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高中英语语法大全:句子结构固定搭配用法总结【重点精华】-2014高考总复习精品资料


高中英语语法大全:固定搭配用法总结【重点精华】

1.It’s the first time that……….(从句中用现在完成时) It was for the first time that………(强调句,对状语 for the first time 进行强调) It’s (high) time that……..(从句中用过去时或 should do) 2

.It’sthe same with sb. / So it is with sb.表示某人也如此(用于 前句中既有肯定又有否定或两个不同类的谓语动词) 3. …be about to do / be doing……when…….正要做/正在做…… 就在那时……. 4.A is twice / three times as +原级+as B A 是 B 的两倍/三倍 A is twice / three times the n. of B. A 的…是 B 的两倍/三倍 A is twice / three times +比较级+than B A 比 B 多两倍/三倍 5.It’s a waste of time / money doing / to do…做……浪费时间/ 金钱 It’s no use / good doing……… 做……是没有用的 It’s possible / probable / (un) likely that………. 很可能…… It makes great / no sense to do……做某事很有/没意义 6. There’s no use / good doing……. 做……没有用 There’s no sense / point (in) doing…… 做……没有意义 There is no need for sth. / to do……. 没有过必要做…… There is (no) possibility that…………(同位语从句)很可能/没可

能…… 7.The+比较级……..,the+比较级………越…….., 越……. 注意:前半句为从句,用一般现在时代替将来时; 8.Itseems / appears ( to sb. ) that sb…….在某人看来某人……… = Sb.seems / appears to be / to do / to be doing / to have done…….. It seems / looks as if……….好象/似乎…….. 9.It (so)happened that sb. ……..某人碰巧…….. = Sb. happened to be / to do / to be doing /to have done….. 10.It issaid / thought / believed / hoped / supposed …….that sb……… =Sb. issaid to be / to do / to be doing / to have done……….(注 意: 这种句型里如带动词 hope 则不能变成简单句, 因为无 hopesb. to do 结构) 12.…….such…….that…….如此…….以致于(引导结果状语从句) …….such……..as……像……..的这种……(as 为关系代词,引导定 语从句,在从句里充当主、宾、表) 13. Doyou mind if I do sth.? / Would you mind if I did sth.? 你 介意我做……吗? 14. Thechance is that……../ (The )Chances are that……….很可 能……. 15.Check/ Make sure / See to it / See that……..(从句中常用一

般现在时) 确信/务必…….. 16.depend on it that……..取决于 see to it that…….负责/设法做到……. 注意:除了 except / but / in 等介词可以直接接 that 从句,其它 介词后必须用 it 做形式宾语; 17.It is/ was +介词短语/ 从句/ 名词/代词等+that……… How /When / Where / Why is / was it that………..? 注意:此句型为强调句,当被强调的为表示人的词时,还可用 who 连接;强调主语时,从句后的谓语动词应与前面的主语保持一致; 注意与定语从句的区别) 18.How is it that……..(这几个句型都表示“怎么会…….?” “怎么发 生的?”) How come+从句? How does / did sth. come about? ( How did it come about that…….?) 如:How come you are late again? 19. There seems / appears / happens to be / must be / can’t be / is (are, was, were) said to be / is (are, was, were) thought to be……. 表示 “.似乎有/碰巧有/一定有/不可能有/ 据说有/认为有……..” 介词(如 of )there being want /wish / expect there to be 要/希望/期待有……..

adj. /adv. enough for there to be…….足够…….会有……. 注意:there being / there to be 为 there be 的非谓语形式;It is said / thought that there is / are……=There is / was / are / were said (thought) to be……. 如: Eg: I have never dream of there being such a good chance for me. It won’t be cold enough for there to be a frost tonight. 20. 疑 问 词 + 插 入 语 + 陈 述 语 序 ? 腾 讯 认 证 蔡 章 兵 主 编 QQ757722345 空间每天有 5 篇左右资源免费更新,欢迎点击关注获得 最新信息。 Eg: Whodo you think he’ll have attend the meeting? 21. But for + n. / pron., sb. / sth. would (not) have done…..要 不 是 ……., 某 人 早 就 ……( 表 示 虚 拟 语 气 )=If it had not been for…..,……./If there had not been …….. 22. It won(’t) be long before +从句(从句中用一般现在时)不久/ 很久就要……. It was (not) long before+从句(从句中用一般过去时)不久/很久 才…….. 23. Those who………….(从句及主句中谓语动词用复数形式). Anyone who…………= Whoever………..( 从句及主句中谓语动词 用单数形式) 24……. 主句 ( 一 般 现 在 时或 过去 时 )…...when 从句 ….(might/

