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牛津英语第五模块第一单元导学案1


M5U1---Language Points(1) 1.★翻译下列谚语 Friends are thieves of time. The best mirror is an old friend . If you can buy a person’s friendship, it’s not worth having. True friends have hearts that beat as one. A friend in need is a friend indeed. A friend is not so soon gotten as lost. 2.★ make friends with (动作), be friends with 与、、友好(状态) 、 develop friendships with 与?建立友谊 e.g: The poor office clerk tries his best to approach his manager, hoping to ____ him. A make friends with C makes friend with B to show friendships to D be friend with

3. ★ What do you think are the most important characteristics in a friend? 该句中 do you think 为插入成分,类似的有 do you suppose, do you believe, do you expect, doyou suggest 等 该句结构为:特殊疑问词+do you think +陈述部分 e.g: How long do you think he will stay here ? What song do you think he should sing at the party? ◆Where do you think ___ go so late? A of him ◆ B he does C can he D he can be sent to work there? B. Who you suggest that should D. Do you suggest whom should

A. Who do you suggest C. Do you suggest who should 4. ★ beat; strike; hit,knock

beat: 有规律有节奏地拍打, knock 敲击,strike: (钟)敲;划(火柴)(灾害,疾病)袭击, hit: 打;击 hit sb on ; the (part of the body) e.g The waves were ________ on the shore. The clock has just ________ 3 o’clock. The area was _______ by bird flu. She _____ him on the head with a book. It is freezing cold here. ______ a match and make a fire. ◆----- He is. I can’t A. Is, knock offf A. struck 5.★ be worth either you or he going to visit the exhibition? working until six o’clock. B. Are, knock off C. beat C. Are, knock away D. hit D. Is, knock away by the little girl’s natural beauty.

◆ The younger of the two noblemen was B. knock

n. (表示金额,价值) worth “很值得” ,要用 well 修饰 doing(主动形式表示被动含义) of. +n 配得上,值得 to be done 值得做 of being done 值得做
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be worthy

It is/was worthwhile

to do sth. doing sth. 值得做

e.g: The lecture is worth listening to . I don’t think the film is worth seeing twice. The book is well worth reading. The dictionary is worth fifty yuan. ◆What he said at the meeting was very _____. A worthy of our attention C worth being noticed B worth noticing . D worthy of noticing B. worth being done D. worthy of being done all my life. B. to remembering D. being remembered second time. D. being seen the B. seeing a C. to see a

◆Try to spend your time just on the things you find A. worth doing them C. worthy of doing them ◆What a lovely party! It’s worth A. remembering C. to be remembered A. seeing the

◆They all say Titanic is a good movie which is worth ◆ ---Have you read thisbook? --- Yes. But the one is A. best B. well C. better

worth reading. I suggest you read it if you have time. D. more

◆I bought some new shoes which are very ___ I bought before. A different from ones C different with the ones A character B B different from a pair D different from the pair C sign D symbol

◆A useful ___ of the cat is its ability to catch and kill mice. characteristic 6.★ betray Vt. 出卖,背叛, 泄露/显示某事 betray one’s country 卖国 betrayal n. 背叛,出卖;泄露,暴露, 背叛者,卖国贼 e.g: He said he was sorry, but his eyes betrayed his secret delight. For years they had been betraying state secrets to Russia. ◆ He has been accused of A. betraying his former socialist ideals.

B. contributing to C. devoting himself to D. betraying to

7. ★ We have been best friends since primary school and spend almost every day with each other. Since 常用句型:It is+段时间+since+一般过去时的从句 现在完成时的主句+since+一般过去时的从句 现在完成时的句子+since+ 点时间短语 易混淆句型: It will be +段时间+before+一般现在时的从句。 It was +段时间+ before+一般过去时时的从句。 It was + at 点钟+that+一般过去时的句子。 (强调句) It was + 点钟+when +一般过去时的从句。

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◆--A. Since ◆ A. after

when has the country been open to international trade?--- 1978, I suppose. B. In C. From D. After B. Since C. For D. Because of we meet them again. everybody is here, let’s begin our meeting. A. Because B. before C. since D. when

