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名词性从句讲解及专项练习习题及其解答


名词性从句讲解
在复合句中起名词作用的从句叫做名词性从句。它包括主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句和同位语从句。名词性从 句是中学阶段的一个重要语法项目,在历年的高考中几乎都涉及到,并且每年的命题各有变化。分析历届高考试题名 词性从句考查的焦点主要有以下六个方面 1. 考查名词性从句的语序问题 2. 考查引导词 that 与 what 的区别 3. 考查 it 在名词性从句中作形式主语或形式宾语的用法 4. 考查 whether 与 if 的区别 5. 考查名词性从句中的疑问词+ever 引导的名词性从句与 no matter+疑问词引导的状语从句的区别 6. 考查名词 性从句的虚拟语气问题 语法要点剖析 一、名词性从句 主语从句、表语从句、宾语从句、同位语从句,在整个句子中所起的作用,相当于一个名词。因此,这四种从句 通称为名词性从句。 引导名词性从句的连接词可分为三类: 连接词:that, whether, if (不充当从句的任何成分) 连接代词:what, whatever, who, whoever, whom, whose, which. 连接副词:when, where, how, why 1. 主语从句 作句子主语的从句叫主语从句。 主语从句通常由从属连词 that, whether, if 和连接代词 what, who, which, whatever, whoever 以及连接副词 how,when,where,why 等词引导。that 在句中无词义,只起连接作用;连接代词和连接副词 在句中既保留自己的疑问含义、又起连接作用,在从句中充当从句的成分。例如: What he wants to tell us is not clear. 他要跟我们说什么,还不清楚。 It is known to us how he became a writer. 我们都知道他是如何成为一名作家的。 Where the English evening will be held has not yet been announced. 英语晚会将在哪里举行,还没有宣布。 有时为避免句子头重脚轻,常用形式主语 it 代替主语从句作形式主语放于句首,而把主语从句置于句末。主语从 句后的谓语动词一般用单数形式。常用句型如下: (1)It + be + 名词 + that 从句 (2)It + be + 形容词 + that 从句 (3)It + be + 动词的过去分词 + that 从句 (4)It + 不及物动词 + that 从句 另注意在主语从句中用来表示惊奇、不相信、惋惜、理应如此等语气时,谓语动词要用虚拟语气“(should) +do” , 常用的句型有: It is necessary (important, natural, strange, etc.) that ? It is a pity (a shame, no wonder, etc.) that? It is suggested (requested, proposed, desired, etc.) that? 2. 宾语从句 名词句用作宾语的从句叫宾语从句。引导宾语从句的关联词与引导主语从句表语从句的关联词大致一样,在句中 可以作谓语动词或介词及非谓语动词的宾语。 1. 由连接词 that 引导的宾语从句 由连接词 that 引导宾语从句时,that 在句中不担任任何成分,在口语或非正式的文体中常被省去,但如从句是并列 句时,第二个分句前的 that 不可省。例如: He has told me that he will go to Shanghai tomorrow. 他已经告诉我他明天要去上海。 We must never think (that) we are good in everything while others are good in nothing. 我们决不能认为自己什么都好,别人什么都不好。 注意:在 demand、order、suggest、decide、insist, desire, demand, request, command 等表示要求、命令、建议、决定等 意义的动词后,宾语从句常用“ (should)+ 动词原形” 。例如: I insist that she (should) do her work alone. 我坚持要她自己工作。 The commander ordered that troops (should) set off at once. 司令员命令部队马上出发。 2. 用 who, whom, which, whose, what, when, where, why, how, whoever, whatever, whichever 等关联词引导的宾语从句 相当于特殊疑问句,应注意句子语序要用陈述语序。 例如: I want to know what he has told you. 我想知道他告诉了你什么。 She always thinks of how she can work well. 她总是在想怎样能把工作做好。
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She will give whoever needs help a warm support. 凡需要帮助的人,她都会给予热情的支持。 3. 用 whether 或 if 引导的宾语从句,其主语和谓语的顺序也不能颠倒,仍保持陈述句语序。此外,whether 与 if 在作 “是否”的意思讲时在下列情况下一般只能用 whether,不用 if: a. 引导主语从句并在句首时;b. 引导表语从句时;c . 引导从句作介词宾语时;d. 从句后有“or not”时;e. 后接动 词不定式时。 例如: Whether there is life on the moon is an interesting question. 月球上有没有生命是个有趣的问题。 Everything depends on whether we have enough money. 一切要看我们是否有足够的钱。 4. 注意宾语从句中的时态呼应,当主句动词是现在时,从句根据自身的句子情况,而使用 不同时态。 例如: he studies English every day. (从句用一般现在时) he studied English last term. (从句用一般过去时) I know (that) he will study English next year. (从句用一般将来时) he has studied English since 1998. (从句用现在完成时) 当主句动词是过去时态(could, would 除外) ,从句则要用相应的过去时态,如一般过去时,过去进行时,过去将 来时等;当从句表示的是客观真理,科学原理,自然现象,则从句仍用现在时态。 例如:The teacher told us that Tom had left us for America. 5. think, believe, imagine, suppose 等等动词引起的否定性宾语从句中,要把上述主句中的动词变为否定式。即将从句 中的否定形式移到主句中。 例如: We don’t think you are here. 我们认为你不在这。 I don’t believe he will do so. 我相信他不会这样做。 3. 表语从句 在句中作表语的从句叫表语从句。引导表语从句的关联词与引导主语从句的关联词大致一样,表语从句位于连系 动词后,有时用 as if 引导。其基本结构为:主语 + 系动词 + that 从句。例如: The fact is that we have lost the game. 事实是我们已经输了这场比赛。 That is why he didn’t come to the meeting. 那就是他为什么不到会的原因。 It looks as if it is going to rain. 看上去天要下雨了。 需要注意的,当主语是 reason 时,表语从句要用 that 引导而不是 because。例如: The reason why he was late was that he missed the train by one minute this morning 4. 同位语从句 同位语从句说明其前面的名词的具体内容。同位语从句通常由 that 引导,可用于同位语从句的名词有 advice、 demand、doubt、fact、hope、idea、information、message、news、order、problem、promise、question、request、suggestion、 truth、wish、word 等。例如: The news that we won the game is exciting. 我们赢得这场比赛的消息令人激动。 I have no idea when he will come back home. 我不知道他什么时候回来。 The thought came to him that Mary had probably fallen ill. 他想到可能玛丽生病了。 同位语从句和定语从句的区别: that 作为关系代词,可以引导定语从句,充当句子成分,在从句中作宾语时可以省略; that 引导同位语从句时, 起连词的作用,没有实际意义,不充当句子成分,一般不能省略。 试比较下面两个例句: I had no idea that you were here. (that 引导同位语从句,不能省略) Have you got the idea(that)this book gives you of life in ancient Greece?(that 引导定语从句,作宾语,可以省略) (二)名词性从句的一般引导词 1. 连接词 that 引导名词性从句时,只起连接作用,没有任何意思,也不充当句子成分,在宾语从句中可省略,但 引导其他名词性从句时通常不省略。如: I hope (that) you enjoy your holiday. 希望你假期过得好。 That he likes you is very obvious. 很显然他喜欢你。
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2. 连接词 whether 引导名词性从句也不充当句子成分,但有自己的意思,表示“是否”;引导宾语从句时,可换 成 if,但引导其他名词性从句时不能换成 if。如: He asked whether [if] I would show him the way. 他问我是否可以给他带路。 Whether it will do us harm remains to be seen. 是否对我们有害还要看一看。(引导主语从句,不能用 if 代替 whether) 3. 连接代词 who(m), whose, which, what 等引导名词性从句时,均有各自的意义,在从句中作主语、宾语、定语等。 如: That’s why she wanted to leave. 这就是她想离开的原因。 When we arrive doesn't matter. 什么时候到没有关系。 Tell me which one you like best. 告诉我你最喜欢哪一个。 4. 连接副词 when, where, why, how 等引导名词性从句,也各自有自己的意义,在从句中作状语。如: The question is how we should carry out the plan. 问题是怎样执行这个计划。 When she’ll be back depends much on the weather. 她什么时候回来在很大程度上要看天气。 Why he did it will remain a puzzle forever. 他为什么这样做将永远是一个谜。 (三)名词性从句的重要引导词 1. what 用于引导名词性从句是一个十分重要的引导词,它可引导主语从句、宾语从句和表语从句,但不用于引导 同位语从句。它引导的名词性从句有两个意思是:一是表示“什么”,带有疑问意味;二是表示“?所?的”,相当 于一个先行词后接一个关系代词。如: I don’t know what you want. 我不知道你想要什么。 I don’t know what you want is this. 我不知道你所想要的是这个。 2. what 引导名词性从句时可用作限定词,其后修饰名词。如: I gave him what books I had. 我把我所有的书都给他了。 He gave me what money he had about him. 他把身边带有的钱全给了我。 注:what 后的名词可以是复数名词或不可数名词,但通常不能是单数可数名词,并且后接不可数名词时,有时可 有 little 修饰,两者的区别是:what+不可数名词=所有的都,what little+不可数名词=虽少但全部。如: What friends she has are out of the country. 她有的那些朋友全在国外。 We gave him what (little) help we could. 我们给了他我们力所能及的帮助。 3. whoever, whatever, whichever 等也可引导名词性从句,其意分别为“所?的一切事或东西”、“任何?的人”、 ““?的任可人或物”等。如: Whoever wants the book may have it. 任何人要这书都可拿去。 I’ll do whatever I can to help him. 我们将尽我们所能来挽救他。 Buy whichever is cheapest. 买最便宜的。 注意以下受汉语意思影响而弄错的句子: 任何人来都欢迎。 误:Who comes will be welcome. / Anyone comes will be welcome.
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正:Whoever comes will be welcome. / Anyone who comes will be welcome. 另外,它们也可引导让步状语从句,其意为“无论?”、“不管?”,其意相当于 no matter who [what, which]。 如: Whatever happens, you must be calm. 不管发生什么情况,你都必须镇静。(whatever = no matter what) He won't eat you, whoever he is. 不管他是谁,他也不能把你吃掉。(whoever = no matter who) 注:whoever 引导名词性从句时既用作主格也用作宾语;作宾语时不宜用 whomever,因为在现代英语 中 whomever 这个已几乎废弃不用。 4. why 与 because 的用法区别。两者均可引导表语从句,但前者强调结果,后者强调的原因。如: I had a cold. That’s why I didn't come. 我感冒了,因此我没来。 I didn’t come. That’s because I had a cold. 我没有来,那是因为我感冒了。

