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人教版新课标选修七 unit 3 Under the sea language points


选修七三单元 幻灯片 2 1. favorite 2. annual 3. witness 4. sort out 5. accommodation 6. opposite 7. call out 8. yell 9. come on 10. head 11. flee 12. a pack of 13. drag 14. depth 15. urge 16. abandon 1

7. approach 18. help out 19. relationship 20. jog 21. target 22. reflect 23. aware 24. narrow 25. suck 26. sharp 27. scare 28. bring in 29. throw oneself out of 幻灯片 3 1. favorite 1) adj best liked 特别喜爱的,最喜爱的 What's your favorite food? 你最喜爱的食物是什么? English is my favorite subject.英语是我最喜爱的科目 2) n a person or thing liked more than others 特别喜爱的人(或物);受宠的人,亲信 Fish is my favorite. 鱼肉是我最爱吃的东西。 Amy is her father's favorite. 埃米是她父亲的娇女。 幻灯片 4 favorite 本身就是“最喜爱的(形容词)” 、 “最喜爱的东西或人(名词)”,所以它不能再受 程度副词 best, most, very, quite 等修饰。 如: a. 我最喜爱的体育活动是游泳。 My most favourite sport is swimming. (×) My favourite sport is swimming. (√)
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b. 足球是她最喜爱的活动。 Football is her very favourite. (×) Football is her favourite. (√) 幻灯片 5

2. annual adj. 每年的,一年一次的,年度的 n. 一年生植物;年刊,年报,年鉴 annually adv. 每年,一年一次
〖巩固运用〗翻译。 1) 你的年薪是多少? _________________________? 2) an annual report __________ annual rainfall __________ the Football Annual for l998 _________________ What's your annual salary 年度报告 年降雨量 1998 年足球年刊 幻灯片 6 3. witness 【观察思考】翻译下列句子,注意 witness 的用法 ① He witnessed the accident= He was a witness to the accident. 他亲眼看见那个意外事故 ②I witnessed a thief steal the wallet of a tourist by accident. 我偶然间看到一小偷扒窃一游客的钱包 ③He witnessed the truth of my statement. = He witnessed my statement was true. 他证明我的陈述真实 ④Recent years have witnessed great changes in our country 近年来,我国发生了巨大的变化 幻灯片 7 ⑤His clothes witness to his poverty = His clothes are a witness to his poverty. 他的穿着可以证明他穷 ⑥He witnessed to having seen the man enter the room. 他作证说看到那个男人进入房间 ⑦Several people witnessed against the accused. 几个人作了不利于被告的证明 ⑧I'll give witness on behalf of the accused person. 我将为被告作证 幻灯片 8 【归纳】 1) vt.目击,亲眼看到;是...的发生地点/时间 witness sb/sth 亲眼看到 witness sb do sth 看到某人做了某事 the place/time witness sth 目睹/发生某事 2) vt. vi. 作证,证明,表明 witness sth/witness to (doing) sth 作证/证明/表明? witness that?作证/证明? witness against/for sb 证明某人有罪/无罪

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3) n. 目击者,证人(eyewitness) (C); 证据,证明;证词[U] be a witness to 是?的目击者,证明了? give witness on behalf of sb 替某人作证 bear/ give witness to sth 为?作证 幻灯片 9 4. sort out 整理,挑出,分类;解决;整顿,惩罚 【巩固练习】翻译下列句子 1) It is necessary that he (should) sort out the information for my reference 他有必要整理些资料供我参考 2) We must sort out the good apples from the bad 咱们得把好苹果拣出来,同坏的分开 3) Have you sorted out how to get there yet? 你解决了怎么到达那里的问题了吗? 4) That school was sorted out in a matter of two months. 那所学校仅用了两个月的时间就整顿好了 5) Let me get my hands on them! I'll sort them out. 让我来捉住他们, 我要狠狠地教训他们一顿 幻灯片 10 sort n 种类,品种,类型 all sort(s) of (=of all sorts)各种各样的 some sort of 某种 的, 仿佛, 多少有些 of this/that sort 这类 sort of=kind of [作状语用]有几分地,近似; 在一定程度上 I’m used to dealing with matters of this sort 我习惯了处理这类事情 I sort of thought this might happen 我多少猜到了这件事会发生 幻灯片 11 5. accommodation 【考点释义】accommodation 1) 房间,住处; 住宿,膳宿(s/pl) student accommodation 学生宿舍 give/offer/provide accommodation 提供膳宿 book/ reserve accommodation 预订房间 have accommodation for 可以容纳/为?提供住宿 2) 适应;调节 make an accommodation to 适应? 3) 调和;和解 reach/come to an accommodation (with) (与?)达成和解 幻灯片 12 【考点释义】 accommodate vt. 1) 能容纳,能提供...膳宿; 给...方便,通融 accommodate sb for some time 为某人提供多长时间的膳宿

