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2017--2018学年人教版必修一Unit 3 Travel Journal language points课时作业


Unit 3 Travel Journal language points 课时作业
Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.The most pleasant thing of the rainy season is that one can be entirely free from dust. 解析:考查表语从句。句意:雨季最愉快的事情莫过于不受灰尘的袭扰。分析句子结构可 知,此处是表语从句,且从句中不缺任何成分,故用 that 引导。 2.Grandpa pointed to the hospital and said,“That's where I was born.” 解析:考查表语从句。句意:爷爷指着医院说,“那就是我出生的地方。”根据题干中给出 的提示信息 pointed to the hospital 可知爷爷说的是出生的地点,故填 where。 3.He tells me that beauty comes from within. 解析:考查宾语从句。句意:他告诉我美来自内在。分析句子结构可知,空处引导宾语从 句,因从句是双宾语中的直接宾语,故填 that,且不可省略。 4.The doubt is who has got away with the document. 解析:考查表语从句。句意:疑点是谁偷走了文件。根据句意并分析句子结构可知,空处 引导表语从句且在从句中作主语,指人,故填 who。 5.You should know where you're going before you plan the best way of getting there. 解析:考查宾语从句。句意:在你计划到那里的最佳路线之前,你应该知道要去哪里。连 接词 where 引导宾语从句并在从句中作地点状语,表示“哪里”。 6.Mary shut the door heavily and burst into tears. No one in the office knew why she was so angry. 解析:考查宾语从句。句意:Mary 重重地关上门,哭了起来。办公室里没有人知道她为 什么那么生气。根据句意可知填 why,表示“……的原因”。 7.As a graduate,he doesn't know what it needs to start a business here. 解析:考查宾语从句。句意:作为一名毕业生,他不知道在这里创业需要什么。根据句意 并分析句子结构可知,空处作 needs 的宾语,所以用 what,表示“什么”。 8.The exhibition tells us why we should do something to stop air pollution. 解析:考查宾语从句。句意:这次展览告诉我们为什么我们该做些事情来阻止大气污染。 此处的从句用来作动词 tells 的宾语,因此该从句是宾语从句;这个展览告诉我们阻止大气污 染的原因,所以用 why。 9.Pointing to the building,my brother said,“This is where I worked two years ago.” 解析:考查表语从句。句意:指着那座大楼,我哥哥说,“那就是我两年前工作的地方。” 分析句子结构可知,从句中缺少地点状语,所以填 where。 10.Sarah hopes to become a friend of whoever shares common interests with her. 解析:考查宾语从句。句意:Sarah 希望成为任何一个和她兴趣相同的人的朋友。根据句 意可知,此处填 whoever,相当于 anyone who,表示“任何人”。

Ⅱ.单句改错 1.A computer can only do that you instruct it to do. what 解析: 考查宾语从句。 句意: 电脑只能做你指示它做的事情。 连接词作从句中 do 的宾语, 所以将 that 改为 what。 2.The teacher told us that the earth went around the sun. goes 解析:考查时态。句意:老师告诉我们地球围绕太阳转。宾语从句表示客观真理,所以用 一般现在时。 3.The reason for her preference for city life is why it's convenient for her to go shopping. that 解析:考查表语从句。句意:她喜欢城市生活的原因是购物很方便。连接词在表语从句中 不作句子成分,所以把 why 改为 that。“The reason…is that…”是固定句型。 4.He asked me how many English words I have had learned by the end of last month.

解析:考查时态。句意:他问我到上个月末为止我学了多少个英语单词。根据句意可知, learn 这一动作发生在 asked 之前,应用过去完成时,所以把 have 改成 had。 5.I make a list of that my kids will need for the coming season. what 解析:考查宾语从句。句意:我把孩子们在下个季节里需要的东西列了一个清单。分析句 子结构可知,make a list of 后跟宾语从句,且从句中缺少宾语,所以把 that 改为 what。 6.We haven't decided yet where we ∧ will place the new bookshelf tomorrow.

解析:考查时态。句意:我们还没有决定明天把新书架放在什么地方。根据从句的时间状 语 tomorrow 可知,从句要用一般将来时,故在 place 前加 will。 7.I want to be liked and loved for who I am inside. what 解析:考查宾语从句。句意:我想别人喜欢并且爱我是因为我内在的东西。who 指代人, what 指代事物。根据句意可知,此处指“什么”,故用 what。 8.Could I speak to who is in charge of international trade? whoever

解析:考查宾语从句。句意:我能同任何负责国际贸易的人讲话吗?根据句意可知,从句 表示任何负责国际贸易的人,故将 who 改为 whoever,并在从句中作主语。 9.The last time we had great fun was that we were visiting the Jinan Baihua Park. when 解析:考查表语从句。句意:我们最后一次玩得愉快的时候是参观济南百花公园的时候。 根据 The last time 可知,从句中缺少时间状语,所以用 when 引导表语从句。

10.Having checked the doors were closed,and ∧ that his bedroom.