四)名词性从句的语序 名词性从句的词序与陈述句语序相同,尤其注意那些由连接代词 who(m), whose, which, what 和连接副词 when, where, why 等引导的名词性从句,不要受它们在特殊疑问句中用法的影响而误用疑问句词序。如: Why was he crying? 她为什么在哭? I don’t know why he was crying. 我不知道她为什么哭。 (五)名词性从句的时态问题 1. 当主句的谓语动词是过去式时,宾语从句若不是一个客观事实或真理,其谓语动词也必须用某种过去时态。如: She said that she didn't want to know. 她说她不想知道。 I asked her whether she would agree. 我问她是否会同意。 2. when, if 这两个词既可引导名词性从句,也可引导状语从句。当它们引导名词性从句且表示将来意义时,要直接 使用将来时态;但当它们引导状语从句且表示将来意义时,则必须用一般现在时表示将来意义。如: I don’t know when he will come, but when he comes, I’ll call you. 我不知道他什么时候,但当他来的时候,我会打电 话给你。 句中第一个 when 引导的是宾语从句,故用将来时态表示将来意义;第二个 when 引导的是时间状语从句,故用一 般现在时表示将来意义。 三.解题方法灵活用

从句的解题方法或步骤: 第一步:先分析出大的类别—— 定从?/名从?/状从? 即分析所缺部分在主句中的成分 从而确定从句大的类别 第二步:口诀逐一解决:
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(I)名词性从句。口诀——先成分后含义 (II)定语从句。口诀——先成分后先行词 (III)状语从句。口诀——翻译即可