◆The field research will take Joan and Paul about five months; it will be a long time

8. ★ Sometimes, other children say we are no fun because…fun: [u.n.] means ‘enjoyment or pleasure’ eg. The journey home was great fun. It is no fun _______ (work) inside when the weather is so nice. Why don’t you come with us? It’ll be good fun. have fun; just for fun; make fun of The children are _____ so much ____. I don’t want to call them inside. We drove all the way to the beach, _______________. People ____________her because she wears such strange clothes. 9. ★ academic adj, academy n. 学会;研究院;专科学校 academically adv. 10. ★ I must have sounded very proud of myself after the test, saying loudly how easy it was and how I was sure to get a good mark. must have done 肯定做了??(没有否定) ,情态动词后接完成式,表示对过去的推测 类似的结构有:could have done 可能做了??;couldn’t have done 不可能做了??;may have done 也许做了??; may not have done 也许没做??;should/ ought to have done 本应该做?? shouldn’t / oughtn’t to have done 本不应该做?? needn’t have done 本来没有必要做某事(但已经做了) e.g: The line was busy; someone must have been using the telephone. I should have stayed with my daughter yesterday evening. But I was busy with my work. She said that someone must have heard us in the toilets, but I don’t believe her. 若指现在,则在情态动词后直接加动词原形 They should be back by now. He may be on the way here. ◆ What a pity! Considering his ability and experience, he A. need have done A. can manage ◆You A. wouldn’t B. must have done C. can have done ◆ Thank you for all your hard work last week. I don’t think we better. D. might have done it without you.

B. could have managed C. could manage D. can have managed be hungry already--- you had lunch only two hours ago. B. can’t C. mustn’t D. needn’t

11. ★… saying loudly how easy it was and how I was sure to get a good mark. Saying 现在分词做状语(结果,原因,伴 随,时间,条件) e.g: He opened the door, _______ (greet) his guests. She sat down, ________ (listen) carefully to what he had to say. Thousands of people were at the airport, _______ (cheer) for the visiting president. ◆ The students entered the classroom, smiling and A. talked; sat alone. A. forcing B. to force C.forced D. has forced 12. ★ I didn’t feel like I was overlooking my studies, but maybe I could work harder in Maths.
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, and

down to have their lessons.

B. talking; sitting C. talking; sat

D.talked; sitting

◆A lot of coal miners died on the job last year,

the local government to shut nearly 500 small mines in Shanxi Province

feel like sth/doing sth “想要”一般用于疑问句或否定句,常常用于一次性 e.g: I don’t feel like beer tonight. I was so upset that I felt like crying. I felt like I needed a walk. 13. ★Afterwards, I went out to the playground. I was determined to be cheerful, but Hannah sensed something was wrong. be determined to do something 意为“下决心做某事”或“决定做某事” e.g: He was determined to find a job in a computer company. She is determined to become a doctor. determined 意为“坚定的, 有决心的, 毅然的” e.g: He looked determined. ◆I 。 Mr Robert is a determined campaigner for animal rights. to repair my house in the rural for a long time. B. have been determined C. decided D. made up my mind A. have decided

14. ★We went to wash our hands in the girls’ toilet before lunch and I admitted how badly I had done. admit (doing) sth. 承认(做了)某事 e.g:He admitted his guilt. Will you admit having broken the window? admit sb to be+n./adj.承认某人是? We all admit him to be foolish. admit + that 引导的从句 You may not like her, but you have to admit that she is good at her job. be admitted to/into?被?录取 e.g: He was admitted into Peking University last year. ◆Children under six are not A. permitted B. admitted ◆Sandy could do nothing but A. admitting B. admits C.admit to school except those of extraordinary intelligence. C. accepted D. received to his mother that he was wrong. D.to admit

15. ★I made her promise not to tell anyone, and she said she would keep my secret. promise v./n. 允诺,答应,承诺,有可能 promise sb. Sth.答应某人某事 promise sb.(not) to do sth.答应某人(不)要做某事 promise (to do sth) 有…希望,可能会 e.g: She promised her early return. Promise (me) never to trouble me again. It promises to be cool in the evening. make a promise 许诺 break one’s promise/ word 违背诺言 keep/ carry out/ / perform / fulfill a promise 履行诺言 promising adj. 有希望的,有前途的 e.g: He is a promising painter. The weather looks promising. ◆The young man made a A. prediction B. promise to his parents that he would try to earn his own living after graduation. C. plan D. contribution promise that…答应(某人)….