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accommodate +number ?能容纳多少人 accommodate sb 给某人方便 2)(使)适应; 提供 accommodate (?)to 改变/调节?以适应 accommodate sb with sth 为?提供? 幻灯片 13 【即学即用】根据要求,完成句子。 ①Accommodation was difficult to find during the Olympic Games. (译成汉语) _______________________________ ②This hotel has accommodation for 600 people. (句型转换)= This hotel ___ ____________ 600 people. ③ You will have to accommodate yourself to the changed situation. = You will have to _____ __ _____________ __ the changed situation. ④They ______ __ ______________ ____ neighboring countries. 和解了(填空) 奥运会期间很难找到住宿的地方 can accommodate make an accommodation to reached an accommodation with 幻灯片 14 【即学即用】根据要求,完成句子。 ⑤The policeman accommodated us when we asked for help. (译成汉语) ______________________________ ⑥The bank will accommodate him with a loan. (译成汉语) __________________________ 我们请求警察帮忙,他爽快地答应了 银行将向他提供一笔贷款 幻灯片 15 6. opposite 1) prep 介词 a. (表示位置)在?的对面; 在旁边, 接着;与?在一排 The post office is opposite (to) the station.邮局在车站的对面。 b. (表示方式)与?联合主演 He has played opposite her in many productions.他与她联合主演了许多影片 2) adj 形容词 a.对面的 I think the picture would look better on the opposite wall. 我认为这张画挂在对面的墙上会好看些 b.相反的, 对立的 We hold the opposite opinions.我们持相反的意见 in the opposite way 用相反的方式 幻灯片 16 3) n 做句子的主语、宾语等 对立面, 对立物, 相反的人[事物] The chief of the group has gone over to the opposite.那个组织的头头归降了对方
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4) adv.作句子的状语(是修饰动词、形容词、副词等的句子成分) 在对面地 They don't live on this side of the road,they live opposite. 他们不住在马路这边,他们住在那边 幻灯片 17 7. call out 1).叫喊, 大声地说 He called out to his father for help.他向他的父亲大声呼救 She called out my name.她大声叫喊我的名字。 2).调来; 请去 The fire brigade was called out twice last night.消防队昨晚出勤两次。 3).(工会等)命令(工人们)罢工 The union called out the workers when negotiations with the factory owners failed to bring satisfactory results.由于与厂方的谈判未能取得满意结果, 工会下令工人们举行罢工 幻灯片 18 4).召集 The teacher called out his students.老师把学生们召集到一起 5).唤起, 引起 Trouble can call out a person's best qualities.逆境可以激发出一个人的优秀品质 call 的短语 call after 追在?的后面叫喊 call forth 唤起,引起;鼓起(勇气,精神) call for 要求,需要,提倡,去接 call back 叫回来,收回(错话等) call up 征召(服役),动员 call on/upon 访问;号召;呼吁 call off 叫走,叫开;取消 call in 收回(某物);找来,请来;来访 幻灯片 19 8. yell vt. 喊出,嚷着说 vi. 大叫,呼喊,叫喊 n. [c] 叫声,喊声 【观察思考】翻译下列句子,注意 yell 的用法 ①The man yelled (out)a warning to the boys on ice. 那个人大声警告冰上的男孩们 ②They yelled their goodbyes when the bus left.汽车开动时,他们大喊再见 ③She yelled (out) at her mischievous child. 她对她淘气的孩子大喊大叫 ④He yelled at her to be careful.他大声叫她注意 ⑤She yelled at him about/for his constant drunkenness. 她大嚷大叫说他总是烂醉如泥 ⑥She let out a yell and ran home.她尖叫了一声跑回了家 幻灯片 20 【归纳】 yell (out) at sb 对着某人大叫 yell out sth. to sb. 叫喊着对某人说某事