在本专题中,名词性从句的口诀执行方法是: 分析引导词在从句中的成分 A 做名词性成分——what/which/who/as(+wh-ever 型) B 做非名词性成分 a 不做成分:that/if/whether(whether 霸王原则) b 做状语成分:when/where/why/how 一旦分出 AB 两类,剩余的靠含义直接翻译即可解决。 例如 A computer can only do _________ you have instructed it to do. (01 年 31 题) A. how B. after C. what D. when 解:第一步:先分析出大的类别 A computer can only do 中的 do 是及物动词,后面缺少 do 的对象,所以考察名词性从句问题 第二步:口诀——先成分后含义 从句 you have instructed it to do 中的 do 是及物动词,后面缺少 do 的对象,所以前面的空在后面的从句内充当 名词性成分,所以可以选择的引导词就可以排除 AD(因为这两个引导词在从句中是充当状语的),而选项 B 是名词性从 句中不存在的引导词,所以 B 也不对,最后就剩下一个正确选项 C 如此这样一步一步下来,逐一进行排除和选择,最终总是可以直接定位到正确的答案。而这个过程应该是完 全被熟化在脑中的一个过程,按部就班的操作直至正确答案自然而然的浮出水面。 其他类别的题目也应该仿照此类,依次完成。

名词性从句专项练习 100 题
1. His success was because of ________ he had been working hard. A. that B. the fact which C. the fact that D. the fact 2. “Is Mary from New York City” “I don't know _______.” A. from what city does she come from C. what city does she come from 3. ________ makes mistakes must correct them. A. What A. because I got A. while B. That B. because of getting B. that C. Whoever C. I got C. if D. Whatever D. that I got D. for 4. The reason why I didn't go to Shanghai was ________ a new job. 5. It worried her a bit ____ her hair was turning grey. 6. Henry killed the dog. I'll ask him why ________.
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B. from what city she come D. what city she comes from

A. did he do that

B. he did that

C. he did

D. he has done so

7. Have you seen Henry lately My boss wants to know ________. A. how he is getting along C. what he is getting along A. however B. whatever B. how is he getting along D. what is he getting along C. whichever B. what wrong was D. what trouble it is C. of that C. has not known B. did the watch cost D. the watch costs B. afraid about C. afraid that D. afraid for D. that what D. have not bee D. whenever

8. It is generally considered unwise to give a child ____ he or she wants. 9. He asked me ________ with me. A. what is the trouble C. what was the matter 10. I am sure ________ he said is true. A. that A. is not known B. about that B. are not known 11. When and why he came here ________ yet. 12. I wonder how much ________. A. does the watch cost C. the watch costed 13. Mary is ________ someone might recognize her. A. afraid of 14.________ is no reason for dismissing her. A. Because she was a few minutes late C. The fact that she was a few minutes late A. that not all things can be done C. being not all things can be done A. for A. that B. because B. if B. Owing to a few minutes late D. Being a few minutes late B. because of not all things be done D. because not all things can be done C. since C. what D. that D. whether

15. They came to the conclusion ________ by a computer.

16. Why the explosion occurred was ________ the laboratory attendant had been careless. 17. I don't doubt ________ he'll come. 18. —“Why did you go to the wrong class, Mr. Wang” —“Well, I forget _______ I was supposed to go to.” A. which the room A. that B. which room B. which C. what was the room C. what D. what room was it D. of which 19. Output is now six times ________ it was before liberation. 20. Mary: Helen is a mere washer woman, yet she's now buying a big house. Carol: Yes. Because she's always saved ________. A. what little she earns C. for little she earns A. That…what A. which A. that B. What…that B. what B. which B. how little she earns D. with little she earns C. That…which C. that C. all what D. What…which D. this D. all that
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21. ______ surprised me most was ______ such a little boy of seven could play the violin so well. 22. We gave him ________ help we could. 23. She is pleased with what you have given him and ________ you have told him. 24. Excuse me would you please tell me ________

A. when the sports meet is taken place C. when is the sports meet to begin 25. Do you happen to know ________ A. what size shoes he wears C. what is the size of his shoes A. how you have observed C. that you have observed 27. Where do you think ________ A. has he gone B. has he been

B. when is the sports meet going to be held D. when the sports meet is to take place B. how big shoes he wears D. what number shoes are his B. how what you have observed D. how that you have observed C. he's gone D. was he

26. This book will show you ________ can be used in other contexts.

28. Do you know ________ A. how many populations there are in the world B. how much population there is in the world C. how many the population of the world is D. what the population of the world is 29. Would you go and see ________ outside A. what to take place C. what is happening A. what B. interesting B. what Tom has happened D. what the matter had been C. What is interesting D. I

30. The subject of "What is interesting is that I do not even know him." is_______. 31. ________ I think he is Charles. A. Who do you think he is C. Whom do you think he is 32. He didn't know which room ________. A. they lived A. that A. what it is A. which A. If…do A. What…that A. That…what A. what that A. if B. they lived in B. which B. that it used to be B. that B. That…do B. That…what B. What…that B. that what B. that C. did they live C. whatever C. which it was C. what C. If…does C. How…why C. Where…which C. that which C. whether D. did they live in D. no matter what D. what it used to be D. all what D. That…does D. Why…how D. Which…where D. which that D. which 33. The little boy ate ________ his mother gave him. 34. The city is no longer ________. 35. My parents used ________ they had to get a new car for me. 36. ________ we go swimming every day ________ us a lot of good. 37. ________ was the idea _______ the wife thought of 38. _______ did he tell his wife ________ he wished to do 39. One of the men held the view ________ the book said was right. 40. I have no idea ________ or not he has finished the work. 41. —“Do you know ________” —“His father is a doctor.” A. what is his father B. who is his father
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B. Do you think who he is D. Do you think who he is

C. what his father is A. place A. thinks that A. where A. if B. place in which B. is thought what B. wherever B. that

D. who his father is C. where C. thought that C. that C. what D. place which D. is thought that D. that wherever D. whether

