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IELTS-大作文精解3-2012


第九讲

Tasks for today
1.
? ?

解释类:
Juvenile crimes 优秀习作 相关题目考官范文(背诵)

2.
1.

理顺辩论类题目的四种类型的思路
2. 3. 4.

Discuss both

these views and give your own opinion. To what extent do you agree or disagree?(两种情况) Is it a positive or negative development? Do you think the advantages outweigh the disadvantages?

3.

详细讲解辩论类第一种题型:
? Discuss both views and give your own opinion.

Juvenile crimes 优秀习作
In the present age, the issue of crimes committed by young people is getting increasingly severe. People are concerned about what its causes are and how to solve the problem. In my opinion, it is caused by several factors. First and foremost, juvenile crimes, psychologists, are more or less related to problematic family backgrounds. , more and more children nowadays are brought up in single-parent families and lack adequate parental care. Some parents even abuse their children at home. , children are severely hurt physically mentally, and they are likely to give vent to their negative feelings by committing various crimes. On the other hand, young people nowadays have easy access to a great many violent programs and pornographies on TV shows and video games. the influence of such programs, they may gradually lose their capacity to distinguish between right and wrong and finally end up being a criminal. Although the situation is quite serious, there is still something we can do about it. For example, children who grow up with enough love and care, many people believe, will be less likely to go to extremes. , parents, single parents, should pay more attention to the psychological well being of their children, and try every means to build up a healthy and happy atmosphere for their growth. , children could be kept away from sex and violence in the adult world as far as possible, the negative influence would be reduced to minimum. In a word, we should not turn a blind eye to the problem, and the importance of tackling it cannot be over-emphasized. Only in this way can we make sure that the teenagers have a more promising future ahead of them. (295 words)

青少年问题
? In many countries schools have severe problems with

student behavior.
? What do you think are the causes for this?
? What solutions can you suggest?

考官范文(剑四 P169)
Poor student behavior modern lifestyles are probably responsible for this.

作业:背诵全文
and I think that

In many countries, the birth rate is decreasing families are smaller with fewer children. These children are often , love and attention working parents do not have the time for this, in more material ways. They are allowed to have whatever they want, price, and to behave as they please. the children grow up others and where their standard of living comes from. they get to school age they have not learnt any their teachers and did. Teachers continually complain about this problem and . I think the solution to the problem the families, who need to more the future consequences of spoiling their children. they could them to others and to be social, responsible individuals, the whole community would benefit. Perhaps are needed to help them to do this, and could be established that would support families more raising the next generation. The government should fund this kind of parental support, this is no longer a problem for individual families, but for society as a whole. (257 words) or . They in the way that their parents

辩论类题型1: Discuss both views and give your own opinion
例1:Animal protection
Some people think we should ban animal experiments. Others think they are necessary for the development of science. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion

思考

下列开头的问题在哪里?

whether animal experiments should be banned. Some people think we should no longer experiment on animals, while others argue that we can not forbid them now because they are of vital importance to the development of science. , animal experiments should not be banned. I would like to illustrate my point in this essay. (66 words) 容易偏题
注意:先讨论双方的观点,再给出自己的观点。

修正 whether animal experiments should be banned and we should no longer experiment on animals. we can not forbid them now because they are of vital importance to the development of science. animal experiments should not be banned.

解题思路 1. 确定你的态度: We should NOT ban animal experiments because of its irreplaceable role in scientific development. 2. 确定每段的内容 Para 1: Introduction Para 2: Analyze the reasons why many people believe animals experiments should not be banned – because of its irreplaceable role in the development of science Para 3: Analyze why some people think animal experiments should be banned, and find a point to counter their argument. Para 4: Conclusion: reiterate your position. 3. 列出要点 1) Why are animal experiments necessary for the development of science? 举例说明:medical research (e.g. the tests of new drugs, organ transplants, etc.) 1) Why do some people think animal experiments should be banned? Cruel and inhumane + violate animal rights 4. 开始写作

范文
Whether animal experiments should be banned

举例
it is not advisable to ban animal experiments, they are necessary for the development of science. This is true in medical research, where animal experiments play an irreplaceable role. , any new drug needs to be tested on animals before they can be applied to human beings, make sure that the drug is safe enough for human use. , all the medical breakthroughs, organ transplants, were also tried on animals first. hundreds or even thousands of animal tests did scientists begin to practice them on human beings. , the success of such operations is ensured to the greatest extent. , those animal rights activists, it is cruel and inhumane to make experiments on animals. , animals are also living beings, and they have their own rights that should not be violated by human beings. , so far we have not found any method that is effective animal experiments in the scientific research of some particular fields. they were banned, how could we test the security and efficacy of the new medical products and operations? , we should not ban animal experiments, for the time being, we have not yet found an ideal alternative to this method and it is still of vital importance to the development of science. (295 words)

延伸

反驳

关键词
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

The development of science Scientific research Medical research Medical breakthrough Medical products Organ transplant Particular field Operation Animal rights activist Living being Security/safety Efficacy/effectiveness Ideal alternative

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Ban/prohibit/stop/forbid Play an indispensible role in sth. Apply … to … Ensure/make sure Make experiments on animals Violate one’s rights Be of vital importance to sth./sb.