all the lights were off,the boy went to

解析:考查宾语从句。checked 后面跟了两个宾语从句,第二个从句的引导词 that 不能省 略。 Ⅲ.阅读理解 Jane Austen, a famous English writer, was born at Steventon, Hampshire, on December 16,1775, and died on July 18,1817. She began writing early in life,although the prejudices(偏见)of her times forced her to have her books published anonymously(匿名). But Jane Austen is perhaps the best known and best loved of Bath's many famous local people and visitors.She paid two long visits here during the last five years of the eighteenth century and from 1801 to 1806,Bath was her home.Her deep knowledge of the city is fully seen in two of her novels,Northanger Abbey and Persuasion,which are largely set in Bath.The city is still very much as Jane Austen knew it,keeping in its streets and public buildings the wellordered world that she described so well in her novels.Now the pleasure of learning Jane Austen's Bath can be enhanced(增 强)by visiting the Jane Austen Centre in Gay Street. Here,in a Georgian town house in the heart of the city,you can find out more about Bath in Jane Austen's time and the importance of Bath in her life and work. The Center has been set up with the help and guidance of members of the Jane Austen Society.After your visit to the Center,you can look round the attractive shop,which offers a huge collection of Jane Austen related books, cards and many specially designed gifts.Jane Austen quizzes are offered to keep the children busy. You can also have walking tours of Jane Austen's Bath,which is a great way to find out more about Jane Austen and discover the wonderful Georgian city of Bath.The tour lasts about one and a half hours. The experienced guides will take you to the places where Jane lived,walked and shopped. 语篇导读 英国著名女作家简· 奥斯汀曾长期在古城巴斯逗留,并以其为背景写了两部小说。至今这 座古城仍保留着作家笔下当时的风貌。 1.Jane Austen paid two long visits to Bath ________. A.in her early twenties B.in her early teens C.in her late twenties D.in her late teens 解析: A 细节理解题。 从第一段可知, 她出生在 1775 年, 第二段说“She paid two long visits

here during the last five years of the eighteenth century”,据此推算,可知答案为 A 项。 2.What can we learn about Bath from the passage? A.Bath has greatly changed since Jane Austen's death. B.The city has changed as much as Jane Austen knew it. C.Bath remains almost the same as in Jane Austen's time. D.No changes have taken place in Bath since Jane Austen's time. 解析: C 推理判断题。 第二段有这样一句“The city is still very much as Jane Austen knew it, keeping in its streets and public buildings the wellordered world that she described so well in her novels”, 意思是“这个城市依然很像简· 奥斯汀所熟知的那样”, 言外之意没有发生很大的变化。 所以 C 项为正确答案。 3.The author writes this passage in order to ________. A.attract readers to visit the city of Bath B.ask readers to buy Austen's books C.tell readers about Jane Austen's experience D.give a brief introduction to the Jane Austen Society 解析:A 推理判断题。从整篇文章来看,作者是说简· 奥斯汀和古城巴斯的联系;文章

最后的很多字眼如“You can also have walking tours of Jane Austen's Bath” “The tour…” “The experienced guides will take you…”都暗示读者要去这个城市旅游观光。 4.It takes you about one and a half hours ________. A.to get to the Jane Austen Center in Gay Street B.to buy Jane Austen related books,cards and gifts C.to find a guide to take you to the Center D.to look around the city of Bath on foot 解析:D 细节理解题。从最后一段第一、二句可知步行参观巴斯大约需一个半小时,故 答案为 D 项。 Ⅳ.完形填空 You many know the difference between an American accent and a British accent. But do you know what a “posh(上流社会的)” British __1__ is?The difference between British accents may be __2__ important than you think. There are many different accents in the UK,some of which are very __3__ for foreigners to understand. In the south,many people speak with what is known as a “posh” accent,an accent that makes people __4__ the British royal family and the upperclass people in the UK. __5__ this accent, “grass” sounds more like “gr?ar?ss”. And __6__ “bath” sounds more like “barth”. Often,British people who take jobs on TV or elsewhere have to change their own accents and make them “posher” to be __7__.

So,do accents still __8__?Last year Alexander Baratta,PhD,from the UK's University of Manchester spoke about “accentism”—people being treated worse __9__ how they speak—and __10__ it to racism(种族歧视),according to The Guardian. In a study,he asked people why they changed their accents and how it made them __11__. It's not hard to see why they do it—everyone wants to do well in life,and the best way to do that is to fit in(适应).__12__,there is a price to pay. Facing the world with a(n) __13__ that is not your own can hurt your sense of __14__. This was shown when a third of those questioned said they were __15__ of changing their accents. Is it necessary to stop people changing how they __16__?Well,times may be changing,too. The Guardian's lead writer Hugh Muir has a __17__:“The listener must adapt when __18__. The speaker must make themselves __19__,whatever accent they choose.” So as you're learning English,don't worry too much about how your accent makes you sound—__20__ it's clear what you're saying! 语篇导读 本文是一篇说明文, 主要说明了口音在英国人生活中的影响以及人们是否应该改变自己的 口音。 1.A.language C.manner B.accent D.pronunciation