42. Is this ________ we met each other two years ago 43. It ________ Bob drives badly. 44. We all know the truth ________ there are air, water and sunlight there are living things. 45. They discussed ________ they could settle the problem without others' help. 46. She asked ________. A. what I was doing when she rang me up C. when she rang me up what I was doing 47. —May I borrow the ring —You can take _______ you like. A. no matter what B. which 48. He said that he was fond of ________. A. what beautiful is C. beautiful is what A. was, be sent A. who A. if A. except B. is, is sent B. whom B. that B. except for B. what is beautiful D. what it is beautiful C. be, was sent C. that C. whether C. except that D. be, send D. whose D. how D. but for C. whichever D. that B. what was I doing when she rang me up D. when did she ring me up what I was doing

49. He insisted that he ________ in good health and _______ to work there. 50. Do you know ________ he expects will give us a talk 51. It's uncertain ________ the experiment is worth doing. 52. They would have fixed the telephone yesterday _________ it was a holiday. 53. ________ is to do good all one's life and never do anything bad. A. Whichever is hard C. What is hard A. That A. we go A. What, what A. What B. What B. we will go B. What, that B. Who B. No matter what is hard D. All what is hard C. How C. should we go C. That, that C. That D. Which D. that we go D. That, what D. Whether

54. ________ the boy didn't take medicine made his mother angry. 55. As the day was fine, I made the suggestion ________ for a walk in the park. 56. ____ we can't get seems better than ____ we have. 57. ____ you don't like him is none of my business. 58. You can't imagine ____ when they received these nice Christmas presents. A. how they were excited C. how excited were they A. If A. What … that B. Whether B. That … what B. how excited they were D. they were how excited C. That C. Why … that D. Where D. If … what
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59. ____ we'll go camping tomorrow depends on the weather. 60. ________he really means is ________he disagrees with us.

61. _________is going to do the job will be decided by the Party committee. A. That A. When A. If A. How A. What A. Who A. Which A. which A. why A. even if A. that A. what A. that A. which A. is B. Why B. Why B. Where B. What B. If B. Anyone B. That B. when B. when B. as if B. what B. where B. it B. what B. are C. How C. What C. That C. Why C. Why C. Whoever C. If C. that C. what C. even though C. why C. that C. this C. that C. were B. that gentleman is who D. whom is that gentleman C. Whoever B. that D. how B. which B. that B. what C. what C. how C. which D. such D. why what D. X
9

D. Who D. That D. What D. This D. Whether D. Anybody D. How D. where D. who D. like D. how D. why D. what D. how D. was

62. _______ we'll finish translating the book depends on the time. 63. _______ the house will be built will be discussed at tomorrow's meeting. 64. _______ he won't go there is clear to all of us. 65. _______ you come or not is up to you. 66. _______ makes mistakes must correct them. 67. _______ team will win the match is a matter of public concern. 68.Three days later, word came ________our country had sent up another man-made satellite. 69.The problem is ________will go to the meeting. 70.It looks _______ it were going to rain. 71.That is _______ he likes the place so much. 72.That is ______ Lu Xun once lived. 73. We thought _______ strange that Tom did not come yesterday. 74.The fact _______ she had not said anything surprised all of us. 75.What I'm considering now _________ the money we need. 76.Can you tell me __________ A. who is that gentleman C. who that gentleman is A. Anyone B. The person

77. ________leaves the room last ought to turn off the lights. D. Who 78. It is well known _________ a person eats causes changes in the body. A. that what, when, and how C. what A. that A. why A. that

79. The energy is ________ makes the cells able to do their work. 80. Jack was soon told ________ he did was not necessary. 81. We should think carefully about ________ Mr. Needham said at the meeting.

82. Can you point out ________ two radios are the best A. which A. what those A. If A. who…that A. that A. for A. whether A. if B. what B. that of those B. Whether B. who…X B. whether B. that B. if B. how C. that C. that all of C. What C. what…X C. if C. when C. X C. which B. that he will come D. whether he would come C. that if D. whether D. whether D. which of those D. When D. how…that D. when D. how D. that D. that how 83. You will easily know ________ video recorders (录相机) are the same. 84. ________ you have seen things like these before doesn't matter. 85. I asked her in English ________ she was, and she told me ________ she was an actress. 86. She took it for granted ________ I'd be back home an hour ago. 87. We think it possible ________ the local government will be able to solve the housing problem. 88. Now there is a danger ________ the ground may fall in (沉下) under the heavy traffic. 89. At that time I had no idea ________ I could hand it to him without being seen. 90. Last Sunday he promised ________ today, but he hasn't appeared yet. A. that he would come C. he will come to see me A. if B. that

91. Last Sunday he made a promise ________ he was free he would take me to Qingdao. 92. Do you have any idea ________ A. when Miss Smith will arrive C. how will Miss Smith arrive 93. I have almost forgotten ________. A. how Mr. Taylor's like C. what Mr. Taylor's face is A. how you get …that you give C. what you get …what you give 95. Do you know ________ A. what is this used for C. which this is used 96. ________ surprised me most was ________. A. That…that she spoke Japanese so well C. What…that she spoke Japanese so well 97. ________ is to dance. A. That interests Mary really C. What really interests Mary 98. We were greatly amused by ________. A. what you have told us C. what you told us B. which you had told us D. that you told us B. Which really interests Mary. D. What really interest Mary B. What…how could she speak Japanese so well D. That…why she could speak Japanese so well B. what this is used for D. that this is used for B. what Mr. Taylor's face is like D. which Mr. Taylor's face is like B. which you got what you give D. what do you get…what do you give B. when will Miss Smith arrive D. why hasn't Miss Smith arrived

94. The true value of life is not in ________, but ________.

99. These computers are different from ________. A. that we expected B. what we expected C. which we have expected D. what we expect
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100. ________ Tom liked to eat was different from ________. A. That…that you had expected C. That…what you had expected B. What …that you had expected D. What…what you had expected

1.The notice came around two in the afternoon________the meeting would be postponed. (2012· 江苏,27) A.when C.whether A.that C.when A.When C.What B.that D.how B.how D.why B.How D.That (2013· 北京,31) A.That C.Who B.What D.Which (2013· 北京,33) A.why C.that A.That C.Whether B.where D.what B.Which D.What (2013· 湖南,28) A.how C.which A.which C.how field. A.how C.which B.that D.where B.where D.what (2013· 浙江,16) B.that D.whether (2013· 山东,30) A.what C.which A.That C.What B.whose D.that B.It D.Which
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2.It was never clear________the man hadn’t reported the accident sooner. (2011· 江苏,26)

3.________ you said at the meeting describes a bright future for the company. (2013· 四川,6)

4.________makes the book so extraordinary is the creative imagination of the writer.

