—a low tech solution that is easy to repair and far more affordable than digging wells in the rocky Ethiopian plateau. 66. What is the purpose of the first paragraph? A. It draws a conclusion. B. It introduces the topic in a vivid way. C. It tells the readers the main idea. D. It lists a lot of facts. 67. What does the underlined phrase ―subject to‖ in the second paragraph most probably mean? A. Giving rise to. B. Owing to. C. Opposite to. D. Sensitive to. 68. WarkaWater is designed mainly to __________. A. simplify maintenance B. reduce water supply costs C. preserve water supplies D. gather clean water efficiently 69. WarkaWater works by __________. A. a nylon net to make a bamboo frame to pull water out of air B. a fig tree to make a bamboo frame to harvest water from air C. a nylon net on a bamboo frame to pull water out of air D. a nylon net on a palm-like fig tree to harvest water from air 70. According to Paragraph 6, what caused Playpump to fail? A. Lack of money and maintenance issues. B. Unsuccessful designs. C. Lack of advanced technology. D. Unreasonable structures.

参考答案

阅读答题 71. For personal rest, reflection, hanging out with friends, or just being off. 72. It sounds easy enough but life gets complicated. / It sounds easy enough but it is difficult to put it into effect. 73. Important. 74. To spend enough time away to let his shoulders drop. 75. Open. (One possible version: No. If we want to succeed, we need time to relax.) 作文 Dear Sir or Madam, I’m Li Hua from Class One, Senior Two. As far as I am concerned, I believe to teach English for pupils from Chen Xi Hope School will be good for both the primary-school students and high-school student tutor, which thus will result in substantial social benefits.


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