◆---How is Tom getting along with his new job? --- Perhaps he is very busy. A.A word B. No a word has come from him till now. C. No word D. No words
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16. ★I was so upset that I felt like crying. so…that… 如此?以至于? (引导结果状语从句) /so+ much/little+不可数名词+that so+ adj./adv. +that / so+ adj.+ a (n)+单数可数名词+that so+ many/ few+复数可数名词+that e.g: 他跑得这么快以至我追不上他。 Jack 很聪明能很快解决数学难题。 (倒装的同义句) So that?引导目的状语从句或结果状语从句,意为“为了”“以便于”/ “结果”(与主句用逗号隔开) , e.g: They set out early so that they may arrive on time. Our car has broken, so that we have to walk there. Such?that?如此?以至于? Such+ a/an (adj.)+可数名词单数+that? Such(+adj.)+不可数名词+that? ◆ It was ◆ So sudden A. did the attack A. I was neither ◆ cold that I didn’t like to leave my room.A. really B. such that the enemy had no time to escape. B. the attack did C. was the attack D. the attack was . D. either was I C. too D. so /Such (+adj.)+可数名词复数+that? 常考的难点:so+adj/ adv+部分倒装的主句+that 引导的从句

◆Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and B. neither was I C. I was either that Maric was able to set up new branches elsewhere. B. So successsful was her business D. So was he rsuccessful business C. So her business was successsful ◆It was A such fine weather

A. So successful he business was

that we wanted to stay here for another two days. B. so fine weather C such a fine weather D so fine a weather

17. ★I thought that Hannah must have deliberately told everyone about my mark after promising not to. 当下文不定式的内容可承上文时,不定式的内容常常省略, 但 to 不可省。 e.g: The boy wanted to ride his bicycle in the street, but his mother told him not to. 省略的是: I wonder why you didn’t do as told to. ---Would you mind looking after my cat? ---Not at all. I’d be happy to. ---Is your brother a professional photographer? ---No, but he hopes to be. e.g: --- Has Tom finished his homework? --- He ought to have, because I saw him watching TV the whole morning. 省略的是: 18.★How they must have laughed behind my back! 这是一个感叹句型,感叹句可直接用“How+陈述句” 来表达。 e.g: How I regret wasting the weekend watching TV! 其他感叹句的常用句型:What+(a/ an) + adj + N + (主+ 谓) How+ adj/ adv+ (主+谓) ◆ The little boy came riding full speed down the motorway on his bicycle.
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省略的是:

当下文不定式的内容表达的是状态,不定式 to 后需加 be 动词。 省略的是:

当下文不定式的内容表达的是 to have done ,不定式 to 后需加 have。

it was.

A. What a dangerous scene scene. ◆How much

B. What dangerous a scene

C. How a dangerous scene B. good C. best

D. How dangerous the D. better

she looked without her glasses. A. well

19. ★I don’t think I can ever forgive her. forgive v.原谅,宽恕(forgave, forgiven) ,forgiveness n.原谅,宽恕 forgiving adj.宽容的 forgivable adj. 可原谅的,可宽恕的 forgive sb./oneself for (doing) sth. 原谅某人(做了)某事 e.g: I’ll never forgive her for what she did. Forgive me for interrupting, but I really don’t agree with that. 20. ★be in a dilemma/ have a dilemma 进退两难的境地 e.g: I am in a dilemma about this job offer. 21.★ as a result of “由于”, “因为” ;类似的有:as a consequence of…; due to…; thanks to…; owing to….; because of…; as a result “结果”, “因此”; 类似的有:with the result that…. e.g: Tom was very busy. As a result, he failed in the exam. As a result of the big fire, thousands of people lost their homes. ◆ Jenny nearly missed the flight A. as a result of ◆ Our delay was A. due to A. in case of A. was B. owe to B. in spite of B. is C. were B. on top of heavy traffic. C. owing to C. instead of D. being D. according to the bad weather. D. because of doing too much shopping. C. in front of D. in need of

◆The open-air celebration has been put off ◆ Because of there

so good a chance he got excited.