5.Experts believe________people can waste less food by shopping only when it is necessary.

6.________I want to tell you is the deep love and respect I have for my parents.(2013· 天津,15)

7.Do not let any failures discourage you,for you can never tell________close you may be to victory.

8.Police have found________appears to be the lost ancient statue. (2013· 新课标全国Ⅰ,26)

9.The only way to succeed at the highest level is to have total belief ________ you are better than anyone else on the sports

10.It’s good to know________the dogs will be well cared for while we’re away.

11.________ struck me most in the movie was the father’s deep love for his son.(2013· 重庆,28)

12.It is by no means clear ________ the president can do to end the strike.(2012· 新课标全国,24) A.how C.that A.how C.what depend on his environment. A.where C.that B.which D.what B.whether D.why (2012· 安徽,27) B.whether D.why (2012· 浙江,4) A.whether C.that B.what D.how (2012· 天津,9) A.whether C.if B.how D.when (2012· 陕西,20) A.whatever C.whenever B.whichever D.wherever (2012· 北京,24) A.why C.that A.whether C.which A.when C.that 五.模拟试题来检测: 1.________ caused the accident is still a complete mystery. A.What A.why it does C.how it is B.That C.How B.what he does D.what it is D.Where 2.I just wonder ________ that makes him so excited. B.how D.whether (2012· 江西,25) B.where D.that (2012· 四川,17) B.how D.whether

13.It doesn’t matter ________ you pay by cash or credit card in this store. (2012· 山东,25)

14.The limits of a person’s intelligence,generally speaking,are fixed at birth,but________he reaches these limits will

15.I made a promise to myself________this year,my first year in high school,would be different.

16.It doesn’t matter________you turn right or left at the crossing—both roads lead to the park.

17.As many as five courses are provided,and you are free to choose ________ suits you best.

18.Jerry did not regret giving the comment but felt ________ he could have expressed it differently.

19.It suddenly occurred to him________he had left his keys in the office.

20.Scientists study ________ human brains work to make computers.

3.Water,which seems so simple and common,is ________ makes life possible.
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A.what C.which A.who C.whomever A.which C.what A.whether C.what birthday. A.if C.that A.that C.until A.what C.whom A.why;that C.why;because A.which C.what A.why C.where A.where C.what A.that B.where

B.that D.how B.whoever D.no matter who B.that D.when B.that D.if

4.I’d like to work with ________ is honest and easy to get on with.

5.When you are reading,make a note of ________ you think is of great importance.

6.Mr.Smith asked the boy a question________he could go to the concert with him.

7.A warm thought suddenly came to me ________ I might use the pocket money to buy some flowers for my mother’s B.when D.which B.which D.if B.why D.which B.that;why D.why;what B.that D.whether B.that D.because B.how D.which C.what D.which

8.There is much chance ________ Bill will recover from his injury in time for the race.

9.When asked ________ they needed most,the kids said they wanted to feel important and loved.

10.The reason ________ he didn’t come is ________ he was ill.

11.With his work completed,the businessman stepped back to his seat,feeling pleased ________ he was a man of action.

12.Nobody believed his reason for being absent from the class ________ he had to meet his uncle at the airport.

13.The shopkeeper did not want to sell for ________ he thought was not enough.

14.He noticed that the straight part of the dance was different in the afternoon from ________ it had been in the morning. 15.—Can we get everything ready by the weekend? —It all depends on ________ we can get Mr.Green’s cooperation. A.that A.Anyone C.Whoever B.what C.whether B.The one D.Who
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D.if

16.________ wants to stay in a hotel has to pay their own way.

17.The boss refused to sell the car for ________ he thought was not satisfactory. A.that A.whether B.which B.where C.how C.that D.what D.how 18.It makes little difference to me ________we go or stay. 19.—The two people speak different languages and can not communicate with each other well. —Oh,I see.That’s ________ misunderstanding occurs. A.when A.why B.what B.what C.that C.how D.why D.which 20.Before the sales start,I make a list of ________ my kids will need for the coming season. 21.—We were surprised to hear that the reason ________ she gave for her absence was ________ her mother was ill. —Yes.We saw her mother was at the supermarket that morning. A.why;that C.that;because A.If C.That 23.—How did you deal with the order? —I handed it to ________ I think is in charge of sales. A.who C.whoever A.As;whom C.It;whose A.where;that C.that;where B.when D.whomever B.What;whose D.What;whom B.which;that D.where;which B.which;that D.why;because B.Whether D.Where

22.________ the football match will be played depends on the weather.

24. ________ is known to us all is that the old worker, for ________ life was hard in the past, still works hard in his seventies.

25.Can you tell me________it was________your cellphone was lost?

1-5.CDCDB DABCD 76-80 CCCCD

6-10.BABCD 66-70 CACDB

11-15.ADCCA 71-75 CBBCA 86-90 ABDBA

16-20.DABCA

21-25.BBDDA

26-30.BCDCC 56-60.ACBBA 61-65

31-35.ABCDC

36-40.DABBC

41-45.CCDDD

46-50.ACBAA 51-55.CCCAD 96-100 CCCBD

81-85 BADBC

91-95 CABCB

真题答案

【答案及解析】 :