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yell at sb. about/for sth. 叫喊着说某事 yell at sb to do sth 大喊叫某人做某事 give/let out a yell 大叫一声 幻灯片 21 9. come on 1). 跟着来,加油,催促 You'd better go now, and I'll come on later. 你最好现在就去,我随后就来。 2). 进展 How are things coming on? 情况怎么样? 3). 逐渐开始 Night is coming on. 夜幕徐徐降临。 4). 上演 This play is coming on again next month. 这出戏下月又要上演了 come【短语】 come about 发生 come across 偶然遇见 come out 出版, 开(花) come through 经历(疾病.困难等) come up 走近,发芽 come to 涉及,总计,苏醒 幻灯片 22 【巩固练习】 1) The cost of the journey ________ 3000 yuan. 2) Rain ________ just before daybreak . 3) How did the accident ___________ ? 4) When will the book __________ ? 5) I _____________ my teacher in the street yesterday . 6) The seeds haven’t __________ yet . 7) The old man _____________ the World WarⅠ. comes to came on come about come out came across come up came through 幻灯片 23 10. head 1) vi/vt 朝?方向移动/行进 head north/ home/for(towards)/back 往北行进/回家/朝?进发,引向(好/坏)结果/转身,折回 head off 绕到前面去,拦住;防止?发生 我们的船朝岸边驶去 Our boat (was)headed for shore 2) Vt. 带领; 居?之首; 主管 head up 在?前面,领导/主管(某个团体), (植物)长大,小心 该党现在由谁领导?Who is heading the party? 她主管学生会的工作 She heads (up) the Student Union. 姐姐把小妹妹领到学校 The girl headed her little sister to the school.
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幻灯片 24 11. flee (fled, fled) vt.逃离,逃避 vi.逃走,逃跑;消失;逃避;(时间)飞逝 flight n. 逃走,逃跑 【考点释义】 flee from= escape from = run away from 从?逃走, 逃脱, 逃避 flee to 逃到 flee away/past(时间)飞逝,消失 take (to) flight 逃走,逃跑 put sb to flight 迫使某人逃跑 幻灯片 25 【即学即用】完成下列句子。 1)他杀死了仇敌, 逃往了国外.He killed his enemy and _______________. 2)他们从着火的房子里逃出来了.They ____ ____ the burning house. 3)他不应逃避责任 He should not ____ ____ responsibility. 4) 警察来时,小偷们就丢下珠宝逃走了 When the police arrived, the thieves ____ _____, leaving the jewels behind. fled the country fled from flee from took flight 幻灯片 26 12. a pack of 一盒,一包;一伙?,一群? 一群猎犬追捕狐狸。A pack of dogs chased the fox. 我一天抽一包香烟。I smoke a pack of cigarettes a day. 装(箱); 将...挤(塞,装)入;挤(塞,装)满 pack sth with sb/sth(be packed with)挤满 捆扎;包装 (pack up 打包/收拾 pack off 运走,打发掉)

pack vt.

1)Please don't forget to pack me a razor.请别忘了给我放一把剃须刀进去。 2)He packed his clothes into a trunk. 他把衣服装进箱内。 3) The road was packed with refugees.路上尽是逃难的人 幻灯片 27 13. drag v./n 拖,拉,拽; v. 缓慢而吃力地行进, 在(河、湖等的底)打捞 【常用短语】 drag behind 落在后面 drag sth/sb down 拖下去,把身体拖垮 drag in 拉进去 drag sb into sth 强拉参加? /强迫某人做... drag on 拖时间,拖延(vi.); 深吸(vt. )

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drag oneself (慢吞吞地)拖着脚走,艰难地移动 幻灯片 28 【即学即用】翻译句子与选择 ①They're dragging the river for the body of the missing girl.(_____________________________) ②Do you have to drag politics into everything ? (____________________________?) ③If he fails, he’ll ___us all___with him A. pull down B. draw down C. drag down D. take down ④The talks might ___for weeks before any concrete result is announced. A. press on B. drag on C. get bogged down D. hold out ⑤Mary is too weak to ___ the piano across the room. A. apply B. appeal C. attract D. drag 他们在河底打捞失踪女孩的尸体 你非得事事都把政治扯进来吗 C B D 幻灯片 29 14. depth n. [c/u]深,深度(从上至下的距离,从表面 向内部的距离);(指颜色、黑暗等)浓度,强度 [u](指感情等)诚挚,真诚,强烈 【理解思考】阅读下列句子,注意 depth 的用法 ①The young man dived to a depth of 40 feet. 那个青年人潜到四十英尺的深度 ②Plant the beans at a depth of about six inches. 把种子埋到大概六英尺深的地下 ③The ice is ten feet in depth 冰有十英尺深 ④This is a new subject and needs to be explored in depth. 这是个新课题,需要深入研究 ⑤When they start talking about economics, I’m out of/ beyond my depth 他们一谈起经济学,我就一窍不通了 幻灯片 30 ⑥If you are in the depths of despair, you are extremely unhappy. 如果你彻底地失望, 你会十分不开心 ⑦The ragged path leads all the way to the depths of the woods. 那条崎岖不平的羊肠小道一直通往林子的深处 ⑧If you can't swim, don't go out of your depth. 如果你不会游泳就别到水深没顶的地方去 【归纳】 1) to/at a depth of 到/处于?深度 2) in depth ?深/深入地,全面地,彻底地 3) be/get out of/ beyond one’s depth 不能理解 out of one’s depth 束手无策,在深得不能站立的水中 4) the depth(s) of? ?深处/深渊 幻灯片 31