22. ★turn into 变成,把…变成, (季节)变为、转换为 e.g: In a flash of light, the prince turned into a frog. 在一阵闪光之后, The fairy godmother turned the pumpkin into a coach. 仙女把 变成了 。 去 来。 The snow melted, and winter turned into spring. 积雪融化,

其他有关 turn 的短语:turn away 走开,转过脸去,不让…进入、turn back 折回;翻回到、turn up 向上;出现;扭 大(灯、火)等、turn down 扭小(灯、火等);拒绝 、turn in 交回,交还、in turn 依次,轮流,因此、take turns doing/ to do sth 轮流做某事、it’s one’s turn to do sth 轮到某人做某事、turn out 最终结果是,最终成为 e.g: It turned out that she didn’t get the job in the end. 结果是, That guy we met turned out to be Maris’s cousin. 我们遇到的那个家伙 You’ll have to take turns being captain of the team. 。 23. ★be guilty about … 对…内疚,对…自责、be guilty of 有…罪 e.g: I feel guilty about forgetting her birthday again. ◆The police said he was guilty A. with B. for C. of murder. D. to 。 。

24. ★can’t stand (sb) doing sth 不能容忍/ 忍受…做某事,( bear, put up with)
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e.g: I can’t stand people dropping litter. Lily can’t stand working in an office. I can’t stand being treated like that. ◆ Modern plastics can A. stand B. hold C. carry ◆ I can’t stand A. working, stopping A. suffer B. suffered very high and very low temperature. D. support talking while she works. D. to work, to stop so much now. C. working, to stop D. had suffered with Jane in the same office. She just refuses B. to work, stopping C. have suffered

◆ If only he had lain quietly as the doctor instucted, he would not 25.★Football is very important to me, but so is our friendship. A 的情况适合 B,常用下列表达: ① 肯定的情况:so + 助动词/ 情态动词/ be + 主语。 ② 否定的情况:Neither/ Nor + 助动词/ 情态动词/ be + 主语 ③ 两种以上的情况:So it’s with + sb. / It’s the same with+ sb. e.g: Helen has been to Beijing twice, I can’t swim, Tom is a clever boy, but he doesn’t work hard. 常考的难点:If my brother doesn’t go home next month, 其他情况:so + 主语+ 助动词/ 情态动词/ be“主语确实如此” ; 主语+ 助动词/ 情态动词/ be +so。 “主语照办了” e.g: ----It will be sunny tomorrow.--The teacher asked us to read the whole text. 常考的难点:It was a rainy day yesterday, ◆ Tom never does any reading in the evening, and A. so does John A. So is mine A. So she had A. So you did ◆---My room gets very cold at night. --B. So mine is B. So had she B. So I do not C. So does mine C. So she did ◆--- Mary had a wonderful time at the party. --D. So did she . ◆----I reminded you not to forget the appointment.--C. So did you D. So do I apologize to sb.向某人道歉 . . (确实如此)

(我们也是)。 (我弟弟也是) (你也是) (我也不回家)

(我们就读了.) (今天也是)

B.John does too C. John doesn’t tooo D. nor does John D. So mine does , and so did I.

26. ★awkward adj.难使用的, 笨拙的,尴尬的 in an awkward situation 处境困难 27. ★apologize vi ; apology n. apologize to sb. for sth.向某人为某事(为做了某事)道歉 make/ offer an apology to sb for sth 向某人为某事(为做了某事)道歉 e.g: I apologized to her for stepping on her foot. I’ll never forgive her unless she apologizes to me. ◆ I must apologize for A. letting you not know ◆I must A. make B. offer C. do ahead of time. B. not letting you know D. accept C. letting you know not D. letting not you know her an apology for not going to her party.