1B 句意为:会议将被延期的通知大约下午两点发布。空格后的句子解释说明名词 the notice,作同位语从句,连 接词在从句中不作任何成分,所以用 that。
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2 D 句意为:那个人为什么没尽快地报道那场事故还没弄清楚。由句意可知只有 D 项符合题意。 3C 本题考查名词性从句的用法。句意为:你在会上所说的话为公司勾画了一个光明的未来。选项中只有 what 既 可以引导主语从句,又可以在从句中作宾语,因此符合题意。 4B 考查名词性从句。句意为:这本书的非凡之处在于作者富有创造性的想像力。 ________ makes the book so extraordinary 为主语从句,从句缺少主语,要用 what 引导,故选 B 项。 5 C 考查名词性从句。 句意为: 专家们相信, 人们只有当有必要购物时去买东西, 这样才可以少浪费食物。 believe 后跟宾语从句,且宾语从句不缺任何成分。故选 C 项。 6 D 考查名词性从句。what 引导主语从句并在从句中作宾语。that 引导主语从句但不作任何成分;which 表示哪一 个;whether 表示是否。 7A 考查宾语从句引导词的辨析。句意为:不要让任何的失败阻碍你,因为你永远不知道成功离你有多近。分析句 子成分后可知,tell 后接的是宾语从句;根据语境可知此处用副词 how 修饰形容词 close。 8D 考查宾语从句引导词的辨析。句意为:警察发现了疑似曾失窃的古代雕像。分析句子结构可知 found 后为宾语 从句,从句中缺少主语,因此用 what 引导宾语从句,同时作从句的主语。 9B 考查同位语从句连接词。 空格后面的从句解释说明 belief 的具体内容, 是同位语从句, 且从句中不缺少任何成分, 所以用 that 引导。 10D 考查名词性从句——宾语从句。根据语境可知,know 后是宾语从句,从句完整,用 that 起连接作用。所以答 案选 D 项。 11C 考查名词性从句连接词辨析。句意为:电影中给我留下深刻印象的是父亲对儿子深深的爱。“________ struck me most in the movie”在句中作主语,且该主语从句中谓语动词 struck 缺少主语,故选择 what (=the thing that)。that 引导主语从句不担任成分;it 不是连词;which“(无论)哪一个”,表示在一个限定范围内进行选择,均不符合题意。 12Dit 是形式主语,空格后是一个主语从句,从句中的谓语动词 do 缺少宾语,此处所填单词既要引导主语从句, 又在从句中作宾语,四个选项中有此功能的只有 what。句意为:总统能采取什么措施来结束这场罢工根本不为人所知。 13B 句意为:在这家商店里,无论你用现金支付还是用信用卡支付都无关紧要。由 It doesn’t matter“没关系”可 知后面的意思应该是“无论(不管)??还是??”,又根据题干中的关键词 or 就很容易确定选 B 项,构成固定搭配 whether...or...。how 如何;what 什么;why 为什么,均不符合题意。 14B 句意为:一个人的智力极限,通常来说,出生时就已经定型了。但他是否能够达到这些极限则取决于他所处 的环境。根据 depend on 可知,主语从句含有不确定因素,可排除 C 项。where 表示地点;why 表示原因,用于此处不 合适;而使用 whether 表示“是否”,与题意吻合。 15C that 引导同位语从句,在从句中不作句子成分,补充说明 promise 的内容。 16A 句意为:在这个十字路口你向左或向右转弯都没有关系,因为两条路都通向公园。题干中 it 作形式主语,所 以所选的连词在句中引导主语从句。whether 引导名词性从句表示“是否”之意,而且题干中出现了关键信息词 or。 whether...or...表示“是??还是??”。if 引导名词性从句也表示“是否”,但引导主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句 等只能用 whether 而不能用 if。 17B 考查名词性从句。所填词引导的从句作动词 choose 的宾语,引导词在从句中作主语,意为“无论哪件”,故 选 B。其余选项与句意不符。 18C 句意为:杰里不后悔给出评论,但是他觉得他本来可以用另一种不同的方式来表达。felt 后面应该是一个宾语 从句,分析宾语从句可知,这是一个完整的句子,不缺句子成分,故用 that 引导。 19DIt occurs/occurred to sb. that...某人想到/想起。it 是形式主语,主语从句成分完整,不能用连接代 词 which 引导,whether 与 where 不符合句意。故选 D 项。 20B 考查名词性从句。句意为:科学家研究人类大脑是如何工作的以制造电脑。分析句子结构可知 study 后接宾语从句,从句中缺少方式状语,故选 B 项。
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模拟【答案及解析】 : 1 A 主语从句中缺少主语,而能在主语从句中既充当主语又起引导作用的只有 what。 2 D wonder 后面的宾语从句本是“what makes him so excited”,但 what 需要被强调,故用强调句型。 3A 考查名词性从句的连接词。句意为:看似简单平常的水是使生命出现成为可能的东西。what 引导表语从句并在 句中作主语。 4B 所填词在宾语从句中作主语。 who 表达的意思不对, 也不符合句子结构; whomever 不能在句中作主语; no matter who 不能引导名词性从句。 5C 宾语从句中 you think 是插入语,从句中缺少主语,which 意思不对,故选 what。 6A 考查同位语从句。if 不能引导同位语从句;句中缺少疑问词“是否”,故选 A 项。句意为:史密斯先生问了男 孩一个问题,问他是否能和他一起去音乐会。 7C 考查同位语从句。that 引导的从句是对 a warm thought 的解释说明。句意为:我突然产生了一个温情的想法,在 母亲生日那天我可以用零用钱给她买花。 8Ahat 引导同位语从句,具体说明 chance(可能性)的内容。 9A 本题考查宾语从句的连接词。该连接词既引导了宾语从句,又在句中作 needed 的宾语,故只有 what 符合题意。 10A 第一空是定从,修饰 the reason,故用 why;第二空是表从,从句中不缺少主要成分,故填 that。 11B pleased 后面缺少宾语从句,he was a man of action 句意完整,故用 that 引导。 12B 本题考查同位语从句。 reason 后面有 for 引导的短语, 接着后面是 that 引导的同位语从句来说明 reason 的内容。 13C 本题考查宾语从句。介词 for 后接宾语从句但宾语从句中缺少主语,he thought 是插入语,连词 what 引导宾语 从句且在从句中充当主语,which 的意思不符合。 14C 介词 from 后是宾语从句,但从句中 it had been 后面少表语,所以 what 符合语意。 15C 这取决于我们是否能得到 Green 先生的配合,on 后宾从句中含有不确定因素故用 whether 引导。if 不能引宾从 16C________ wants to stay in a hotel 为主语从句,从句中缺少主语,A、B 两项可作主语,但不是连词,故排除。 who 只有疑问的意思,意为“谁”;whoever 意为 anyone who “任何??的人”,符合题意。 17 D 可把此处的 he thought 作为插入语,what 作宾语从句的主语。句意为:那位老板拒绝以不满意的价钱卖车。 18Awhether...or...或者??或者??,whether 引导的从句为真正的主语,it 为形式主语。 19D 考查表语从句。结合语境“这就是误解产生的原因”可知,此处应用 why 引导表语从句。 20B 句意为:在大甩卖开始前,我把孩子们在下个季节里要用到的东西列了一个清单。分析句式结构可知,空格 处在句中引导宾语从句且在从句中充当 need 的宾语,which 引导名词性从句时多表示疑问且要有一个明确的范围。 21B 第一空可填 which 或 that 来引导定语从句,而第二空的表语从句必须用 that 引导。 22 B 根据句意及句子结构可知该句为主语从句, 故排除 D 项; 又因语境中含有“是否”之意, 故排除 C 项; whether 引导的主语从句可置于句首,但 if 引导的主语从句只能用 it 作形式主语,而把从句放在句末,故排除 A 项。 23C 句中有介词 to,可知空格处引导宾语从句。空格后的 I think 可看作插入语,句子缺少主语,用 whoever,表示 “任何??的人”。who 没有这种意思;whomever 在句中作宾语。 24 D 考查名词性从句和定语从句的引导词。第一个空中 what 引导一个主语从句,并作从句的主语。第二个空代替 先行词 the old worker,并作介词 for 的宾语,用 whom。 25Awhere 引导宾语从句,且从句中包含强调句型。