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the depth(s) of

the ocean the jungle the country the winter one’s heart despair

海洋深处 丛林深处 穷乡僻壤 隆冬 心灵深处 绝望的深渊

【单项选择】 1) ---___ is the depth of the well ---It is about 50 meters ___. A. How much; deep B. What; deeply C. How many; in depth D. What; in depth 2) What you said just now is out of my depth. This sentence probably means ___. A. I don’t like what you said. B. I don’t mind what you said just now. C. I can’t understand what you said. D. I didn’t hear what you said. D C 幻灯片 32 15. urge v. 推进,驱策,极力主张,强烈要求,催促, 力劝,激励,怂恿;强调 n. 强烈的愿望(要求) urgency n. 紧急,迫切 urgent adj. 紧急的,紧迫的 【考点释义】 1) urge+ n 催促/主张/要求? 2) urge doing sth 极力主张/力劝做? 3) urge sb to do sth=urge sb. into doing sth 要求/催促某人做? 4) urge that?(should) do sth 强烈要求/主张 5) urge sb/sth on 催促/驱赶?向前 urge sth. on/upon sb. =urge on/upon sb. sth.对某人强调某事,力劝某人做某事 6) urge sb. to n. 激励某人做某事,怂恿某人做某事 7) urge against 极力反对 8) have an urge to do sth 强烈要求做某事 幻灯片 33 【即学即用】根据汉语提示,完成句子。 1) 他敦促妹妹学习 He urges ___ _____ _____ =He urges ___ ____ __ ____ / into studying 2)他向学生们强调勤奋工作的重要性 He _____ ____ ___ _______ ___ _________ of hard work. 3) 你必须催促孩子们赶路,不然我们永远也到不了家 You must ____ the children __ or we'll never get home. 4) 他们主张图书馆在假期开放 They urged that the library __ ____ ____ during the vacation. 5) 他极力主张离去 He _____ _______. 6) 队长鼓励队员们更加刻苦
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The captain urged his team __ (____ )______ ______. 7) 他们极力反对这个计划 They _____ _______ the plan . 8) 他强烈要求参军 He has __ ____ __ ____ the army. his sister's study his sister to study urged upon his students the importance urge on be kept open urged leaving to make greater efforts urged against an urge to join 幻灯片 34 16. abandon vt.放弃,抛弃,遗弃;放纵 n(u).放任,放纵 abandonment (un) 遗弃,抛弃 abandoned adj. 被放弃的,被遗弃的;寡廉鲜耻的; 恣意放荡的;无约束的 abandoner 放弃者,遗弃者,投保人 abandonee 被遗弃者,承保人 【常用短语】 abandon oneself to a feeling/doing sth 陷入某种感情/沉溺于... abandon sb/sth to sb/sth 把某人/物丢弃给某人; 丢弃某人/物处于某种状态 abandon sb/sth to one's fate 不管某人/物,听天由命 abandon sth for sth 放弃/停止?而从事/进行 abandon doing sth 放弃做某事 in abandon 尽情地 with wild abandon 疯狂地 幻灯片 35 【即学即用】根据要求,完成句子。 1) 翻译: abandon one’s country/friend ( ) abandon a bad habit ( ) abandon one’s hope/idea ( ) The football fans cheered with passionate abandon. ( ) 2) 填空:The young man _________ _______ _ despair (陷入了绝望) She _________ ___ ___ the fine arts. (她放弃法律而改学美术) 背弃祖国/朋友 革除恶习 放弃希望/主意 足球迷们热烈地尽情欢呼 abandoned himself to abandoned law for 幻灯片 36 【单项选择】 1) After trying hard, they ____ the hope of finding an effective way to solve the problem. A. abandoned B. released C. discouraged D. resigned 2) After winning the first prize, the boy ____ himself ____ pleasure.
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A. abandoned, in C. abandoned, to