? Advisable ? Cruel ? Inhumane

? ? ? ? ?

Particularly/especially Likewise/similarly By so doing To the greatest extent So far/up to now

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

科学发展 科学研究 医学研究 医学突破 医疗产品 器官移植 特定领域 手术 动物权益人士 活的生物 安全性 效果,有效性 理想的替代物

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

禁止 在…中起着不可或缺的作用 把…应用于 确保 在动物身上做实验 侵犯某人的权利 对…至关重要

? ? ? ? ?

特别是 同样;类似 通过这么做 最大程度地 到目前为止

? 明智的,可取的 ? 残酷的 ? 不人道的

思考
? 被反驳的观点应该出现在第二段还是第三段?

无一定之规!

例2:society
? Successful sports professionals can earn a great deal

more money than people in other important professions. Some people think this is fully justified while others think it is unfair.
? Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

考官范文 剑六 P164

对比

As a result of constant media attention, sports professionals in my country have become stars and celebrities, and those at the top are paid huge salaries. Just like movie stars, they live extravagant lifestyles with huge houses and cars.

Counter-argument

Many people find their rewards unfair, especially when comparing these super salaries with those of top surgeons or research scientists, or even leading politicians who have the responsibility of governing the country. However, sports salaries are not determined by considering the contribution to society a person makes, or the level of responsibility he or she holds. Instead, they reflect the public popularity of sport in general and the level of public support that successful stars can generate. So the notion of ‘fairness’ is not the issue.
Those who feel that sports stars’ salaries are justified might argue that the number of professionals with real talent are very few, and the money is a recognition of the skills and dedication a person needs to be successful. Competition is constant and a player is tested every time they perform in their relatively short career. The pressure from the media is intense and there is little privacy out of the spotlight. So all of these factors may justify the huge earnings. 解释原因 Personally, I think that the amount of money such sports stars make is more justified than the huge earnings of movie stars, but at the same time, it indicates that our society places more value on sport than on more essential professions and achievements. (251 words)

例3:lifestyle
? Some people prefer to spend their lives doing the same

things and avoiding change. Others, however, think that change is always a good thing.
? Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

考官范文 剑六 P168

Counter-argument

Over the last half century the pace of change in the life of human beings has increased beyond our wildest expectations. This has been driven by technological and scientific breakthroughs that are changing the whole way we view the world on an almost daily basis. This means that changes is not always a personal option, but an inescapable fact of life, and we need to constantly adapt to keep pace with it.
Those people who believe they have achieved some security by doing the same, familiar things are living in denial. Even when people believe they are resisting change themselves, they cannot stop the world around them from changing. Sooner or later they will find that the familiar jobs no longer exist, or that the ‘safe’ patterns of behaviors are no longer appropriate. However, reaching the conclusion that change is inevitable is not the same as assuming that ‘change is always for the better’. Unfortunately, it is not always the case that new things are promoted because they have good impacts for the majority of people. A lot of innovations are made with the aim of making money for a few. This is because it is the rich and powerful people in our society who are able to impose changes (such as in working conditions or property developments) that are in their own interests. In conclusion, I would say that change can be stimulating and energizing for individuals when they pursue it themselves, but that all change, including that which is imposed on people, does not necessarily have good outcomes. (260 words)

练习:tourism
Some people believe that visitors to other countries should follow local customs and behavior. Others disagree and think that the host country should welcome cultural differences. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

词汇
名词 ? International tourism
? Tourist/traveler/visitor

? Cultural difference
? Cultural shock ? Cultural diversity

? Local customs and

behaviors
? Host country

? Friendly environment
? Taboo ? Advantage/benefit

动词 ? Overcome ? Resent ? Violate ? Make great efforts to do sth. ? Be of great concern to ? Experience a different lifestyle ? Have the responsibility to do sth
谚语 ? When in Rome, do as the Romans do.

名词
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

动词
? ? ? ? ? ? ?

国际旅游 游客 文化差异 文化冲击 文化多样性 当地的风俗行为 东道国 友好的氛围 禁忌 好处

克服 怨恨 违反,侵犯 尽力,努力 让……很关心 体验不同的生活方式 有责任做某事

谚语
? 入乡随俗

Homework
? 熟读《剑六》P164和P168两篇考官范文。 ? 背诵《剑四》P169考官范文。 ? 熟记本课Animal protection和tourism中的词汇和短语。


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