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定语从句专练 1. 2. 3. The place _______interested me most was the Children's Palace. A. Which A. whom I spoke A. which they stayed C. where they stayed at 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. A. which A. which A. where A. where B. that B. on which B. to which B. that B. where B. to who spoke C. what C. I spoke to D. in which D. that I spoke Do you know the man _______? This is the hotel _______last month. B. at that they stayed D. where they stayed C. when C. in which C. which C. which D. on which D. when D. in which D. there

Do you know the year ______the Chinese Communist Party was founded? That is the day ______I'll never forget. The factory ______we'll visit next week is not far from here. Great changes have taken place since then in the factory _______we are working. This is one of the best films _______. A. that have been shown this year C. that has been shown this year B. that have shown D. that you talked B. which you talked D. that you talked C. on which C. which D. by which D. that
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9.

Can you lend me the book ______the other day? A. about which you talked C. about that you talked

10. The pen ______he is writing is mine. A. with which A. whom B. in which B. who 11. They arrived at a farmhouse, in front of ______sat a small boy.

12. The engineer ______my father works is about 50 years old. A. to whom A. who A. all that A. which A. who A. that A. I went with C. with who I went 19. I don't like ______ as you read. A. the novels A. which A. which A. them A. who;/ A. whose title A. for which A. that A. when; which A. which A. in which B. the such novels B. that B. that B. which B./; whom B. its title B. for that B. which B. which; when B. whose B. with which C. such novels C. whom C. whom C. whom C. whom;/ D. same novels D. what D. who D. who D./; who 20. He talked a lot about things and persons ________they remembered in the school. 21. The letter is from my sister, ______is working in Beijing. 22. In our factory there are 2,000 workers, two thirds of ____are women. 23. You're the only person ______I've ever met ______could do it. 24. I lost a book, ______I can't remember now. C. the title of it D. the title of that C. in which C. as C. what; that C. what C. that D. what D. it D. on which; when D./ D. for which 25. Last summer we visited the West Lake, ______Hangzhou is famous in the world. 26. I have bought such a watch _______ was advertised on TV. 27. I can never forget the day _______ we worked together and the day ______ we spent together. 28. The way ______he looks at problems is wrong. 29. This is the reason ______he didn't come to the meeting. 30. This machine, ______for many years, is still working perfectly.
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B. on whom B. who's B. all what B. who B. whom B. as

C. with which C. which C. that C. what C. that C. whom

D. with whom D. whose D. which D. as D. as D. what

13. It there anyone in your class ______family is in the country? 14. I'm interested in ______you have said. 15. I want to use the same dictionary ______was used yesterday. 16. He isn't such a man ______he used to be. 17. He is good at English, ______we all know. 18. Li Ming, ______to the concert enjoyed it very much. B. with whom I went D.I went with him

A. after which I have looked C. that I have looked after A. why; that A.that A./ A. all of which A. as was A. who A. that A. that A. / A. that A. what; that B.that;why B.which B.which B. either of which B. which was B. which B. which B. which B. why B. which B. what; what

B. which I have looked after D. I have looked after C. for that;that C.for which C.for which C. both of that C. as were C. that C. from that C. who C. when C. it D.for which;what D.who D.with which D. both of which D. which D. it D. from which D. as D. whose D. though

31. The reason ______he didn't come was ______he was ill. 32. He is working hard, ______will make him pass the final exam. 33. That is not the way ______I do it. 34. I have two grammars, ______are of great use. 35. I want to use the same tools _______used in your factory a few days ago. 36. My neigh bours used to give me a hand in time of trouble, _______ was very kind of them. 37. This is the magazine _______ I copied the paragraph. 38. He is not such a man _______ would leave his work half done. 39. You can depend on whatever promise _______ he makes. 40. Smoking, _______ is a bad habit, is, however, popular. 41. --- Did you ask the guard _______ happened? Yes, he told me all _______ he knew. C. which; which D. that; that 42. I shall never forget those years _______ I lived on the farm with the farmers, _______ has a great effect on my life. A. when; who A. owns; are A. followed A. that A. which; what C. through that; what A. this school B. that; which B. owns; is B. following B. / C. which; that C. own; is C. to follow C. which D. when; which D. own; are D. that followed D. it 43. The number of the people who _______ cars _______ increasing. 44. During the days ________, he worked as a servant at the Browns. 45. Is oxygen the only gas _______ helps fire burn? 46. The clever boy made a hole in the wall, _______ he could see _____ was going on inside house. B. through which; what D. what; that B. this the school
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47. Is _______ some German friends visited last week?