B. was abandoned, to D. abandoned, on

A C 幻灯片 37 17. approach 1) vt. & vi.接近, 走近, 靠近 He cautiously approached the house. 他小心地走近那房子 Christmas was approaching. 圣诞节快到了 2) vt.找...商量(或联系) approach sb about sth Did Mary approach you about lending her some money? 玛丽找你商量过有关借钱给她的事吗? 3) vt.着手处理 He approached the question as a scientist.他以一个科学家的眼光去处理这个问题 幻灯片 38 n. 1) 接近,靠近;即将达到[U][(+of)] Snow announced the approach of winter. 雪宣告了冬季的来临 2) 通道,入口[C][(+to)] Soldiers were guarding the approaches to the city 士兵们守卫着通向城市的路口 3) 方法,方式;态度[C][(+to)] 我喜欢她解决这个问题的方法 I like her approach to the problem. 幻灯片 39 18. help out 帮助;帮助?出来 Eg. My mother helped me out (with some money)when I lost my job. 我失业时, 妈妈(给了我一些钱)帮了我一把。 Don't count on other people to help you out of trouble. 别指望他人能帮你摆脱困境 【常用短语】 请随便吃;擅自拿用_______________ 帮助某人干某事 help sb (to) do sth 在....帮助某人 help sb with sth 在某人帮助下________________ = with sb’s help 情不自禁地干某事______________________ 不能帮助干某事 can’t help to do sth 不得不,不能不;只好________________ 没有法子的事,只好这样 It can't be helped help oneself to with the help of sb can’t help doing sth can't help but do 幻灯片 40 【单项选择】
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1) Have we decided to turn to ____can help us ____ trouble? A. anyone who;with B. whomever; out of C. no matter who; with D. whoever;out of 2) Tom is in trouble now. Let's try our best to____. A. help with him B. help him with C. help out him D. help him out D D 幻灯片 41 19. relationship 关系,血缘关系,交往 1) there is/have relationship between A and B 人/感情/事物之间的关系/联系 2) A have/bear relationship to B 有血缘关系/姻亲关系;事物之间的关系 3) A have relationship with B 感情的关系 1) The relationship between the police and the local community has improved. 2) 'What's your relationship to Sue?' 'She's my cousin.' 3) The lessons bear little relationship to the children's actual needs. 4) The teacher has a very good relationship with her students. 这位老师和学生 们关系很好 幻灯片 42 relation n. 1) in / with relation to 关于,有关,与?相比 eg. I have a lot to say in relation to that affair. 关于那件事, 我有很多话要讲 Women's earnings are still low in relation to men's 2) relation between A and B A have/bear (no) relation to B 事物之间有/没有关系 eg. the relation between wages and prices 工资和物价的关系 The price the meat is sold for bears no relation to he price the farmer receives. 幻灯片 43 3) relations between A and B/ A have relations with B 感情的关系 eg. The union has close relations with the Labor Party Relations between workers and management are generally good 4) relation(s) of/to =relative 亲戚,家人 What relation are you to Jessica? Steve is a distant relation of my wife We have relations in Canada and Scotland relative n.亲戚, 关系词
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adj.有关系的, 相对的, 比较而言的 be relative to 与?有关 幻灯片 44 20. jog vi. n.慢跑, 颠簸着行进,急转弯 vt.轻推,轻撞(n);唤起,提醒 go jogging 去跑步 jog along/on 缓步而行 jog south 向南急转弯 jog one’s elbow 撞了某人的肘 jog sb.’s memory 唤起某人的记忆 at a jog 缓步前进,慢跑 go for a jog 慢跑 幻灯片 45 21. target n. 目标,靶,指标,受批评的对象 target for/of? ?目标,指标,对象 1) Higher degrees in English are a target for foreign students. 2) Jiang set annual growth targets of 8-9% 3) Railway stations are prime targets for bombs 4) The area has become a prime target for supermarket development. 5) The country is a target of criticism for its human rights record on target 击中要害的;准确的,有效的 The gunner’s aim was on target 枪手瞄准了靶 幻灯片 46 target vt. 把...作为目标(或对象),把...对准 target sth on/at sb/sth 把...对准 1) The programme is targeted at improving the health of women of all ages 2) A new benefit(津贴,救济金) is targeted on low-income families 3) The missiles are targeted at several key military sites 幻灯片 47 22. reflect 1) vt. vi.仔细考虑,思考,沉思 reflect on/upon sth 仔细想; 回忆 reflect that? 思考,沉思? reflect wh- to do sth 考虑? He reflected before answering my question. She reflected that life is short.她沉思着生命是短暂的 He reflected on the matter. 他考虑了这件事 I’m reflecting on what to do next. I often reflect on my schooldays. 我经常回忆起我上学的日子 2) 对?有坏影响,给?带来,蒙受(名誉或耻辱等) reflect ? on/upon sb 给某人带来? reflect on/upon sb/sth 对某人/物有坏影响,损及 幻灯片 48