28. ★cannot help doing something 意思是“忍不住, 情不自禁” 。 e.g: I could not help laughing when I saw his haircut. He just can’t help it. He has to obey orders.
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其他用法:can’t help (to) do sth 不能帮助做….; can’t help but do 只好做…. ◆I can’t help A. think he knows more than he has told us. B. to think C. thinking D.and thinking

29. ★I told my brother about the fight, but he said Mathew is just angry and perhaps a little bitter because I am really athletic and good at football and that I had better find another friend. he said 后接两个宾语从句,即 Mathew is just angry and perhaps a little bitter because I am really athletic and good at football 和 that I had better find another friend。 注意, 第二个宾语从句的引导词 that 不能省略。 e.g: My father warned me that I had to go back before 10 o’clock and that he would punish me if I was late. ◆I believe A. that, / you’ve done your best and B. / , / C. /, that things will improve. D. which, which

形容词 bitter 的意思是“怀恨的” ,此外,还有“痛苦的;苦的”的意思。 e.g: You should not be bitter about not getting that job. I am sure you will find a better one soon. If he failed, it would be a bitter disappointment for his parents. ◆In spite of difficulties, they decided to fight to the A. bitter did.(P5) have every right to do sth. “完全有理由做某事” It is/seems unlikely that ? e.g:她不可能在七点前到达。 = ◆---Have you ever heard of an American president called Chester A. Arther? ---No, and he’s not mentioned in my history book at all. He seems A. to have been completely forgotten forgetting 31. ★If she is a good friend, you should apologize for blaming her.(P5) blame v. 责备,谴责 blame sb. for sth. 因某事责备某人 e.g:他们因这次事故而责备他._____________________________________________ blame sth. on sb. 把某事归咎于某人 e.g: 他们把事故归咎于他。_________________________________________________ be to blame 意为“该受谴责,该受责备” 用动词不定式的主动形式表示被动意义。 , take the blame for 对。。负有责任 。 e.g: If someone is to blame, it’s me. ◆The teacher took the A. obligation B.blame for the accident, although it was not really his fault. C. charge D. help B. having completely forgotten . C. to have completely forgotten D. completely / Sb(sth,) is/seems unlikely to do sth. B. bitterly C. bitters D. bitterer end.

30. ★You have every right to feel betrayed by your friend if she did tell your secret to others, but it seems unlikely that she

32. ★If you still have doubts, you should ?(P5) I don’t doubt that ? 我确信? without/beyond doubt 无疑地;确定地 There is no doubt that 从句/ about? A. which B. that C. what I doubt whether/ if ? 我怀疑? in doubt 怀疑,犹豫,不肯定 There is a doubt whether/if … a cure for AIDS will be found. I have much doubt.

◆Some researchers believe that there is no doubt D. whether ◆He told us all that he said was true, A. for what B. for which ◆We don’t doubt

C. about that D.about which he can do a good job of it.
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A. what

B. why

C. whether

D. that

33. ★be/feel ashamed of ?(P5) e.g:他为他所做的感到羞愧。___________________________________________ 34. ★If so, the problem lies with you, not her. lie with sb. 意为“是某人的责任” e.g: It lies with you to accept or reject the proposals. ◆The manager had fallen asleep where he A. was lying B. was lying C. had laid 35. ★ ?likes to embarrass you in public, you ?(P5) embarrass v. 使尴尬,使不好意思 embarrassed adj. 困窘的,难为情的 embarrassing adj. 令人困窘的, 令人为难的 thing made her very B. embarrassing; embarrassed D. embarrassing; embarrassing in public 当众 . embarrass sb.( with sth.)/ embarrass sb. by doing sth. ◆ That they referred to that A. embarrassed; embarrassed C. embarrassed; embarrassing ,without undressing. D. had lied

36. ★avoid doing sth.避免做某事(P5),类似的有:excuse 原谅,mind 介意, consider 考虑, finish 完成, suggest 建议,practise 练习, imagine 想象, enjoy 喜欢, delay 延迟, admit 承认等 e.g: He delayed telling her the news, waiting for the right moment. My train was delayed for an hour. ◆ ---What do you enjoy most ---Playing table tennis. A. killing time ◆ I don’t mind B. to kill time C.spending the time D.to spend the time the decision as long as it is not too late. B.your delaying making D. you delay to make in the summer holidays?

A. you to delay making C. your delaying to make

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