C. this school one A. as A. none of them C. neither of which 50. All that can be eaten _______ eaten up. A. are being 参考答案及解析 B. has been B. that

D. this school where C. what D. who

48. John got beaten in the game, _______ had been expected. 49. I have bought two ballpens, _______ writes well. B. neither of them D. none of which C. had been D. have been

1. A. which 用作关系代词,在定语从句中作主语。 2.C. "和谁讲话”要说 speak to sb. 本题全句应为 Do you know the man whom I spoke to.。whom 是关系代 词,作介词 to 的宾语,可以省略。 3. D. where 是关系副词,表示地点,在定语从句中作地点状语。 4. C. when 是关系副词,表示时间,在定语从句中作时间状语。 5.A. which 是关系代词,在从句中作 forget 的宾语。其他几个答案都不能作宾语。 6.C. 解析同第 5 题。 7. A. 解析见第 3 题。 8. A. 本句话的先行词应该是 films,因此, 关系代词 that 是负数概念, 其谓语动词应用复述的被动语态 have been shown。如果句中的 one 前面使用了定冠词 the,则 the one 应该视为先行词。 9. A. “谈到某事物”应说 talk about sth.。about 是介词,其后要用 which 作宾语,不能用 that。 10. A. with which 是"介词+关系代词"结构,常用来引导定语从句.with 有"用"的意思,介词之后只能用 which, 不能用 that. with which 在定语从句中作状语,即 he is writing with a pen. 11. C. in front of which 即 in front of a farmhouse. In front of which 在从句中作状语. 12. D. with whom 引导定语从句.with whom 放在从句中即为:my father works with the engineer. 13. D. whose 引导定语从句,在从句中作主语 family 的定语. 14. A. that 引导定语从句,因为先行词是 all,所以只能选用 that 引导. 15. D. the same……..as 是固定用法, as 引导定语从句时,可以作主语,宾语或表语.在本句话中,as 作从句的 主语. 16. D. such……… as 是固定用法,as 引导定语从句时,可以作主语,宾语或表语.在本题中,as 作表语. 17. B. as 作关系代词可以单独用来引导非限制性定语从句。这时 as 所指代的不是主句中某个名词,而往 往指代整个主句的含义。as 在从句中可以作主语、宾语。从句可放在主句后,也可置于主句前。在本句 中,as 作宾语. 18. B. Li Ming enjoyed it very much 是主句,with whom I went to the concert 是定语从句.with whom 放在从 句中为:I went to the concert with Li Ming. 19. C. as 引导定语从句时通常构成 such…as 或 the same…as 固定搭配,其中 such 和 same 修饰其后的名 词,as 为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句。 as 在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语。Such 修饰 单数名词时,要用 such a……..,本题中 such books, such 直接修饰复数名词.
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20. B. things 和 persons 是先行词.当定语从句要修饰的先行词是既表示人,又表示物的名词时,其关系代词 要用 that. 21. D. who 引导非限制性定语从句,who 作从句的主语. 22. C. two thirds of whom 即:two thirds of the 2,000 workers. 23. D. 先行词 person 后有两个定语从句,第一个从句省略了关系代词 whom.因为, whom 作从句中 met 的 宾语,可以省略.第二个从句 who could do it.who 在从句中作主语,不可省略. 24. A. whose title 引导非限制性定语从句,whose title 也可以说成 the title of which 25. A. for which 引导定语从句,使用介词 for,是来自于从句中的固定短语 be famous for "以……..而闻名". 26. C. 当先行词被 such 修饰时,引导定语从句的关系代词要用 as. As 在本从句中作主语. 27. A. 两个先行词 the day 都是表示时间的名词,但第一个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作状语,因此要用 关系副词 when. 第二个空白处要填的关系词在从句中作动词 spent 的宾语,因此要用关系代词 which 或 that 来引导定语从句. 28. D. 在 way、 distance、 direction 等词后的定语从句中, 常用 that 来代替“in (或其他介词)+which”、 when 或 where,而 that 常可省略。 29. D. for which 在定语从句中作原因状语,可用 why 来替代. 30. B. which I have looked after 构成一个非限制性定语从句. 31. A. The reason why… was that….已成为一种固定句型,这一句中的 why 和 that 不能随意换位,也不能 将 that 改成 because,尽管 that 这个词在译文中可能有 “因为”的含义。 32. B. 非限制性定语从句常用 which 引导,which 表示前句话的整个含义. 33. A. 解释见 28 题. 34. D. 主句中的 two 表明不能选 A.从句中的 are 表明不能选 B. both of which 用来引导非限制性定语从句. 35. C. as 引导定语从句时通常构成 such…as 或 the same…as 固定搭配,其中 such 和 same 修饰其后的名 词,as 为关系代词,指代其前的名词引导定语从句。as 在从句中可以作主语、表语或宾语。本题中 as 作从句的主语. 36. B. 非限制性定语从句常用 which 引导,which 表示前句话的整个含义. 37. D. 38. D. 解析见 35 题. 39. A. he makes 是定语从句, 从句前省略了关系代词 that. 40. B. which is a bad habit 非限制性定语从句. 41. A. what happened 是宾语从句. all 之后 that he knew 是定语从句.先行词是 all,所以关系代词只能用 that. 42. D. years 是表示时间的名词,用 when 引导定语从句,是因为 when 在从句中作时间状语.第二个空选用 which,引导一个非限制性定语从句. 43. C. 本句话的定语从句是 who own cars. 其先行词是 people,因此,定语从句的谓语动词要用复数的 own。本句话主句的主语是 The number of 指“…..的数目”,是单数概念。因此,主句的谓语动词要用 is。 44. D. that followed 是定语从句,关系代词 that 在从句中作主语。 45. A. 先行词 gas 被 only 修饰,关系代词要用 that,而不用 which。 46. B. through which 引导定语从句,through which 即 through the hole,在定语从句中作状语。What 引导的 是 see 的宾语从句,并作从句的主语。
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47. B. 为便于理解,改写本句话:This is the school that some Germanfriends visited last week. 不难看出, 作表语的 the school 是先行词。that 引导了定语从句,因为 that 同时又作 visited 的宾语,所以被省略了。 其它选项结构不对。 48. A. 解释见 35 题。 49. C. 因为是 two ballpens, 并且定语从句的谓语 writes 是单数概念。因此,C 是正确选项。 50. B. 本句话中,主句的主语是 all,为抽象概念。因此,其谓语应用单数的 has been。关系代词 that 引导 定语从句,并在从句中作主语。

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