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Such behavior will only reflect discredit on yourself 那样的行为只会影响到你的信誉 His cowardice reflects on his character. 他的胆怯对他的性格带来不良影响 What you said yesterday reflected on her honour. 你昨天讲的话使她的名誉受到损害 3)映出,照出;反射 reflect sb/sth 映出某人/某物的影像 reflect light/heat/sound 反射? be reflected in a mirror/glass/water 映现在?中 He looked at his face reflected in the mirror. Mirrors reflect light. 镜子能反射光线 4)反映,表现,表达 reflect sth/wh-clause 反映,表现,表达 be reflected in sth 反映在?中 幻灯片 49 Does this letter reflect how you really think ? 这封信是否表达了你真实的想法? A man’s action reflects his thoughts. 一个人的行为反映出他的思想 It should be reflected in our landscape and our buildings. 艺术应该反映在我们的自然景观和建筑物 reflection un.映像,倒影;深思,反省;想法,意见; cn.有损的事 eg. Can you see your reflection in the glass? The reflection of the trees in the water was very clear on/upon reflection 再三考虑 be a reflection on sb/sth 给人以不良印象,损害?的名声 eg. At first I disagreed,but on reflection,I realized she was right This matter is a reflection on me 这件事是对我的侮辱 幻灯片 50 23. aware adj.知道的,意识到的 unaware 不察觉的/知道的 awareness n. 知道;意识 be/become aware of (that/wh-clause)意识到/明白/察觉到 make sb.aware that-clause 提醒某人注意 make sb.aware of ... 让某人注意到 as far as I'm aware 据我所知 1) 他知道她会出席 He is aware of her presence. 2) 我知道这事 I am well aware of that. 3) 他们意识到那工作有多难 They are aware how hard the work may be. 4) 我察觉到她在发抖 I was aware that she was trembling. 【注意】 aware 可用 very much, fully, quite, well 等词修饰,但不用 very 修饰 幻灯片 51