should do 或 might / should have done) 表示”对比”,意思为 “本 该……(可)而却”,主句中为陈述语气,从句里为虚拟语气 Eg: Why are you here when you should be in school?你本该上 学的怎么在这儿? He stopped trying when he might have succeeded .本该已成功 了他却停止努力了. 25. There is ./ Sb. have no doubt that………(同位语从句,that 不 可省略) 毫无疑问…… There is / Sb. have some doubt whether……..(同位语从句不可 用 if)不确定…是否… Sb. doubt if / whether……. 某人怀疑是否…… Sb. don’t doubt that……… 某人不怀疑…… 26.immediately / directly / instantly / the moment +从句 on / upon + n. / doing No sooner had sb. done than …….(过去时) Hardly had sb. done when……..(过去时) 注意:这几个结构都表示“一…….就”; 27. every time / each time / the last time / the first time / next time +从句(名词性短语引导一个时间状语句) anywhere / everywhere +从句(相当于 wherever 引导的地点状 语从句) Eg: You can go anywhere you like.

Next time you come, please bring your son along. 28.Ifonly / I wish + 从句( 用过去类时态 ) 表示虚拟语气 , “ 要 是…….就好了” “但愿……就好了!” 29.Considering+ n. 或 pron. 或 that 从句 / Seeing that………. 考虑到/鉴于……. Given + n. / pron 作状语,表示 “在有……的情况下” “如果有” “假 定”,有时也表示”考虑到” Eg:Seeing (that) he refused to help us, there is no reason why we should help him now. Given good health, I hope to finish the work this year. Given their inexperience / that they are inexperienced, they’ve done a good job. 30.Therewas a time when…….曾经有那么一度……….更多英语 资讯,欢迎关注微信奇速英语公众号“qisuen” 31.otherthan 与 no, not, none 等否定词连用,表示肯定意思,如: Eg: It was none other than Mr. Smith.这正是 Smith 先生. 32. Not until…….did / do/ does / will sb. do…… It was / is not until ……that sb……… 33.It’s(un) like sb. to do / to have done……做某事很像某人/ 做 某事可不像某人 34.Itremains to be seen Wh--words …….. 是否 ……. 还有待于 看.(不用 that, if 作连接词)

35.Itonly remains for sb. to do……剩下的只是要某人做某事. Eg: We’ve got everything ready. It only remains for you to come to dinner. 36.Onemoment……., and now………刚才一会儿还在做……而现 在却…….. 37.Notall / both / everyone………表示部分否定 38. Such is / are……..这(些)就是…….(谓语动词单复数由后面名 词决定) 39.I’drather (not) do / have done……我宁愿….. I’d rather +从句(从句中用过去时或过去完成时) 40. It’s important / necessary / strange /

surprising….+that……(用陈述语气或 shoulddo) 41. I like / hate / appreciate it that / when 等从句 (it 表示后面 从句的这种情况) Eg: I appreciate it if you will give me a hand. 42. By the time +从句(一般现在时/过去时),主句(将来完成时/ 过去完成时) 43……….,as is often the case with sb. / as is usual with sb.(as 引导非限制性定语从句) 44 in case / lest / for fear that…….(从句中用陈述语气或 should do) 45.While 置于句首可表示 As long as 或 Although

Eg: While there is life there is hope. While I admit his good points, I can see his bad ones. 46. cannot ( never) ……too +adj. (adv. ) / adj. (adv.) + enough “越……越好”“非常” too + adj. ( anxious / eager / willing / ready / glad 等)+todo…. 表示肯定意思 Eg: I can’t thank you enough.我非常感激你. He was too glad to see his father.=He was very glad to see his father. 47. not /neve 等表示否定的词与比较级连用表示最高级,如: Eg:-----Do you agree with his suggestion? agree more. 48. What if……..要是…….怎么办? Eg:Whatif he doesn’t come tomorrow? 49. more……..than 与其…….不如…….. Eg:He is more nervous than frightened. 50. It is/ has been +一段时间+since 从句(从句中如为延续性动 词,则实际表示的意思相反) Eg:It is two years since he drank.他不喝酒已两年了. -------I can’t


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