解析:B 结合全文内容可知,本文主要围绕口音问题展开,故选 B 项。 2.A.especially C.less B.more D.hardly

解析:C 根据最后两段内容可知,这种区别没有人们想的那么重要,故答案选 C 项。 3.A.difficult C.boring B.simple D.interesting

解析:A 英国的一些口音对外国人来说很难理解,故答案选 A 项。 4.A.think out C.think up B.think over D.think of

解析: D 这种口音使人们想起英国皇室以及上流社会的人。 think out 认真考虑; think over 仔细考虑;think up 想出;think of 想起,故答案选 D 项。 5.A.At C.In B.Within D.With

解析:C 表示用“某种语言”用 in,另外,in 还可以表示“在……中”,两种词义都符合语 境,故答案选 C 项。 6.A.similarly C.possibly B.really D.generally

解析:A 符合语境。

这里列举了这种口音中发音的变化,这两个例子是一样的。similarly 同样地,

7.A.received C.changed

B.accepted D.permitted

解析:B 在电视台或其他地方工作的人为了被认可,不得不改变口音而说更具有上流社 会腔调的口音。receive 收到,得到;accept 接受,认可;change 改变;permit 允许,故答案选 B 项。 8.A.mean C.mind B.matter D.care

解析: B 根据下文的研究可知, 此处是问“口音仍然重要吗?”mean 意味着; matter 重要, 有关系;mind 介意,反对;care 在乎,故答案选 B 项。 9.A.instead of C.thanks to B.because of D.according to

解析:B 因为说话的口音,人们受到更糟糕的对待。此处解释原因,故答案选 B 项。 10.A.compared C.preferred B.left D.referred

解析:A 根据 Alexander 的看法,口音歧视与种族歧视有相似之处,他觉得口音歧视也 是一种种族歧视。compare…to…表明……与……相比;prefer…to…相对于……更喜欢……; refer…to…把……交给……,故答案选 A 项。 11.A.know C.feel B.speak D.improve

解析:C 根据下一段可知,此处指他问人们在改变口音时会有什么样的感受,故答案选 C 项。 12.A.Therefore C.Otherwise B.Besides D.However

解析:D 根据语境可知,本句与上文为转折关系,故答案选 D 项。 13.A.view C.environment B.voice D.nation

解析:B 文章讲的是口音,与 voice 有关,故答案选 B 项。 14.A.pride C.being B.happiness D.worry

解析:C 用一种不是自己的声音去面对世界,会伤害你的存在感,故答案选 C 项。 15.A.ashamed C.curious B.cautious D.serious

解析:A 结合上文中的“hurt your sense of __14__”以及下一段的内容可知,他们会感到 屈辱,故答案选 A 项。 16.A.listen C.look 解析:B B.sound D.express 人们的口音是被听的时候体现出来的,下文中的“how your accent makes you

sound”是信息提示,故答案选 B 项。 17.A.doubt C.suggestion B.problem D.lesson

解析:C 下文是教人们怎么去做,故该句应该是一条建议,故答案选 C 项。 18.A.needed C.asked B.questioned D.told

解析:A 听者在必要的情况下必须要调整适应,说话者无论选择什么口音,都必须让自 己被理解,故答案选 A 项。 19.A.heard C.believed B.noticed D.understood

解析:D 参见上题解析。下文中的“it's clear what you're saying”是信息提示。 20.A.as soon as C.even though B.as long as D.in case

解析: B 说话者不必太担心口音问题, 只要意思表达清楚就行。 as soon as 一……就……; as long as 只要;even though 即使,尽管;in case 以防万一,故答案选 B 项。 Ⅴ.短文改错 Yesterday I stepped into a restaurant for lunch. As I was waiting my order to come, I noticed the old man in a wheelchair roll himself over to a table. No one and me seemed to notice him. I got up and go over to his table and asked if that I could get him something to drink. He smiled and said, “Thank you.You are generously. I'd like any orange juice,please.”When I was getting ready to leave, I walked by the old man's table to saying goodbye. He thanked me again and told me I had made his days,coming over and helping him out. I gave him a hug and told him he had made my day,either. 1.第二句:waiting 后加 for 考查动词短语。wait for 等待。 2.第二句:the→an 考查冠词。因为第一次提到故用 an。 3.第三句:and→but/except 考查介词。句意:除了我,好像没有人注意到他。 4.第四句:go→went 考查动词的时态。and 连接两个动词的时态保持一致,故用一般 过去时。 5.第四句:去掉 that 考查宾语从句。句意:我走到他的桌子前,问是否可以请他喝点 什么。

6.第六句:generously→generous 考查形容词。形容词做表语,句意:你真大方。 7.第七句:any→some 考查形容词。any 用于否定句,some 用于肯定句。

8.第八句:saying→say 考查非谓语动词,表示目的状语,故用 to do。 9.第九句:days→day 考查动词短语。make one's day 使某人充实。 10.第十句:either→too 考查副词。句意:我给了他一个拥抱,告诉他,他也让我的生 活变得充实。too 和 either 都有“也”的意思,too 用于肯定句,而 either 用于否定句。


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