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24. narrow adj. 狭窄的,目光短浅的,吝啬的, 勉强的,精细的 v. 使变窄,缩小 narrowly 勉强地,狭窄地 1) a narrow path 羊肠小道 in a narrow sense 在狭义上 a narrow victory 险胜 a narrow escape 死里逃生 narrow views 偏见 be narrow with money 花钱吝啬 v. narrow (sth)down to (使)减少/缩小到... narrow sb. 使某人眼光变窄 narrow into 变窄而成了... 【巩固练习】 1) He had a ___ escape from the fierce fight. A. narrow B. close C. tight D. limited A 幻灯片 52 2) 居住在乡下使他眼光变窄了。 Living in the countryside has _________ ___. 3) The sea narrows into a strait._______________________ 4) 搜查的目标已经缩小到几条街道了 The search has ________ ____ __ a few streets narrowed him 海洋变窄形成海峡 narrowed down to 幻灯片 53 25. suck v. 吮吸,吸收 n.吸吮,吸力 【观察思考】翻译句子。 1) Don't suck your thumb; it's so dirty. 别舔手指头,太脏了 2) They sucked knowledge out of their experience. 他们从经验中吸取有用的知识 3)The boy sucked the bottle dry. 孩子把瓶子吸干了 4) These plants suck up moisture from the soil. 这些植物吸收土壤中的水份 The old man is sucking at his pipe.老人在抽烟斗 5)The canoe was sucked into the whirlpool.那独木舟被卷进了漩涡 6) He was sucking his drink through a straw.他用一根吸管吸着饮料 幻灯片 54 【归纳拓展】 1) suck at 吸,抽 2) suck (...)out of/from 从?吸取 3)suck into 吞噬,拉进,卷入 4) suck through 用?吸/啜液体 5) suck up 吸起,吸收 6) suck up to sb 奉承/巴结某人 7) suck in 吸入,收缩,欺骗 8) suck one's teeth 啧啧地不胜羡慕 9) have a suck of orange juice 吸了一口橘子汁
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【单项选择】 The trees ___ up moisture from the earth. A. eat B. drink C. suck D. take C 幻灯片 55 26. sharp adj. 锋利的,尖的,敏锐的,清晰的,明显的 尖刻的,剧烈的,急拐弯的 adv. 锐利地,剧烈地 , (时间)整点,突然, 【音乐】偏高地 sharpen vt.使尖锐,磨快,加剧;使刺鼻/刺目;使敏锐 /敏捷 vi.变尖锐, 变锋利,急剧化 【练习】翻译 1) a sharp knife ________ full of sharp turns __________ a sharp pain _________ sharp differences ____________ 2) at 12 sharp ________ sing sharp _______________ turn sharp (to the)right __________ 锋利的刀 许多急转弯 一阵剧痛 明显的分歧 在 12 点整 唱得音调过高 向右急转 幻灯片 56 27. scare vt. 恐吓 vi. 受惊吓 n. 惊恐,惊吓[S];大恐慌[C] scary adj.令人惊恐的,可怕的,胆小的,提心吊胆的 【考点释义】 be scared to death 吓坏了,吓得要死 be scared of (doing ) sth 害怕某事 be scared to do sth 害怕/不敢做某事 scare sb off/away 把某人吓跑 scare sb into/out of doing?吓得某人干/不敢干某事 scare up 费力张罗,准备;凑合 scare easily 易害怕,易受惊吓 be scared out of wits 吓得不知所措 be scared stiff/hollow 被吓坏, 被吓呆 give sb. a scare 吓了某人一跳 幻灯片 57 【即学即用】 1) The dog scared the thief away. 狗把小偷吓走了 2) You scare them to death with your mouth. 你一开口就能把人吓死 3)We'll scare her out of telling the police. 我们要把她吓得不敢报警
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4) You did give me a scare. 你真吓了我一跳 5) He is a man who scares easily. 他是个胆小的人 6) The thought of my exams next week scares me stiff. 一想起下星期的考试我就吓得发呆 7) The boy scared up enough money to go to college.这孩子筹措了足够上大学的钱 8) He was scared of being attacked 他害怕被攻击 9) There has been quite a scare about the possible side effects of his new drug. 关于可能产生的副作用引起了相当恐慌 幻灯片 58 scare sb to death 类似的短语 starve to death 饿死 beat sb to death 打死某人 sentence sb to death 判处某人死刑 be tired to death 累极了 be bored to death 烦透了 work oneself to death 积劳而死 幻灯片 59 28. bring in 把?拿进来,带进来;收获(庄稼等) 赚(钱);引进(风尚等),引入(话题等); 扯进来 【巩固练习】 1) He brought in two new members last week.他上周带进 2 名新成员。 2)That matter should never have been brought in. 那件事不该被扯进来。 3) The farmers are bringing the apples in early this year 农夫们正提前摘苹果 4) The sale brought in £250. 这次拍卖获得 250 英镑 幻灯片 60 【拓展】 bring about 造成,引起,导致 bring along 领来或带来(某人或某物) ;使发展/成长 bring around/round (to sth) 说服(某人) ,使(某人) 接受(...);使(某人)恢复知觉 bring back 带回(某人或某物),还回(某物) 回忆/回顾/回想起(往事) ;使(某人)恢复(某状态 to) bring down 降(价) bring forward 提出(建议、证据等);把?提前 bring on 使?发作(illness);使发展,进步(sb/sth) bring sth out 使清楚,使明显;出版,生产 bring up 教育,养育(孩子) ;呕吐,恶心;斥责/传讯(某人) 提及,提出 幻灯片 61 29. throw oneself out of 跃出 The man suddenly threw himself out of the water and said:“I’m here”.那个人突然跃出水 面说:“我在这儿” 。 【联想拓展】
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throw oneself at 冲向 throw oneself into 投身于;积极从事 throw away 扔掉 throw up 呕吐 throw sb. into prison 把某人投入监狱 throw at 对准向??扔去(希望击中) throw to ??(方向)扔去 幻灯片 62 【即学即练】 ①休息了一会后,他重新投入了救援工作。 After a short rest, ____he threw himself into rescuing again ②你可以帮他把书递给他,但向别人投掷书本是不对的 You can help him to give this book to him ___but it’s wrong to throw books at others _ 幻灯片 64 1.on one’s annual migration 2. with one’s own eyes 3. sort out 4. throw oneself out of 5. crash down 6. call out to sb 7. yell out 8. come on 9. race after 10. head out 11. a pack of 12. aim sth at? 13. in the meantime 1.在每年迁徙时 2.亲眼 3.整理,分类,解决,挑选出 4.冲出来,跃出 5.坠落,朝下猛撞 6.对某人大声的叫喊 7.喊出,大叫 8.快点,赶紧;加油做,振作起来 9.跟着某人跑 10.离去,出发,启程 11.一包,一副,一群,一堆 12. 把?对准? 13.在?期间,同时 幻灯片 65 14. 饱餐一顿 15. (使)清除掉,清洗掉
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16.害怕? 17.帮助(某人)摆脱困境和危难 18.需要,缺少 19.用?代替? 20.在海滩上,上岸; 失业, 处于困境 21.去潜泳 22.对某人是一件激动人心的大事 23.捕杀,进行捕杀 24.被困在, 遇到,陷入 14. have a good feed 15. wash off 16. be terrified of 17. help (?) out 18. in need of 19. replace?with? 20. on the beach 21. go snorkelling 22. be a great thrill for sb 23. make a kill 24. be caught in 幻灯片 66 25.禁止 26. 摆桌子吃饭 27.仔细想,回忆 28.醒来,唤醒 29.崭新的生活空间 30. 对?知道/明白,意识到 31. 上下翻转,颠倒,乱七八糟 32.一米半 33. 吓死了 34. 南极洲 35.乘船转一转 25. have a ban on? 26. lay the table for dinner 27. reflect on 28. wake up 29. a new dimension of life 30. be/become aware of 31. upside down 32. one and a half metres =a metre and a half 33. be scared to death 34. the Antarctic 35. on a boat tour 幻灯片 68

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1. It was a time when the killer whales, or “killer” as they were then called, helped the whalers catchthe baleen whales that were on their annual migration 那个时期,虎鲸(当时被称为“杀手” )帮助捕鲸人在每年须鲸迁徙时捕捉须鲸 2. I had already heard that George didn’t like being being kept waiting, so even though I didn’t have the right clothes on, I raced after him. 3. It seemed there was a surprise waiting for me around every corner a I explored ? 4. .?but where the reef ended, there was a sharp drop to the sandy ocean floor. 幻灯片 70 1. snorkel 2. aquarium 3. anecdote 4. baleen 5. annual 6. migration 7. witness 8. accommodation 9. shore offshore 10. opposite 1.vi 戴潜水通气管潜泳 n. (潜水艇或潜水者的)通气管 2. n.水族馆,水族箱,养鱼缸 3. n.轶事, 奇闻 4. n.鲸须 5. adj. 每年的,按年度计算的 n. 年刊,年鉴 6. n.迁徙,迁居,移居 7. vt. 当场见到,目击 n. 目击者,证人,证据 8. n.住所,住宿 9. n.岸, 海滨 adj.近海的,离岸的 10.prep 在对面 adj.相对的, 相反的 幻灯片 71 11. yell 12. pause 13. oar 14. telescope 15. teamwork 16. blow-hole 17. dive 18. flee 19. harpoon 20. drag
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21. depth 22. meantime 23. lip 11. vi. 大叫, 呼喊 n.叫声, 喊声 12. vi./n. 暂停,中止 13. n.桨, 橹 14. n.望远镜 15. n. 协作,配合 16. n. (鲸鱼的)鼻孔, (隧道的)通风口 17.vi. n.潜水, 跳水,俯冲 18. vi.逃避, 逃跑 vt.逃离 19. n.鱼叉 20. vt. 拖,拉,扯 21. n.深(度),深处 22. adv.其间,同时 23. n.嘴唇,边,口 幻灯片 72 24. adv.越过船舷进入水中 25. vt. 催促,极力主张,驱策 26. vt. 放弃,遗弃,抛弃 27. n.鲨鱼 28. n.关系,血缘关系,交往 29. n.保护;保存 30. n.冰山 31. vi.慢跑 vt.轻推,轻撞 32.n. adj. 海边(的), 海滨(的) 33. n.网, 网络, 网状物 34. n. 目标,靶,受批评的对象 35. n.潮水, 潮汐, 潮流 36. n.流网 37. n.维(数),方面,侧面 24. overboard 25. urge 26. abandon 27. shark 28. relationship 29. conservation 30. iceberg 31. jog 32. seaside 33. net 34. target 35. tide
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36. driftnet 37. dimension 幻灯片 73 38. vi. 思考 vt. 映射,反射,思考 39. adj.纯的, 纯粹的, 纯洁的 40. n. 细胞,(蜂房的)巢室, 电池,单身牢房 41. adj. 意识到的,知道的 42. adj.生动的, 鲜明的, 鲜艳的 43. adj. (口)好的,整齐的,匀称的 44. n. 海草, 海藻 45. adj.狭窄的,有限的,狭隘的 46. n.闪光信号灯,手电筒,闪光灯 47. vt. vi. 吮吸 48. n. 海蛞蝓 49. n.海龟,龟,甲鱼 50. n.鳗,鳝 38. reflect 39. pure 40. cell 41. aware 42. vivid 43. neat 44. seaweed 45. narrow 46. flashlight 47. suck 48. sea-slug 49. turtle 50. eel 幻灯片 74 51.adj.锐利的,锋利的,敏捷的 52. adj.好吃的, 可口的 53. adj.巨人的,巨大的 n.巨人,伟人 54. n. 蛤 55. adj. n.灰色(的) 56. vt. 恐吓 vi. 受惊吓 57. adj.浅的,浮浅的,浅显的 58. adj.陡峭的 59. n.界限,分界线 59. adj. 南极的 60. adj.使人敬畏的,令人畏惧的 61. vi.跳, 跳跃 vt.跳过(障碍)
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51. sharp 52. tasty 53. giant 54. clam 55. grey 56. scare 57. shallow 58. steep 59. boundary 59. Antarctic 60. awesome 61. leap 幻灯片 75 62.n. 海豹,封条,印章 63. vt.退还, 偿还 n.退款 64. n.养老金, 退休金 n. 领取养老金者 62. seal 63. refund 64. pension pensioner

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